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MATTHEW 4:1-11

New Testament Lesson #11

wilderness to be tempted. He fasted for 40 days. When he was very hungry, a tempter came to him, wanting Jesus to prove that he was the Son of God (as the voice from heaven had proclaimed at his baptism). He tempted Jesus by saying, “If you are the Son of God, tell these stones to become bread.” Jesus refused, saying, “Man does not live on bread alone, but on every word that comes from the mouth of God.” For the next temptation, the Devil took Jesus into a city, had Jesus stand on the highest point of the temple and suggested that Jesus throw himself down. He told Jesus that God’s angels would not even let Jesus strike his foot against a stone (Psalm 91:11-12). Jesus responded, “It is also written: ‘Do not put the Lord your God to the test’ ” (Deuteronomy 6:16). Next, the tempter showed Jesus all the kingdoms of the world and offered them to him if Jesus would just worship the tempter. He told the tempter, “Away from me, Satan! For it is written: ‘Worship the Lord your God, and serve him only’ ” (Deuteronomy 6:13). After this, the tempter left Jesus, and the angels came and ministered to Jesus.

After Jesus’ baptism, he was led by God into the

The Temptation of Jesus

I. God led Jesus into the wilderness. A. Jesus didn’t eat for 40 days and was hungry. B. A tempter asked Jesus to prove he was the Son of God by turning stones into bread. C. Jesus said man does not live by bread alone, but on God’s Word. II. The Devil tried again. A. Jesus stood on the highest point of the temple. B. The Devil said Jesus should throw himself down and that God would save him. C. Jesus said no, he would not test his Father. III. The Devil tried to bribe Jesus. A. The Devil offered all the world’s kingdoms to Jesus if Jesus would worship the Devil. B. Jesus refused, and told the Devil to leave. C. The Devil departed, and angels ministered to Jesus.

Satan tried to get Jesus to turn stone into bread, jump off the high roof of the temple and worship Satan.

• Parallel accounts are found in Mark 1:12-13 and Luke 4:1-13. • The word “devil” is from the Greek word diabolos which means “false accuser, slanderer,” and the same word is used of Judas Iscariot in John 6:70-71 because he falsely accused and betrayed Jesus. • The word “Satan” is from the Greek word satanas and means “adversary.” It was used by Jesus to describe the apostle Peter when Peter told Jesus that he wouldn’t have to die. See Mark 8:31-33 and Matthew 16:21-23. • In all three temptations, Jesus quotes Scripture to overcome the temptation. He drew upon passages from Deuteronomy that dealt with Israel’s trials in the wilderness. • In the Bible, the number 40 is the number of probation and judgment. Examples of this are seen in the flood (it rained 40 days and 40 nights); the Exodus of the children of Israel from Egypt (it took them 40 years to reach the Promised Land); the story of Jonah, who told the people of Nineveh their city would be destroyed in 40 days (Jonah 3:4).
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“Man does not live on bread alone, but on every word that comes from the mouth of God.” “Do not put the Lord your God to the test.” “Worship the Lord your God, and serve Him only.”

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