The World Of Triangles Free powerpoints at http://www.worldofteaching.com Triangles A triangle is a 3sided polygon. Every triangle has three sides and three angles. When added together, the three angles equal 180°. Acute Triangles A triangle in which all three angles are less than 90°. Obtuse Triangles An obtuse triangle is a triangle in which one of the angles is greater than 90°. Right Triangles A right triangle is triangle with an angle of 90°. Scalene Triangles A triangle with three unequal sides. Isosceles Triangles An isosceles triangle is a triangle with (at least) two equal sides. Isosceles Triangle Theorem The following movie shows that if two sides of a triangle are congruent, then the angles opposite those sides are congruent. Equilateral Triangles An equilateral triangle is a triangle with all three sides of equal length. Equiangular Triangles An equiangular triangle is a triangle which has three equal angles. Congruent Triangles Congruent triangles are triangles whose corresponding angles and sides are congruent. They are exactly the same size and shape. The Hypotenuse The hypotenuse of a right triangle is the triangle's longest side, i.e., the side opposite the right angle. The Pythagorean Theorem For a right triangle with legs a and b and hypotenuse c, a2+b2=c2. Triangle Quiz Please complete the following quiz that covers the information that was just presented to you. Question 1 If a triangle has three unequal sides it is a ______ triangle. Answer: A) Scalene A) Scalene B) Obtuse C) Isosceles Question 2 A triangle which has three equal angles is a ______ triangle. Answer: C) Equiangular A) Acute B) Equilateral C) Equiangular Question 3 A triangle with (at least) two equal sides is a ______ triangle. Answer: B) Isosceles A) Scalene B) Isosceles C) Congruent Question 4 Two triangles that are equal are called ______ triangles Answer: C) Congruent A) Acute B) Obtuse C) Congruent Question 5 A triangle with all three sides of equal length is a ______ triangle. Answer: A) Equilateral A) Equilateral B) Right C) Equiangular Question 6 A triangle with an angle of 90° is a ______ triangle. Answer: B) Right A) Acute B) Right C) Congruent Question 7 A triangle in which all three angles are less than 90° is a ______ triangle. Answer: B) Acute A) Right B) Acute C) Scalene Question 8 A triangle in which one of the angles is greater than 90° is a ______ triangle. Answer: A) Obtuse A) Obtuse B) Isosceles C) Acute Question 9 What is the Hypotenuse of a right triangle? Answer: A) The smallest angle. B) The side opposite the right angle. C) The right angle. B) The side opposite the right angle. Question 10 The Pythagorean Theorem states … Answer: C) a2+b2=c2 A) pr2 B) (a+b)2/2=c C) a2+b2=c2 Question 11 Use the Pythagorean Theorem to solve the following: Answer: c = 13 a= 5 b = 12 c=?
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