Hajj_Glossary

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Hajj_Glossary Powered By Docstoc
					                          Glossary of Hajj & Umra

Ahadith                    ‫ أحادَث‬Plural for hadith.
                                     The big place for stoning at Mina. The last one coming
(Jamrat) al-Aqabah   ‫(جًرج) انعمثح‬
                                     from Muzdalifah.
                                  Name of the area located 7.6 miles (12km) from Mina,
Arafah / Arafat      ‫ عرفح / عرفاخ‬where the pilgrims spend the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah: the main
                                  pillar (Rukn) of Hajj.
Aswad                        ‫ أسىد‬Black.
Ashwat                      ‫ أشىاط‬Plural of Shawt. Circuits of Tawaf or laps of Sa‟y.
Aurah                       ‫ عىرج‬Parts of the body that must be covered.
Ayat                         ‫ آَاخ‬Plural for ayah (verse from the Qur'an).
Ayam                          ‫ أَاو‬Days. Plural of Yawm (day).
                                     City next to Mina. Aziziyah is not part of Mina and is not a
Aziziyah                 ‫انعسَسَح‬
                                     site of Hajj. But it is part of the Haram of Makkah.
Barakah                      ‫ تركح‬Blessings of Allah.
                                    Graveyard of Madinah, close to the Prophet‟s Masjid,
Baqee‟                       ‫ انثمُع‬where most of the companions of the Prophet (peace be
                                    upon him) are buried.
Dhatu „Irq              ‫ راخ عرق‬Meeqat of the people of (and those coming from) Iraq.
                                     Remembrance of Allah and mentioning His name and
Dhikr                         ‫ركر‬
                                     attributes (in Ibadah).
Dhul Hulayfah           ‫ رو انحهُفح‬Meeqat of the people of (and those coming from) Madinah.
Du‟a                         ‫ دعاء‬Supplication, invocation.
                                     Blood. The sacrifice of a sheep, goat, etc., in order to
Dumm                           ‫دو‬
                                     compensate for failing to perform a wajib act of Hajj.
Dhul-Hijjah              ‫ رو انحجح‬The 12th month of the Muslim (Hijra) calendar.
Dhul-Qe‟dah              ‫ رو انمعذج‬The 11th month of the Muslim (Hijra) calendar.
                                     The 10th of Dhu-Hijjah. The day of celebration after the
Eid-ul-Adha           ً‫عُذ األضح‬
                                     day of Arafat.
                                     An expiation for a missed rite (fasting 3 days OR feeding 6
Fidyah                        ‫فذَح‬
                                     needy people OR sacrificing a sheep or a goat)
Ghusl                        ‫ غسم‬Taking a bath in a special ceremonial way.
Ghuroob                    ‫ غروب‬Sunset.
                                     The sacrifice (sheep, goat, etc.) for the Tamattu‟ and Qiran
Hady                         ٌ‫هذ‬
                                     pilgrims.
Hajar-al-Aswad       ‫ انحجر األسىد‬The Black Stone implanted in the corner of the Ka'bah.
Halq                      ‫ انحهك‬Shaving one's hair.
Haram                     ‫ حراو‬Forbidden, prohibited.
                               The sanctuary of Makkah. The mosque in Makkah around
Haram of Makkah        ‫ حرو يكح‬the Ka‟bah (al-Masjid al-Haram) is commonly referred to
                               as al-Haram.
                                 The sanctuary of Madinah. The mosque in Madinah (al-
Haram of Madinah     ‫ حرو انًذَُح‬Masjid an-Nabawi) is sometimes referred to as al-Haram
                                 as well.
Hateem                   ‫ انحطُى‬See “Hijr Isma‟eel.”
                               The area adjacent to the Ka‟bah on its northwest side,
Hijr Isma‟eel      ‫ حجر ٍسًاعُم‬enclosed by a low semi-circular wall. Also called Hateem.
                         ‫ا‬
                               10 feet of the Hateem is part of the Ka‟bah.
                                   Uncovering the right shoulder (men) during Tawaf al-
Idtiba‟                    ‫ال‬
                      ‫ا ٍضطثاع‬
                                   Qudoom.
Ifrad                    ‫ االٍفراد‬Hajj-Ifrad is Hajj only, without Umra.
                                 The state of ritual consecration. The ceremonial state of
Ihram                    ‫ ا ٍحراو‬starting Umra or Hajj. Traditionally, the garments of Ihram
                             ‫ال‬
                                 themselves are called Ihram.
                                   Touching with the hand the Black Stone or the Yamani
Istilam                      ‫ال‬
                        ‫ا ٍستالو‬
                                   corner.
Jabal ar-Rahma       ‫ جثم انرحًح‬The Mountain of Mercy in Arafat.
                                   The pillars in Mina for stoning, signifying the places where
Jamrah                    ‫جًرج‬
                                   the Shaytan tempted the Prophet Ibraheem.
Jamarat                ‫ انجًراخ‬Plural for jamrah.
Janazah                   ‫ جُازج‬The dead.
Jannah                    ‫ انجُح‬Paradise.
                                Meeqat of people of (and those coming from) Sham (Syria,
                                Jordan, Palestine, Lebanon), North Africa and Europe.
Juhfah                   ‫انجحفح‬
                                Juhfah is ruined. The actual place used now is the small
                                village of Rabigh.
                                   The cube structure in the mosque in al-Masjid al-Haram in
Ka'bah                    ‫انكعثح‬
                                   Makkah.
Kaffarah                  ‫ كفارج‬Expiation.
                                   Name of a mosque in Mina where it‟s reported that 70
Khaif              ‫(يسجذ) انخُف‬
                                   prophets performed prayer.
Khutbah                   ‫ خطثح‬Lecture, sermon.
Kiswah                    ‫ كسىج‬The cloth that covers the Ka'bah.
                                  Husband, or a male relative of a woman whom she is
                                  prohibited to marry (father, grandfather, son, grandson,
Mahram                       ‫يحرو‬
                                  brother, uncle, nephew). A woman has to accompanied by
                                  a mahram to travel for Hajj & Umra.
Manasik                      ‫ يُاسك‬Rites of Hajj & Umra. Plural of Mansak.
Mansak                       ‫ انكعثح‬A rite of Hajj or Umra, such as Tawaf, Ramy and Sa‟y.
                                     The station where Prophet Ibraheem stood while building
Maqam-Ibraheem          ‫ يماو ٍتراهُى‬the Ka'bah. (It was moved from its original place, which
                              ‫ا‬
                                     was next to the Ka'bah.)
Marwah                       ‫ انًروج‬The hill where the Sa‟y ends.
Mas‟a                       ً‫ انًسع‬The stretch between Safa and Marwah
                                    The small mountain in Muzdalifah where the Prophet
                                    (peace be upon him) stood after the Fajr prayer on the
                                    10th of Dhul-Hijjah. Now there is a Masjid in that location
Al-Mash‟ar al-Haram   ‫ انًشعر انحراو‬with the same name. Muzdalifah is also called al-Mash‟ar
                                    al-Haram by extension, since the Prophet (pbuh)
                                    mentioned that “I stood here and all of Jam‟ (i.e.
                                    Muzdalifah) is place for standing.”
Al-Masjid al-Haram    ‫ انًسجذ انحراو‬The mosque around the Ka‟bah in Makkah.
                                      The mosque of the Prophet (peace be upon him) in
Al-Masjid an-Nabawi   ٌ‫انًسجذ انُثى‬
                                      Madinah.
                                   Boundary of the area around Makkah, which a pilgrim
Meeqat                       ‫ يُماخ‬should not pass without being in Ihram. Plural is
                                   Mawaqeet.
Mihrab                      ‫ يحراب‬The place where the Imam stands while delivering a Salat.
                                      The place where the Imam stands while delivering a
Minbar                         ‫يُثر‬
                                      khutbah (sermon).
                                      One of the Hajj ceremonial sites, 5 miles (8km) from
Mina                           ًُ‫ي‬
                                      Makkah.
                                      Strongly recommended. Usually refers to a Sunnah, an act
Muakkadah                    ‫يؤكذج‬
                                      or saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him).
                                  Valley between Mina and Muzdalifah, about 50 meters
                                  wide, where the army of elephants led by Abraha from
Muhassir              ‫ (وادٌ) يحسر‬Yemen was destroyed the year the Prophet (peace be
                                  upon him) was born. The Sunnah is to pass this valley
                                  quickly.
Muhrim                       ‫ يحرو‬A person in Ihram.
                                    The part of the Ka‟bah (about 6.5 feet) between its door
                                    and the Black Stone Corner. Du‟a is accepted at this place.
Multazam                      ‫يهتسو‬
                                    It is Sunnah to cling to the wall of the ka‟bah at the
                                    Multazam and make du‟a.
Mustahab                   ‫ يستحة‬Desirable (act).
Mutamatti‟                ‫ يتًتع‬A pilgrim perforimng Hajj Tamattu.
                                  One of the Hajj ceremonial sites, between Mina and Arafat,
Muzdalifah               ‫يسدنفح‬
                                  adjacent to Mina.
Namirah                   ‫ ًَرج‬The Mosque in Arafat.
Nafl                        ‫ َفم‬Optional (voluntary).
Nafrah                    ‫ انُفرج‬Process of pilgrims departing from Arafat on the 9th.
                                  Slaughtering of an animal such as on the 10th of Dhul-
Nahr                      ‫انُحر‬
                                  Hijjah
Niqab                     ‫ َماب‬Face covering for women.
Niyah                       ‫ َُح‬Intention.
Niyaat                    ‫ َُاخ‬Plural for niyah.
                                  Meeqat of people coming from the east: Najd (Riyadh,
Qarn al-Manazil     ‫لرٌ انًُازل‬
                                  etc), UAE, etc.
Qasr                      ‫ لصر‬Shortening Salat from 4 to 2 Rak‟at during travel.
                                  The name of the camel of the Prophet (peace be upon
Qaswa‟                 ‫انمصىاء‬
                                  him).
Qiblah                    ‫ انمثهح‬The direction of prayer for Muslims.
Qiblatayn         ٍُ‫ (يسجذ) انمثهت‬Name of the mosque in Madinah where a group of
Qiran                    ٌ‫ انمرا‬Hajj with Umra without coming out of Ihram after Umra.
Qaarin                    ٌ‫ لار‬Pilgrim who performs Hajj Qiran.
                                The name of a mosque in Madinah. The first mosque in
                                Islam. The Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him) is
Quba                       ‫لثاء‬
                                to go this Masjid on Saturday morning and pray 2 Rak‟at,
                                the reward of which is equal to that of a Umra.
Rak‟ah                    ‫ ركعح‬A unit of prayer.
Raka'at                 ‫ ركعاخ‬Plural for rak‟ah.
Ramal                      ‫ ريم‬A brisk walking in the first 3 rounds of Tawaf al-Qudoom.
Rida‟                     ‫ رداء‬The upper cloth of the Ihram.
Ramy                      ٍ‫ ري‬Stoning of the jamarat.
                                  Important pillar. Omitting a pillar invalidates the Hajj with
Rukn                      ٍ‫رك‬
                                  no possibility for compensation.
Rukn-al-Yamani     ٍَ‫ انركٍ انًُا‬The corner of the Ka'bah which faces Yemen (South).
Sa‟y                     ٍ‫ انسع‬The walk made between Safa and Marwah.
Sadaqah                  ‫ صذلح‬Charity.
Safa                     ‫ انصفا‬The hill where you start your Sa‟y.
Shurooq                  ‫ شروق‬Sunrise.
                                         The small place for stoning at Mina. The first one coming
(Jamrah) Sughra        ‫انجًرج انصغري‬
                                         from Muzdalifah.
Sujood                         ‫ سجىد‬Prostration in Salat.
                                         Way of the Prophet (peace be upon him). A particular act
Sunnah                           ‫سُح‬
                                         or saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him).
Surah                          ‫ سىرج‬A chapter of the Qur'an.
Shawal                         ‫ شىال‬The 10th month of the Muslim (Hijra) calendar.
                                         One circuit of Tawaf around the Ka‟bah, or one of Sa‟y
Shawt                           ‫شىط‬
                                         between Safa and Marwah.
                                       The complete relief from the state of Ihram where all the
At-Tahallul al-Akbar     ‫ انتحهم األكثر‬restrictions of Ihram are lifted and the pilgrim returns to
                                       normal life.
                                      The partial relief from the state of Ihram where all
At-Tahallul a-Asghar    ‫ انتحهم األصغر‬restrictions of Ihram are lifted with the exception of sexual
                                      intercourse.
Tahleel                         ‫ تههُم‬Saying “La Ilaaha Illa Allah” (there is no god but Allah).
Tahmeed                        ‫ تحًُذ‬Saying “Al-hamdu lillah” (praise be to Allah).
Takbeer                        ‫ تكثُر‬Saying "Allahu Akbar" (Allah is great).
                                         The supplication one recites once in Ihram and having
Talbiyah                         ‫تهثُح‬
                                         made the intention.
Tamattu‟                       ‫ انتًتع‬Hajj performed with Umra preceding it (two niy'at).
                                         Boundary of the Haram of Makkah 4.6 miles (7.4km) to
Tan‟eem                        ‫انتُعُى‬
                                         the north of Makkah. Also called Masjid „Aisha.
                                     Shortening hair at the completion of Hajj and Umra. For
                                     men this is an alternative (less rewarding) option for Halq
Taqseer                      ‫( انتمصُر‬shaving of the head). For women this is the only way and
                                     consists of cutting the length of a fingernail from the
                                     extremities of hair.
Tarweya                       ‫ انتروَح‬Quenching (The 8th day of Dhul-Hijjah).
Tashreek                     ‫ انتشرَك‬Drying of meat (11th, 12th and 13th of Dhul-Hijjah).
Tawaf                         ‫ طىاف‬Circumambulation of the Ka‟bah.
Tawaf al-Hajj             ‫ طىاف انحج‬Same as Tawaf al-Ifadah.
Tawaf-al-Ifadah         ‫ طىاف االٍفاضح‬Tawaf for Hajj (Pillar of Hajj).
Tawaf an_Nafl             ‫ طىاف انُفم‬Voluntary Tawaf.
Tawaf-al-Qudoom          ‫ طىاف انمذوو‬Welcome Tawaf, done when first arriving to Makkah.
Tawaf-al-Wida‟           ‫ طىاف انىداع‬Farewell Tawaf (a wajib of Hajj).
Tawaf az-Ziyarah        ‫ طىاف انسَارج‬Same as Tawaf al-Ifadah.
                                         Minor Hajj, consisting of Ihram, Tawaf, Sa‟y and Halq or
Umra                           ‫عًرج‬
                                         Taqseer.
Udhiya                 ‫ أضحُح‬Sacrifice of an animal on the day of Eid-ul-Adha.
                                Valley bordering Arafah on the west side, and is not part of
Uranah            ‫(وادٌ) عرَح‬
                                Arafah.
                                Obligatory, requisite. Omission of a Wajib requires an
Wajib                   ‫واجة‬
                                animal sacrifice.
Wajibat               ‫ واجثاخ‬Plural of Wajib.
                                A prescribed method of washing to prepare for Salat
Wudu                   ‫وضىء‬
                                (prayer). Ablution.
Wuqoof                 ‫ ولىف‬Standing/staying (in Arafat on the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah).
(Jamrah) Wusta   ً‫ انجًرج انىسط‬The middle place for stoning at Mina.
Yalamlam                 ‫ َهًهى‬Meeqat of people of (and those coming from) Yemen.
Yawm                      ‫ َىو‬Day.
                                The sacred well inside the Haram in Makkah. The water
Zamzam                  ‫زيسو‬
                                from it is commonly known as zamzam.
Zawal                  ‫ انسوال‬When the sun moves from its zenith (midday).
Ziyarah                 ‫ زَارج‬Visiting. Usually refers to visiting Madinah.