Glossary of Hajj & Umra
Ahadith أحادَثPlural for hadith.
The big place for stoning at Mina. The last one coming
(Jamrat) al-Aqabah (جًرج) انعمثح
Name of the area located 7.6 miles (12km) from Mina,
Arafah / Arafat عرفح / عرفاخwhere the pilgrims spend the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah: the main
pillar (Rukn) of Hajj.
Ashwat أشىاطPlural of Shawt. Circuits of Tawaf or laps of Sa‟y.
Aurah عىرجParts of the body that must be covered.
Ayat آَاخPlural for ayah (verse from the Qur'an).
Ayam أَاوDays. Plural of Yawm (day).
City next to Mina. Aziziyah is not part of Mina and is not a
site of Hajj. But it is part of the Haram of Makkah.
Barakah تركحBlessings of Allah.
Graveyard of Madinah, close to the Prophet‟s Masjid,
Baqee‟ انثمُعwhere most of the companions of the Prophet (peace be
upon him) are buried.
Dhatu „Irq راخ عرقMeeqat of the people of (and those coming from) Iraq.
Remembrance of Allah and mentioning His name and
attributes (in Ibadah).
Dhul Hulayfah رو انحهُفحMeeqat of the people of (and those coming from) Madinah.
Du‟a دعاءSupplication, invocation.
Blood. The sacrifice of a sheep, goat, etc., in order to
compensate for failing to perform a wajib act of Hajj.
Dhul-Hijjah رو انحجحThe 12th month of the Muslim (Hijra) calendar.
Dhul-Qe‟dah رو انمعذجThe 11th month of the Muslim (Hijra) calendar.
The 10th of Dhu-Hijjah. The day of celebration after the
Eid-ul-Adha ًعُذ األضح
day of Arafat.
An expiation for a missed rite (fasting 3 days OR feeding 6
needy people OR sacrificing a sheep or a goat)
Ghusl غسمTaking a bath in a special ceremonial way.
The sacrifice (sheep, goat, etc.) for the Tamattu‟ and Qiran
Hajar-al-Aswad انحجر األسىدThe Black Stone implanted in the corner of the Ka'bah.
Halq انحهكShaving one's hair.
Haram حراوForbidden, prohibited.
The sanctuary of Makkah. The mosque in Makkah around
Haram of Makkah حرو يكحthe Ka‟bah (al-Masjid al-Haram) is commonly referred to
The sanctuary of Madinah. The mosque in Madinah (al-
Haram of Madinah حرو انًذَُحMasjid an-Nabawi) is sometimes referred to as al-Haram
Hateem انحطُىSee “Hijr Isma‟eel.”
The area adjacent to the Ka‟bah on its northwest side,
Hijr Isma‟eel حجر ٍسًاعُمenclosed by a low semi-circular wall. Also called Hateem.
10 feet of the Hateem is part of the Ka‟bah.
Uncovering the right shoulder (men) during Tawaf al-
Ifrad االٍفرادHajj-Ifrad is Hajj only, without Umra.
The state of ritual consecration. The ceremonial state of
Ihram ا ٍحراوstarting Umra or Hajj. Traditionally, the garments of Ihram
themselves are called Ihram.
Touching with the hand the Black Stone or the Yamani
Jabal ar-Rahma جثم انرحًحThe Mountain of Mercy in Arafat.
The pillars in Mina for stoning, signifying the places where
the Shaytan tempted the Prophet Ibraheem.
Jamarat انجًراخPlural for jamrah.
Janazah جُازجThe dead.
Meeqat of people of (and those coming from) Sham (Syria,
Jordan, Palestine, Lebanon), North Africa and Europe.
Juhfah is ruined. The actual place used now is the small
village of Rabigh.
The cube structure in the mosque in al-Masjid al-Haram in
Name of a mosque in Mina where it‟s reported that 70
Khaif (يسجذ) انخُف
prophets performed prayer.
Khutbah خطثحLecture, sermon.
Kiswah كسىجThe cloth that covers the Ka'bah.
Husband, or a male relative of a woman whom she is
prohibited to marry (father, grandfather, son, grandson,
brother, uncle, nephew). A woman has to accompanied by
a mahram to travel for Hajj & Umra.
Manasik يُاسكRites of Hajj & Umra. Plural of Mansak.
Mansak انكعثحA rite of Hajj or Umra, such as Tawaf, Ramy and Sa‟y.
The station where Prophet Ibraheem stood while building
Maqam-Ibraheem يماو ٍتراهُىthe Ka'bah. (It was moved from its original place, which
was next to the Ka'bah.)
Marwah انًروجThe hill where the Sa‟y ends.
Mas‟a ً انًسعThe stretch between Safa and Marwah
The small mountain in Muzdalifah where the Prophet
(peace be upon him) stood after the Fajr prayer on the
10th of Dhul-Hijjah. Now there is a Masjid in that location
Al-Mash‟ar al-Haram انًشعر انحراوwith the same name. Muzdalifah is also called al-Mash‟ar
al-Haram by extension, since the Prophet (pbuh)
mentioned that “I stood here and all of Jam‟ (i.e.
Muzdalifah) is place for standing.”
Al-Masjid al-Haram انًسجذ انحراوThe mosque around the Ka‟bah in Makkah.
The mosque of the Prophet (peace be upon him) in
Al-Masjid an-Nabawi ٌانًسجذ انُثى
Boundary of the area around Makkah, which a pilgrim
Meeqat يُماخshould not pass without being in Ihram. Plural is
Mihrab يحرابThe place where the Imam stands while delivering a Salat.
The place where the Imam stands while delivering a
One of the Hajj ceremonial sites, 5 miles (8km) from
Strongly recommended. Usually refers to a Sunnah, an act
or saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him).
Valley between Mina and Muzdalifah, about 50 meters
wide, where the army of elephants led by Abraha from
Muhassir (وادٌ) يحسرYemen was destroyed the year the Prophet (peace be
upon him) was born. The Sunnah is to pass this valley
Muhrim يحروA person in Ihram.
The part of the Ka‟bah (about 6.5 feet) between its door
and the Black Stone Corner. Du‟a is accepted at this place.
It is Sunnah to cling to the wall of the ka‟bah at the
Multazam and make du‟a.
Mustahab يستحةDesirable (act).
Mutamatti‟ يتًتعA pilgrim perforimng Hajj Tamattu.
One of the Hajj ceremonial sites, between Mina and Arafat,
adjacent to Mina.
Namirah ًَرجThe Mosque in Arafat.
Nafl َفمOptional (voluntary).
Nafrah انُفرجProcess of pilgrims departing from Arafat on the 9th.
Slaughtering of an animal such as on the 10th of Dhul-
Niqab َمابFace covering for women.
Niyaat َُاخPlural for niyah.
Meeqat of people coming from the east: Najd (Riyadh,
Qarn al-Manazil لرٌ انًُازل
etc), UAE, etc.
Qasr لصرShortening Salat from 4 to 2 Rak‟at during travel.
The name of the camel of the Prophet (peace be upon
Qiblah انمثهحThe direction of prayer for Muslims.
Qiblatayn ٍُ (يسجذ) انمثهتName of the mosque in Madinah where a group of
Qiran ٌ انمراHajj with Umra without coming out of Ihram after Umra.
Qaarin ٌ لارPilgrim who performs Hajj Qiran.
The name of a mosque in Madinah. The first mosque in
Islam. The Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him) is
to go this Masjid on Saturday morning and pray 2 Rak‟at,
the reward of which is equal to that of a Umra.
Rak‟ah ركعحA unit of prayer.
Raka'at ركعاخPlural for rak‟ah.
Ramal ريمA brisk walking in the first 3 rounds of Tawaf al-Qudoom.
Rida‟ رداءThe upper cloth of the Ihram.
Ramy ٍ ريStoning of the jamarat.
Important pillar. Omitting a pillar invalidates the Hajj with
no possibility for compensation.
Rukn-al-Yamani ٍَ انركٍ انًُاThe corner of the Ka'bah which faces Yemen (South).
Sa‟y ٍ انسعThe walk made between Safa and Marwah.
Safa انصفاThe hill where you start your Sa‟y.
The small place for stoning at Mina. The first one coming
(Jamrah) Sughra انجًرج انصغري
Sujood سجىدProstration in Salat.
Way of the Prophet (peace be upon him). A particular act
or saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him).
Surah سىرجA chapter of the Qur'an.
Shawal شىالThe 10th month of the Muslim (Hijra) calendar.
One circuit of Tawaf around the Ka‟bah, or one of Sa‟y
between Safa and Marwah.
The complete relief from the state of Ihram where all the
At-Tahallul al-Akbar انتحهم األكثرrestrictions of Ihram are lifted and the pilgrim returns to
The partial relief from the state of Ihram where all
At-Tahallul a-Asghar انتحهم األصغرrestrictions of Ihram are lifted with the exception of sexual
Tahleel تههُمSaying “La Ilaaha Illa Allah” (there is no god but Allah).
Tahmeed تحًُذSaying “Al-hamdu lillah” (praise be to Allah).
Takbeer تكثُرSaying "Allahu Akbar" (Allah is great).
The supplication one recites once in Ihram and having
made the intention.
Tamattu‟ انتًتعHajj performed with Umra preceding it (two niy'at).
Boundary of the Haram of Makkah 4.6 miles (7.4km) to
the north of Makkah. Also called Masjid „Aisha.
Shortening hair at the completion of Hajj and Umra. For
men this is an alternative (less rewarding) option for Halq
Taqseer ( انتمصُرshaving of the head). For women this is the only way and
consists of cutting the length of a fingernail from the
extremities of hair.
Tarweya انتروَحQuenching (The 8th day of Dhul-Hijjah).
Tashreek انتشرَكDrying of meat (11th, 12th and 13th of Dhul-Hijjah).
Tawaf طىافCircumambulation of the Ka‟bah.
Tawaf al-Hajj طىاف انحجSame as Tawaf al-Ifadah.
Tawaf-al-Ifadah طىاف االٍفاضحTawaf for Hajj (Pillar of Hajj).
Tawaf an_Nafl طىاف انُفمVoluntary Tawaf.
Tawaf-al-Qudoom طىاف انمذووWelcome Tawaf, done when first arriving to Makkah.
Tawaf-al-Wida‟ طىاف انىداعFarewell Tawaf (a wajib of Hajj).
Tawaf az-Ziyarah طىاف انسَارجSame as Tawaf al-Ifadah.
Minor Hajj, consisting of Ihram, Tawaf, Sa‟y and Halq or
Udhiya أضحُحSacrifice of an animal on the day of Eid-ul-Adha.
Valley bordering Arafah on the west side, and is not part of
Uranah (وادٌ) عرَح
Obligatory, requisite. Omission of a Wajib requires an
Wajibat واجثاخPlural of Wajib.
A prescribed method of washing to prepare for Salat
Wuqoof ولىفStanding/staying (in Arafat on the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah).
(Jamrah) Wusta ً انجًرج انىسطThe middle place for stoning at Mina.
Yalamlam َهًهىMeeqat of people of (and those coming from) Yemen.
The sacred well inside the Haram in Makkah. The water
from it is commonly known as zamzam.
Zawal انسوالWhen the sun moves from its zenith (midday).
Ziyarah زَارجVisiting. Usually refers to visiting Madinah.