Backyard-Vermicomposting-Presentation

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					Composting Workshop
     One Simple Act
 In Alberta, what material makes up the majority of
                 household waste?

A: Organics/Yard Waste



B: Beverage Containers



C: Paper
       Residential Waste Disposal (2002)
            (Source: NRCAN 2006)



      Plastics, 10%
     Metal, 2%                                   The average Albertan
   Glass, 3%
                                                 disposes 289 kg
                                     Organics,   of residential waste
Paper, 21%                             49%
                                                 every year


    Other, 12%
                 Hazardous Renovation,
                 Waste, 11%   2%
       Composting
Recycling organic materials
Images courtesy Dr. Riley Kinman, University of Cincinnati
What happens to
organics at a landfill
site?
Greens   Water   Browns




          Soil
Repeat until no more material



   Shovel of soil
   5-10 cm Greens

    Wet the pile

   5-10 cm dried browns

   5 cm of twigs
BUILD YOUR OWN
  COMPOST BIN
www.edmonton.ca/waste “Composting Bins You Can Build”
    Continue Layering
      Save your browns!


 Add moisture as needed




            Mix often to speed the process
“The more effort you put in the more compost you’ll get out”
When is my compost ready to use?

            Uses
Mulch
Compost Tea
Add to potted plants
Add to garden soil or spread around trees
              Nutrient rich soil enhancer
Saves money                                 Holds moisture
        Symptom                          Problem                              Solution
       Smells like eggs               Too much moisture          Add dry ingredients

                                  Too compact not enough air     Mix often

     Smells like ammonia          Too much Nitrogen (green)      Add more browns (carbon) and mix

 Process is slow (compost can       Not enough surface area      Shred or break organics in to
take anywhere from 3-12mths)                                     smaller pieces (less than 20-25cm)

                                 Wrong material has been added   Don’t add any grains, cooked meat
 Critters are interested in my                                   or bones
            compost
                                      Organic are exposed        Make sure food is covered with soil
                                                                 or a layer of brown
Winter is coming – Process has      Temperature is too cold      Continue to add to your compost
      slowed or stopped                                          bin. If bin is full start a new bin or
                                                                 store materials. Process will begin
                                                                 again in the spring.
Vermicomposting   Grasscycling
                                   Worms have blood.
Worms cannot see.


      If a worm is cut in half both parts will grow back.



                        Worms have teeth.
Compost year round
                            Castings make an excellent
                            soil conditioner



                                           Limited space



                                  Educational experience

Diverts waste from the landfill
The Container
The Bedding
The Worms
  Eisentia fetida
“You have too many worms when more than one-fifth of your bin is worms”
Build a Vermicompost Bin
Regularly   In Moderation
Weekly    Cover




Monitor   Mark area
Migration Method                 Easy Method




                   Cone Method
 “My compost smells awful!”


            “I have a fruit fly infestation”


“I have moldy food in my vermicompost bin”


                “My pile is sopping wet!”
Questions/Comments?




  www.onesimpleact.alberta.ca

				
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posted:11/5/2010
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