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History at Key Stage 2

Unit 4:   Why do we remember
          Florence Nightingale?
Unit 4: Why do we remember Florence Nightingale?                    History

 Do you know who these
 people are?

 Do you know why they are
 famous?
                                      David Beckham
                                                             Queen Elizabeth
                                        Footballer
                                                                Monarch




   Margaret      Beyoncé Knowles         Albert Einstein         Will Smith
   Thatcher
                    Pop star                Scientist          Pop star/Actor
   Politician
                Unit 4: Why do we remember Florence Nightingale?
Unit 4: Why do we remember Florence Nightingale?                   History
 This is a
 picture of
 Florence
 Nightingale,
 who was
 famous a long
 time ago
 Look at the
 clothes she is
 wearing, the
 place she is in
 and what she is
 doing

 What do you think her job is?
 How long ago do you think she lived?

                Unit 4: Why do we remember Florence Nightingale?
Unit 4: Why do we remember Florence Nightingale?                   History

  Florence was asked to go to the Crimea because:

   1. There was a war

   2. Many soldiers were injured and in hospital

   3. The hospitals were dirty and many soldiers were
      dying of diseases

   4. They needed someone to organise the nurses and
      look after the injured soldiers.




                Unit 4: Why do we remember Florence Nightingale?
Unit 4: Why do we remember Florence Nightingale?                    History
 How do you think Florence Nightingale got from Britain to
 Scutari in the Crimea?


      Britain




                                                               The Crimea

  She
  travelled
  by boat




                Unit 4: Why do we remember Florence Nightingale?
Unit 4: Why do we remember Florence Nightingale?                   History

 Look at these pictures. What is happening in them?




  Which picture is NOT of Florence Nightingale?
  How do you know?

                Unit 4: Why do we remember Florence Nightingale?
Unit 4: Why do we remember Florence Nightingale?                    History

                                    There was no
      Many soldiers                 soap, or clean
      were injured, so              towels, or hot
      the hospital was              water
      very crowded
                                                         There were no
                                                         clean clothes, the
  There wasn’t much                                      injured soldiers lay
  good food, often it                                    in their dirty
  was old and rotten.                                    uniforms.


                                                      The hospital was
  There were no beds                                  dirty, and many
  so the soldiers had                                 soldiers died from
  to lie on the floor                                 diseases like cholera
                                                      and typhus

                Unit 4: Why do we remember Florence Nightingale?
Unit 4: Why do we remember Florence Nightingale?                   History
  Before Florence                        After Florence

 Nurses were poor women                 Nurses were well trained and
 with no training                       were respected

 Hospitals were dirty and               Hospitals were cleaner and
 diseases spread easily                 more hygienic

 Many soldiers died from                Fewer soldiers died from
 diseases and infection                 diseases and infection

 There were no medical                  Florence kept records of
 records                                patients and wrote to the
                                        families of soldiers who died

 Nurses were not                        Florence became the second
 respected                              most famous woman in Britain,
                                        after Queen Victoria.

                Unit 4: Why do we remember Florence Nightingale?
Unit 4: Why do we remember Florence Nightingale?                     History

  How do we know about Florence Nightingale?


                       History                                Newspapers
                       Books




                   Florence’s                                      Paintings
                   Journal




                Unit 4: Why do we remember Florence Nightingale?
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