VIEWS: 4 PAGES: 4 POSTED ON: 11/5/2010
?Vein, varicose veins of lower extremity, pregnancy, and skin ?Varicose veins of lower extremities ? What are varicose veins? Varicose veins of lower extremities is peripheral vascular disease in common. Due to various reasons cause venous pressure causes the vein to the tortuous and expansion. In early may not apply, as the disease progresses, there may be a long time after the affected limb or walk the sour, fatigue, or you can have a leg cramp attack. Stand, limb and tortuous, appears dilated veins, solid ball, long sick can be obtained from the foot boots (under the front leg) Stasis Dermatitis, skin pigmentation, hardened and chronic ulcer, secondary varicose vein of thrombophlebitis. Guangdong provincial people's hospital blood vessels of thyroid surgery Peng Lim abdominal wall hernias Pathogenesis: varicose veins As a result of congenital vein is weak and venous valve dysplasia or missing, or the cause of acquired long-term work, like the long standing, overwork, wash cold water from the cold stimulus, major surgery, trauma, such as pregnancy, valve does not close properly, or vein weak cannot normally withstand the pressure inside the vein and extreme and expansion, and result in lower extremity deep venous valve regurgitation of relativity, regurgitation of venous valve pressure further enhances the distal vein, with the passage of time leads to the distal vein expansion, extension, circuitous, Venous Stasis (blood stasis), vein damage incidence of elastic fibers. Diagnostic criteria: varicose veins (1) have a long standing history of abdominal pressure increases and, or family history of varicose veins. (2) patients with venous obvious the tortuous expansion, to stand. (3) deep vein patency, saphenous vein insufficiency, there may be a perforating vein insufficiency. (4) Doppler or venography as shown in the expansion of the saphenous vein the tortuous, valvular insufficiency. (5) may be associated with pigmentation, ulcer, thrambosis, bleeding, ulcers and other complications. Varicose complications: 1. thrambosis; 2. the superficial vein hemorrhage; 3. congestion- dermatitis; 4. secondary infection; 5. the congestion of the ulcer. How to prevent varicose veins? Varicose veins of prevention is to strengthen the wall, the protection of the superficial veins, specific measures are: (1) shall conduct appropriate physical exercise, strengthen the body's physical condition, can serve to strengthen the wall. (2) the work has long been engaged in standing or manual workers, wearing stretch socks set of protection, so that the veins can be collapsed State; (3) long standing workers, it should be stressed that the work of gymnastics, or move around frequently, at least more ankle flexion of the gastrocnemius muscle can play an effective role in the promotion of lower extremity pump blood return to relieve the pressure inside the superficial vein. If varicose veins of lower extremities have occurred, it is important to early treatment of vascular surgery, the doctor, take reasonable treatment methods to avoid serious leg ulcer complications. What is the treatment of varicose veins? With regard to the treatment of varicose veins, by color or venography b-effective means of checking, clear etiology is develop different treatment methods. (1) non-surgical therapy: mainly include the affected limb wearing stretch socks or elastic bandage. Applies to the following condition: ① lesions limited, to a lesser extent without symptoms; ② pregnancy symptoms, given after birth tend to disappear, non- surgical therapy; ③ estimated operation tolerance range. (2) hardening agent injection and compression therapy: Sclerosing agents such as 5% of cod liver oil from intravascular injection, due to the injection site, never in the groin area of greater saphenous vein injection, cannot fundamentally treatment for varicose veins, a simple application in higher recurrence rate and, therefore, applies only to the following simple knee lesions can also be used as a secondary treatment is surgery to deal with the stripping is the residue of varicose veins. (3) surgical therapy: this is the treatment of varicose veins of the fundamental way. No symptoms, as long as there are no contraindications, such as poor tolerance of surgery, surgical treatment should be. Clinical surgical methods most commonly used is a varicose large (small) saphenous vein stripping, surgical methods are basically divided into three steps: ① ligation of the saphenous or lesser saphenous vein; ② varicose saphenous stripping or lesser saphenous vein; ③ ligation of the insufficiency of the veins; 4, laser treatment of varicose veins, microwave treatment, such as intravenous treatment, minimally invasive methods have certain effects and indications, according to the illness by doctors and patients together to choose the most appropriate method. Keywords: ?Vein, varicose veins of lower extremity, pregnancy, and skin
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