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Michelle Draft Policy Banyule Activity Centre with highlighted changes

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					                          DRAFT (updated 26 October 2010)
            BANYULE ACTIVITY CENTRE CAR PARKING POLICY

1.       Policy Application
This is a long term (10 to 30 year), general policy applying to all Activity Centres in Banyule,
including surrounding areas that may be affected by or influence car parking supply and
demand within nearby centres. Individual parking plans will be developed for each Activity
Centre over time and in consultation with all relevant stakeholders in each Activity Centre,
including residents, traders, employees and visitors to the area. Parking changes would only
be implemented where there is a recognized or potential issue and stakeholder input is
considered.


2.       Policy Vision
Our Activity Centres will evolve as accessible places where car parking supply and
management compliments environmental, social and local economic vitality to attain a
sustainable future where car parking is valued, efficient, integrated and supporting
sustainable transport outcomes within a pedestrian prioritised urban environment.


3.       Policy Purpose
The purpose of this policy is to:

     •   Provide a general starting point policy for each Activity Centre.
         Recognise Activity Centres as destinations for transport trips to enable local economic
         growth, community health and wellbeing.
         Acknowledge car parking as a valued and finite commodity.
         Apply a strategic approach to car parking supply and management to recognize the
         competing needs of different users.
         Protect residential areas close to Activity Centres from intrusion of carparking
         associated with commercial and higher density residential uses.
         Recognize that in areas of intense development in Activity Centres – commercial or
         residential – restricted rates of carparking will be provided, in keeping with the local
         alternative sustainable transport provisions.
         Support a greater proportion of sustainable transport trips for walking, cycling, and
         public transport, to and within activity centres.
(A schematic illustration of the policy purpose is provided at the end of the document)


4.       Policy Context
Melbourne 2030 identifies Activity Centres as the preferred locations for most commercial,
housing, retail and services growth in metropolitan Melbourne. This will enable a greater
proportion of the local community to easily access public transport, leisure & entertainment,


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shopping and employment opportunities. It is here that major change will take place and
where demand for business, retail and housing will be greatest. How people access Activity
Centres, whether by foot, bicycle, public transport, private car or other means, has major
implications for future economic, environmental and social outcomes.

This policy will build on the Vision and Objectives in the Banyule City Plan 2009-2013, in
particular:

     Managing our built environment to achieve better places, transport and infrastructure while
     protecting and enhancing Banyule’s valued characteristics; and
     Supporting the development of a thriving and sustainable local economy that will
     contribute to prosperity for Banyule and its people.

The Banyule Integrated Transport Strategy (2003) acknowledges that car parking policy
must facilitate a gradual decrease in the rate of car parking supply, to improve non car-based
transport in accessible places such as Activity Centres. Council recognises that ongoing
supply of car parking spaces, at current rates (as per Section 52.06 of the Planning Scheme)
is unsustainable. If future development in Banyule is accompanied solely by car park
construction at current rates, traffic will increase, roads will become inadequate,
environmental quality will deteriorate, access will decline and economic viability will be
affected. This does not mean that access to parking, and the location and at times even
supply of it, should not be improved, but that all parking initiatives need to be part of a
sustainable agenda for activity centres and neighbouring residential areas.

Council’s Environment Policy and Greenhouse Action Strategy recognise the importance
of local action for climate change. This includes giving support to increased sustainable
transport patronage in the City.

Council’s Municipal Heath & Safety Plan includes goals to promote community health and
wellbeing. These goals recognize the importance of enabling effective pedestrian movement
in places where people meet and connect with each other.

Structure Plans for individual activity centres are providing strategic frameworks to consider
specific place-based objectives for transport. In particular the definition of Pedestrian Priority
Precincts, where the guiding principles described in this policy will inform decision-making.

5.      Policy Principles
The provision of car parking spaces is an essential element of sustainable access for people.
This policy applies a holistic approach in enabling an efficient and effective mix and car
parking spaces within and near Banyule’s activity centres. Outcomes for environmental
sustainability, social equity and local economic vitality will be guided by the following
principles.

> Principle 1: Enable Sustainable Development
  The accepted definition for sustainable development, from the Brundtland Report Our
  Common Future, is “Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the
  present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”
  This definition will be used as a guiding principle for decision making.



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> Principle 2: Apply a Hierarchy of Transport Need
    Activity Centres are destinations, where people meet, move, recreate, access services and
    do business. Regardless of the transport mode used to arrive or leave a centre, most, if
    able, will need to walk to their final destination.
    A hierarchy of transport modes will support local economic growth by maximising people
    movement through streets in a pedestrian friendly environment to support a growing retail,
    office, and other business sectors that provide local jobs. This hierarchy is represented by
    the following.




    This hierarchy will be used as a guiding principle for decision-making.

> Principle 3: Apply the Precautionary Principle
  Individual land use, social, cultural or transport planning decisions within a defined precinct
  will be subordinate to the strategic need to establish activity centres as vibrant places for
  people and businesses. This requires decision makers, particularly those involved in
  planning, design and construction of transport infrastructure, to apply the Precautionary
  Principle in their decision-making. Put broadly, for transport planning decisions:

    Step 1: Any decision-making for a specific transport mode, must:
    a) Initially assess impacts on all other modes.
    b) Avoid detrimental impacts on higher-order modes.
    c) Manage impacts on lower-order modes.

    Step 2: The Precautionary Principle applies, whereby detrimental impact exists for any
    known or unknown risk, unless risk-assessment proves there is no risk.

    Step 3: Assessment of detrimental impact must consider environmental, social/cultural and
    economic factors. This must be done within a context that improves and protects higher-
    order transport modes.

6.       Policy Objectives
•        Create activity centres as thriving “people places”, which will be safe, attractive and
         easy to use.
•        Integrate parking policy with other transport and land use strategies and plans, to
         achieve a mutually supportive, city-wide transport system.
•        Apply the guiding principles described in this policy in any car parking decision making.
•        Protect existing residential areas from commercial and other spill-over parking.


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•      New residential developments within the Activity Centres shall not impact on parking
       availability for commercial and services users.
•      Provide car parking and vehicle access at an appropriate level and in appropriate
       locations to ensure vehicular connectivity, and ensure that there is appropriate car
       parking available within Banyule for retail, commercial and residential needs.
•      Utilise parking and parking management as an effective travel demand management
       tool for achieving wider transport planning objectives.
•      Ensure that available car parking is best managed to enable appropriate turnover and
       usage of the parking space.
•      Use parking controls to encourage the take-up of alternative modes of transport –
       walking, cycling and public transport – particularly for those trips of less than 2km.
•      Ensure there are high quality facilities for pedestrians, cyclists, people with a mobility
       disability, public transport patrons and all other users of Activity Centres and major
       business/community hubs.
•      Raise local community and business awareness of the impacts of parking choices and
       habits. In particular, raise awareness of the social, environmental and economic
       impacts that influences sustainable transport and provision of car parking.


7.     Policy Implementation

The activity centre car parking policy and strategy articulate a long term vision for car parking
within Banyule. The implementation of this strategy is intended to be through the
development of individual activity centre parking plans.

The definitions of zones and strategy actions within each zone are techniques for managing
parking that should be tailored to each activity centre. The zone definitions and strategy
actions may be varied to better fit the timing of the needs of each individual activity centre,
including possible intermediate measures.

This strategy will be implemented by pursuing the following elements:
1.     Improving on-street car parking space management, so available spaces are used
       more efficiently to enable appropriate turnover.
2.     Revising Residential Parking Permit schemes for any residential area within generally
       20 minutes walk of an activity centre core, to enable equitable access for on-street
       residential parking.
3.     Enabling higher-density car parking in preferred off-street locations, within generally
       less than 5 minutes walk or 400 metres of the activity centre’s core. The design of any
       new or modified car parking facility will consider mixed-land use outcomes, signage &
       wayfinding and other works to support efficient access to and avoid all detrimental
       impacts on pedestrian environments.
4.     Implementing programs and infrastructure that will encourage and enable travel
       behaviour change that increases a propensity for walking, cycling and using public
       transport.



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6.       A reduced rate of on-site car parking for new developments (below the current
         requirements of Section 52.06 of the planning Scheme), coupled with an increased
         commitment to delivering sustainable transport.
7.       A regular program of monitoring and review, and adjustment to the policy elements
         mix, where needed.
These elements will be implemented by enabling:
     −   Activity Centre Car Parking Strategies that are informed by this policy and structure
         planning.
     −   Integration with any Community Access Plan that is created for individual activity
         centres to guide the future scope, location and design of access works for any activity
         centre.
     −   Integration with any Developer Contributions Plan, or other funding model that is
         created to enable funding and supply of transport infrastructure for activity centres.
     −   Coordinated implementation through a “Place Management Approach” for activity
         centres. This anticipates a hands-on and cooperative involvement of various
         stakeholders by a Place Manager.
     −   Decision making for planning applications and permit conditions will be consistent with
         this policy and its objectives.
     Resourcing and budgetary implications will need to be considered to enable
     implementation and prioritize actions.


8.       Human Rights Charter


In accordance with Section 28 of the Charter of Human Rights, the Banyule Activity Centre
Car Parking Policy is assessed as being compatible with the human rights protected by the
charter. This assessment is based on a Statement of Compatibility of the Human Rights
protected by the Charter that are relevant to the Policy.




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