Surah Al-Bayyinah

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Surah Al-Bayyinah Powered By Docstoc
					 ‫س٘سح‬
  ‫اىجْٞخ‬
‫‪Tafsir‬‬
)
    )
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        )

    )

    )
        )

            )
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    • ٌ‫ى‬
    • Used for negation of
       the past
    • ً.‫ىٌ + ع‬
       ‫ت‬
    • ُ َٕ‫ ٝز‬he goes
    • ْ‫ ىٌ ٝزٕت‬he did not go
                        )
  ُ
• ُ ٘‫مبُ ٝن‬
   – Lit. he was
   – The verb ‘to be’
• Why a kasrah?
       ُ        ُ
   – ِْ‫ىٌ + ٝن٘ ُ = ىٌ َٝن‬
   – Takes kasrah to join
      the ‫ ه‬in ِٝ‫اىز‬
)
    • What does ِٝ‫ اىز‬mean?
       – These
       – Their
       – Those
    • Answer: those
    • Related words
       – ٛ‫ اىز‬who (m)
       – ٜ‫ اىز‬who (f)
       – ِٝ‫ اىز‬those / who (pl.)
)
    • Root Idea
      – To hide
    • Use
      – A farmer: hides seeds in
        the ground
      – The night: hides someone
        in its darkness
      – Covering of a fruit: hides
        the fruit
    • Disbeliever
      – Hides Allah’s bounties
)
    • ٍِ from
      – Coming from
      – I came from the house
      – ‫جئذ ٍِ اىجٞذ‬
      – From amongst
      – َِٞ‫أّذ ٍِ اىَسي‬
      – From ِٞٞ‫ ىيزج‬clarification
)
    • ‫إٔو‬
      – Lit. people
        ‫و ْذ‬
      – ِ َٞ‫ إْٔ ُ اىج‬family of the
        Prophet (S)
          ‫ُ ّج‬
      – ‫ : إْٔو اىش ُو‬wife
         ْ‫و س‬
      – ‫ : إْٔ ُ اى ّ ّخ‬People of the
        Sunnah
)
    • Meaning
       – Lit. something written
    • ‫إٔو اىنزبة‬
       – Christians and Jews
       – Because of the Injeel
         and Torah
       – Changed
)
    • ِٞ‫ٗ + اىَششمِٞ = ٗاىَششم‬
    • ٗ
       – And
    • ‫اىَششك‬
       – A person who does shirk
       – Idol worshippers of
         Arabia
)
    • Meaning
      – To break up
      – To come apart
    • Root
        ‫ل‬       ٓ‫ض إ‬         ‫َف ّق‬
      – ّ ‫ر َش َذْ أجْ َا ُ ُ : اّف‬
)
    • Meaning?
      – Because
      – Until
      – That
    • Answer
      – until
‫)‬
    ‫‪Words‬‬
      ‫رؤرٜ + ٌٕ = رؤرٌٖٞ‬
    ‫رؤرٜ‬
      ‫أرٚ ٝؤرٜ ارٞبُ : جبء‬
      ‫‪to come‬‬
       ‫آرٚ ‪ v‬أرٚ‬
)
    Root
      clarification
    Meaning
      Everything that clarifies
      the truth
      ٌ‫انبَىت عهي انمدع‬
    Note the ‫ اه‬in ‫اىجْٞخ‬
‫مفشٗا ٍِ •‬
   ‫ٍششمُ٘ ‪ and‬إٔو اىنزبة ‪– Both‬‬
     ‫مفبس ‪are‬‬
‫إو اىنزبة ‪• Are the‬‬
  ‫?‪mushriks‬‬
   ‫–‬          ‫َق َ‬            ‫ُ ْش‬               ‫َق َ‬
          ‫{ ٗ َبىذِ اىٖٞ٘د عضَٝ ٌ اثِ اهلل ٗ َبىذْ‬
       ‫اىْصبسٙ اىَسٞح اثِ اهلل رىل قَْ٘ى ٌُ ثؤفْ َا ٌِِْٖ‬
            ‫ُٖ َِ ٘ ٕ‬                                               ‫1‬
               ‫و ق رٌَٖ‬              ‫م َش‬        ‫ٝض ئ ُ ه‬
       ‫ُ َبِٕ ُ٘ َ قَْ٘ َ اىزِٝ َف ُٗاْ ٍِِ قَجْ ُ َب َي ُ ُ اهلل‬
        ‫أ ج سٕ َس ج َٖ َ ث ب‬                       ‫ٝ ْ َن ُ‬
        ‫أّٚ ُئف ُ٘ َ ارخزٗا َحْ َب َ ٌُْ ٗ ُْٕ َبّ ٌُْ أسْ َبثً‬
        ‫ّال‬             ‫َ ٌ ٍَ‬
        ‫ِِ ُُِٗ اهلل ٗاىَسٞح اثِ ٍشَْٝ َ ٗ َآ أٍشٗا اِ َ‬    ‫ٍ د‬
         ‫ّال ٕ٘ س ح َٔ ََ‬                 ‫ٗ ا ّال‬
       ‫ىٞعجذٗا اىٖب َاحِذً َ اىٔ اِ َ ُ َ ُجْ َبّ ُ ع َب‬
                                ‫ٝ ْشم‬
        ‫ُش ِ َُُ٘ } [ اىز٘ثخ : 03-13 ]‬
   ‫‪– Yes‬‬
‫?‪• Difference: Verb v noun‬‬
         ‫‪• Verb: Occurrence‬‬
         ‫‪• Noun: Continuity‬‬
• ِٞ‫ٍْفن‬
   – To break apart
   – Or to be left alone                                1
• But from what?
   – Their kufr
   – Recognising the coming
     Prophet
           ‫و ُ ّش ا ب َس ل ٍ ْت م ب د‬
      • ًِ ْ‫{ َمبَ ِرً ِر ُو ٍ َأ ٌِ ِه َع‬
                             ‫أ د‬
        ] 6 : ‫اسمه َحْمَ ُ } [ انصف‬
             ْ ‫ٍ رف وه كم ٍ رف ن َ ْ ءه‬
      • [ } ‫{ َعْ ِ ُو َ ُ َ َا َعْ ِ ُو َ أبىَا َ ُم‬
        ] 146 : ‫انبقرة‬
   – Left without limits (ties)
               ‫أ ُ َك س‬            ‫َ سب‬
      • [ } ‫أٍَحْ َ ُ اإلوسان َن ٍتْر َ ُدًى‬
        ] 36 : ‫انقَامت‬
‫)‬
    ‫‪Meaning‬‬
       ‫‪a messenger‬‬
    ‫?’‪Why not ‘the messenger‬‬
       ‫اىشس٘ه ٍِ اهلل‬
       ‫ٍِ اهلل سس٘ه‬
       ‫‪Emphasis‬‬
    ‫?اىجْٞخ ‪ in‬اه ‪Remember the‬‬
       ‫اه ىــ رعشٝف ٗ رفخٌٞ‬
       ‫ّنشح رؤرٜ ىيزفخٌٞ أٝضب‬
       ‫فىكر بعد انتعرٍف‬
       ‫:‪Example‬‬
                ‫{ ُو انعرش انمجَد } [ انبروج : 51 ]‬ ‫ذ‬
                                   ‫فع ل‬
                ‫ثم قال : { َ َا ٌ } [ انبروج : 61 ]‬
    ‫‪Compare‬‬
       ‫كم األشَاء‬             ‫‪All the things‬‬
       ‫كم شٌء‬                 ‫‪Every thing‬‬
)

    From
)

    ‫ىفظ اىجالىخ‬
    The comprehensive
       name of Allah
    No female version
    No plural
)
    ٘‫رال ٝزي‬
        to recite
    To whom?
        by himself
        to others
    What?
        ‫ – رالٗح اىنيَبد‬the words
        ّٜ‫ – رالٗح اىَعب‬the meanings
        ً‫ – رالٗح األحنب‬the commands
)

    ‫صحفب‬
       plural of ‫صحٞفخ‬
       Pages (of the Quran)
)
    ‫ٍطٖشح‬
       cleaned, purified
    From what?
       Shirk
       Kufr
       Falsehood
       Contradiction
       Lowness of manners
)

    Words
     ‫فٜ + ٕب = فٖٞب‬
)

    Words
       ‫ُز‬
     ‫ م ُت‬plural of ‫مزبة‬
    Meaning
     ‫ مزبة‬lit. means written
     ‘written things’
)
    • Meaning
        – Straight
        – No twists and turns
    • ً٘‫قبً ٝق‬
        – to stand
    • What happens when you stand?
        – You are established
        – Firm
    • What is ‫?قَٞخ‬
        – ٔ‫ : قٌٞ ثْفس‬Tawheed, descriptions, no
          contradictions …
        – ٓ‫ : ٍقٌٞ ىغٞش‬Commands to do good, prayer,
          zakah, hajj …
)
    and
)
    ‫ٍب‬
         of negation
         negating the verb
         after it
)
     ‫ش‬
    ‫رف ّق‬
      separation, disunity
)
    who
)
    Remember ?
      ٚ‫? = أر‬
            to come
      ٚ‫? = آر‬
            to give
      ‫آر٘ا‬
            they gave
      ‫أٗر٘ا‬
            those who are given to
)
    The book
)
    except
)
    ٍِ
      from
    ‫ثعذ‬
      after
    ‫ٍِ ثعذ‬
      after
)
    ‫ٍب‬
         what
)
    ٌٖ‫جبءد + ٌٕ = جبءر‬
    ‫جبء‬
       to come (he/it came)
    ‫جبءد‬
       She/it came
    ٌٕ
       them
)
    Why mentioned again?
     Mentioned initially
     Difference bet. ِٞ‫ٍششم‬
     and ‫?إٔو اىنزبة‬
    Denial of the truth
     Despite their
     knowledge
‫ٍٗب‬
   ‫ٗ + ٍب‬
   ٗ = and
   ‫ = ٍب‬negation
‫أٍشٗا‬
   ‫ أٍش‬he ordered
   ‫اش‬
   َ ٍُِ he was ordered
        ٍ
   ‫ أ َشٗا‬they ordered
   ‫ أٍشٗا‬they were ordered
‫اّال‬
       except




       to

       worship
Meaning
 Allah
Root word
 ‫ أخيص‬to be sincere
 ‫ ٍخيص‬the one who is
 sincere
 ِٞ‫ ٍخيص‬plural of ‫ٍخيص‬
• Words
   – ٔ‫ه + ٓ = ى‬
   –‫ه‬
        • For
   –ٓ
        • him
        • ٓ+‫ه‬
• ِٝ‫اه + دِٝ = اىذ‬
   – religion
• Root
       ‫ح‬
  – ‫َْْف‬
     • To lean away from evil and
       towards good
       ‫ج‬
  – ‫َْْف‬
     • Opposite
Root
   ً‫ أقب‬to establish, to perfect
‫اىصالح‬
   Lit. ‫دعبء‬
   Contains ‫دعبء‬
   ‫اىصالح‬
        general
        Obligatory & Nawafil
   ‫مثشح اىْ٘افو ٍِ اقبٍخ اىصالح‬
• ٚ‫ أر‬or ٚ‫? آر‬
• ‫اىضمبح‬
  – ٘‫ صمب ٝضم‬increase due to the
    blessings of Allah
• Why is ‫صمبح‬
  – Hoping for the increase in
    the blessings of Allah
  – Purification
• Words
  – ‫ٗ + رىل‬
• ٗ
  – And
• ‫رىل‬
  – that
• ِٝ‫د‬
  – Religion
• ‫اىقَٞخ‬
• Difference between ‫ق٘اٍخ‬
         ٞ
  and ‫? ق َّخ‬
  – Both mean straight
  – ‫ قَٞخ‬utmost straight
Thank
 you