what does the literary device foreshadowing mean by johnmccargo

VIEWS: 1,327 PAGES: 4

									     Literary Lexicon
                                   A.K.A.: Literary Terms

         Allusion                              Irony                           Symbolism
   A reference to a literary,             A contrast between           The use of any object, person
  mythological, or historical       appearance and reality-usually     place or action that both has a
    person, place, or thing            one in which reality is the         meaning in itself an that
                                     opposite from what it seems;        stands for something larger
                                    when one thing is expected to       than itself, such as a quality,
                                      happen or be, and the exact          attitude, belief, or value
                                           opposite happens

    Foreshadowing                           Epiphany                               Setting
 The use in a literary work of      An even in which the essential     The background against which
 clues that suggest events that        nature of something – a               action takes place
       have yet to occur            person, a situation, an object –    The geographical location
                                                                        The occupations and daily manner of
                                     is suddenly understood in a          living of the characters
                                          new way; a sudden             The time or period in which the action
                                        realization; an “ah ha”            takes place
                                                                        The general environment of the
                                                moment                   characters, ie social, moral, emotional

         Suspense                              Motif                            Archetype
 The quality of a literary work        A recurrent element in a        A type of character, action, or
that makes the reader uncertain      literary work. A pattern or       situation that occurs over and
 or tense about the outcome of           strand of imagery or            over in literature, a pattern
             events                    symbolism in a work of           that occurs in literature and
                                               literature                             life

            Tone                              Theme                         Point of View
The writer’s attitude or feeling     A central message or insight       The perspective from which
 toward a person, a thing, a        into life revealed through the           the story is told.
 place, an event or situation       literary work. A lesson about             (1st, 3rd limited,
                                             life or people                   3rd omniscient)

           Mood                             Repetition                              Detail
  The feeling created in the           A device in which words,         Facts revealed by the author
 reader by a literary work or        sounds, and/or ideas are used       or speaker that support the
           passage                    more than once to enhance         attitude or tone in the work
                                    rhythm and to create emphasis
               IMAGERY                                              EMPHASIS
The words or phrases a writer uses to represent    When important aspects of a story are given
 persons, objects, actions, feelings, and ideas   important positions and in-depth development
 descriptively by appealing to the five senses      Emphasis is created by the use of:
  (sight, sound, smell, taste, and touch). An        Abundant detail
author may also use animal imagery, as well as       Contrast
           light and/or dark imagery                 Mechanical devices such as
                                                      capitalization, italics, symbols, and/or
                                                      different colors of ink

CHARACTERIZATION                            Motivation                               Dynamic
The methods used by an author to        A reason that explains a                     Character
create a character, including:           character’s thoughts,
                                                                           A character that undergoes
  The character’s physical                feelings, actions, or
                                                                           a change in actins or beliefs
     appearance                                 behavior
                                                                           during the course of a story
  The character’s own speech,
     thoughts, actions, and/or              Protagonist
     feelings                                                                         Static
                                        The central character, and
  Other character’s speech,                                                          Character
                                         focus of interest who is
     thoughts, actions, and/or                                               A character that does not
                                         trying to accomplish or
     feelings about the character                                           grow or change throughout
                                       overcome an adversity, and
  Direct comments by the author                                                the story, that ends as
                                        has the ability to adapt to
     about the character                                                            he/she began
                                           new circumstances

                                       The character opposing the
                                         protagonist; can be a
                                         person, idea, or force

           DICTION                                            Denotation
            Word choice.                      The specific dictionary definition of a word
  An author often chooses a word
  because it suggests a connotative                          Connotation
 meaning that comes from its use in
                                        The emotions or associations a word normally arouses in
      various social contexts.
                                              people using, hearing, or reading the word.
                                                   A word may have a POSITIVE,
                                               NEGATIVE, or NEUTRAL connotation
    FIGURES OF                             Simile                      Personification
      SPEECH                     A comparison of two different      Writing that gives animals,
                                 things or ideas through the use   inanimate objects, or abstract
                                    of the words LIKE or AS         ideas human characteristics
Words or phrases that describe
     one thing in terms of
   something else; always                Metaphor                         Hyperbole
     involve some sort of         A comparison of two unlike        A deliberate, extravagant and
    imaginary comparison           things not using like or as     often outrageous exaggeration;
  between seemingly unlike                                         may be used for either serious
things; not meant to be taken               Idiom                          or comic effect
                                    An accepted phrase or
                                 expression having a meaning                   Pun
                                   different from the literal         A play on words that are
                                                                    identical or similar in sound
                                        Oxymoron                     but have sharply different
                                                                     meanings. Puns can have
                                    A form of paradox that
                                                                    serious as well as humorous
                                  combines a pair of opposite
                                  terms into a single unusual

      CONFLICT                     Character vs. Self              Character vs. Nature
                                 When a character must make a         When a character has a
   A struggle between two         decision about a problem or         problem with a force of
       opposing forces             struggle he is having with       nature, such as cold, storms,
                                            himself                       earthquakes, etc.

                                      Character vs.                  Character vs. Fate
                                       Character                      When a character has a
                                                                    problem with something he
                                    When a character has a
                                                                   can’t do anything about, such
                                    problem with another
                                                                      as God, luck, death, etc.

                                 Character vs. Society
                                    When a character has a
                                  problem with a tradition or
                                        rule of society
The sequence of events or actions
in a short story, novel, play, or
narrative poem.

       Exposition                        Rising Action                    Falling Action
     The author lays the            The action and events that take     Events that occur after the
 groundwork for the story by        place in the story and build up   climax and lead up to closure
       revealing the :               to the critical moment when             and conclusion
   Setting                          the main conflict is confronted
   Relationships between the
   Situations as it exists before
     conflict begins

   Inciting Incident                          Climax                       Denouement
   Interrupts the peace and          The most critical moment in        The problem set up in the
  balance of the situation and       the story; the point at which    inciting incident is unraveled;
 one or more of the characters         the main conflict is at its        there is a revelation of
comes into the conflict with an              highest point                        meaning
   outside force, himself, or
       another character

To top