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Civil Rights Movement - DOC

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									                                           HIS 390 (CRN 45220)

             Canisius College, Fall 2010, TR 8:30 am-9:45 am, Old Main 223
                   Dr. Bruce Dierenfield CT607 (888-2683) dierenfb@canisius.edu
           Office hours: MW 8:30 am-2:30 pm, TR 11:30 am-2 pm, F 11 am-2:30 pm & by appointment

                            “Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.”
                                           Martin Luther King, Jr.

Course Description
This is a history course on the post-World War II black civil rights movement, arguably the most
important reform in American history. It will trace the origin and development of the struggle as it
occurred on both the national and local levels. The course aims to evaluate the political and
socioeconomic plight of African Americans and to explore the ways in which prominent individuals,
grass roots groups, women, newspaper editors, legislators, judges, and presidents advanced or resisted
racial justice. Particular attention will also paid to the critical events of the civil rights movement, such
as the Brown decision, the Montgomery bus boycott, the integration of Central High School in Little
Rock, the Greensboro sit-ins, the Freedom Rides through the Deep South, the Albany Movement,
Project Confrontation in Birmingham, Freedom Summer, the Selma-to-Montgomery march, and the
wave of reaction to perceived negligible progress in the form of black nationalism and urban riots. The
course will conclude by considering the status of African Americans in today’s society. Several guest
speakers are planned, and an optional trip to the Deep South will take place over Spring Break.

1. Develop a clear understanding of the broad themes of the civil rights movement.
2. Acquire the ability to evaluate historical evidence, including news articles, oral history, and
   autobiographical accounts.
3. Improve communications skills through structured discussion and writing.

Learning Goals & Objectives for History Majors
Goal I: History majors will develop knowledge of historical content characterized by
               both breadth and depth.
Objectives: Students will demonstrate:
 1. A basic knowledge of the history of the United States, Europe, and one other geographic region
     (Africa, Asia, or Latin America)
2. A detailed knowledge of the history of the specific chronological or thematic areas they
      choose to study.

Goal II: History majors will develop skills in historical writing.
Objectives: Students will demonstrate ability to:
1. Compose a chronological narrative.
2. Ask a historical question, construct a thesis, and support it with historical evidence.
3. Locate and evaluate historical evidence in a variety of primary & secondary sources.
4. Use citation practices appropriate to the historical profession to document evidence found in a
     variety of sources.

Goal III: History majors will learn to think historically.
Objectives: Students will be able to:
1. Assess the significance of events, ideas, or artifacts in their historical context.
2. Distinguish cause and effect and recognize multiple causality in history.
3. Recognize and evaluate different historical interpretations.

       Senior History majors must email their papers to me, as well as submit them in hard copy.

The course will be taught largely chronologically and rest on three pillars--lecture, visual
presentations (esp. PowerPoint images & the award-winning Eyes on the Prize series), and discussion.

The requirements below are subject to change depending upon enrollment and student performance.
All students are strongly encouraged to attend out-of-class lectures, contribute to class discussion,
submit a short paper, and take the final exam. There are options with respect to the writing assignments.

Requirements (subject to change)                                                          Grading
1. Discussion                                                                             10%
2. Class quizzes (4)       T FEB 9, R MAR 4, R MAR 25, T APR 27                           40%
3. Papers (1)              R MAR 18                                                       20%
4. Final Exam              TBD for mid-May                                                30%

Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement, 2004, 2008 (rev. ed.)
Melba Pattillo Beals, Warriors Don’t Cry: A Searing Memoir of the Battle to Integrate
       Little Rock’s Central High, 1994
John Lewis, Walking with the Wind: A Memoir of the Movement, 1998
Frank Lambert, Battle of Ole Miss: Civil Rights v. States’ Rights, 2009
Martin Luther King, Jr., Why We Can’t Wait, 1964
Frank Sikora, Until Justice Rolls Down: The Birmingham Church Bombing Case, 1991
Unita Blackwell, Barefootin’: Life Lessons from the Road to Freedom, 2006

Attendance will be taken every class period with an attendance sheet. It is your responsibility to sign this
sheet. If you do not sign it, you are not there. Except in unusual & justified circumstances (as
determined by the instructor), you will be allowed three absences for whatever reason during the course
of the semester. Grade penalties for excessive absences include course failure. If you will miss more
than three classes, please inform me in advance of your absences.

Because of the disruption to the learning environment, students who are habitually late to class, who
take a break during class, who leave class before formal dismissal, or who use cell phones, iPods, or
other such electronic equipment during class will receive a stiff grade penalty.

Discussion (10 percent)
An indispensable part of the course will be class discussion. Students will be expected to complete the
assigned readings on time and to discuss them in large group settings. Discussion grades will be made
on the basis of instructor observation. Students are welcome to see the instructor about how to improve
their performance in discussion.

Testing (70 percent)
There will be two types of testing in this course—(a) quizzes and (b) a final examination. The quizzes
will consist of objective questions (mostly matching) and fill-in-the-blanks. The final exam, which will
be given at the scheduled time during final exam week, will consist of objective questions (matching,
true-false, fill-in-the-blank, and the like), and an essay question or two chosen from several choices. A
detailed study guide for the final exam will be distributed about a week before the final exam. Part of the
final exam will include questions from front & back matter in the text, e.g., glossary, chronology, maps,
and who‟s who.

As of now, there will be three speakers on the Civil Rights Movement this semester, including two
veteran activists and a prize-winning historian. One activist will appear during class time, and students
should attend at least one of the other presentations outside of class, i.e., SNCC founder Diane Nash
and/or historian Ray Arsenault. For extra credit (2½ percent), students may submit a 3-page typed
summary of/reaction to the presentation. Deadline: one week after the lecture. Make sure to keep a copy
of our paper, either on computer hard drive or as a photocopy.

 Date         Speaker         Topic                            Affiliation                   Place
 W JAN 27     Diane Nash      Legacy of the Civil Rights       SNCC                          Regis (7 pm)
 T MAR 2      Hank Thomas?    Freedom Rides                    SNCC/Deep South               OM 223 (10 am)
 Sa MAR 20    Ray Arsenault   Freedom Rides                    University of South Florida   OM 223 (10 am)
 T APR 20     Charles Cobb    Freedom Summer                   SNCC/Mississippi              OM 223 (10 am)

 Complete a 5-page paper on any of the following assignments:

 A. Oral history                       E. Pen biography                         I. Personal interview
 B. SNCC journal report                F. Book review                           J. Battle of Ole Miss documents
 C. Newspaper report                   G. Institutional history                 K. Selma documents
 D. FBI investigation                  H. Film review                           M. Chatroom report

                (A half grade bonus will be given for integrating at least two (2) sources,
                               e.g., an oral history and a biography.)

A.   Oral history
     Drawing upon at least two published and/or online interviews of civil rights activists, examine one of
     the significant events of the movement. For example, you might look at the Montgomery bus boycott
     through the eyes of E.D. Nixon and Jo Ann Robinson.

             Howell Raines, My Soul is Rested: The Story of the Civil Rights Movement in the
                 Deep South, 1977
             Henry Hampton, Voices of Freedom: An Oral History of the Civil Rights Movement
                 from the 1950s through the 1980s, 1990
             University of Southern Mississippi digital archive
             Mississippi Digital Library
             University of Virginia (Mississippi Burning: LBJ tapes & documents

B.   SNCC journal report
     Read three entire issues of Student Voice (SNCC‟s journal), which is available on microfilm in the
     Canisius library, and then analyze what you discover. For example, you might address the kinds of
     topics that the journal presents, the journal‟s editorial position, challenges faced by activists, and so
     on. Some issues of Student Voice can also be uploaded from www.crmvet.org/docs/sncc1.htm.

C.   Newspaper report
     Study the challenge & violence of Freedom Summer (1964) by reading at least ten (10)
     articles that are held by Miami University in Ohio. See http://digital.lib.muohio.edu/fs/

D.   FBI investigation
     Study the FBI‟s investigation, infiltration, and harassment of individuals and groups promoting black
     civil rights, black nationalism, or white supremacy. There are several excellent books on the FBI‟s
     war on black America, or one may go online at http://foia.fbi.gov/alpha.htm. The FBI‟s website has
     information on Black Muslims, Stokely Carmichael, Bull Connor, Deacons for Defense and Justice,
     W.E.B. Du Bois, Medgar Evers, Fred Hampton, Highlander Folk School, Martin Luther King, Ku
     Klux Klan, Viola Liuzzo, Thurgood Marshall, MIBURN (Mississippi Burning), Elijah Muhammad,
     Huey Newton, Mack Charles Parker, Revolutionary Action Movement, Paul Robeson.

E.   Pen Biography
     Write an overview of the life and civil rights activism/opposition of one of the following figures.
     While you may use internet sources, more weight will be given to the use of first-hand materials and
     reputable secondary works.

     Civil Rights Figures        James Meredith              White Supporters            Lillian Smith
     Ralph Abernathy             Clarence Mitchell           Jessie Daniel Ames          Harry Truman
     Ella Baker                  Anne Moody                  Sarah Patton Boyle          J. Waties Waring
     Harry Belafonte             Robert Moses                Will Campbell               Earl Warren
     Daisy Bates                 Harry T. Moore              Guy Candawan                Bob Zellner
     James Bevel                 Constance Baker             William Sloane              James Zwerg
     Unita Blackwell                 Motley                      Coffin
     Julian Bond                 Elijah Muhammad             Jonathan Daniels            Civil Rights Foes
     Amelia Boynton              Diane Nash                  John Doar                   Ross Barnett
     Oliver Brown                E.D. Nixon                  Clifford Durr               Theodore Bilbo
     Stokely Carmichael          Rosa Parks                  Virginia Durr               Sam Bowers
     James Chaney                Melba Pattillo              Andrew Goodman              Harry Byrd, Sr.
     Kenneth Clark               Adam Clayton                Jack Greenberg              Bob Chambliss
     Septima Clark                   Powell, Jr.             Sandra “Casey”              Jim Clark
     J.L. Delaine                Albert Raby                     Hayden                  Bull Connor
     W.E.B. Du Bois              A. Philip Randolph          Myles Horton                Harold Cox
     Medgar Evers                Gloria Richardson           Frank Johnson, Jr.          James Eastland
     James Farmer                Jo Ann Robinson             Nicholas Katzenbach         Sam Ervin, Jr.
     James Forman                Bayard Rustin               Robert Kennedy              Orval Faubus
     Fannie Lou Hamer            Charles Sherrod             Mary King                   J. Edgar Hoover
     Dorothy Height              Fred Shuttlesworth          Stanley Levison             James J. Kilpatrick
     Jimmie Lee Jackson          Ruby Doris Smith            Viola Liuzzo                Lester Maddox
     Joyce Ladner                Emmett Till                 Allard Lowenstein           John Patterson
     James Lawson, Jr.           C.T. Vivian                 Burke Marshall              Laurie Pritchett
     Herbert Lee                 Wyatt Tee Walker            A.J. Muste                  Richard Russell
     John Lewis                  Sheyann Webb                James Peck                  Robert Shelton
     Autherine Lucy              Roy Wilkins                 Joseph Rauh                 William Simmons
     Vivian Malone               Hosea Williams              James Reeb                  Howard W. Smith
     Thurgood Marshall           Andrew Young                Eleanor Roosevelt           Strom Thurmond
     Franklin McCain                                         Mickey Schwerner            George Wallace
     Floyd McKissick                                         John Seigenthaler

F. Book Review

     Read one of the following books by a participant in or scholar of the civil rights movement, and
     prepare a typed summary & analysis of it:
     Stephen Whitfield, A Death in the Delta: The Story of Emmett Till, 1988
     Douglas Brinkley, Rosa Parks, 2000
     David Garrow, ed., The Montgomery Bus Boycott and the Women Who Started It:
       The Memoir of Jo Ann Gibson Robinson, 1987
     Marshall Frady, Martin Luther King, Jr., 2002
     John Lewis, Walking with the Wind, 1998
     James Farmer, Lay Bare the Heart: An Autobiography of the Civil Rights Movement, 1985
     Melba Pattillo Beals, Warriors Don’t Cry, 1994
     William Doyle, An American Insurrection, 2001
     Martin Luther King, Jr., Why We Can’t Wait, 1964
     David Garrow, The FBI and Martin Luther King, Jr., 1981
     Sheyann Webb & Rachel West Nelson, Selma, Lord, Selma, 1980
     Frank Sikora, Until Justice Rolls Down: The Birmingham Church Bombing Case, 1991
     Stokely Carmichael, Ready for Revolution: The Life and Struggles of Stokely Carmichael, 2003
     Adam Nossiter, Of Long Memory: Mississippi and the Murder of Medgar Evers, 1994
     William Bradford Huie, Three Lives for Mississippi, 1965
     Kay Mills, This Little Light of Mine: The Life of Fannie Lou Hamer, 1993
     Anne Moody, Coming of Age in Mississippi, 1968
     Sally Belfrage, Freedom Summer, 1965
     H. Rap Brown, Die Nigger Die! A Political Autobiography, 1969

G.     Institutional history
       Write a report on one of the civil rights organizations or white supremacist groups listed
       Civil Rights Organizations
       ACMHR            Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights
       CCCO             Coordinating Council of Community Organizations
       CORE             Congress of Racial Equality
                        Highlander Folk School
       LCCR             Leadership Conference on Civil Rights
       MIA              Montgomery Improvement Association
                        Operation Breadbasket
       NCNW             National Council of Negro Women
       NAACP            National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
       SCLC             Southern Christian Leadership Conference
       SNCC             Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
                        Women’s Political Council

       White Supremacist Groups
       Imperial Klans of America
       National Association for the Supremacy of White People
       United Klans of America

      White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan
      White Citizens’ Councils

H. Film review
   Watch one of the movies about the civil rights era, and then summarize & analyze what these
   historical dramas tell us about the civil rights movement and/or race relations in the mid-20th
   century. Other titles are certainly possible, but check with the instructor before proceeding.

     Once Upon a Time . . .           Long Walk Home                    Sins of the Father
        When We Were Colored          Crisis at Central High            Mississippi Burning
     Black Like Me                    I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings   Freedom Song
     A Soldier’s Story                Ruby Bridges                      Selma, Lord, Selma
     The Color Purple                 February One                      In the Heat of the Night
     Separate But Equal               Ghosts of Mississippi             Malcolm X
     Driving Miss Daisy               4 Little Girls                    Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner?
     The Vernon Johns Story

I.    Personal interview
      Locate & interview someone who participated in the civil rights movement, and write a 3-5
      page report on your findings. You might, for example, interview a marcher, an organizer, a
      rioter, a student who was bused for racial reasons, and so on.

J.    Battle of Ole Miss documents
      Use the John F. Kennedy Library website to write a report on James Meredith‟s integration of
      Ole Miss.


K.    Selma documents
      Go the Canisius library archives (2nd floor) and ask archivist Kathleen Delano to examine all
      of the materials relating to the trip that Canisius priests & students made in support of civil
      rights in Selma, Alabama, in March 1965. Using as many different kinds of documents as
      possible, write a report on what you learn.

L.    Chatroom report
      Go online (https://list.mail.virginia.edu/mailman/listinfo/sncc-list) to “eavesdrop” on veterans
      of the civil rights movement as they reminisce about the movement and muse about the
      problems that remain unsolved. You may come across some significant veterans, including
      Julian Bond, Connie Curry, Gloria Richardson Dandridge, Joyce Ladner, Penny Patch, and
      Bob Zellner. Write a paper based on information presented and insights gleaned in this

Paper Grading
Papers whose characteristics mostly fit within one of the following categories will receive that
corresponding grade. Note that a paper need not exhibit every characteristic of a category to receive the
grade for that category.

“A”                                                         *mediocre/flat writing
*addresses the chosen topic head-on                         *little, if any, analysis
*clearly organized                                          *rather general presentation
*well written                                               *few, if any, first-person quotations, mostly unidentified
*analytical                                                 *noticeable errors: factual, typographical, spelling, or
*plenty of specific information                                    grammatical
*abundant first-person quotations, clearly identified       *barely meets minimum length
*few errors: factual, typographical, spelling, or
     grammatical                                            “D”
                                                            *half-hearted effort
“B”                                                         *descriptive, rather than analytical
*mostly addresses the chosen topic                          *weak writing
*reasonably well organized                                  *lengthy secondary quotations, mostly unidentified
*reasonably well written                                    *significant errors of varying kinds
*some analysis                                              *fails to meet minimum length
*some specific information
*some first-person quotations, some identified              “F”
*some errors                                                *addresses an irrelevant topic
                                                            *disorganized or confused
“C”                                                         *very sloppy
*somewhat addresses the chosen topic                        *very short
*lacks consistent organization                              *paraphrased or plagiarized

The instructor takes grading seriously and uses several methods to determine quiz/test & paper grades.
Do not tell the instructor the grade you “need.” You will receive the grade you have earned. That said,
the instructor is certainly willing to discuss the grades assigned.

Papers, presentations, and final exams that are detailed, comprehensive, inclusive of relevant materials,
and analytical, will be rewarded handsomely. The instructor reserves the right to make modest
adjustments in numerically-derived final grades based on the student performance in the final exam and

No unsolicited work for extra credit will be accepted.

Students who do not complete all assignments and take the final exam will fail the entire course.

Final grades will not be displayed publicly because federal law forbids it, and will only become
available when the registrar posts them on-line. The instructor will not give students their final grade;
that is the responsibility of the registrar. Students with questions about their final grades must see the
instructor in his office; he will not respond to email queries about grading.

Papers, reports, and exams that are detailed, comprehensive, inclusive of relevant materials, and
analytical, will be rewarded handsomely.

To support grades assigned, the instructor will provide commentary on written work and numerical
scores, class ranking, and percentage of correct answers on quizzes. Students may inquire about their
grades on any given assignment or about the course grade, but such requests must be made in person,
rather than by email.

Cultural Enrichment (subject to availability)
A unique feature of this course will be the extraordinary opportunities offered for cultural enrichment.
Everyone will be given an opportunity to attend at least one of the following performances/presentation:

Date        Time        Place                        Speaker/Event                    Affiliation/Event
F FEB 5     8:00 pm     UB‟s Center for the Arts     Cornel West                      Princeton University
Su FEB 28   4:00 pm     Paul Robeson Theatre         Toni Morrison’s The Bluest Eye
Sa MAR 6    8:00 pm     Ujima Theatre                Belle
Sa MAR 20   8:00 pm     UB‟s Center for the Arts     Jazz with Wynton Marsalis        Lincoln Center
W APR 7     8:00 pm     UB‟s Center for the Arts     Buddy Guy                        Chicago rock guitarist

         (Students interested in obtaining tickets must make a nonrefundable payment of $5/ticket.)

Field Trip
To tour many historic sites connected to the civil rights movement, there will be an unforgettable 9-day
trip to the Deep South over spring break. [See rough itinerary below.] Several people who either
witnessed or helped shape key events in the movement may meet our group. The Peter Canisius
Distinguished Professorship in the African American Experience will subsidize much of the trip,
including roundtrip airfare to Memphis, ground transportation (van), lodging, admission fees and tours,
some dinners, and some entertainment. About ten (10) Canisius students will go on the trip. If more than
ten students express interest in going, a lottery may be conducted. A nonrefundable deposit of $200 must
be paid by F FEB 12th. Once the students have been chosen, there will be mandatory orientation

Date           Place                               Sites (Sampling)
R APR 1        Buffalo-Memphis (jet)               National Civil Rights Museum & Mason Temple
F APR 2        Memphis-Nashville                   Fisk University & American Baptist Seminary
S APR 3        Atlanta-Albany                      Martin Luther King‟s home, church, grave
S APR 4        Albany-Montgomery                   Tuskegee University & Dexter Avenue Church
M APR 5        Selma & Birmingham                  Edmund Pettus Bridge & 16th Street Church
T APR 6        Tuscaloosa & Philadelphia           Foster Auditorium
                                                        & murder route of Schwerner, Chaney, Goodman
W APR 7        Jackson & Mississippi Delta         Medgar Evers‟ home & Emmitt Till store
R APR 8        Oxford & Little Rock                Ole Miss & Central High School
F APR 9        Little Rock-Buffalo (jet)

See this website for more information on civil rights sites:

Book prize
The student who writes the best term paper will receive a free copy of a civil rights book of his/her

Service/Seamless Learning
In the spirit of civil rights activism and as part of the College‟s new emphasis on service/seamless
learning, students may volunteer to (a) assist a local civil rights organization or (b) work on a social
justice project. For specific options, please see Sr. Pat Brady of the Office of Service Learning for more
details. All service must receive PRIOR approval from the instructor. It is important to remember that no
one is required to undertake or complete this option and that you are NOT representing Canisius
College. Students who complete at least 12 hours of service and submit a (brief) confirmatory letter
from a supervisor, along with a typed report on time worked and action performed will receive a course
bonus of 5 percent.

Civil Rights Organizations
NAACP                                         884-7242       apollo3.com/~naacp
Buffalo Urban League                          854-7625       buffalourban.org

Social Justice Projects

Organization                                         Address            Contact Info
Boys & Girls Clubs of America                        124 Elmwood Ave.    783-7187
http://www.bgcbuffalo.org/                           Buffalo NY 14201
Buffalo City Mission                                 100 E. Tupper St.   854-8181
http://www.buffalocitymission.org/site/PageServer    Buffalo NY 14203
Buffalo Weed & Seed Initiative                       218 City Hall       851-4287
http://www.buffaloweedandseed.com/contactus.html     Buffalo NY 14202
Character Academy                                    618 Jefferson Ave.  852-5502
                                                     Buffalo NY 14202     ext. 107
Coalition for Economic Justice                       237 Main St.        892-5877
http://www.buffalojwj.org/                           Buffalo NY 14203
CRUCIAL Human Services                               230 Moselle St.     895-8891
                                                     Buffalo NY 14211
Flare (Fillmore-Leroy Area Residents)                307 Leroy Ave.      838-6740
http://flarebuffalo.org/                             Buffalo NY 14214
Friends to the Elderly, Youth & Family Center        118 E. Utica St.    882-0602
                                                     Buffalo NY 14209
Gloria J. Parks Community Center                     3242 Main St.       832-1010
http://uhcda.org/web/                                Buffalo NY 14214
None Like You                                        595 Sycamore St.    852-2987
http://www.freewebs.com/nonelikeyoubuffalo/index.htm Buffalo NY 14212
Literacy Volunteers of Buffalo                       1313 Main St.       876-8991
http://www.literacybuffalo.org/                      Buffalo NY 14209
Society of St. Vincent de Paul                       1298 Main St.       882-3360
http://www.svdpwny.org/                              Buffalo NY 14209

Course Schedule [This schedule is subject to change depending on local weather conditions, the pace of presentations and discussions, and the instructor‟s health and other professional obligations.]

   Dates                     Topics                        Speaker                               Readings/Documents/Websites                                                          Multi-Media
T JAN 19         United States of Lyncherdom                               Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2004), pp. 1-9                                     Promises Betrayed
                                                                           Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2008), pp. 1-11                                    Ethnic Notions

R JAN 21         Setting the Stage                                         Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2004), pp. 13-19                                   Ida B. Wells: A Passion for Justice
                                                                           Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2008), pp. 15-21                                   W.E.B. Du Bois: A Biography in
                                                                                                                                                                              Four Voices
                                                                                                                                                                            “Lift Ev‟ry Voice and Sing”
                                                                                                                                                                            Adam Clayton Powell
                                                                                                                                                                            A. Philip Randolph: For Jobs &
                                                                                                                                                                            Freedom Never Dies: The Legacy
                                                                                                                                                                              of Harry T. Moore
T JAN 26         Plessy is No More                                         Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2004), pp. 20-28, 137-138                          The Road to Brown
                                                                           Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2008), pp. 22-31, 140-141                          Thurgood Marshall: Portrait of an
                                                                           http://www.nps.gov/archive/brvb/home.htm                                                           American Hero
W JAN 27         The Civil Rights Movement:              Diane Nash        http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/reflect/r04_nash.html
                 A Legacy for the 21st Century
R JAN 28         Up South                                                  Thomas Sugrue, Sweet Land of Liberty, pp. 130-162*
T FEB 2          Wolf Whistle                                              Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2004), pp. 26-27                                   The Murder of Emmett Till
                                                                           Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2008), pp. 28-29
R FEB 4          Weary Feet, Rested Souls                                  Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2004), pp. 41-51                                   Awakenings
                                                                           Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2008), pp. 43-53
T FEB 9          Foot Soldiers                                             Lynne Olson, Freedom’s Daughters:                                                                “Fundi”: The Story of Ella Baker
                                                                               The Unsung Heroines of the Civil Rights Movement, 1830-1970,
                                                                               pp. 132-150, 213-224*
R FEB 11         Inside Agitators                                          Constance Curry, Deep in Our Hearts: Nine White Women in the
                                                                               Freedom Movement, pp. 3-35*
R FEB 18         Little Rock Crisis                                        Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2004), pp. 29-37, 139                              Fighting Back
                                                                           Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2008), pp. 32-40, 142
                                                                           Melba Pattillo Beals, Warriors Don’t Cry, all
T FEB 23         The Media‟s Morality Play                                 Gene Roberts & Hank Klibanoff, The Race Beat: The Press,
                                                                               the Civil Rights Struggle and the Awakening of a Nation, pp. 143-183*
R FEB 25         Sit-ins                                                   Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2004), pp. 52-60                                   Ain’t Scared of Your Jails
                                                                           Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2008), pp. 54-62                                   “I‟m Gonna Sit at the Welcome
                                                                           John Lewis, Walking with the Wind, pp. 11-117                                                      Table”
                                                                           Lynne Olson, Freedom’s Daughters: The Unsung Heroines                                            “We Shall Not Be Moved”
                                                                               of the Civil Rights Movement, 1830-1970, pp. 151-162*
  Dates                Topics                  Speaker                                Readings/Documents/Websites                                   Multi-Media
T MAR 2    Freedom Rides                      Hank Thomas?   Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2004), pp. 61-68, 140-141   Ain’t Scared of Your Jails
                                                             Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2008), pp. 63-70, 143-144   “If You Miss Me from the Back of
                                                             John Lewis, Walking with the Wind, pp. 121-174                              the Bus”
                                                             Lynne Olson, Freedom’s Daughters: The Unsung Heroines
                                                                  of the Civil Rights Movement, 1830-1970, pp. 182-199*
                                                             Eric Etheridge, Breach of Peace: Portraits of the 1961
                                                                 Mississippi Freedom Riders, selection
R MAR 4    Radio Free Dixie                                  Timothy Tyson, “Robert F. Williams, „Black Power,‟ and the Roots of the   Negroes with Guns: Rob Williams and
                                                                 African American Freedom Struggle,” 30 pgs.*                           Black Power
T MAR 9    The Last Battle of the Civil War                  Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2004), pp. 69-74            Fighting Back
                                                             Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2008), pp. 71-77
                                                             Frank Lambert, Battle of Ole Miss: Civil Rights v. States’ Rights
R MAR 11
T MAR 16   Albany Movement                                   Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2004), pp. 75-81, 141-144   No Easy Walk
           Bombingham                                        Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2008), pp. 78-86, 144-147   Too Close to Heaven: The Story of
                                                             John Lewis, Walking with the Wind, pp. 177-200                              Gospel Music
                                                             http://www.bcri.org/index.html                                            The Songs are Free
                                                                                                                                       “Ain‟t Gonna Let Nobody Turn
                                                                                                                                         Me ‟Round”
                                                                                                                                       “I Woke Up This Morning with
                                                                                                                                         My Mind on Freedom”
                                                                                                                                       Mighty Times: The Children’s

R MAR 18   Standing in the Door                              Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2004), pp. 81-83            George Wallace: Settin’ the Woods on
                                                             Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2008), pp. 84-85             Fire
T MAR 23   A Drum Major for Justice                          Martin Luther King, Jr., Why We Can’t Wait, all                           Citizen King
                                                             Michael Eric Dyson, I May Not Get There with You:                         King: From Montgomery to Memphis
                                                                   The True Martin Luther King, Jr., pp. 11-50*
R MAR 25   The March on Washington                           BJD, The Civil Rights Movement (2004), pp. 84-92, 144-145                 Brother Outsider
                                                             BJD, The Civil Rights Movement (2008), pp. 87-95, 147-148                 No Easy Walk
                                                             Lucy Barber, “„In the Great Tradition‟: The March on Washington           “We Shall Overcome”
                                                                   for Jobs and Freedom,” 37 pgs.*
                                                             John Lewis, Walking with the Wind, pp. 201-227
T MAR 30   Birmingham Church Bombing                         Frank Sikora, Until Justice Rolls Down: The Birmingham Church             4 Little Girls
                                                                  Bombing Case, all
   Dates                  Topics           Speaker                                 Readings/Documents/Websites                                              Multi-Media
T APR 13      Mississippi Goddamn                          Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2004), pp. 95-107, 146-150             Mississippi: Is This America?
                                                           Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2008), pp. 99-111, 149-153             Freedom on My Mind
                                                           Unita Blackwell, Barefootin’: Life Lessons from the Road to Freedom, all             “This Little Light of Mine”
                                                           John Lewis, Walking with the Wind, pp. 228-290                                       “Oh, Freedom”
                                                           Elizabeth Sutherland, eds., Letters from Mississippi, selection*
R APR 15      Bloody Sunday              Charlie Cobb      Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2004), pp. 108-120                     Bridge to Freedom
                                                           Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2008), pp. 112-124                     Sisters of Selma
                                                           John Lewis, Walking with the Wind, pp. 291-347
T APR 20      Look Out, Whitey!                            Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2004), pp. 123-131, 145,               Two Societies
              The Nation                                       150-153                                                                          Malcolm: Make It Plain
                                                           Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2008), pp. 127-132, 148-149, 153-156   Black Panthers
                                                           John Lewis, Walking with the Wind, pp. 348-374
                                                           H. Rap Brown, Die, Nigger, Die, pgs. 47-74*
R APR 22      Chicago Freedom Movement                     Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2004), pp. 125                         Two Societies
                                                           Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2008), pp. 129
T APR 27      Death of the Dreamer                         Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2004), pp.                             The Promised Land
                                                           Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2008), pp. 132-134                     At the River I Stand
                                                           John Lewis, Walking with the Wind, pp. 375-401
R APR 29      Liberal Experiments                          John Lewis, Walking with the Wind, pp. 405-475                                       Keys to the Kingdom
T MAY 4       A Colorblind Society?                        Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2004), pp. 132-133, 153                Beyond the Color Line
                                                           Bruce Dierenfield, The Civil Rights Movement (2008), pp. 134-137, 156                True Colors
                                                                                                                                                Skin Deep
                                                                                                                                                Racism 101
                                                                                                                                                Little Rock Central
                                                                                                                                                A Southern Town
                                                                                                                                                YouTube: A Girl Like Me
              Buffalo Today              Brenda McDuffie
*will be available on Angel

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