olympic games 3rd grade lesson

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					                                       Going for the Wreath?
                                              Carla Scott
                                      Warren County Public Schools


Topic: Social Studies, Ancient Greece, Olympics

Overview
This lesson, as part of a unit on Ancient Greece, introduces the Ancient Olympic Games and their influence on
modern sports.

Grade 3

Time Allotment
One or two 45-minute class sessions

Learning Objectives
On completion of this lesson, students will be able to:
   • State the origins of the first Olympic Games.
   • Name three events that were held in the first Olympic Games.
   • Name the prize given to the winners of the events.
This lesson addresses Va. SOL Social Studies 3.1

Media Components
   • Computer with Internet connection and multimedia projector
   • SmartBoard
   • Videostreaming clip: Living History: Living in Ancient Greece. 2000 Unitedstreaming. 22
     November 2005. http://www.unitedstreaming.com/
         Segment: The Olympic Games (01:27)
   • Laptop or computer lab
   • BBC Homepage: http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/ancientgreece/main_menu.shtml Ancient Greece –
     this site includes topics relating to Ancient Greece which includes a “webquest” type activity for
     “The Olympic Games”.
   • PortaPortal: www.portaportal.com with GUEST password: cws63. Go to Social Studies section
     click on “The Ancient Olympic Games” (see thumbs up symbol). Website activity handout (see
     “Materials and Handouts” section below) will guide you from there.

Materials and Handouts
   •   Directions for making the “Winner’s Crown” – one for teacher (attached)
   •   One-hole paper punch

   Per student:
   • Handout: “Learning Activity: BBC Website Questions” – one per student (attached)
   • 1 inch by 24 inch strip of green cardboard
   • Ruler, scissors, glue
   • 20 inch narrow ribbon (gold or brown)
   • Small branches, each about 3 to 4 inches long, of real or artificial plants
 NTTI Fall 2005                                                                                   Page 1 of 7
                                      Going for the Wreath?
                                             Carla Scott
                                     Warren County Public Schools


Teacher Preparations
   •   Set up a computer (with Internet connection), SmartBoard, and a projector in your classroom.
       Download and preview the video clip, and save it to the desktop or CD.
   •   Reserve the laptop or computer lab.
   •   Bookmark the BBC Website on each laptop and the computer connected to the SmartBoard or use
       www.portaportal.com with GUEST password cws63. Go to the Social Studies section and click on “The
       Ancient Olympic Games” (see “thumbs up”)

Introductory Activity
1. Focus: Today we are going to learn about the first Olympic Games that were held in Ancient Greece. I
want you to listen now and find out how often the ancient Olympic Games were held and how long they
lasted.
Play: Time: at 0:00. Visual: “The Olympic Games” on black screen. Audio: “the Olympic Games were
held”…..
Pause: Time: 0:08. Visual: chariot driver on vase. Audio: “…they lasted for a whole month….”
Follow-up: How often were the games held and how long did they last? (every four years and lasted for
one month)

2. Focus: Now, listen to find out why wars stopped during the Olympic Games.
Play: resume video
Pause: Time: 0:15. Visual: sculpted wall. Audio: “…as a sign of respect for Zeus…”
Follow up: Why were wars stopped during the games? (as a sign of respect for Zeus.)

3. Focus: Listen to find out how many men came to the ancient Olympic Games.
Play: resume video
Pause: Time: 0:24. Visual: discus thrower. Audio: “…or participate in the games…”
Follow up: How many men cane? (Tens of thousands of men came either to participate or watch.)

4. Focus: Listen to find out whether or not women were allowed at the ancient Olympic Games.
Play: resume video
Pause: Time: 0:28. Visual: discus thrower. Audio: “…not allowed to attend….”
Follow up: What did you find out? (Women were not allowed to attend the ancient Olympic Games.)

5. Focus: Listen to find out what took place during the first days of the games.
Play: resume video
Pause: Time: 0:34. Visual: wildflowers. Audio: “…religious ceremonies were held…..”
Follow up: What took place during the first days? (religious ceremonies and a procession)

6. Focus: Listen to find out to who offerings were made to prior to the games.
Play: resume video.
Pause: Time: 0:39. Visual: a dirt field. Audio: “…made to Zeus.”
Follow up: To whom were offerings made? (Zeus)



 NTTI Fall 2005                                                                                 Page 2 of 7
                                      Going for the Wreath?
                                             Carla Scott
                                     Warren County Public Schools

7. Focus: Listen to find out three events that took place during the first Olympic Games.
Play: resume video
Pause: Time: 0:52. Visual: picture of two men boxing. Audio: “….to name just a few…”
Follow up: What three events took place at the first games? (foot races, wrestling contests and boxing
matches)

8. Focus: Listen to find out what other races were held during the ancient Olympic Games.
Play: resume video
Pause: Time: 1:02. Visual: sculpted horses on a wall. Audio: “…next to the stadium.”
Follow up: Besides footraces, what other kinds of races were held? (horse races and chariot races)

9. Focus: Listen to find out what the prize was for winning an event at the first Olympic Games.
Play: resume video
Pause: Time: 1:17. Visual: a hand weaving a wreath. Audio: “…sacred olive trees…”
Follow up: What prizes were given out? (wreaths)

10. Focus: Listen to find out what it meant for a man to win an event at the first Olympic Games.
Play: resume video
Stop: end of clip
Follow up: What did it mean for a man to win at the games? (For a man to win an event at the first
Olympic Games was considered the greatest honor a man could ever receive.)

Learning Activity
Focus: Now we are going to find out more about the first Olympic Games. While we look at this Internet
site, I want you to complete the handout titled “Learning Activity: BBC Website Questions”. Follow the
directions carefully and good luck. Raise your hand if you have questions.
Activity: Go to the previously bookmarked website: BBC Homepage: Ancient Greece. Have the
students follow the directions given on the handout titled “Learning Activity: BBC Website Questions”.
Monitor their progress and give help if/when needed.
Follow up: After students have been given an appropriate amount of time to work on the activity, they
will be called upon to give answers to the questions on the handout.

Culminating Activities
Focus: Now that we have learned so much about the first Olympic Games, we are all going to be winners
and “go for the wreath”. We are going to make our own “winner’s crown”.
Activity: Following the directions given on the teacher copy of making a “Winner’s Crown”, distribute to
each student the materials needed and begin helping them construct their own “Winner’s Crown”.
Follow up: Have each student put on their Winner’s Crown and have them tell the class for which event
they won their crown.

Assessment
   • Teacher observations
   • Completed Internet questions

 NTTI Fall 2005                                                                                    Page 3 of 7
                                       Going for the Wreath?
                                             Carla Scott
                                     Warren County Public Schools


Community Connections
   • Have the students search the Internet for athletes near their area that have participated in today’s
     Olympics.
   • Invite local high school and/or athletes to talk about their sports and training regimens.
   • Have the students volunteer to help with the Special Olympics held in their community for
     individuals with disabilities.

Cross-Curricular Extensions
Math
   • Have students measure speeds and distance of runners
Science
   • Have students find out more about the Olive trees from which the first “Winner’s Crowns” were
       made.
Language Arts
   • Have the students search the library for a book about the Olympics.
   • Have students make Venn diagrams and then write compare/contrast papers on the Olympics of
       Ancient Greece and the Olympics of today.

About the Author
Carla Scott is a third grade special education teacher at Ressie Jeffries Elementary School in Warren County,
Virginia.

This lesson was written as part of the Fall 2005 WVPT NTTI for the Virginia Enhancing Education Through
Technology Ed Tech Grant awarded to the Shenandoah Valley Technology Consortium (SVTC).




 NTTI Fall 2005                                                                                     Page 4 of 7
                                   Going for the Wreath?
                                        Carla Scott
                                Warren County Public Schools




                                 Learning Activity
                               BBC Website Questions
Directions:

At Ancient Greece website—click on “Cartoon Classics”
Click on “Olympic Games”
Read the screen
Click “begin”
Click on “Enter Olympia”

At the 1st Screen—on the streets of Ancient Greece….

Put the mouse on each of the characters below and answer their question:

   1. What does the sleeping man say?




   2. What does the man in the blue robe say?



   3. What does the juggler say?



Find the Bouleuterion and click. (You may have to click on several locations to find it—just
keep clicking!!)

On the 2nd Screen—at the Bouleuterion …..

   1. What does Megakles do in front of ten Hellenodikal?



 NTTI Fall 2005                                                                     Page 5 of 7
                                    Going for the Wreath?
                                        Carla Scott
                                Warren County Public Schools



   2. Where did you find the “more impressive” statue of Zeus?


Click on the Temple of Zeus


At the 3rd Screen—in the Temple of Zeus…..

Place the mouse on each character, starting with the man on the left:

   1. In what event is the first man and when?



   2. In what event is the second man and when?



   3. In what event is the third man and when?



   4. In what event is the horse and when?



Click on the horse

At the 4th screen—at the horse races……

Find the answer to this question:

   1. How can women compete in these races?




 NTTI Fall 2005                                                         Page 6 of 7
                                        Going for the Wreath?
                                               Carla Scott
                                       Warren County Public Schools


                             How to Make a “Winner’s Crown”
Materials needed:

1 one-hole paper punch

For each student:

1 inch by 24 inch strip of cardboard (green)
Ruler
Pencil
Scissors
20 inch narrow ribbon (gold or brown)
Small branches—about 3-4 inches long – real or artificial
glue


Instructions:

1. Punch a hole in both ends of the cardboard strip

2. Use the ruler and pencil to draw 1 inch lines with ½ inch spaces between them in the center of the cardboard
strip (draw them on the entire length of the strip)

3. With the scissors, cut through the 1 inch lines making a “slit”.

4. Put the ribbon through each of the holes at the ends of the strips. Tie the ribbon in a loose bow—try on the
wreath. If necessary, cut the end of the strip and punch another hole, put the ribbon through the new hole retie
the ribbon and check the fit.

5. When the size is right, take off the wreath and carefully tie the ribbon in a bow.

6. Take the stems of the branches and push them through each “slit” you made in the cardboard. Pull them
through so they are firmly placed and won’t fall out—glue them if necessary.

7. Put on your “Winner’s Crown” and be honored!!




 NTTI Fall 2005                                                                                     Page 7 of 7

				
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