Office:       UNMAO/UNMAS
Prepared by: Programme           Date: March                Period: February 2007
                Officer                  2007
Key activities carried out in reporting period:

UNMAO Executive Summary

1. Road clearance operations between Kurmuk and Chali have been completed and the status of
the road changed from red to green. All UN agencies and NGOs began using the road as of 14

2. Clearance of the Fama and Troji Minefields in South Kordofan has been concluded and a team
deployed to Bentiu to commence with road assessment towards Malakal. Also in South Kordofan,
the Egyptian Military Demining Company relocated to Andullo Minefield, to begin clearance of the
area left un-cleared by Danish Church Aid last year.

3. A team deployed and work commenced on clearance of an eight-meter corridor of the Juba-Bor
Road. While still designated as Security Level 4, work also recommenced on clearance of the
Magwi-Pageri road with Force Protection, following the SMT’s authorization last month to resume

4. On 13 February, the Cambodian Military Demining Company in Malakal was awarded full
operational accreditation for all demining assets and began work on the anti-tank minefield in Nasir.

5. In Rumbek, manual demining teams have completed the technical survey of three Dangerous
Areas in Dirjai, 35 km Southeast of Yirol, on the Yirol to Minkamman route.

6. Following authorization received from Force HQ for the Egyptian Military Demining Company’s
explosive ordnance (EOD) team to deploy out of Sector IV, its Area of Responsibility (AoR), the
team deployed to Sector VI on an emergency tasking to Abyei in support of UNMIS activities. This
authorization ensures that there will now be a Level-4 EOD Team within UNMAO Kadugli’s AoR,
able to respond immediately to emergency tasking within Sector VI.

7. Planned deployments to the Western Regional Mine Action Office continue to be aborted due to
the on-going deterioration of the security situation in Darfur and restrictions on movement imposed
by the Government.

8. In accordance with decisions made at the Joint Defence Board (JDB) meeting of 22 January,
the first demining teams of the Joint Integrated Demining Units (JIDUs) were mobilized under the
joint management of the National Mine Action Authority and Southern Sudan Demining Commission
and a presentation/demonstration held on the outskirts of Khartoum on 13 February. Structured into
six teams, approximately 110 deminers will operate in three locations on the Babanusa-Wau railway

'Progress of Demining Operations in Support of UNMIS'

Kadugli: Minefield clearance operations continue in South Kordofan with FSD and progress as
follows: Bilingya (29% complete), Katcha (28%), Koyea (28%) and Boram (29%). On completion of
their tasking at Fama minefield, FSD’s Manual Clearance Team (MCT) 4 began work on a new
tasking at Tess village, while MCT5 relocated for clearance at Shat Sufaiya village after completing
their tasking at Troji minefield. Rapid Assessment Team 2 deployed to Bentiu to commence road
assessment towards Malakal/Rumbek, having concluded assessments of routes Bentiu-Abyei, El
Fula-Kadugli and Kadugli-Bentiu.

Damazine: Mine clearance in Kurmuk along the Ethiopian border is ongoing with the Pakistani
Military Demining Company and FSD’s MCT 7 and MCT8, concentrating on the Kurmuk-Keily road
within the boundary perimeter of the minefield. Having concluded road clearance operations
between Kurmuk and Chali, MECHEM redeployed on 5 February to their new tasking route survey
verification/clearance between Demensur-Ora-Chali. Operations began immediately and the
technical survey was completed.

The Egyptian Military Demining Company relocated to Andullo Minefield, to begin clearance of the
area left un-cleared by DCA last year and site activities began well, operating on all 30 lanes.

Juba: MECHEM completed the survey and verification/clearance of the Keyala-Lafon route and
recommenced work on Magwi–Pageri with Force Protection, while FSD’s Line of Disengagement
Team 1 (LoD1) began work on clearance of an 8-metre corridor of the Juba-Bor road. ArmorGroup
continues with route survey of Pibor-Akobo.

The Bangladeshi Military Demining Company continues to clear the minefield South West of Jebel
Kujoor. With production levels remaining high, the company now forecasts that it will be able to
complete the task with only one platoon, allowing for the deployment of the remaining platoon to
Rejaf minefield. The Mine Detector Dog (MDD) team is still tasked in the minefield carrying out area
reduction, whilst the two EOD teams continue with clearance of the Central Demolition Site.

Malakal: On 13 February, the Cambodian Military Demining Company achieved full demining
accreditation. Their demining and EOD platoons began work on the anti-tank (AT) minefield in
Nasir, while their survey team will start survey of the Malakal-Nasir road on 1 March.

Rumbek: ArmorGroup’s manual demining team completed the technical survey of three Dangerous
Areas (DAs) on the Yirol-Minkamman route; conducted the General Mine Action Assessment
(GMAA) and continues with the technical survey of nine DAs 2 km South of Rumbek town (task
90% complete); and is conducting road assessment from Awerial to Kemande via Tindalo (50%).

Wau: Having concluded the technical survey of an anti-personnel (AP) mine threat 8.4 km from
Wau on the banks of the River Jur and an AT mine threat 9.4 km from Wau, the Kenyan Military
Demining Company will be issued with the new tasking of Bringi Road.

MECHEM has completed Phase 4 of an 8-metre corridor from Alok-Aweil in the Wau-Aweil route
survey assessment/clearance tasking and completed Aweil to Marual Baai to 75%. The Task
Dossier has been issued for clearance of an 8-metre corridor from Bazia to Bo River and Wau to
Tambura and the team will deploy from Bazia to Bo River on 5 March. FSD’s LoD2 team is working
on route survey, assessment/clearance from Wau to Warrap.

Yei: MECHEM continued with operations on the Juba-Kajo-Keji route survey as far as a contention
line minefield located approximately 96 km from the alternate road start. On the Limbe-Kajo-Keji
route, work is suspended from Kaya River to Kajo-Keji. Having completed the survey of DAs along
the Rasolo-Maridi and Faraksika-Maridi routes, AmorGroup Route Survey Team 4 is continuing with
the tasking along the Maridi-Yambio road.

‘Other Progress’

Northern Regional Mine Action Office (NRMAO) in Kadugli, Sub Offices in Damazine,

Kassala: FSD’s Survey Team 5 resumed operations on the Kassala-Tahjar route assessment, in
addition to supporting Technical Survey Team 1 with use of the Large Loop, as they mark the 4.2
km of the Hameshkoreib-al Gahwa Road for the National Highway Authorities. This road is being
cleared as a Battle Area Clearance (BAC) sub-surface task and demarcation of the road has been
completed. Mine Action Team 4 continued with clearance of minefield NR-95 in Hameshkoreib.

SAC/MAG conducted a one-day workshop with local authorities for the new LIS project and
completed the Preliminary Opinion Collection (POC) in Gedaref State. POC of Bahr Al Ghazel is
ongoing. Having concluded its tasking in Blue Nile State for SAC/MAG, FSD’s DDR EOD team
began operations in Kassala State, in support of UNMIS/UNDP DDR activities, and destroyed 95
UXOs in Hameshkoreib before moving on to Odi.

Southern Regional Mine Action Office (SRMAO) in Juba, Sub Offices in Rumbek, Wau,
Malakal and coordination office in Yei

Juba: MAG continued with manual clearance of a mixed AP/AT defensive minefield around
Kapoeta Town, the Kapoeta airstrip extension and clearance of UXO DAs in the Kapoeta and
Chukudum areas. Destruction of the removed UXOs from the completed surface BAC of the Juba
Customs Market continues at the temporary Central Demolition Site. DDG Survey Teams 1 and 2
have been tasked to carry out GMAA operations within the Yei.

Wau: Clearance has been progressing well with MAG on road clearance of a 25-meter corridor
from Tonj to Wau.

Yei: NPA concluded clearance of Peremasuk Borehole and bridge access on the Yei-Juba road,
while work is ongoing on the Bungu and Monkindi minefields and UXO clearance of the Mundri
area. MAG EOD Team 1 is working on UXO clearance of the Jambo Area and DDG on GMAA of
Kajo-Keji within Ngepo Payam and Kangapo Payam.

Western Regional Mine Action Office (WRMAO) in El Fasher

FSD’s Rapid Response Teams 1 & 2 have completed the GMAA of villages and road survey of
routes in the East Rokoro area of West Darfur and will be redeployed to Nyala. WRMAO conducted
an assessment trip to the area North of Kofod and South of Kutum and destroyed seven UXOs.

Mine incidents during the reporting period (North & South)

El Fasher: The following unconfirmed reports will be investigated once the security situation allows:

    UXO accident in the village of Amar near Umm Sider in North Darfur, causing injury to one

    UXO accident near Zalingei, with one child reported killed and another injured.
    An unconfirmed UXO accident reported by JASMAR in Eddain South Darfur.

Kadugli: A grenade fuse placed by an unidentified individual in the office of the local Police Station
in Kadugli will be disposed of by UNMAO.

Damazine: On 20 February, a mine-fuse accident occurred in Kurmuk when a five-year-old boy
picked up and played with a fuse. Suffering from scarring to the hand, bruises to the abdomen and
a swollen face due to the explosion, the child was taken immediately to Kurmuk hospital where his
condition is now stable.

Kassala: Four cows were killed as a result of a mine accident on 17 February in Khor Abu Alaga, 2
km east of Wad Sharifai village.

Malakal: A mine incident occurred on 21 February in the South Eastern sector of the Malakal
Minefield during an SPLA demining operation, when a mine exploded as an SPLA soldier attempted
to lift the No.4 AP mine from hard ground before using water to soften the dirt around the mine. The
soldier lost his eyesight and right hand to the wrist, in addition to suffering fragmentation wounds to
his right leg and was taken immediately to the local hospital, where he remains.

Mine Risk Education (MRE)/Landmine Safety Project (LSP)/Victim Assistance (VA)

MRE – North

    The JASMAR MRE team at El Daien participated in a road assessment mission between Al
     Daien and Samaha, organized by IOM and other UN agencies, with the participation of HAC
     and SRRC.
    ISC-US conducted two MRE training workshops for 42 teachers in Kadugli and Talodi.
    The MAG/UNHCR MRE team in Damazine has been working closely with IOM and UNHCR
     providing MRE for returnees travelling from around Damazine back to areas near Kurmuk;
     teams in Kurmuk have been providing support to demining operations in Kurmuk town and
     following up on data collected by LIS; while the MAG/UNICEF team in Chali is progressing well
     with recent returnees to Chali, as they await the arrival of a new wave of returnees following
     the opening of the Kurmuk-Chali road. Repatriation is scheduled to resume on 1 March and
     the team will meet all arriving convoys.
    NRMAO MRE held a coordination meeting with DCA to finalize their new proposal.
    The MRE Officer and IMSMA assistant conducted a two–day training workshop from 5 - 6
     February for SMoH staff on Mine Victims Data Collection in Kadugli, attended by 28 staff from
     various health units and statistical departments within South Kordofan.

MRE – South

    The MRE Working Group was held in Juba on 15 February.
    The MRE Assistant conducted Training of Trainers for the Fast Track Teacher Education
     Training in Malakal, attended by 11 teachers.
    A meeting was held with the Ministry of Education regarding inclusion of MRE training into
     training for teachers; trainings were organized in Wau and Malakal on 18 February and in Yei
     on 24 February.
    Meeting with War Child to discuss the possibility of starting MRE activities in Juba.
    On 14 February, UNICEF/UNMAO MRE focal points met with the MRE Officer from the South
     Sudan Demining Commission regarding future work and coordination.
    Handicap International have commenced work in Malakal.


      Induction training was conducted for new UNMIS staff members (7440 briefed to date this
       year) and Training of Trainers (215).
      The new airport display was placed at the airport.


      The VA National Strategic Workshop is confirmed for 13-14 March in Juba; a meeting was
       held with the Ministrys of Health and Social Welfare in Khartoum to brief on the Strategic
       Framework in addition to the workshop.
      Meeting with ABRAR regarding their proposal to publish a VA newsletter.
      A Working Group took place in Khartoum to brief NGOs on applying for grants.

Key challenges/problems:


      Retraining of the Pakistani Military Demining Company’s mine detection dogs as explosive
       detection dogs (EDD) for deployment to Khartoum.
      Attempt to increase access to the Southern part of Kassala sub office’s AoR.


      The change of the Security Level in Western Equatoria around Tambura to Phase 3 (requiring
       armed escort). Demining activities temporarily on hold until Force Protection can be provided.

Proposed policies/actions/other solutions:


      EDD training to commence when the qualified trainer returns.


      Request made to Sector II to provide Force Protection, even though the area of concern is in
       Sector I, since Sector I is already providing Force Protection in the Magwi-Pageri area for

Key activities planned for the next period:


      Relocation of the office to new premises.
      Preparation for April 4 – International Mine Awareness Day.


      Planned closure of the Yei sub office.
      Discussion of the relocation of IMSMA to the new SSDC office.
      Quality Assurance training in Nairobi (17 March); Programme Managers meeting in Geneva
       (19 – 22 March).
    (Signed on original)

Date:     4 March 2007
Name:     Jim Pansegrouw
Title:    Director Mine Action Sector/Programme Manager

Appendix 1: Abbreviations

 AAR: Association for Aid and Relief                    MA: Mine Action
 AG: ArmorGroup                                         MAG: Mines Advisory Group
 AS: Area Survey                                        MAT: Mine Action Team
 AP: Anti-Personnel (mine)                              MCT: Manual Clearance Team
 AT: Anti-Tank (mine)                                   MDC: Military Demining Company
 BAC: Battle Area Clearance                             MDD: Mine Detection Dog
 BDC: Bangladeshi Demining Company                      MEDDS: Mechem Explosive & Drug Detection System
 CBU: Cluster Bomb Unit                                 MRE: Mine Risk Education
 CDC: Cambodian Demining Company                        NPA: Norwegian Peoples Aid
 CJMC: Ceasefire Joint Military Committee               NRMAO: North Regional Mine Action Office
 DA: Dangerous Area                                     NSTR: Nothing Significant to Report
 DCA: Danish Church Aid                                 OCHA: (United Nations) Office for the Coordination of
 DDG: Danish Demining Group                             Humanitarian Affairs
 DDR: Disarmament, Demobilization & Reintegration       PMDC: Pakistani Military Demining Company
 DFC: Deputy Force Commander                            QA: Quality Assurance
 DPM: Deputy Programme Manager                          RPG: Rocket-Propelled Grenade
 EDC: Egyptian Demining Company                         RRST: Rapid Response Survey Team
 EDD: Explosive Detection Dogs                          RS: Route Survey
 EOD: Explosive Ordnance Disposal                       SAC: Survey Action Centre
 ERW: Explosive Remnants of War                         SAF: Sudanese Armed Forces
 FPDO: Friends of Peace and Development Organization    SOP: Standard Operating Procedures
 FSD: Swiss Foundation for Mine Action                  SPLA/M: Sudan People’s Liberation Army/Movement
 GMAA: General Mine Action Assessment (survey)          SRMAO: South Regional Mine Action Office
 HAZMAT: Hazardous Materials                            TCC: Troop Contributing Country
 HSTF: Human Security Trust Fund                        TDI: The Development Initiative
 IDP: Internally Displaced Persons                      UNCT: United Nations Country Team
 IMATC: International Mine Action Training Centre       UNMAO: United Nations Mine Action Office
 IMSMA: Information Management System for Mine Action   UNMAS: United Nations Mine Action Service
 JI(D)U: Joint Integrated (Demining) Units              UNMIS: United Nations Mission in Sudan
 JMCO: Joint Monitoring Coordination Office             UNOPS: United Nations Office of Project Services
 LIS: Landmine Impact Survey                            UXO: Unexploded Ordnance
 LMA: Landmine Action                                   VA: Victim Assistance
 LoD: Line of Disengagement                             VMMDS: Vehicle Mounted Mine Detection System
 LSP: Landmine Safety Project                           VTF: Voluntary Trust Fund
                                                        WRMAO: Western Regional Mine Action Office


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