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Muscular System Lesson Plan


  • pg 1
									Kevin R. Kestner

                         Muscular System
Standards: 1.1, 1:3, 3.3, 5.1, 9:1
Indicators: 1.1f, 1.1g, 1.1m, 1.3b, 3.3a, 3.3h, 3.3w, 5.1a, 9.1a
                           Preparation                                       Notes
Classroom Preparation (time, setting, materials, equipment)
                                                                     Bring small exercise
Time: 12 hours                                                       weights to class
Setting: SWCA HT classroom/lab
Materials: Diversified Health Occupations, workbook, video,
various worksheets, system chart
Equipment: Computer, projector, screen, VCR, ELMO,
exercise weights, gait belt, walker, crutches, cane, and wheel

Preparatory Assignments for Students                                 Distribute notes
    Read Chapter 6:5 (pp. 124-128) in text                          handout
    Bring Textbook and Workbook to class

Introduction / Motivation                                            VHS “Muscles”
    How many of you have had a “Charlie horse” before?
      Do you know what that is caused from? Do you know
      what it is indicative of? Do you know what to do for it?
    Has anyone ever strained a muscle while exercising?
      What happened and how do you heal a strain?
    Who is Jerry Lewis and what foundation does he
      support each year? What is a telethon and why do we
      have them?
    Do you know anyone with fibromyalgia, muscular
      dystrophy, or any other muscular disease or disorder?
      How do you treat a patient with one of these diseases?

Performance Objectives
At the conclusion of this section and class discussion/activities,
the student will achieve a grade of 70% or better on a written
evaluation covering the following objectives:
    1. Compare the three main types of muscle by describing
        the action of each                                           Make copies of
    2. Differentiate between voluntary muscle and involuntary        handouts:
    3. List at least three functions of muscles                         1. Muscular
    4. Describe the two main ways muscles attach to bones                  worksheet
    5. Demonstrate the five major movements performed by                2. Word scramble
        muscles                                                         3. Crossword
    6. Describe at least three diseases of the muscular system             puzzle
    7. Define, pronounce, and spell all the key terms                   4. Practice quiz
Kevin R. Kestner

                         Muscular System
Standards: 1.1, 1:3, 3.3, 5.1, 9:1
Indicators: 1.1f, 1.1g, 1.1m, 1.3b, 3.3a, 3.3h, 3.3w, 5.1a, 9.1a
                                                                    (Strategies, Safety,
                          Presentation                             and notes if strategies
                                                                     worked / did not
Scope and Sequence                                                 Discuss each objective
                                                                   and key term
   1. Distribute chapter lesson plan handout
                                                                   Discuss the purpose of
   2. Anatomy and Physiology of the Muscular System                each part of the
                                                                   anatomy and how they
           a.   Abduction                                          work together to form
           b.   Adduction                                          the muscular system
           c.   Cardiac muscle
           d.   Circumduction                                      Activity #1 – set up
           e.   Contract                                           classroom in a circuit
           f.   Contractibility                                    training format;
           g.   Contracture                                        provide a different
           h.   Elasticity                                         exercise activity for
           i.   Excitability                                       each station; have
           j.   Extensibility                                      students do exercise
           k.   Extension                                          repetitions to feel the
           l.   Fascia                                             muscle groups being
           m.   Flexion                                            exercised
           n.   Involuntary
           o.   Muscle tone                                        SAFETY: provide
           p.   Muscular system                                    demonstration of each
           q.   Rotation                                           exercise; ensure
           r.   Skeletal muscle                                    students perform each
           s.   Tendons                                            exercise properly
           t.   Visceral (smooth) muscle
           u.   voluntary                                          Activity #2 – practice
                                                                   ambulation using gait
   3. Diseases and Abnormal Conditions of the Muscular             belt, walker, crutches,
      System                                                       and cane

           a.   Fibromyalgia                                       Watch “Muscles”
           b.   Muscular dystrophy                                 video
           c.   Myasthenia gravis
           d.   Muscle spasms                                      Complete workbook
           e.   strain                                             assignment (pp. 46-47)
Kevin R. Kestner

                         Muscular System
Standards: 1.1, 1:3, 3.3, 5.1, 9:1
Indicators: 1.1f, 1.1g, 1.1m, 1.3b, 3.3a, 3.3h, 3.3w, 5.1a, 9.1a
         Application / Number of Practice Attempts                         Notes


   1. Provide students with muscular chart and have students       Show video for
      identify major muscles of the arm, chest, and leg            reinforcement; review
   2. Have students demonstrate major movements performed          lesson plan; go around
      by muscles and practice movements at least three times       room, giving each
   3. Have students practice various ambulation techniques         student a chance to
   4. Review terminology through various worksheets, a             ask, and/or answer a
      minimum of four to allow students to familiarize             question
      themselves with the terms before testing
   5. Complete Chapter 6:5 (pp. 46-47) Student Assignment
   6. Discuss answers to WB pages


Chapters 6:5 “Anatomy and Physiology – Muscular System”
objectives, key terms, and lecture notes

Workbook pages

Other handouts as listed above
                                                                      Grading Scale


   1. Informal evaluation as students participate in chapter          1. No grade
      activities and correct misunderstandings / fill in gaps in         assignment
      knowledge as topic is discussed
   2. Anatomy quiz – written                                          2. 20 points
   3. Diseases quiz – written                                         3. 20 points
   4. Ambulation exercise - demonstration                             4. 10 points


Chapters 6:4 Written Test                                          Standard grading scale
                                                                   100 points maximum
Kevin R. Kestner

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