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Cambodian National Conference

VIEWS: 5 PAGES: 3

									         Cambodian National Conference 2007
                                                          on the
                                               1991 Paris Peace Agreement s
                                         Washington, DC - October 20 & 21, 2007
       _______________________________________________________________________________________________________

                                                 RESOLUTION

We, Cambodian people throughout the World, were convinced that the Paris Peace Agreements on
Cambodia of October 23, 1991, with “International Guarantees” provision, would provide us with hope,
peace, justice, security, dignity, freedom, respect for human rights and respect for sovereignty,
independence, territorial integrity and inviolability, neutrality and national unity of Cambodia. If these
agreements were fully implemented, Cambodia must be free from all foreign interference and coercion,
consistent with the principles and purposes of these agreements as well as those of the United Nations.

Whereas, the Paris Peace Agreements on Cambodia of October 23, 1991 have not been fully and
properly implemented, especially with regard to the respect for the sovereignty, independence, territorial
integrity and inviolability, neutrality and national unity of Cambodia as stipulated in Article 18, Part IV:
International Guarantees of the Agreement on a Comprehensive Political Settlement of the Cambodia
Conflict and other relevant provisions. Certain acts, facts and events evidence that the neighboring
signatory countries -- Vietnam and Thailand -- violate the aforesaid agreements and previous international
treaties, conventions, agreements and accords;

Whereas, the illegal treaties and agreements of 1979, 1982, 1983 and 1985 that were imposed by the
Vietnamese armed forces during their invasion and occupation of Cambodia are in violation of the
sovereignty and territorial integrity of Cambodia as they were not terminated as they must have been as
specified in Article 1:2:d) of the Agreement Concerning the Sovereignty, Independence, Territorial
Integrity and Inviolability, Neutrality and National Unity of Cambodia. The fact that these treaties and
agreements were recently reaffirmed and ratified by the government of Cambodia and the government of
Vietnam in October 2005, evidences an attempt to legalize these illegal and illegitimate treaties and
agreements mentioned above and constitutes a clear and serious violation of Article 5:1:, 2: and 3: of the
Agreement requiring all parties, including Cambodia, to take steps to rectify the situation into full
compliance with the Agreement. These actions by the government of Cambodia and the government of
Vietnam were made without giving the Cambodian people the opportunity to freely debate the issues,
indicating that the present regime in Cambodia is not truly independent from the Vietnamese communist
government, which itself is in violation of the Agreement;

Whereas, the incessant, unfettered, and massive illegal Vietnamese immigration into Cambodia for over
two decades, has called Cambodia’s sovereignty into serious question. Compared to native Cambodians,
these illegal Vietnamese immigrants are treated by the Cambodian administration with generous leniency,
and have been allowed to break the laws of Cambodia with impunity.

To the detriment of the native Cambodian population, these illegal Vietnamese immigrants continue to
flow into Cambodia in large numbers, driving Cambodians out of their dwellings and pagodas, from their
farms, rice fields and plantations. These illegal immigrants, through 19 powerful associations established
under the influence of the Vietnamese authority, are granted more rights than native Cambodian people
living in their own country. These illegal immigrants do not report to Cambodian authority as they
should under international norm, rather they report directly to the Vietnamese embassy in Phnom Penh.
This fact points out the lack of independence of local and national authority, and more seriously, the lack
of respect for the sovereignty of Cambodia on the part of Vietnam. For example, in Chak Angre Loeu,

                                            This conference was organized by
    Cambodian Amer icans for Human Rights and Demo cracy (CAHRAD), Cambodian American National Council (CANC),
  Cambodian Association of Florida (CAF), Cambodia’s Border Committee (CBC-USA), Coalition for a Free Cambodia (CFC),
       Khmer Alliance Foundation (KAF), Khmer M'Chas Srok (KMS), United Cambodian International Council (UCIC),
                                             O’Bon Khmer Ar t Studio (OKAS)
                                                     Page 1 of 3
         Cambodian National Conference 2007
                                                         on the
                                              1991 Paris Peace Agreement s
                                        Washington, DC - October 20 & 21, 2007
      _______________________________________________________________________________________________________

Vietnamese immigrants chased the Cambodian monks out of their temple. The number of illegal
Vietnamese immigrants has increased to the alarming level of 33% of the present total population of
Cambodia and continues to increase considerably every day;

Whereas, the agreement between the Cambodian, Laotian and Vietnamese administrations creating the
“Triangle of Development” zone composed of three provinces of Cambodia (Stung Trèng, Ratanakiri and
Mondulkiri, representing 20% of Cambodia’s land area), three provinces of Laos (Attapeu, Sékong and
Saravan) and four provinces of Vietnam (Gia Lay, Kon Tum, Dac Lac and Dac Nông) was created under
the guise of improving the standard of living of the people (200,000 Cambodians, 500,000 Laotians, and
6,100,000 Vietnamese) in this zone. However, it is in fact a camouflaged neocolonization scheme that
will mainly benefit Vietnam in the context of the de facto master plan of creating an Indochinese
Federation under the strict control of the Vietnamese armed forces;

Whereas, there are an increasing number of unpalpable interferences from Vietnam into Cambodia’s
affairs, treating the Cambodian regime as its subordinate and subservient; for example in the case of the
Venerable Tim Sakhorn, a Cambodian Monk living in the pagoda of Phnom Den of Takeo province of
Cambodia. The Cambodian government was instructed to arrest the Venerable Tim Sakhorn and hand
him over to Vietnam to be imprisoned without having any rights of defense. He is being subjected to
many deprivations similar to the treatment of many Khmer Krom monks in the southern provinces of
Vietnam. The Vietnamese have ignored the various protests and solidarity demonstrations of the Khmer
communities held in the United States of America, France, Australia and other countries, calling for the
release and safety of the Venerable Tim Sakhorn and all other monks that have been arrested and
imprisoned;

Whereas, Mr. Son Chhay, Member of Parliament of the National Assembly of Cambodia, recently
revealed the secret granting of a long-term land concession by the Cambodian administration to Vietnam
without proper procedures. This concession amounts to 100,000 hectares (247,000 acres) for the
cultivation of rubber trees (Hevea) distributed throughout the provinces of Mondolkiri, Kratié, Stung
Trèng, Kompong Thom and Preah Vihear, and was granted with the full knowledge that it will be
managed by the Vietnamese military and its labor forces. Furthermore, an exclusive tourism operation
concession-right to the famous and revered Angkor Wat Temple, a world inheritance site and the pride for
all Cambodians, was also granted to the Vietnamese. These are just some facts to indicate that many key
areas of the Cambodian national economy, including Cambodian hydrocarbon resources, are being
exploited by the Vietnamese; and

Whereas, there are human rights abuses and the loss of sovereignty, independence, and territorial
integrity and inviolability, and the inherent interference by Vietnam in the political, economic, social,
cultural and internal affairs of Cambodia through its subjugated Cambodian administration, the
governments of Vietnam and Cambodia are in direct violation of the guarantees and clauses expressly
stipulated in the Paris Peace Agreements on Cambodia of October 23, 1991.

Therefore, be it resolved that the worldwide participants of the Cambodian National Conference 2007
adopted resolutions to:


                                            This conference was organized by
    Cambodian Amer icans for Human Rights and Demo cracy (CAHRAD), Cambodian American National Council (CANC),
  Cambodian Association of Florida (CAF), Cambodia’s Border Committee (CBC-USA), Coalition for a Free Cambodia (CFC),
       Khmer Alliance Foundation (KAF), Khmer M'Chas Srok (KMS), United Cambodian International Council (UCIC),
                                             O’Bon Khmer Ar t Studio (OKAS)
                                                     Page 2 of 3
         Cambodian National Conference 2007
                                                          on the
                                               1991 Paris Peace Agreement s
                                         Washington, DC - October 20 & 21, 2007
       _______________________________________________________________________________________________________

(A) Launch a solemn appeal to the world, the high institutions, the competent international jurisdictions,
and the signatories of the Paris Peace Agreements on Cambodia of October 23, 1991, in particular the co-
Chairmen of the Paris Conference on Cambodia , to agree to reconvene and institute an ad-hoc committee
to:

        (1) investigate and report violations, and
        (2) ensure the full compliance and respect of the 1991 Paris Peace Agreements by neighboring
            signatory countries, and by Vietnam’s client Cambodian administration.

Only the full compliance of these agreements will allow the Cambodian people to have their fundamental
freedom to exercise their rights in a true democracy without any interference from its immediate
neighbors, to promote and nurture real peace and durable stability among peoples in the region.

(B) Launch a solemn call to all Khmer communities in the Kingdom of Cambodia and abroad, including
all political parties, to preserve our national existence and unity by calling for a full compliance by all
parties concerned with regards to the implementation of the Paris Peace Agreements of 1991; especially
in respect to the Agreement Concerning the Sovereignty, Independence, Territorial Integrity and
Inviolability, Neutrality and National Unity of Cambodia. Khmer people must assume the ultimate
challenge to safeguard and develop our Khmer Nation to the level it deserves among free, prosperous and
democratic people.


Washington, DC, USA
October 21, 2007

Signed by the following co-chairs of the Cambodian National Conference 2007:

 Mr. Tung Yap                                                          Dr. Sakhonn Chak
 Cambodian Americans for Human Rights and Democracy                    Khmer M'Chas Srok

 Mr. Mong Heng                                                         Mr. Masavang Sean
 Cambodian Americans for Human Rights and Democracy                    Khmer M’Chas Srok

 Dr. Nicole Ung                                                        Mr. Chhang Marith
 Coalition for a Free Cambodia                                         Khmer Alliance Foundation

 Mr. Vi Houi                                                           Mr. Kim Hort Ou
 Cambodian American National Council                                   United Cambodian International Council




                                            This conference was organized by
    Cambodian Amer icans for Human Rights and Demo cracy (CAHRAD), Cambodian American National Council (CANC),
  Cambodian Association of Florida (CAF), Cambodia’s Border Committee (CBC-USA), Coalition for a Free Cambodia (CFC),
       Khmer Alliance Foundation (KAF), Khmer M'Chas Srok (KMS), United Cambodian International Council (UCIC),
                                             O’Bon Khmer Ar t Studio (OKAS)
                                                     Page 3 of 3

								
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