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Bottom Up Indonesian Internet In

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					Bottom Up Indonesian
Internet Infrastructure

         Onno W. Purbo
        Onno@indo.net.id
      Independent IT Writer
Important Key Factor
   Human
   Community
   Society



   NOT Technology
   NOT $$$
Overview
   Commercial ISP Development
   Historical View & Tech. Aspects
   Internet Community Development

   Major Achievements
       No backup from World Bank, IMF, ADB
       Bottom-up Community based Sustainable
        development
Key Strategies
   Human factor is the most important KEY.
   Provide Free Education to the Society
   Copyleft & Copywrong movement
       http://www.bogor.net/idkf/
       http://pandu.dhs.org/



   Free? How about the reward?
       God provides reward in unimaginable ways.
 Society Education Process

               Packaging      Dissemin
                                      ate
       lish
P ub

              Feed Back

                    Surfing
Involving Many Volunteers ..
   Michael Sunggiardi (Bogor)
   I Made Wiryana (Germany)
   Umar Tjokroaminoto (Medan)
   Adi Nugroho (Makassar)
   Irwin Day (Makassar)
   Ismail Fahmi (Bandung)
   Etc …
Basic strategy in short ..
   “Either lead or follow but please don’t
    block the road for those who would
    move forward …” Phil Karn at Qualcomm, one
    of the Wireless Internet guru.
Commercial Internet
Development
Commercial ISPs
   APJII = Indonesian ISP Association
   http://www.apjii.or.id
   IndoNet
       the first Indonesian commercial ISP in
        1994.
APJII Membership
   150+ Principal License Holder
   80 Member APJII
   40+ active in providing services
   100+ cities, all provinces
   Common Facilities
       APJII IIX
       APJII IDNIC
           Domain Registration & NIR (APNIC)
Principal & Operational
License
  80

                                                        71
  70

  60

  50

  40                                                                  Prinsip
                                                                      Operasi
  30

  20                    19                                       20
              16                  17
                         13
  10
                              6                 7            6
        2
                   1                    3           2
   0                                        1
       1994            1996            1998             2000
Subscriber Distribution

                        Indosat
                          15%
                                  Linket
Lain2
                                   11%
45%


                                    CBN
                                    10%
         Indonet   Centrin    RadNet
           5%       7%          7%
Targeted Total Indonesian
Internet Users

      6.0

      5.0

      4.0

      3.0

      2.0

      1.0

      0.0
            1999   2000   2001   2002
Indonesia Internet Exchange
         GLOBAL INTERNET




            APJII – IIX
  ISP     (GCC TELKOM)
                           ISP
Some grassroots movements
   Internet Café
   High Speed Wireless Internet (11-
    54Mbps)
Indonesian Internet Cafes
   2000+ Internet Cafes
   Mostly self-finance
   Hangout at asosiasi-
    warnet@yahoogroups.com

   Fight for expanding own network &
    concept towards community based
    network.
Indonesian Internet Café
   Access Cost for Public Users
       Rp. 5000 / hour.
   Access Cost for Students at Schools
       Rp. 5000 / month
   Return of Investment
       1-2 Years (no WB, no IMF, no ADB, no GoI
        funding)
   Internet Café is an affordable solution for
    Indonesian to access the Internet. It may
    enable 20+ million Indonesian to Internet in
    next 4-5 years.
Indonesian Wireless Internet
   Close to 1000 corporate users
   Uses 11Mbps (soon 54Mbps) wireless
    connection
   2.4GHz (soon at 5-5.8GHz)
   Hangout indowli@yahoogroups.com

   Fight for free frequency license
Historical View
   Social (human) Aspects
   Technological Aspects
Network Topology: Jan 1993
   LAPAN
                                   BPPT
                  1200 bps UHF




                  1200 bps                           InterNet
                    UHF



      1200 bps
      2 Meteran              Universitas Indonesia




           ITB

                     LAN
Homebrew Radio Modem
Software & PC based
   286 & e-mail only
   Freeware network operating system
    (NOS)
   Downloadable from
    ftp://ftp.ucsd.edu/hamradio/packet/
                                        CA*net3
   AI3 Indonesia: 1997
                   TransPAC
          WIDE                STARTAP

APAN
          AI3
                      S-One /
                     SingaREN           vBNS


          AI3
       Indonesia       IIX
Current Technology Push
   Wireless Internet 11-54Mbps
       Estimated cost US$150 / unit
   “Unlicensed” band 2.4Ghz, 5-5.8GHz

   Build own network, no Telco!
              Two Way Satellite

             WARNET



                                                                                  InterNet
WARNET                                               Satellite




         WARNET


                      Radio tower   Satellite dish               Satellite dish
Success Factor
   Community based development.
   Human Resource Development
       Culture!
       Shifting mind set!
   Self-financing.

   Human is the key factor!
Access Behavior
   Source: Adi Nugroho adi@internux.co.id
   50% Internet Café in Makassar,
    Sulawesi
   20-27 January 2002.
Logged Access Sites in
Makassar
*.yahoo.com              6.96%
*.yimg.com               6.77%
*.bolehmail.com          4.69%
<error>                  2.98%
*.plasa.com              2.52%
*.astaga.com             2.02%
*.17tahun.com            1.72%
*.doubleclick.net        1.46%
*.extrajos.com           1.40%
*.msn.com                1.16%
*.akamai.net             1.00%
*.freebiespider.com      0.85%
Access Behavior
   Search engine & webmail are the
    the most accessed site.
   News & online media are next.
   Indonesian pornographic site is
    next in the row (not much).
   2.98% users normally mistype the
    URL.
   Yahoo.com & its family is the most
    (13%) accessed site.
Indonesian Internet
Communities
   http://www.yahoogroups.com
   http://groups.yahoo.com
   http://groups.plasa.com

   Survey done at yahoogroups.com
Historical Perspective
   ’90: Indonesians@jamus.berkeley.edu
   ’96: Mailing-lists@itb.ac.id
   ’99: Mailing-lists@yahoogroups.com
Evaluate yahoogroups.com
   45.000+ Indonesian mailing lists
   Mostly <100 subscribers
   Evaluate only >100 subscribers
Evaluation
Total mailing list     49913
Evaluated              30195 (60.5%)
Mailing list > 100 subs 1247 (4.2%)
Mailing lists
total                  1247
Pornography       73 (5.9%)
Social          350 (28.1%)
Religion        155 (12.4%)
Politics          94 (7.5%)
Knowledge       257 (20.6%)
Hobby            110 (8.8%)
Economics         16 (1.3%)
Business        192 (15.4%)
Subscribers
total                451887
Pornography   59871 (13.2%)
Social        87875 (19.4%)
Religion      55055 (12.2%)
Politics       32124 (7.1%)
Knowledge     83736 (18.5%)
Hobby         48342 (10.7%)
Economics       4595 (1.0%)
Business      80289 (17.8%)
Messages in 2001
total                    1593523
Pornography          42590 (2.7%)
Social             371749 (23.3%)
Religion           190427 (12.0%)
Politics           186583 (11.7%)
Knowledge          291544 (18.3%)
Hobby              236023 (14.8%)
Economics            13542 (0.8%)
Business           261065 (16.4%)
Activeness (msg/subs/month)
Pornography              0.71
Social                   4.23
Religion                 3.46
Politics                 5.81
Knowledge                3.48
Hobby                    4.88
Economics                2.95
Business                 3.25
Bandwidth (Kbps)
total                     1,711
Pornography        704 (41.2%)
Social             236 (13.8%)
Religion            146 (8.5%)
Politics            113 (6.6%)
Knowledge          270 (15.8%)
Hobby               103 (6.0%)
Economics             9 (0.6%)
Business            128 (7.5%)
Summary ..
   Copyleft & copywrong movement done by
    many volunteers (not the gov’t) really help in
    providing knowledge to the society & enable them to
    build their own infrastructure.
   Wireless Internet & Internet café
    technology is the key infrastructure. Most of the
    infrastructure are self-finance with no WB, IMF &
    ADB involvement.
   Gov’t of Indonesia most of the time claim our
    sucesses & ask for funding to donor agencies.

				
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