Integrated Technology Services (ITS) Thematic Timeline Software 1968 UNB’s ‘Engineering Library Indexing and Searching Technique’ (ENLIST), a computer implementation of a traditional filecard indexing/cataloguing system was created by Albert Stevens, of UNB’s Department of Civil Engineering.i Jean-Paul Tremblay, a young Faculty member in Computing Science, wrote UNB’s first payroll program. Using a computer language called PL/I, the program was put into production and computed gross pay, deductions and produced the appropriate accounting reports and cheques. This program would work be used for UNB’s payroll for 30 years.ii 1969 FABLE, a high speed batch service on a self service card reader/printer was initiated at UNB.iii 1970 The Baylor Executive System for Teleprocessing (BEST) was selected for use at the UNB Computing Centre as a vehicle to satisfy existing interactive teleprocessing requirements.iv 1972 A Programming Language (APL) language and time sharing system made service available via Typewriter Terminals at UNB.v A considerable commitment from the mainframe was devoted to the new system of student evaluation implemented at UNB – the change was from percentages to letter grades and the GPA system.vi 1973 Single Virtual System (SVS) operating system was implemented at UNB. Released by IBM in 1972, OS/VS2 replaced the Multitasking with a Fixed number of Tasks (MFT), permitting systems to function with additional virtual allocations of space beyond the computer’s physical memory.vii Remote Job Entry (RJE) was developed at UNB for use with APL and involved modifications to the HASP system to support.viii 1976 Based on a system designed by Blackwell North America (Canada), an experiment in computerized library cataloguing is undertaken by the Association of Atlantic Universities at UNB. The database provided Machine Readable Cataloguing Cards (MARC) and was updated weekly on tapes. The system was designed to support simultaneously the cataloguing and book processing activities of libraries, either individually or in groups, and services were offered, from UNB as the hub, to any library within the Maritime provinces, or to any library in Canada.ix 1979 VSPC – Time Sharing introduced to UNB, providing interactive service with APL, Basic FORTRAN and Remote Job Entry (RJE) access to Batch services.x UNB was one of the first institutions in the world to acquire it. Considered at the time to be IBM’s flagship product, VSPC was a time-sharing system, i.e. instead of using the usual punched cards and running down to the one card reader, you could sign on at a terminal and do your programming from there - even from your own office – quite a novel concept at the time!xi UNB migrates from SVS to a Multiple Virtual Storage (MVS) operating system.xii 1980 UNB implements MVS/SE.xiii Harriet Irving Library’s PHOENIX system is implemented. The first online library catalogue in the country, PHOENIX was developed by UNB’s Brian Lesser, a programmer/analyst in the Computer Centre.xiv 1983 Online access to student records first occurred, initially through Time Sharing Operating System (TSO), and subsequently through Customer Information Computer System (CICS); CICS was an expensive program, costing at the time circa $20,000/month.xv 1985 The Computing Centre, with the support of the School of Computer Science and research contract funds, installed a ‘state of the art’ Data Base Management system. This would be used in research and teaching as well as to meet internal administrative needs.xvi 1986 The VECTOR facility, a processor, was added to the mainframe in August of ’86. It was the first installed at a Canadian University and the world’s first on a 3090-180. The Vector was an extension of the central processor’s instruction and execution elements that allows the CPU to execute vector arithmetic and logical operations on up to 128 sets of operands with a single instruction. xvii Also added was an IBM 7171 protocol converter.xviii 1988 Multi-User System for Interactive Computing (MUSICxix), an interactive terminal system, replaced the VSPC as the primary interactive service on UNB’s mainframes. MUSIC ran on an IBM 9370, and was accessible from most mainframe terminals on campus, from the campus Local Area Network (LAN); it also had dialup accessxx. xxi Unix (an industry standard operating system initially for small to moderate sized computers, widely used in scientific and engineering workstations) was introduced in 1988, and became widely available at UNB and included 6 public networked machines by 1990.xxii UNB’s administrative applications and on-line users began its upward hike. In 1988, UNB had about 170 clients in 10 application areas, including libraries. By the end of 1996, CSD was supporting 845 users in approximately 25 systems.xxiii 1989 PHOENIX, the library database, moved to the Customer Information Control System (CICS) system of transaction, increasing efficiency in computer communications, and became accessible through MUSIC.xxiv 1990 The indexing and abstracting service of the Educational Resources Information Centre (ERIC) was added to the PHOENIX system. This database gave more than 600,000 citations to journal articles and research reports.xxv 1991 CSD, in a joint venture with the Geology department, purchased a site license for the Ingres database system on the SUN Unix platforms. This was upgraded during the 1993- 94, and again during the 1994-95 years, adding among other things development tools for clients.xxvi 1995 PHOENIX and other related circulation, serials and order processing applications are retired, and a new system, called QUEST is introduced at UNB’s Libraries. QUEST uses a commercial product called Unicorn, from SIRSI. QUEST is a client/server application. It uses open systems such as UNIX, WWW, and TCP/IP.xxvii QUEST was placed on a Sun Sparc 1000 machine.xxviii Significant work was done to install and tailor the new ESA operating system to replace the MVS/XA for production use on the MVS mainframe. The move to ESA allowed CSD to continue to run current and supported operating systems and provided a better online system performance with a more current version of CICS.xxix 1997 DATATEL, a suite of administrative applications, was introduced at UNB to replace the 30 year old accounting/payroll system at use in UNB. The program would take a few years to be fully implemented.xxx 1999 UNB was the first site in the world to successfully run WebAdvisor for student registration. xxxi 2000 PSyCo, UNB’s own presentation system for courses, was retired, and the widely used, web-based course delivery and management tool – WebCT- was adopted.xxxii The Fluency in Information Technology program (FITness) was initiated. This program, delivered via the web, was designed to improve the information and communications technology (ICT) skills of the entire multi-campus community.xxxiii 2003 The site licence for Word Perfect was terminated, with support being phased out after an additional 3 years.xxxiv 2005 The eLUCIdator, (LUCI), an open source, Unix-based program intended to make web sites more accessible to individuals with specific disabilities was developed for UNB’s website. When used, LUCI strips out all the images, all the inaccessible JAVA script, and any other elements that make it difficult to access the required information. Based on Betsie, or BBC’s Education Text to Speech Internet Enhancer, a program created by BBC Online in the late 1990s, LUCI enabled the secure side of UNB’s website to also be made accessible. xxxv 2006 A major upgrade to the learning management system for use on both campuses (i.e. WebCT CE4 to Blackboard CE6) (UNBF and UNBSJ): Implementation of the latest version of the online learning system has added value to the learning experience for instructors and students by providing enhanced collaboration and delivery features.xxxvi Investments were made to acquire and implement an enterprise backup solution to replace the existing multiple solutions. In addition to addressing the issues for the Fredericton campus, the enterprise backup strategy and supporting solution were developed in conjunction with the Saint John campus. xxxvii 2007 In conjunction with the business units, a major release of the Datatel suite (integrated administrative and financial systems used at UNB) of products was implemented in December. This update included a significant change to the underlying technical architecture of the product.xxxviii i Compilation: Vol14 no1 January 1981. ii CSD Annual Report and Planning Document, March 1998. iii Meeting with Dave Macneil, Aug 7.08. iv - proposal for revision of the Baylor Executive System for teleprocessing by Patrick Emin, dated April 1972. (filed in Bobby Jones’ office.) v From the Historical Development of UNB’s Central Computing Equipment chart – we have : - From v5no7 June 1972 – V6no1 Oct1972 – describes APL. vi July 22 meeting with Kirby Keyser.0 vii From the Historical Development of UNB’s Central Computing Equipment chart – we have : Virtual Memory system. What does Virtual Memory system mean? Significant? ASK BRIAN KAYE TO CLARIFY. viii Email from Tony Fitzgerald, aug 14, 2008. – of note, tony says that he has a School of Computer Science technical report with details – currently have his documentation if we wish to include any specifics in the report. ix Educational Digest, May 1977 -- document provided by David Macneil. – added sept30/08 x Meeting with Dave Macneil, Aug.7.08. xi From the Historical Development of UNB’s Central Computing Equipment chart – we have :- VSPC Time-sharing. -1979: - Vol 12 no5 August 1979 Compilation; - Also in a letter dated January 1989 in the Compilation; - Email from Steve Rosenfeld, Wednesday June 25, 2008. xii From the Historical Development of UNB’s Central Computing Equipment chart – we have : - Move to MVS – production of MVS – ahead of schedule.- Also listed in the manager’s meeting of February 9, 1979. Bobby Jones’ files. xiii From Hotnews Tuesday, September 9, 1980. xiv Director’s meetings notes, September 11 and 18, 1980, discuss the training of library staff in PHOENIX. (folder entitled 1981 in Bobby Jones’ files) xv Gleaned from the July 22 interview with Kirby Keyser xvi Report to the Board of Governors – COMPUTING CENTRE – January 25, 1985. xvii From the Historical Development of UNB’s Central Computing Equipment chart – we have : The vector facility added ; Compilation: Vol19no3 October 1986. xviii Doug Beairsto interview. xix From the Historical Development of UNB’s Central Computing Equipment chart – we have : Second CPU added, MUSIC system. xx From Memo: To all VSPC users, dated January 1989, included in the Compilation binders.(Volume 22). xxi Compilation: Vol21no3 November 1988 . xxii Vol23no1 January 1990. xxiii CSD Annual report 1995-96 (Covering letter for the 1996-97 budget) – page 18 xxiv Compilation: Vol 22 no3. xxv Compilation Vol23 no1 January 1990. xxvi CSD Annual report 1995-96 (Covering letter for the 1996-97 budget) xxvii Computing Services Annual Report for 1995-96, page 22. xxviii Computing Services Annual Report for 1996-97. xxix CSD Annual report 1995-96 (Covering letter for the 1996-97 budget)page 19. xxx CSD Annual Report and Planning Document, March 1998. --- NEED TO CONFIRM YEAR. xxxi Annual Report & Planning Document, March 2000 page 6. xxxii Annual Report, Integrated Technology Services March 2001), page 4. xxxiii Annual Report, Integrated Technology Services March 2001), page 5. xxxiv University of NB email report to VP finance – dated June 2003, provided by Peter Ruddock. xxxv April 2005 ITS Newsletter http://www.unbf.ca/its/techspeak/itsnews/apr2005.pdf. xxxvi Annual Report of the Vice President (Finance and Corporate Services) for the 2006-07 year. xxxvii Annual Report of the Vice President (Finance and Corporate Services) for the 2006-07 year. xxxviii Annual Report of the Vice President (Finance and Corporate Services) for the 2007-08 year.
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