Can Businesses Charge for Paying with a Credit Card
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Location Europe (European Union) Netherlands (ICT-Milieu) Netherlands (NVMP) Program type Extended Producer Responsibility Extended Producer Responsibility Advanced Recovery Fee The Waste Electric and Electronic Equipment Legislation Disposal of White and Brown Goods Decree Disposal of White and Brown Goods Decree (WEEE) Directive Status/ Effective Passed, 12/18/02 Enacted, 1/1/99 Enacted, 1/1/99 date Ministry for Housing, Regional Development and the Environment; Netherlands Association for Disposal Administrative ICT-Milieu - industry organization established by European Union of "Metalectro" Products (NVMP) - executive entity(ies) electronics manufacturers and importers organization formed by electronics manufacturers & importers IT & telecommunication equipments and all Computers, notebooks, modems, disk drives, equipments (under Annex IA) that transfer, measure, Television, DVDs, and other brown goods. Also Covered Products printers, scanners, copiers, fax machines, and or are dependent on current/electromagnetic fields, white goods other grey goods using voltage rating < 1000V AC and 1500V DC Directive requires EU members to keep a register of Dutch manufacturers & importers form ICT-Milieu Dutch manufacturers & importers appoint the NVMP producers, quantities & categories of WEEE to implement collection program. Based on to implement program for collection and disposal. What does marketed and collected. Member states must market shares & brands, ICT send invoices to The program uses "disposal levy", charged to program do? minimize WEE in municipal waste and establish each manufacturers for costs of collection and consumers at point of purchase, to pay for the monitoring, compliance & inspection systems. processing. disposal structure. Finance collection from collection facilities and the Submit notification of program intent & treatment, recovery & environmentally sound description to the Minister. Register in national Submit notification of program intent and description disposal for own product. Develop reuse & treatment Manufacturer database and report types & number of products to the Minister. Make bi-monthly reports on the procedures for all new products within one year of Responsibility sold. Pay for collection and processing based on numbers of covered products sold and the introduction. Plan to prevent cost of orphan waste brands collected (before 2003) and market transaction of disposal levy for products from falling on society before putting new product on shares sales data (beginning 2003) market Fees charged Possible ARF (not visible). No fees charged to Fees equivalent to $7.50 USD per television. Others costs or fee households at municipalities, no fees for one-to-one, Possible ARF (not visible). devices may be free or at fixed cost. No fees if it's levels? old-for-new take back at retailers/distributors one-to-one, old-for-new take back at retailers Consumers pay visible ARF, in the form of "disposal Who pays fee? Consumers may have to pay invisible ARF Consumers may have to pay invisible ARF levy" Invisible ARF may be passed through retailers to Retailers (compensated w/ 10% of fees) collect and Who collect fees? Unspecified, determined by member states manufacturers deposit into ARF fund Fees paid & what Fees, if applied, may pay for transport and Fees pay for collection, transport, processing, and Unspecified, determined by member states fees covered? processing promotions Collection done by retailers, distribution centers & Collection done by 600 retailers, 50 distribution Collection Member states plan own collection systems. some regional municipal centers, then handed centers, & regional municipal centers, then given to infrastructure? Collection may be done by municipalities or retailers over to ICT to be stored at regional storage NVMP-transport services to send to regional storage stations (ROS) stations (ROS) and recyclers Seal or labeling WEEE produced after 8/13/05 must be labeled with None None required? standard mark (crossed-out wheelie bin) Target recovery rate must be at least 80% by Rates, dates, average weight per appliance; recycling & reuse of Recycle 69% of televisions, 73% of large white Processing statistics must be reported to the accountability component, material, and substance must be at goods, 75% cooling/freezing units, and 53% of other Ministry of Environment mechanisms least 77% by average weight per appliance by appliances by the year 2000 12/31/06. Exporters provide proof of compliance with EU Export in compliance with OECD guidelines and Export in compliance with OECD guidelines and EU Export? Council Regulations EU regulations regulations Exceed 2000 targeted recycling rates w/ 78% for By June 2003, Austria, Belgium, Netherlands, Recovery of 5.9 million lbs in 1999, increase (by Reportable televisions, 74% large white goods, 86% Norway, Sweden, and Switzerland have established 150%) to 14.7 in 2000, 18.7 in 2001, 22 in 2002, results? cooling/freezing units, 64% others. Collected a total recycling programs based on WEEE Directive and expecting 26 million lbs in 2003 of 125 million lbs at 7.9 lbs/person. Location Japan (SHAR Law) Japan (Recycling Promotion Law) United States (Mail-back Program) Program type End-of-life Fee Hybrid (End-of-life and EPR) End-of-life Fee Revised Law for Promotion and Effective Utilization Legislation Specified Home Appliance Recycling Law No legislation of Resources Status/ Effective Revised to include PCs in businesses and Enacted, 6/1/98. Fully enforced, 4/1/01 Program introduced in 4/01 date households, 10/1/03 Various Ministers, depending on the types of Administrative Ministry of Health and Welfare, Minister of Type I products; the Japanese Electronics and Information Hewlett-Packard entity(ies) products Technology Association (JEITA) - industrial trade association representing major manufacturers Computers, monitors, printers, scanners, fax Televisions (CRTs only). Also refrigerators, Computers (may include small peripherals), copy Covered Products machines, desktop servers, and other computer washing machines, and air conditioners machines peripherals Manufacturers are required to establish their own Law requires manufacturers to take back & recycle collection and recycling systems for computers. HP establish its own take-back program for appliances. Manufacturer may charge fees to pay What does Systems are financed by end-of-life fees (for consumers and businesses. End-users can select for transport and recycling; retailers & program do? computers sold before 10/1/03) and fees and pay for recycling service via automated order municipalities are responsible for collecting incorporated into price tags (computers sold after or custom quote (over 10 items) online. appliances and fees from consumers. 10/1/03). Design products for more recyclable materials and ease of disassembly & recycling. Take back Design products for more recyclable materials and Provide recycling services to consumers and Manufacturer appliances that were manufactured or imported. ease of disassembly & recycling. Take back businesses. Implement own DfE guidelines & Responsibility Provide recycling in compliance with govt' electronics and provide recycling in compliance with Environmental, Health, and Safety policy standards. Set & publish recycling fee for each govt' standards appliance Fees charged Fees equivalent to $25-35 USD per television, Fees equivalent to $27-37 USD per PC purchased Fees levels depend on types and conditions. costs or fee depending on the manufacturer. Other appliances before 10/1/03. Fees incorporated into price tags of Automated order service ranges $13-34 per item levels? range from $20 to $55. PCs after 10/1/03 End-users pays end-of-life fees for PCs purchased Who pays fee? End-users pay end-of-life fees before 10/1/03. Consumers pay ARF fees Consumer pay end-of-life fee online, by credit card incorporated into price tags after 10/1/03 Japan Post & municipalities (product sold before Retailers/municipalities collect fees to pay for Who collect fees? 10/1/03). Invisible ARF pass through retailers to Manufacturer (Hewlett-Packard) collection and remit the rest to manufacturers manufacturers after 10/1/03 Fees paid & what Fees pay for costs of collection, transport, and Fees pay for collection and recycling Fees pay for transport and processing fees covered? recycling Consumers deliver to retailers and municipalities, Manufacturer (HP) arranges and schedules pick- Consumers may arrange for home pick-ups or drop Collection who collect and transfer appliances to ups by UPS for example, or by other means based off at Japan Post. There are 20,000 post offices that infrastructure? manufacturers for recycling at 4 established on custom quotes. End-users are responsible for collect PCs and send them to recycling facilities facilities packaging for shipment. Seal or labeling Computers sold after 10/1/03 must bear PC None None required? Recycling Marks Rates, dates, Recycling rate for television must be at least 55% Products will be 99.9% free of hazardous accountability by weight. Recycling rate for all appliances must be None stated substances under EU RoHS (Restriction of mechanisms 50-60% by weight Hazardous Substance) by July 2006 Export? Export in compliance with OECD guidelines Export in compliance with OECD guidelines No export of waste, due to HP policies Recycling rate of 87% in 2003 for data-collection and Reportable Exceed target recycling rate for television by 75% telecommunication equipments. Collected 9,280 Results not released results? in 2002 tons of computers, PCs, and printers Location United States (Trade-in Program) United States (Shared Responsibility) United States Program type End-of-life Fee, Rebate Manufacturer Subsidized End-of-life Fee Retailer-Producer Responsibility Legislation No legislation No legislation No legislation Status/ Effective Program launched in 2003 Program launched in 8/02 Active 7/18/04 to 9/6/04 date NxtCycle, subsidized by participating manufacturers Administrative Market Velocity Inc. (MVI) - trade-in & recycling JVC, Panasonic, Sharp, Sony Electronics, Lexmark Office Depot Inc.; Hewlett-Packard entity(ies) company sponsored by Gateway (printers) Desktops, notebooks, keyboards, mice, printers, Monitors, desktops, notebooks, printers, and Monitors, televisions, printers, and other many other scanners, fax machines, copiers, flat panel Covered Products servers types of electronics displays, monitors, TVs (27" or smaller), TV/VCR combos & cell phones Manufacturer (Gateway) hires a third party (MVI) to Recycler (NxtCycle) establishes Shared Retailer (Office Depot) organize a two-month provide trade-in & recycling service. Consumers Responsibility Program where end-users pay fees for collection event for free electronics drop-offs at What does can pay for recycling electronics online; to receive a electronics drop-offs & receive credits for turning in store locations. Electronics are collected & program do? rebate, they must purchase Gateway product and brands of participating manufacturers. NxtCycle bills transported via Office Depot's reverse logistic mail in proof of purchase to MVI within 30 days. each manufacturer their share of the credits. infrastructure and sent to HP facilities for recycling. May choose to sponsor a third-party to handle trade- Subsidize the processing costs of own branded in and recycling (manufacturer is not involved in Responsible for transport from distribution Manufacturer products collected and recycled (by NxtCycle) by transaction nor responsible for any disputes, facilities to recycling facilities and Responsibility paying bills at the rates of $4.50 per TV/monitor, claims, demands, and/or damages resulted from processing/recycling electronics $0.05 per lb for printers trade-in services) Fees charged Fees depend on the type and condition of Fees levels determined by collection sites' costs or fee electronics; packaging costs are $50 for printers No fees (limit to one unit per day per person) organizers/sponsors levels? and $35 for others. Consumers pay end-of-life fees online, by credit End-users pay end-of-life fees & receive credits for Who pays fee? card, and receive rebate when purchase new Dell No one dropping-off participating brands products Organizers/sponsors of collection sites Who collect fees? Trade-in/recycling company (MVI) No one (municipalities, WM facilities, etc.) Fees paid & what Fees pay for packaging, recycling, and remarketing Fees pay for cost of collection and transportation No fees fees covered? End-users drop-off electronics at various designated End-users drop-off electronics at over 800 retail Trade-in company sends boxes & shipping labels Collection collection sites (retailers, municipalities, WM locations (Office Depot). Electronics transported to so end-users can package & ship off electronics via infrastructure? facilities, permanent drop-offs, etc.) for transport to distribution facilities and then to manufacturer FedEx, UPS, or other transport-logistics services NxtCycle (HP) for recycling Seal or labeling Electronics subsidized by manufacturers must be None None required? labeled with brand names Rates, dates, accountability None stated None stated None stated mechanisms No export of waste, in compliance with EPA Export? No overseas export, due to cost effective measures No export of waste, as specified by HP policies guidelines Collected 76,731 CPUs, 113,375 monitors, 51,665 Reportable In 2002, collected 38,500 CRTs (devices) from 16 Results not released printers & scanners, and 24,789 TVs. Total results? special events and 19 permanent drop-off sites amount of electronics collected is 5,275 tons. Location California Maine King County, Washington Extended Producer Responsibility (Cost- Program type Advanced Recovery Fee End-of-life Fee Internalization) Legislation SB 20, Electronic Waste Recycling Act LD 1892 No legislation Status/ Effective Enacted, 1/1/05 Enacted, 4/22/04 Program launched in 2003 date Take-It-Back Network (TIBN) - establish by King The California Integrated Waste Management County Solid Waste Division (SWD) in Administrative Board (CIWMB); the Department of Toxic Maine Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) coordination with Seattle Public Utilities & entity(ies) Substance Control (DTSC); Board of Equalization Snohomish County Solid Waste Division. The (BOE) TIBN has a total of 20 members in King County. Computers (CPUs), CRTs & CRT devices, and flat CRTs, LCDs, plasma displays, laptops, computer panel displays/video display devices with screen CPUs, monitors, televisions, printers, scanners, Covered Products monitors, and televisions (devices with video greater than 4" diagonally and one or more circuit fax machines, peripherals, and others display screens 4" diagonally or larger) boards Take-It-Back Network encourages private sector Statewide program using advanced recovery fees State require manufacturers to plan for collection and involvement by offering technical assistance to collected from consumers to pay for collection and recycling/reuse of household electronics received from What does members. In exchange, TIBN members recycling of electronics. Fees are deposited into consolidation facilities. Consolidation facilities collect program do? (electronics resellers, recyclers, repair shops, Electronic Waste Recovery and Recycling & transport electronics from municipalities for storage, retail/thrift stores, non-profits) provide collection Account to be dispensed by the CIWMB. then invoice manufacturers for costs incurred. sites and recycling services. Develop & submit plans for recycling/reuse that meet Demonstrate annual increase in amount of DEP Environmentally Sound Management Guidelines; recyclable materials and decrease in amount of cooperate w/ consolidation facilities to implement Manufacturer toxic substances in electronic devices. Make program by 2006 (may be financed by ARF, no end-of- None Responsibility annual reports to CIWMB on types and amount of life fees). Reimburse consolidation facilities for costs electronics sold. Inform retailers and BOE if of handling, transport, recycling within 90 days; device is covered electronics. responsible for pro rata share of orphan waste Fees charged Fees are $6 for device w/ screen size less than Possible ARF (may be invisible), as determined by costs or fee 15", $8 for sizes equal to or between 15" and 35", Fees determined by TIBN members manufacturers levels? $10 for sizes greater than 35" Who pays fee? Consumers pay visible ARF Consumers may have to pay ARF End-users pay end-of-life fees Retailers, may retain 3% of fees to pay for Who collect fees? May be determined by manufacturers TIBN members administrative costs Fees pay for collection ($0.20/lb, adjustable), Fees paid & what recycling ($0.28/lb, adjustable), manufacturers' Fees, if applied, pay for collection, transport, and Fees pay for collection, transport, and recycling fees covered? take-back, administration, public education recycling campaign (1% of fees) Municipalities run their own collection systems & send End-users either drop off equipment at the Collection Collectors/recyclers must be authorized and electronics to consolidation facilities. Consolidation collection sites or use pick up services offer by infrastructure? approved by the DTSC and CIWMB, respectively facilities collect, count brands, provide storage, then some sites transport to recyclers Manufacturers label electronics w/ information on Seal or labeling where and how to return, recycle, and dispose Electronics must be labeled with manufacturer's brand None required? electronics By 2006, consolidation facilities identify manufacturers Beginning 2005, prohibit sales of electronics of & account for number of computers & TVs collected; Rates, dates, manufacturers who do not comply with the sales of electronics by manufacturers failed to meet accountability Electronic Waste Recycling Act. Prohibit sales of DEP Guidelines are prohibited. DEP will make None stated mechanisms electronics banned by the European Union by Jan biannual report on recycling rates, compliance, 1, 2007. enforcement, & recommended changes from 2008- 2014. Export in compliance w/ OECD guidelines, even if Export in compliance w/ federal and international laws. destination is non-OECD country. Exporters must Members agree to export only to members of the Exporters must maintain records of destination, Export? notify DTSC of destination, contents/volume, European Union or OECD. No export to contents & volumes shipped, intended use, etc. for intended use, etc. & demonstrate compliance w/ developing nations. minimum of 3 years law By Jan 2005, there are 20 authorized recyclers, Reportable In 2003/2004 collected 8200 TVs, 67,000 100 authorized collectors, and 2,000 retailers Pending results? monitors, 59,400 computers and 2100 peripherals. registered to collect ARF Location Clark County, Washington (CREAM) Douglas-Chelan County, Washington Franklin County, Washington Program type Subsidy End-of-life Fee Subsidized End-of-life Fee Legislation No legislation No legislation No legislation Status/ Effective Program launched in 2003 Event held on 6/24/03 Event held on 10/23/04 date CREAM (Computer Reuse/Recycling and Marketing) Team - partnership of Dept. of Public Administrative Works, Vancouver SW Services, Clark College, Douglas and Chelan Counties Franklin County, Basin Disposal entity(ies) Clark County Sheriff's Office, Work Center, Salvation Army, & Columbia Resource Company Computers & peripherals, monitors, printers, fax Computers, keyboards, monitors, printers, CPU's, monitors, printers, scanners, and television. Covered Products machines, television, VCRs, camcorders, radios, scanners, fax machines, televisions, VCRs audio Also include keyboards, mice, and speakers. etc. equiptments, microwave ovens, and miscellaneous. In 2003, Clark County CREAM Program uses Douglas & Chelan Counties hold one-day collection Franklin County partnered with Basin Disposal to CPG grant to fund 15 one-day events, a four-days- event for small businesses to drop off electronics at hold one day collection event for residents and What does a-week drop-off at the Work Center, and a the Eastmont School District Maintenace Shop. small businesses. Event is funded by end-of-life program do? monthly collection event east county. The Prior to the event, the counties send out as surveys fees with donated labor and set-up costs from the program plan to refurbish, reuse, or recycle the so businesses can pre-register. county and Basin Disposal. electronics collected. Manufacturer None None None Responsibility $10 per CPU, $12 per monitor, $5 per $10 per computer, $12 per monitor < 17", $20 per Fees charged scanner/printer; $15 for television less than 15", monitor > 17", $15-$45 per television; for other costs or fee No fees (for Clark County residents only) $17 for 20"-24", $20 for 26"-36" w/ an additional $1 electronics, $10 for the first 15 lbs and $0.30 for levels? for each inch greater than 36" each additional lb Who pays fee? No fees End-users pay end-of-life fees End-users pay end-of-life fees Who collect fees? No one The counties (Douglas and Chelan) The county (Franklin County) Fees paid & what No fees Fees pay for transport and processing Fees pay for transport and processing fees covered? End-users deliver electronics to collection site; Collection End-users deliver electronics to colllection site to collectors transported to reburbishers, dismantler, End-users drop-off electronics at site infrastructure? be transported to dismantler or charities Seal or labeling None None None required? Rates, dates, End-users (small businesses) must complete pre- accountability None None stated registration form in order to participate in the event. mechanisms Export? No export of waste overseas No export of waste overseas Collected 30,575 lbs of CPUs, 37,345 lbs of Collected 50 computers, 106 monitors, and 19 Reportable Collected 157 CPUs, 267 monitors, 9 scanners, monitors, 23,450 lbs of televsion and a total televisions; total weight of all electronics collected is results? and 2 televisions 104,810 lbs of electronics in 2003. 7,540 lbs Location Snohomish County, Washington Kirkland, Washington Tukwila, Washington Program type End-of-life Fee Municipal Curbside Collection Fee Retailer Subsidized End-of-life Fee Legislation No legislation No legislation No legislation Status/ Effective Program launched in 2003 Program launched in 12/03 Event held on weekend, 10/12/01 to 10/13/01 date Administrative Snohomish County City of Kirkland; Kirkland Waste Management Best Buy entity(ies) Computers, monitors, laptops, televisions, TV- Computers, televisions (21" screen or less), VCR combos, computer peripherals, Computers, monitors, printers, fax machines, TV's, Covered Products VCRs, computer/audio equipments, and cell computer/TV related products, audio/video VCRs, stereos, camcorders, and cell phones phones equipments City incorporated electronics pick-up into its Snohomish County has three transfer stations curbside garbage collection under the contract Retailer (Best Buy) organize and finance collection What does accepting a maximum of 3 units per day for each with Waste Management-Sno King. Residents event. End-users pay fees to drop-off electronics program do? type of electronics. Residents may drop-off are encouraged to recycle by lower fee rates for at the store parking lot. electronics by paying end-of-life fees. less garbage. Manufacturer None None None Responsibility Fees charged $14 for monitor, $10 for CPU/laptops, $20 for Fee is $5 per vehicle with additional $10 per Fees incorporated into cost of regular garbage costs or fee television, $27 for TV-VCR combo, $3 for large monitor, $15 per 27" screen or less and $30 for pick-up service levels? peripherals, $10 for TV-relateds greater than 27" screen TV Who pays fee? End-users pay end-of-life fees End-users (households) End-users pay end-of-life fees Who collect fees? County-operated transfer stations The city, which contracts collector/hauler Best Buy Fees paid & what Fees pay for processing and recycling Fees pay for transport and recycling Fees defray cost of transport and recycling fees covered? End-users leave electronics on curbside at the End-users drop-off electronics at retail store Collection End-users drop off electronics at transfer time of regular garbage collection; electronics parking lot. Electronics removed directly from infrastructure? stations to be transported to dismantler are picked up by haulers vehicles by staffs and transported to recycler Seal or labeling None None None required? Rates, dates, accountability None stated None stated None stated mechanisms No overseas export, due to cost effective Export? No export of waste overseas No export of waste overseas measures Collected 73,371 lbs of monitors, 53,532 lbs of Collected 6,526 lbs of CPUs, 6,523 lbs of Reportable Collected a total of 61,485 lbs in 10 months, computers & peripherals, and 346,450 lbs of monitors, and 9,098 lbs of TVs. Total amount of results? from Dec 2003 to Sept 2004. televisions in 2003 all electronics collected is 29,137 lbs.