Companies That Purchase Oak Tree Logs - DOC

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					Contact: Jeannie Keating 317-696-9695 or Email jkeating@isda.in.gov

Media Tip Sheet: “How does a tree become another wood product?”

Tree  log  log treatment center (for overseas export only)  export hardwood lumber and products
to an overseas company or sold to an Indiana company for further processing sold to consumers
globally or domestically

Indiana-based Hardwoods Company

Who: Indiana Veneers Corporation

What: Indiana Veneers is known for its long and outstanding world-wide reputation for high
quality hardwood veneer production. Indiana Veneers fine hardwood veneers are used all over
the world.

Where: 1121 East 24th Street, Indianapolis, Ind.

When: The Company was originally founded in 1892 and had several owners until Werner
Lorenz purchased the company in 1978.

Why: Veneers are thin layers of wood or other material for facing or inlaying wood.

How are veneers made?

Step 1: The veneer production process starts with the purchase of veneer-quality hardwood trees
        including White Oak, Cherry, Walnut, Hickory, Maple and Red Oak hardwood species. It is
        important to select the right veneer-quality log in order to produce high-grade veneer.

Step 2: As the logs arrive at the mill, they will be inspected and reconciled against the purchase.

Step 3: Logs then go through a “debarker” to remove the bark from the tree. The bark waste is sold to
         mulching companies and used to produce hardwood mulch.

Step 4: The logs then move into the sawmill where the real artwork begins. The first cut of the log
        decides the look and appearance of the veneer. The parts of the log produced are referred to as
        “flitches.”
Step 5: In order to make the wood pliable for the slicing process the flitches are soaked in a vat of hot
         water. There is no official recipe on how to cook (soak) the logs, therefore every company has
         their own secret recipe.

Step 6: The flitches are removed from the vats and cleaned. To clean the flitches an employee hand
        plane each one to remove debris like sand or dirt that will damage the veneer cutting knife
        during the slicing process.

Step 7: Flitches are then planed on one side by a large planer to create a flat surface that is important
        when mounting the flitch to the veneer slicer.

Step 8: The wood goes through the slicing process. Veneer knife setup and blade angles are crucial for
        producing high grade veneer. This process is very demanding as each log is cut into sheets of
        veneer that have an average thickness of 1/50th of an inch.

Step 9: The veneer is dried or cured. For this process, large steam heated press dryers that have
        stainless steel belts are used to transport each sheet of veneer individually.

Step 10: As the sheets of veneer exit the press dryers they are combined into 24 or 32 sheet bundles.

Step 11: The bundles of veneer are clipped (trimmed) to make a rectangular shape and the bundles are
        strapped to keep the veneer together.

Step 12: The veneer is measured. Using the data from the log purchases and the measurements from
        the clipping process the company knows how many square feet it has from each log, giving us
        the actual yield and therefore the cost. The unique situation in the veneer business is the
        customer pays for the market value of the veneer.

Step 13: The final step in the veneer production process is sorting, grading and marketing the veneer.


            Thanks to Indiana Veneers Corporation for describing their process.
Indiana Veneers is known for its long and outstanding world-wide reputation for high-quality
  hardwood veneer production. Their hardwood veneers are used all over the world and to
                     date Indiana Veneers has exported to 42 countries.


Tours
             Tours of Indiana Veneers Corporation are available “on-call.”
                    o To request a tour, please contact Jeannie Keating of ISDA, (317) 696-9695 or
                      jkeating@isda.in.gov.

             Tours of Indiana Hardwood Specialists is also available “on-call.”
                    o To request a tour, please contact Jeannie Keating of ISDA, (317) 696-9695 or
                      jkeating@isda.in.gov.

                    Indiana Hardwood Specialists
                 4341 N US Highway 231
                 Spencer, IN 47460
                 Phone: (812) 829-4866
                 Contact: Tom or Ronda Derleth

                 Manufacturer of quality unfinished hardwood flooring and accessories.




Visuals
           A PowerPoint is available on the ISDA Web site www.in.gov/isda. Click 2008 State Fair
            under “Features.”

				
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