Political Science Political science is the systematic study of political life. Political scientists study government, political parties, pressure groups, international relations, and public administration. All these are activities of individual and groups, and involve basic human relationship. Political science deals with such fundamental values as equality, freedom, justice, and power. Political science is closely related to history, law, philosophy, and sociology. History provides much of the raw material with which the political scientist works. Law, especially public law, supplies framework of formal ideas of political scientists. Philosophy relates political science to the other sciences, and sociology provides the social setting for the facts of political life. The importance of political science has increased greatly with the growth and spread of democracy during modern times. In every democratic country, political science is essential in the processes of government. The political scientist studies these processes and operations of government agencies and departments. His work provides a factual basis for criticism and reform – probably the most important elements of democratic government. Political scientists also develop useful materials for the education of the young. Without that kind of training for future citizens a democratic society could not prosper.