Halloween by liwenting



31 October
• Halloween (also spelled Hallowe'en) is an
  annual holiday celebrated on October 31.
  It has roots in the Celtic festival of
  Samhain and the Christian holy day of All
  Saints, but is today largely a secular

• Halloween activities include trick-or-
  treating , wearing costumes and attending
  costume parties, carving jack-o'-lanterns,
  ghost tours, bonfires, apple bobbing,
  visiting haunted attractions, pranks, telling
  scary stories, and watching horror films.
• Historian Nicholas Rogers, exploring the
  origins of Halloween, notes that while
  "some folklorists have detected its origins
  in the Roman feast of Pomona, the
  goddess of fruits and seeds, or in the
  festival of the dead called Parentalia, [it is]
  more typically linked to the Celtic festival
  of Samhain or Samuin (pronounced sow-
  an or sow-in)" The name is derived from
  Old Irish and means roughly "summer's
  end". A similar festival was held by the
  ancient Britons and is known as Calan
  Gaeaf (pronounced Kálan Gái av).
            Origin of name
• The word Halloween is first attested in the
  16th century and represents a Scottish
  variant of the fuller All-Hallows-Even, that
  is, the night before All Hallows Day.
  Although the phrase All Hallows is found in
  Old English (ealra hálȝena mæssedæȝ,
  the feast of all saints), All-Hallows-Even is
  itself not attested until 1556. Thus there is
  no evidence of the term for this day before
  the 16th century Reformation.

Pumpkin            Vampire

• Trick-or-treating is a customary celebration for
  children on Halloween. Children go in costume
  from house to house, asking for treats such as
  candy or sometimes money, with the question,
  "Trick or treat?" The word "trick" refers to a
  (mostly idle) threat to perform mischief on the
  homeowners or their property if no treat is given.
  In some parts of Ireland and Scotland children
  still go guising. In this custom the child performs
  some sort of show, i.e. sings a song or tells a
  ghost story, in order to earn their treats.
      Games and other activities
• There are several games traditionally associated
  with Halloween parties. One common game is
  dunking or apple bobbing, in which apples float in a
  tub or a large basin of water and the participants
  must use their teeth to remove an apple from the
  basin. A variant of dunking involves kneeling on a
  chair, holding a fork between the teeth and trying to
  drop the fork into an apple. Another common game
  involves hanging up treacle or syrup-coated scones
  by strings; these must be eaten without using
  hands while they remain attached to the string, an
  activity that inevitably leads to a very sticky face.
 List of foods associated with the holiday:
• Barmbrack
• Bonfire toffee
• Candy apples
• Candy corn
• Caramel apples
• Caramel corn
• Colcannon
• Pumpkin, pumpkin pie, pumpkin bread
• Roasted pumpkin seeds
• Roasted sweet corn
• Soul cakes
• Novelty candy shaped like skulls, pumpkins
            Around the world
• Halloween is not celebrated in all countries and
  regions of the world, and among those that do
  the traditions and importance of the celebration
  vary significantly. Celebration in the United
  States has had a significant impact on how the
  holiday is observed in other nations. This larger
  American influence, particularly in iconic and
  commercial elements, has extended to places
  such as South America, Europe, to Japan under
  the auspices of the Japanese Biscuit
  Association, and the Far East
Dominik Mroczka
 class III G.

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