Historical Background of United

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					Historical Background of
United States and Canada
• Colonized by France and Great Britain in the
  16th century

• Many British fled to Canada from the British
  colonies during the American Revolution,
  which led to cultural conflicts between French
  and British Canadians
• In 1841 British had full control of Eastern
  Canada and split the French and British into
  Lower Canada and Upper Canada and worked
  for French adjustment
• The 19th century say more territorial gains and
  by 1973 most of what is Canada was joined
  together in a federal system and granted
  independence from the British as the
  Dominion of Canada
• 20th century issues centered around full
  independence from Great Britain which was
  granted in the Canadian Constitution in 1982
  and included rights such as freedom of speech
  to Canadian citizens.
• Today there is an ongoing cultural conflict
  between French and non-French Canadians in

• Quebec wanted independence from Canada
  but in 1995 independence failed

• Other cultural conflicts have centered around
  issues concerning native populations
• In 1991, the Canadian government agreed to give
  the Inuit sovereignty over more than 770,000
  square miles of the Northwest Territory, creating
  a province called Nunavut, which means “our
  land” in Inuktitut, the Inuit language.
• The new territory, which officially came into
  existence on April 1, 1999 , is Canada’s largest
  geographical unit, covering 20% of the nation’s
  total area and spanning three time zones.
               United States
• Colonized by Spanish, French, and British in
  the 16th century.

• French and Indian War consolidated British
  control of its territorial claims.

• In 1776 British colonists declared
  independence and the American Revolution
                  United States
• 1789 the 13 British colonies established a federal
  republic , the United States with a Constitution.

• Westward expansion continued in the 19th
  century causing cultural conflicts in the region
  between Native Americans and settlers as well as
  growing tension over the practice of slavery in
  the southern states
                United States
• Native Americans were resettled to
  reservations as government policy.

• In 1861 the Civil War resolved the slavery
  issue and resulted in the expansion of civil
  liberties for African Americans (13th, 14th, 15th
               United States
• 19th century and 20th century was various
  waves of immigration to the United States
  sometimes leading to discrimination against
  new immigrant groups.

• The 20th century was characterized by
  continued struggles for civil rights by minority
  groups in the US wanting a voice in the
               United States
• 1920 Women were granted the right to

•1924 Native Americans were
 granted citizenship

• 1950’s – 1960’s Civil Rights movement led to
some economic and political reforms for
African Americans, Hispanics, and women
               United States
• Although strides have been made, racial
  tension and division among social groups
  characterizes culture in the United States and
  issues surrounding immigration are still
Canada             US

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