Charleston Ecological Services Field Office
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U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Charleston Ecological Services Field Office Photos (top to bottom) Services Provided To Endangered wood stork. ■ Private citizens. Coastal ecosystem habitat. ■ Community groups, local governments, and schools. South Carolina focus area photo: L. Duncan partnership. ■ Partners associated with the Lowcountry Focus Area Endangered red cockaded Initiative, Land Trusts, and other woodpecker. conservation easement holders. Station Facts ■ Federal and state agencies seeking ■ Established: 1973. approval on federally funded ■ Staff: 15. activities that may impact federally listed species, wetlands, migratory Station Goals birds, anadromous fish, and other ■ Conserve biodiversity of the trust resources. South Carolina Coastal Plain by perpetuating healthy, dynamic Activity Highlights coastal ecosystems. ■ Review of over 500 federally funded, licensed, or permitted photo: Ed Eudaly ■ Promote landscape scale and projects annually for potential ecosystem planning efforts to impacts to wetlands, endangered conserve and restore fish and species, and other fish and wildlife. wildlife habitats in South Carolina and the associated Savannah- ■ Coordinate habitat conservation Santee-Pee Dee Ecosystem. planning efforts in S.C. with private landowners, State agencies, and Conduct interagency consultation, with the Service’s Regional Office. photo: Bruce Richardson ■ habitat conservation planning activities, candidate conservation, ■ Serve as the base-of-operations listing and recovery activities for for the Service’s S.C. Coastal 33 federally listed endangered, Ecosystems program. threatened, and proposed species, ■ Provide technical assistance to three candidate species, and U.S. Department of Agriculture 94 species of concern in South agencies in the implementation Carolina. of conservation provisions of ■ Reduce impacts to fish and wildlife Farm Bill. and their habitats in South Carolina ■ Provide technical assistance to EPA from federally funded or authorized and South Carolina on investigation projects. and cleanup of contaminant sites. photo: USFWS ■ Restore and improve fish and ■ Coordinate national recovery wildlife habitat on private lands. efforts on three Federally listed ■ Identify, reduce, and prevent species. contamination of fish and wildlife Jay Herrington, Field Supervisor resources through technical Ecological Services assistance, investigations, Charleston Ecological Services monitoring, and technical reviews of Field Office environmental contaminant issues. 176 Croghan Spur Road Suite 200 ■ Conduct education and outreach Charleston, SC 29407 activities in support of fish and Phone: 843/727 4707 ext. 15 wildlife conservation. Fax: 843/727 4218 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Questions and Answers Why is it important to protect Does the Endangered Species Act stop wetlands? development? Wetlands provide a number of The Charleston Field office reviews public benefit functions including more than 500 projects each year, provision of valuable fish and wildlife none of which have been stopped. habitat including habitat for many However, recommendations have been federally listed species, enhancement made on some projects to avoid and of water quality through filtration minimize impacts to federally listed and purification of river overflow and proposed species and wetlands waters and stormwater runoff, flood resources. The Endangered Species protection through storage and slow Act provides flexible tools (e.g., release of floodwaters and stream habitat conservation planning, inter- stabilization. They also are important agency consultations) so that solutions producers of timber products and can be found to allow projects to foodstuffs which fuel the aquatic food proceed while protecting the species. web. Approximately 37 percent of South Carolina’s wetland resources What are the Service’s Trust have been lost since colonial times. Resources? Trust Resources under the management jurisdiction of the Fish and Wildlife Why is the red-cockaded woodpecker Service are anadromous fish, (RCW) considered an endangered migratory birds, endangered and species when it is so widespread? threatened species, their habitats The RCW lives in mature pine and Service lands (primarily national forests, usually those with long-leaf wildlife refuges). pines more than 80 years old and loblolly pine more than 70 years What is the SC Coastal Ecosystems old. It is currently distributed on Program? the remaining fragmented parcels The South Carolina Coastal of suitable pine forests in 13 Ecosystems Program, established in southeastern states. About 4,500 1995, is one of 11 Coastal Programs family units of RCWs are estimated the Service has initiated nationwide. to occur in this range, representing The goal of the program is to about one percent of the woodpecker’s conserve biodiversity by perpetuating original range. The RCW is one of healthy, dynamic, coastal ecosystems. numerous federally listed, proposed, Its intent is to develop and implement and candidate species associated ecosystem based policies and actions with the longleaf pine ecosystem. in partnerships with Federal, state However, more than 98 percent of and local agencies, non-governmental presettlement longleaf pine forests in organizations, and the private sector. the southeastern coastal plain have In South Carolina, the program works been lost. There is still hope for the closely with partners in the five major RCW and the associated ecosystem, coastal Focus Areas to maintain with continuing cooperative efforts. In natural ecosystem diversity, functions fact, some populations of RCWs are and productivity. The primary tool to now stable or increasing and habitat is carry out this focused area approach being restored. to ecosystem protection is the placement of voluntary conservation easements. These voluntary easements can lead to conservation of a mixture of upland and wetland habitats that would otherwise be difficult to protect. Because public lands are expensive to acquire and maintain, these efforts of private land owners are a cost effective way to conserve habitat.