North Pacific by qbi14405


									                                                                                                                         August 2010

North Pacific
Landscape Conservation Cooperative
Landscape Conservation Cooperatives
(LCCs) are member-directed
conservation partnerships among
State and Federal agencies, Tribes,
nongovernmental organizations,
universities, existing partnership efforts,
and other conservation entities. They are
management-science partnerships that
inform resource management actions and
provide needed tools. More specifically,
LCCs generate applied science to inform
conservation actions related to climate
change, habitat fragmentation, and other
landscape-level stressors and resource
LCCs provide a much needed forum to
foster continuous exchange, feedback,
and understanding among resource
managers, scientists, and stakeholders
                                              Haystack Rock, Oregon Islands NWR - a large seabird nesting colony / Roy Lowe, USFWS
addressing large-scale issues. It is
important to note that LCCs do not
replace existing organizations, nor do        All will contribute to increased biological   In addition to managing the impacts to
they infringe on their jurisdictions or       impacts such as alterations in species        species from climate change, maintaining
mandates; instead, they provide a forum       distributions, disease outbreaks,             and preserving State and Federal
for identifying common science questions      disrupted food webs, disruption               protected areas, and other areas of
and needs for the defined landscapes,         of existing plant communities and             concern will be a challenge. Inundation
across organization lines. LCCs are part      ultimately, increased species extinctions.    of lands and loss of land management
of a coordinated national network that is                                                   ability for selected species will occur.
                                              North Pacific LCC marine, estuarine,
being developed.                                                                            Moreover, reduced availability of cold
                                              freshwater, and terrestrial habitats
                                                                                            water and flow alterations may be severe,
The geographic area of the North Pacific      support a rich diversity of species and
                                                                                            prompting programmatic changes to
LCC includes portions of four states          food webs. Marine and coastal island
                                                                                            support fisheries production across the
and two provinces. Coordination will          habitats are essential to seabirds,
                                                                                            geographic scope of the LCC.
occur throughout the region and with          waterfowl, shorebirds and other Pacific
neighboring LCCs. Coastal marine              Flyway migratory species. Highly              In summary, managing North Pacific
waters are included within the range          productive nearshore marine ecosystems        natural resources and infrastructure in
of this LCC, although the western             are key to sustaining healthy populations     the face of climate change impacts and
boundaries have not yet been defined.         of marine mammals, Pacific salmon,            other landscape-scale stressors will be
                                              forage fish, and shellfish. These             extremely challenging. The North Pacific
                                              resources also have cultural significance     LCC provides partners the critical bridge
Conservation Need                             to Native Americans throughout the            to link science and management to more
Climate change is one of the greatest         region.                                       effectively address these hurdles.
environmental and conservation
                                              Forested habitats in the Pacific Coast
challenge of the 21st Century. The
impacts of climate change will exacerbate
                                              ranges support many resident and              Partnerships
                                              migrant birds including the marbled           The North Pacific LCC will convene
existing stressors on our landscapes, fish
                                              murrelet, spotted owl, and Queen              partners with complementary
and wildlife, and natural and cultural
                                              Charlotte goshawk, all species of             conservation goals. Participation in the
resources. Expected physical changes
                                              conservation concern. Recently                LCC is anticipated to include agencies
include rising mean sea level, widespread
                                              deglaciated habitats in coastal Alaska        and organizations that have conservation
melting of snow and ice, changes in ocean
                                              are important to breeding Kittlitz’s          as their mission, mandate or authority, or
currents and precipitation patterns,
                                              murrelets, also a species of concern.         have identified conservation as a priority.
ocean acidification, and increased coastal
                                              Prairie habitats are host to numerous         This includes a number of Federal, State,
erosion and flooding rates.
                                              species of imperiled plants, birds,           and Provincial agencies; Tribes and First
                                              mammals, and butterflies.
                                              Organizational Structure                        n   Assess watershed resiliency with
                                              Preliminary discussions with partners               changing hydroperiods to inform
                                              are underway to create a framework for              restoration investments
                                              integrating conservation management             n   Develop landscape level analyses
                                              and science. Key conservation issues are            of habitat fragmentation to support
                                              being identified that are important to              strategic planning
                                              partners in the North Pacific LCC.              n   Monitor habitat instabilities from
                                              This LCC partnership will consider other            invasive species threats and from
                                              organizational models already adopted               native species range expansions
                                              by established LCCs, but the partnership        n   Design and evaluate short- and long-
                                              structure eventually selected will be one           term approaches to support wildlife
                                              that best fits the needs of this LCC. This          adaptation efforts
                                              planning effort will also be coordinated        n   Conduct risk and vulnerability
                                              with other existing climate change efforts          assessments to identify the most
                                              in the region.                                      sensitive species, habitats and
                                              Following extensive planning efforts                ecological functions
                                              by the LCC partners, executive level            n   Develop information to define factors
                                              oversight will be established that will             affecting species recovery under future
                                              guide the activities of the North Pacific           climate scenarios
                                              LCC and define LCC priorities.                  n   Assess risks to resources in areas of
                                              Eventually, geographical and/or topical             potential inundation from sea level rise
Nations; universities; nongovernmental        sub-units within the LCC boundary
organizations; and other entities that will   likely will be formed because of the size
benefit from a collaborative approach to      of the LCC. Committees may be formed            Next Steps
landscape-scale resource management.          to focus on specific issues, information        n July 2010 to December 2010
                                              management and outreach, and/or                 	 •	Hold	meetings	in	AK,	WA,	OR,	
The North Pacific region already has a        geographic sub-units within the LCC.
number of major partnerships underway                                                             CA, and British Columbia –
that capitalize on large-scale biological                                                         discuss priorities and functions of
                                              Expected Products and Outcomes                      North Pacific LCC with partners
planning and conservation design. The
LCC will build upon and support these         Products and services developed by the          	 •	Form	an	Interim	Planning	Team	–	
already-existing efforts to broaden           North Pacific LCC will support natural              consider potential options for
collaboration and help advance science        resource management decision-making                 governance and structure
planning and application across the           and inform conservation delivery efforts        	 •	Expand	outreach	to	include	other	
landscape as we face climate change           on the ground. For example, the LCC                 potential partners
and related natural resource challenges.      may:
                                                                                              	 •	Continue	identifying	science	and	
Conservation benefits can be more             n   Identify high priority research and             management needs
effectively maximized by leveraging               technology needs
technical and financial resources for                                                         	 •	Conduct	an	inventory	of	existing	
mutually defined conservation objectives.     n   Apply downscaled climate models at              climate change programs
                                                  landscape scales to predict effects on      	 •	Begin	gap	analysis	of		information/
                                                  fish, wildlife, plants and their habitats       data needed to manage resources
                                                                                              	 •	Begin	identifying	Steering	
                                                                                                  Committee Members
                                                                                              	 •	Plan	a	Leadership	Summit	Meeting	
                                                                                                  to establish the Steering Committee
                                                                                                  and define next steps

                                                                                              Mary Mahaffy
                                                                                              Interim North Pacific LCC Coordinator
                                                                                              USFWS, Lacey, WA
                                                                                    , 360-753-7763
                                                                                              Stephen Zylstra
                                                                                              Regional Landscape Conservation
                                                                                              Manager, USFWS
                                                                                    , 503-231-6237

                                                                                              Additional Information
Left: Waldron Island, North Puget Sound / Judy Lantor, USFWS

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