horror by popovgn


• FROM UNIT ONE: What are the three types of
  sound one hears in a film?
 1930s – Monsters and Mad-Scientists
• Sound transforms
  – Dialogue allows for
    screams, growls, and
  – Ambient sound allows
    for menacing footsteps,
    creaking doors.
  – Music is more exact and
    can synch with specific
    moments in the film.
 1930s – Monsters and Mad-Scientists
• Many of these films focused
  on monsters and mad
   –   “Frankenstein” 1931
   –   “The Mummy” 1932
   –   “Freaks” 1932
   –   “King Kong” 1933
• These films became the
  model for not only future
  horror films, but for
  Hollywood blockbusters in
  1940s and 1950: Post War Paranoia
• The scary movies of the 40s
  and 50s reflect American
  paranoia following World
  War II.
• Paranoia: unfounded fear
  or suspicion.
  – Mutation (radioactivity;
    Hiroshima, Nagasaki)
     • Godzilla, 1954
  – Fear of Invasion (Cold War –
    Soviet aggression)
     • Invasion of the Body
       Snatchers, 1956
1960s and 1970s - Revolutions
            • Extremely innovative
              – Alfred Hitchcock
              – George Romaro
              – Wes Craven
            • Today’s horror movies
              have their roots in this
   1960s and 1970s - Revolutions
• Alfred Hitchcock
   – One of the most revered
     directors in film history
   – An English director who
     became an American
• His contribution to the
  horror genre are two
  “psychological thrillers”
   – Psycho, 1960
   – Birds, 1963
   1960s and 1970s - Revolutions
• The Shower Scene…
  – One of the most
    famous scenes in
    horror, if not in all of
    film history…
  – What are the elements
    that make this scene
    so effective?
  1960s and 1970s - Revolutions
• George Romero
  – Invented the zombie movie…
    • Night of the Living Dead (1968)
    • Dawn the Dead (1978)
  – What you imagine as a zombie, comes from his
1960s and 1970s - Revolutions
           • Wes Craven
              – Maybe the most prolific horror
                movie director
           • Numerous films
              – The Last House on the Left
              – The Hills Have Eyes (1977)
              – A Nightmare on Elm Street
              – The People Under the Stairs
              – Scream (1996)
           • Made slasher films popular.
   1960s and 1970s - Revolutions
• Other important
  horror films of this
  – The Exorcist (1973)
  – The Texas Chainsaw
    Massacre (1974)
  – Carrie (1976)
  – Halloween (1978)
        The 1980s: Special Effects
• Horror films became
  blockbusters in the
  – Improved special
  – Directors try to out do
    one another
  – Franchising
• Example: Chucky, 1988
The 1980s: Special Effects
             • Horror films of the
               1980s are often
               turned into franchises.
               – A franchise is when a
                 movie or story or
                 character is expanded
                 on to cash in on its
                 popularity: sequels,
                 merchandise, spin-
                 offs, etc.
           The 1980s: Special Effects
• How many films do you think have been
  made in each of these franchises? How
  much money do you think the franchise
  has made?

• Halloween
   – 10 films   $308m
• Texas Chainsaw Massacre
   – 6 films    $164m
• Nightmare on Elm Street
   – 9 films    $379m
• Friday the 13th
   – 12 films   $380m
          The 1990s: Psychokillers
• 1990s… a reaction to the excess and
  “fake-ness” of 1980s blockbusters.
• The supernatural monsters of the
  1980s are replaced by human
  monsters in the 1990s.
   –   Silence of the Lambs, 1991
   –   Natural Born Killers, 1994
   –   Se7en, 1995
   –   American Psycho, 2000
• Not exactly “horror” movies, but
  they are films with horror elements.

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