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Footdrill Manuel

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					FOOTDRILL INSTRUCTOR COURSE TEST SYLLABUS
1. Sizing and Forming Squad 2. Squad, Sedia 3. Senang Diri 4. Ke-kanan Lurus 5. Pandang hadapan, Pandang 6. Dalam buka barisan, ke-kanan lurus 7. Dalam tutup barisan, ke-kanan lurus 8. Begerak ke-kanan bertiga-tiga ke-kanan Pusing 9. Begerak ke-kiri bertigatiga ke-belakang Pusing 10. Begerak ke-kanan bertiga-tiga, ke-kanan Pusing 11. Akan menghadap ke-belakang, ke-kiri Pusing 12. Akan menghadap ke-hadapan, ke-belakang Pusing 13. Tiga langkah ke-kanan, Gerak 14. Tiga Langkah ke-kiri, Gerak 15. Hentak Kaki, Cepat Hentak 16. Dari kanan, Cepat Jalan 17. Dari kiri, Cepat Jalan 18. Dari Tengah, Cepat Jalan 19. Ke-kanan Pusing (on the march) 20. Ke-kiri Pusing (on the march) 21. Ke-belakang Pusing (on the march) 22. Berhenti 23. Hormat ke-hadapan, Hormat 24. Hormat ke-kanan, Hormat 25. Hormat ke-kiri, Hormat 26. Menerima Hadiah, Hormat ke-hadapan Hormat 27. Pandang ke-kanan, Pandang 28. Pandang ke-kiri, Pandang 29. Pandang ke-hadapan, Pandang 30. Tukar Langah Masa Berjalan, Tukar 31. Hempit kanan 32. Hempit kiri 33. Kanan Belok 34. Kiri Belok 35. Keluar Baris 36. Bersurai 37. Falling in and out of Squad

*Note: a) During the test, no absentees b) In a squad, no blank file, and in multiple of threes. c) Minimum total strength of no less than 15 d) Require one commander for the squad in command during the test. e) Marks will be based on the individual’s performance and the squad co-operation together in marching. Together with a set of neat and presentable uniform and properly polished drill boots.

UNIFORM

1. Scout Beret 2. Clean Beret Badge 3. Scout Scarf 4. Unfaded Woggle 5. Scout Shirt 6. Name Tag 7. District Badge 8. Scout Leather Belt 9. Scout Pants 10. Scout Socks 11. Black Drill Boots *Note: a) All components of the proper scout uniform must be met for a participant to be eligible to take the test or even to participate in the course. b) All metal parts (e.g. beret badge and belt buckle) must be cleaned and obvious to the tester. c) The scout shirt must be worn in such a way that it will not be overly pulled out and the belt should always be obvious. d) All drill boots are expected to be clean and polished. e) All components of the proper scout uniform must be worn properly and with pride. f) The tester has the right to refuse a scout’s request for assessment if he feels that the scout’s uniform is not up to standard.

EAST AREA TRAINING TEAM FOOTDRILL INSTRUCTOR COURSE
Content: Drill Instruction  The need for drill  The parade  The qualities of an instructor Words of command  Timing of words and commands  Development of the words and command  List of command Aids to drill  Calling out the time  Sequence of instruction  Formation of squad  Demonstration Footdrill at the halt  Position of attention and stand at ease  Forming up in three ranks  Dressing  Getting on parade  Numbering and proving  Sizing  Open and close order  Turning and judging Saluting  Saluting to the front  Saluting to the left and right  Eyes right and left in slow and quick time Marching  Marching and halting  Change step  Turning and inclining  Turning about  Marking and halting  Breaking  Wheeling  Change direction by forming  Forming from marching to halting

EAST AREA TRAINING TEAM FOOTDRILL INSTRUCTOR COURSE Introduction THE NEED FOR DRILL
a) Why is drill needed? The answer is that the individual effort alone does not bring survival or victory for the individual. The individual has to learn teamwork and the value of unified and co-operative action so thoroughly that they guide his later actions instinctively. Teamwork is any uniformed group that can be build on the parade square. Here all personnel learn that there can be no orderly movement of men or units without a precise and united effort, and that every man has to ply his part. b) Discipline is founded on drill. Drill has often been used as a forerunner to great battles, and during them it justified itself. When a victory is won, a parade, in whatever place, will most quickly restore the corporate unity of any body of men. When drill is taught or practiced those in command must stress its objective. It must never be used as a punishment but always as a means of raising the standards within the body of men.

THE PARADE
Below are laid some guiding principle for parade: a) A parade should start with the inspection of all who are in it. b) A strict observance of rank should be shown; thus a officer or soldier, when he wishes to either join or leave the parade, should report to the senior rank and ask permission to do so. c) Nobody should walk across a parade ground when drill in which they have no part, is taking place. d) Chief Drill Instructor should plan the form and purpose of a parade before hand. e) At the end of a parade all ranks dismiss to show respect to the senior rank on ground.

THE QUALITIES OF AN INSTRUCTOR
Drill is exacting. To teach it successfully you must have the following qualities: a) Patience – Never lose your temper b) Enthusiasm – You must instil your sound with a will to learn c) Consistency – Set yourself and the squad a standard. Do not deviate from it. d) Humanity – Understand the squad’s problems. Praise readily but do not become familiar, never humiliate individual members of the squad. e) Personality – As a drill instructor you must impress your squad with your personality and always control them fully. EXAMPLES Recruits imitate their instructors. It is by example that they will learn most. Therefore: a) When drilling a squad, stand at attention. b) When moving, march, as you would wish your squad to march. c) When demonstrating, do so accurately and, if the movement is with a rifle, whip, cane, etc., use the article and nothing else. d) Do not use bad language. e) Be impeccably turned out. f) Never exaggerate a movement of drill. Words Use short precise words to convey the speed of good drill (e.g. Words like Crack, Drive, Force, Grip). But remember, Action, not words.

EAST AREA TRAINING TEAM FOOTDRILL INSTRUCTOR COURSE WORDS OF COMMAND
INTRODUCTION All words of command must be clear and powerful since the way in which they are given affects the reaction, which they inspire. A word of command is divided into three parts: a) Introductory – This tells the squad what movement they are about to carry out; e.g. Move to the right in threes. b) Cautionary – The drawn-out and loud reminder to the squad; e.g. Right c) Executive – The loud, sharp command; e.g. Turn. Annex A lays down the equivalent Malay words of command. The Malay words of command are divided into the same three parts as given in para.s 8, a, b, and c, except that part of the executive command is combined with the cautionary. If the executive word command is in two syllabuses, the first syllabus forms part of the cautionary. If it is of three syllabus, the first two syllabus form part of the cautionary. E.g. INTRODUCTORY – BERGERAK KA-KANAN-BERTIGA-TIGA CAUTIONARY EXECUTIVE – KA-KANAN, PU………………… – …………………………...…SING

Certain executive words of command are not broken down into syllables.

TIMING OF WORDS OF COMMAND
The cautionary word of command should be consistently drawn out over the equivalent of four paces in quick time. There should be a pause between it and the executive word of command of: a) At The Halt b) In Quick Time c) In Slow Time - The regulation pause - About four paces - About three paces

DEVELOPMENT OF THE WORD OF COMMAND
Instructors should be taught how to control a squad by the following two methods: a) Communication Drill i) ii) First demonstrate to the squad all words of command at the halt. Now conduct the squad while they give elementary words of command insisting on clarity and power from each man Divide the squad into two ranks, place them 30 yards (22.7m) apart, with 5 paces interval between each man. Each man should drill his opposite number 30 yards (22.7m) away without regard to the men to left or right of him. After not more than ten minutes, change the ranks, so that the men in both ranks have a chance of controlling their opposite number.

iii)

iv)

v)

b)

Mutual drill i) ii) Form the squad into three ranks and explain the introductory word of command and the directing flank. Call out each member of the squad in turn to drill the squad and call out another member of the squad to watch and to be prepared to comment on his performance.

STAND AT EASE FROM ATTENTION a) SENANG DI-RI ! (STAND AT EASE !) Keeping the right foot still and leg braced back. Bend the left knee and drive the left foot to the ground 12 inches (30cm) to the left of the right foot, at the same time force the arms behind the back by the shortest route, keeping them straight; place the back of the right hand in the palm of the left hand, with the right thumb crossed over the left, the weight of the body to the left so that it remains evenly balanced. The distance of 12 inches (30cm) is measured from the centre of the right heel to the centre of the left heel. Common Faults: i) Bending at the waist when moving. ii) Allowing the arms to bend or to leave the body when behind the back.

DRILL VOCABULARY OF FOOTDRILL WORDS OF COMMAND
MALAY Penanda Kanan Penanda Masuk Baris Keluar Baris Beratur Bersurai Diam Kawalan Kehormatan Semula Bilang Nombor Baris Sekuad Sedi….a Senang, dir….i Ke kanan, lu….rus Pandang hadapan, Pan….dang Pandang kanan, Pan….dang Pandang kiri, Pan….dang Betulkan…barisan Dalam buka barisan, ke kanan, lu….rus Dalam buka barisan, ke-kiri, lu….rus Dalam tutup barisan, ke-kanan, lu….rus ENGLISH Marker Right Marker Get on Parade Fall out Fall in Dismiss Steady Guard of honour As you were Number (verb) Number (noun) Parade Squad Attention Stand at ease Right dress Eyes front Eyes right Eyes left Dress up In open order, Right dress In open order, Left dress In close order, Right dress

SIZING 1. Yang tinggi ke kanan Rendah ka kiri Dalam satu barisan….Paras 2. Dari kanan, satu dua, Bilang

Tallest to the right Shortest on the left In single rank….size From the right, in two number Odd numbers one pace forward, Even number on pace backward….March

3. Nombor ganjil satu langkah ke hadapan, Nombor genap, satu langkah ke belakang….Gerak

4. Orang di sebelah kanan diam, Barisan hadapan kanan Pusing, Barisan belakang kiri Pusing Kanan dan kiri Pu….sing

Stand fast the right man odd number to the right even numbers to the left ranks right and left ….Turn Form 3 ranks, Quick march

5. Jadikan tiga barisan, Cepat Ja….lan PACING Satu, Dua, Tiga Langkah ke hadapan/belakang…..Gerak

One, Two, Three Paces Forward/backward ….March One, Two, Three, Four paces right/left Close…. March

Satu, Dua, Tiga, Empat Langkah ke kanan/kiri….Gerak

TURNINGS Ke kanan, Pu…..sing Ke kiri, Pu….sing Ke belakang, Pu….sing Separuh ke kanan/kiri, Pu….sing AT HALT TURNING-SQUAD FACING ADVANCE Bergerak ke kanan bertiga-tiga, Ke kanan, Pu….sing Move to the right in threes, Right ….Turn Move to the right in threes, Left ….Turn (squad will retire about turn) Squad will retire about turn Right turn Left turn About turn Half right/left turn

Bergerak ke kiri bertiga-tiga, Ke kiri, Pu….sing

Sekuad akan menghadap ke belakang, Ke belakang, Pu….sing

AT HALT TURNING-SQUAD FACING RETIRE Bergerak ke kiri, ke kiri, Pu….sing Bergerak ke kanan, ke kanan, pu….sing Move to the left, left ….Turn Move to the right, Right….Turn Squad will advance about turn

Sekuad akan Menghadap ke hadapan Ke belakang, Pu….sing

AT HALT TURNING, SQUAD FACING POSITION, RIGHT IN THREES Sekuad akan menghadap ke hadapan Ke kanan, Pu….sing Sekuad akan menghadap ke belakang Ke kiri, Pu….sing Bergerak ke kanan bertiga-tiga Ke belakang, Pu….sing MARCHING Dari kiri/kanan, Cepat Ja….lan By the left/right, Quick….March Right/left wheel Halt Quick March Time Mark Time Forward Squad will advance right turn Squad will retire left turn Move to the right in threes about turn

Ke kanan/kiri Belok Berhenti Hentak kaki Cepat, Hen….tak Hentak kaki, Hen….tak Ma….ju

NOTE: commands for all Turnings on the march shall be the same as that of at halt to be given on proper foot CHANGING STEP ON THE MARCH Tukar langkah masa berjalan, Tu….kar Change step on the March, change step

SALUTING Hormat ke hadapan, Hor….mat Salute to your front Salute

ON THE MARCH (long command) Memberi hormat masa berjalan ke hadapan, hor….mat Saluting to the march to your front, to your Front….Salute Saluting on the march to your right/left, to Your right/left, salute Saluting on your march to your receiving article, to Your front….Salute

Memberi hormat masa berjalan ke kanan/kiri, hor….mat

Memberi hormat masa berjalan Selaku menerima barang Ke hadapan, hor….mat

RUNNING Dari kiri/kanan, Cepat La….ri Hentak kaki berlari, Hen….tak Berhen….ti By the left/right, Double March Double mark time, Mark time Halt

EAST AREA TRAINING TEAM FOOTDRILL INSTRUCTOR COURSE AIDS TO DRILL CALLING OUT THE TIME
Men in their early stages of training should call out the time, so that: a) Every member of a squad has the regulation pause fixed in their head. b) The squad learns to act together. The squad should learn to call out ‘two-three-four’ for the regulation pause and they must learn to be still. TIME AND PACE It is important that every member in the squad know the lengths of pace and the rates of marching and timings of movement. So, an instructor must teach and make sure that your fellow members know them well.

SEQUENCE OF INSTRUCTION
Use the following sequence to conduct a lesson: a) b) c) d) e) Formation of squad Explanation Demonstration Question Practice

FORMATION OF SQUAD
a) Bear in mind the comfort of the squad – Make sure that they are not looking into the sun b) The formation in which they will learn the most quickly. i) Straight line Foot drill ii) Three ranks, open order, inclined Saluting at the Halt iii) Half Circle Rifle Exercises

EXPLANATION
Explain what you are about to teach and why it is necessary.

DEMONSTRATION
Break this down: a) Complete demonstration, shouting out the words of command. b) Demonstration by numbers, pointing out important details. c) Another complete demonstration. QUESTIONS After giving the first demonstration by numbers, ask the squad if they have any questions and do so after each successive demonstration by numbers. Ensure that the squad is standing easy when asking them question, PRACTICE After each demonstration by numbers practice the squad in that movement checking faults. Finally after demonstrating the whole movement practice the squad, judging the time.

EAST AREA TRAINING TEAM FOOTDRILL INSTRUCTORS COURSE
FOOTDRILL AT THE HALT INTRODUCTION Every movement in footdrill contains one or both of the two basic movements, which should be demonstrated and explained to a recruit before any other movements. Always start with your left foot forward, bend the knee, the leg raised in front of the body with the knee bent. The right foot is kept braced back with the foot flat on the ground. The foot hangs naturally, with the toe directly under the knee and 6 inches (15 cm) from the ground. The leg is then straightened and the foot driven to the ground so that on impact the ball and the hell of the foot reach the ground at the same time. The whole movement is completed at speed. Next, the left foot is kept braced back with the foot flat on the ground. The other leg shoots forward with the knee braced, ready to carry the weight of the body forward.

POSITION OF ATTENTION AND STAND AT EASE
ATTENTION Stand with the heels together, the feet turned out at an angle of 30 degrees; the knee braced, the body erect; the weight balanced evenly between the ball of the feet and the heels; the arms straight and held to the sides with the forearm tucked in behind the hip bone and the wrists straight; the hands closed with the thumbs vertical and facing to the front and the backs of the fingers touching the thigh just behind the seam of the trousers; shoulders held down and back to bring the chest to a normal position without straightening or stiffening. The head held up with the back touching the back of the collar and the eyes open, still, and looking just above their own height, the chin tucked in and the mouth closed. Common faults a) b) c) d) e) f) g) A strained position which constricts breathing. Allowing the body to sag and the shoulders and arms to creep forward. Roving eyes. Bending the wrist and failing to close the hands. Feet or body not square to front, heels not closed. Moving the right foot. Left foot less than 12 inches (30 cm) from the right foot and not at the correct angle.

ATTENTION FROM AT EASE a) SEKUAD SEDI-A ! (SQUAD-ATTENTION!) Keep the right foot still and the leg braced back. Bend the left knee, pull the arms to the sides by the shortest route. Assume the position of attention. Common Faults: i) Allowing the arms to bend or to leave the body when coming to the sides. ii) Bending at the wrist, when moving. iii) Moving the right foot.

FORMING UP IN THREE RANKS
a) b) At the beginning of their training the squad must be introduced to their basic formation. To adopt this formation they will be placed in closed order in three ranks, (front, centre and rear). There will be an interval of one arm’s length (with hands close) between each man and a distance of 30 inches (75 cm) between ranks (measured from the heels of one rank to the toes of the rank behind it). The distance in close order may be measured by the man in the right hand file raising their right arms inline with their breast pocket. The knuckles of the closed hand should just fail to touch the shoulder of the man in front.

DRESSING
a) Within a body of men who are drilling, every man must be in line with, and at the correct interval from the man to the left or right of him, he must also be directly behind, and at the correct distance from, his equivalent in the rank in front of him. This is dressing. The squad will be taught dressing by numbers during the early stages of their training.

b)

i)

LURUS DENGAN NOMBOR, KA-KANAN LURUS – SATU! (DRESSING BY NUMBER, RIGHT DRESS – ONE!) All except the right hand man of each rank turn their heads to the right; those in the front rank extend the right arm with the hand close, the back of the hand uppermost and the knuckles touching the point of the shoulder of the man to their right, and keeping the arm parallel to the ground. The right hand file raised the right arm forward in line with their breast pocket with the knuckles of the closed hand just failing to reach the shoulder of the man in front.

Common Faults: a) Sluggish movement of the arm or head. b) Not looking up or square to the right

ii)

SEKUAD – DUA (SQUAD – TWO) everyone, except the right hand man of the front rank, bends the left knee and correct his dressing by taking short, quick steps until, whilst remaining erect, he can just see the lower part of the face of the man, two men away from him and rear rank ensure that they are directly behind their equivalent in the rank in front by glancing out the corner of their left eye. Common Faults: a) b) c) d) Craning forearm. Not keeping the shoulders square to the front. Shuffling. Unnecessary movement.

NOTE: I) Be patient and encouraging. II) When correcting, be sure that you address your remarks to the whole squad, since they can all learn by one’s mistakes.

iii)

PANDANG KE-HADAPAN – PANDANG! (EYES-FRONT!) Each file may turn their heads to the front in succession from the point by which they are dressing.

GETTING ON PARADE
To practice this movement the squad will be standing easy, three ranks in close order with the front rank facing the direction which they will get on parade. The right guide or right hand man of the front rank acts as the right marker. a) KANAN – PENANDA ! (RIGHT – MARKER !) i) On the command KANAN (RIGHT) the whole squad comes At Ease. ii) On the command PENANDA ! (MARKER!). The right marker springs to attention, march forward, halts on the fifteenth face, and stands at ease. b) MASUK BARIS ! (GET ON – PARADE !) Both the right marker and the squad spring to attention. The squad marches forward, halts on the fifteenth pace, and stands at ease. Note: The distance, which the squad comes forward, may be shortened if there is not enough space.

NUMBERING AND PROVING
A squad will always be Numbered from the right in order that a member of it may be addressed as Number ??? of ??? rank.

a) DARI KANAN – BILANG ! (FROM THE RIGHT – NUMBER !) i) Each man in the front rank will call out his number in succession from the right keeping his head and eyes still. ii) The men in the centre and rear ranks will take the number of their equivalent in the front rank. iii) If an error in the numbering is made, the instructor will call out SEMULA (AS YOU WERE) followed by the last correct number given. The man so named will call out his number again and the front rank will take up the numbering from him. PROVING If a squad is to be divided into two parts, the instructor will first number the squad. He will then select the left-hand man of the right half squad, by calling out his number. a) NOMBOR – DUA BELAS ! (NUMBER TWELVE !) i) The man so indicated raised his left forearm to the horizontal, keeping the left elbow still, palm of the hand facing to the right, fingers straight and together. ii) If the instructor requires more than two parts or divisions, he will call out NOMBOR ENAM, DUA BELAS DAN LAPAN BELAS ! (NUMBER SIX , TWELVE AND EIGHTEEN !) and men so indicated act as above. b) KIRI PADA SEPARUH KANAN SEKUAD ATAU KIRI PADA NO. ??? DIVISION ! (LEFT OF THE RIGHT HALF – SQUAD OR LEFT OF NO. ??? DIVISION !) On the executive word of command, the left-hand man of the right half squad or the left hand man of division cut their forearm to their sides.

SIZING
a) Body of men drills better together and gives a better impression to the spectator if it is correctly sized. A recruit squad will be sized early in its training. Level ground should be used for sizing. b) A body of men is sized either Tallest on the right, shortest on the left, Tallest on the left shortest on the right, of Tallest on the flanks, shortest in the centre. It is done by forming everyone into a single rank and grading them using the top of the headdress as a guide. c) The sequence for Tallest on the flanks, shortest to in the centre is:

i)YANG TINGGI KE-KANAN, RENDAH KE-KIRI, DALAM SATU BARISAN – PARAS ! (TALLEST ON THE RIGHT, SHORTEST ON THE LEFT, IN SINGLE RANK – SIZE !) The squad turns to their right, count the regular pause and then break off and obey the command. When the instructor has graded everyone into his correct position, he will then continue. ii) DARI KANAN SATU DUA– BILANG! (FROM THE RIGHT – NUMBER !)

iii) NOMBOR GANJIL SATU LANGKAH KE-HADAPAN, NOMBOR GENAP SATU LANGKAH KE-BELAKANG – GERAK ! (ODD NUMBERS ONE PACE FORWARD – EVEN NUMBERS ONE PACE BACK – MOVE !) The instructor must check this movement.

iv)ORANG DI SEBELAH KANAN DIAM ! BARISAN HADAPAN KANAN PUSING! BARISAN BELAKANG KIRI PUSING! KANAN DAN KIRI – PU….SING !(STAND FAST THE RIGHT HAND MAN, ODD NUMBERS TO THE RIGHT, EVEN NUMBERS TO THE LEFT, RANKS RIGHT AND LEFT – TURN !)

v) JADIKAN TIGA BARISAN – CEPAT JA….LAN ! (FORM THREE RANKS– QUICK MARCH !) 01. The even numbers wheel through 180 degrees and follow the last odd number. 02. No. 1 remains as right hand man, No. 3 becomes right hand man of the centre rank. No. 5 the right hand of the rear rank, No. 7 becomes No. 2 of the front rank, etc. 03. On halting in position each man turns to his front, takes up his own dressing by the right and remains at attention.

OPEN AND CLOSE ORDER
a) A squad is always inspected and often drilled in open order (i.e. with a distance of 60 inches (150 cm) between ranks, measured from the heels from one rank to the toes of the rank behind it). To attain open order, the front rank moves forward one pace of 30 inches (75 cm) and the rear rank moves back one pace of 30 inches (75 cm), the centre rank remain still. b) To teach this movement, the instructor should make the squad act first as the front rank and then as the rear rank.

h) DALAM BUKA BARISAN, KE-KANAN LURUS – SATU ! (IN OPEN ORDER, RIGHT DRESS – ONE !) 01. The front rank shoot the left foot forward a 30 inches (75 cm) pace placing the foot flat on the ground. Then Bend the right knee. The arms remain to the side throughout. 02. The rear rank take a pace of 30 inches (75 cm) backward, pivoting from the ball of the feet to the heel, poising the body forward and keeping the knees braced. Similarly they Bend the right knee. *Common faults : 1. Allowing the left knee to bend. 2. The arms not kept still to the side. ii) SEKUAD – DUA ! (SQUAD – TWO !) All except the right hand man to each rank turn their heads to the right; those in the front rank extend the right arm with the hand closed, the back of the hand uppermost and the knuckles touching the point of the shoulder of the man to the right.

iii) SEKUAD – TIGA ! (SQUAD – THREE !) Everyone except the right hand man of the front rank, bend the left knee corrects his dressing by taking short quick steps until whilst remaining erect, he can just see the lower part of the face of the man two away from him. At the same time, those in the centre rank and rear rank ensure that they are directly behind their equivalent in the rank in front by glancing out of the corner of their left eye.

iv) PANDANG KE-HADAPAN, PANDANG ! (EYES – FRONT !) Turn the head sharply to the front at the same time return the hands to the side, keeping the arms straight. v) DALAM TUTUP BARISAN, KE-KANAN – LU-RUS ! (IN CLOSE ORDER, RIGHT- DRESS !) The reverse of the open order.

Note: In two ranks only, the rear rank acts on the open and close order.

TURNING BY NUMBERS

a) BER-PUSING DENGAN NOMBOR, KE-KANAN PUSING – SATU ! (TURNING BY NUMBERS, RIGHT TURN – ONE !) Turn through 90 degrees to the right, using the right heel and left toe and keeping the weight of the body on the right foot. Both knees are braced back and the body is erect. At the end of the movement, the right foot is flat on the ground and the left leg is to the rear with the heel raised.

b) SEKUAD – DUA ! (SQUAD - TWO !) Bend left knee and resume the position of attention. Note: The introductory Turning by Numbers should not be repeated for each successive turn by numbers.

TURNING ABOUT BY NUMBERS
a) KE-BELAKANG PUSING – SATU ! (ABOUT TURN – ONE !) As for Right turn – One but turn clockwise through 180 degrees. To maintain balance, lock the thighs together. b) SEKUAD – DUA ! (SQUAD – TWO !) As for Squad – Two of the right turn. Note: i) Point out the difference in dressing and covering when inclined. Each man’s right shoulder must be assigned with the centre of the back of the man next to him, and in the case of those in the centre and rear ranks, the left shoulder must cover the centre of the back of the man originally covered off. ii) When the squad requires to turn back to its original position, the full words of command should be given.

TURNING AND JUDGING THE TIME
a) The squad will then practice all turning judging the regulation pause between movements. Common faults: i) ii) iii) iv) The weight not being on the forward foot in the first movement. Not making a full turn with body and shoulders in the first movement. Moving the arms, particularly during the second movement. Bending at the waist at the second movement.

EAST AREA TRAINING TEAM FOOTDRILL INSTRUCTOR COURSE SALUTING
INTRODUCTION Rational for salute – traces of the origin of saluting can be seen in the conventional exchange of this courtesy between officers and also indicate friendly intentions. The present day, salute is a symbol of greeting of mutual respect, trust and confidence, initiated by the junior in rank but with to less dignity on either side. All officers, both senior and junior will salute when the National Anthem is played or sung.

SALUTING TO THE FRONT
The hand salute is a one-count movement. On the command of execution, raise the right hand to the beret, and with tips of forefingers touching the rim of the beret slightly to the right of the right eye. The upper arm is horizontal with the elbow inclined slightly forward and the hand and the wrist straight. Returning to the original position is a one-count movement, cut across the chest and return your hand smartly to your side, resuming the position of attention. BY NUMBERS Saluting should be taught initially by numbers. To enable the squad to move freely, they should be inclined and in open order.

(SALUTING BY NUMBERS, SALUTE TO THE FRONT – ONE !) i) On the order – ONE, raise the right hand from the side to the front of the beret with the tip of the forefinger touching the beret’s rim slightly to the right and in line with the right eye. The upper arm is horizontal and parallel to the ground with the elbow inclined slightly forward and the hand and wrist straight.

ii)

HORMAT DENGAN NOMBOR, HORMAT KE-HADAPAN-DUA! (SALUTING BY NUMBERS, SALUTE TO THE FRONT-TWO!) i) On the order –TWO, return hand by the shortest way, cut across the chest and return hand smartly to your side and assume attention position.

Common faults: i) ii) Upper arms are not horizontal and parallel to the ground. Not returning to the position of attention smartly with the right hand to the side.

SALUTING TO THE LEFT AND RIGHT
When saluting to the right, the position of the right hand is the same as in saluting to the front, except that the head and eyes are turned to the right at the person being saluted. Likewise when saluting to the left, the right hand is the same as in saluting to the front except that the hands and eyes are turned to the left at the person being saluted.

SALUTING TO THE FRONT
When delivering a message or speaking to an officer, the man approaches, halts, salutes, delivers the message or speaks, salutes, turns in the direction in which he is to move, and marches away. HORMAT, KE-HADAPAN – HORMAT ! (SALUTE TO THE FRONT–SALUTE !) * Given as the left foot hits the ground.

a) b) c) d) e) f) g)

Halt Salute to the front One step forward Deliver speech One step backward Salute to the front About/right turn

Note: Judge the regulation pause between each movement.

MENERIMA HADIAH, HORMAT KE HADAPAN HORMAT(RECEIVING AWARD/PRIZE,SALUTE TO THE FRONT-SALUTE!) *Given as the left foot hits the ground. a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) Halt Salute to the front One step forward Extend left hand for handshake Extend both hands out(right palm over left) Hold the prize on the right hand first Extend left hand for handshake Transfer prize to left hand One step backward Salute About/right turn

Note: Left handshake is only for scouts. If you are receiving colour awards, medals or badges, do not extend both hands out. Remember not to swing your left hand, which is carrying the prize.

EYES RIGHT AND LEFT
A formed body of men on the march pays compliment to the left or right in the following ways: DARI KANAN, PANDANG KE-KANAN – PAN-DANG ! (BY THE RIGHT, EYES – RIGHT !)

Given as the left heel strikes the ground. When the left heel next strikes the ground, turn the head through 90 degrees to the right. Continue to swing the arms throughout. The notes and common faults are as for the slow time. Common faults: i) ii) iii) Shortening the length of pace and losing balance and thus direction Leaning back Not looking upwards and at the object of the eyes right.

NOTE: i) The right hand man or right guide will look to his front throughout. ii) Officers and Non-Commissioned Officers in command of men will salute. PANDANG KE-HADAPAN – PANDANG ! (EYES – FRONT !) Given as the left heel strikes the ground. When the left heel next strikes the ground, turn the head to the front.

SALUTING WHEN IN PLAIN CLOTHES AND WITHOUT HEADDRESS
A uniformed man, without head-dress, whether in uniform or plain clothes, salute an officer in the following ways: i) When he passes an officer, he will return his arms to the position of attention and turns his head in the direction of the officer on the left foot. He will take five paces in this position and return his head to the front on the sixth pace, When he meets an officer or is passed by one, he will stand to attention facing that officer.

ii)

SALUTING WITH THE LEFT HAND A uniformed man who has injured his right hand or arm will salute with his left hand.

EAST AREA TRAINING TEAM FOOTDRILL INSTRUCTOR COURSE MARCHING
INTRODUCTION Drill on the move is conducted by marching in either quick or slow time. The quick march is normally carried out 120 paces to the minute, although recruits should start their training by marching up to 140 paces to the minute to encourage ability and alertness. The slow march is primarily used in ceremonial drills and not in the syllabus of the EATT footdrill course.

MARCHING AND HALTING IN QUICK TIME
a) The instructor will give the word of command ‘Quick March’ in time with the rate at which his squad is to march. This movement will be carried out from the ATTENTION POSITION.

CEPAT JALAN! (QUICK MARCH) Take a pace of 30 inches (75cm) with the left foot, swinging the right arm forward and the left arm backwards, then continue with the right foot. i) ii) iii) iv) The pace of 30 inches (75cm) is measured from heel to heel. The heel will strike the ground first, with the knee braced back on impact. The leg must go forward naturally in a straight line, with the knee sufficiently bent for the toe to clear the ground. The arms will be freely swung forward until the bottom of the hand is in line with the top of the breast pocket and points as each heel strikes the ground.

Note: Each man in the squad is responsible for keeping his own dressing and the correct step. The leading man of the guiding flank dictates its direction. length of pace and the rate of marching. A timer may be appointed to aid the co-ordination of the squad. Common faults: i) Stepping a pace of more or less than 30 inches (75cm). ii) Not keeping the arms, wrists and hands straight. (i.e. Not locking the elbows) iii) Not swinging the arm backwards fully. iv) Allowing the heel to strike the ground with the knee bent. v) Not swinging the arm in a straight line from front to rear.

HALTING

SEKUAD-BERHEN – TI ! (SQUAD-HALT!) Given the left foot passes the right, shoot the left foot forward 15 inches (37cm) and bend the right knee and assume the position of attention in double time. Common faults: i) ii) Not bracing the knee when shooting the left foot forward. Not halting in quick time.

CHANGING STEP IN QUICK TIME
This is a simple movement, which enables a squad, or individual to regain the correct step when it has been lost.

a)

TUKAR LANGKAH-SEKUAD SATU! ( CHANGE STEP- STEP ONE) Given as the right/left foot strikes the ground. Take a pace of 30 inches (75cm) with the left/right foot and freeze with the left/right foot flat in the ground, the right/left heel raised, the right/left arms at the top of its swing forward and the left/right arm fully to the rear.

b)

SEKUAD-DUA! (STEP TWO) Bend the right/left knee so that the instep of the right/left foot is behind, and touching the heel of the left/right foot. Return the arms to the position of attention.

c)

SEKUAD-TIGA! (STEP THREE) Step a pace of 30 inches (75cm) with the left/right foot, swinging the right/left arm forward and the left/right arm backwards.

Note: The steps above are a step-by-step procedure to executing the command. The execution should be in ONE smooth continuous order and the command should be give as: d) TUKAR LANGKAH MASA BERJALAN, TUKAR!

Common faults: Not returning the arms to the sides in the second movement.

TURNING TO THE LEFT WHILE MARCHING

a)

BERPUSING DENGAN NOMBOR, KE-KIRI PUSING-SEKUAD SATU! (TURNING BY NUMBERS, LEFT TURN-STEP ONE) Given as the right foot hits the ground. Complete a pace of 30 inches (75cm) with the left foot and freeze with the left foot flat on the ground, the right heel raised, the right arm at the top of its swing forward and left arm fully to the rear.

b)

SEKUAD-DUA! (STEP TWO) Raise the right knee and remain balanced on the left foot, with the right thigh horizontal to the ground and foot hanging naturally with the toe directly under the knee. At the same time, return the arms to the position of attention.

Side view

c)

SEKUAD-TIGA! (STEP THREE) Turn the head, shoulder and left foot through 90 degrees to the left, at the same time drive the right foot to the ground in the new direction and shoot the left foot forward 15 inches (37cm) so that it is poised to clear off the ground.

Common faults: i) ii) Arms not returned to the position of attention in the second movement. Not completing a 30 inches (75cm) pace in the third movement.

Note: When executing turnings with a squad of trained men, the instructor should combine the three movements into one.

TURNING TO RIGHT WHILE MARCHING.

Side view

TURNING ABOUT
a) KE-BELAKANG PUSING SEKUAD-SATU! ( STEP ONE) Given on the left foot. Complete a pace of 30 inches (75cm) with the right foot. Bend the left knee, turn head, body and leg 90 degrees to the right and place the left leg in front of the right leg to form a letter ‘T’ (the inner part of the left leg in front of the right leg) in the new direction. b) SEKUAD-DUA! (STEP TWO) Bend the right knee, turn head, body and leg 90 degrees to the right and place the right foot to form a letter ‘L’( the left heel meets the right heel) in the new direction.

c)

SEKUAD-TIGA! (STEP THREE) Bend the left knee and return the left leg to form a letter ‘V’.

d)

MA-JU! (FORWARD) Bend the right knee and return the right foot to the ground.

Common faults: i) ii) iii) iv) Not turning 90 degrees in the first two movements. Increasing the speed while doing the movements. Leaning the body forward or backwards while doing the movements. Not keeping both arms by the side of the body as in Attention position.

Note: When executing turnings with a squad of trained men, the instructor should combine the three movements into one.

QUICK MARK TIME FROM THE HALT
a) HENTAK KAKI CEPAT. HEN-TAK! (QUICK MARK TIME) Raise the left knee and remain balanced on the right foot, with the left thigh horizontal, the foot hanging naturally with the toe directly under the knee.

Immediately lower the left foot to the ground. As the toe comes to the ground, start to raise the right knee in a similar manner. Common faults: i) Not marking time on the same ground. ii) Increasing the rate of marching. iii) Stamping. b) MA-JU! (FORWARD) Given as the right foot hits the ground. Check on the left foot and bend the right knee and drive it down. Shoot the left foot 30 inches (75cm) forward, swing the right arm forward, the left arm backward and continue marching quick time. Common fault: i) ii) iii) Bending the body forward when driving the right foot down. Leaning forward when shooting the left foot forward. Not swinging the arms in the proper manner.

QUICK MARK TIME FROM QUICK MARCH
HENTAK KAKI HEN-TAK! (MARK TIME) Given when the right foot hits the ground. Complete the pace with the left foot, take a short pace with the right foot which finishes flat on the ground and 6 inches ( 15cm) in front of the left foot, return the arms to the position of attention and mark time with the left foot.

WHEELING
Wheeling is a method by which a body of men with a frontage of not more than 6 ranks or files, change direction whilst retaining dressing within those ranks of files. KANAN-BELOK! (RIGHT WHEEL!) Given over one complete pace. The right hand man of the leading rank or file will change direction through 90 degrees on the circumference of a circle with a radius of about 24 inches (60cm). He must regulate his length of pace to allow those on his left to change direction without losing dressing. Those to his left change direction through 90 degrees by lengthening their pace, without losing their dressing. Those behind the loading rank or file will follow on covering the same ground as them.

Common faults: Those behind the leading rank or file not covering the same ground as them. A tendency to increase the rate of marching among the outer men.

HEMPIT KANAN/KIRI! (DEVIATE COURSE) Given to deviate the contingent to clear an obstacle. The contingent will deviate it’s course just enough to clear it. The contingent will maintain its course once the obstacle is cleared. Common faults; Altering course too much/drastically. Failing to maintain dressing.


				
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