2008 MTA NYC Travel Survey

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					2008 MTA NYC Travel Survey
Summary of Selected Results




                              June 22, 2009
2008 MTA NYC Travel Survey

 Why Survey?
 How We Surveyed
 Examples of What We Learned
 Next Steps




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Why Survey?
   Inform service and capital planning
     Identify emerging markets
     Inform corridor evaluation for capital   projects
     Inform Title VI geographic analysis
   Understand travel behavior of customers and
    non-customers
     Better understand travel subsidies
     Gain insight into major origin and destination      pairs
     Cues and clues
   Update Travel Forecasting Models
     Essential to identify longer range travel   needs
     Maintain federal funding eligibility

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How We Surveyed
   Telephone-based; Land Lines and Cell Phones
   Over 16,000 NYC residents aged 18+; 13,500
    randomly selected households
       All households contacted by mail
           Land line interviews
           Cell phone interviews
   All travel and modes in the previous 24 hours
   Travel confirmation
       MetroCard serial # records
       Electronic geocoding
   Federally funded, total cost = $2,000,000

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How We Surveyed
   Joint effort among MTA Planning, NYC Transit,
    and MTA Bus
   Part of an expanding “System of Surveys” for the
    entire region. Others include:
     MTA Bridges & Tunnels O&D: 2004
     MNR & NJ Transit West of Hudson O&D: 2005
     LIRR O&D: 2006
     MNR East of Hudson O&D: 2007




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                    Trip Destinations by Borough
                         All Days, All Purposes, All Modes
           Overall, trips generated in each borough remain in that borough
Destination                   Manhattan                           Bronx
Manhattan
Bronx
Queens
Brooklyn
Staten Island
                                                                    Queens
Other


        Staten Island


                                                   Brooklyn




                                                                              6
                     Trip Destinations by Borough
                         Weekday, Work Trips, All Modes
                 Weekday work trips tend to be more Manhattan-centric
Destination                    Manhattan                          Bronx
Manhattan
Bronx
Queens
Brooklyn
Staten Island
                                                                    Queens
Other


        Staten Island



                                                   Brooklyn




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                            Trips to Manhattan
                               Destinations
           All Modes, Weekdays Only, Non-Manhattan Origins
 Trips to Manhattan increase significantly when looking at the following four types
  of trip markets

                       Percentage of Manhattan-Bound Trips
                       Percentage of Manhattan-Bound Trips
                       Percentage of Manhattan-Bound Trips
                       Percentage Manhattan-Bound Trips
                                Non-Manhattan Origins
                           from Non-Manhattan Origins
                           from Non-Manhattan Origins
                                               Origins
          100%
          100%
          100%
                                                               Transit Work
           80%
           80%                                                 Trips b/w 6-
           80%                                 Transit, Work
                                               Transit, Work
                                                   Trips          10AM
                                                   Trips
           60%
           60%                                                          71%
                                  Work Trips         68%
           40%
           40%                     53%                            64%
                                                   61%
                    36% Trips
                      All           39%
           20%      36%             39%
                       17%
            0%

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                                         Trip Purposes
                         Weekdays, by Mode & Time of Day
 Nearly two-thirds of all weekday trips are not for work purposes
 Weekday transit-only trips are evenly split between work and “other”
  purpose trips
 Work is the predominant purpose for all trips between 6 and 10 AM on
  weekdays

                                        Trip Purpose by Mode & Time of Day
                              Work                                School                               Other
          100%

                                                                                                            26%
                                                                                 33%
           80%
                                                       49%
                             60%                                                                            7%
                                                                                  6%
           60%

                                                        6%
           40%                5%
                                                                                 61%                        68%

           20%                                         45%
                             35%


             0%
                          All Modes                Transit Only           All Modes, 6-10 AM       Transit Only, 6-10 AM
        ”School” purpose trips are made by NYC residents aged 18+ and include students in post secondary schools.
                                                                                                                           9
   Trips to Outside of NYC - Reverse Commuters
               Weekdays, Work Trips, All Modes, 6-10 AM

 Overall, 94% of weekday trips between 6-10 AM trips stayed within NYC, 6%
  leave NYC
 Of the 6%, Queens is the predominant generator

               Trips to Outside of NYC by Borough of Origin
                              (6% of All Trips)

                                             Bronx: 19%

                                                     Brooklyn: 4%
               Queens: 53%
                                                      Staten Island: 4%


                                              Manhattan: 20%


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                  Travel Subsidies by Mode
                   Usual Mode to Work, Select Modes
 More than one third who drove to work receive some type of subsidy
 For those who drive to work, free parking is the predominant subsidy type
 About one-third of subway or bus users receive some type of subsidy
 For those who take subway or bus to work, a pre-tax transportation account is
the most popular type of subsidy type


                                                  % Receiving Any
                  Usual Mode to Work
                                                     Subsidy
          Auto - Driver/Passenger                             44%
          NYCT Subway or Bus, MTA Bus                         31%




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        Auto & Transit Trip Destinations
                 Weekdays, Work Trips, 6-10 AM


# of Auto Trip Destinations, up to
 10,000 trips
 5,000 trips
 1,000 trips




                                        # of Transit Trip Destinations, up to
                                          30,000 trips
                                          10,000 trips
                                          5,000 trips




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                 Queens Blvd. Line (E,F,R,V) Trip Origins
                       Weekdays, All Trips, All Times

Boardings                                          Queens Origin

 57% from Queens                                   Other Origin

 43% from Elsewhere                               1 dot = 200 trips

Destinations
 62% Queens
 33% Manhattan
 5% Other Boroughs




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                 Brooklyn (2,3,4, 5) Line Trip Origins
                      Weekdays, All Trips, All Times

Boardings                                              Brooklyn Origin
 60% from Brooklyn                                     Other Origin
 40% from Elsewhere                                1 dot = 200 trips
Destinations
 64% Brooklyn
 30% Manhattan
 6% Other Boroughs




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Next Steps
 Inform planning to address overcrowded
  corridors
 Update travel forecasting models to
  maintain federal funding eligibility
 Database “mining” by MTA Planning and
  agencies


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