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					                                                                     North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service

NC STATE UNIVERSITY




                                                                                           538 Scotts Creek Road, Suite 205
                                                                                           Sylva, N.C. 28779
                                                                                           828-586-4009
                                                                                           FAX 828-586-5509


                                           Newsletter
                                                                                           http://jackson.ces.ncsu.edu/
    October-December 2010




                            In years past, families of soldiers living in Fort Bragg and
                            also Camp LeJeune have enjoyed live Christmas trees in
                            their homes thanks to programs providing free trees from
                            N.C. tree farms. Once again the N.C. Christmas Tree Asso-
                            ciation is trying to collect 5-8 foot Christmas trees for troops.

                                                             We are looking for growers to
                                                             donate quality Christmas. This
                                                             is a great opportunity for Jack-
                                                             son and neighboring county growers to band to-
                                                             gether to support the military. If you would like to
                                                             participate in this program and or help in coordi-
                                                             nating this effort, contact Christy at phone number
                                                             828 586-4009 or e-mail chris-
                                                             tine_bredenkamp@ncsu.edu for more details on
                                                             where and when to drop off your trees.




                             If possible delay cutting until as late in the season as possible. Cut early
     Grant Monies            in the day; trees take up moisture during the night but by mid day have
            Chicken          lost much of it in sunny weather.
2           Workshop
                             Even trees that have adequately hardened off can still lose 1/2 of their
                Jackson
                 Assoc.      moisture in 24 hours after harvest if exposed to 70 degree weather and sunlight.
                Meeting
                             Take cut trees out of the field and bail as soon as possible. The ideal storage   condi-
                             tions for a Christmas tree after harvest are 33 degrees, 90% relative humidity, and total
      Cinara Aphid
3       Control              darkness. That is almost impossible to attain but the closer the better.
                             Store trees in a shaded location: the north side of a barn, a pine thicket, or in a shade
                             cloth structure.
              Donate a
                             Stand trees upright on wet sawdust.
4
                Tree
              Unsold         Lightly mist the area to reduce temperatures by evaporation and raise the humidity
             Fraser fir?
                             without soaking the trees.
                    Christmas Tree Growers Eligible For Funds
   WNC AG Options-Grant Opportunities for Agricultural Projects in WNC
Farm businesses that are diversifying and expanding their operations are eligible
for grants to offset their risk in trying new ventures. WNC Agricultural Options
will award approximately 40 grants ranging from $3,000 to $9,000 for farm di-
versification projects. Since 2004, WNC AgOptions has administered more than
250 grants in 17 counties and the Eastern Band of Cherokee to mountain farm-
ers diversifying or expanding their operations.

            Applications are available at www.wncagoptions.org or at county Cooperative Exten-
            sion Centers. The postmark deadline for applications is November 22. Interested ap-
            plicants should contact their local Cooperative Extension Agents by November 1st to
            express their intent to apply. If you desire to apply or would like more information
            about this process, contact Christy Bredenkamp at 586-4009 or 488-3848, or visit
            www.wncagoptions.org to download an application.




The North Carolina Extension Service is pleased to announce an upcoming half-day workshop on
“Raising Backyard Chickens.” Training is designed to increase participants' knowledge in the ar-
eas of heritage poultry, basic health management and A through Z in raising a small backyard
flock. This is a great opportunity to learn from national expert Jim Adkins and get feedback and
practical advice on raising your own chickens.

On Monday, October 18th, participants will gather from 6:00 p.m. to 9:00 pm at the Jackson
County Extension Center on 538 Scotts Creek Rd in Sylva. Nationally-
recognized Standard Bred Poultry expert Jim Adkins will cover the fol-
lowing topics: breeds & varieties, housing, watering and feeders, light-
ing, feeding programs, controlling cannibalism, common poultry dis-
eases and of course questions and answers. This workshop will be re-
peated in Swain County on Tuesday October 19th from 2:00 – 5:00 p.m.
The workshop will be held at the Swain Extension Center in Almond on
60 Almond School Rd.

Please pre-register by contacting your local Extension Center at 828 488 3848 (Bryson City) or
828 586 4009 (Sylva). This cost for this program will be $10.00 which you can pay at the door.




The growers in Jackson and neighboring counties are pleased to announce the formation of the
Jackson County Christmas Tree Association. Officers have been elected and by-laws have been
approved. This Association is focused on serving and networking with Christmas tree growers in
counties west and adjacent to Jackson County.

Jackson County Christmas Tree (Association JCCTA) meetings will be held the first Thursday of
each month at 7:00 p.m. in the Cashiers Library. Our next meeting will be held on Tuesday, No-
vember 2nd. All growers in our region are welcome. We have an exciting plan to help promote
and market our Fraser fir trees for 2011. Please come as your input is vital for our success!



                                                                                                 2
                                       Cinara Aphids




Control of Cinara Aphids in the Field
If Cinara aphids are found in the fall on trees to be harvested, treat
with an appropriate insecticide as soon as possible. The only thing
that makes Cinara aphids difficult to control is if they are found back
in the canopy of tree. Any good insecticide will control them if cover-
age is adequate. Using a high pressure sprayer will ensure adequate
coverage. An airblast mistblower may not if trees are large and
dense.

Choose an insecticide that does not have a long residual to reduce
problems with worker exposure or pesticide residues on the harvested tree. For instance, a prod-
uct such as Talstar (bifenthrin) is odorless and a commonly used household insecticide, with few
health problems associated it. Treating at least two weeks before harvest should alleviate any con-
cerns about worker exposure to pesticides.

Control of Cinara Aphids on Harvested Trees
If aphids are not observed until trees are harvested, control is more difficult. Treating harvested or
baled trees is often not effective. Also there is the risk of exposure to pesticides among workers
and customers. Infested trees should be isolated. They can be washed with water to remove
aphids. They can also be treated with an insecticide, and left to dry for several days.

Control of Cinara Aphids on the Tree Lot
Christmas tree lot operators should also be aware of the possibility of
finding Cinara aphids on their Christmas trees. Teach anyone work-
ing on the lot to be aware that if their hands or gloves have purple
stains, this may indicate that Cinara aphids are present. Shaking
every tree before it leaves the lot will help identify trees that are har-
boring Cinara aphids. Washing trees with a water hose before they
are set up for display will also dislodge aphids, identifying problem
trees. Washing trees will also remove dust and pollen, common aller-
gens, for the consumer. If trees are identified with Cinara aphids, tree
lot operators should inform the grower they purchased the trees from. Trees can be treated with a
household insecticide, or insecticidal soap. Use caution when applying flammable materials to cut
trees. Carefully observe trees over a couple of days to see if any more aphids are found. If not,
trees can be made available for sale.

Control of Cinara Aphids for the Consumer. In many instances, customers have already pur-
chased a tree, set it up in the home and decorated it before Cinara aphids are discovered. If possi-
ble, treat the tree where it is standing with a room fogger insecticide. Use caution when applying
flammable materials to cut trees. Be sure to disconnect any lights or ornaments that use electric-
ity before treating. Trees can also be treated with a household aerosol spray insecticide or insecti-
cidal soap. Vacuum up any aphids that are on furnishings with a vacuum cleaner that does not
have a beater bar. Do not squash or smear aphids as they will leave a purple stain. If after treat-
ment aphids reappear, remove the tree from the home.

                                                                                                         3
                                                        Oftentimes, I receive phone call from buyers
                                                        looking for trees. If you have excess trees,
                                                        contact Bill Glenn NCDA's Christmas Tree
    Our Jackson and Swain offices                       Marketing Specialist at the Asheville Farm-
    are in need of Christmas trees.                     ers Market and myself to let us know how
    Each year growers graciously give                   many trees you have, along with their qual-
    a tree that enables our office staff                ity and sizes. You can reach Bill at phone
    to decorate and display North                       number 828 253-1691 or e-mail:
    Carolina's “Cadillac” Fraser fir                    Bill.Glenn@ncmail.net and me in Jackson
    Christmas trees. If you feel led to                 (586-4009) or my Swain office (488-3848).
    donate a tree...please contact                      Both Bill and I will be happy to give your
    Christy at 586-4009 or 488-3848.                    name and phone number to any potential
                                                        buyers that call in.




Sincerely,                                                                                             4
Christy Bredenkamp, Extension Agent
Agriculture-Horticulture




  NC STATE UNIVERSITY

                              Jackson County Center
                              538 Scotts Creek Road, Suite 205
                              Sylva, NC 28779




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