The Great Global Warming Swindle is itself a Fraud and a Swindle

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					“The Great Global Warming Swindle” is itself a Fraud and a Swindle                                      2/15/10 7:52 AM




                                                               Durango Bill’s
                                    Debunking the Deniers of Global Warming



       “The Great Global Warming Swindle” is itself a Fraud and a Swindle
                                                                         by
                                                                     Bill Butler

   “The Great Global Warming Swindle” (DVD/video/movie) is a pseudo-documentary in which British
 television producer Martin Durkin has fraudulently misrepresented both the data involved and scientists who
 have researched global climate. Movie director Durkin has willfully misrepresented the facts about global
 warming just to advocate his own agenda. The program was originally aired on England’s “Channel 4” (The
 “Supermarket Tabloid” of the airwaves). In the past, “Channel 4” has had to broadcast a prime-time apology
 for broadcasting another of Martin Durkin’s “sleazebag” pseudo-documentaries.

   “The Great Global Warming Swindle” is aimed at and appeals to the “Don’t bother me with the facts - I’ve
 already made up my mind” audience. There may be future media presentations by those who wish to promote
 ignorant political viewpoints instead of presenting factual knowledge. (Or possibly, the individuals involved
 have never passed a high school science course and don’t understand that there is a difference.)

   Martin Durkin’s modus operandi for the various versions of the DVD/video/movie appears to be:
 1) I want to propagandize my anti-environment, anti-global warming agenda.
 2) What kind of wild stories, manufactured “evidence”, etc. can I include this time to provide political fodder
 for the scientifically illiterate dimwits?


   The one cardinal rule in science is that you do not misrepresent the data. But this is what the producer of this
 pseudo-documentary has done to try to promote his own opinions.

    The picture-pairs that follow are Print Screen images from the video version of the pseudo-documentary vs.
 the factual data. At one time Google had a copy of the video at http://video.google.com/videoplay?
 docid=4499562022478442170 . All references refer to this Google “Wag TV” video version although it
 appears that it is no longer available at this link. There may be another slightly shorter version at:
 http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-3028847519933351566 Please search the Internet for other versions
 if this shorter version also disappears.

   Viewers are encouraged to compare each of the picture-pairs below and draw their own conclusions as to
 whether the pseudo-documentary is based on factual data, or if the pseudo-documentary falsifies the data as
 part of an anti-environmental campaign. (See the 2nd half of the pseudo-documentary for the anti-
 environmental campaign.)


                                        The Actual Recent Temperature Record
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  This first pair of pictures compares the partial temperature record as presented in “The Great Global
 Warming Swindle” vs. the actual observations as shown at NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies.




   The vertical bars at the right are the pseudo-documentary’s assertion that most of the recent rise in global
 temperatures occurred before 1940. The exact words from the pseudo-documentary are:
 “Most of the rise in temperature occurred before 1940.” (About 14 min. 20 sec. into the presentation.)
 Please take a close look at the right-hand portion of the graph.

   The picture below shows the actual changes in the world’s temperature as presented by NASA’s Goddard
 Institute for Space Studies. http://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp/graphs/




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   Again please take a close look at the right-hand portion of the graph. The pseudo-documentary version of
 the temperature graph omits the last 20 years of data. (And “fluffed” the graph to disguise this omission.) The
 rapid increase in world temperatures over the last 20 years has paralleled the rapid rise in carbon dioxide
 concentrations. However, the pseudo-documentary does not include this data. (Note: The slight cooling that
 took place from 1940 to the 1960’s was caused by increasing sulfates in the atmosphere - see
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Climate_Change_Attribution.png )

   The director of the pseudo-documentary has willfully omitted this most recent data because it would
 disprove the personal agenda that he is trying to promote. When anyone misrepresents real data to try to
 present a personal agenda, what he is doing is flat out

                                                                     FRAUD!!
 As defined by “Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law” at http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/fraud

           “fraud - specifically : a misrepresentation or concealment with reference to some fact material to a
           transaction that is made with knowledge of its falsity or in reckless disregard of its truth or falsity and
           with the intent to deceive another”


   The GISS climate database is shown in the above chart. GISS is used as it covers the entire earth’s surface.
 Some of the Global Warming Deniers claim that GISS is not representative. The graph below shows the
 temperature records from all four of the major climate databases. (NASA/GISS, NOAA/NCDC, HadleyCRU,

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 and JMA (Japan Meteorological Agency)) All four show similar temperature patterns including sharp warming
 in recent decades.




 Note: After the relatively cooler year seen in 2008, temperature anomalies for 2009 are right back up near the
 record highs seen earlier this decade.




                                                The “Global Cooling” Assertions
   And what do the purveyors of the “Global Warming Denial Machine” say when you show them that the
 climate is warming? The following story, posted at DailyTech.com on Feb. 26, 2008, is typical. (Note the
 date.)

           “Twelve-month long drop in world temperatures wipes out a century of warming”
           http://www.dailytech.com/Temperature+Monitors+Report+Widescale+Global+Cooling/article10866.htm

 In reality 2008 showed a temperature anomaly of +0.54
  degrees C. http://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp/tabledata/GLB.Ts.txt
 This makes 2008 the 9th warmest year in history. (2005 is the record warmest year with 2007 the 2nd
 warmest. - Please refer to the above graph.)


                                                   “Accuweather’s” Joe Bastardi
   The “Global Cooling” assertion by the “Global Warming Deniers” even extends to people who should know
 better. For example, Accuweather’s Joe Bastardi has been claiming for years that the climate is cooling. In

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 2005 he said:

           “A weather expert says December 2005 is on pace to become one of the 10 coldest in more than 100
           years, despite claims at a global conference on climate change this week that the Earth is getting
           warmer.
           Joe Bastardi, senior meteorologist with Accuweather.com, says present weather patterns across the
           country show below-normal temperatures in the single digits, with still colder air forecast in the coming
           weeks.
           All told, he said, "the current look and pace may bring December 2005 in as a top 10 month for cold
           Decembers nationwide since the late 1800s."”

           http://www.worldnetdaily.com/news/article.asp?ARTICLE_ID=47887

 In practice, Dec. 2005 turned out to be the 2nd warmest December on record (up through 2005).

                                         Does the phrase “Out of touch with reality” come to mind?
                                                  As the credit card ad says: “Priceless”

   Joe Bastardi also appears to be guilty of unprofessional conduct in that his Global Warming Denial is part of
 a political agenda. For example, there is a chart that shows “Global Cooling” some 80 to 95 seconds into a Joe
 Bastardi video that can be seen at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z6Y2iF99kOY . (A close-up of the chart
 can be seen at http://icecap.us/images/uploads/SPPI8YR.jpg ) Note that the source of the chart (as seen in the
 close-up) is “www.scienceandpublicpolicy.org”.

 The chart itself has several faults:
 1) The source of the “data” is left as a mystery.
 2) The time period of 1998 to present is much too short to be representative.
 3) The starting year of 1998 is about a blatant example of “cherry picking” as you are ever going to get.
 Additonal info about the chart’s origin and misrepresentations including “Not just wrong, fake.” can be found
 at:
 http://www.realclimate.org/index.php/archives/2009/05/moncktons-deliberate-manipulation/
 http://www.ossfoundation.us/projects/environment/global-warming/myths/christopher-monckton

   The actual label on the graph is “www.scienceandpublicpolicy.org”. “Science and Public Policy” is basically
 a one-man operation run by a long-time Republican staffer named Robert Ferguson.
 http://scienceandpublicpolicy.org/contact.html

 The following information about Robert Ferguson and the Science and Public Policy Global Cooling graph
 can be seen at:
 http://www.desmogblog.com/the-endocrinologist-the-viscount-of-brenchley-and-the-dc-think-tank

           “Notes on the Science and Public Policy Global Cooling graph.
           (Run by Robert Ferguson)
           The Science and Public Policy Institute (SPPI) was founded by a long-time Republican staffer named
           Robert Ferguson. According to the SPPI website, Ferguson "has 26 years of Capitol Hill experience,
           having worked in both the House and Senate. He served in the House Republican Study Committee, the
           Senate Republican Policy Committee; as Chief of Staff to Congressman Jack Fields (R-TX) from 1981-
           1997, Chief of Staff to
           Congressman John E. Peterson (R-PA) from 1997-2002 and Chief of Staff to Congressman Rick Renzi
           (R-AZ) in 2002.
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           Until recently, Ferguson worked for an oil-industry funded think tank called Frontiers of Freedom. The
           Frontiers of Freedom are one of the most active groups in the attack on climate science and have
           received over $1 million in grants from oil giant ExxonMobil.”

 As for Joe Bastardi’s (not factual) “knowledge” of past climates, on multiple occasions he has stated:

 “The Vikings were raising grapes on the north coast in Newfoundland.”
 http://newsbusters.org/blogs/jeff-poor/2009/12/11/accuweather-forecaster-climate-change-it-s-ice-not-fire-you-re-going-be-w
 http://baroclinic.blogspot.com/2009/12/joe-bastardi-weighs-in-on-climategate.html

   In reality, the only known Viking settlement in North American was at “L'Anse aux Meadows”, and this was
 used as a staging ground for expeditions that extended as far south as Nova Scotia.
 “The L'Anse aux Meadows site is not Vínland.”
 http://www.hurstwic.org/history/articles/society/text/North_American_exploration.htm
 “Although L'Anse aux Meadows is not Vinland”
 http://www.pc.gc.ca/eng/lhn-nhs/nl/meadows/natcul/vinland.aspx

 Bastardi’s claim that it was warm enough 1,000 years ago to grow grapes in northern Newfoundland is simply
 an arrogant fantasy.

   In summary, Joe Bastardi is promoting a political agenda from a person who “has 26 years of Capitol Hill
 experience” instead of sticking to the science of meteorology.

  Also, please see: “ Meteorological Malpractice: Accuweather’s Joe Bastardi pushes the “70s Ice Age
 Scare” myth again”
 http://climateprogress.org/2010/01/07/accuweather-meteorologist-joe-bastardi-pushes-the-70s-ice-age-scare-myth-science/
 “Accuweather’s meteorologist Joe Bastardi likes to push anti-science global cooling conspiracy theories”



   Some of the Global Warming Deniers “cherry pick” a short time period from the HadCRUT 3V database to
 claim that the world has been cooling since 1998. This is willfully misleading for several reasons.

 1) The short time period is not representative.
 2) The starting date is obvious “cherry picking”.
 3) HadCRUT 3V does not include the Arctic Ocean/North Pole area. GISS does include the Arctic. GISS is a
 better database as it includes a larger area. Warming has been greatest over the Arctic which is why GISS data
 shows more warming than HadCRUT 3V. There is more information on this difference at:
 http://www.realclimate.org/index.php/archives/2008/11/mind-the-gap/



                 The Myth of the 1970s Global Cooling Scientific Consensus
 The following is a quote from the American Meteorological Society.
 http://ams.allenpress.com/perlserv/?request=get-abstract&doi=10.1175%2F2008BAMS2370.1

           “An enduring popular myth suggests that in the 1970s the climate science community was predicting

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           “global cooling” and an “imminent” ice age, an observation frequently used by those who would
           undermine what climate scientists say today about the prospect of global warming. A review of the
           literature suggests that, on the contrary, greenhouse warming even then dominated scientists' thinking as
           being one of the most important forces shaping Earth's climate on human time scales. More importantly
           than showing the falsehood of the myth, this review describes how scientists of the time built the
           foundation on which the cohesive enterprise of modern climate science now rests.”




   The graph above shows monthly temperature anomalies starting with Jan.1975 using data from NASA’s
 Goddard Institute for Space Studies. http://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp/tabledata/GLB.Ts+dSST.txt
 The “Global Warming Deniers” claim that the world has been cooling this decade. The graph shows that “The
 Deniers” are willfully misrepresenting the actual observations. Misrepresentations and willfully false claims by
 the “Global Warming Deniers” are their standard mode of operation.

    As of the end of Dec. 2009, the year 2009 has narrowly nosed out 1998 and 2007 to go down as the second

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 warmest year on record. As of now, 2005 still holds the record for the warmest year.




   The graph above shows monthly temperature anomalies for the same period (1975 to current), but is limited
 to just regular meteorological stations. While the total area covered by meteorological stations leaves large
 gaps as compared to total world area, these measurements provide good historical coverage. Temperatures are
 measured the “old fashion way” using reliable thermometers. It is interesting to note that the trend is still the
 same. (Source data is from: http://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp/tabledata/GLB.Ts.txt )

   The Global Warming Deniers frequently assert that GISS data is a fictional set of numbers that are
 manufactured by James Hansen. If you check the references, you will find out that GISS is a joint project of
 NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center - Earth Sciences Division and Columbia University. The actual
 physical location of the research facility is Columbia University’s Armstrong Hall in New York City. (See
 http://www.giss.nasa.gov/about/ ) Thus, if you are going to claim that the numbers are fabricated, then you
 would also have to claim that Columbia University is part of the fabrication process. (There appears to be an
 anti-intellectualism bias in the Global Warming Denier community.)




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   The National Climatic Data Center subdivision of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration is
 the world’s largest active archive of weather data. The chart above shows its tabulation for monthly
 temperature anomalies. Data can be accessed from
 http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/research/anomalies/index.html - then click on “The Monthly Global
 (land and ocean combined into an anomaly) Index (degrees C)”. Even though it is compiled using different
 metrics, the data from NOAA’s National Climate Data Center shows a warming trend that is very similar to
 what shows up in the GISS data.




            The Historical Temperature Data vs. Carbon Dioxide & Methane
  1 min. 15 seconds into the pseudo-documentary the following statement is made: “We can’t say that CO2
 will drive climate, it certainly never did in the past.”

   The scientific record shows that the above statement is completely false, and discredits the person making it
 (Ian Clark). The record shows there is a strong correlation between past levels of carbon dioxide and methane

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 vs. the earth’s temperature.




   The original version of the above chart can be found at http://www.realclimate.org/epica.jpg. It is derived
 from multiple ice cores that record atmospheric conditions and climate for the last 650,000 years. (Wikipedia
 has a similar version plus additional charts at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Co2-temperature-plot.svg )

   The black center line in the chart measures deuterium (hydrogen isotope) ratios found in the old ice.
 (Deuterium ratios are a stand-in for the historical temperature.) The red line shows methane levels while the
 blue line shows carbon dioxide ratios.

   For comparative purposes, the current CO2 ratio in the earth's atmosphere is in excess of 380 parts per
 million and is climbing steeply. If this current ratio were plotted, it would be at the left end of the blue line,
 and far above anything seen in the previous 650,000 years. We are running an uncontrolled experiment with
 our atmosphere.




                                                          The 800-Year Time Lag
   About 23 minutes into the pseudo-documentary, an assertion is made that carbon dioxide is not responsible
 for global warming because ice records show there have been several instances where warming has begun
 some ~800 years before carbon dioxide levels begin to increase. The actual 800-year lead is true, but the
 conclusion presented in the pseudo-documentary is not true.

    As pointed out by Jeff Severinghaus (Professor of Geosciences, Scripts Institution of Oceanography,

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 University of California, San Diego http://www.realclimate.org/index.php/archives/2004/12/co2-in-ice-cores ),
 historical warm-up periods begin via some variable event that starts a warming cycle. For example, in the past,
 these initializing events were usually set off by Milankovitch variations in the earth’s orbit that changed the
 amount of sunshine reaching the ground in the northern hemisphere. This time, the initialization event has
 been a human induced spike in carbon dioxide concentrations. (Of note, the article at the above URL is dated
 as of Dec. 3, 2004 which is more than 2 years before Durkin’s pseudo-documentary was released.)

  In turn, the initial warming event triggers a chain reaction/feedback release of carbon dioxide (blue line in the
 above chart) and methane (red line in the above chart) from the earth’s oceans, which then drives the rest of
 the warm-up cycle. Please see Jeff Severinghaus’ article

 “What does the lag of CO2 behind temperature in ice cores tell us about global warming?”
 at the above web page for more information.

 Alternately please see a longer article:
 “The lag between temperature and CO2. (Gore’s got it right.)” by Eric Steig
 http://www.realclimate.org/index.php/archives/2007/04/the-lag-between-temp-and-co2/




                                                              Milankovitch Cycles
   The ~100,000 year periodic cycles that can be seen in the above chart appear to be closely correlated with
 changes in the amount of summertime heat energy (insolation) at high latitudes in the Northern Hemisphere.
 (This in turn drives ocean currents starting with the North Atlantic Ocean.)

  The most recent Milankovitch analysis indicates this forcing factor would have produced cooling for the last
 6,000 years, but changes for the next few thousand years will be relatively minor. If Milankovich cycles were
 the sole contributor, we would be experiencing a relatively cool climate now instead of the observed rapid
 warming that has taken place over the last 100 years. For further information, please see:
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milankovitch_cycles ; and in particular please see the red line in the chart at:
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:InsolationSummerSolstice65N.png

   Finally, it should be noted that changes in the earth’s orbit and rotational wobble have a time factor
 measured in thousands of years. The rapid warming that has been observed over the last 100 years is well
 below the threshold that could be produced by Milankovitch cycles.




                                                                     Sunspots
   Another assertion in the pseudo-documentary is that sunspots are responsible for global warming. The
 pseudo-documentary can’t make up its mind whether to assert that it’s sunspots, or some indeterminate “Solar
 Activity” that is causing changes in temperature; but we will present the pseudo-documentary’s “Solar
 Activity” chart and compare it with the historical sunspot record.




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   The Print Screen image above shows the pseudo-documentary’s “Solar Activity” chart. The blue-green line
 shows the temperature for most of the last 400 years. Again, the film’s producer has omitted the steep
 warming seen in the last 20 years. If the chart had included this recent warming, the blue-green line would
 have run off the top of the chart. (See the first pair of pictures.)

   The red line is purported to depict “Solar Activity”. If whatever the pseudo-documentary chose to represent
 as “Solar Activity” had any correlation to observed temperatures, then the red line should have spiked just as
 the recent temperature has. Of course the red line is conveniently not plotted for the last few decades.

   The red line may have been based on original work by Nathan Rive and Eigil Friis-Christensen. They have
 issued a joint statement stating that the “red line” data was made up of fabricated data that was presented as
 genuine.
 http://folk.uio.no/nathan/web/statement.html

           Regarding: “The Great Global Warming Swindle”, broadcast in the UK on Channel 4 on March 8, 2007

           We have concerns regarding the use of a graph featured in the documentary titled ‘Temp & Solar
           Activity 400 Years’. Firstly, we have reason to believe that parts of the graph were made up of
           fabricated data that were presented as genuine. The inclusion of the artificial data is both misleading and
           pointless…it incorrectly rules out a contribution by anthropogenic greenhouse gases to 20th century
           global warming.

    Ian Clark (The spokesman for the earlier discredited quote: “We can’t say that CO2 will drive climate, it

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 certainly never did in the past.”) supports this incorrect solar/sunspot conjecture.
 http://www.canada.com/nationalpost/financialpost/story.html?id=79ef0ec2-4c4c-49e0-b39c-60b13b2ba764




    The chart above is an excerpt from NASA’s “Solar Cycle Update” at
 http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2004/18oct_solarminimum.htm.
 It shows the actual number of observed sunspots over the last 400 years. (The number of sunspots has been
 counted for the last 400 years, and this record is our only direct measurement of “Solar Activity” for this time
 span.) The actual information as shown above doesn’t resemble the red line in the pseudo-documentary. The
 source data for the red line in the pseudo-documentary thus remains a mystery.

   If short term temperatures followed a sunspot cycle, we should see similar short term temperature
 oscillations that correspond to the ~11 year sunspot cycle. No short term correlation exists. The pseudo-
 documentary tries to correlate the minor 1940 top in temperatures with the number of sunspots. A quick look
 at the sunspot chart shows no 1940 correlation. Similarly, if sunspots were responsible for the large observed
 increase in world temperatures over the last few decades, then there should also be some unusual anomaly in
 the sunspot pattern over the same last few decades. No such anomaly exists.




                                                                     Solar Irradiance




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   Solar Irradiance through October 2009, based on concatenation of multiple satellite records by Claus
 Frohlich and Judith Lean (see Frohlich, 2006). Averaged over day and night, Earth absorbs about 240 W/m2
 of energy from the sun, so the irradiance variation of about 0.1 percent causes a direct climate forcing of just
 over 0.2 W/m2 .
 Original graph from: http://theenergycollective.com/TheEnergyCollective/55125

   Solar Irradiance (Unobstructed heat energy from the sun) has been measured by satellites for over 30 years.
 As seen in the above graph, there has been no significant increase in solar radiation that could account for the
 increase in the earth’s temperature over the last few decades. The cyclical pattern in the above graph closely
 approximates the sunspot cycle.

 A recent study of solar radiation was released July 11, 2007
 “Solar variations not behind global warming: study”
 http://www.reuters.com/article/scienceNews/idUSL101501320070710
 “Solar activity cleared of global warming blame”
 http://www.theage.com.au/news/national/solar-activity-cleared-of-global-warming-blame/2007/07/11/1183833599508.html

   The original research report (published in the “Proceedings of the Royal Society” - highly technical) is at:
 http://www.pubs.royalsoc.ac.uk/media/proceedings_a/rspa20071880.pdf
 “Recent oppositely directed trends in solar climate forcings and the global mean surface air
 temperature”

   This most recent research study indicates that solar irradiance has actually decreased slightly since the mid
 1980s. (Which is what can be seen in the NASA solar irradiance measurements.)



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   These two chart pairs from pages 5 and 7 of the
 above report show that solar irradiance is not
 responsible for the sharp increase in observed world
 temperatures over the last few decades. (TSI = Total
 Solar Irradiance, ΔT = observed temperature
 anomaly) In the first pair of graphs, the ~11 year
 sunspot cycle overwhelms directly observable longer
 term changes in irradiance, while random temperature
 fluctuations add a lot of “jiggles” to the temperature
 graph.

   In the second pair of graphs, the sunspot cycle has
 been subtracted out and temperature data has been
 smoothed. In the smoothed temperature chart, GISS is
 Goddard Institute for Space Studies (NASA) data
 while HadCRUT3 is data from England’s Hadley
 Center for Research. The red line in the irradiance
 chart shows the resultant best fit while the other lines reflect various damping factors.

   As shown in the charts, not only have temperatures continued to rise since 1985, the rate of temperature
 increase is accelerating. Total solar irradiance (total solar radiated energy) has slightly decreased during this
 period. Thus solar irradiance is clearly not responsible for the recent increase in the earth’s temperature.

   The report also examines sunspot counts, length of the sunspot cycle, solar magnetic flux, and cosmic rays as
 part of the study. The report’s conclusion is:

            “Our results show that the observed rapid rise in global mean temperatures seen after 1985 cannot be
           ascribed to solar variability, whichever of the mechanisms is invoked and no matter how much the solar

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           variation is amplified.”


 Also, “Changes in Solar Brightness Too Weak to Explain Global Warming”
 http://www.ucar.edu/news/releases/2006/brightness.shtml



 The “Denial Industry” / “Denial Machine”

   Yet the only real evidence that the “deniers” (and their well-
 funded “Denial Industry” / “Denial Machine” ) can demonstrate
 is that they are not mentally capable of understanding real
 evidence. Note: “The Denial Machine” video includes Fred
 Singer’s (see below) assertion that tobacco smoke is not a health
 hazard.

   Also, as part of their campaign, the deniers continue to churn
 out fabricated/manufactured “evidence” that has no factual basis.
 Please see Newsweek’s Aug. 13, 2007 cover story - “The Truth
 About Denial” - for additional information.
 http://www.newsweek.com/id/32482

 (The article is a lengthy documentation of the what/why/when of the “Denial Machine”, who is financing it,
 and how it is flooding the world with disinformation to obfuscate the real evidence of global warming (climate
 change).)

 (If you don’t understand the above cartoon, you need to see the “Creationism = Willful Ignorance” page.)


   A quote from http://currentera.com/SwindlersList.html
 “Ok, so now we know that Durkin admittedly has no problem with fudging charts and graphs to meet his own
 ends”
 There is much more at this web site.


   The low activity in sunspots from 1650 to 1700 is of interest. This dip in sunspot activity is called the
 Maunder Minimum in honor of astronomer E. W. Maunder. There appears to be some correlation with
 historical temperatures as this period coincided with the “Little Ice Age”. However, if this correlation were
 stronger, then temperatures should have maxed out with the late 1950’s peak in sunspots. This is not what we
 observe in the temperature records. Thus sunspots are not the cause of the sharp global warming we have seen
 in the last few decades.




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    The chart above from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:1000_Year_Temperature_Comparison.png shows
 a composite of 10 different temperature reconstructions over the last 1000 years. The Maunder Minimum does
 coincide with the lowest temperature readings, but it is a loose fit at best, and may be coincidental. Of note,
 the Medieval Warm Period was not as warm as current temperatures. (This refutes the graphic shown in the
 pseudo-documentary which claims the Medieval Warm Period was warmer than present temperatures.)

   The medium blue line that starts at the left edge in the above chart is Michael Mann’s original “Hockey
 Stick”. Michael Mann’s temperature reconstruction has been confirmed by other temperature reconstructions
 which indicates that he has had it right all along.




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   Gabriel Fahrenheit invented the modern thermometer in the early 1700’s. Thus early temperatures have to be
 reconstructed by indirect methods as shown in the preceding “Reconstructed Temperature” picture. The graph
 shown in the pseudo-documentary is not based on accurate data.




                                                                     Cosmic Rays
   At about 33 minutes into the pseudo-documentary, there is an assertion that cosmic rays generate clouds that
 in turn cause changes in the earth’s temperature. This assertion is refuted by the following article published by
 the American Geophysical Union.
 http://www.agu.org/sci_soc/prrl/prrl0405.html (Summary only)
 http://www.pik-potsdam.de/~stefan/Publications/Journals/rahmstorf_etal_eos_2004.pdf (Full text)


                                 “Cosmic Rays Are Not the Cause of Climate Change, Scientists Say”

             Eleven Earth and space scientists say that a recent paper attributing most climate change on Earth to
           cosmic rays is incorrect and based on questionable methodology. Writing in the January 27 issue of Eos,
           published by the American Geophysical Union, Stefan Rahmstorf of the Potsdam Institute for Climate
           Impact Research and colleagues in Canada, France, Germany, Switzerland, and the United States
           challenge the cosmic ray hypothesis.

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   The authors of the above research conclude that the cosmic ray hypothesis is “incorrect and based on
 questionable methodology” and is “scientifically ill-founded”.

 The assertion in the pseudo-documentary may well be based on this discredited cosmic ray hypothesis.

   If you want to look at cosmic ray measurements for the last 50 years, you can see the actual data at
 ftp://ftp.ngdc.noaa.gov/STP/SOLAR_DATA/COSMIC_RAYS/climax.tab. The solar wind is stronger during
 periods of high sunspot activity which in turn reduces the number of cosmic rays that can reach the earth. Thus
 there is an 11-year inverse correlation with the sunspot cycle.




   The chart above illustrates the average hourly cosmic ray count rate (1,000’s per hour) for each year
 beginning in 1953 as measured at the high altitude observatory in Climax, Colorado. (Data is from the above
 web link. 2006 data is a preliminary average for the first 11 months.) The pseudo-documentary’s cosmic ray
 conjecture states that high cosmic ray intensities produce more clouds which would produce cooler earth
 temperatures. If this conjecture were true, then we should see a corresponding 11-year cycle in the earth’s
 temperature. If we compare this chart with the actual temperature record (the NASA/GISS temperature record
 shown earlier), there is no apparent correlation.




                                                                     Volcanoes
   At about 25 minutes 18 seconds into the pseudo-documentary, the video/film shows an animated cartoon of
 a volcano and asserts that volcanoes emit more carbon dioxide than human induced emissions. The exact quote
 from the pseudo-documentary is:


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                    “Volcanoes produce more CO2 each year than all the factories and cars and planes and other
                    sources of man-made carbon dioxide put together.”




 Once again the pseudo-documentary willfully falsifies the facts. The following quote is from the U. S.
 Geological Survey. http://volcanoes.usgs.gov/Hazards/What/VolGas/volgas.html

                           Comparison of CO2 emissions from volcanoes vs. human activities.

           “Scientists have calculated that volcanoes emit between about 130-230 million tonnes (145-255 million
           tons) of CO2 into the atmosphere every year (Gerlach, 1999, 1991). This estimate includes both
           subaerial and submarine volcanoes, about in equal amounts. Emissions of CO2 by human activities,
           including fossil fuel burning, cement production, and gas flaring, amount to about 27 billion tonnes per
           year (30 billion tons) [ ( Marland, et al., 2006) - The reference gives the amount of released carbon (C),
                                       activities release more than 130 times
           rather than CO2, through 2003.]. Human
           the amount of CO2 emitted by volcanoes--the equivalent of more than 8,000
           additional volcanoes like Kilauea (Kilauea emits about 3.3 million tonnes/year)! (Gerlach et. al., 2002)”




                          Misrepresentation of statements by scientific experts
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   The pseudo-documentary “The Great Global Warming Swindle” also abusively uses “cut and paste”, out-of-
 context statements by at least one legitimate scientist. The result willfully misconstrues the original meaning to
 instead promote the producer’s agenda. The following are statements by Carl Wunsch, professor of physical
 oceanography at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and are posted at:
 http://www.celsias.com/blog/2007/03/11/the-great-global-warming-swindle/


                                           Climate scientist ‘duped to deny global warming’

             A Leading US climate scientist is considering legal action after he says he was duped into appearing
           in a Channel 4 documentary that claimed man-made global warming is a myth. Carl Wunsch, professor
           of physical oceanography at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, said the film, The Great Global
           Warming Swindle, was ‘grossly distorted’ and ‘as close to pure propaganda as anything since World
           War Two’.

             He says his comments in the film were taken out of context and that he would not have agreed to take
           part if he had known it would argue that man-made global warming was not a serious threat. ‘I thought
           they were trying to educate the public about the complexities of climate change,’ he said. ‘This seems
           like a deliberate attempt to exploit someone who is on the other side of the issue.’ He is considering a
           complaint to Ofcom, the broadcast regulator. - Guardian

             Professor Wunsch said: “I am angry because they completely misrepresented me. My views were
           distorted by the context in which they placed them. I was misled as to what it was going to be about. I
           was told about six months ago that this was to be a programme about how complicated it is to
           understand what is going on. If they had told me even the title of the programme, I would have
           absolutely refused to be on it. I am the one who has been swindled.” - Independent

 The above web site has multiple other links that refute the assertions made in the pseudo-documentary.

 A complete listing of MIT’s Professor Carl Wunsch's comments on the pseudo-documentary can be found at:
 http://ocean.mit.edu/~cwunsch/CHANNEL4.html




                                            The Other “Experts” in the Program
   The pseudo-documentary implies that the other people who appeared are knowledgeable experts in their
 fields. In practice, their best expertise seems to be wrangling payments from large energy companies -
 especially anti-environmental organizations. The following list of brief biographies is a long quote from:
 http://climatedenial.org (Original posting will scroll downward)
 http://climatedenial.org/2007/03/09/the-great-channel-four-swindle/

           Fred Singer. Despite the caption on the programme, Singer has retired from the University of Virginia
           and has not had a single article accepted for any peer-reviewed scientific journal for 20 years. His main
           work has been as a hired gun for business interests to undermine scientific research on environmental
           and health matters. Before turning to climate change denial he has argued that CFCs do not cause ozone
           depletion and second hand smoke does not cause cancer (more… ). In 1990 he founded “The Science
           and Environment Policy Project”, which aggressively contradicts climate science and has received direct
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           funding from Exxon, Shell, Unocal and ARCO. Exxon is also among the funders ($20,000 in 1998 and
           2000)

           Patrick Michaels is the most prominent US climate change denier. In the programme he claimed “I’ve
           never been paid a nickel by the old and gas companies” which is a curious claim. According to the US
           journalist Ross Gebspan Michaels has received direct funding from, among others German Coal Mining
           Association ($49,000), Edison Electric Institute ($15,000), and the Western Fuels Association ($63,000)
           an association of US coal producing interests (more…). The WFA is one of the most powerful forces in
           the US actively denying the basic science of climate change, funding, amongs other things, the Greening
           Earth Society which is directed by Patrick Michaels. Tom Wigley, one of the leading IPCC scientists,
           describes Michaels work as “a catalog of misrepresentation and misinterpretation”. (More on
           Michaels…)

           Philip Stott was captioned as a Professor at the University of London although he is retired and is
           therefore free of any academic accountability. Stott is a geographer by training and has no qualifications
           in climate science. Since retiring Stott has aimed to become Britain’s leading anti-green pundit
           dedicating himself to wittily criticizing rainforest campaigns (with Patrick Moore), advocating genetic
           engineering and claiming that “global warming is the new fundamentalist religion.”

           Patrick Moore is Stott’s Canadian equivalent. Since a very personal and painful falling out with
           Greenpeace in 1986 Moore has put his considerable campaigning energies into undermining
           environmentalists, especially his former friends and colleagues. Typical of his rhetoric was his claim in
           the programme that environmentalists were “anti-human” and “treat humans as scum”. Throughout the
           1990s Moore worked as lead consultant for the British Columbian Timber Products Association
           undermining Greenpeace’s international campaign to protect old growth forest there. Whenever he has
           the chance he also makes strong public statements in favour of genetic engineering, nuclear power,
           logging the Amazon, and industrial fishing- all, strangely, lead campaigns for Greenpeace (more on
           Moore..)

           Piers Corbyn has no academic status and his role in such programmes is to promote his own weather
           prediction business. He has steadfastly refused to ever subject his climatological theories to any form of
           external review or scrutiny.

           Richard Lindzen. As a Professor of Meteorology at the credible Massachusetts Institute of
           Technology, Lindzen is by far the most reputable academic among the US climate deniers and, for this
           reason, he is heavily cited by sympathetic journalists such as Melanie Phillips and Michael Crichton.
           His arguments though are identical to the other deniers – for example an article in the Wall Street
           Journal (June 11 2001) he claims that “there is no consensus, unanimous or otherwise, about long-term
           climate trends or what causes them”.
           He is strongly associated with the other people on the programme though co-authored reports, articles,
           conference appearances and co-signed statements.

           Tim Ball was captioned as the University of Winnipeg. In fact he left in 1996 since when he has run
           political campaigns through two organisations he helped found: the Natural Resources Stewardship
           Project and the Friends of Science which, according to their websites aim to run “a proactive grassroots
           campaign to counter the Kyoto Protocol”; and “encourage and assist the Canadian Federal Government
           to re-evaluate the Kyoto Protocol”. Ian Clark is also on the board of the NRSP.


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   As to the claim that Tim Ball is/was a professor in the Climatology Department at the University of
 Winnipeg, “the University of Winnipeg has never had a Department of Climatology”
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Great_Global_Warming_Swindle.

 As quoted by the Defendants (the Defendants eventually prevailed) against Tim Ball (the Plaintiff) in a
 lawsuit:

           “The Defendants state that the Plaintiff never held a reputation in the scientific community as a noted
           climatologist and authority on global warming.”

           “The Plaintiff is viewed as a paid promoter of the agenda of the oil and gas industry rather than as a
           practicing scientist.”

 http://www.desmogblog.com/sites/beta.desmogblog.com/files/Calgary%20Herald%20Statement%20of%20Defence.pdf   (Page 12,
 Section 50)

   Tim Ball is also one of the perpetrators of the “Global Cooling” myth with statements such as: “Yes, it
 warmed from 1680 up to 1940, but since 1940 it’s been cooling down.”
 http://www.fcpp.org/main/publication_detail.php?PubID=864 Please refer to the “Global Temperature” chart
 near the top of this page to see what has really happened. Is Tim Ball willfully lying or is Tim Ball completely
 out of touch with reality? (Could both be true?)

    Another “Tim Ballism”: “But also, the majority of the scientists who are on the Kyoto and global warming

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 bandwagon know nothing about the science.” http://www.fcpp.org/main/publication_detail.php?PubID=864
 Please refer to the “Recommended links for further research” section below for links/references about
 scientists who are on the “global warming bandwagon”.

   And yet another Tim Ball delusion: “Pre-industrial CO2 levels were about the same as today.”
 http://www.canadafreepress.com/index.php/article/6855
 Please note that current CO2 levels are above 385 parts per million - and then see where this would be plotted
 on the graph shown earlier in the “The Historical Temperature Data vs. Carbon Dioxide & Methane” section.
 (Hint: Nothing even close for over 650,000 years.)




   Similarly, the pseudo-documentary has a caption saying Fred Singer was the “Former Director, US National
 Weather Service”. In fact, Fred Singer was never a “Former Director, US National Weather Service”. These
 claims are not true, and are willful misrepresentations of the credentials of the participants in the movie. These
 are typical of the fraudulent claims that are present in the pseudo-documentary.

   For example, at about 16 min. 24 sec. into the pseudo-documentary, Tim Ball asserts that the carbon dioxide
 content of the atmosphere is 0.054%. You would think that a real “professor of climatology” would know that
 the CO2 content of the atmosphere has only climbed above 0.038% in the last few years
 (http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ccgg/trends/), and was consistently below 0.030% for at least 650,000 years
 before 1900.

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 Additional information at http://scienceblogs.com/stoat/2007/06/piers_corbyn.php describes Piers Corbyn
 thusly:

           “Piers Corbyn does not appear to have any academic standing, background, or contacts; he refuses to
           divulge his prediction techniques or methods to anyone for examination; and his actual prediction record
           is, shall we say, not exactly justified by the evidence, and I can say this from watching him.”

           “Overall, I would place him in the category of "successful huckster" with the integrity of a sincere
           astrologer.”

 Note: A Google search using < “Piers Corbyn” charlatan > returns a significant number of hits.


   The following information on Richard S. Lindzen was not included above but can be found at:
 http://www.alternet.org/envirohealth/50494/ and http://dieoff.org/page82.htm#1

           “Lindzen, for his part, charges oil and coal interests $2,500 a day for his consulting services; his 1991
           trip to testify before a Senate committee was paid for by Western Fuels, and a speech he wrote, entitled
           "Global Warming: the Origin and Nature of Alleged Scientific Consensus," was underwritten by
           OPEC.”…“In 1991, Western Fuels spent an estimated $250,000 to produce and distribute a video
           entitled "The Greening of Planet Earth," which was shown frequently inside the Bush White House as
           well as within the governments of OPEC.”

 And as quoted at: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/hotpolitics/reports/skeptics.html

           Dr. Lindzen is a member of the Advisory Council of the Annapolis Center for Science Based Public
           Policy, which has received large amounts of funding from ExxonMobil and smaller amounts from
           Daimler Chrysler, according to a review Exxon's own financial documents and 990s from Daimler
           Chrysler's Foundation. Lindzen is a also been a contributor to the Cato Institute [see “Organized Crime”
           below], which has taken $90,000 from Exxon since 1998, according to the website Exxonsecrets.org and
           a review Exxon financial documents. He is also a contributor for the George C. Marshall Institute.




       “Organized Crime” and the Pseudo-documentary’s “Expert”, S. Fred
                                    Singer
   It appears that the pseudo-documentary’s “expert”, “Professor”
 Fred Singer, has been a co-organizer (with “Organized Crime”) of
 pseudo-scientific organizations whose members consist of “other
 scientists” who were willing participants in a “Propaganda for
 pay” program. The purpose of these pseudo-scientific
 organizations was to provide “anti-environmental”/“anti-
 consumerism” reports. These pseudo-scientific organizations are
 actually fronts for large energy and tobacco companies that wanted

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 reports by “name scientists” that would hide (via “disinformation”)
 the fact that carbon dioxide emissions are causing “global
 warming” (climate change). (Participation by tobacco companies
 was to hide the harmful effects of cigarette smoking.)

   Currently, a Google search using < “Fred Singer” “organized
 crime” > returns over 1,000 hits. You will find multiple
 connections to other people in the above list including Patrick
 Michaels’ links with the Cato Institute (e. g.
 http://www.cato.org/people/michaels.html ). In turn, the Cato
 Institute is part of David Koch’s “alleged” “organized crime”
 network. (Picture at right is from
 http://www.ecosyn.us/adti/Koctopus_01.html, and it has a great
 deal more information.)

 A couple of good starter links for further research would include:
 http://h2-pv.us/adti/AdTI_Contents/AdTI_Contents.html
 http://www.ecosyn.us/adti/Singer-Nightline.html

 For other links, “Google is your friend”. For example: < “Koch Industries” “global warming” >




              Complicity between Patrick Michaels, Koch, etc. and the IREA
                       (Intermountain Rural Electric Association)
 The following quotes are from page 2 of a July 17, 2006 IREA newsletter.
 Signed by Stanley R. Lewandowski, Jr. (General Manager)
 http://www.realclimate.org/irea_letterJul06.pdf

           “In February of this year, IREA alone contributed $100,000 to Dr. Michaels. In addition, we have
           contacted all of the G & T’s in the United States and as of the writing of this letter, we have obtained
           additional contributions and pledges for Dr. Michaels group.”

           “Koch Industries is working with other large corporations, including AEP and the Southern Company,
           on possibly financing a film that would counteract An Inconvenient Truth. Koch has also decided to
           finance a coalition that very likely will be administered through the National Association of
           Manufacturers.”

 There is no confirmation regarding a connection between the above “financing a film” and Durkin’s TGGWS,
 but - if you could follow the money…?



                               More on Fred Singer from the New York Times
   The following quotes were originally in the New York Times on April 26, 1998 and are archived at
 http://www.stopesso.com/coverage/00000077.php It seems that not only is Fred Singer a member of the

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 “Denial Industry”, he helped to organize it. (Note: The reference to “argue against the Administration” was in
 Clinton’s administration. The Bush administration has tried to reinforce this anti-climate agenda.)


     INDUSTRIAL GROUP PLANS TO BATTLE CLIMATE
                      TREATY
         By JOHN H. CUSHMAN Jr. (New York Times) 1140 words
                       April 26, 1998, Sunday


           WASHINGTON, April 25 -- Industry opponents of a treaty to
           fight global warming have drafted an ambitious proposal to
           spend millions of dollars to convince the public that the
           environmental accord is based on shaky science. Among their
           ideas is a campaign to recruit a cadre of scientists who share the
           industry's views of climate science and to train them in public
           relations so they can help convince journalists, politicians and
           the public that the risk of global warming is too uncertain to
           justify controls on greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide that trap
           the sun's heat near Earth.

           The draft plan calls for recruiting scientists to argue against the Administration, and suggests that they
           include ''individuals who do not have a long history of visibility and/or participation in the climate
           change debate.'' But among the plan's advocates are groups already linked to the best-known critics of
                            They include the Science and Environment Policy
           global-warming science.
           Project, founded by Fred Singer, a physicist noted for opposing the mainstream view of
           climate science.

   This “Industrial Group” financing campaign to manufacture doubt about Global Warming has been
 continuing ever since. The front groups that receive the corporate money are presented as “think tanks” and
 “research organizations”, but what is in back of them is strictly paid propaganda financed by large
 corporations. Jeff Masters has an in depth analysis that provides additional details. Please see “The
 Manufactured Doubt industry and the hacked email controversy” at
 http://www.wunderground.com/blog/JeffMasters/comment.html?entrynum=1389




                                                    Does Global Warming Exist?
   As to whether “global warming” exists, we only have to look at the earth’s canary birds - the glaciers. For
 example, see http://www.gi.alaska.edu/ScienceForum/ASF17/1731.html.




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   The (historic) Muir Glacier is an extreme example, but there are many other examples. (If you have Google
 Earth on your computer, go to 59.012N, 136.163W and look slightly west of due north to generate a view
 similar to the views above.)

   USGS scientist Bruce Molnia: “more than 99 percent of America’s thousands of large glaciers have long
 documented records of an overall shrinkage as climate warms” http://www.usgs.gov/newsroom/article.asp?
 ID=2277




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   The twin photos above are from:
  http://www.engr.colostate.edu/~pierre/ce_old/Projects/linkfiles/KICT%20August%2009%20hand3.pdf

   They show what the Athabasca Glacier looked like back in 1917 vs. what was left of it in 2005. The glacier
 on the right side of the photos is the Dome Glacier. Both glaciers have shrunk noticeably in the time interval.

   The Athabasca Glacier is the most visited glacier in North America. It is just off the Icefields Parkway in
 Jasper National Park, Alberta, Canada. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Icefields_Parkway

    In the past 125 years, the Athabasca Glacier has lost half of its volume and receded more than 1.5
 kilometers (0.93 miles). The recession rate has accelerated since 1980.




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 The picture pairs above and below are courtesy of
 http://www.gletscherarchiv.de/en/fotovergleiche/gletscher_liste

 Do you recognize the impressive mountain in the background? Hint: It’s near Zermatt. Switzerland.

   The left picture is a copy of an old post card. The Furgg Glacier can be seen snaking around the front of the
 tall pyramidal mountain. Also, part of the glacier covers the lower slopes of the tall mountain.

   By 2003 there isn’t much left of the glacier. The very dark area below and slightly to the right of the
 mountain is the shadow from a 500-foot high cliff below a ridge. One hundred years ago, the glacier was thick
 enough to completely cover the ridge. If you have Google Earth on your computer, you can see trimlines and
 moraines that mark the former extent of the glacier. To find the area formerly covered by the Furgg Glacier,
 just look about 4 miles southwest of Zermatt Switzerland - or alternately, about 2 miles ENE of (and a “tad”
 down from) the summit of the Matterhorn.




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   The twin pictures above show two views of the Great Aletsch Glacier in the Swiss Alps. The Aletsch is the
 longest glacier in the Alps and may have the dubious distinction of being one of the last to disappear
 completely. There are multiple other “then and now” pictures of glaciers that can be seen at:
 http://www.gletscherarchiv.de/en/fotovergleiche/gletscher_liste




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 Not only are glaciers melting world-wide, the melting rate is accelerating.

 World Glacier Monitoring Service: “The average mass balance of the glaciers with available long-term
 observation series around the world continues to decrease, with tentative figures indicating a further thickness
 reduction of 0.5 metres water equivalent (m w.e.) during the hydrological year 2007/08.”
 http://www.geo.unizh.ch/wgms/mbb/sum08.html
 http://www.geo.unizh.ch/wgms/mbb/mbb11/preliminaryMB_2008_fig2.pdf

   Wikipedia has an extensive article documenting glacial retreat around the world including several “then and
 now” photographs. As documented in the article, glacial retreat has accelerated since 1990.
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Retreat_of_glaciers_since_1850

   A Google image search using << glacier “global warming” >> returns hundreds of thousands of
 photographs/images showing glacial shrinkage due to Global Warming.
 http://images.google.com/images?hl=en&rlz=1T4GGLD_enUS314US314&sa=1&q=glacier+%22global+warming%22&btnG=Search&aq=f&oq=&aqi=&start=0




            Can “Insignificant” Humans Alter the Earth’s Vast Atmosphere?
   Let’s do a little simple math. The surface area of the Earth is 197,000,000 square miles.
 http://www.britannica.com/ebi/article-199816
 The World’s population is 6,602,224,175 (July 2007 est.) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-
 factbook/geos/xx.html
 This yields 33.51+ people per square mile. (Includes oceans) Our surface area allotment per person is a square
 a little over 912 feet by 912 feet, and our per capita atmospheric allotment is the air above this square.

   If you left your car running in a 25 ft. x 25 ft. closed garage, it would take only a few minutes to get into
 trouble. It takes longer if your garage is 912 ft. x 912 ft. x 5 miles high, but again, the results are cumulative.
 (If you represent the earth’s atmosphere by a column of air with uniform density at standard temperature and
 pressure, the column would be slightly under 5 miles high. In reality, the atmosphere’s average temperature is
 slightly less than “standard temperature” which would produce a slight further reduction in this height.)




                                  Why the Pseudo-Documentary was produced
    There are many people in the world whose attitude is: “Don’t bother me with the facts - I’ve already made
 up my mind.” Typically, these people hold emotion-based opinions, and don’t want to learn that their opinions
 are no better than “urban legends”.

   Supermarket tabloids appeal to people that fall into the above category. These same people also blindly
 believe pseudo-documentaries such as “The Great Global Warming Swindle”. These people who have a “need
 to believe” aren’t interested in the facts. But they are quite willing to believe a fraudulent pseudo-
 documentary that supports “Don’t bother me with the facts - I’ve already made up my mind.” The “Martin
 Durkin”s of the world get paid to generate pseudo-documentaries to service this market.


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   The Producer of the Pseudo-Documentary (Martin Durkin) has a past record of turning out other “allegedly”
 biased pseudo-documentaries that appeal to the “Don’t bother me with the facts - I’ve already made up my
 mind.” audience. The following is a quote from Wikipedia
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_Durkin_(television_director)


           Martin Durkin is a television producer and director, most notably of television documentaries for
           Channel 4 in Britain. He has caused consistent controversy over the alleged bias found in many of his
           documentaries. He is understood to have once been closely involved with the Revolutionary Communist
           Party and its later offshoots Living Marxism and Spiked, a magazine and associated political network
           which promotes libertarian views, and is highly critical of environmentalism.



  Evidence that Martin Durkin has a past record of “sleazebag” productions
   It appears that this is not the only time that Martin Durkin has used “cut-and-paste”, “out of context” clips
 from legitimate scientists to misrepresent the original meaning. He has used this same tactic in some of his
 previous pseudo-documentaries. The following quote is from: http://www.gmwatch.org/profile1.asp?PrId=39
 (and there is a lot more at this web page)

           Two scientists critical of genetic engineering who were invited to contribute to the programme, Dr
           Arpad Pusztai and Dr Mae-Wan Ho, both subsequently complained that they were misled about the
           content and were not given a chance to reply to attacks on their positions (Pusztai's comments). Dr Ho
           said , 'I feel completely betrayed and misled. They did not tell me it was going to be an attack on my
           position.'



                               Past complicity by “Channel 4” (Channel Four)
   It appears that “Channel 4” is a co-conspirator with Martin Durkin regarding other previous pseudo-
 documentaries. The following is a quote from: http://www.gmwatch.org/profile1.asp?PrId=39

           Channel Four had to broadcast a prime-time apology after Against Nature drew the wrath of the
           Independent Television Commission which ruled, 'Comparison of the unedited and edited transcripts
           confirmed that the editing of the interviews with [the environmentalists who contributed] had indeed
           distorted or misrepresented their known views. It was also found that the production company had
           misled them... as to the format, subject matter and purpose of these programs.' (See CHANNEL 4
           SAVAGED BY TELEVISION WATCHDOG )




        “Durkin had intentionally sought out questionable sources and data”
   The above quote is an excerpt from a long post at
 http://reasic.wordpress.com/2007/03/14/channel-4-distances-itself-from-documentary/

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 that in turn quotes from the UK newpaper The Independent. The entire post illustrates the distortions that Mr.
 Durkin used to try to promote his own agenda. Single indentions sections are quotes from the Reasic article
 while double indentions are quotes from The Independent. The URL for the original article in The Independent
 is: http://news.independent.co.uk/environment/climate_change/article2355956.ece

           Channel 4 Distances Itself From Documentary March 14th, 2007
           UK newpaper The Independent has conducted an investigation into the claims made and data used in
           Martin Durkin’s latest documentary. As they reported today, they’ve found that the charts and data used
           in the film were not entirely accurate:

                    The Great Global Warming Swindle, was based on graphs that were distorted, mislabelled or just
                    plain wrong. The graphs were nevertheless used to attack the credibility and honesty of climate
                    scientists.

                    A graph central to the programme’s thesis, purporting to show variations in global temperatures
                    over the past century, claimed to show that global warming was not linked with industrial
                    emissions of carbon dioxide. Yet the graph was not what it seemed.

                    Other graphs used out-of-date information or data that was shown some years ago to be wrong.
                    Yet the programme makers claimed the graphs demonstrated that orthodox climate science was a
                    conspiratorial “lie” foisted on the public.

           After a little poking around, the reporter found that Durkin had intentionally sought out questionable
           sources and data, then misrepresented them as being from NASA:

                    The programme-makers labelled the source of the world temperature data as “Nasa” but when we
                    inquired about where we could find this information, we received an email through Wag TV’s PR
                    consultant saying that the graph was drawn from a 1998 diagram published in an obscure journal
                    called Medical Sentinel. The authors of the paper are well-known climate sceptics who were
                    funded by the Oregon Institute of Science and Medicine and the George C Marshall Institute, a
                    right-wing Washington think-tank.

                    However, there are no diagrams in the paper that accurately compare with the C4 graph. The
                    nearest comparison is a diagram of “terrestrial northern hemisphere” temperatures - which refers
                    only to data gathered by weather stations in the top one third of the globe.

                    However, further inquiries revealed that the C4 graph was based on a diagram in another paper
                    produced as part of a “petition project” by the same group of climate sceptics. This diagram was
                    itself based on long out-of-date information on terrestrial temperatures compiled by Nasa
                    scientists.

                    However, crucially, the axis along the bottom of the graph has been distorted in the C4 version of
                    the graph, which made it look like the information was up-to-date when in fact the data ended in
                    the early 1980s.

                    Mr Durkin admitted that his graphics team had extended the time axis along the bottom of the
                    graph to the year 2000. “There was a fluff there,” he said.

           When questioned about these discrepancies, Channel 4 distanced itself from the project:

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                    Channel 4 yesterday distanced itself from the programme, referring this newspaper’s inquiries to a
                    public relations consultant working on behalf of Wag TV, the production company behind the
                    documentary.

           Many have already pointed out the distortions in the film. It’s nice to see that this is reaching
           mainstream sources.




                     Martin Durkin’s “Scientific Reply” to Dr. Armand Leroi
   When Dr Armand Leroi from Imperial College London wrote to Martin Durkin to complain about the
 distorted science presented in the program, this was Martin Durkin’s “scientific” reply:

             -----Original Message----- From: Martin Durkin
                [mailto:mdurkin@wagtv.com] Sent: 09 March 2007 09:53 To: Armand
                 Leroi; lbolch@channel4.co.uk Cc: simonsingh@msn.com;
                ben@badscience.net Subject: RE: The Global Warming Swindle


                           You're a big daft cock


 Isn’t nice to know that “Channel 4”’s journalism standards include and defend:

                    “You’re a big daft cock”



                                                   And from The Times On Line
 http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/science/article1517515.ece

           Martin Durkin, the executive producer of The Great Global Warming Swindle, responded to the
           concerns of Dr Armand Leroi, from Imperial College, and Simon Singh, the respected scientific author,
           by telling them to “go and f*** yourself”. (Use a Google search for multiple links that omit the “***”)

           Mr Durkin replied nine minutes later: “The BBC is now a force for bigotry and intolerance . . .

           “Why have we not heard this in the hours and hours of shit programming on global warming shoved
           down our throats by the BBC?”

           “Never mind an irresponsible bit of film-making. Go and f*** yourself.”



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                                        Recommended links for further research

 The following organizations provide evidence that:
 1) Global Warming / Climate Change is real.
 2) Human activities are by far the largest causative agent.
 3) Global Warming / Climate Change is a continuing, ongoing phenomenon.

 NASA
 http://www.nasa.gov/worldbook/global_warming_worldbook.html
 http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Features/GlobalWarmingQandA/
 http://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp/graphs/Fig.A2.lrg.gif (The graph)

 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
 National Climatic Data Center
 http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/globalwarming.html

 World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
 http://www.wmo.ch/pages/about/wmo50/e/world/climate_pages/global_warming_e.html

 American Meteorological Society
 http://www.ametsoc.org/policy/2007climatechange.html

 National Center for Atmospheric Research
 “How do we know Earth is warming now?”
 http://www.ncar.ucar.edu/research/climate/now.php

 Earth System Research Laboratory - Global Monitoring Division
 “Climate Forcing”
 http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/about/climate.html

 University Corporation for Atmospheric Research
 http://www.ucar.edu/research/climate/warming.jsp

 Jet Propulsion Laboratory - California Institute of Technology
 “Global Climate Change” “How do we know?”
 http://climate.jpl.nasa.gov/evidence/

 American Geophysical Union (world's largest scientific society of Earth and space scientists)
 “Human Impacts on Climate”
 http://www.agu.org/sci_soc/policy/climate_change_position.html

 American Association for the Advancement of Science
 “The scientific evidence is clear: global climate change caused by human activities is occurring now”
 http://www.aaas.org/news/press_room/climate_change/mtg_200702/aaas_climate_statement.pdf
 http://www.aaas.org/news/press_room/climate_change/


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 National Science Foundation
 “Global Warming Greatest in Past Decade”
 http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=112206

 U. S. Geological Survey
 “Glacier and Landscape Change in Response to Changing Climate”
 http://www.usgs.gov/global_change/glaciers/default.asp
 Time lapse video: “Glacier Erasure: South Cascade Glacier in a Changing Climate”
 http://wa.water.usgs.gov/projects/glacier/video.html

 National Snow and Ice Data Center - Global Glacier Recession
 “We live in a time of increasing greenhouse gas concentrations with an attendant warming of the climate.”
 http://nsidc.org/glims/glaciermelt/

 United Nations Environment Programme/World Glacier Monitoring Service
 “Global Glacier Changes: facts and figures”
 “There is mounting evidence that climate change is triggering a shrinking and thinning of many glaciers
 world-wide”
 http://www.grid.unep.ch/glaciers/ (Introduction and links to a 26 MB WGMS report)

 The United States Energy Information Administration
 “Greenhouse Gases, Climate Change, and Energy”
 http://www.eia.doe.gov/bookshelf/brochures/greenhouse/Chapter1.htm

 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
 “Report: Human activity fuels global warming”
 http://web.mit.edu/newsoffice/2007/climate.html

 California Institute of Technology
 “How We Know Global Warming is Real”
 “The science behind human-induced climate change”
 http://www.gps.caltech.edu/~tapio/papers/skeptic_2008.pdf

 Atmospheric Sciences - University of Illinois - Champaign
 “Evidence continues to mount that human activities are altering the Earth’s climate on a global scale.”
 http://www.atmos.uiuc.edu/research/01climate.html

 Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
 “Global Warming”
 http://www.whoi.edu/page.do?pid=12457

 The UK’s Met Office Hadley Centre
 “Climate change - the big picture”
 http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/corporate/pressoffice/myths/index.html
 http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/climatechange/guide/

 The UK’s Royal Society
 “Climate change controversies: a simple guide”
 http://royalsociety.org/page.asp?id=6229


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 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (Based in Switzerland)
 “Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report”
 http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar4/syr/ar4_syr_spm.pdf

 Japan Meteorological Agency
 “Global Warming Projection Vol.7”
 http://ds.data.jma.go.jp/tcc/tcc/products/gwp/gwp7/index-e.html

 The Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society
 “Our climate has changed substantially.” “Global climate change and global warming are real and observable.”
 http://www.amos.org.au/publications/cid/3/t/publications

 Royal Society of New Zealand
 “The globe is warming because of increasing greenhouse gas emissions.”
 http://www.royalsociety.org.nz/Site/news/media_releases/2008/clim0708.aspx

 National Geographic Magazine
 http://environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/global-warming/

 Scientific American Magazine
 http://www.sciam.com/topic.cfm?id=global-warming-and-climate-change

 Wikipedia
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_warming
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Climate_change
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greenhouse_effect
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greenhouse_gas




                        The Real Data as Researched by Legitimate Scientists

 INTERGOVERNMENTAL PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE
 Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis
 http://www.ipcc.ch/SPM2feb07.pdf

   The charts to the right show the real forcing effect resulting
 from Carbon Dioxide and Methane as shown in the above IPCC
 report. The unit of measure is Watts per Sq. Meter. One watt is
 about the strength of a small Christmas tree light. It takes
 decades for ocean water several miles deep to warm up at this
 rate, but the rate is cumulative, and this same lag means that
 forcing over the last few decades will be contributing to future
 warming for decades into the future.


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           “Global atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide,
           methane and nitrous oxide have increased markedly as a
           result of human activities since 1750 and now far exceed
           pre-industrial values determined from ice cores spanning
           many thousands of years (see Figure SPM-1). The global
           increases in carbon dioxide concentration are due
           primarily to fossil fuel use and land-use change, while
           those of methane and nitrous oxide are primarily due to
           agriculture.

           The primary source of the increased atmospheric
           concentration of carbon dioxide since the pre-industrial
           period results from fossil fuel use, with land use change
           providing another significant but smaller contribution.

           Warming of the climate system is unequivocal, as is now evident from observations of increases in
           global average air and ocean temperatures, widespread melting of snow and ice, and rising global
           average sea level.”




   The chart to the right (from
 the same report) shows the
 relative magnitude of the
 components involved in global
 warming. Carbon dioxide is of
 course dominant. Sulfur dioxide
 and condensation nuclei (haze,
 smoke, etc.) cause increased
 cloudiness that partially offsets
 forcing due to greenhouse
 gases. There has been a minor
 contribution from increased
 solar radiation, but this is less
 than 10% of the man-made
 components.




 For further research about the real data, please see:

 NOAA’s Earth System Research Laboratory - Global Monitoring Division
 http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ (Includes up to date Mauna Loa CO2 readings)
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 NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies - Forcings in GISS Model
 http://data.giss.nasa.gov/modelforce/
 Illustrates “Changes in climate "forcings" or factors that have contributed to climate change since 1750.”

 National Climate Data Center at NOAA.
 http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/globalwarming/index.html

 University Corporation for Atmospheric Research UCAR/NCAR
 http://www.ucar.edu/research/climate/warming.jsp




                    “Legitimate Scientists are the Bad Guys” - Martin Durkin
 And what does Martin Durkin have to say about real scientists?
 The following quote is from “Life Style Extra, UK News, 'Global Warming Is Lies' Claims Documentary”
 http://www.lse.co.uk/ShowStory.asp?
 story=CZ434669U&news_headline=global_warming_is_lies_claims_documentary

           Controversial director Martin Durkin said: "You can see the problems with the science of global
           warming, but people just don't believe you - it's taken 10 years to get this commissioned.

           "I think it will go down in history as the first chapter in a new era of the relationship between scientists
           and society. Legitimate                     scientists - people with qualifications - are the bad
           guys.
   Is Martin Durkin trying to get us to believe that only movie directors understand science, and legitimate
 scientists don’t? Is Martin Durkin actually telling us that the real reason he made the movie was to promote his
 personal war against legitimate scientists? (And collect a few bucks from the “Don’t bother me with the facts -
 I’ve already made up my mind.” audience.)

 Note: Run a Google search using the above phrase for other sources to confirm that this is what Martin Durkin
 actually said.




                    A link to this web page by MIT’s Professor Carl Wunsch
                                (The aforementioned scientist who was “swindled” by Martin Durkin)

 1) Go to: http://ocean.mit.edu/~cwunsch/CHANNEL4.html
 2) Click on: “Discussion of some of the science and other distortion in the "Swindle" (Bill Butler)”



                    A link from the Australian Broadcasting Corporation’s “The Science Show”

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 1) Go to: http://www.abc.net.au/rn/scienceshow/stories/2007/1966036.htm
 2) Click on: “Durango Bill's Debunking the Deniers of Global Warming”
 (Listed under “Further Information”)


                           A link from “The Dilbert Blog” that generated over 10,000 page hits

 http://dilbertblog.typepad.com/the_dilbert_blog/2007/05/global_warming_.html
 (Just before the Comments section)

           [Update: It took about ten minutes for reader Chris Graham to post this link debunking the video "The
           Great Global Warming Swindle.": http://www.durangobill.com/Swindle_Swindle.html. Obviously I am
           unqualified to judge either the video or the debunking to it, but the last thing I read always seems the
           most persuasive.]




                                                              Complaint to Ofcom
 The following is a copy of an online complaint that the author has filed with the UK’s Office of
 Communications (Ofcom) http://www.ofcom.org.uk/complain/

           From: (Address & Tel. omitted for this posting)

           To: Complaints at the UK’s Office of Communications (Ofcom) http://www.ofcom.org.uk/complain/

           Dear Sirs:

             While I am not a citizen of the United Kingdom and did not see the original “Channel 4” broadcast of
           “The Great Global Warming Swindle”, the program has been widely posted on the Internet via
           YouTube.com (where I first saw it), Google Videos, and subsequently via several dozen “pirate”
           postings.

             I understand that there have been multiple formal complaints filed in regard to the broadcast. I am not
           familiar with the specific UK broadcasting regulations that have been violated, but I would like to file a
           complaint that the claimed data and observational assertions made in the program are in fact false and
           fictitious. In any scientific investigation you are allowed to “interpret” real data/observations, but if you
           falsify the source data you are willfully misleading other people into potentially believing these falsified
           observations. In turn erroneous governmental/industry policy decisions may be based on this false data,
           and public acceptance of these false observations may lead to decisions that are misguided and wasteful
           of taxpayer funds.

            I have outlined some of my observations on the misleading/fraudulent data regarding the “pseudo-
           documentary” at a web page titled: “The Great Global Warming Swindle” is itself a Fraud and a

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           Swindle http://www.durangobill.com/Swindle_Swindle.html

             In an effort to try to stop the worldwide dissemination (via television in other countries, the Internet,
           DVD sales, etc.) of what I regard as fraudulent/dishonest material, I ask that you force Channel 4 (and
           any other directly supervised parties) to publicly apologize for presenting the program and force them to
           state that the presentation was not based on factual data.

           Sincerely,

           Bill Butler



      Correspondence with the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC)
   A representative of the ABC contacted me (by E-mail) before their July 12, 2007 scheduled broadcast of
 “The Swindle”. All information/inquiries from them will remain confidential as per their request, but the
 following is part of my July 7, 2007 reply.

                                                                     “My opinion.

           The Australian Broadcasting Corporation is doing a major disservice by broadcasting the film. You are
           fanning the flames of emotionalism in pursuit of ratings. There are major questions that should be
           addressed by policy makers throughout the world. These would include:

           Can anything meaningful be done to mitigate "Global Warming" (Climate Change)?
           If something meaningful can be done, what will it cost? (And you better have a firm grip on something
           when you address this problem.)

           The one sure guarantee regarding the presentation of the movie is that policy makers will not be able to
           make rational decisions. Anything that they might do will instead be based on emotional opinions of the
           voters who have elected them. I fear the eventual outcome will be that a great deal of money will be
           wasted on "pseudo-solutions" that will accomplish - nothing.


           Sincerely,

           Bill Butler”



    Why did the Australian Broadcasting Corporation show “The Swindle”?
   In any “Ace” detective story, if you want to find “the culprit”, rule Number One is to either 1) “Follow the
 money” or 2) “Follow the politics”. In this case rule number 2) seems applicable as it seems the United States
 is not the only country in the world where “high ranking government officials” declare themselves to be
 disciples whose mission is to redefine science.


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   There have been multiple stories in the Australian press that the ABC’s Board of Directors forced the movie
 to be shown despite the advice of the ABC’s science expert, Robyn Williams. In turn, the ABC’s Board of
 Directors is appointed by the Governor-General. The information shown below about four (a majority) of the
 board’s seven directors can be found at http://www.answers.com/topic/australian-broadcasting-corporation
 (unless otherwise indicated), and provides some insight as to the politics involved in the board’s decision to
 show the film.

 Maurice Newman (ABC chairperson): “Maurice Newman is the current Chairperson of the Australian
 Broadcasting Corporation, as well as chair of the board of the Australian Stock Exchange. He is a close
 personal friend of Australian Prime Minister John Howard.”

 Janet Albrechtsen: “Albrechtsen's political views are strongly conservative, and she has supported the
 Howard government, the foreign policies of the Bush administration, the war on terror and the invasion of
 Iraq.”

 Ron Brunton: “Brunton's appointment to the ABC Board by the Australian Government of John Howard
 created controversy given his ideological partisanship.[1] However, it continues that government's attempt to
 move the ABC culture to a political position more amenable to its own.”

 Keith Windschuttle: (From “Australian Broadcasting Corporation adopts new “bias” rules”
 http://www.wsws.org/articles/2006/nov2006/abc-n04.shtml ) “Prominent in the audience was ABC board
 member Janet Albrechtsen, a right-wing Murdoch columnist who reportedly initiated the policy shift. “An
 awful lot of work has gone into drawing up these guidelines,” she proudly told reporters. Another extreme
 right-wing Howard appointee to the board, Keith Windschuttle, also praised the guidelines.”



             The “Quality” and “Reliability” of Martin Durkin’s “Research”
   As noted earlier, Martin Durkin keeps changing the content of the movie as one after another of his
 misrepresentations are revealed. The picture below (from
 http://www.abc.net.au/science/features/globalwarmingswindle/) shows a new graph that was added to the July
 12, 2007 Australian version of Martin Durkin’s pseudo-documentary.

   See if you can find any problems
 with the “quality” and “reliability”
 of Martin Durkin’s “research”.

 Hint 1) The attack on Pearl Harbor
 was December 7, 1941. (All dates
 are local time)

 Hint 2) Germany surrendered on
 May 7, 1945.

 Hint 3) Japan formally surrendered
 on September 2, 1945.

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 Hint 4) The earliest that the
 “Post War Economic
 Boom” could begin would have to be sometime after September 2, 1945.
 Hint 5) When did the “Post                       War Economic Boom” begin according to Martin Durkin’s
 “Research”?

 And this is from someone who claims: “Martin Durkin studied ancient and medieval history at University
 College London” http://www.greatglobalwarmingswindle.co.uk/martin_durkin.html
 Question: Why is there no reference to a degree?

   As for the “ACIA” source cited in the graph, the real “Arctic Climate Impact Assessment” includes a 140-
 page report titled Impacts of a Warming Arctic and a much larger 1020-page, “Scientific Report” Arctic
 Climate Impact Assessment book. Both have conclusions that are radically different than Martin Durkin’s
 assertions. For example, from page 4 of ACIA’s Policy Document:
 “1. The Arctic climate is now warming rapidly and much larger changes are projected.”
 http://www.acia.uaf.edu


  The picture to the right is from page 35 in ACIA’s “Arctic
 Climate: Past and Present” report at:
 http://www.acia.uaf.edu/PDFs/ACIA_Science_Chapters_Final/ACIA_Ch02_Final.pdf
 It appears to be the source for Durkin’s graph. Once again
 take a close look at the right hand portion of the graphs where
 Durkin has omitted the warmest year on record (original
 source uses data through 2003) as well as the steep rise in the
 smoothed curve.

 (And a “thank you” goes to Wolfgang Wieser for finding this
 source.)




 Stay tuned for future misrepresentations by Martin Durkin. . .




 Also please see:
           Global Warming Denial Liars
           http://www.durangobill.com/GwdLiars/GwdLiarsIndex.html

           The “Oregon Institute of Science and Medicine”

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           (It’s actually a farm in very rural Oregon)
           http://www.durangobill.com/GwdLiars/OregonInstituteOfScienceAndMedicine.html

           Roger Cohen’s proposed $5,000 bet
           A (retired) Exxon Mobil executive’s attempt to use money to promote his personal agenda.
           http://www.durangobill.com/RogerCohen.html




 Note: The author (Bill Butler) of this web page is a magna cum laude, Computer Science graduate of Brown
 University. A brief bio can be found at message # 8 http://groups.yahoo.com/group/CSAtrium/
 (CSAtrium is a Yahoo group for the “alums of Brown University’s Computer Science Department and
 Computer Engineering graduates”.)


 Return to Durango Bill’s home page


 Web page generated via KompoZer




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DOCUMENT INFO