Translate your thesis into publication by sayem707


									          Translate your thesis into publication
             Technical writing to journals ,conferences, lecture note and book chapter

                      1. Write a suitable title for the work so that it reflects your work right from the
Part 1:                  beginning.
                      2. Name of the Authors (1st Author, 2nd Author…first author receives the major
                         appreciation and then hierarchy is maintained )

                      3. Name of the Associated Organizations of the Authors.

Part 2:               1. Abstract:     An abstract is a short summary of your completed
Introductory             research/studies. The summary should be two hundred words or less. It
                         highlights the major point of the piece and outlines the significant detail.
part                     Abstracts have always served the function of "selling" your work. But now,
                         instead of merely convincing the reader to keep reading the rest of the
                         attached paper, an abstract must convince the reader to leave the comfort of
                         an office and go hunt down a copy of the article from a library (or worse,
                         obtain one after a long wait through inter-library loan).

                  Summarize the study, including the following elements in any abstract. Try to keep
                  the first two items to no more than one sentence each.

                      •    Purpose of the study - hypothesis, overall question, objective
                      •    Model organism or system and brief description of the experiment
                      •    Results, including specific data - if the results are quantitative in nature,
                           report quantitative data; results of any statistical analysis should be reported
                      •    Important conclusions or questions that follow from the experiment(s)


                      •    Single paragraph, and concise
                      •    As a summary of work done, it is always written in past tense
                      •    An abstract should stand on its own, and not refer to any other part of the
                           paper such as a figure or table
                      •    Focus on summarizing results - limit background information to a sentence or
                           two, if absolutely necessary
                      •    What you report in an abstract must be consistent with what you reported in
                           the paper
                      •    Correct spelling, clarity of sentences and phrases, and proper reporting of
                           quantities (proper units, significant figures) are just as important in an
                           abstract as they are anywhere else
              2. Introduction: An Introduction basically reflects the background of your work.
                 It describes about the topic’s importance in the respect of current scenario.
                 The purpose of an introduction in a paper is to justify the reasons for writing
                 about your topic. Your goal in this section is to introduce the topic to the
                 reader, provide an overview of previous research on the topic, and identify
                 your own hypothesis.

              •    Describe the importance (significance) of the study - why was this worth
                   doing in the first place? Provide a broad context.
              •    Defend the model - why did you use this particular organism or system? What
                   are its advantages? You might comment on its suitability from a theoretical
                   point of view as well as indicate practical reasons for using it.
              •    Provide a rationale. State your specific hypothesis(es) or objective(s), and
                   describe the reasoning that led you to select them.
              •     Very briefly describe the experimental design and how it accomplished the
                   stated objectives.


              •    Use past tense except when referring to established facts. After all, the paper
                   will be submitted after all of the work is completed.
              •    Organize your ideas, making one major point with each paragraph. If you
                   make the four points listed above, you will need a minimum of four
              •    Present background information only as needed in order support a position.
                   The reader does not want to read everything you know about a subject.
              •    State the hypothesis/objective precisely - do not oversimplify.
              •    As always, pay attention to spelling, clarity and appropriateness of sentences
                   and phrases.

Part 3:   Write about your topic-here you can make as many paragraph as you want. It will
Body      solely depend upon your topic; If you have software and hardware portions in the
          work then separate them in the writing.
Part 4:        The result is the overall achievement of your work and it will signify the work with
Results        comparison to others. IMPORTANT: You must clearly distinguish material that would
               normally be included in a research article from any raw data or other appendix
               material that would not be published. In fact, such material should not be submitted
               at all unless requested by the instructor.


                   •   Summarize your findings in text and illustrate them, if appropriate, with
                       figures and tables.
                   •   In text, describe each of your results, pointing the reader to observations that
                       are most relevant.
                   •   Provide a context, such as by describing the question that was addressed by
                       making a particular observation.
                   •   Describe results of control experiments and include observations that are not
                       presented in a formal figure or table, if appropriate.
                   •   Analyze your data, then prepare the analyzed (converted) data in the form of
                       a figure (graph), table, or in text form.

               What to avoid

                   •   Do not discuss or interpret your results, report background information, or
                       attempt to explain anything.
                   •   Never include raw data or intermediate calculations in a research paper.
                   •   Do not present the same data more than once.
                   •   Text should complement any figures or tables, not repeat the same
                   •   Please do not confuse figures with tables - there is a difference.


                   •   As always, use past tense when you refer to your results, and put everything
                       in a logical order.
                   •   In text, refer to each figure as "figure 1," "figure 2," etc. ; number your tables
                       as well (see the reference text for details)
                   •   Place figures and tables, properly numbered, in order at the end of the report
                       (clearly distinguish them from any other material such as raw data, standard
                       curves, etc.)
                   •   If you prefer, you may place your figures and tables appropriately within the
                        text of your results section.

                   1. Conclusion:
Part 5:                  a. Explain why your study is important to the reader. This can be the
Wrapping up:                 most difficult part of formulating your conclusion. You must instill in
                             the reader a sense of relevance. This can work whether or not you
                             proved your hypothesis. Link your conclusion to human need on
                             some level.
                        b. Detail the implications of your study in the world of science. Cite
                           existing scientific studies that helped your choose your tests and
                           explain how your study will impact future scientific studies. After
                           acceptance and publication, future doctoral students will use your
                           dissertation as a reference point in their own research.

                        c. Strive for accuracy and originality in your conclusion. If your
                           hypothesis is similar to previous papers, you must establish why your
                           study and your results are original. In addition, check and double-
                           check your figures and data because the dissertation committee will.
                           Accuracy is imperative

                        d. Conclude with how your testing supports or disproves your
                           hypothesis. By the time you reach the end of your conclusion, there
                           should be no question in the reader's mind as to the veracity of your

                2. References: Throughout the body of your paper (primarily the Intro and
                   Discussion), whenever you refer to outside sources of information, you must
                   cite the sources from which you drew information. The simplest way to do
                   this is to parenthetically give the author's last name and the year of
                   publication, e.g., (Clarke 2001). When citing information from another's
                   publication, be sure to report the relevant aspects of the work clearly and
                   succinctly, IN YOUR OWN WORDS. Provide a reference to the work as soon as
                   possible after giving the information.


General         1. Always follow the general instruction of the respective journal before
Instructions:      formatting the paper-it’s essential; the structure and allocated page number
                   for the publication vary from journal/conference to journal/conference.

                2. The step towards clarity is to write simply and directly. A journal article tells a
                   straightforward tale of a circumscribed problem in search of a solution. It is
                   not a novel with subplots, flashbacks, and literary allusions, but a short story
                   with a single linear narrative line. Let this line stand out in bold relief. Don’t
                   make your voice struggle to be heard above the ambient noise of cluttered
                   writing. You are justifiably proud of your 90th percentile verbal aptitude, but
                   let it nourish your prose, not glut it. Write simply and directly. The primary
                   criteria for good scientific writing are accuracy and clarity. If your article is
                   interesting and written with style, fine. But these are subsidiary virtues. First
    strive for accuracy and clarity.

3. In 99.99% of the cases, the information you want from a research article is an
   objective result or interpretation. How the author stated this information,
   i.e., their prose, is of little importance compared to the results or
   interpretations themselves. Take the information and put it into your own
   words; avoid paraphrasing since this can potentially lead to plagiarism.

4. Rewriting and Polishing Your Article: For many authors revising an article is
   unmitigated agony. Even proofreading is painful. And so they don’t. So
   relieved to get a draft done, they send it off to the journal thinking that they
   can clean up the writing after it has been accepted. Alas that day rarely
   comes. Some may find solace in the belief that the manuscript probably
   would have been rejected even if it had been extensively revised and
   polished; after all, most of journals accept only 15 to 20% of all manuscripts
   submitted. But from my experience as an editor, I believe that the difference
   between the manuscripts accepted and the top 15to 20% of those rejected is
   frequently the difference between good and less good writing. Moral: Do not
   expect journal reviewers to discern your brilliance through the smog of
   polluted writing. Revise your manuscript. Polish it. Proofread it. Then If your
   colleagues find something unclear, do not argue with them. They are right: By
   definition, the writing is unclear. Their suggestions for correcting the
   unclarities may be wrong, even dumb. But as unclarity detectors, readers are
   never wrong. Also resist the temptation simply to clarify their confusion
   verbally. Your colleagues do not want to offend you or appear stupid, and so
   they will simply mumble “oh yes, of course, of course” and apologize for not
   having read carefully enough. As a consequence, you will be pacified, and
   your next readers, the journal reviewers, will stumble over the same problem.
   They will not apologize; they will reject.

5. Figures and Tables: Unless a set of findings can be stated in one or two
   numbers, results that are sufficiently important to be stressed should be
   accompanied by a figure or table summarizing the relevant data. The basic
   rule of presentation is that a reader be able to grasp your major findings
   either by reading the text or by looking at the figures and tables. Thus, figures
   and tables must be titled and labeled clearly and completely, even if that
   means constructing a lengthy title or heading (“Mean number of tears
   produced by two affective films as a function of affect valence, participant
   sex, parental observation, and self-esteem”). Within the text itself, lead the
   reader by the hand through a table to point out the results of interest: “As
   shown in the first column of Table 2, men produce more tears (2.33 cc) than
   women (1.89 cc).... Of particular interest is the number of tears produced
   when both father and mother watch (rows 3 and 4)...” Do not just wave in the
   general direction of the table and expect the reader to ferret out the

•   Either place figures and tables within the text of the result, or include them in
    the back of the report (following Literature Cited) - do one or the other
•   If you place figures and tables at the end of the report, make sure they are
                        clearly distinguished from any attached appendix materials, such as raw data
                    •   Regardless of placement, each figure must be numbered consecutively and
                        complete with caption (caption goes under the figure)
                    •   Regardless of placement, each table must be titled, numbered consecutively
                        and complete with heading (title with description goes above the table)
                    •   Each figure and table must be sufficiently complete that it could stand on its
                        own, separate from text

Evaluation of   Journal Impact Factors: Journal Impact Factor is from Journal Citation Report (JCR), a
the Journal:    product of Thomson ISI (Institute for Scientific Information). JCR provides quantitative
                tools for evaluating journals. The impact factor is one of these; it is a measure of the
                frequency with which the "average article" in a journal has been cited in a given
                period of time.

                The impact factor for a journal is calculated based on a three-year period, and can be
                considered to be the average number of times published papers are cited up to two
                years after publication. For example, the impact factor 2010 for a journal would be
                calculated as follows:

                A = the number of times articles published in 2008-9 were cited in indexed journals
                during 2010

                B = the number of articles, reviews, proceedings or notes published in 2008-2009

                impact factor 2010 = A/B

                (note that the impact factor 2009 will be actually published in 2010, because it could
                not be calculated until all of the 2009 publications had been received. Impact factor
                2010 will be published in 2011)

                Impact factor of Nature, Science and Cell journals can be found on their journal





                                                                    Prepared by Md. Junayed Sarker
                                                    Source-Majority of the script taken from internet

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