Automobile - November 2010

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					Gunning past Granny

SR 92 east before Skyline

April 22nd, 8:21:07 am

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       NOVEMBER 2010

                                                                                                    Automobile                                           features

                 Maturity has its benefits.

                    2012 FORD MUSTANG BOSS 302
                                        By Joe Lorio
                  Ford resurrects its iconic Boss nameplate in two flavors:
                         a street car and a limited-edition track star.
                           55                                                                                                 DECISIONS, DECISIONS, DECISIONS
             THE TEN GREATEST FORD MUSTANGS                                                                                           By Eric Tingwall and David Zenlea
                After nearly forty-seven years of nonstop production, the                                                 While traveling the road of life, you don’t have to compromise a
            Mustang has seen many highs—and a few lows. Here’s our list                                                   desire for performance against the demands of practicality. We
             of the top ten Mustangs of all time, plus the greatest Mustang                                                  gather three pairs of cars that will help you move up the
                        moments in Hollywood and racing history.                                                          automotive ladder in price and, more important, performance.

                                            66                                                                                                              88
                                       HYUNDAI EQUUS                                                                                                   RARE BREEDS
                                   By Jamie Kitman                                                                                                By Don Sherman
              Ready or not, the new Equus marks Hyundai’s inexorable rise                                                      We drive four sports cars you’ve never heard of in Britain,
                              to the luxury sedan segment.                                                                            where obscure car manufacturers abound.

AUTOMOBILE (ISSN 0894-3583) (USPS 000-934) (GST 135274306) Vol 25 #8 is published monthly by Source Interlink Media, LLC., 261 Madison Avenue, Fifth Floor, New York, New York 10016. Periodicals postage is paid at New York, New
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4   Automobile | November 2010                                                                                                                                            COVER PHOTOGRAPHY BY TIM ANDREW
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                                                                THINK ABOUT IT.
If your day had its own highlight reel, would your commute be on it? With the Sonata 2.0T
        it might. In fact, those few seconds when its 274-hp, 34-MPG turbo engine kicks
    in just might make your top ve. Find out more at
                                                    THE NEW SONATA TURBO
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      NOVEMBER 2010

                                             Automobile                      departments


                                             ignition                                        Automobile
                                              12   NEWS                                                   MAG.COM
                                                   BMW’s M100 concept turned                           >>visit us online
                                                   supercar; tiny electric-car upstarts;
                                                   a conversation with the founder of
                                         ; acrostic poems
                                                   for automakers—and ourselves.
                                              22   BY DESIGN
                                                   By Robert Cumberford
                                                   The original pony car—the 1964½
    17                                             Ford Mustang—was the right car
                                                   for the right time.
                                              24   NOISE, VIBRATION &
                                                   By Jamie Kitman                               Mobile APP
                                                   Celebrating the life of master mechanic   Stay up to date with your
                                                   Domenico Spadaro.                         favorite car magazine on both
                                                                                             iPhone and Android smart
                                              26   DYER CONSEQUENCES                         phones for FREE!
                                                   By Ezra Dyer
                                                   With fatherhood comes big changes,
                                                   including an appreciation for big cars.
                                              28   LETTERS
                                                   Fodder for memories, Hyundai’s big
    32                                             whoop, and the Jerkmobile Special.

                                              32   FORD EDGE AND
                                                   LINCOLN MKX
                                                   Is it more than just sheetmetal that
                                                   differentiates these two crossovers?          RUMORS
                                                                                             Rumor Central is the place
                                              43   HONDA ODYSSEY                             you’ll find the latest news
                                                   Still the one.                            on the industry. Want to tell
                                              48   SCION tC                                  Automobile Magazine editors
                                                   Strong enough for a man, but made         how you feel about a particular
                                                   for a young woman.                        story? We welcome your

                                              96   FOUR SEASONS WRAP
                                                   Despite a few annoyances,
                                                   the 2010 Mazda 3 left us grinning.
                                             106   FOUR SEASONS
    111                                            We take the road less traveled to test
                                                   the off-road skills of our Four Seasons
                                                   crossovers—Acura ZDX, Audi Q5,
                                                   and Subaru Outback—and explain the
                                                   four-wheel-drive systems of each.
                                             111 COLLECTIBLE CLASSIC
                                                   The 1990–91 Audi 90 Quattro 20V
                                                   has room for five. Cylinders, that is.       EDITORS’
                                             114 AUCTIONS                                    NOTEBOOK
    116                                                                                      The Automobile Magazine test
                                                   Highlights from the heady mix of
                                                   buyers, vintage cars, and money at the    fleet is always changing, and
                                                   five auctions that took place during       we can’t possibly cram all of
                                                   one eventful weekend in August on         our driving impressions into
                                                   California’s Monterey Peninsula.          the monthly print magazine.
                                                                                             Read web-exclusive reviews
                                             122 VILE GOSSIP                                 on dozens of new cars in our
                                                   By Jean Jennings                          Editors’ Notebook section at
                                                   The automotive weekend of the year.

8   Automobile | November 2010
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1860                       1916                        1969                2010

1860   Edouard Heuer founded his workshop in the Swiss Jura.
1916   First mechanical stopwatch accurate to 1/100th of a second.
1969   First automatic chronograph.
2010   TAG Heuer GRAND CARRERA Calibre 17 RS.                                1.866.675.2080

0- G ? F K F > I 8 G ? J
), G ? F K F > I 8 G ? < I J
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? 8 J  J < E K  K ? <  M < I P  9 < J K  G ? F K F > I 8 G ? < I J  K F
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; I @ M @ E >  < O G < I @ < E : < %  N < Ë M <  J @ = K < ;  K ? I F L > ?
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J < C < : K < ;  K ? <  M < I P  9 < J K  @ D 8 > < J  K F  G I < J < E K 


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             Editorial                                                                                 The Suits
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                                                                            the deep dive


            MW’S STRIKING VISION                  luggage, the top-hinged rear window lifts
              E cientDynamics concept is          up. A second cargo receptacle can be
              headed for production in late       found in the nose of the vehicle.
              2012 or early 2013 as a 450-hp,         Like other Project i variants, the sports
             twin-turbocharged halo for the       car consists of a carbon-fiber passenger
           company’s new environmental            compartment fixed to an aluminum
        initiative. Theoretically at least, the   chassis. While the M100 will be rear-
 production car, which may be badged              wheel drive only, the i100 will feature an
 M100 (shown here as an artist’s                  electric motor at each wheel, in addition

                                                                                                  BMW & MERCEDES-BENZ ILLUSTRATIONS BY AUTOBILD/LARSON
 interpretation based on spy photos), has         to a smaller gas engine. What that engine
 what it takes to eclipse its most serious        will be is still up in the air. The engineers
 rivals. Extensive computer simulation            seem to favor a new 1.5-liter turbocharged
 suggests that it will outpace the                three-cylinder, but top management,
 Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG, the Audi R8               fearful that sports car buyers will shy
 5.2, and the Porsche 911 Turbo. Power will       away from such a small powerplant, may
 likely come from the twin-turbo in-line          still tip the scales in favor of a turbo
 six that’s being cooked up for the next M3       four-cylinder.
 and will be transmitted to the rear wheels           Altogether, the i100 should put out
 via a dual-clutch automatic transmission.        nearly 300 hp and 300 lb-ft of torque.
     How can such a car be considered at          Lithium-ion batteries to power the
 all environmentally sensitive? Well, it will     electric motors will be tucked away in the
 be available in slightly tamer, greener          center backbone and near the firewall.
 form, tentatively dubbed the i100                The plug-in hybrid version of the i100 is
 ActiveHybrid. More important, though,            said to o er a zero-emissions driving
 the new sports car scores green points by        range of ten to thirty miles, depending
 sharing its platform and composition with        on conditions.
 Project i, BMW’s ambitious range of                  The M100 ditches the batteries and

The fastest, most expensive
 minicars. In fact, the i100 and the                       front motors but will still get an
 M100 are a big reason why                                 electric boost via supercapacitors.
 Project i needed to have a                                The supercapacitors, which are
 rear-mounted engine and                                   smaller and lighter than batteries,
 rear-wheel drive. By moving the                           can store surplus energy from
 engine as close as possible to the                        regenerative braking and then
 rear wheels, BMW’s packaging                              send it to the rear wheels to
 wizards created something most             by GEORG support full-throttle takeo and
 sports cars cannot o er: two                KACHER passing maneuvers.
 usable, if not quite commodious,                              The M100 should be the
 rear seats. Access to the second row           fastest M car ever. In all likelihood, it will
 shouldn’t be a major issue, as the             also be the most expensive. Prices are
 production car will feature the gull-wing      expected to start at about $225,000, with
 doors from the 2009 Frankfurt show             the i100 coming in at a more reasonable,
 concept car. To stow a limited quantity of     but still very dear, $125,000 or so. AM

12   Automobile | November 2010

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                                                VOICE FROM THE INSIDE:
                                                “We believe it makes sense to forge a link
                                                between our superfrugal city car and our
                                                high-performance sports car. By doing so,
                                                we define a terrain that offers plenty of
                                                opportunities for future in-between offerings.”

M vehicle ever.
 Find more of Georg Kacher’s insider news and
 web-exclusive Deep Dives at

                                                                              BMW’s internal name for the M100
                                                                              project. It was originally referred to
                                                                              as “444,” until someone pointed out
 Volkswagen schemes          Mercedes-Benz readies   BMW plans a front-       that in the Nazi era this stood for
 to buy Alfa Romeo and       its next S-class and    wheel-drive 1-series,    “Germany to the Germans!” The new
 return the Italian marque   revives Maybach with    based closely on the     code name shouldn’t offend anyone,
 to its sporty roots.        five new V-12-powered    next-generation          but it might confuse Oldsmobile
                             models.                 Mini Cooper, for 2013.   owners and soccer fans.

                                                                                November 2010 |      13
ignition                                            start-up invasion

                        Electric                                           FISKER AND TESLA ARE only the tip of the iceberg when it comes to electric-car
                                                                           start-up companies. Often consisting of little more than a California dreamer, some Detroit
                                                                           exiles, and a little bit of money—in some cases your money—any one of these ventures

                                                                           could become the next Toyota. Or they could all collapse tomorrow. For now, though, it’s
                                                                           all blue-sky optimism. Here’s a sampling, far from exhaustive, of green cars you’ve probably
                                                                           never heard of but can buy now or in the very near future.

                            APTERA 2e                 CODA SEDAN                   BYD e6                THINK CITY              ZAPTRUCK XL           PHOENIX SUT           MYERS NmG
                                                                                                                                                                             (No more Gas)
                           A three-wheel,         A Chinese-market        A four-door electric     A two-seat, two-door     A small, utilitarian   A small four-door       A miniaturized,
WHAT THE . . . ?

                          two-seat electric      Mitsubishi imported        hatchback—and         hatchback that would          pickup.                pickup.            single-seat Oscar
                        vehicle styled after a   to a factory in Ohio,   the first real Chinese    look right at home on                                                Mayer Weinermobile
                         bird flying through        where Coda will         car for sale in the        a shelf at Ikea.                                                       that runs on
                              the wind.          convert it to run on        United States.                                                                            lithium-ion batteries.

                                Vista,              Santa Monica,             Shenzhen,                 Fornebu,               Santa Rosa,             Ontario,             Tallmadge,

                              California              California                China                    Norway                 California            California               Ohio

                                2011                  Late 2010           Late 2010, fleet only;        Late 2010                   Now                Late 2010        Now; a two-seater will

                                                                         late 2011, market-wide                                                                         arrive in early 2011

                          $25,000–                  $35,000                  $40,000                 $40,000                  $15,000               $50,000                $29,995

                          $40,000                    ( estimated )            ( estimated )           ( estimated )                                  ( estimated )
                            ( estimated )

                           100 miles               120 miles                185 miles                100 miles                30 miles               70 miles              45 miles

                            90 mph                   80 mph                   87 mph                  68 mph                   25 mph                80 mph                 75 mph

                        Staffed by Ford, ASC,     Coda’s sales VP,        BYD (short for “Build CEO Richard Canny is More like a Toyota City       More like a Dubai   Forget Detroit, baby:
                        and Saleen refugees.     Michael A. Jackson,     Your Dreams”) arrived     a Ford veteran.   connection: ZAP hired           connection.       The NmG appeared in

                                                    was the top            at the Detroit auto                        former Toyota exec              ( see below )      Austin Powers in
                                                  marketing guy at       show two years ago to                           Gary Dodd to                                      Goldmember.
                                                  General Motors           derisive chuckles.                          establish a plant
                                                    until 2007.           Time will tell if it has                       in Kentucky.
                                                                             the last laugh.

                            Applied for a           Applied for a         Warren Buffet has            Lithium-ion                                                     Applied for a DOE loan

                        Department of Energy        $465 million         sunk $230 million in       battery producer                                 Phoenix is a       for an undisclosed
                           loan for almost           DOE loan.              the enterprise.          Ener1, as well as                              subsidiary of        amount of money.
                        $200 million and is a                                                        Finnish supplier                               Dubai-based
                            finalist in the                                                           Valmet and the       Applied for a $160        Al Yousuf LLC.
                        Progressive Insurance                                                           Norwegian          million DOE loan.
                         Automotive X Prize                                                         government. Also    ZAP’s newest vehicle,
                           competition for                                                        applied for DOE loans the Alias (above), is
                             $10 million.                                                            for a U.S. plant.  also an X Prize finalist.

                            APTERA 2e              CODA SEDAN                  BYD e6                THINK CITY              ZAPTRUCK XL           PHOENIX SUT            MYERS NmG
                                                                                                                                                                          (No more Gas)

14                 Automobile | November 2010

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         TRUE STRENGTH. The kind that withstands the forces of corrosion
         on a positive grid doesn’t come from outdated, conventional positive
         grids. It comes from PowerFrame® grid technology. The only one that’s
         stamped for true strength. Which is exactly what you get on the inside of
         an automotive battery when you see the PowerFrame® label on the outside.

         PowerFrame and PowerFrame logo are registered trademarks of Johnson Controls Inc.
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                                                                                                                   q&a                                ignition
The man who launched a


a            s editor-in-chief of the
             vintage-car site,
             Randy Nonnenberg helps car guys
 start their day in an unproductive way
 with his daily morning e-mail.

 HOW MANY PEOPLE GET YOUR                  HAVE YOU ALWAYS ALLOWED                   as search helpers, if you will. So, I’d     an interesting history. We like cars
 DAILY E-MAIL WITH INFO ON                 READER COMMENTS?                          say at this point it’s probably about       of all different types—we like
 VINTAGE CARS FOR SALE?                    We had that from the beginning. We        fifty-fifty. We still do a fair amount of   American stuff, we like Japanese
 About 8000 people get the daily           wanted it because, while we have          finding cars ourselves and digging          cars, we like all the different
 Bring a Trailer e-mail. Others also get   something to say about the cars,          around to make sure that we live up         European makes. The site isn’t
 instant notifications and different       there are definitely people out there     to our claim of finding the best of the     patterned after a single-marque car
 services that we have, such as finding    who know a whole lot more about a         best, but by sending in their tips, the     show; it’s more like going to the
 particular cars.                          particular model, so there’s              audience has been integral in terms         paddock at the vintage races, where
                                           something to be gained by allowing        of letting us feature more cars.            you see cars from all over the place
 WHEN DID YOU START                        them to comment. Sometimes                                                            and the variety is what makes the
 BRING A TRAILER?                          previous owners of a car will be in the   HOW MANY CARS DO YOU                        experience great.
 Early 2007.                               audience, and they’ll chime in and        REJECT FOR EVERY ONE
                                           share their experience with it. And       THAT YOU ACCEPT?                            DO YOU SOMETIMES SCOOP UP
 HOW DID YOU GET STARTED?                  that makes reading about the car or       For the BaT Exclusive cars, we feature      A CAR FOR YOURSELF RATHER
 The site was started by me and a          purchasing it a richer experience.        only about one out of five. In terms of     THAN POST IT?
 college friend, Gentry Underwood. He                                                the general submissions, it’s really        Frankly, I wish that we could buy
 had a lot of expertise in the Internet,   ARE MOST OF THE VEHICLES                  only one out of twenty or forty.            everything that comes across BaT,
 and I had the vintage-car knowledge.      THAT YOU FEATURE ONES THAT                                                            but the reality is that we can’t. The
 We had been ping-ponging e-mails          YOU FIND OR CARS THAT                     WHAT ARE YOU LOOKING FOR IN                 gut check on whether we feature a
 back and forth with ideas about           PEOPLE SUBMIT TO YOU?                     A BRING A TRAILER CAR?                      car is whether it’s one that we would
 vintage cars to buy online. Eventually    It has evolved. As the audience has       We want the cars to be something set        like to own and drive. — Joe Lorio
 we thought someone might like to          grown and become more                     apart from the rest. Price is the first     For more information, visit
 read that sort of commentary.             enthusiastic, they’ve been leveraged      component; rare models; cars with 

 PHOTOGRAPH BY JAMES CHIANG                                                                                                 November 2010 |
                                                                                                                              November 2010 |     17
ignition                                                  letters and numbers

                                                                                          Ford finds Kabbalah
                                                                                                              THERE’S A MYSTICAL FACTOR behind
                                                                                                               Ford’s recent success. Harnessing the intrinsic
                                                                                                                powers of the letters F-O-R-D, someone in
   Bring a Trailer might be all about quality,
 but eBay Motors definitely wins on quantity.                                                                     Dearborn fashioned the acrostic you see at
                                                                                                                  left—and CEO Alan Mulally had it
                                                                                                                   distributed to every Blue Oval employee.
                                                                                                                     We can only assume that competitors are

     1000                                vehicles sold per day.
                                                                                                                      furiously at work on their own acrostics,
                                                                                                                       but we o er these pro bono. (Feel free
                                                                                                                        to construct an acrostic at home to
                                                                                                                          facilitate your own success.)

                                                                                                                                 And we were so inspired that
                                                                                        C all your friends and tell
                                                                                          them we’re still in
                                                                                                                                 we did one for ourselves.
  There have been 100,000 online sales to
 date of eBay Motors’ most popular car, the                                                as anyone heard from                  A lways pick the German car
                                                                                                                                   in a comparison test.*
                                                                                       H   Lee Iacocca lately?
 Ford Mustang.                                                                                                                              the     of
                                                                                                                                 U nite atissue.endout the
                                                                                                                                   month to put        a
  1966 is the most popular year, with about                                            R am—it’s a brand now.                      good

     10,000                                                                            Y es, thebetter. and the

                                                                                         Sebring should have been
                                                                                         much                                    T he Cupcake
                                                                                                                                     has some
                                                                                       S weaters shall be worn
                                                                                         at all times.                               tasty treats.
                                                                                                                                     Let’s get
                                                                                                                                     a dozen.
                                                                                       L earn to speak Italian.
                                                                                       E ngineersto, not laughed at.
                                                                                                   should be
                                                                                                                                 O wn proof-
                                                                                                                                   reading to
                                                                                                                                   make sure
                                                                                                                                     stories are
                                                                                                     is a
                                                                                       R eally, Ramsurebrand now.
                                                                                         We’re not        why.                       error free.

                                            1,150,000                                                                           M ore newsstand sales are
                                                                                                                                  good for business. Go out
                                           Winning bid for a 2003                                                                 and buy a dozen issues.
                                          Ferrari Enzo, one of eBay                    T ell Congress to shove it.
                                           Motors’ most expensive
                                                                                       O ld people love us, so be                Our magazine is the best.

                                                                                                                                  Or at least in the top
            Average transaction price.

                                          auctions. Others include:                      nice to them.
                                                                                                                                  50 percent.
                                                1937 Alfa Romeo
                                            1,200,000                                  Y ears ago, we built sports
                                                                                         cars. Let’s do that again.                                    the end
                                                                                                                                 B efore youisleave atsure the
                                                                                                                                   of the day, make
                                                                                                                                   elevator locked so
                                          1970 Plymouth Barracuda                      O rganized dashboards do
                                                                                         not appeal to Prius buyers.                 hobos don’t raid our liquor
                                                                                                                                     cabinet again.
                                               899,000                                 T ry not to bring up
                                           1967 Chevrolet Corvette
                                                                                         unintended acceleration.
                                                                                                                                                     to feature
                                                                                                                                   I nvent new ways and
                                                                                                                                     the Porsche 911
                                                                                                                                     the Chevrolet Corvette.

                                               850,704                                 A nyone interested in
                                                                                         ordering Chinese food                                  tolerated,
                                                                                                                                  L ateness is youLike you

                                                                                         for dinner?                                but only if     have a
                                                                                                                                    good excuse.
                                                                                                                                     were buying cupcakes
                                                                                                                                     for the staff.
                                                                                                and Motors
                                                                                       G enerallong words toare in
                                                                                         an acrostic poem.
                                                                                                                                 E ntertain our readers.
                                  vehicles sold, in millions, since
                                  eBay Motors went live in 1995.
                                                                                                  are encouraged
                                                                                       M anagersjobs monthly. to
                                                                                         switch                                   * We kid, we kid!

18   Automobile | November 2010

                                                                      True PDF release: storemags & fantamag
                                                                     storemags & fantamag - magazines for all

                                                            WHAT IF YOU COULD KEEP YOUR ENGINE AS CLOSE
                                                                          AS POSSIBLE TO FACTORY CLEAN?

Your engine is in its most perfect state the day it leaves the factory. That’s why we created Pennzoil Ultra™ full
 Current Standard** Pennzoil Ultra™     synthetic motor oil. Piston at left shows the current industry standard
                                        for clean. Piston at right underwent the same test using Pennzoil
                                        Ultra. We think the results are pretty clear. No wonder it’s recom-
                                        mended by Ferrari. Go to Not just oil, Pennzoil.                                                        ®

*Based on Sequence VG sludge test using SAE 5W-30.**Pistons from standard V6 engine in ASTM Sequence IIIG test. ©2010 SOPUS Products. All rights reserved.
ignition                             bookshelf

                                                                                             1 BLACK, RED,BOOKS a
                                                                                               AND WHITE
                                                                                             Motorbooks has published
                                                                                             hugely informative, pocket-size

 For your
                                                                                             series on the most popular cars
                                                                                             in enthusiast circles. The Black
                                                                                             Book is about Corvettes; the
                                                                                             Porsche 911, the Ford Mustang,

                                                                                             and Chevy SS cars are featured
                                                                                             in separate Red Books; and the
                                                                                             Chevy Camaro is detailed in the
                                                                                             White Book. Honorable mention
                                                                                             goes to the same publisher’s
                                                                                             black-covered Ferrari: A
 Some of the most                                                                            Complete Guide to All Models,
                                                                                             which utilizes a slightly different
 frequently used books                                                                       format but is nonetheless a
 in our library.                                                                             great resource.

                                                                                             2 ANYTHING BY than fifty
                                                                                                 KARL LUDVIGSEN
                                                                                             This author of more
                                                                                             books boasts a wide-ranging and
                                                                                             high-quality oeuvre, from our
           S MUCH AS WE like to                                                              favorite book on Chevrolet’s most
           believe that we know                                                              legendary product (Corvette:
                                                                                             America’s Star-Spangled Sports
          everything there is to                                                             Car, from Automobile Quarterly)
             know about cars here                                                            to a brand-new look at Lotus’s
             at A                                                                            founder (Colin Chapman: Inside
                                                                                             the Innovator, from Haynes
 M             , we don’t, so we                                                             Publishing).
 frequently consult our library in
 the interest of accuracy. That’s                                                            3THE AUTOMOBILE
                                                                                                THE BEAULIEU
 right, a decade into the twenty-
                                                                                             This two-volume set focuses on
 first century, we still have a room                                                          the histories of brands and
 with shelves stacked with sheets                                                            companies rather than details
 of bound paper. They’re called                                                              about specific models. The British
                                                                                             publication is full of obscure facts
 books—perhaps you Wikipedia                                                                 and includes large photographs
 devotees have heard of them.                                                                of significant vehicles and
 (To be fair,’s                                                                miniature biographies on the
                                                                                             people who created them.
 automotive content is
 surprisingly accurate in our
 experience, but by no means is it
                                                                                             4Italianlibrary includes nine sets
                                                                                                CATALOGUE RAISONNÉS
                                                                                                      publisher Automobilia’s
 a bulletproof source.)                                                                      detailed histories on Italy’s
                                                                                             carmakers and design houses,
     Our collection numbers more                                                             from Abarth to Pininfarina. It’s
 than 2500 books. Some of the                                                                very easy to get sidetracked in
 volumes are very rare and others                                                            these thorough, trilingual (Italian,
                                                                                             English, and French) works.
 are readily available, and they
 range in age from sixty years old
 to brand-new. Highly respected
                                                                                             5 STANDARDofCATALOGS the
                                                                                                This series books from
                                                                                             Krause Publications is among
 authors such as Gri Borgeson,                                                               most frequently referenced in our
 Paul Frère, Beverly Rae Kimes,                                                              collection. They are essentially
                                                                                             encyclopedias of domestic and
 Doug Nye, Graham Robson, and                                                                imported American-market cars
 L. J. K. Setright are well                                                                  and trucks, arranged by marque
                                                                                             and model year, which contain
 represented, and every single                                                               vehicle specifications, pricing,
 issue of Motor Trend, Car and                                                               history, photos, and more in six
 Driver, and Road & Track                                                                    primary volumes. Marque- and
                                                                                             theme-specific editions are built
 magazines has also been                                                                     from the broader Catalogs.
 archived. Here’s a brief sampling
 of some of our favorite (and most
 reliable) reference works.
                                                                                             6 AUTOMOTIVE NEWSrms
                                                                                                and WARD’S
                                                                                             These two independent fi
                    — Rusty Blackwell                                                        have each been collecting data
                                                                                             and reporting on the auto
                                                                                             industry since the mid-1920s and
                                                                                             produce annual compendiums
                                                                                             that are essential to any
 For details on how you can get your hands on
                                                                                             automotive researcher. The
 copies of these reference books (some of which
 can be pricey) and a list of other informative                                              100-Year Almanac, which
 tomes from our library, visit                                            Automotive News published in
                                                                                             1996, deserves a special mention.

20   Automobile | November 2010

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ignition                             by design
                                                                           by ROBERT

                                                                                              FRONT 3/4 VIEW

             ET’S REVERT TO the slab            to the market that some 400,000 were           1 The                   8 Even the base
             stern and high luggage             snapped up in the first year of production,    characteristic          models had full
                                                                                              grille/air intake       wheel covers—no
            compartment, the nearly             a record. The base price for a wheezing       allows a long, flat      cheap button caps
            vertical rear window, the           six-cylinder Falcon engine with a             hood, as in classic     for any Mustang.
           leather strap and ‘chunk of road     three-speed gearbox and drum brakes was       cars of the 1930s.
                                                                                                                       9 V-8 cars got
           machinery’ feeling.”                 $2368, but even when equipped with a          2 The line              these badges,
              That’s from a multipage           high-performance V-8, the Mustang was a       derived from the        although sometimes
          document describing the need for      tremendous bargain.                           grille corners          they were left off.
                                                                                              separates the           Production details
 an American four-passenger sports car, a           Joe Oros led the winning design team,     engine cover from       were chaotic in
 text leading to one of the most successful     and quite a lot of the classic 1961 Lincoln   the flatter panels       the first eighteen
                                                                                              between the hood        months, when
 product launches Detroit ever enjoyed,         Continental shows up in the car, especially   and fender peaks.       nearly 700,000
 Ford’s April 1964 Mustang. Written in          the fender profile with the slight rear                                Mustangs—all
                                                                                               3 Starting exactly     listed as 1965
 1956, it was presented to—and furiously        kickup. The front end, with the high
                                                                                              at the edge of the      models—were made
 rejected by—Harley J. Earl, General            rectangular center grille, is closely         headlamp-surround       and sold to an eager
 Motors’ styling chief. Its author, Barney      patterned on the 1950s Dual-Ghia, styled      molding, the fender     clientele.
 Clark, wrote Corvette advertising copy at      by Chrysler’s Virgil Exner. Once again,       peak recapitulates
                                                                                              the profile of the        10 Despite the
 the time. A few years later, working for       nothing is simple in the car-design           great 1961 Lincoln      louvers, no air
 J. Walter Thompson on the Ford account,        business. Don Kopka, who retired as Ford      Continental.            flowed through the
 he talked with product planner Don Frey        design VP in 1987, did the first Mustang                               headlamp hollow in
                                                                                               4 This little kickup   the front end.
 about it. Lee Iacocca may be the “father of    restyling when he arrived from Chrysler.      simply emphasizes
                                                                                              the Lincoln look,       11 Lovely thin-
 the Mustang,” but he got the notion via        He told me he’d thought the Mustang was
                                                                                              subliminally making     bladed bumpers
 Frey and Clark, and thus indirectly from       too flat and rectilinear, so he made the       the Mustang feel        were easily damaged
 GM. Even the final 108-inch wheelbase           1967 car rounder and fatter, but he           more expensive          but were adequate
                                                                  eventually believed “the    than it actually was.   for most use.

 The car was so perfectly                                         ’64 ∕ was much better,” a
                                                                  handsome admission from
                                                                                               5 The real
                                                                                              inspiration for the     REAR 3/4 VIEW
 attuned to the market that                                       any designer.               roof profile was
                                                                                              the 1963 Pontiac        12 Notice the
                                                                     When the project was
 some 400,000 were                                                first conceived at GM,
                                                                                              Tempest, much
                                                                                              admired by Ford
                                                                                              stylists at the
                                                                                                                      exemplary way the
                                                                                                                      creases fade into
                                                                                                                      plain surfaces. Very
 snapped up in the first year                                      Mustang was one of many
                                                                  “cowboy movie” names
                                                                                              time, but it’s also
                                                                                              consistent with the
                                                                                                                      nice indeed.
                                                                                                                      13 One of the
 of production, a record.                                         that were entertained,
                                                                  most of which have
                                                                                              first Thunderbirds.
                                                                                               6 This nasty piece
                                                                                                                      nicest surface
                                                                                                                      details was
 was first determined by GM’s Anatole            subsequently shown up on cars and             of chrome trim was      the indent that
                                                                                              meant to suggest        surrounded the
 Lapine, who subsequently became                trucks—Bronco, Scout, Pony, Palomino,         rear brake-cooling      backlight, giving
 Porsche’s design leader. Nothing’s simple      and Pinto come to mind—but the                scoops, but they        clear definition to
 in the car-design business.                    now-iconic name didn’t really matter. It      were fake. You could    the upper structure.
                                                                                              pay extra to have
     The Mustang came along at the right        could have been called Cayuse or Silver,      them left off, and       14 The rear fender
 time, when the first of the baby boomers        two suggestions not yet used, because it      Ford threw in a paint   peak is so subtly
 were coming into young adulthood and           was the concept and the look that             stripe around the       curved that it’s very
                                                                                              perimeter.              nearly straight.
 their forty-ish parents, about to be free of   mattered, as proven by the Mustang II                                 All the emphasis
                                                                                               7 Remember             in the design is on
 their o spring, could think about              deviation. To quote another bit from
                                                                                              “wind wings”? They      apparent length.
 something other than four-door sedans          Barney Clark’s document, “You could, in a     actually looked good    Nicely achieved.
 and station wagons. So there were two          sense, ‘style it and forget it’—there would   and were extremely
                                                                                              useful before           15 The fuel-filler
 generations that were ripe for buying          be no necessity for yearly revisions or
                                                                                              air-conditioning        cap carried the
 something both financially accessible and       major face-lifts.” Today’s successful retro   became quasi-           badge and was quite
 sporty. The car was so perfectly attuned       design just about proves that thesis.         universal in cars.      elegant.

22   Automobile | November 2010

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        1               2                3                                                                     4                         5

       11               10               9            8                 7                                             6

       12                                             13                14                            19        20        21        22

                  18                17                                   16           15                25                24              23

 16 The way the           17 Sill trim is        is covered by the           with the hue used      the MG TD—and it           copy of the Lotus
body turned              pretty much an          chrome.                     on the faux-leather    worked well.               Elan’s seats.
under at the back        anachronism now,                                    surround.
lightened the            but it was thought                                                         23 There was               25 This lever is
whole composition        to be necessary in      INTERIOR VIEW               21 The deep-dish       nothing sporty at all      for the optional
visually and helped      the 1960s.                                          steering wheel was     in the instrument          four-speed gearbox,
to avoid the blunt,                               19 Stamping the            very Detroit but       cluster—no tach            which had a nice
clifflike rear ends        18 Apart from          upper door panels           not particularly       and minimal                reverse lock-out
that we’ve become        the silly chrome        with textured               sporty, despite fake   gauges. But you            trigger. Mustangs
accustomed to            trim piece, the         steel so it looked          lightening “holes”     could buy a “Rally-        were very easy to
today. Altogether,       indented surface        like leather was a           in the spokes’ trim   Pac” to get what           drive, with decent
the Mustang was          on the body side is     clever detail.              pieces.                you needed. Or             ergonomics.
a really good,           particularly nice,                                                         thought you did.
simple design,           again emphasizing        20 Door trim               22 The double-                                    ■ Read GM’s original
which is why it lives    length and with a       panels were simple          bump cowl was          24 Front buckets           1956 four-seat
on with very few         dynamic angle on        inserts and could be        a nod to British       were an overt, and         sports car proposal at
changes.                 the section that        color-coordinated           sports cars like       acknowledged,    

                                                                                                           November 2010 |      23
ignition                 noise, vibration & harshness
                                                                        by JAMIE
                                                                        KITMAN     with parts cars and future restoration
                                                                                   projects, all organized to the old man’s
                                                                                   inscrutable specification. It remains a
                                                                                   tight and orderly ship where fine work is
                                                                                   done at fair prices.

 LIFE OF A SUCCESSFUL GARAGISTE.                                                       The memorial tour brought out not

                                                                                   just the Italian confections that were the
                                                                                   shop’s first lifeblood, but the o eat
                                                                                   assortment of Jaguars, Mercedes-Benzes,
                                                                                   MGs, Austin-Healeys, BMWs, Minis,
                                                                                   Aston Martins, and Volvos that now just
                                                                                   as often find their way to Domenick’s.
                    HEN MASTER MECHANIC Domenico                                   Like a doctor who has one standard of
                   Spadaro died last year at the ripe old age of                   care for all his patients, rich and poor,
                 eighty-nine, hundreds of loyal customers turned out               Domenico, who wore a sport jacket to
                to pay their respects. That his wake and funeral were              work and, in later years, a beret, showed
              standing-room-only a airs underscored the depth of                   all machines the respect and patience they
            his clientele’s a ection for him, unusual in itself, for               deserved. While he could lay hands on
 while many might wish their mechanics dead, few actually want                     priceless old Colombo V-12s and banks of
 to attend their funerals. Or, more remarkably, lay plans to keep                  Webers like few others, he saw the beauty
 celebrating their garage man’s memory for years to come.                          in everything. Although he’d not worked
     Yet just the other week, the First Annual Domenico Spadaro                    on the 1963 Dodge Dart GT convertible in
 Memorial Rally drew more than 150 customers for a motorized                       attendance at his memorial (carpeting
 tribute to this Sicilian super wrench, known to most patrons—at                   halfway up the door panels made it a GT,
 least those who didn’t come from the old country—as Domenick.                     owner Rob Moore explained), he probably
 His shop, Domenick’s European Car Repair, of White Plains, New                    would have, had he been asked. European
 York, has been an old-car mecca since it opened in 1961. So it was                Car is just the name of the shop.
 only fitting that after some strong Sunday morning co ee, like he                      One of the great things about
 might have served himself, a parade of more than seventy-five                      Domenick and the many who’ve worked
 classic cars set o along the winding lanes of New York’s                          their way up in his shop, in the classic
 Westchester County and southern Connecticut. Following the                        European apprentice tradition, was his
 triumphal spin, a gargantuan bu et was laid out at the spacious                   holistic view of automobiles, the ability to
 and exceedingly gracious digs of one of the shop’s customers,                     see the interconnection between their
 with high-performance meatballs made from an old family recipe                    many systems. He had no patience for
 supplied by Domenico’s wife of fifty-six years, Tindara.                           blindered technicians who fix one thing
     Yes, Domenick was well loved. He tolerated the                                while ignoring others, such as replacing
 Americanization of his name but not his ways. Coming of age in                    an unevenly worn tire without addressing
 war-ravaged Italy, an environment of scarcity where wide-
 ranging mechanical skills were not just ideal but essential, his
 bias was to fix, not replace, and to keep the machine running, not
 throw it away. Locating hard-to-find parts did not upset him. At a
 time when plugging in modules is most common, making parts
 remained an option for this gifted machinist and his skilled
 o spring. Gracious interaction with the customer—talking,
 eating, scheming, dreaming—was his standard, making his busy
 shop as much a destination as a place to get your car fixed.
     A successful garagiste in Roccalumera, Sicily, Domenico one day
 picked up and moved to America. Fifty-some years later, the shop
 he founded is running stronger than ever, thanks in large measure
 to his sons Frank and Santo, who’ve been joined more recently by
 his daughter, Vera, who keeps the organization organized.
     Jam-packed with an ever-changing but always mind-bending
 assortment of older, name-brand thoroughbreds (Ferrari, Alfa
 Romeo, Maserati), obscure racing machinery (Stanguellini,
 Dagrada), so-called etceterini (Abarths, ASA, Siata), and random
 orphans (er, my Triumph Dolomite), the shop is a little grimy,
 which puts o some white-gloved supercar types. But what price
 sterile e ciency when old cars are the game? Domenick’s musty
 catacombs are filled with obscure parts, its basements crammed

24   Automobile | November 2010                                                                   ILLUSTRATION BY TIM MARRS

                                         True PDF release: storemags & fantamag
                                             storemags & fantamag - magazines for all

the cause of the wear—or noticing that a                                                       Hudson. I hoped he’d do a bang-up job on my Fulvia, and he did.
nearby brake hose was weeping or the                                                           Little did I know that over the next fourteen years, along with
steering gear was dry.                                                                         Frank and Santo, he’d work wonders on everything I own, from
    I first met Domenick in 1995 when I                                                         Triumph Dolomites to old Saabs to Ford Lotus Cortinas. Turned
bagged the Lancia Fulvia I’d long been                                                         out they were great with Rovers, too.
pestering vintage racer Harry Reynolds to                                                          Although he smoked like a chimney, swore like a professional,
sell me (see A              M           ,                                                      and did not su er fools gladly, Domenico was indeed a gentleman.
December 1991 and May 1996). I cold-                                                           He outlived many of his patrons, but the Spadaro tour drew
called an o cer of the American Lancia                                                         customers who’d been with him since the 1960s, with memories
Club, seeking a recommendation on                                                              of him throwing his three kids into the back of the family’s Ferrari
whom to entrust with recommissioning                                                           330 for jaunts up to the grand prix in Montreal.
my new charge. He set me straight.                                                                 While I was visiting his shop one day in 1996, Domenick
    A former o cial Lancia sales point                                                         complained of a shooting pain in his arm and disorientation. I ran
back in the 1960s—when all it took was a                                                       to get his sons, and an ambulance was called—he’d su ered a
few brochures and the ability to place an                                                      stroke, which temporarily took him out of commission. But
order with the factory in Italian—                                                             Domenick’s race wasn’t run. In time, he’d return to the shop he
Domenick’s no-frills premises would hold                                                       loved, brilliantly rebuilding complex engines and operating
the knowledge, the parts, and the interest.                                                    machine tools with his eyes closed, but speaking less. For a while,
That spoke to me, as someone whose                                                             he even forgot he’d been a two-pack-a-day Winston man. One
old-car experience included numerous                                                           morning he woke up, however, and asked words to the e ect of
instances of being chased o garage                                                             “Where the f--- are my cigarettes?” A man from another time, he
forecourts when wheezing into sight in                                                         smoked happily for years to come.
something old and funky by mechanics                                                               Domenico Spadaro is gone now, but it’s safe to say that his
afraid they’d never get rid of, say, my                                                        flock are not done memorializing him. First Annual implies
Rover 3500S. As a bonus, Domenick’s was                                                        Second Annual, Third Annual, and so on. We celebrate him and
only a twenty-minute drive across the                                                          honor what he stood for, and that will never get old. AM

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                      PUT MORE MUSCLE IN YOUR GARAGE
      A well-organized garage doesn’t mean you have to settle for wimpy plastic tubs and cardboard boxes. The strength
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                                  ®Registered trademark/™Trademark of Whirlpool, U.S. A . ©2010 Whirlpool Corporation. All rights reserved. WPG10114
                                             IT’S TIME TO RETHINK THE GAR AGE .®

                                                                                                                                               November 2010 |    25
ignition                          dyer consequences
                                                                           by EZRA

 NO KIDDING.                                                    towing an E-250 Econoline. Four kids: probably something made

                                                                by Prevost. And with five kids and more, you should only visit
                                                                places served by heavy rail or deepwater shipping lanes.
                                                                    Before Kid, I talked a lot of game about how parenthood would
                                                                never change my priorities. If I want a Corvette, I’d say, I’m gonna
                                                                get it, and the kids can go in a trailer or on a roof rack. Well, I
                                                                recently drove a BMW M3 convertible, which I figured would be
             FEW YEARS BACK, MY                                 an excellent venue to give the young ’un his first exposure to the
             sister-in-law had her second                       soothing sounds of a V-8 at 8000 rpm. After all, the M3’s back seats
            kid, and the arrival of baby                        will fit adults in a pinch, so I thought they’d be fine for a baby.
           number two brought a vehicular                           Not so. The M3 discourages you from even trying to install a
              change as well. Out went the                      child seat, since the anchors for the seat are hidden behind
              Nissan Pathfinder, in came the                     spring-loaded plastic doors that play killer defense. After a half
 Chevrolet Suburban. At the time, I                             hour wrestling with the mammoth seat platform, you realize that
 mocked her for SUV overkill.                                   M3s hate babies. I still hung my awesome new Baby On Board
     I was one of two kids, and our parents                     sign in the back window, though. Just so people would know to
 always had Subaru wagons. Back then, we                        drive extra carefully around me.
 didn’t need rear-facing child seats. Or air                        Even if I somehow managed to fit the progeny in the back of the
 bags. Or shoulder belts. Or ABS. Or much                       M3, there would’ve been no room for any of his accoutrements—
 protection from rollovers or side impacts.                     the various “portable” strollers and cribs that, through an
 Come to think of it, it’s amazing that anyone                  elaborate system of finger-amputating struts and hinges, neatly
 born before 1980 ever reached adulthood.                       fold down to only 87 percent of their original size. And you must
 Our ’69 Chevy C10 pickup was even more                         get this stu into the car—all of it. As one fellow dad told me, “You
 dangerous. The interior was made entirely                      never know which piece of crap that you bring will be the thing
 of jagged metal, and it took until about 1990                  that makes your life a lot easier.” We’ve taken one trip so far as
 before truck designers thought to put a                        parents, and we filled a Mitsubishi Outlander. And a Jeep Grand
 barrier between your skull and the rear                        Cherokee. Which was towing a boat. Which also had stu in it.
 window. Truck cabs were so lethal that kids                        People say that having kids changes your entire worldview, and
 were often relegated to the safety of the cargo                that’s absolutely true. You realize that you’ll subjugate your needs
 bed, where impacts might be cushioned by                       to those of the child. And that really sucks when you’re as selfish as
 a bale of hay or a fat schoolmate.                             I am. Perhaps I need a minivan, but I still want 500 hp. And so,
     My point, and I have one somewhere,                        among all the other shocks of fatherhood comes this one: I actually
 is that our changing mores toward safety                       understand what Mercedes was thinking with the R63 AMG. AM
 helped dictate ever-larger vehicles, along
 with child seats of such size and
 complexity that they look like they could
 eject from an F/A-18.
     If you’ve never used one of these
 devices, just get in your car and adjust the
 front seat as if Albert Haynesworth is sitting
 behind you. Then move your seat forward a
 few more inches. Then, when the steering
 wheel is nestled between your lungs, you
 could almost fit a rear-facing child seat
 behind you. That example, by the way, is
 based on a BMW 750Li. Anything smaller
 than that and you might actually have to
 hire an o -duty jockey as a chau eur.
     Parenthood has reshaped my big-car
 snobbery. I now understand my sister-in-
 law’s move to the Suburban; in fact, if you
 have one kid, you need a Suburban. If you
 have two kids, you need a long-wheelbase
 Dodge Sprinter. If you have three kids, you
 need a Ford E-450 airport shuttle that’s

26   Automobile | November 2010                                                                         ILLUSTRATION BY TIM MARRS

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ignition                               letters


 LOOKING BACK AND LOSING SENSE                                                “Humble and Hungry,” September]. Of
 I HAVE BEEN READING YOUR MAGAZINE for many years                             course, since that averages out to an
 and am impressed by your high standards. The photography is                  82.5-hour work week, year in and year
 always excellent, but from my point of view one thing really stands          out (diligence), I imagine that their home
 out: your writers put A               in a class all by itself. The          life su ers a bit. That is, if they have one.
 writing is informative, straightforward, witty, easy to read, and as         And they get paid on the basis of a
 comfortable as a conversation with a dear friend. I’m a fan of each          40-hour week (frugality). Having worked
 and every one of the writing sta . In fact, I have considered telling        with a number of skilled Korean R&D
 my grandchildren to read the magazine to learn the art of writing.           engineers in the past, I can attest that
     I just finished reading the article “My Father’s Footsteps” by            they live in fear of displeasing their
 Joe DeMatio in the September 2010 issue, and I plan to read it               managers (harmony) and that their stress
 again—probably more than once, because it brings back memories.              level and burnout rate is phenomenal. It
 I spent three years in France as a U.S. Airman and had an                    chills me to see this kind of employee
 opportunity to drive a Chevrolet on a trip that went through                 exploitation held up as an admirable
 Munich. On the way back the car developed some issues, so we                 example to American workers. Oh, but
 took the train back to the base in Normandy. I can’t remember if             they get a “free” supper. Whoop-de-do.
 the car ever made it back, but I do remember the trip!                                               CLAUDE GALINSKY
     Twenty-some years ago I arranged to meet my son in Europe.                                                    VIA E-MAIL
 We stopped briefly in Munich, which was more fodder for
 memories. The upshot is that I enjoyed the photos, and I think it            I ENJOYED YOUR STORY ON
 would be great to own a Caddy, but it really is the combination of           Hyundai very much. I was one of the first
 father and son that had me reliving some very good times. Good               people in Tulsa to own a $4995 Excel
 writing will always bring joy into my life. Thank you.                       back in 1986. I bought it from the local
                                                       LARRY ROERIG           Lincoln Mercury dealer, which was
                                                     SPRINGFIELD, ILLINOIS    selling Hyundais out the back door of the
                                                                              dealership about a mile from my house. It
 I JUST RECEIVED MY SEPTEMBER ISSUE with a 556-hp                             was going to be a five-year “throwaway”
 Cadillac CTS-V coupe on the cover. Have we all lost our minds?               car. Well, I ended up keeping it for about
 With all the environmental, economic, and political ramifications             nine years, and the only reason that I sold
 of increased petroleum consumption, car manufacturers continue               it when I did was because I bought a Ford
 to build and buyers continue to purchase these behemoths. How                pickup and something had to go. Other
 quickly do I need to get to the next stoplight? On the German                than routine maintenance and a timing
 autobahn, they drive 200-hp, 2.0-liter turbos in excess of 200 kph           belt ( just to be on the safe side), a clutch,
 [124 mph], and in North America we drive 556-hp, 6.2-liter CTS               and a mu er at about 50K miles, the
 coupes 113 kph [70 mph]. Like I said, have we all lost our minds?            Excel never had any problems and was
                                                     ANTON SOVARI             always reliable. The new Sonata is
                                                                VIA E-MAIL    tempting, but for now I’ll stick with my
                                                                              two Toyotas, especially since I have a
 JEERS AND CHEERS FOR HYUNDAI                                                 reservation in for a Nissan Leaf.
 HOW NICE FOR HYUNDAI that its engineers work from                                                           WARREN COX
 7 a.m. to 10 p.m. five days a week and on alternate Saturdays                                                TULSA, OKLAHOMA

28   Automobile | November 2010

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Hyundai is on track with a new sports car.
At least one major carmaker realizes what
is important to a fifteen-year-old. Sadly,
the cars that keep young, octane-blooded
gearheads such as me drooling are slowly
disappearing. No more Toyota Supra,
Pontiac G8, Dodge Viper. I’m feeling kinda
defeated. So, Hyundai, build the Speed—I
will buy one. After all, kids will one day
rule the world, and perhaps we’ll all own
                             JUSTIN SMALL
                                      VIA E-MAIL

CR-Z [“Identity Crisis,” September]. There
were pedestrian CRXs—those were the
ones that sucked. We CRX Si pilots
dismissed the lesser models as lowly
“Civics” not worthy of the lofty CRX
designation. However, at least the CR-Z
gets a stick, which gives me hope that all
the performance guys at Honda aren’t
working on that dorky ASIMO robot or
figuring out how to add about eight more
cupholders to a freakin’ minivan. Back in
the day, legend had it that Honda’s
engineers built their own F1 car out of
spare parts. Maybe those same guys can
get together and impart some high-rpm
mojo on this stunted Civic. Meanwhile,
consider a name change that reflects its
performance figures by adding a few more
Zs to the end.
                          BRIAN TARBUCK
                               READFIELD, MAINE

Honda CR-Z as a possible replacement for
my 2009 Civic EX-L coupe, I am left pretty
much dumbfounded by Honda’s marketing
strategy for it. I can only conclude that this
sporty-looking but slow, complicated,
overweight, and pricey two-seater is
meant to dominate the market niche
abandoned by the Suzuki X-90.
                           ALDEN STEVENS
                         SARANAC LAKE, NEW YORK

probably a ects the way I look at cars.
That said, the Jaguar XF has cachet and
the Infiniti M has none [“Sensual Sedans,”
September]. Also, the most important
performance number for a sedan, the
30-to-70-mph passing time, goes to the
                                                             THREE NEW WAYS TO
                                                             SHOW OFF
                                                                                                  Jaguar. BMWs and Benzes are fairly
                                                                                                  common here, and I believe they diminish
                                                                                                  their brands by continuing to o er
                                                                                                  ever-lower-priced versions. After shopping
                                                                                                  BMW, Mercedes, Cadillac, and Lexus (no
                                                                                                  Infiniti dealer), I ultimately bought an XF.
                                                                                                  Not only did I feel that the Jaguar was the
                                                                                                  best-looking of the bunch, but it is also
                                                                                                  more uncommon and the brand is no
                                                                                                  longer diminished by the X-type.
                                                                                                  Performance is more than adequate for a
                                                                                                  luxury performance sedan, and it is the
                                                                                                  size I was looking for. When I want to go
                                                                                                  crazy fast, I drive my sports car.
                                                                                                                                JOHN MASSA
                                                                                                                               SALINAS, CALIFORNIA

                                                                                                  ON TARGET
                                                                                                  I FOUND YOUR “CROSSOVER
                  MADE FOR PROFESSIONALS, AVAILABLE TO YOU.                                       Conundrum” diagram in the September
                                  Lexol® 3-in-1 Leather Care                                      issue [Ignition] entertaining as well as
                     Cleans, conditions and protects in one easy treatment.
                                      Lexol® Protectant                                           unbelievably accurate, at least in my case.
 Conditions and protects vinyl, rubber & plastic from fading and aging with DH-60 UV sunscreen.   First, the bike looks exactly like the one I
                                       Lexol® Tire Shine                                          own, so much so that I was wondering
                  Delivers deep, long-lasting shine and helps prevent cracking.
                  Learn more information about our full product line at
                                                                                                  where you got hold of a picture of my bike.
                                                                                                  Then I looked at the cars, and the most
                                                                                                  appealing one I found was the Audi Q5.
                                                                                                  So I started following the diagram down

                                                                                                  from the bike, and sure enough, I ended up
                                                                                                  with the Audi!
                                                                                                                                   MILAN VIT
                                                                                                                        CAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS

ON A ROLL.                                                                                        LOCKED AND LOADED
                                                                                                  FOR THE PAST SIX YEARS, I HAVE
                                                                                                  used a CG-Lock for auto slalom, track days,
                                                                                                  and daily driving in my Honda Civic Si
                                                                                                  [“The Inventor,” September]. Those of us
                                                                                                  in the grassroots motorsports ranks have
                                                                                                  known about this excellent, high-quality
                                                                                                  gem since its release. Not only is the
                                                                                                  CG-Lock invaluable at the track, but it is
                                                                                                  also key to long-distance driving comfort,
                                                                                                  keeping the hips positioned comfortably
                                                                                                  and securely. Hockey moms and track-day
                                                                                                  enthusiasts alike will find the mechanism
                                                                                                  more easy to adjust than their radio. It’s too
                                                                                                  bad the media took so long to recognize
Incredibly strong, tough                                                                          Bruce Mather’s invention.
and thick — Gorilla Tape                                                                                                      DARCY WINCH
is made to stick to rough and                                                                                        POINT EDWARD, ONTARIO, CANADA
uneven surfaces like wood, stone,
stucco, plaster, brick and more.                                                                  A CASE IN POINT
                                                                                                  I HAVE TO AGREE WITH EZRA
                                                                                                  Dyer’s essay on car doors [Dyer
                                                                                                  Consequences, September]. A few years
1-800-966-3458 Made in U.S.A.
                                                               Also available in a
                                                                                                  ago, I was shopping for a sports car. My
                                                               portable Handy 1" Roll.
                           © 2010 Gorilla Glue Company                                            wife and I had just come from driving a
                                                                                                  Porsche Boxster, and I decided we should


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at least look at a Corvette. At that time, the    week for a car payment, then keep it up. If
C6 was just making it to dealers. After           you’re targeting the average Joe, you’re
wending our way through balloons and a            just selling fiction.
hot-dog roast that the local Chevy dealer                                 BIG “A” HERMIDA
was hosting, we sat in a new Corvette                                                         VIA E-MAIL
convertible. My wife spent approximately
ten seconds in it before she decided that         I DON’T KNOW IF YOU ALL
the doors were too long and then spent the        decided to take a break for the September
next ninety seconds explaining why the            issue or if you’re still jet-lagged from your
Germans had better door designs.                  summer vacation, but it was by far your
    That same day, we were driving the            worst issue yet. You all seem infatuated
Mercedes-Benz 560SL that has been in the          with Hyundai. It seems as if Hyundai has
family since it was new and had never             been mentioned in every issue this year.
shown any ill will toward us or any other         Who cares about Hyundai—well, besides
car in our household. I pulled into the           you guys? I got my subscription to read you
garage and shut o the engine. My wife             all’s outstanding articles on cars I can only
opened her door . . . and smacked it right        dream of owning, not on something that I
into my Ferrari, putting a dent in the rear       wouldn’t consider in a million lifetimes.
fender. She looked at me and said, “See,               And what’s the deal with this Robert
that’s what I meant about big doors.” Now         Cumberford guy? Is he really on the
a Porsche sits in our garage—and my wife          payroll? I can’t believe you had the
gets out of the car in the driveway.              audacity to actually put that in print—his
                          ANDREW SINGER           comments that the new Saabs should be
                           KNOXVILLE, TENNESSEE   like the old Saab 92.001 prototype. When,
                                                  where, and on what planet was he born? I
LOVE AT FIRST SIGHT                               wouldn’t be caught dead behind the wheel
WHEN MY WIFE WAS TWENTY                           of that car. I guess, though, it’s good he has
years old and our first-born was two, she          a job with you, because if he worked as the
spotted a Lotus Europa [Collectible               chief designer for Saab, they would’ve
Classic, September] and it was love at first       been in the can decades ago. That car looks
sight. I bought her a used yellow S2 for          like something a jerk’d drive. I could see
$3600 in 1973. That car could corner like         Cumberford behind the wheel of a Saab
it was glued to the ground. With two              92.001 Jerkmobile Special—limited
3.5-gallon fuel tanks (one on each side of        edition—driving to and from work in
the car), it could make it from Los Angeles       Jerkville. Besides the 2011 Bentley
to Fresno without a fuel stop. My oldest          Continental Supersports convertible, the
would sit on the console between us—she           Volvo S60, and the Z06 Vette, the only
loved her own little seat (what seatbelt?).       other exciting highlights of the September
We kept the Europa for only three years           issue were the World Class Driving and
and sold it for $4500. The next time my           Porsche Cayenne Turbo ads. With all due
wife had a case of love at first sight was         respect, I’m going to continue to read you
when she spotted a Dino 246GT for                 all’s magazine because I enjoy it ( just not
$15,000. I wish I hadn’t talked her out of        this issue), plus I still have another year
that one.                                         and some months left on my subscription
                         RON HUMPHREY             to look forward to.
                         BELLFLOWER, CALIFORNIA                                   DEEZY SMITH
                                                                                   MAGNOLIA, ARKANSAS
YOU GUYS HAVEN’T LEARNED.                         ERRATA
Our economy isn’t slow only because of            The body shell pictured on page 28 of the
lack of employment, but also because              September issue was actually that of a ’69
Americans are spending their money a              Mustang, not a ’67. Several dozen sharp-
little more wisely. Yet you continue to feed      eyed readers wrote in to let us know about
into the bigger, more-money-is-better             the error. Perhaps this month’s feature story
attitude. Folks aren’t going for that             on the ten greatest Mustangs of all time will
anymore. Most of the cars you feature are         help to temper your disappointment in us.
well into the $45–50K mark. I’m talking
every car. If you’re targeting readers who        Write: Letters, Automobile Magazine, 120 E. Liberty,
don’t have a problem shelling out $200 a          Ann Arbor, MI 48104 E-mail:
 Ford Edge &
 Lincoln MKX
 N      h t t l i t i         d      i               l
 New sheetmetal, interiors, and engines mean a more clear
 distinction between platform siblings—or do they?

          ORD HAS SMARTLY SHARPENED its product                       bodies—not just fascias and soft points—on top of parts-bin
         portfolio in the past few years, but the same can’t be       mechanicals, much like Lincoln’s three-row MKT is to the Ford
         said for the Blue Oval’s supporting brands. Just this past   Flex it’s twinned with. The new MKX doesn’t deviate from the
         June, Mercury was put out to pasture after decades of        old formula, but it does stand to build Lincoln’s visual identity by
         carbon-copy engineering, and Lincoln’s lineup su ers         trading the old egg-crate grille for the brand’s signature winged
 from virtually the same indi erence. For 2011, Dearborn              waterfall. The Edge’s face-lift imposes a larger, more sculpted
 delivers us two new crossovers—the Ford Edge and the Lincoln         chrome grille and sleeker cat-eye headlamps.
 MKX—that hint at the future of Ford’s two remaining brands:             Both of the outgoing models were weak in cabin design, so it’s
 meaningful di erentiation.                                           no surprise that Ford spent more time and money changing
    The 2011 MKX is the first of seven new or significantly             things inside. Passenger room and cargo capacity were already
 revised Lincolns that will arrive in the next four years. We’re      competitive with other vehicles in the segment, so the
 told that the new models will bring genuinely distinctive            dimensions remain unchanged, but everything one touches and

32   Automobile | November 2010                                                                           PHOTOGRAPHY BY MATT TIERNEY

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                                                                                                   the Sport model, a trim that previously
                                                                                                   was little more than an aesthetics
                                                                                                   package. Along with the more powerful
                                                                                                   mill, the Sport also adds a tighter
                                                                                                   suspension, a piano-black grille, di erent
                                                                                                                          lower bodywork,
                                                                                                                          and twenty-two-
                                                                                                The Specs //              inch wheels. In
                                                                                                FORD EDGE
                                                                                                ON SALE: Now
                                                                                                                          early 2011, Ford
                                                                                                PRICE: $27,995            will introduce a
                                                                                                ENGINE: 3.5L V-6,         third engine for the
                                                                                                285 hp, 253 lb-ft         Edge, a 2.0-liter
                                                                                                DRIVE: Front- or
                                                                                                                          four-cylinder that
                                                                                                LINCOLN MKX               should produce
                                                                                                ON SALE: Now              about 240 hp. Both
                                                                                                PRICE: $39,995            brands use
                                                                                                ENGINE: 3.7L V-6,
                                                                                                305 hp, 280 lb-ft         six-speed automatic
                                                                                                DRIVE: Front- or          transmissions and
                                                                                                4-wheel                   o er front- or
                                                                                                                          all-wheel drive.
                                                                                                   front-wheel-drive models transmit a
sees has been completely redesigned to meet consumer                                               noticeable but palatable amount of torque
expectations. In the Ford Edge, the appealing, soft-touch                                          steer to the driver’s hands under brisk
dashboard takes clear cues from the Fusion and the Taurus,                                         acceleration.
with a colorful LCD instrument panel and a center console that                                         A day of driving the six-cylinder
gracefully flows down between the front seats. The Lincoln has                                      models through some excellent if very
similar organic shapes but tops the dash with leather, uses                                        damp back roads finds that the Edge
aluminum for the trim, and includes the buttonless MyLincoln                                       doesn’t set any brilliant new standards in
Touch center stack as standard equipment (see sidebar).                                    ■       terms of crossover driving dynamics. To
MyFord Touch is optional on the Edge. Neither vehicle is the               They still share a      wit, the class-leading power is largely
definitive style leader, but both are tasteful. The Edge easily           chassis and a body,       o set by the class-topping curb weight. At
sets a new benchmark for quality in its price range, while the         but Ford is looking to      nearly 4300 pounds in all-wheel-drive
                                                                            differentiate the
Lincoln’s cabin is a pleasing fusion of Lexus quality with                Edge and the MKX         form, the Edge is a tad heavier than a
Cadillac modernity.                                                    with more expressive        Nissan Murano and some 200 pounds
                                                                             styling and less
    To set apart the two cars mechanically, the Ford’s volume            powertrain overlap.
                                                                                                   chunkier than a Honda Accord Crosstour
engine is a 3.5-liter V-6 now making 285 hp and 253 lb-ft of             Future Lincolns will      or a Toyota Venza. Still, there are a few
torque, while the MKX’s sole powerplant is a 3.7-liter V-6. That       receive unique upper        pleasant surprises. New dampers and
                                                                           bodies to further
3.7-liter is shared with the Mustang and produces 305 hp and                    separate the       wider wheels, along with some
280 lb-ft. Edge buyers can have the 3.7-liter engine if they opt for             two brands.       adjustments to the rear antiroll bar and

                                                                                                       November 2010 |   33
 rear bushings, have tidied up the Edge’s body control
 through sharp bends. Braking performance has been
 improved by using the Flex’s larger rear calipers, but
 the pedal is still di cult to modulate. For better or
 worse, we weren’t able to notice much di erence in the
 Sport model, aside from a bit more punch o the line.
 And as ridiculous as twenty-two-inch wheels might
 seem to be, they at least rode decently over well-
 maintained pavement.
     To improve the formerly numb and vague steering,
 engineers reduced friction in the steering gear and
 swapped in a hydraulic power-assist pump from the
 European Mondeo. The result won’t scare a BMW X5
 but is nonetheless quite good for the segment, with
 decent feel and consistent feedback. From a chassis          ■
 perspective, the Lincoln can claim only minor                                         Touch, but don’t look.
                                                              The MKX now has
 di erences from the Edge, like a retuned power-                                                 s it is today, Ford’s Sync system encompasses

                                                              Lincoln’s familial
 steering curve and slight suspension modifications,           face. Only the aged                so many functions that it’s a challenge to com-
 but both changes are almost imperceptible. As such,          Town Car and                       prehend its many abilities until you’ve spent
                                                              Navigator continue
 the MKX boasts a nice ride and better steering               to hold out.                       time in the car. With the next generation, that
 than a Lexus RX350, but that Asian competitor is                                      becomes even more difficult, as new features and a fresh
 lighter on its feet.                                                                  interface create new ways of interacting with the car.
     Taken as a whole, the MKX comes o as a                                                Sync will continue to exist without a touch screen in
 convincing luxury crossover—not a rebadged Ford, but                                  some vehicles, but the headline product is now “MyFord
 something that shows true sumptuousness inside, a                                     Touch powered by Sync” (or “MyLincoln Touch . . . ”) cen-
 cosseting driving experience, and a bit of flair on the                                tered around an eight-inch display with four core func-
 outside. This is Lincoln’s best product. And that speaks                              tions: navigation, phone, entertainment, and climate. Be-
 to the quality of the Ford. The two brands still have a                               low that screen, Ford has replaced the traditional physical
 way to go to create truly distinct vehicles, but when the                             controls with touch-sensitive nubs. That affords design-
 Ford DNA is this good, Lincoln has a solid starting point.                            ers increased freedom in how they style the center stack,
                                         — Eric Tingwall                               but in our experience it also comes with a few drawbacks.
                                                                                       Using a button doesn’t provide the satisfying haptic feed-
                                                                                       back of a physical detent, and you can’t hunt for buttons
                                                                                       by feel (unless you’re willing to hit six other buttons in
                                                                                       the process), forcing you to take your eyes off the road.
                                                              The Edge and the
                                                              MKX share the same       Touch-sensitive sliders in Lincoln vehicles have replaced
                                                              interior structure:      fan-speed and volume controls, but trying to execute fine
                                                              with MyTouch             adjustments, particularly with the volume, is often diffi-
                                                              screens flanking an
                                                              analog speedometer       cult. What was so wrong with the tried-and-true knob?
                                                              (below, Edge) and a          Consolation comes in the form of steering-wheel-
                                                              dashboard with a
                                                              tiered, waterfall-like
                                                                                       mounted controls and improved voice command. There
                                                              center tower and         are two five-way controllers on the wheel that control the
                                                              console (left, Edge).    4.2-inch LCD screens that flank the central speedometer.
                                                              The Lincoln (below
                                                              left) steps up in        The left display shows vehicle functions, such as the trip
                                                              materials and finish,     computer, fuel economy, or a digital tachometer. The
                                                              and it features          right screen functions as a redundant display of the cen-
                                                              touch-sensitive bars
                                                              to control the audio     ter monitor, allowing access to the four core functions.
                                                              and climate systems.     There are also dedicated steering-wheel controls for the
                                                                                                   audio system.
                                                                                                       The more sophisticated voice-recognition
                                                                                                   system now has a larger vocabulary and fewer
                                                                                                   menus to wade through. Passengers connect
                                                                                                   their devices through Bluetooth or the media
                                                                                                   hub with its two USB ports, an SD card slot,
                                                                                                   and a set of RCA connectors. The vehicle can
                                                                                                   also connect to a Wi-Fi hot spot when parked,
                                                                                                   or you can plug a USB modem into the car to
                                                                                                   create a mobile Wi-Fi connection for laptop-
                                                                                                   toting passengers.                        – ET

 34   Automobile | November 2010

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          CRUZE      C O N T R O L

                              Chevy’s new compact is endowed
                                         with mid-size virtues.

Move over Civic and Corolla.

t  he import brands—especially Honda and Toyota—have
done an excellent job providing small-car buyers with good
                                                             • So much extra interior and trunk room that the EPA
                                                               lists the Cruze in its mid-size category.
basic transportation. Now it’s Chevy’s turn to prove that    • Ten air bags, antilock brakes, and StabiliTrak stability
there is life beyond Civics and Corollas. The new Chevy        control are all standard for maximum safety.
Cruze is the small car with greater aspirations.             • Standard OnStar and XM radio with trial subscription.
   The Cruze delivers the essentials—an attractive price,    • Exceptional highway fuel economy, plus a special Eco
low operating costs, and impeccable durability—with attri-     model that gets 40 mpg on the highway.
butes that both the Civic and the Corolla lack.              • A wealth of options such as DVD navigation, leather

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                                                                     FRUGAL POWER PROVIDERS
                                                                     Two new engines give the Cruze exceptional fuel
                                                                     economy and lively performance. An Ecotec 1.8-liter
                                                                     four-cylinder is standard on the Cruze LS, and an
                                                                     Ecotec 1.4-liter turbocharged engine powers the LT,
                                                                     LTZ, and Eco models. Both are engineered for
                                                                     maximum durability and minimum maintenance.
                                                                     Dual-overhead camshafts, four valves per cylinder,
                                                                     variable valve timing, and hydraulic lash control are
                                                                     all standard. The LS’s 136-horsepower engine has a
                                                                     two-stage intake manifold to deliver 90 percent of
                                                                     peak torque (123 lb-ft at 3800 rpm) from 2400 to
                                                                     6500 rpm. The 138-horsepower Ecotec turbo cranks
                                                                     out 148 lb-ft of torque from 1850 to 4900 rpm. Both
                                                                     engines are covered by a 5-year/100,000-mile
                                                                     transferable powertrain warranty.

 trim, a Pioneer nine-speaker sound system, Bluetooth                 With the goal of providing the compact class’s smooth-
 connectivity, a handy USB audio interface port, ultra-           est, quietest ride, 30 acoustical treatments were developed,
 sonic parking assist, and 18-inch aluminum wheels.               including body cavities filled with sound-absorbing foam, a
                                                                  five-layer headliner, and reinforced door structures. Limiting
    Chevrolet’s confidence in the Cruze rests on the fact          the gaps between exterior panels to less than an eighth of an
that more than 330,000 of them are already on the road            inch yields a long-lasting, top-quality appearance.
in 60 countries. Prior to its U.S. introduction, the Cruze will      The Cruze’s claim to fame will be providing superior val-
have logged more than 4 million test miles.                       ue as the best compact car not much money can buy.
t  he Cruze is a compact sedan with the passenger vol-
ume and trunk space of a mid-size. That means more
                                                              surrounded by chrome accents and backlit with ice-blue
                                                              illumination. The center stack flows elegantly into the con-
shoulder room than a Honda Civic and more headroom            sole to place climate control and entertainment gear
than a Toyota Corolla. The Cruze’s cargo capacity tops        within easy reach.
both the import brands by more than 20 percent.                   Such essentials as air-conditioning, an AM/FM/CD
   The dual-cockpit interior design is also a cut above the   stereo system, remote keyless entry, and split-folding rear
compact-car norm. Premium materials abound and flaw-           seatbacks are standard in all Chevy Cruzes. Stepping up
less attention to detail is obvious. Knobs and buttons are    from the standard LS model to the LT and LTZ sedans

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                                                                           BLUE BUTTON BUTLER
                                                                           OnStar—now in its ninth
                                                                           generation—is standard in every
                                                                           Chevy Cruze, with a six-month
                                                                           trial subscription. This state-of-
                                                                           the-art driver’s assistance system
                                                                           provides several useful functions
                                                                           at the touch of a button. OnStar
                                                                           can direct you to the nearest
                                                                           gas station or guide you to any
                                                                           destination. If you’re accidentally
                                                                           locked out, OnStar can unlock your
                                                                           doors. To help locate your vehicle
                                                                           in a crowded parking lot, an advisor
                                                                           can instruct your vehicle to toot its
                                                                           horn and flash its lights. If your car
                                                                           is stolen, OnStar can pinpoint its
                                                                           location and aid the authorities in
                                                                           recovery. No other system comes
                                                                           close to providing the same ease of
                                                                           use and peace of mind as OnStar.

adds a six-speed automatic transmission, five-spoke          The RS package that is available for LT and LTZ models in-
aluminum wheels, French-stitched leather trim, heated       cludes a rear spoiler, fog lamps, rocker moldings, distinc-
front seats, and cruise control.                            tive fascias, and an uplevel instrument cluster. A power
   There are several convenient option packages. The con-   sliding sunroof, a 250-watt Pioneer audio system, and a
nectivity package for the LS adds Bluetooth, a USB port,    DVD navigation system are freestanding LT and LTZ op-
and steering-wheel audio controls. A driver convenience     tions. A sport-tuned suspension and four-wheel disc brakes
package for the LT sedan includes a remote starting sys-    are standard on the LTZ, and they can also be added to the
tem, rear park assist, and a six-way power driver’s seat.   Cruze LT.
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Major strides in safety and technology.                             ECOnomics 101
                                                                    The Cruze that gives Honda and Toyota the
                                                                    willies is the Eco model, which delivers
                                                                    40 mpg on the highway. The technology
                                                                    behind this remarkable fuel efficiency

                                                                    includes a 1.4-liter Ecotec turbo engine, a
                                                                    six-speed manual transmission with special
                                                                    gearing, ultra-low-rolling-resistance tires
    he Chevrolet Cruze has been engineered to score top
                                                                    mounted to 17-inch forged-aluminum wheels,
marks in all government collision and rollover tests. To            and a wind-tunnel-tested aerodynamics
achieve that, it has a robust body structure, full-length           package. The drag-reducing features are a
underbody reinforcement rails, a cross-car beam to                  lowered ride height, a front air dam, a rear
stabilize the A-pillars, and tubular beams welded inside the        spoiler, smooth underfloor panels, and a
                                                                    grille shutter that automatically closes at
doors. In addition, there are ten air bags—two frontal, one
                                                                    speed. The Eco begs the obvious question—
side air bag at each of the four outboard seating positions,        why bother with an expensive hybrid when
knee bags for the front occupants, and side-curtain                 40 mpg is available at an affordable price?
inflatable restraints protecting outboard occupants.
    To help avoid collisions, the Cruze has electrically
assisted power steering, antilock brakes, traction control,
and StabiliTrak stability control standard on all models. If a   only when actually needed, it is a boon to fuel efficiency.
serious accident does occur, OnStar’s Automatic Crash                The Cruze’s light, stiff body structure is tuned for re-
Response with Injury Severity Prediction signals an advisor      finement and quietness. The front-of-dash panel is cloaked
that assistance is required.                                     with sound-deadening material on both sides. Hollow por-
    The Cruze’s chassis is designed to provide the best          tions of the body are filled with nylon noise-blocking baf-
available ride with agile handling. An isolated engine cradle    fles. In the trunk compartment, sound insulation material
attaches to the unibody through special hydraulic bush-          made of recycled denim helps absorb tire buzz. All four
ings. The front suspension has an efficient strut design, and     doors have triple seals and fiberglass blankets that act as
a clever Z-link design is used at the rear. This configuration    barriers to water, wind, and noise. The Cruze’s doors latch
combines the virtues of a compound crank suspension              with a solid, luxury-car sound.
(light weight, compactness, and constant wheel camber)               Six-speed wide-ratio transmissions are standard equip-
with additional stability attributable to the superior lateral   ment on the Cruze. The LS and Eco models have a smooth-
location provided by the Z-link. The Cruze’s electrically as-    shifting manual transmission as standard equipment. An
sisted power-steering unit mounts directly to the rack to        automatic is optional in those models and is standard in
maximize road feel. Because it provides steering assist          the Cruze LT and LZ.
                                                                    FIFTY-FIVE YEARS AGO, Chevrolet rocked
                                                                    America with one of the most beloved cars
                                                                    ever created. The ’55 Chevy’s magic came
                                                                    from its classic styling, hot V-8 engine, and af-
                                                                    fordable price.
                                                                        Now it’s the Chevy Cruze’s turn to uplift the
                                                                    American psyche with a breakthrough combi-
                                                                    nation of compact and mid-size attributes.

                                                                    The Cruze is the best thing that’s happened to

                                                                    small cars since the Eisenhower years.
                                                                        The Cruze’s specialty is that it surpasses
                                                                    wide-ranging expectations. Those who prize
                                                                    dependability and reliability are well served by
                                                                    the most extensively tested car in Chevrolet’s
                                                                    history and the class’s longest powertrain
                                                                    warranty. Existing compact owners will enjoy
                                                                    gains in interior room, gas mileage, and ame-
                                                                    nities. Engineered to earn top marks in all five
                                                                    collision categories, the Cruze provides peace
                                                                    of mind for those to whom safety is of para-
                                                                    mount importance.
                                                                        Like the ’55 Chevy that made the bow-tie
                                                                    brand an American icon, the 2011 Cruze is
                                                                    ready to earn friends and impress owners
                                                                    with its innovative design and can-do spirit.

To see video of the new Cruze, visit

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   Honda Odyssey                                                                Still the one.

       T WAS DIFFICULT, as we arrived in balmy San Diego,                   ■                       option on the last model, is now standard.
        to drum up much excitement over the drive that lay ahead.           Honda has               We hope that the new six-speed automatic
        Not because we were about to drive a minivan, mind you,             attempted to infuse     transmission will soon be standard as well.
                                                                            some style into its
        but because that minivan, the Honda Odyssey, is already so          minivan, with mixed     For now, it comes only on Touring and
        darn good. The current iteration, which dates back to 2005,         results. Under the      Touring Elite models. Even with the old
  is still the best in its class. By a good margin. What drama could        skin, though, it’s as   five-speed slushbox, fuel economy
                                                                            functional as ever.
  there be regarding the new one? How about this: in an attempt to                                  improves to a best-in-class 18/27 mpg
  draw younger families into the shrinking segment, Honda is                                        city/highway (six-speed models achieve
  proclaiming the new Odyssey to be “the minivan redefined.” To                                      19/28 mpg), thanks largely to minor engine
  which our natural response is: redefined how? And why? Was                                         improvements, lower-rolling-resistance
  Honda about to ruin a good thing in order to attract customers                                    tires, a significant diet, and the more
  who would otherwise purchase one of the brand’s four                                              aerodynamic shape. Where the new
  crossovers? As if that’s not enough, we learned that engineers                                    transmission really makes a di erence is in
  had the audacity to retune the Odyssey’s steering for less e ort.                                 drivability, as five-speed models strain
  (Cue foreboding music.)                                                                           noticeably when accelerating up grades.
      OK, cut the music. In actuality, the Odyssey hasn’t been                                      With either transmission, the Odyssey feels
  redefined at all. More like reinvigorated. Take, for instance, the                                 slower and less refined than a six-cylinder
  styling, which deviates very little from the concept that debuted                                 Sienna, which enjoys an 18-hp advantage.
  at the Chicago auto show last February. Unlike some new-age                                           That said, the Honda would still be our
  people movers, including Honda’s own Accord Crosstour, there’s                                    minivan of choice to drive on all but the
  no ambiguity regarding the Odyssey’s purpose. Core minivan
  attributes such as dual sliding doors and a sloping nose remain
                                          in place. Instead, Honda
                                          follows the route taken by the
The Specs //                              new Toyota Sienna, wrapping
                                          a traditional minivan in
PRICE RANGE: $28,580–$44,030
ENGINE: 3.5L V-6, 248 hp, 250 lb-ft       sleeker and tauter sheetmetal.
DRIVE: Front-wheel                        Well, maybe not sleeker. The
                                          Odyssey rides between
                                          0.4 and 1.6 inches lower on its
  larger seventeen- and eighteen-inch wheels (depending on trim
  level) but at the same time has grown about two inches wider
  and nearly an inch longer. The result can appear bloated and
  overwrought in photographs but in person comes o as fresh
  and upscale.
      Mechanically, there’s even less redefining going on. As before,
  the Odyssey comes solely with a 3.5-liter V-6, which gets four
  more horsepower, for a total of 248 hp. Cylinder deactivation, an

                                                                                                           November 2010 |   43
     straightest, smoothest roads. The Odyssey
     retains its independent rear suspension—a
     rarity in the segment—and presses its ride
     and handling advantage with a sti er
     unibody, softer bushings, and new bypass
     dampers that provide better body control
     over most surfaces but dampen large
     impacts. It doesn’t hurt that it’s lost 50 to
     100 pounds (depending on trim). Through
     mountain switchbacks and on an autocross
     course—yes, an autocross course—the new
     setup provided predictable, controlled,
     and creak-free handling along with a
     slightly more isolated ride than the old
     model. As for the steering, we were unable

                                                                             to discern any di erence in feel and e ort save for in parking lots,
                                                     Outboard second-        where it is slightly easier to maneuver. Everywhere else, it’s still
                                                     row seats can be        quick and precise enough to mask the vehicle’s size during spirited
                                                     spread apart to
                                                     accommodate three       driving. Mind you, the seventeen-foot-long Odyssey is no Civic Si.
                                                     child seats. In         But should you venture o the highway and get lost on an
                                                     configuration, the
                                                                             undulating, winding road, the kids probably won’t get carsick, and
                                                     seats slide together    neither will you.
                                                     and the center              If you’re in an upper-trim-level Odyssey, though, you probably
                                                     backrest is folded to
                                                     serve as an armrest/    won’t get lost—and the kids won’t care where you drive. Whereas
                                                     beverage tray.          the last-gen model relied on the same compromised navigation

© 2010 Michelin North America, Inc.

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system o ered in a $20,000 Fit, the new                                                        seats now shift 1.5 inches sideways to
Odyssey gets a much improved hard-                                                             make room for a third child seat in the
drive-based setup that’s easier to use and                                                     center (for an overall baby-toting total of
far better at scoping out points of interest.                                                  five); the third-row seats o er more
The fifteen-gigabyte hard drive can also                                                        legroom (best in class) and fold into the
store music from USB devices connected                                                         floor with greater ease than before; rear
through a new port in the glove box. In                                                        storage has been increased by relocating
back, an optional flip-down video player                                                        the spare tire beneath the floor between
can now display two movies on one wide                                                         the first and second rows; and the
LCD screen. The top-of-the-line Touring                                                        removable center console now has a
Elite model, essentially an Acura minus the badge, adds a              ■                       concealed storage area large enough for
650-watt surround-sound stereo and an HDMI input for the rear          The pleasant, if        purses and features a flip-up ring on
entertainment system. Aesthetically, the minivan is less               somewhat busy,          which to hang small trash bags.
ambitious. There are some more soft plastics—including a crucial       dash can house an       Cupholders? Fifteen, plus a cooler under
                                                                       updated navigation
piece atop the inner door panel—and the whole dash takes on the        system. Fit and finish   the center stack that will store four bottles
functional, if somewhat busy, design of the current Accord. It’s by    remain best-in-class.   or six cans. As in previous Odysseys, the
far the most attractive, highest-quality cabin you’ll find in a                                 features all work as advertised and serve a
minivan, but it doesn’t try as hard to impress as what you’ll find in                           clear purpose beyond advertising fodder.
most similarly priced crossovers.                                                                  This functionality is ultimately what
    Of course, the Odyssey’s calling card has always been its                                  makes the new Odyssey worthy of its
versatility, and that hasn’t changed. Whereas competitors have                                 name and distinguishes it from the pack.
ventured into clever gimmicks like card tables and reclinerlike                                It may wear more stylish threads, but rest
seats, Honda has mined even more functionality and comfort                                     assured—it’s the thoroughly engineered
from the tried-and-true minivan layout. Lead interior engineer                                 competence that makes this Odyssey what
Rudy Mayne takes us through the changes with all the                                           it always has been: the best minivan,
exuberance one expects of a proud parent: outboard second-row                                  period.                    — David Zenlea
   It doesn’t just give directions, it takes orders. A whole lot of them. The 305-horsepower
   EDGE SPORT with MYFORD TOUCH. A voice and touch-activated communications

   system that puts your music, information and entertainment at your fingertips – while
   your eyes never leave the road. It’s an automotive first. All wrapped up in one thrilling ride.
   It’s quite possibly the world’s smartest crossover.

   2011 EDGE SPORT

                Simply open your phone’s browser and download the free app at or text “MYFORDTOUCH”
                to 4FORD. Then follow the directions to snap this tag and see MyFord Touch come to life.

               *Driving while distracted can result in loss of vehicle control. Only use mobile phones/MyFord Touch/other devices, even with
                voice commands, when it is safe to do so. Some features may be locked out while the vehicle is in gear. Certain commands
                abbreviated. See owner’s guide for complete commands. **Standard text messaging and data rates apply.

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 Scion tC
 Strong enough for a man, but made for a young woman.


          HE tC IS SCION’S biggest
        success. Yes, it’s the brand’s
        all-time best-selling model, but
        that’s only half the story. If you
        remember, the whole point of
 Scion was to lure younger buyers to
 Toyota—and the tC’s buyer is the
 youngest in the industry. At twenty-
 four years old, he’s about half the age
 of the average new-car buyer.
     Or should we say, “she”? You see,
 even though the tC initially appealed
 to male enthusiasts, its buyers
 gradually skewed female, and the take
 rate for the manual transmission
 dropped steadily. So what? A buyer is
 a buyer, right?
     Not so, say the marketing folks.
 As it turns out, you can design a car
 for guys, and girls will likely buy it,
 too. But if a model is branded a “chick

48   Automobile | November 2010

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car”? Well, guys will run in the other                                                       ever complains about a sporty car
direction.                                                   The Specs //                    being too wide—and the increased
    For its second-generation tC, Scion                      ON SALE: Now                    track (up 1.3 inches in front and 2.1
wants to get the stick-shift-buying                          PRICE: $18,995/$19,995          inches at the rear) helps give this tC
enthusiast dudes back into the                                (manual/automatic)             a more substantial presence.
dealerships. And to do that, it put its sport                ENGINE: 2.5L I-4, 180 hp,       Standard eighteen-inch wheels don’t
                                                              173 lb-ft
coupe on an emergency lesstrogen                                                             hurt, either.
                                                             DRIVE: Front-wheel
program. With styling cues taken from the                                                        The increased width also helps the
hypermasculine Fuse Coupe Concept                                                            interior feel more spacious. The
unveiled at the 2006 New York auto show,                                                     contoured seats are still supportive
the 2011 tC looks decidedly less cute and                      but are an inch wider than before. A glass dual sunroof is
more aggressive.                                               standard, and—with the exception of a red LED clock that looks
    It remains instantly recognizable as a                     straight out of the 1980s—the cabin is modern and attractive.
tC, which is a good thing, because it                          Unfortunately, the dashboard is a mishmash of hard plastics with
means that Scion learned its lesson from                       three completely di erent grains, and the center armrest is rock
the xB, which alienated its young buyers                       hard. The steering wheel, on the other hand, now telescopes in
when it grew substantially for its second                      addition to tilting and is a delightfully thick, leather-wrapped,
generation. The new tC matches its                             flat-bottomed a air with standard audio controls. It’s easily the
predecessor in every exterior                                  highlight of the interior and is enough to make up for a multitude
measurement except width, which has                            of material sins.
grown by a substantial 1.6 inches. No one                          It’ll take more than a nice wheel to summon enthusiasts,

                                                                                            November 2010 |   49
 however. We wish we could report that
 the tC had made a surprise switch to the
 rear-wheel-drive sports car platform that
 Toyota is codeveloping with Subaru, but
 it didn’t. Nonetheless, the 2011 tC does
 come with some welcome underhood
 changes. The old 2.4-liter AZ-series
 four-cylinder has been replaced by the
 2.5-liter AR-series, which adds variable
 valve timing on the exhaust side and a
 higher compression ratio (10.4:1 versus
 9.8:1). Peak output grows by 19 hp and
 11 lb-ft of torque, but despite a satisfying
 exhaust note, particularly at start-up and
 idle, this isn’t a standout four-cylinder.
     It’s certainly not a bad one, mind you,
 but it doesn’t beg to be revved, and its       ■

 response to throttle inputs is leisurely. A    The new tC’s styling         The optional six-speed automatic transmission gains two
 7500-rpm screamer under the hood               is sharper-edged         gears over last year’s slushbox, and the considerably taller gearing
 would go a long way toward seducing car        than before. A trio of   makes up for any fuel economy disadvantage inherent in its
                                                speakers is housed
 guys into Scion dealerships. Add a turbo,      in both doors. A         design: it matches the manual’s EPA ratings of 23 mpg in the city
 and the tC would be irresistible to the        standard dual            and 31 mpg on the highway. The penalty comes in acceleration—
                                                sunroof once again
 tuner crowd.                                   brightens the            the dash to 60 mph takes 0.7 second longer than it does with the
     The two-door’s manual transmission         coupe’s cabin.           stick, and the gearbox includes neither a true manual mode nor
 now has six forward gears, and                                          steering-wheel paddle shifters.
 the shifter’s throws are                                                    Still, the automatic changes gears quickly, o ers smooth and
 relatively short and light, with                                        timely downshifts, and generally doesn’t interfere with the fun
 a vaguely Volkswagen-esque                                              factor. With either transmission, the tC su ers from no major
 willingness to fall readily into                                        torque steer, and the power steering, now electrically assisted,
 the next gear. The numb                                                 feels commendably natural. Not much feedback comes through
 clutch’s action isn’t quite as                                          that sculpted steering wheel, however, and the turning circle is a
 pleasing, but the tC is definitely                                       largish 37.4 feet. Happily, the stability control can be turned o
 fun to drive. It’s quick, too,                                          completely—but the ferocious understeer can’t.
 with 60 mph coming in 7.6                                                   Masking the front tires’ squealing is easy, since the tC is
 seconds, according to Toyota.                                           available with a choice of three stereo systems, all of which
 (The previous five-speed car                                             feature a tower of speakers in each door. The various head units
 managed the sprint in 8.2                                               range in functionality from mediocre to downright awful.
 seconds.)                                                               Luckily, the dash opening is a standard double-DIN size,
                                                                                      making it easy to install an aftermarket unit. Even
                                                                                      though a USB port is standard, it’s mounted on the
                                                                                      center console, so theft-deterring tC owners will have
                                                                                      to unplug and store their iPods every time they leave
                                                                                      the car.
                                                                                          That’s a silly oversight, but the lack of standard
                                                                                      Bluetooth is inexplicable. Since the tC is aimed at
                                                                                      young buyers, Toyota’s engineers should have
                                                                                      developed and installed the best Bluetooth system in
                                                                                      the world. After all, when was the last time you saw a
                                                                                      twenty-four-year-old—guy, girl, enthusiast, or
                                                                                      commuter—not on the phone?
                                                                                          Fortunately, Toyota should be able to add Bluetooth
                                                                                      quickly and easily, and there’s no doubt that the
                                                                                      company got the rest of the tC’s recipe right. This little
                                                                                      coupe has big shoes to fill, trying to convince buyers of
                                          z                                           both sexes to hand over their recession-riddled
                                                                                      paychecks for a new car. Still, if the last tC succeeded
                                                                                      in attracting so many young buyers, this faster, better
                                                                                      tC should have no problem remaining the brand’s
                                                                                      biggest success.                       — Jason Cammisa

 50   Automobile | November 2010

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                      A car like nothing else.
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By Joe Lorio

       In 1970, the Mustang
         Boss 302 was in its
              second year. Its
          302-cubic-inch V-8
         used cylinder heads
      from the 351 Cleveland
         V-8 and was rated at
         290 hp. This pristine
        example, a numbers-
            matching car that
       underwent a rotisserie
           restoration earlier
           this year, is owned
          by Mike Friedlander
      of Ann Arbor, Michigan.

                                                                                                          The 2012 Mustang Boss 302 resurrects one of the
                                                                                                          most legendary high-performance Mustangs from the
                                                                                                            past. This is the Laguna Seca version, a racier Boss
                                                                                                         variant that sports more aggressive aero aids, an even
                                                                                                           firmer adjustable suspension, and a two-seat cabin.
                                                                                                         The black-with-red-accents livery is one of two Laguna
                                                                                                                    Seca colors, the other being silver with red.

                                                       iven how enthusiastically Ford        ting crowded. After all, the Mustang GT is newly forti-
                                                       has mined the Mustang’s rich his-     fied with 412 hp from its recently introduced 5.0-liter
                                                       tory, it was only a matter of time    engine, and the Mustang Shelby GT500 pounds out
                                                       before we would see the Boss          550 hp from its supercharged 5.4-liter V-8. So one
                                                       nameplate again. Well, the time       might reasonably wonder where the Boss 302 fits in.
                                                       has come: Ford rolled out the new        The short answer is: between the two, in both
                                                       Mustang Boss 302 (for static dis-     price and performance. But the more in-depth an-
                                                       play only) at the historic races at   swer is that this car isn’t supposed to be merely an
                TIM ANDREW        Mazda Raceway Laguna Seca in California. The car will      intermediate step in a hierarchy of hopped-up Mus-
     VINTAGE PERFORMANCE          rumble into dealerships next spring as a 2012 model.       tangs; it’s actually something racier, more hard-core,
           AUTO SALES AND
              RESTORATION            The corral of high-performance Mustangs is get-         and really, really cool.

  52           Automobile | November 2010

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    Like its 1969 namesake—which was essentially a           formance first and handling second. Instead, the dic-
street version of the SCCA Trans-Am race car—the             tum with the Boss was to create “the best-handling
new Boss 302 was designed with an eye toward the             Mustang ever.” Mustang engineers also aimed to in-
track. That’s particularly true of the Boss 302 Laguna       crease power output not with a heavy—though e ec-
Seca edition, a limited-production, streetable track ver-    tive—supercharger, but instead by getting the 5.0-liter
sion that tosses out the back seats in favor of additional   V-8 to rev more freely. They also wanted to give it more
body sti eners and features an even more extreme             power in the upper rev ranges, consistent with how the
chassis setup.                                               Boss will likely be used on a track.
    Both the standard Boss 302 and the Laguna Seca               Thus, changes to the 5.0-liter V-8 were not just to
move the Mustang away from a traditional, Detroit-           increase its output but also to alter its nature. Not sur-
style muscle car that is focused on 0-to-60-mph per-         prisingly, the modifications are extensive. There’s a

                                                                                                        November 2010 |   53
new intake manifold and
ported cylinder heads for
better breathing. An en-
gine oil cooler, a lighter-
weight valvetrain, forged
(rather than cast) alumi-
num pistons, and forged
connecting rods are de-
signed to handle higher
engine speeds. Ford engi-
neers used the Boss 302R
racing car as a develop-
ment test bed, and, based
on their experience at the
track, they revised the
road car’s radiator to im-
prove engine cooling and
added ba es to the oil
pan to prevent oil starva-
tion. The net result of all
these changes is an en-
gine redline that has
                               Power output of the Boss V-8 increases to 412 hp and the redline rises to 7500 rpm. There are no back seats in
been raised by 500 rpm
                               the Laguna Seca version, and Recaro front buckets are standard (they’re optional in the regular Boss).
to 7500 rpm and an in-
crease in power output
from 412 hp to 440 hp at                             upgraded. Brake lines have been sti ened                         Ford likes to say that the Boss isn’t just
7500 rpm—at a cost of 10 lb-ft of peak               to improve pedal feel. The Laguna Seca ad-                  a sticker-and-wheel package. True enough,
torque, with the Boss 302’s V-8 rated at             ditionally receives front brake-cooling                     but that doesn’t mean that exterior graph-
380 lb-ft at 4500 rpm.                               ducts—they’re available as an accessory for                 ics have been ignored. Indeed, the huge
    One of the more interesting aspects of           the standard Boss 302.                                      C-stripe on the side is an unmistakable
the Boss engine is its exhaust system. Sup-              As expected, the Boss features firmer                    homage to the original 1969 Boss. The
plementing the standard Mustang GT’s                 springs, antiroll bars, and suspension bush-                stripe color (black or white) is repeated on
dual exhausts are two additional pipes that          ings, but the car takes the driver-tunable                  the hood and the roof. Additional exterior
exit just ahead of the rear wheels. These            racing aspect one step further with manu-                   design elements include a front splitter, a
side exhaust outlets incorporate metal               ally adjustable front and rear dampers. The                 rear wing, and a grille with blanked-out
discs that keep the sound at legal levels—           fronts are accessible from under the hood                   foglight holes (why not just design a new
but they are removable, should the owner             and the rears from in the trunk; drivers can                grille?). Body colors are red, blue, orange,
want something louder. The Boss is plenty            use a screwdriver to select one of five sti -                yellow, or white. The Laguna Seca gets red
vocal even with the discs in place, as the in-       ness settings. Position 1 is equivalent to a                graphics, with additional color splashes on
duction sound tube has been retuned and              GT with the Brembo brake package, while                     the grille surround and mirror caps. Its
eleven pounds of sound deadening have                positions 2 through 5 are progressively                     base body colors are black or silver only. It
been stripped out.                                   sti er. The Laguna Seca’s softest setting (1)               also has more extreme aero aids, taken di-
    The engine sends power rearward via              matches the Boss 302’s firmest setting (5).                  rectly from the 302R racing car.
an upgraded clutch with a steel-backed               The steering e ort is also driver-adjust-                        Inside, the Boss’s look is subtle—at least
disc and a short-throw, close-ratio six-             able. Electric power steering was intro-                    in the standard car. (In the Laguna Seca,
speed manual (no automatic is available).            duced with the 2011 model year, and as in                   it’s hard to miss the giant X-brace where
Whereas the Mustang GT has a 3.31:1 fi-               the Mustang GT, drivers can choose among                    the back seats used to be.) Recaro front
nal-drive ratio, the Boss gets a 3.73:1 unit,        three e ort levels. Similarly, the traction                 buckets, from the GT500, are standard in
with carbon-fiber friction plates in its lim-         and stability control systems include a                     the Laguna Seca and optional in the Boss
ited slip; a Torsen rear axle is standard on         competition mode that allows greater drift                  302. The steering wheel is wrapped in Al-
the Laguna Seca model and is optional                angles, or they can be shut o entirely.                     cantara, and there’s dark metallic trim.
(bundled with Recaro seats) on the regular               The tire and wheel package consists of                  The Laguna Seca adds a gauge pack with
Boss 302.                                            nineteen-inch aluminum alloys for both                      water temperature, oil pressure, and a
    Any car expecting to see racetrack duty          cars. The Boss 302 wheels, painted black,                   multifunction readout for quarter-mile
needs serious brakes, and so the Boss up-            are nine inches wide in the front and                       times, lateral g’s, and such (the multifunc-
grades from the Mustang GT’s 13.2-inch               9.5 inches in the rear and are wrapped in                   tion readout, at least, should be on the reg-
front discs to the GT500’s fourteen-inch             Pirelli PZero rubber; the Laguna Seca                       ular Boss, too). There’s also a new gauge
vented front discs and four-piston Brembo            wheels are another half-inch wider in                       cluster with the tachometer redlined at
calipers. The GT’s standard 11.8-inch rear           back, are finished in orange and silver, and                 7500 rpm and a 180-mph speedometer.
rotors are retained, but the pad material is         use R-compound PZeros.                                           The latter is indicative of the Boss 302’s

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                                                                                                                                                10    MUSTANGS
                                                                                                                                                                  [ever]                                                 MUSTANG

                                                                                                                                                    n any endeavor that’s been ongoing for
                                                                                                                                                    nearly fifty years, there are some highs
                                                                                                                                                    and some lows. In the case of the Ford
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          NOVEMBER 28
                                                                                                                                                    Mustang, there definitely have been some
                                                                                                                                                    low points—the utterly emasculating                                       SCCA divisional
                                                                    higher top speed—155 mph (same as the                                           ’74 Mustang II Ghia, the comically garish                            champions from all over
                                                                    GT500), versus 145 mph for the Mustang                                          ’78 Mustang II King Cobra, the tragically                            the country assemble at
                                                                    GT. Ford is otherwise being coy with re-                                        wimpy ’81 ’Stang with its 115-hp V-8—but                               Daytona International
                                                                    gard to the car’s specific performance ca-                          they’ve been outnumbered by the highs. Herewith                                       Speedway for the
                                                                    pabilities, except to say that the Boss 302                        are our picks for the top ten Mustangs of all time—a                               American Road Race of
                                                                    should be good for 1 g of lateral grip and                         blatantly subjective call, we’ll admit. We tried to look                            Champions. Seven of
                                                                    the Laguna Seca capable of 1.03 g. We ex-                          at the cars in the context of their era, and thus our list                               the entries in
                                                                    pect the Boss to shave a fraction of a sec-                        has Mustangs from throughout the model’s history.                                     B-Production are
                                                                    ond o the GT’s 0-to-60-mph run, since it                           That last point is testament to the fact that, through                            R model versions of the
                                                                    weighs about the same but adds another                             good sales periods and bad, Ford has never given up                                    Shelby Mustang
                                                                    28 hp. But this car is more about track                            on the Mustang. After Ford created the pony car, the                                GT350—factory-built

                                                                    times than straight-line sprints, and one                          Mustang was deluged with competitors, but only the                                 race cars sold through
                                                                    performance spec that Mustang engineers                            Mustang has been in continuous production right up                                   Ford dealerships for
                                                                    were not shy about touting was their claim                         to the present day, and it is stronger now than ever.                              $5995. East Coast stud
                                                                    that the Boss 302 can beat a BMW M3                                That alone is something to celebrate.                                             Mark Donohue (in a rare
                                                                    around the Laguna Seca road course. If                                                                                                                 appearance in a Ford)
                                                                    that proves to be true, they will have cre-                                                                                                           puts his GT350 on the
                                                                    ated a serious road racer that not only pays                          By Rusty Blackwell, Joe DeMatio, Joe Lorio, Evan McCausland, Mike              pole, slower only than a
                                                                    homage to the Boss Mustang legend but                                Ofiara, and Eric Tingwall, with special assistance from Jim Campisano,              full-boat 427 Cobra
                                                                    writes a whole new chapter. AM                                         the editorial director at Muscle Mustangs & Fast Fords magazine               racing in A-Prod. But he
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          blows a tire in the race
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              and West Coast
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Jerry Titus gives the
                                                                                                    HOLLYWOOD HORSES: THE MUSTANG ON FILM                                                                                     Mustang its first
                                                                                                    Ford’s seminal pony car is no stranger to the screen, having appeared in                                             national championship.
                                                                                                    countless TV shows and more than 500 feature films. Credit likely goes as                                                The GT350 romps to
                                                                                                    much to the car’s instantly recognizable shape as its historic importance. Here                                          two more titles in
                                                                          MOVIES                    are five of the model’s most soul-stirring appearances. — Sam Smith
                                                                                                    ar                                                                                                                          1966 and ’67.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          — Preston Lerner
                                                                    Goldfinger (1964): You know it by heart: Pussy Galore, a gold-painted woman, and the world’s most
                                                                    famous Aston Martin. The Aston gets all the glory, but Goldfinger was the Mustang’s first appearance in a
                                                                    major motion picture. Tania Mallet’s Tilly Masterson used a white ’64½ convertible to trail Sean Connery’s
                                                                    James Bond through the Swiss Alps. Sexy, subtle, and more ’60s swagger than a Mad Men martini lunch.

                                                                                                                                                                                                       November 2010 |     55
1965                                                                                                                            M
                                                                                                                                                       onths after launch-
                                                                                                                                                       ing the Mustang in
                                                                                                                                                       the spring of 1964, ex-
                                               SHELBY GT350                                                                                            ecutives had the itch
                                                                                                                                                       to go racing with their
                                                                                                                                                       new pony car. Early at-
                                                                                                                                tempts to field the Mustang in the SCCA’s
                                                                                                                                B-Production competition failed, so Carroll
                                                                                                                                Shelby—who was already stu ng Ford en-
                                                                                                                                gines into his successful Cobra race cars—was
                                                                                                                                called in to help. Shelby’s team extensively
                                                                                                                                reworked the chassis. For the front suspen-
                                                                                                                                sion, upper control arms were lowered to
                                                                                                                                improve suspension geometry, and a thicker,
                                                                                                                                one-inch antiroll bar, as well as a one-piece
                                                                                                                                shock-tower brace, were installed. At the
                                                                          BASE PRICE: $4547                                     rear, new traction bars curbed axle hop. Ad-
                                                                          ENGINE: 289-cubic-inch (4.7L) OHV V-8                 justable Koni dampers all around completed
                                                                          306 hp @ 6000 rpm                                     the package. These measures were espe-
                                                                          329 lb-ft @ 4200 rpm                                  cially useful since the already potent 289-cu-
                                                                          0–60 MPH: 7.0 sec
                                                                          TOTAL BUILT: 521
                                                                                                                                bic-inch V-8, which normally churned out
                                                                                                                                271 hp, was tuned to 306 ponies by means of

[ 22,000                                                                                                    ]
                                                                                                                                a new intake manifold, a large Holley four-
                                                         the number of Mustangs                                                 barrel carb, and tubular headers.
                                                         ordered on the first day                                                    Development work began on the car
                                                         the car went on sale                                                   in August 1964, and production began

                                                                                                                                the week before Christmas. In one week,
                   fter promoting the development of the Ca-                                                                    Shelby American built twelve cars; in two,
                   maro Z28 during his tenure at Chevrolet,                             BASE PRICE: $3500 (1969)
                                                                                                                                it had built 100 examples—enough for
                                                                                        ENGINE: 302-cubic-inch                  SCCA o cials to sign o on the car. The
                   Ford president (and GM turncoat) Semon
                                                                                        (4.9L) OHV V-8                          GT350 quickly became a dominant player
                   “Bunkie” Knudsen insisted Ford needed a
                                                                                        290 hp @ 5800 rpm                       in the B-Production class, winning national
                   Mustang that could go toe-to-toe with his                            290 lb-ft @ 4300 rpm                    championships for the next three years and
                   prior creation and compete in Trans-Am                               0–60 MPH: 6.9 sec                       helping establish the Mustang’s perfor-
racing. Along with a beefier block, Ford’s 302-cubic-inch V-8                            TOTAL BUILT: 8641
                                                                                                                                mance cred.
was treated to forged pistons and a high-rise intake manifold,
and enlarged valves helped deliver additional high-end
power. Engineers added wider tires,
                                                                          BOSS 302

sti er springs, heavy-duty dampers, and
a larger antiroll bar in front (a rear bar
was added for 1970), plus a quicker steer-
ing box. Designer Larry Shinoda (an-
other GM expatriate) added a blacked-
out hood and deck lid, large C-shaped
stripes, rear window louvers, and an ag-
gressive chin spoiler.
    Ford launched the Boss 302—possi-
bly named for its awesome power, wild
looks, or as a nod to Bunkie himself—in
the second half of 1969 and sold 1628 ex-
amples, more than enough to homolo-
gate the car for racing. Ford failed to
clinch a Trans-Am title that year (it did
in 1970), but Boss 302 customers were
the true winners: with a few mild modi-
fications, they owned a factory-built race
car—albeit with a complete interior.


                   Five factory-supported Mustangs show up for the Winternationals at Pomona packing brand-new
      FEBRUARY 4

                   428 Cobra Jet engines—hi-po versions of the big-blocks found in Police Interceptors. Drag-racing
                   legends Gas Ronda and Don Nicholson lose early, but Al Joniec beats Hubert Platt in an all-Mustang
                   Super Stock Eliminator final while clocking 11.59 seconds at 113.06 mph, then shuts down a Mopar to
                   take the overall Super Stock title. In ad copy, Ford dubs the Cobra Jet “the fastest running pure stock in
                   the history of man.” Hyperbole? Maybe, but Cobra Jets are still winning drag races to this day. —PL

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                                                         MUSTANG 428 COBRA JET

               rom the era of glorious BASE PRICE: $3110        built.” Under the ram-air hood was a
               muscle-car excess comes ENGINE: 428-cubic-inch 428-cubic-inch V-8 whose special
               the 428 Cobra Jet. Intro- (7.0L) OHV V-8         features included low-rise heads
               duced in April of 1968, 335 hp @ 5400 rpm        patterned after the 427, a variant of
                                           440 lb-ft @ 3400 rpm
               the 428 CJ was the brain- 0–60 MPH: 5.5 sec      the Police Interceptor intake, and a
               child of Robert F. Tasca, TOTAL BUILT: 2870      Holley four-barrel. Ford rated the
an influential Ford dealer from Rhode                            engine at a demure 335 hp, but the                        RACING
Island. It was a drag-race winner from its first true figure was somewhere north of 400 hp. Power

event (the NHRA Winternationals, in February front disc brakes, a nine-inch rear end, and a
1968) and is still winning NHRA Stock and Super heavy-duty suspension helped round out the pack-
Stock races today. And it’s been a legend on the age, which was o ered on all three body styles.
                                                                                                                          OCTOBER 4
street since day one. After recording a 13.6-second Honorable mention goes to the ’69 Mach 1 with
quarter mile at 107 mph in a test of a Cobra Jet the Super Cobra Jet option and Shaker hood, as it
                                                                                                                            The pony car wars
prototype, Hot Rod magazine proclaimed it “prob- is in our opinion the best-looking Mustang ever
                                                                                                                       achieve their apotheosis
ably the fastest regular-production sedan ever and an equal performer to the ’68 ∕ .
                                                                                                                          during the Trans-Am
                                                                                                                            finale at Riverside
                            Bullitt (1968): Bullitt’s iconic chase scene lasts                                          International Raceway.
                            eight minutes and shows a Steve McQueen–helmed                                                    With Mustangs
                           ’68 GT390 and a ’68 Dodge Charger R/T hammering                                                    campaigned by
                         across San Francisco. McQueen bounces off parked cars,                                              stock-car legend
                               catches air, and generally wreaks steely-eyed,                                           Bud Moore for Parnelli
                          burnout-ridden havoc. Type “coolest movie chase” into                                             Jones and George
     MOVIES                       YouTube, and this is what you get. — SS                                                    Follmer, Ford has

                                                                                                                          already clinched the
                                                                                                                          manufacturer’s title
                 he Mustang may be an all-American              declared the SVO to be the best-handling Mustang
                                                                                                                           over factory-backed
                 muscle machine, but Ford’s Special             ever built, but consumers barely budged, no doubt
                                                                                                                         teams from Chevrolet
                 Vehicle Operations team gave the               due to the lack of eight cylinders under the SVO’s
                                                                                                                            (Camaro), Dodge
                 pony car a European twist for 1984.            hood. Ford dropped the price in 1985 and bumped
                                                                                                                        (Challenger), Plymouth
                 Electing to improve handling in-               power to 205 hp and 240 lb-ft of torque—nearly
                                                                                                                          (Barracuda), Pontiac
                 stead of simply adding power, the              equaling the output of the 4.9-liter V-8—but the
                                                                                                                       (Firebird), and American
group made a number of modifications to help the                 $6000 premium over a GT still stifled SVO sales.
                                                                                                                        Motors (Javelin). In the
Fox-body Mustang dance, including sti er springs                Only 9844 examples were built over three years, far
                                                                                                                       race, Jones is punted off
and bushings, four-wheel disc brakes, and adjust-               short of the 10,000-unit annual sales rate Ford ini-
                                                                                                                       course by a backmarker
able Koni dampers at each corner. To keep weight                tially planned.

                                                                                                                        while leading. Rejoining
balanced, SVO ditched the traditional V-8 in
                                                                                                                        the field in ninth place,
favor of—believe it or not—a 175-hp, 2.3-liter
                                                                                                                       he careens to a runaway
turbocharged four-cylinder, which was paired
                                                                                                                         victory in his savaged
with a five-speed manual gearbox. Die-hard
                                                                                                                                                    BULLITT: WARNER BROS./GETTY IMAGES

                                                                                                                        Mustang and takes the
autocrossers could also spring for the Com-
petition Prep package, which stripped the car                                           MUSTANG SVO                      unofficial driver’s title
                                                                                                                          from Mark Donohue,
of air-conditioning, power windows and locks,
                                                                                                                       driving a Roger Penske–
and a stereo to shave weight. Car magazines
                                                                                                                       prepared Javelin. — PL
          BASE PRICE: $15,585 (1984)
          ENGINE: 2.3L turbocharged SOHC I-4
          175–205 hp @ 4000–5000 rpm
          210–240 lb-ft @ 3000–3200 rpm
          0–60 MPH: 7.2 sec
          TOTAL BUILT: 9844

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[ VIN 5F08F100001                       The first Mustang’s serial number:
                   he 302-cubic-inch V-8 made famous
                   by the 1969–70 Mustang Boss 302
                   lingered through most of the dark
                   years of the 1970s and early ’80s, but
                   the powerplant had been severely
                   stifled by emissions controls. For the
1987 model year, however, Ford dutifully reawakened                                                         MOVIES
both the Mustang and the 302 (a.k.a. “five-oh”) with
                                                                                                       Diamonds Are
an aerodynamic face-lift and a 25-hp bump, respec-
                                                                                                       Forever (1971):
tively. The result was the LX 5.0 that countless Mus-
                                                                                                       Diamonds is the weakest
tang fans covet to this day.
                                                                                                       of the early Bond films, a

    Like the purest muscle cars of the ’60s, the 5.0 LX
                                                                                                       ’70s clunker that suffers
had a big engine in a compact, relatively a ordable,
                                                                                                       from phoned-in
bare-bones package. It lacked the fancier trim and
                                                                                                       performances and a
bodywork of its upmarket GT brother, but it was also
                                                                                                       predictable plot. Its
quite a bit lighter. True weight watch-
                                                                                                       saving grace comes when
ers, though, ordered their LX 5.0 as a BASE PRICE: $10,156 (1987)
                                                                                                       Jill St. John (below) and a         MUSTANG COBRA
notchback, which was about sixty ENGINE: 4.9L OHV V-8
                                          225 hp @ 4200 rpm                                            graying Sean Connery
pounds trimmer than a similar hatch-

                                          300 lb-ft @ 3200 rpm                                         elude the police in a ’71
back and a couple hundred pounds 0–60 MPH: 6.4 sec
                                                                                                       Mach 1. At one point, the
lighter than a convertible LX 5.0.        TOTAL BUILT: 196,185                                                                                           he old Fox-chassis Mus-
                                                                                                       car traverses a narrow
    The highest-volume car on our                                                                                                                        tangs, which debuted
                                                                                                       alley on two wheels, only
list—and still the king of many a high-school parking                                                                                                    for 1979, weren’t known
                                                                                                       to defy physics and leave
lot—is highly modifiable, too. Stock or modified, then                                                                                                     for their sophistication,
                                                                                                       the alley on the other two.
or now, the LX 5.0’s budget-minded straight-line                                                                                                         but the 1993 Mustang
                                                                                                       Who needs reality—or
speed harks back to the Mustang’s earliest days.                                                                                                         Cobra began changing
                                                                                                       good acting—when you’ve
                                                                                                                                        that. The car was developed by the
                                                                                                       got a roaring V-8? — SS
                                                                                                                                        true-blue enthusiasts at SVT (Ford’s
                                                                                                                                        Special Vehicle Team), who took a ho-
                                                                                                                                        listic approach in moving the Mustang
                                                                                                                                        away from its one-dimensional muscle-
                                                                                                                                                               car identity and
                                                                                                                                     BASE PRICE: $20,747       making it more of
                                                                                                                                     ENGINE: 4.9L OHV V-8      an all-around driv-
                                                                                                                                     235 hp @ 4600 rpm
                                                                                                                                                               er’s car. The sus-
                                                                                                                                     280 lb-ft @ 3800 rpm
                                                                                                                                     0–60 MPH: 6.0 sec         pension was actu-
                                                                                                                                     TOTAL BUILT: 4993         ally softened, but
                                                                                                                                                               it made the han-
                                                                                                                                        dling more progressive and the ride
                                                                                                                                        more refined. The steering and the
                                                                                                                                        clutch were reworked, the brakes were
                                                                                                                                        improved, and the tires—245/45ZR-17s
                                                                                                                                        on 7.5-inch wheels—were the largest

                                                                                                                                        ever fitted to a Mustang. Roush Engi-
                                                                                                                                                                                     JILL ST. JOHN: UNITED ARTISTS/ARCHIVE PHOTOS/GETTY IMAGES

                                                                                                                                        neering massaged the 4.9-liter V-8 en-
                                                                                                                                        gine with GT40 cylinder heads, imbu-
                                                                                                                                        ing it with 235 hp, enough to bring the

  MUSTANG LX 5.0                                                                                                                        0-to-60-mph time down to six seconds
                                                                                                                                        flat. And the car’s newfound sophisti-
                                                                                                                                        cation was reflected on the outside as
RACING                                                                                                                                  well, where the SVT team stripped o
                                                                                                                                        four fake air scoops, creating the clean-

                    The two top Ford drag racers of the era face off in the Pro Stock finals at the U.S. Nationals at Indianapolis

                                                                                                                                        est-looking Mustang of its era. The ’93
                    Raceway Park—twice and future king Bob Glidden in a Pinto and Dyno Don Nicholson in a Mustang II
                                                                                                                                        Mustang Cobra is easily the most col-
                    motivated by a 351-cubic-inch Cleveland V-8. Nicholson usually concentrated on match racing; in
                                                                                                                                        lectible Fox-chassis Mustang and was
                    match-race trim, his Mustang was the first Pro Stocker to dip into seven-second territory. But this year,
                                                                                                                                        the first real sign of the change in di-
                    he’s running the full NHRA schedule, and he outpaces Glidden at Indy to secure his only national title.
                                                                                                                                        rection for the Mustang that continues
                    Glidden goes on to win eight more Pro Stock championships—but none in a Mustang. — PL
                                                                                                                                        to this day.

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                        MUSTANG COBRA R
                                         s you may have guessed, the R here is for racing, and although the Cobra
                                         R was actually street legal, this car was absolutely intended for track use.
                                         Ford was so serious about seeing the Cobra R on the track (rather than in
                                         collectors’ climate-controlled garages) that it required buyers to have a
                                         competition license. The fact that only 250 exam-
                                         ples were built did indeed make the Cobra R collec- BASE PRICE: $34,999
                     tor bait, but the fact that the cars were seriously stripped-down ma- ENGINE: 5.8L OHV V-8
                                                                                                  300 hp @ 4800 rpm
                     chines made them true track stars. A comprehensive chassis upgrade 365 lb-ft @ 3750 rpm                                RACING
                     made the Cobra R race ready, and the car was factory-equipped with a 0–60 MPH: 5.2 sec
                     fuel cell. In a further testament to its seriousness of purpose, Ford TOTAL BUILT: 250
                     axed the air-conditioning, the radio, the sound insulation, and the back
                     seats. In place of the standard Cobra’s 240-hp, 4.9-liter V-8, Ford installed a 5.8-liter—bet-
                     ter known as the 351 Windsor—in a Mustang for the first time since 1973. Output was an
                                                                                                                                          1981  JUNE 14
                     even 300 hp, along with a healthy 365 lb-ft of torque; the bulging powerplant was topped
                     with a fiberglass hood.                                                                                                      After shunning
                         Reportedly, Ford made more money selling ’95 Cobra R fiberglass hoods and Cobra R                                      motorsports for a
                     wheels than it did on the 250 actual cars it produced.                                                               decade, Ford returns to
                                                                                                                                             road racing in style.
                                                                                                                                          Michael Kranefuss, head

                     A                                                  2000
                                                                                                                                              of the new Special
                                         lthough the exterior styl-                                                                           Vehicle Operations
                                         ing of the 2000 Mustang                                                                           skunk works, imports a
                                         Cobra R was questioned                                                                           turbocharged Zakspeed
                                         by the Mustang faithful,
                                         the massive rear wing
                                                                        MUSTANG COBRA R                                                    Capri sedan racer from
                                                                                                                                           Germany and reskins it
                                         and the front splitter are                                                                             as a Mustang. At
                     something of an icon ten years later. While                                                                           Brainerd International
                     some people remember the 2000 R for its                                                                                   Raceway, German
                     looks, however, more remember it for its                                                                             hot-shoe Klaus Ludwig
                     performance.                                                                                                              torches a pack of
                         Under the bulbous hood, Ford shoe-                                                                                  Porsche 935s in the
                     horned a monster 5.4-liter DOHC V-8 into                                                                               IMSA Camel GT race.
                     an engine bay designed for a 4.6-liter. No                                                                              Five months later, in
                     forced induction here: the normally aspi-                                                                               another tube-frame
                     rated engine featured forged aluminum pis-                                                                                Mustang at Sears
                     tons that bumped the compression ratio up the new-millennium R included sti er                                         Point—this one with a
                     from 8.8:1 to 9.6:1. With modified internals, Eibach springs, Bilstein dampers, re-                                    honking V-8—Tom Gloy
                     a larger intake system, and a free-flowing vamped bushings, and BFGoodrich perfor-                                         gives Ford its first
                     side-exit exhaust, the engine kicked out an mance rubber. Bringing the 3590-pound                                      victory in the modern
                     impressive 385 hp and 385 lb-ft                        pony to a halt were Brembo                                     Trans-Am. Three years
                     of torque, which was good BASE PRICE: $53,900          four-piston calipers up front                                    later, Gloy becomes
                     enough to rocket this beast to ENGINE: 5.4L DOHC V-8   with carbon-fiber cooling ducts.                                   Ford’s first modern
                     60 mph in just 4.4 seconds.        385 hp @ 5700 rpm   The overall package was exhil-                                    Trans-Am champ—
                         The Cobra R also featured 385 lb-ft @ 4500 rpm     arating, and we went as far as                                    ironically driving a
                                                        0–60 MPH: 4.4 sec
                     a six-speed Tremec manual TOTAL BUILT: 300             calling the 2000 Cobra R “a                                          Capri. — PL
                     transmission and deep Recaro                           raw, exciting machine that is
                     bucket seats. In true race-spec                        easily the best Mustang we’ve
                     form, engineers removed the air-condi- driven” in May 2000. Only 300 units were
                     tioner, stereo, rear seats, and sound-dead- produced, making this Cobra R one of the
                     ening material. Chassis improvements on rarest Mustangs ever made.

                                                                                                                        November 2010 |     61
                                                                                               Gone in 60
                                                                                               Seconds (2000):
                                                                                               The movie that launched                   Fast Mustangs. By Alex Gabbard;
                                                                                               a thousand clones.                        Gabbard Publications, 1990.

                                                                                               Retired car thief Nicolas                 Softcover, 192 pages. Out of print
                                                                                               Cage is tasked with                       Fast Mustangs is a comprehensive
                                                                                               stealing fifty cars in                     guide to all forms of Mustang
                                                                                               twenty-four hours, one of                 racing from 1964 to 1990. This
                                                                                               which is an elusive ’67                   softcover book provides an
  MUSTANG BULLITT GT                                                                           Shelby GT500 known as
                                                                                                                                         in-depth look at everything from
                                                                                                                                         drag racing to Trans-Am road

                                                                                               “Eleanor.” The film was a                  racing, with designated sections
                                                                                               remake of a ’70s picture                  that focus on the Shelby and Boss
                   t the 2000 Los Angeles auto show,
                                                                                               that featured a similar                   years. Complete with a full-color
                   Ford unveiled a concept version of
                                                                                               Mustang, but the modern                   section featuring both street and
                   its recently revised Mustang called
                                                                                               effort offered better eye                 racing Mustangs.
                   the Bullitt, inspired by the 1968
                                                                                               candy and ferocious,
                   movie of the same name starring
                                                                                               ear-melting sound. — SS

                   Steve McQueen. In our two-page
report on the show, we never mentioned the Bullitt,
instead devoting ink to the likes of the Daewoo Ko-
rando, the Pontiac Aztek, and the Subaru ST-X con-
cept. Thankfully, Mustang fans—both those old
enough to remember McQueen’s Mustang GT390                                                            SHELBY GT500
dicing with a Dodge Charger through the streets of
San Francisco and those younger ones for whom the
Bullitt concept served as a cinematic
and automotive history lesson—clam- BASE PRICE: $26,830
ored for a production version, and ENGINE: 4.6L SOHC V-8
Mustang engineers quickly got to 265 hp @ 5250 rpm
                                          305 lb-ft @ 4000 rpm
work. We were at the media preview 0–60 MPH: 5.6 sec
held in—where else?—San Francisco TOTAL BUILT: 5582
in May 2001 and drove a green Bullitt
GT on some of the same streets
McQueen had thirty-three years earlier. Although we
didn’t launch our Bullitt test car to the altitude seen
above, the drive route through the city and to Santa
Cruz gave us plenty of time to appreciate the advan-
tages the Bullitt had over the stock Mustang GT, and
they weren’t just cosmetic. The car rode 0.75 inch
lower and had Tokico dampers, thicker rear and thin-
ner front antiroll bars, and 13.0-inch front brake ro-
tors from the SVT Cobra. The V-8’s output was barely
changed, but the torque curve was flatter. A menac-
ing exhaust note completed the picture of the coolest
non-SVT Mustang to have come along in years.


                    On a damp track, Tommy Kendall sticks his Mustang on the pole, clocks the fastest race lap, and leads the most

                    laps at Mosport Park en route to winning his eleventh consecutive Trans-Am race and third consecutive
                    Trans-Am championship. This remarkable performance puts a capstone on the equally impressive road-racing
                    career of former Mustang drag-racer Jack Roush. After campaigning the ex-Zakspeed Capri in 1982, Roush
                    creates a Ford-backed juggernaut that dominates Trans-Am and IMSA GT, scoring nine straight class wins in the
                    24 Hours of Daytona—usually racing Mustangs—before focusing on more lucrative pastures in NASCAR. — PL

62   Automobile | November 2010

                                                       True PDF release: storemags & fantamag
                                                                                          storemags & fantamag - magazines for all

                                     Mustang: Forty Years.                  The Complete Book of                       Ford: The Dust and the Glory,
                                     By Randy Leffingwell;                   Mustang. By Mike Mueller;                  A Racing History. By Leo Levine;
                                     Motorbooks, 2003. Hardcover,           Motorbooks, 2007. Hardcover,               SAE International, 2001. Hardcover,
                                     384 pages. $50                         348 pages. $55                             1108 pages (two volumes). $70
                                     Leffingwell’s work features             This compilation is good for quick         The book pictured above is the first
                                     beautiful color photos and a           and easy-to-find information and            of two volumes and revisits Ford’s
                                     thorough history of the Ford           is presented in a magazine-style           extensive motorsports history from
                                     Mustang from its birth through         format. Covering all Mustangs              1901 to 1967 (volume two covers
                                     2003. Focusing mainly on               from a 1962 prototype to the               1968 to 2000). These must-have
                                     street-legal cars, the book            2007 GT500, it features large              tomes are known for their coverage
                                     covers all special-edition             color photos, a brief what’s               of Ford’s great successes at Le Mans,
                                     Mustangs, including pace cars          what about the nameplate, and              but they also cover every form of                             RACING
                                     and police units, with great           complete specifications for each            Mustang racing, from Trans-Am to

                                     attention to detail.                   model, including original prices.          IMSA to NHRA.

                                                                                                                                                                                   FEBRUARY 4
                                                        he nine other Mustangs                          Blistering straight-line acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                 Like the GT350 before it,
                                                        on this list have earned                    from today’s most expensive Mustang is a
                                                                                                                                                                                    Ford’s latest factory
                                                        their places here—and in                    given, but the GT500’s best trait is its bal-
                                                                                                                                                                                   racer—the FR500C—
                                                        the hearts of enthusiasts—                  ance at the limits of adhesion. The new-
                                                                                                                                                                                 scores a victory right out
                                                        with timeless looks and                     for-2011 aluminum block strips 102 pounds
                                                                                                                                                                                      of the box, in the
                                                        serious capability for their                from the nose, transforming the handling
                                                                                                                                                                                Grand-Am Cup 200, when
                                     day. Yet no Mustang endears itself to the                      from sensitive to obliging. Yaw can still be
                                                                                                                                                                                  Tom Nastasi and Ian
                                     right foot quite like the 2011 Shelby GT500,                   readily controlled by throttle or brake ap-
                                                                                                                                                                                 James hold off a second
                                     the pinnacle of pony performance. With                         plication, but the 2011 Shelby GT500 is
                                                                                                                                                                                    Mustang at Daytona
                                     modern engineering and a healthy respect                       more forgiving when manhandled and
                                                                                                                                                                                 International Speedway.
                                     for history, Ford has delivered a car that                     more rewarding when properly massaged.
                                                                                                                                                                                 The Mustang goes on to
                                     accelerates, brakes, and turns like no Mus-                        Ford has lost its way more than once
                                                                                                                                                                                  win the manufacturer’s
                                     tang before while capitalizing on the car’s                    during its forty-six years of
                                                                                                                                                                                 championship, humbling
                                     iconic styling.                                                building the Mustang. In BASE PRICE: $49,495
                                                                                                                                                                                  BMW M3s and Porsche
                                         At the core of the GT500 is a super-                       fact, the original 1967 GT500 ENGINE: 5.4L
                                                                                                                                                                                   911s, and then earns
                                     charged, 5.4-liter V-8 good for 550 hp with                    was watered down from the supercharged DOHC V-8
                                                                                                                                   550 hp @ 6200 rpm                               another title in 2008.
                                     510 lb-ft of torque available at 4250 rpm                      first 1965 Shelby. Much of 510 lb-ft @ 4250 rpm
                                                                                                                                                                                       Delivered as a
                                     ( jumps of 50 hp and 30 lb-ft versus the                       the $1000 premium went to- 0–60 MPH: 4.2 sec
                                                                                                                                                                                     body-in-white, the
                                     GT500 that debuted for 2007). Channeled                        ward exterior embellish- TOTAL PLANNED: 5500
                                                                                                                                                                                  FR500C inspires a new
                                     through a tight, sti , six-speed manual, the                   ments rather than mechani-
                                                                                                                                                                                generation of track-ready,
                                     V-8 reliably churns out 4.2-second runs to                     cal hardware, and the vast majority of the
                                                                                                                                                                                  factory-built race cars
                                     60 mph or two broad black strokes on the                       early GT500s were built with automatic
                                                                                                                                                                                  designed both for road
                                     pavement—your choice. The arrival of the                       transmissions. Thankfully, the modern car
                                                                                                                                                                                  racing (M-FR500-Boss
                                     striped snake is trumpeted through a new                       is a manual-only a air, and the 2011 Shelby
                                                                                                                                                                                    R1) and drag racing
                                     exhaust configuration that accents the                          GT500 makes few concessions to no-
                                                                                                                                                                                    (FR500CJ). And the
                                     deep, uneven rumble on acceleration and                        holds-barred performance. It is the best-

                                                                                                                                                                                  M-FR500-Boss R is now
                                     the sharp cracks on overrun.                                   driving Mustang yet.
                                                                                                                                                                                the basis of the one-make
                                                                                                                                                                                    Mustang Challenge
                                                                                                                                                                                       series. — PL
                                                                      I Am Legend (2007): There is one reason, and one
                                                                      reason only, to see this forgettable Will Smith end-of-days flick:
                                                                      Shortly after we discover that Smith is the last sane man on
                                                                      earth, we see him tear through a deserted Manhattan, foot to
                                                                      the floor, in an ’07 Shelby GT500. The supercharged V-8’s roar
                                          MOVIES                      echoes off the island’s empty canyons. Chills. — SS

                                                                                                                                                               November 2010 |      63
                                         TL SH-AWD shown. ©2010 Acura. Acura,TL, Advanced Compatibility Engineering and ACE are trademarks of Honda Motor Co., Ltd.

True PDF release: storemags & fantamag
             storemags & fantamag - magazines for all

Notice how you can feel the impact all the way through your hand? That’s because
your body naturally transfers energy from one part to another. This is similar
to how the Advanced Compatibility Engineering™ ( ACE ™) body structure works.
It enhances occupant protection in a frontal collision by transferring the crash
energy throughout the front of the vehicle and around the cabin. This reduces the
forces transferred to the passenger compartment — and the people inside it.
The ACE body structure in the Acura TL. The most innovative thinking you’ll find,
you’ll find in an Acura. To learn more, visit
                         Hyundai Equus

                       IN GOOD

                        Hyundai’s inexorable rise to the LUXE segment . | By Jamie Kitman

                                             nearly $60,000 Hyun-     ries–sized Genesis, 2009’s North Ameri-
                                             dai that will com-       can Car of the Year—continues apace.
                                             pete with the likes of   There is, save snob appeal and the occa-
                                             the BMW 7-series,        sional touch of design bravery, not much
                                             the Mercedes-Benz        in the new Equus for most buyers of large
                                             S-class, the Lexus       luxury conveyances to miss. Except cost.
                                             LS, and the Audi A8,     You can’t be too rich, but ostentation is
                                             which all cost con-      not always a plus these days, as the con-
                        siderably more? Laugh if you must, car        tinued sales and residual-value strength
                        guy, and then start mentally preparing        of Hyundai’s most recent move upmarket
                        yourself for the apology you’ll want to       (the one some said would never work),
                        have handy once you start seeing Hyundai      the Genesis, have shown.
                        Equuses shuttling their well-heeled own-          The Equus—with its rear-driven
                        ers around town. They laughed when            wheels, leather-lined cabin with vast ex-
                        Lexus sat down, too.                          panses of wood, and big 385-hp V-8—fits
                           We’re not here to tell you that the        the upper-luxury mold to a tee: fast, quiet,
                        vaunted German and Japanese giants have       capable. Four-wheel drive and more power
                        been displaced as the mother ships of lux-    come later, but for now it’s spacious, com-
                        ury sedan brands. We are saying, however,     fortable, and well screwed together. And
                        that the inexorable rise of Korea’s Hyun-     did we mention that it’s large, with acres
                        dai—from maker of entry-level economy         of rear-seat legroom?
                        cars to serious Accord/Camry competi-             Its exterior lines, the handiwork of the
                        tors to proud parent of the BMW 5-se-         company’s California design studio, are

66   Automobile | November 2010

                                       True PDF release: storemags & fantamag
                                              storemags & fantamag - magazines for all

                                                                                                                          A valet service, engaged
                                                                                                                           by iPad, laptop, phone,
                                                                                                                           or carrier pigeon, will
                                                     highly sculpted yet on reflection strangely                          arrange for the dealer to
                                                     anodyne. You’ll not be faulted here for
                                                                                                                         collect your car from you,
                                                     thinking it the product of another com-
                                                     pany, although you’ll be more likely to                              leaving a Genesis or an
                                                     guess Lexus than Audi, with which brand                             Equus loaner in its place.
                                                     it shares none of the spasmodic future-
                                                     forward design sensibility, inside or out,
                                                     nor the interior tactility. Even compared
                                                     with a Mercedes or a BMW, this is one
                                                     cold, sober ride. At least, unlike the first-
                                                     generation Equus (a joint venture with
                                                     Mitsubishi that debuted in 1999 but never
                                                     made it to America), this all-Hyundai ef-
                                                     fort isn’t a study in ugly.                                 assured them he’d take their entire antici-
                                                         Most at home on the open highway or                     pated first year’s supply (between 2000
                                                     sitting in tra c, where its massaging seats                 and 3000 cars).
Drivers won’t be disappointed, but the Equus         can be considered in earnest, the Equus                         While worthy, the Equus is a resolutely
belies its Korean heritage with its emphasis         still managed to acquit itself well on the                  conventional machine. By contrast, Hyun-
on the comfort of rear-seat passengers, which        mountain roads outside Palo Alto, Califor-                  dai, which has demonstrated a growing
in most ancient societies means the rich guy         nia. Large though it is on the outside, the                 flair for salesmanship, is taking the oppor-
paying the bills, not the kids. Exceptionally
                                                     big Hyundai seems to shrink when you’re                     tunity of its new flagship’s debut to ex-
complete controls highlight the console served
                                                     behind the wheel. With good grip, accept-                   plore a few cutting-edge marketing con-
up for the pleasure of those riding in the back.
                                                     able levels of body roll, and an agreeable                  cepts. Quality hardware and a full
                                                                                                                 complement of electronic gadgetry at
                                                                                                                 competitive prices will draw some to this
                                                                                                                 car, as will a best-in-the-business, ten-
                                                                                                                 year/100,000-mile powertrain warranty.
                                                                                                                 But Hyundai claims it will reel in a
                                                                                                                 younger and more switched-on customer
                                                                                                                 base than its competitors. How? For one
                                                                                                                 thing, Equus owners’ manuals won’t be
                                                                                                                 printed, they’ll be an iPad application to
                                                                                                                 be used on the free iPad given to every
                                                                                                                 buyer. You’re welcome, Steve Jobs.
                                                                                                                     A related benefit, beyond the iPad
                                                     six-speed automatic, the Equus driver                       hookup, will be the ability to arrange all
                                                     never feels like a sea captain. Of the auto-                service and repair work online. Indeed,
                                                     matic, it must be said that, while it helps                 Hyundai says that once you buy the car,
                                                     the heavy car serve up 24 mpg on the high-                  you’ll never have to go back to the dealer if
                                                     way, it comes up short compared with the                    you don’t feel like it. (Roughly 250 of the
                                                     class-leading eight-speed ZF found in                       company’s 800 dealers are authorized to
                                                     some of its expensive competition. A lack                   sell its top-of-the-line Equus.) A valet ser-
                                                     of paddle shifters underscores the Equus’s                  vice, engaged by iPad, laptop, phone, or
                                                     sedate mission.                                             carrier pigeon, will arrange for the dealer
                                                         Shaving 25 percent out of the price of a                to collect your car from you, leaving a Gen-
                                                     major luxury conveyance has to cost some-                   esis or an Equus loaner in its place.
                                                     thing. But its low cost, plus an unobtrusive                    We can only wonder what car thieves
                                                     demeanor and especially its spacious ac-                    will make of this iPad experiment. They’ll
                                                     commodations—available with a reclining                     have a much easier time boosting, and
                                                     rear seat with leg rests in the Ultimate                    then fencing, the computer tablet than the
                                                     package—make the Equus an obvious can-                      Equus’s mondo, seventeen-speaker stereo
                                                     didate for black-car service. Indeed, al-                   system, assuming they’re able to pry it
                                                     though the company claims that it is not                    from the car. But one thing is certain: the
                                                     interested in the airport-limo custom—                      fact that this luxury liner is a Hyundai
                                                     yet—a Hyundai executive admitted that                       won’t be their problem. It shouldn’t be
                                                     one New York Lincoln Town Car dealer                        yours, either. AM

               Buyers specifying the Ultimate trim lose seating for a third rear-seat passenger but gain a substantial center console, along with a fully reclining
               right-rear seat with a leg rest similar to a business-class airplane seat, as well as massaging and temperature-controlled seating surfaces.

                                                                                                                        November 2010 |             67
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    275/70   R- 16 130       235/60    R- 18XL 140   P255/55    R- 20 155            195/55   R- 15 83      215/55   R- 16 98        225/50   R- 18 159       235/60 R- 18XL 165          275/40 R- 20 223         P235/75 R- 15XL 119
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    235/65   R- 17XL 118     255/55    R- 18XL 159    275/45    R- 20XL 192                                                                                   215/70 R- 16 $130           235/65 R- 17X$149         235/55 R- 18 $161
   P235/70   R- 17XL 119    P255/65    R- 18 155     P275/55    R- 20 174           SP Winter Sport 3D                                                        235/70 R- 16 124            245/65 R- 17 156
   P235/75   R- 17 122      P255/70    R- 18 135     P275/60    R- 20 185            195/65   R- 15 $91     235/55 R- 17 $165        285/35 ZR- 18X$293       225/65 R- 17 141            265/70 R- 17 172
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                                                                                     205/60   R- 16 117     245/45 R- 17 163         295/30 ZR- 19XL 256
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                                                                                     215/65   R- 16 116     235/40 R- 18 205        RFT (Runflat)              205/50    R- 17 167         235/55    R- 17XL 192     245/45    R- 18XL 235
    235/45 R- 18 $169        265/45 R- 21 $301                                                                                                                215/50    R- 17 190         245/45    R- 17XL 209     245/40    R- 19XL 275
                                                                                     225/55   R- 16 131     235/40 ZR- 18XL 210      175/60 R- 16 $139
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   Blizzak LM-25                                                                     205/50   R- 17 135     235/60 R- 18XL 170       245/45 R- 18XL 270       225/45    R- 17XL 183       225/45    R- 18XL 191     255/40    R- 19XL 262
                                                                                              R- 17 158     245/40 R- 18XL 223       245/50 R- 18 267         225/50    R- 17 188         235/40    R- 18XL 218     255/45    R- 19 227
    225/40 R- 19X$125        205/50 R- 17 $159        245/45 R- 18 $252              225/45
                                                                                                                                                              225/55    R- 17 179         235/45    R- 18 202       285/40    R- 19 296
   RFT (Runflat)              225/45 R- 17XL 192       255/40 R- 20 367               225/45   R- 17XL 162   255/40 R- 18 234         245/45 R- 19 265
    205/55 R- 16 $148        245/50 R- 17 216         285/35 R- 20 393               225/55   R- 17 149     255/45 R- 18 235
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   Blizzak LM-25 4X4                                                                                                                                          235/40 R- 18 $225           255/40 R- 18 $242         295/35 R- 18 $299
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    285/45 R- 19 $198       RFT (Runflat)
    275/45 R- 20XL 173       235/55 R- 18 $267                                       205/50   R- 15   $96   215/45   R- 17 $145      245/40 R- 19 $249

                                                                                     225/60   R- 15   109   215/50   R- 17 139      ROF (RunOnflat)           Primacy Alpin PA3
   Blizzak LM-60                                                                     205/45   R- 16   126   235/45   R- 18 199       205/55 R- 16 $148        195/60    R- 15 $109        215/55    R- 16 $139      205/45    R- 17 $161
                                                                                     215/60   R- 16   107   245/45   R- 18XL 206     225/45 R- 17 189         205/65    R- 15 113         215/65    R- 16 127       215/45    R- 17 166
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    215/45   R- 18XL 179     235/35    R- 19XL 251   RFT (Runflat)                                                                                             195/55 R- 16 $118
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    245/45   R- 18 205       275/45    R- 19XL 268                                   235/70   R- 16 106     255/55   R- 18 182       275/45 R- 20XL 276
                                                                                     245/70   R- 16 112     255/60   R- 18XL 192     275/50 R- 20 291         185/70    R- 14    83       205/65    R- 16 109       245/45    R- 17XL 165
                                                                                     255/65   R- 16 128     265/60   R- 18 209       295/40 R- 20XL 283       175/65    R- 15    83       215/55    R- 16XL 135     215/45    R- 18 151
   Blizzak WS60                                                                      275/70   R- 16 150     235/55   R- 19XL 182     265/45 R- 21 305         185/55    R- 15    98       215/60    R- 16 113       225/40    R- 18XL 168
    175/65   R- 14XL $80     205/60    R- 15 $83      205/40    R- 17X$117           225/65   R- 17 130     245/50   R- 19XL 206     295/35 R- 21 293         185/60    R- 15    92       215/65    R- 16 107       225/45    R- 18XL 167
    185/65   R- 14 77        215/70    R- 15 84       215/60    R- 17 115            235/60   R- 17 149     255/50   R- 19XL 195    P275/45 R- 22XL 344       185/65    R- 15    90       225/60    R- 16 119       225/50    R- 18 158
    195/60   R- 14 78        195/60    R- 16 86      P215/65    R- 17 86             235/65   R- 17XL 135   255/50   R- 19N0 208    RFT (Runflat)              195/55    R- 15   103       235/60    R- 16 123       225/60    R- 18 159
    145/65   R- 15 70        185/55    R- 16XL 106    225/40    R- 18 156            245/65   R- 17XL 166   255/55   R- 19 214       255/55 R- 18 $198        195/60    R- 15    93       205/50    R- 17XL 132     235/45    R- 18 170
    155/60   R- 15 77        195/55    R- 16 106      235/40    R- 18 162            255/60   R- 17 173     265/50   R- 19XL 232     255/50 R- 19XL 263       195/65    R- 15    96       215/45    R- 17 148       235/50    R- 18 169
    175/55   R- 15 84        205/50    R- 16 111      245/40    R- 18 168            265/65   R- 17 163     265/55   R- 19 249       275/40 R- 20XL 333       205/60    R- 15    97       215/50    R- 17XL 138     245/40    R- 18XL 186
    175/65   R- 15 77        225/55    R- 16 114      245/50    R- 18XL 168          275/55   R- 17 189     275/45   R- 19XL 223     315/35 R- 20XL 364       205/65    R- 15   100       215/55    R- 17 141       245/45    R- 18XL 185
    195/55   R- 15 91        235/60    R- 16 105                                     235/55   R- 18XL 166   285/45   R- 19 243       285/35 R- 21XL 369       205/70    R- 15    94       215/60    R- 17 125       245/45    R- 19 195
    195/65   R- 15 70        235/65    R- 16 101                                     235/60   R- 18 157     245/45   R- 20XL 240     325/30 R- 21XL 409       215/65    R- 15   102       215/65    R- 17 117
                                                                                     235/65   R- 18XL 179   255/45   R- 20 256
   Blizzak WS70
    185/60   R- 15 $82       225/60    R- 16 $104     225/60    R- 17 $114          Winter 210 SnowSport
    185/65   R- 15 82        225/65    R- 16 105      225/65    R- 17 115            195/50 R- 16 $118                                                       Winterforce (studdable)
    195/60   R- 15 87        235/65    R- 16 109      235/45    R- 17 156
    195/65   R- 15 84        205/50    R- 17XL 125    235/55    R- 17 133                                                                                    P155/80    R- 13 $47        185/65     R- 15 $65       205/60    R- 16 $75
    205/65   R- 15 89        215/45    R- 17 133      235/60    R- 17 120           Winter 240 SnowSport                                                      175/70    R- 13 49         195/60     R- 15 65        215/55    R- 16 88
    215/70   R- 15 92        215/50    R- 17XL 141    235/65    R- 17 116            205/50 R- 17 $144      235/40 R- 18 $195
                                                                                                                                    RFT (Runflat)              175/65    R- 14 56         195/65     R- 15 68        215/60    R- 16 78
    205/55   R- 16 112       215/55    R- 17 119      245/45    R- 17 166            255/40 R- 17 192       265/35 R- 18 240         205/45 R- 17 $159        185/60    R- 14 61         205/60     R- 15 68       P225/50    R- 16 95
    205/60   R- 16 95        215/60    R- 17 109     P215/55    R- 18 152            225/40 R- 18 175       265/40 R- 18 229                                  185/65    R- 14 63         205/65     R- 15 70        225/60    R- 16 82
    205/65   R- 16 98        215/65    R- 17 109      225/45    R- 18 147                                                                                     185/70    R- 14 52         205/70     R- 15 59        215/55    R- 17 93
    215/55   R- 16 114       225/45    R- 17 145     P225/55    R- 18 158           Winter 210 Sottozero                                                     P185/75    R- 14 53        P205/75     R- 15 58       P215/65    R- 17 89
    215/60   R- 16 99        225/50    R- 17 146      225/60    R- 18 137            195/55   R- 16 $98     215/60   R- 17 $144     RFT (Runflat)              195/70    R- 14 58         215/60     R- 15 74        225/50    R- 17 117
    215/65   R- 16 99        225/55    R- 17 124                                     205/45   R- 16XL 102   235/45   R- 17 158       205/50 R- 17 $164       P195/75    R- 14 55         215/65     R- 15 71        225/55    R- 17 95
                                                                                     205/55   R- 16 90      225/55   R- 18 169       225/45 R- 17 169         205/70    R- 14 57         215/70     R- 15 62        225/60    R- 17 94
   Blizzak LM-50                                                                     225/55   R- 16 116     225/60   R- 18 145                               P205/75    R- 14 56        P265/75     R- 15 78        235/55    R- 17 99
                            Blizzak MZ-03                                                                                                                     215/70    R- 14 58        P205/50     R- 16 85        225/60    R- 18 101
   RFT (Runfl at)                                                                                                                                              185/60    R- 15 64         205/55     R- 16 84
    225/60 R- 17 $125        165/65 R- 14 $75                                       Winter 240 Sottozero
                                                                                     225/55   R- 17 $165    245/45   R- 18X$196      265/35 R- 20 $355       Winterforce UV (studdable)
   Blizzak W965                                                                      235/55   R- 17 171     255/35   R- 18 221       285/30 R- 20XL 399
    215/85 R- 16 $142
                             245/75 R- 16 $150
                                                      245/70 R- 17 $163
                                                                     E               215/45   R- 18XL 166   285/40   R- 18 302      RFT (Runflat)             P215/75    R- 15 $64        P215/70    R- 16 $71      P255/70    R- 16 $82
    225/75 R- 16E 139        265/75 R- 16E 154        265/70 R- 17E 173              235/40   R- 18N1 195   295/35   R- 18 272       245/45 R- 17 $207        225/70    R- 15 65         P225/70    R- 16 74       P265/70    R- 16 87
    235/85 R- 16E 148       LT235/80 R- 17E 159                                      235/45   R- 18XL 177   245/40   R- 19XL 299     245/40 R- 18 219        P225/75    R- 15 67         P225/75    R- 16XL 68     P265/75    R- 16 80
                                                                                     235/50   R- 18XL 209   255/40   R- 19XL 239     245/45 R- 18XL 234      P235/70    R- 15 70         P235/65    R- 16 89       P235/65    R- 17 102
                                                                                     245/40   R- 18 197     285/35   R- 19 332       275/35 R- 19XL 359      P235/75    R- 15 68         P235/70    R- 16XL 77     P265/70    R- 17 91
                                                                                     245/45   R- 18 193     285/40   R- 19 318                               P235/75    R- 15XL 69       P245/70    R- 16 82        245/65    R- 17 101
                                                                                                                                                              215/65    R- 16 79         P245/75    R- 16 78       P245/70    R- 17 84
                                                                                    Winter 210 Sottozero Serie II
   ExtremeWinterContact                                                              205/55   R- 16XL $98   225/45   R- 17X$139     RFT (Runflat)             Winterforce LT (studdable)
    175/70   R- 13 $55       215/55    R- 16 $106     215/60    R- 17 $114           205/60   R- 16XL 99    225/50   R- 17XL 149     205/55 R- 16 $133       LT215/85   R- 16E$125       LT265/75   R- 16E$139     LT245/75   R- 17E$145
    175/65   R- 14 65        215/60    R- 16 97       225/45    R- 17XL 133          215/60   R- 16XL 105   225/55   R- 17 145       225/50 R- 17 177        LT225/75   R- 16E 126       LT285/75   R- 16E 146     LT265/70   R- 17E 155
    185/65   R- 14XL 71      215/65    R- 16XL 95     225/55    R- 17XL 126          205/45   R- 17XL 131   245/45   R- 17 174       255/40 R- 18 226        LT235/85   R- 16E 133       LT235/80   R- 17E 143     LT275/65   R- 18E 128
    185/70   R- 14 67        225/55    R- 16XL 114    235/45    R- 17 143            215/45   R- 17 142     245/40   R- 18 180                               LT245/75   R- 16E 138       LT245/70   R- 17E 147     LT275/70   R- 18E 172
    185/60   R- 15XL 73      225/60    R- 16 101      235/55    R- 17XL 135          215/55   R- 17 142     235/50   R- 19 258
    185/65   R- 15XL 72      225/70    R- 16 100      235/65    R- 17XL 127
    195/55   R- 15XL 86     LT225/75   R- 16E 145    LT235/80   R- 17E 172
    195/60   R- 15XL 74      235/60    R- 16 111      245/65    R- 17 133           Winter 240 Sottozero Serie II
    195/65   R- 15XL 77      235/75    R- 16 116      245/70    R- 17 133            205/50   R- 17X$140    265/40   R- 18 $222      285/35 R- 20 $412
    205/60   R- 15 76       LT235/85   R- 16E 144    LT245/70   R- 17E 159           205/55   R- 17 145     275/45   R- 18 299      RFT (Runflat)
    205/65   R- 15 80        245/75    R- 16 109      265/65    R- 17 146            225/45   R- 17XL 153   295/35   R- 18 272       215/40 R- 18 $205       AltiMAX Arctic (studdable)
    205/70   R- 15 76        255/70    R- 16 122      265/70    R- 17 136            235/50   R- 17 185     235/35   R- 19 249       225/40 R- 18XL 219       175/70    R- 13 $50        215/55     R- 16    $89    205/50    R- 17 $99
    215/65   R- 15 84       LT265/75   R- 16E 156    LT265/70   R- 17E 170           225/40   R- 18XL 155   245/45   R- 19XL 250     245/35 R- 18XL 279       175/65    R- 14 61         215/60     R- 16     82    215/45    R- 17 114
    215/70   R- 15 81        205/50    R- 17XL 120   LT285/70   R- 17D 189           225/45   R- 18XL 174   255/35   R- 19XL 260     255/35 R- 18XL 281       185/65    R- 14 64         215/65     R- 16     87    215/50    R- 17 110
    205/55   R- 16XL 97      215/45    R- 17 135                                     235/40   R- 18N1 195   255/45   R- 19XL 300     245/45 R- 19XL 297       185/70    R- 14 57         215/70     R- 16     87    215/55    R- 17 113
    205/60   R- 16XL 87      215/50    R- 17 128                                     235/40   R- 18N2 192   275/40   R- 19XL 335     275/40 R- 19XL 386       185/60    R- 15 66         225/55     R- 16    104    215/60    R- 17 107
                                                                                     235/40   R- 18XL 188   285/40   R- 19 325       245/40 R- 20XL 415       185/65    R- 15 66         225/60     R- 16     88    225/45    R- 17 117
                                                                                     245/50   R- 18 199     295/30   R- 19 298       275/35 R- 20XL 519       195/55    R- 15 81         225/70     R- 16     88    225/55    R- 17 113
   ContiWinterContact TS810 S                                                        255/40   R- 18 209     255/40   R- 20XL 366                              195/60    R- 15 69        LT225/75    R- 16E   129    235/45    R- 17 126
    205/55 R- 17X$172        245/40 R- 18X$255                                                                                                                195/65    R- 15 72         235/60     R- 16    102    235/55    R- 17 122
                                                                                    Winter 270 Sottozero Serie II                                             205/60    R- 15 70         235/70     R- 16     99    235/65    R- 17XL 123
                                                                                     235/45 R- 20X$335      275/35 ZR- 20 $429       295/30 ZR- 20X$477       205/65    R- 15 71         235/75     R- 16     97   LT235/80   R- 17E 149
                                                                                     245/35 ZR- 20XL 398    285/35 R- 20XL 449                                205/70    R- 15 66        LT235/85    R- 16E   134    245/65    R- 17 122
                                                                                                                                                              215/60    R- 15 76         245/75     R- 16    102    245/70    R- 17 116
                                                                                    Winter Carving (studdable)                                                215/65    R- 15 74        LT245/75    R- 16E   139    265/65    R- 17 135
   Ultra Grip SUV                                                                    185/65 R- 14 $68       195/55 R- 15 $97         225/45 R- 17 $140        215/70    R- 15 73         255/70     R- 16    104    265/70    R- 17 122
    245/70 R- 16 $113        235/65 R- 17 $125        265/65 R- 17 $135              185/70 R- 14 65        195/60 R- 15 75          225/55 R- 17 146         225/70    R- 15 77         265/70     R- 16    112   LT265/70   R- 17E 160
    265/70 R- 16 122         255/60 R- 17 115         255/55 R- 19 212                                                                                        205/55    R- 16 86         265/75     R- 16    111   LT285/70   R- 17D 162
    235/55 R- 17 155         255/65 R- 17 127                                                                                                                 205/60    R- 16 78        LT265/75    R- 16E   144
                                                                                    Winter Carving Edge (studdable)
   Eagle Ultra Grip GW3                                                              175/65   R- 14 $62     205/60   R- 15 $71       215/60 R- 16XL $99
                                                     Ultra Grip                      185/60   R- 14 65      205/65   R- 15 84        215/65 R- 16 104
    195/55 R- 15 $101        205/50 R- 16 $115       Performance                     185/65   R- 15 72      205/55   R- 16 104       235/65 R- 17 137                                 Full pattern studding
    205/60 R- 15 93         P225/60 R- 18 159         215/50 R- 17 $133
                                                                                     195/65   R- 15 70      205/60   R- 16XL 95                                   Available for $15 per tire on tires marked studdable.

Hours: EST M-F 8am-8pm SAT 9am-4pm                          1-888-374-8473                                       Pricing Effective October 1-31, 2010
                                                                                                                         Prices Subject to Change                                         ©2010 Tire Rack

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                 Hazard Service Program

       X-Ice Xi2

       Studless Ice and Snow
       For coupes, sedans and family vans
       Developed to combine predictable dry and wet road handling with enhanced snow and ice
       traction. MICHELIN® FleX-Ice silica-based winter tread rubber compound offers firmness
       at higher ambient temperatures for wet and dry road stability while it remains flexible
       at lower temperatures for snow and ice traction. The V-Shape Directional Tread Pattern
       promotes water and slush evacuation.

                                Step Grooves
                                Caterpillar effect enhances deep snow traction

                                Supporting Knobs
                                Provide lateral support to improve handling and wear

                                Cross Z Sipes II
                                Blend snow traction and high-speed stability

                                                                Pilot Alpin PA3™
                                                                           ®               ®

                                                                    Performance Winter / Snow
                                                                      For sports cars, sporty coupes and performance sedans
                                                                          Developed to increase wintertime driving confidence, the MICHELIN® Pilot® Alpin® PA3™
                                                                           tire enhances traction and handling during cold weather driving on dry, wet and
                                                                             snow-covered roads to help deliver the power and precision expected from a
                                                                              high performance automobile equipped with low profile sizes.

                                                                                   For best selection, call now or visit
                                                                                         All tires listed meet the severe snow service performance standards of The Rubber Manufacturers
                                                                                         Association (RMA) and the Rubber Association of Canada (RAC) for snow traction.

                                                                 Get a $70 Prepaid MasterCard® Card via mail-in rebate when you buy
                                                                 ANY set of (4) four new MICHELIN® brand passenger or light truck tires
                                                                 October 14 through November 15, 2010 and submit a redemption form.


Hours: EST M-F 8am-8pm SAT 9am-4pm                         1-888-374-8473                                                                       ©2010 Tire Rack
                    Ask about our Tire Road
                    Hazard Service Program

Winter 210/240/270 Sottozero Serie II
Winter 210/240 Sottozero
Performance Winter / Snow
Winter Sottozero tires are available in H-, V- and W-speed rated
sizes (including some RunFlat applications) for sport cars, coupes
and sedans to deliver winter performance for drivers whose
enthusiasm doesn’t cool off when temperatures drop. Designed to
be effective in freezing and near freezing temperatures by offering
significantly more traction than summer tires when driven in cold,
dry, wet or snowy conditions.
Interactive Brickwork Siping
Sipes create a brickwork pattern that
increases both lateral and longitudinal
stability while providing more biting
edges to increase snow traction.

                                                                                                                          Winter 240 Sottozero          Winter 210 Sottozero
                                                                                                                                 Serie II                      Serie II

                                                                                          Winter Carving Edge & Winter Carving
                                                                                           Studdable Winter / Snow
                                                                                           For sport cars, coupes, sedans, minivans as well as CUVs and SUVs. A directional
                                                                                           tread design with rounded shoulders increases hydroplaning resistance on wet and
                                                                                           slush-covered roads while enhancing dry road handling. High density lateral sipes
                                                                                           across the face of the tire enhance snow starting and stopping traction while optional
                                                                                           metal studs in the shoulder and intermediate tread blocks increase traction on packed
                                                                                           snow and icy roads.

      Winter Carving Edge                            Winter Carving

            Scorpion Ice & Snow
            Light Truck/SUV Studless Ice and Snow
            Primarily for luxury SUVs. Combines snow and ice traction with European high-speed
            winter driving performance. A stable shoulder enhances dry road handling while
            circumferential grooves help maintain good traction on wet and slush covered roads,
            and angled, siped independent tread blocks help bite into snow.

      For best selection call now or visit
      All tires listed meet the severe snow service performance standards of The Rubber Manufacturers Association (RMA)
      and the Rubber Association of Canada (RAC) for snow traction, and are branded with the mountain/snowflake symbol.

Hours: EST M-F 8am-8pm SAT 9am-4pm                                            1-888-374-8473                                                   ©2010 Tire Rack

                                                                     True PDF release: storemags & fantamag
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                  Hazard Service Program

        3 of the 119 styles available for the
        2011 Chevrolet Camaro 1LT at

                KMC ROCKSTAR                        SPORT MUSCLE CM5                           SPORT MUSCLE TACH                                                                           2011 Chevrolet Camaro 1LT with
                 F: 20x8 $253 ea.                           F: 20x8 $229 ea.                              F: 20x9 $209 ea.                                                                 20" American Racing Authentic
                 R: 20x10 $275 ea.                          R: 20x9 $239 ea.                             R: 20x10 $224 ea.                                                                 Hot Rod Torq-Thrust M

              ASA AR3                  BREMMER KRAFT BR05                       ENKEI PERF. IMOLA                       O.Z. ALLEGGERITA HLT O.Z. SUPERTURISMO LM                                 O.Z. ULTRALEGGERA
                 17 18                              17 18                                    17 18                                   16 17 18                             18 19                       16 17 18 19
          STARTING AT $136 ea.                STARTING AT $149 ea.                  STARTING AT $140 ea.                         STARTING AT $219 ea.               STARTING AT $335 ea.            STARTING AT $203 ea.

          ASA GT1                       ASA GT4                   BREYTON RACE GTP BREYTON RACE GTS-R                                     O.Z. ADRENALINA                    O.Z. POWER                  O.Z. WAVE
         16 17 18 19                   17 18 19 20                       19 20 21                               18 19                          15 16 17 18                   15 16 17 18                     17 18
       STARTING AT $130 ea.          STARTING AT $145 ea.            STARTING AT $349 ea.                 STARTING AT $249 ea.               STARTING AT $110 ea.          STARTING AT $110 ea.       STARTING AT $136 ea.

     BREMMER BR04                ENKEI PERF. EKM3                 ENKEI RACING PF01 ENKEI RACING RPF1                                         MODA MD11                     MODA MD12              ZINIK Z28 REVENTO
             17 18                         17 18                        15 16 17 18                            15 17 18                            17 18                          16 17                    18 19 20
       STARTING AT $149 ea.          STARTING AT $163 ea.             STARTING AT $216 ea.                 STARTING AT $199 ea.              STARTING AT $114 ea.           STARTING AT $92 ea.       STARTING AT $189 ea.

  Suspension                                                                                                         Brakes

Hours: EST M-F 8am-8pm SAT 9am-4pm                      1-888-374-8473                                             Prices Subject to Change
                                                                                                                  Prices Vary by Application                                    ©2010 Tire Rack

                                       Photography by ROY RITCHIE


           Our most vivid, gasoline-fueled dreams are often sidetracked
           by more practical realities—financial, familial, and otherwise.
           Take heart, though, because there has never been a better
           selection of prodigious yet pragmatic performers. To suggest
 the way an enthusiast might ascend the automotive ladder in life, from his
 (or her) twenties to his thirties to his forties, we gathered three pairs of
 cars with increasing price tags and increasing capabilities. Then we turned
 the keys over to a gearhead who fits the target demographic and is ready
 to climb the ladder.

72   Automobile | November 2010

                                  True PDF release: storemags & fantamag
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                                           November 2010 |   73

74   Automobile | November 2010

                                  True PDF release: storemags & fantamag
                                           storemags & fantamag - magazines for all

                                                                                                          H O N DA C I V I C S i vs. VOLKSWAGEN GTI

                             The kids are alright
                       Even cheap compacts can let it all hang out on race weekend.

            OR LONGER THAN JUST ABOUT ANYONE ELSE, VOLKS-                       keep everything consistent and to get some real-world input, we

F           wagen and Honda have been filling the gap for the
            twenty-something enthusiast. Starting with an emi-
            nently a ordable small car, each automaker then drops
            in a 2.0-liter four-cylinder engine good for about 200 hp,
            swaps in a heap of suspension goodies, and adds a smat-
tering of spoilers and badges. Just like that, the ubiquitous Civic
and Golf are transformed into the legendary Si and
                                                                                brought along our own twenty-eight-year-old racing driver, Tom
                                                                                Forst. An industrial engineer from Ortonville, Michigan, during
                                                                                the week, Forst spends his weekends tearing up Waterford Hills
                                                                                raceway in a four-cylinder Fox-body Ford Mustang.
                                                                                    Much like war and J. R. R. Tolkien novels, autocrossing features
                                                                                a few moments of heart-pounding action separated by hours of
                                                                                            boredom—meaning we have a long time to wait. At
GTI. Fun to drive, cheap to run, and tasteful enough                                        least this gives Forst plenty of time to familiarize him-
                                                                THE PARTICIPANTS
to take to a job—a real job—both cars perfectly suit                                        self with his two steeds. He immediately takes to the
the up-and-coming, car-crazy young adult. But which                   TOM FORST             GTI’s mature, refined interior over the Honda’s more
                                                               White-collar wage slave
is better?                                                         during the week,         utilitarian (read: cheaper-looking) cabin. He does, how-
    To find out, we headed to Belle Isle in Detroit,            take-no-prisoners racer      ever, appreciate the Civic’s thickly bolstered driver’s
where the Michigan Sports Car Club had turned a                        on Sunday.           seat. “It’s really firm and holds you in place,” he says.
parking lot into a sprawling autocross course. Requir-             HONDA CIVIC Si               We also get a chance to scope out the competi-
ing little investment from the driver aside from a hel-         A bit long-in-the-tooth     tion, who have parked in various demographic and
                                                                but still provides great
met, and posing little risk to the car, autocrossing is        value—and an awesome         automotive cliques. There are the mostly gray-haired
an ideal gateway to racing for a cash-strapped young                  sound track.          men easing Chevy Corvettes o trailers in the center
person (although regulars find plenty of ways to in-               VOLKSWAGEN GTI            and a few young guns in heavily modified Dodge/
vest obscene amounts of money). It also happens to            Luxury-car refinement and      Plymouth Neons near the Porta-John. There are also
                                                                  German sports car
be the perfect venue for sorting out two compact cars               performance in          plenty of VWs like ours, including a 2010 GTI piloted
that post nearly identical performance numbers. To              compact-car clothing.       by, surprise, an engineer in his mid-twenties. The

                                                                                                             November 2010 |    75

                  Civic guys, for their part, are sequestered in a far corner, smok-                    first run, a few ticks better in the second. Like any good racer,
                  ing and looking tough. The bumper sticker on one late-model Si                        Forst blames the car. “The Civic pushes like a truck,” he grouses.
                  reads, “I love hatrs.” They also seem slightly younger than their                     And although the Civic comes with a limited-slip di erential, not
                  German-loving peers, with one owner identifying himself as a                          enough of its 197 hp makes it to the pavement, as the inner wheel
                  twenty-two-year-old med student.                                                      squeals out of every turn (with the standard all-season Michelin
                      Finally, after about an hour of crawling toward the starting                      tires, at least). Maybe this is why Mr. Hatr Lover is sticking to the
                  position in the ninety-degree heat, Forst gets his chance in the                      parking lot.
                  Civic. He looks pretty smooth and, unlike some of the other driv-                         After some more waiting, Forst gets to take a run in the GTI.
                  ers, doesn’t take out half the cones on his first go-round. His                        His times immediately improve by about two seconds. Then four
                  times, though, are a bit slow. Fourteen seconds o the lead in the                     seconds. More telling is the smile on his face when he finds his

                                                                                                        At the end of the day, the Civic’s charm
                                                                                                        simply cannot overcome the German
                                                                                                        hatchback’s unyielding superiority.
                                                                                                        way over to our spot in the shade. “There’s a clear di erence in the
                                                                                                        handling and feel of the car,” he says. “You can feel when the back
                                                                                                        end is rotating and where it is.” Clearly, the VW’s fat rear antiroll
                                                                                                        bar and clever use of ABS to control wheel spin exiting corners—
                                                                                                        the big advancements on the sixth-gen model—are paying o .
                                                                                                            However, it’s not all grim news for the Civic, which, it must be
                                                                                                        noted, is about $2500 cheaper than our GTI despite coming
                                                                                                        equipped with a navigation system. For one, it can be the more
                                                                                                        engaging of the two cars on the street, where its quick steering
                                                                                                        and howling 2.0-liter squeeze out more adrenaline than the more
                                                                                                        relaxed GTI and its lower-revving turbo engine. “The Civic is a
                                                                                                        fun car to drive—it just wouldn’t be the one I’d bring out here,”
                                                                                                        concludes Forst. The Si also showcases Honda’s continuing devo-
                                                                                                        tion to, and mastery of, the manual gearbox. The VW’s six-speed
                                                                                                        manual, by comparison, feels a bit rubbery and gives Forst con-
                                                                                                        siderable trouble on one run.
                                                                                                            At the end of the day, though, the Civic’s charm simply cannot
                                                                                                        overcome the German hatch’s unyielding superiority. There’s lit-
                                                                                                        tle doubt, in Forst’s mind or ours, that the GTI is the better choice
                                                                                                        for the up-and-coming twenty-year-old, both as comfortable, up-
                                                                                                        scale transportation to work during the week and as a cone-slic-
                                                                                                        ing weapon on the weekends.                        — DAVID ZENLEA

                                                                               PRICE (BASE/AS TESTED)      ENGINE                                  TRANSMISSION            DRIVE
                                                      HONDA CIVIC Si » $22,955/$24,805                     2.0L I-4, 197 hp, 139 lb-ft             6-speed manual          Front-wheel
                                                    VOLKSWAGEN GTI » $23,990/$27,255                       2.0L turbo I-4, 200 hp, 207 lb-ft       6-speed manual          Front-wheel
                                                                                                                                                                                              HOT IMPORT NIGHTS: DANIEL OLIVARES, COURTESY NOPI

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                 76    Automobile | November 2010

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                                                                                                a dream Giveaway® sweepstakes

             your donation will benefit kids Wish network’s Hero program
                                                                 to enter call toll-free

                                                                         or enter online at

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  Wish Network’s “Hero of the                                                                                                         winner, and 3-time CMA Male
  Year” receive their prizes                                                                                                          Vocalist of the Year

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                     Dad’s night out
                     A sexy sports car is just the trick
   STAGE             for escaping the responsibilities of one’s thirties.

           F YOU’VE READ THIRTY-TWO-YEAR-OLD EZRA DYER’S                 pristinely restored 1971 Chevrolet Chevelle convertible, Caldwell
          column this month, you’re fully aware of how the thirties      certainly fits the bill as a car guy. But he’s also a busy family man
          can change the priorities of even the most devout car nut.     with a two-year-old daughter and a car-crazy nine-year-old son.
          (If you haven’t, he’s on page 26. Go ahead, we’ll wait.) The   Racing? Forget it. “I’m too old for that. I’d rather go out for ice
          house, the kids, the job. They don’t seem to leave much        cream with my kids,” he says with a laugh.
          time for indulging in cool cars. This, however, is precisely      Good thing. Because not much racing is happening as we pull
  why vehicles like the Ford Mustang GT and the Nissan 370Z              onto Woodward Avenue in Ferndale, just north of Detroit. In-
  thrive. Priced beyond the means of all but the most spoiled of         stead, clumps of Corvettes, Chargers, and Trans Ams are creeping
  youths, they serve as perfect getaway vehicles from the crushing       along at no more than 20 mph, the air shimmering with big-block
  responsibilities of adulthood.                                         heat and unfiltered exhaust fumes. Even among this impressive
      The desire for just such an escape takes us to Detroit’s annual    crowd, our two rides stand out. The 370Z’s distinctly modern
  Woodward Dream Cruise in a grabber blue Mustang GT premium             and, yes, Japanese lines provide a refreshing contrast to the vin-
  and a fortieth-anniversary-edition Nissan 370Z. With us is a real,     tage American muscle car overload around us. Even our model,
  live thirty-eight-year-old, Jay Caldwell of Shelby Township,           which marks four decades since the 240Z’s arrival on our shores
  Michigan. As the owner of both a local Meineke Car Care and a          with special gray paint and unique interior touches, has few

  78   Automobile | November 2010

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overtly retro touches. “The Z has a ton of history, but    THE PARTICIPANTS           driver’s seat and settles his hands on the perfectly
it doesn’t try to relive the old days,” comments              JAY CALDWELL            positioned steering wheel. “You become a part of the
Caldwell. And yet he’s also drawn to the Mustang,       Divides his time among his    Nissan,” he says.
which recalls the 1960s with every crease in its sheet-  business, his family, and        Finally, as dusk descends and we edge past 8 Mile
                                                        his 1971 Chevrolet Chevelle
metal. He particularly admires Ford’s attention to de-           convertible.         Road, which marks the dividing line between Detroit
tail, such as the sequential rear turn signals. The 5.0    FORD MUSTANG GT
                                                                                      and its northern suburbs, the tra c eases up. Wel-
badges don’t hurt, either, and drivers of lesser Mus-   The pony car has grown up     come to Mustang territory. “This one’s just brute
tangs nod in deference as we pass.                       but can still lay down the   power,” Caldwell says as he gives the GT a bit of
                                                            rubber, thanks to its
    The glorified tra c jam also gives Caldwell a          fabulous 5.0-liter V-8.     throttle. The heavy police presence prevents us from
chance to take in how the interiors of the Mustang                                    submitting to spectators’ calls to race, but our sepa-
                                                               NISSAN 370Z
and the 370Z have matured with their recent up-           The Z is celebrating its    rate closed-course testing confirms that the 412-hp
dates. Caldwell at first seems to prefer the Mustang         fortieth birthday but     ’Stang owns the 332-hp Nissan by about a second
for practical reasons—he finds the stereo crisper and    doesn’t rest on its laurels.  both in the 0-to-60-mph sprint and through the
cleaner and likes the idea of having a back seat for                                  quarter mile. And then there’s the sound. Whereas
his kids. But he wavers when he sinks into the Z’s red leather             the Z’s aging VQ V-6 is all noise, vibration, and harshness, the

                                                                                                      November 2010 |   79
                  STAGE TWO » FORD MUSTANG vs. NISSAN 370Z

                     Mustang’s new V-8 is loud and menacing when it should be and
                     nearly sewing-machine smooth the rest of the time. The Nissan
                     wins some points for its novel manual gearbox, which not only
                                                       has slightly smoother throws

                     If we were going all              than the Mustang’s stick but
                                                       also impresses Caldwell with

                     out on a racetrack,               its ability to match revs auto-
                                                       matically on downshifts. “I

                     we’d likely pick                  do like that,” he confirms.
                                                       Ride quality is mostly a wash
                     the lighter, more                 between the two cars, save
                                                       for when just the right fre-
                     sophisticated Z.                  quency of potholes hits the
                                                       Mustang’s live rear axle and
                     But here on the                   sets its occupants bouncing.
                                                           By 10:30 p.m., the party’s                he notes. He’s reticent to pick a winner, but he admits that his son
                     streets, the more                 over, as police are demand-
                                                       ing that the muscle-car-lov-
                                                                                                     would have less trouble picking between the two. “I think Sam
                                                                                                     would like the Mustang.” We can’t help but agree. If we were
                     comfortable, more                 ing spectators go home. Plus,                 going all out on a racetrack, we’d likely pick the lighter, more so-

                     refined Mustang                    Caldwell needs to get back
                                                       to being a family man. But
                                                                                                     phisticated Z. But here on the streets, where a real thirty-some-
                                                                                                     thing will actually drive it, the more comfortable, more refined

                     seems like the                    he’s enjoyed the escape pro-
                                                       vided by each of these sporty
                                                                                                     Mustang seems like the smarter choice. Ford’s V-8-powered pony
                                                                                                     car remains visceral and brutish enough to please any testoster-
                     smarter choice.                   cars, albeit in di erent ways.
                                                       “I wish I could combine the
                                                                                                     one-addled teenager but has evolved such that it also meets the
                                                                                                     more demanding tastes of the thirty-somethings who can actually
                                                       best elements of both cars,”                  a ord one.                                                     — DZ

                                                                                           PRICE (BASE/AS TESTED)   ENGINE                          TRANSMISSION           DRIVE
                                                                   FORD MUSTANG GT » $30,495/$41,830                5.0L V-8, 412 hp, 390 lb-ft     6-speed manual         Rear-wheel
                                                                        NISSAN 370Z » $31,160/$40,160               3.7L V-6, 332 hp, 270 lb-ft     6-speed manual         Rear-wheel

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                      lighter and cooler helmet. HJC MOTORSPORTS
                          SI-12, $700 AT HJC-MOTORSPORTS.COM

                     80   Automobile | November 2010

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                                                                                Truly Unique

Time travel at the speed of a 1935 Speedster?
The 1930s brought unprecedented inno-                                                       for a full refund of the purchase price. If
vation in machine-age technology and                                                        you have an appreciation for classic
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                                                                                                      BMW M3 vs. MERCEDES-BENZ C63 AMG

Adults have all the fun
More power, more speed, and more fun in the most unassuming packages.

               ITH THE BMW M3 AND THE MERCEDES-BENZ C63                       we’re relegated to the parking lot while a Formula Continental

W               AMG, perfectly adult wrappers mask the penchant
                for juvenile mischief, making these sport sedans
                ripe for the professional who’s also a speed freak.
                Four doors and their familiar body shapes pro-
                claim “practical!” “upscale!” “stable!” when parked
in the corporate corral. Yet the subtle styling cues are
enough that anybody who knows a clutch pedal from
                                                                              driver shakes down his open-wheel car for the coming weekend’s
                                                                              race. “I’ve always been a manual guy,” Zamberlan pronounces.
                                                                              “Certainly, I can see the appeal of a good automatic transmission,
                                                                              because you immediately feel like Michael Schumacher with the
                                                                              rev matching. But at the end of the day, I’d probably buy a three-

                                                               THE PARTICIPANTS
                                                                                          pedal car.” Only one car here—the M3—is available
                                                                                          with a manual transmission, and both cars we’ve
a brake recognizes that they’re looking at two credi-            JIM ZAMBERLAN            brought to the track use automatics with seven for-
ble track cars.                                               A fan of German metal,      ward gears and paddle shifters on the steering wheel.
    We’re verifying that credibility at GingerMan          manual transmissions, and          Zamberlan takes o for another twenty-minute
                                                            the occasional track day.
Raceway in South Haven, Michigan, where we’ve laid                                        session, this time in the Melbourne red M3, and re-
down a mere $60 for a couple hours of open track                     BMW M3               turns knowing he’s just driven the better track car.
                                                           A veritable legend that has
during a Tuesday night test-and-tune session. Our               long stood atop the       “It’s clear to me that, in the right hands, this is ulti-
driver is a serious German car fan, forty-six-year-old      automotive pantheon for       mately the more capable car,” he says, acknowledging
Jim Zamberlan. After his high-school graduation              its effortless speed and     that the C63 understeers more readily than the BMW.
                                                               rewarding feedback.
gift—a Triumph Spitfire—was totaled in a parking lot,                                      In addition to a more nimble chassis, the BMW o ers
Zamberlan picked up his first Teutonic machine, an                    C63 AMG
                                                                                          greater range in character with electronically adjust-
’86 Volkswagen GTI. He currently owns a 2010 Audi          It makes more horsepower       able dampers, the ability to alter shift speeds in the
A4 Avant and a 2004 Volkswagen R32 that he takes to          and torque than the M3,      dual-clutch gearbox, and the convenient “M” button
                                                                   but the C63 is
the track a few times per year.                                 unquestionably the        on the steering wheel to activate your preferred set-
    After Zamberlan runs his initial laps in the C63,             underdog here.          tings. The Mercedes relies on passive dampers that

                                                                                                           November 2010 |    83
                        STAG E T HREE » BMW M3 vs. MERCEDES-BENZ C63 AMG

                            are tuned for a livable ride that’s still confident on
                            the track.                                                                    “If every
                                Mercedes-Benz’s $5950 AMG Development
                            package stretches output from 451 hp to 481 hp, and
                                                                                                          day was a
                            the additional 2.2 liters of displacement over the
                            BMW gives the C63 an additional 148 lb-ft of torque.
                                                                                                          track day,
                            That’s an absolute boon for daily driving, but on the
                            track, we’re playing at the top end of the tachometer,
                                                                                                          I’d probably
                            and the BMW keeps up while humming happily and
                            aggressively so close to its 414-hp peak at 8300 rpm.
                                                                                                          go with the
                                The C63 tops its massive torque with an intoxi-
                            cating exhaust note, something that absolutely en-
                                                                                                          M3. But                            “I just felt comfortable in the Mercedes, period,”
                            chants Zamberlan. “To me, it’s so unexpected that                             in the real                    concludes Zamberlan. “I would get more out of it
                            the Mercedes would sound better.” The M3’s ex-
                            haust is decadent as well, but the graceful crescendo                         world, I just                  faster.” And what about that automatic transmis-
                                                                                                                                         sion? “If I’d driven an M3 with a manual, would I
                            is more like that of a high-strung racing car than the
                            deep, rowdy fracas of the AMG. Our M3 also emits a                            connected                      change my mind? I don’t know, but I will grudgingly
                                                                                                                                         admit that the Mercedes’ seven-speed auto was very,
                            disappointing heat-shield rattle akin to what you’d
                            expect from a modded mid-’90s Honda Civic every
                                                                                                          more with                      very good.”
                                                                                                                                             “If every day was a track day, I’d probably go with
                            time it takes o from a stop.
                                Peering through the passenger window, Zamber-
                                                                                                          the C63.”                      the M3 just because I’m fairly positive that, given
                                                                                                                                         time and familiarity with the limits of both, I could
                            lan calls out the BMW’s nondescript cabin: “That                                                             post a faster lap in the BMW,” Zamberlan suggests.
                            does not look like a $60,000 interior.” The Mercedes                                                         “But in the real world, I just connected more with
                            seats also provide better lateral support than those in the M3,                                the C63 than I did with the M3, and while the Mercedes’ ultimate
                            particularly from the bottom-cushion bolsters, reminding Zam-                                  limits may be slightly lower in the hands of someone far more
                            berlan of the stock König buckets in his R32.                                                  skilled, I enjoyed it immensely on the track.” — ERIC TINGWALL

                                                                      PRICE (BASE/AS TESTED)          ENGINE                               TRANSMISSION                            DRIVE
                                          BMW M3 » $57,575/$66,775                                    4.0L V-8, 414 hp, 295 lb-ft          7-speed dual-clutch automatic           Rear-wheel
                            MERCEDES-BENZ C63 AMG » $60,325/$77,105                                   6.2L V-8, 481 hp, 443 lb-ft          7-speed automatic                       Rear-wheel

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                           84     Automobile | November 2010

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                                             MOTOR TREND

                                       ? A F A D F D 7 @ 6 5 > 3 E E ; 5   5 A ?



    5 8e[n\ËccYi`e^pflk_\Y\_`e[$k_\$jZ\e\jjkfi`\jf]k_\g\fgc\n_fZi\Xk\[k_\d#fne\[k_\d#

          True PDF release: storemags & fantamag
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         We gave the all-new Regal an interior full of advanced technology. Including a
         6-speed automatic transmission with manual tap shifter, an available voice-activated
         40GB NAV and entertainment system, a 12- way power-adjustable driver’s seat and

         steering- wheel-mounted Bluetooth®** controls. But we saved the best technology for
         your right foot: the new all-aluminum direct-injected engine. Your other body parts
         will be jealous. The sport-injected 2011 Buick Regal. The New Class of World Class.

                                                                                                                     Starting at $26,995.†
        *30GB NAV storage, 10GB music storage. Map coverage available in the United States, U.S. Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico and Canada.      **Go to to find out which Bluetooth phones are compatible with the vehicle. †As shown, $31,780. MSRP. Tax, title, license, dealer fees

                                      and other optional equipment extra.  ©2010 General Motors. All rights reserved. Buick ® Buick emblem ® Regal ®
      Breeds   Obscure British                                      RET NOT when another
             two-seaters you’ll
           want but can’t have,
            plus a three-seater
             you can assemble
                in your garage.
                                By Don Sherman
                  Photography by Martyn Goddard
                                                   F                British sports car maker
                                                                    slips under the waves. Since
                                                                    England is the cradle of
                                                                    two-seat entertainment,
                                                    whenever an automaker like Triumph
                                                    or TVR succumbs, some up-and-comer
                                                    arrives to fill in. In the land of fish and
                                                    chips, creativity isn’t so hindered by
                                                    balance sheets and business plans.
                                                       To take the pulse of the enduring British
                                                    sports car phenomenon, we targeted
                                                    marques located at four points of the
                                                    two-seater compass. Two have existed for
                                                    decades, two are newbies, all are obscure.
                                                    What these brands lack in notoriety, they
                                                    more than make up for in originality.
                                                    The Bristol Fighter in front of Sherman’s Hall. The author’s ancestral family home in the
                                                    village of Dedham was willed to a boys’ school in 1599. John Constable, a noted artist, studied
                                                    there in the late 1700s, and the Dedham valley that inspired his paintings became known as
                                                    Constable Country. Three Shermans departed from Dedham for the New World between
                                                    1633 and 1640. Philip Sherman served as Rhode Island’s first secretary. He and two uncles
                                                    begat four notable Shermans: Roger (who signed the Declaration of Independence and the
                                                    U.S. Constitution), William B. (Valley Forge survivor), Civil War general William T., and
                                                    U.S. Vice President James S. Plus the technical editor and the photo assistant shown here.

88   Automobile | November 2010

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                       BRISTOL FIGHTER

               he Bristol Aeroplane Company, now cel-       a curb weight of 3600 pounds. The 8.0-liter V-10 en-
               ebrating its centennial, diversified from     gines purchased from Chrysler are tuned to 525 hp in
               war planes to automobiles in 1946. BMW       the base Fighter, 628 hp in the S edition, and 1012 hp
               blueprints, seized as war reparations,       in a twin-turbo T model. Claimed top speeds range be-
               sustained the carmaking division for         tween 210 and 225 (governed) mph. Prices start at
more than a decade, until antiquated six-cylinder en-       about $350,000 and venture smartly upward with
gines were finally replaced by hearty Chrysler V-8s.         extra power and personalization features.
    In 1997, TOBY SILVERTON arrived with business acu-          Slipping into the Fighter’s wide leather seat is as
men, self-taught engineering skills, investment capi-       pleasant as donning a robe and slippers by a winter
tal, and the bravest ideas in Bristol’s history. The        fire, but don’t forget to pull the door down on the way
Dodge Viper V-10–powered Bristol Fighter—what the           in. The aircraft heritage is conveyed by a cockpit re-
fifty-two-year-old chairman calls “the supercar that         splendent in engine-turned gauge surrounds. Only in a
works”—was designed from the driver’s seat out.             Bristol will you find a fuel-pressure gauge and an en-
    While answering the phone at Bristol’s Kensington       gine-hour meter.                                             Toby Silverton may be
(London) two-car showroom, Silverton explained that             This is a gentleman’s express, so the Viper’s vi-        the first Bristol Cars
plant tours and press drives are unheard of at the last     cious hiss doesn’t live here. The sound track is power-      chairman not on a mission
luxury maker still in private British hands. “We usu-       ful yet composed, thanks to well-mu ed, three-inch           to annoy the press.
ally annoy the press,” he noted. That said, we were         exhaust pipes. Bristol’s redo of the Viper’s six-speed       Honoring long-standing
next in line after Rowan Atkinson for a few miles in        transmission trims shift e ort and adjusts gear ratios       tradition, Silverton
                                                                                                                         created a modern Bristol
the Creamsicle orange Fighter formerly owned by Sil-        yet still provides 60 mph in first with quiet sixth-gear
                                                                                                                         blessed with prodigious
verton’s wife.                                              cruising. Rocketing to illegal speeds on the motorway
                                                                                                                         American horsepower.
    Silverton detailed the features he and his engineer-    is no problem.                                               A Viper V-10 heart (top)
ing team put into the Fighter’s design. The car’s tall          The big surprise is quick, friction-free steering that   beats under the hood of
build and gull-wing doors provide easy entry and            gives the Fighter a willing nimbleness on the tight          every Bristol Fighter.
chairlike seating for Bristol’s large-in-stature patrons.   back roads surrounding the quaint village of Dedham,
A wraparound windshield eliminates A-pillar obstruc-        where my forefathers resided until 1633. The high
tion. A short, narrow footprint combined with 41 de-        seating and turretlike visibility take the anxiety out of
grees of steering lock yields a tight turning circle. Six   sharp turns. Overall quality is exemplary except for
inches of ground clearance and a minimal front over-        the lack of a left footrest and hints of gear whine..
hang make this the supercar that doesn’t have to tip-           Silverton has no aspirations to spread Bristol’s
toe over speed bumps.                                       reach to America. Those with the means to own a
    The Fighter’s steel spaceframe, clad with a mix of      Fighter probably won’t consider that an insurmount-
aluminum, carbon-fiber, and Kevlar body parts, yields        able hurdle.

                                                                                                       November 2010 |     89
                             GINETTA F400

                                               ow did a svelte, mid-engine coupe           liter V-6 pirated, along with a six-speed transaxle,
                                               with Italian-esque coachwork end up         from the Mondeo. A steel-tube frame is supported by a
                                               at a British firm known for a ordable        105.3-inch wheelbase and dressed in carbon-fiber
                                               kit and race cars? Blame the global re-     bodywork. Ginetta claims a 2700-pound curb weight,
                                               cession, which tripped the Farbio GTS       some 400 pounds less than the Evora.
                              just as production was about to begin.                           While the game plan includes supercharging to
                                  In 1958, six years after Colin Chapman founded           boost the engine to the 400-plus hp touted in the name,
Lawrence Tomlinson            Lotus, Ginetta Cars was established in the same vein: to     that hardware was absent from the demonstrator we
added panache to his          supply road racers with cars they didn’t have to build       borrowed for a jaunt around Ginetta’s Garforth home
lineup with the rescue        from scratch. Graham Hill raced a Ginetta in 1964, and       base. Nonetheless, the 300 or so horsepower in our tes-
of the Farbio GTS
                              Nigel Mansell co-drove a Ginetta Zytek LMP1 racer            ter was enough to register a positive impression.
project earlier this year.
                              with sons Leo and Greg this year at Le Mans. In 2009,            Long doors welcome you into a spacious, beauti-
Unlike other members
of the Ginetta family,        F1 and motorcycle champion John Surtees drove an ex-         fully orchestrated cabin. Equipped with a touch screen
the renamed F400 is           perimental electric-powered Ginetta G50 through the          that handles audio, phone, climate control, and navi-
intended purely for road      Eurotunnel to mark its fifteenth anniversary.                 gation functions, this Ginetta pays homage to no one’s
use, although this mid-           LAWRENCE TOMLINSON, chairman of the LNT Group            kit car. Indexing door glass, LED exterior lighting,
engine coupe has the          (construction, health care, real estate, etc.) and an avid   stunning metal interior trim, and French-stitched
legs for an occasional        racer, bought Ginetta in 2005 to tune up the product         leather reflect serious attention to detail. Hints of car-
track day.                    range. The stillborn Farbio GTS was added to the port-       bon fiber and a small-diameter steering wheel support
                              folio this year. According to Tomlinson, the rechris-        the supercar cause.
                                                     tened F400 will serve as Ginet-           The best news is that the F400 is quick and light on
                                                     ta’s supercar at a bargain price      its feet. The engine feels and sounds eager to go, the
                                                     of less than $150,000.                steering and the brakes are well endowed with feedback,
                                                          There’s obvious Lotus Evora      both ends of the car generate ample grip, and there’s no
                                                     flavor in the exterior, although       detectable body roll at street speeds. This highly compe-
                                                     the F400 is significantly shorter,     tent platform should have no di culty handling another
                                                     wider, and lower. Where Lotus         hundred horsepower. The shift linkage could be more
                                                     crams vestigial back seats, this      positive and the interior needs more padding at elbow
                                                     car has luggage space over a          and knee touch points, but, overall, Ginetta is lucky to
                                                     transversely mounted Ford 3.0-        have such a promising addition to its family.

90    Automobile | November 2010

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                olin Chapman envy runs deep in Eng-           230 hp, the STI’s 280 hp, or up to 350 tuned horsepow-
                land, even twenty-eight years after the       er to suit customer whims.
                Lotus founder’s death. SIMON DICKENS,             Climbing aboard this 1650-pound four-wheel motor-
                a forty-two-year-old former service           cycle is hassle-free—as long as the driver mounts first.
                manager and car enthusiast of humble          The seat and steering column aren’t adjustable, so what
means, has successfully taken the initial steps down          you build is what you get. A Koso programmable instru-
Chapman’s well-trod kit-car path.                             ment cluster combines tach, speed, and warning info in
    Inspired by the Lotus Seven and Ariel Atom rudi-          one unit. Since the cockpit in this test car suits Dickens’s
mentary roadsters, Dickens began sketching the car of         build, tach readings below 4000 rpm and the immediate
his dreams five years ago while on vacation. Convinced         road ahead aren’t part of my view. That said, the center
that his brainstorm had merit, he hired two freelance         seating position feels natural, and watching the front
engineers to solve structural and suspension riddles us-      suspension’s action over bumps is highly entertaining.
ing modern computer-aided design (CAD) tools. The                 The giant snorkel rising behind the driver’s head
unorthodox one-plus-two seating is very versatile: the        howls like Darth Vader snorting nitromethane. High on
center driving position means the kit car is perfect for      Dickens’s fix-it list is mu ing the induction noise and
track days, while the plus-two seats accommodate thrill       uncorking the exhaust to enhance the WR3’s audio mix.          The lack of a factory
riders such as Dickens’s two children.                            Thirteen pounds of turbo boost blast this machine          and a staff hasn’t
    A few V-Storms were made using motorcycle power-          quickly to the redline, so my left hand was busy coaxing       hindered Simon Dickens
train components before Dickens took the epic plunge.         the high-mounted, slightly reluctant shifter through the       from pursuing his
He quit his day job, ordered parts built to his blueprints,   first three gears. To 75 mph, the vestigial windshield is       entrepreneurial dreams.
and set up SDR Sportscars operations at his home near         enough to deflect the wind (and rain) above your eyes,          Working out of his
Manchester. About a dozen kits have been sold, and            but above that speed a closed-face helmet is essential.        two-car garage, Dickens
                                                                                                                             has concocted all the
Dickens was about to order parts for a batch of ten cars          The SDR’s balance is so good that 205/40WR-17 Yo-
                                                                                                                             clever bits needed for a
when we arrived at the two-car garage that serves as          kohama tires su ce front and rear. The ride is supple,
                                                                                                                             Subaru-powered three-
SDR’s engineering lab, warehouse, and parking space.          and there’s ample warning of an impending loss of grip.        seat breeze machine.
    Stripping o two fiberglass panels exposes a pre-           A quick flick of the steering wheel easily catches slides.
vious-generation Subaru Impreza WRX turbocharged                  The price of entry is about $23,000 for a complete
2.0-liter powerplant. A five-speed transaxle converted         kit plus another $3000 or so for the necessary Subaru
to two-wheel drive, twin radiators, an oversize inter-        parts. According to Dickens, assembly takes about 150
cooler, and a custom exhaust system complete the              hours; his hired agents build turn-key cars for about
compact propulsion package. Dickens o ers the stock           $36,000. Gentlemen: start your torque wrenches.

                        SDR V-STORM WR3

                                                                                                           November 2010 |     91
                                treet-legal formula cars are like the Loch Ness    gun with a real racer’s 200-mph-plus top speed, full
                                Monster: lots of hype with little tangible evi-    wing and ground-e ect aerodynamics, and more than
                                dence of their existence. But myths of a one-      enough g-joy to induce nosebleeds. The T1 can also be
                                plus-one-seater weighing about 1300 pounds,        fitted with mu ers, street tires, air-conditioning, and a
                                packing 575 hp, and wearing license plates         canopy for legal road use.
                      are true. Say hello to Nessie, a.k.a. the Caparo T1.             Matt Cummings, a Virgin Atlantic pilot, accom-
                          A former McLaren designer and engineer duo cre-          plished racing driver, and Caparo T1 Cars director, ex-
                      ated this astonishing sports car in 2005. ANGAD PAUL ar-     plained that he had sprinted a T1 from 0 to 197 mph to
                      rived as the financial angel in 2006. His day job is serv-    0 twice in the length of a one-mile straightaway. A T1
                      ing as CEO of Caparo plc, a thriving British and Indian      under cover in his shop would soon attack the Nür-
                      producer of steel and auto parts. Nurtured by Caparo         burgring Nordschleife’s absolute lap record of 6 min-
                      Vehicle Technologies, the T1 evolved into a $460,000         utes and 11 seconds, which was set by Stefan Bellof
                      car with a power-to-weight ratio twice that of a Bugatti     driving a Porsche 956 in 1983.
                      Veyron. Aft of the molded carbon-fiber tub is a 3.5-liter         Some begging persuaded Cummings to roll a T1 out
                      Menard racing V-8 tuned for the road and a six-speed         for photos followed by a drive back into the garage—but
                      sequential-shift, magnesium-cased transaxle.                 no more. The a able director said that our visit caught
                          This is a high-caliber, double-barreled son of a shot-   him by surprise, but there are other reasons why Cap-

                      CAPARO T1

92   Automobile | November 2010

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aro is nervous about journalists. Three years ago, a T1     clutch pedal is used only to get rolling, since gear-
prototype driven by a seasoned racer and television         changes, clutch dips, and throttle blips are all handled
commentator erupted into a ball of flame . . . at 150 mph.   by air solenoids. Regrettably, no upshifts were neces-
Top Gear’s Jeremy Clarkson griped about understeer          sary during my 100-yard drive.
and an underbody panel coming adrift (although the              Understeer was not an issue. If anything, the T1 felt
Stig had no di culty eclipsing the quickest car on Top      like it could use a touch more rear wing as it was hus-
Gear’s lap-time chart by seven seconds).                    tled back to its safe haven.
    I snuggled into the form-fitting cockpit without             This experience suggests that the T in the Caparo
removing the carbon-fiber steering wheel but made            T1’s name stands for tease. Not to worry; we have a
no attempt to share the space with a co-driver. The         plan. Communications are under way with the Amer-
                                                                                                                        The honorable Angad
smallish V-8 fires up at the touch of a button and revs      ican owner of the record-attempt car. After its Nord-
                                                                                                                        Paul uses the T1 to
with abandon, unhindered by flywheel inertia. Two            schleife assault and trip to the colonies, we intend to
                                                                                                                        showcase the capabilities
large mu ers civilize the beast so well at idle that        revisit this cockpit with test equipment and a route at     of his Caparo Vehicle
transmission gear rattle is the dominant sound.             the ready. AM                                               Technologies division.
    First gear slams home with sledge-                                                                                  This dual-purpose
hammer e ciency following a pull of a                                                                                   one-plus-one sports car
steering-wheel paddle. The touchy                                                                                       can be configured as a
                                                                                                                        dedicated track runner or
                                                                                                                        as a street machine with
                                                                                                                        a canopy top, mufflers,
                                                                                                                        mirrors, and lighting

                                                                                                       November 2010 |      93

  The best-selling minivan* in the land is now vanlier than ever. Available features
  like a Split-Widescreen Rear Entertainment System, a hard drive that fits thousands

  of songs, a USB Audio Interface †† and a leather-trimmed interior will have you

  riding in dazzling van glory. While a powerful and efficient 28 hwy mpg ‡ V- 6 engine
  will take you places you forgot existed. The van beckons. Like no van before.
  1-800-33-Honda         *Based on R. L. Polk & Co. U.S. retail registrations, Minivan segment, 1/08–6/10. †A separate source device is required to use split-screen function.
  **Hard disk drive (HDD) 15-GB memory audio system standard on navigation-equipped models. ††The USB Audio Interface is used for direct connection to and control of
  some current digital audio players and other USB devices that contain MP3, WMA or AAC music files. Some USB devices with security software and digital rights-protected
  files may not work. Please see your Honda dealer for details. ‡19 city/28 hwy 2011 EPA mileage estimates for Odyssey Touring models with 6AT. Use for comparison purposes
  only. Actual mileage will vary. Touring Elite model shown. ©2010 American Honda Motor Co., Inc.

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Introducing the all-new Honda

       Mazda 3
96   Automobile | November 2010                                            PHOTOGRAPHY BY A. J. MUELLER

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    four seasons wrap-up
                                    Despite a few
                                    it had us

                                    grinning, too.

                                                 HE OLD MAZDA 3 was
                                                 already one of our favorite
                                                small cars. Twice an
                                               A               M
                                              All-Star, the previous 3 was a cut
                                              above its contemporaries. When
                                    Mazda’s highest-volume car went in for a
                                    redesign for the 2010 model year, it
                                    emerged with a more powerful engine (in
                                    the “s” models, at least), an additional
                                    gear for its manual and automatic
                                    transmissions, a plethora of new luxury
                                    features, and new styling led o by a front
                                    end that West Coast editor Jason
                                    Cammisa described as “an anime gremlin
                                    wearing an I’ve-been-naughty grin.”
                                        But was the new 3 really naughty or
                                    nice? We were anxious to find out, so we
                                    ordered one for a long-term test. We
                                    skipped the base “i” model for two
                                    reasons: First, it’s available only as a
                                    four-door sedan, and we prefer the looks
                                    and practicality of the four-door
                                    hatchback body style. Second, the base car
                                    uses a carryover 2.0-liter engine, while the
                                    “s” edition has a new 2.5-liter four. In our
                                    car, the 2.5 was paired with a new six-

                                           November 2010 |   97
speed manual transmission. We did show

                                                 3 GENEALOGY
                                                                           he Mazda GLC      hatchback, although a
uncharacteristic restraint by staying with
                                                                           debuted in        rear-wheel-drive GLC wagon
the Sport trim level rather than the Grand
                                                                           America in 1977   stuck around through 1983.
Touring, which has a fairly lavish list of
                                                                  as a rear-wheel-drive         The 323 replaced the GLC
standard features for a small car, including                                                                                                  1989 323 SEDAN
                                                                  hatchback that shared      and jumped a class from
leather, a power driver’s seat with memory,
                                                                  many parts with the        subcompact to compact with          170-hp turbo 2.0-liter and
and swiveling xenon headlamps. Still, we
                                                                  rotary-engined RX-3. It    the 1986–89 models. It was          other goodies.
were hardly su ering in our Sport
                                                                  initially had a 52-hp,     longer, heavier, and had more          The first Mazda 3 hit the
hatchback, to which we added a power
                                                                  1.3-liter four-cylinder    interior space than its             streets for the 2004 model
moonroof, a ten-speaker Bose surround-
                                                                  mated to a four-speed      predecessor. Power came from        year. Two four-cylinders were
sound audio system with a six-disc CD
                                                                  manual. This GLC—for       an 82-hp, 1.6-liter fuel-injected   available in the sedan—a
changer (the aptly named moonroof/6CD/
                                                                  “Great Little Car”—was     four-cylinder. In 1988, the race-   2.0-liter and a 2.3—but only the
Bose package, for $1395), as well as keyless
                                                                  produced until 1980.       bred, all-wheel-drive 323GTX        larger engine was offered in the
                                                                                             appeared with a 132-hp,             hatchback. The hatch also bore
“It’s cheap enough                                                                           1.6-liter turbocharged engine.      the Mazdaspeed 3 in 2007. That
that someone looking                                                                            The early 1990s brought a        torque-steering monster
                                                                                             redesigned 323. The                 produced 263 hp from its
at an econobox could                                                                         hatchback retained its 82-hp        turbocharged 2.3-liter engine.
theoretically stretch to                                                                     engine, while the four-door

get it, but it’s also big                                                                    sedan, now called the
                                                                                             Protegé, got a
enough and grown-up                                            1978 GLC SPORT
                                                                                             103-hp 1.8-liter.
enough that a mid-size-                                  The second-generation
                                                                                             Although the
                                                                                             two compact
sedan buyer should                                    GLC, offered from 1981 to ’85          cars had
give it serious                                       and powered by a 68-hp,
                                                      1.5-liter four-cylinder, switched
                                                                                             similar faces,
                                                                                             they didn’t share
consideration.”                                       to front-wheel drive and added         much else, as body panels and
                                                                                                                                               2003 PROTEGÉ5
                                                      a sedan to accompany the               wheelbases were different. By
ignition, satellite radio, and a compact                                                     1995, the hatchback 323 was
                                                       1981 GLC SPORT                                                              2004 MAZDA 3
navigation system (together comprising                                                          dropped, leaving just the
the technology package, for $1195). That                                                        Protegé.
brought the bottom-line sticker price to a                                                           The second-generation
still-very-reasonable $22,570.                                                                   Protegé debuted in 1999
    At that price, it’s hard to argue that the                                                   and brought back the
3 is anything but a bargain. As assistant                                                        wagon body style in 2002
editor David Zenlea put it: “The 3                                                               as the Protegé5. In 2003,
occupies the sweet spot in terms of both                                                         the Mazdaspeed Protegé
pricing and size. It’s cheap enough that                                                          was introduced with a
someone looking at an econobox could
theoretically stretch to get it, but it’s also
big enough and grown-up enough that a               Many nice features are          60 mph. In real-world driving, though, the Mazda felt quicker
mid-size-sedan buyer should give it                 crammed into the                than that, partially because the engine is smooth enough that we
                                                    compact 3, but lots of
serious consideration.”                             mismatching colors and          enjoyed wringing it out, and partially because the relatively
    An important aspect of the little               fonts are present, too.         closely spaced gearing keeps the engine close to its torque peak.
Mazda’s grown-up demeanor is its                                                                                             That engineering solution
excellent chassis. From the logbook: “The                                                                                makes for a lively powertrain,
suspension is incredibly poised, sopping                                                                                 but it’s not a formula for
up bumps with almost Germanic                                                                                            ultimate fuel economy. As
composure.” The steering actually                                                                                        copy editor Rusty Blackwell
provides some feedback, and we liked the                                                                                 observed, “It seems that the
overall e ort levels. We also were digging                                                                               highway mileage could be
the fact that Mazda is able to keep torque                                                                               boosted significantly—and
steer at bay, despite the big four-cylinder’s                                                                            overall noise reduced at the
168 lb-ft of torque.                                                                                                     same time—if Mazda made
    That ample torque, combined with the                                                                                 fifth and sixth gears a bit
2.5-liter’s 167 hp, was enough to move the                                                                               taller. Even with the optional
3056-pound Mazda along at a reasonable                                                                                   engine, a compact car like this
clip; we measured 8.1 seconds from 0 to                                                                                  should be able to crack

98   Automobile | November 2010

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                                                                                                                                four seasons wrap-up

The Mazda’s navigation system—controlled by buttons on the steering wheel—is remarkably affordable, but its
screen is also incredibly small and doubles as the trip computer. Drivers enjoyed clear gauges and a slick stick shift.             2010 Mazda 3
30 mpg in EPA tests.” (The 2.5-liter 3 is              at least o er the ability to make inputs                                    Overview
rated at 21/29 mpg city/highway; the                   while keeping eyes on the road, but nearly                               BODY STYLE 4-door hatchback
                                                                                                                            ACCOMMODATION 5 passengers
2.0-liter version earns a 25/33 mpg rating.)           all functions—even simple map scrolling—                               CONSTRUCTION Steel unibody
We averaged 26 mpg overall.                            are locked out while the car is in motion.
    We might have gotten a bit better                  The price is relatively low compared with                                      ENGINE      16-valve DOHC I-4
mileage with the automatic transmission                most factory systems, but it’s still more                               DISPLACEMENT       2.5 liters (152 cu in)
(despite its having only five forward                   than you’d spend on a good aftermarket                                   HORSEPOWER        167 hp @ 6000 rpm
                                                                                                                                     TORQUE       168 lb-ft @ 4000 rpm
speeds); and we might have opted for it                system, which would have a larger screen,                               TRANSMISSION       6-speed manual
had we known how much sta ers would                    more functionality, and could also be used                                      DRIVE      Front-wheel
complain about the manual’s clutch                     by a passenger. The best anyone could say                                     Chassis
engagement. While most drivers praised                 about the factory unit is that it didn’t take                               STEERING Electrohydraulically
the shift action of the gearbox itself,                up a power outlet, leaving two for running                                            assisted
                                                                                                                              LOCK-TO-LOCK 2.9 turns
nobody liked the high engagement point                 a radar detector and charging a cell phone                            TURNING CIRCLE 35.8 ft
of the clutch, which, in                                               at the same time.                                  SUSPENSION, FRONT Strut-type, coil springs
concert with the overly             Pros&Cons                              On a more positive note,                        SUSPENSION, REAR Multilink, coil springs
                                                                                                                                 BRAKES F/R Vented discs/discs, ABS
sensitive throttle, became                                             there was nearly as much
                                    + Fun to drive                                                                                     TIRES Yokohama Avid S34
the most oft-repeated                                                  agreement on the little                                     TIRE SIZE 205/50VR-17
                                    + Reasonably priced
criticism of the car. Some          + Totally reliable
                                                                       Mazda’s seat comfort. After                            Measurements
drivers professed to                – Mediocre fuel economy            logging 1800 miles in three                            HEADROOM F/R   38.1/37.7 in
becoming accustomed to it           – Awkward clutch                   days on a quick jaunt to the                            LEGROOM F/R   42.0/36.2 in
                                    – Inferior nav system                                                                 SHOULDER ROOM F/R  54.9/54.0 in
after several months, but, as                                          East Coast, senior web
                                                                                                                               HIP ROOM F/R  53.7/52.2 in
associate editor Eric                                                  editor Phil Floraday                                         LXWXH    177.4 x 69.1 x 57.9 in
Tingwall noted, “The excellent automatic               deemed the seats “very comfortable.”                                      WHEELBASE   103.9 in
transmission that many of us have                      Contributor Ronald Ahrens, who took the                                    TRACK F/R  60.2/59.6 in
                                                                                                                                     WEIGHT  3056 lb
sampled in other Mazda 3s is a fine                     Mazda on a trip to southern Illinois, also                            WEIGHT DIST. F/R60.1/39.9%
consolation prize for those who can’t deal             praised the “excellent ergonomics.” But he                           CARGO CAPACITY   17.0/42.8 cu ft
with this clutch.”                                     demurred on some of the dashboard                                                     (rear seats up/down)
                                                                                                                              FUEL CAPACITY 15.9 gallons
    Right behind the clutch on the list of             lighting, saying, “My personal preferences                            EST. FUEL RANGE 410 miles
major-league gripes was the navigation                 preclude the garish garland of orange/red                                  FUEL GRADE 87 octane
system. In a car this inexpensive, a factory           lights on the instruments and accessory                               Our Test Results
navigation system is an unusual option—                controls.” At least we were able to                                          0–60 MPH8.1 sec
although it’s becoming less so—and                     extinguish the gimmicky blue flashing                                        0–100 MPH21.6 sec
                                                                                                                                            16.1 sec @ 88 mph
Mazda’s approach to it is unusual as well.             light that accompanied changes in sound                             30–70 MPH PASSING8.9 sec
The screen size is miniature, and the                  system volume (look in the “Audio Cont”                            PEAK ACCELERATION 0.50 g
display is in front of the driver rather than          menu). Apart from the questionable                                     SPEED IN GEARS1) 32; 2) 53; 3) 79; 4) 106;
in the center of the dash. The only controls           lighting, the cabin is generally well                                                5) 118; 6) 100 mph
                                                                                                                              CORNERING L/R 0.89/0.89 g
for it are located on the steering wheel, so           finished, if not quite as plush as that in the                       70–0 MPH BRAKING 170 ft
a front-seat passenger isn’t able to help              Grand Touring trim level.                                               PEAK BRAKING 1.01 g
with the programming. In theory, the                        We are always suckers for a
steering-wheel-mounted controls should                 hatchback’s versatility, and that was the

                                                                                                                              November 2010 |      99
                                                         four seasons wrap-up
                                                         Base price
                                                         Price as tested
                                                         Trade-in value
                                                         ABS; traction and
                                                         stability control;
                                                         air-conditioning; power
                                                         windows, mirrors, and
                                                         door locks; tilting/
                                                         telescoping steering
                                                         column; cruise control;
                                                         six-speaker AM/FM/CD/
                                                         MP3 stereo with
                                                         steering-wheel controls;
                                                         Bluetooth; foglamps;
                                                         seventeen-inch wheels;
                                                         front, side, and side
                                                         curtain air bags
                                                         Our options                           Our reliable Mazda 3 rolled
                                                         package (242-watt Bose
                                                                                               through 26,630 not-always-careful
                                                         ten-speaker surround-
                                                         sound stereo, moonroof,
                                                                                               miles with nary a hiccup.
                                                         in-dash six-disc CD
 The 3’s hatchback design provided lots of readily       changer), $1395;
 accessible storage space, which could quickly be        technology package
 enlarged by folding the rear seats forward.             (compact color
                                                         navigation screen,
                                                         keyless push-button
 case here, too. Although the Mazda’s                    ignition, six-month Sirius
 stylized hindquarters make for a less boxy              satellite radio
                                                         subscription, perimeter
 shape, and therefore less cargo space, than             alarm), $1195; all-
 in something like our recently departed                 weather floor mats, $80
 Honda Fit, o ce vagabond Zenlea found
                                                         *Estimate based on information from
 that “the 3 o ers plenty of room for your     

 boxes, furniture, or, in my case, poorly
 packed Hefty bags full of clothing.”
     Finally, we must mention reliability.
 Our Mazda 3 rolled through 26,630
 not-always-careful miles with nary a
 hiccup. Dealer service visits were routine
 in the extreme—just the way we like them.
     With this much poise, practicality, and
 punch packed into such a reasonably
 priced package, it was no surprise when
 this new Mazda 3 (together with its
 overachieving Mazdaspeed 3 sibling)
                                                             RUNNING                           “Handling is delightful for a front-driver—the 3 turns in crisply,
 ended up on our All-Stars list for 2010.                    COSTS                             and body roll is well controlled.” — ASSOCIATE WEB EDITOR EVAN MCCAUSLAND
     “It strikes a smart balance between an
                                                             MILEAGE: 26,630                   SCHEDULED                  22,620 mi: Remount        COST PER MILE:
 enthusiast’s car and an easygoing daily
                                                                                               MAINTENANCE:               stock Yokohama Avid       (Fuel, service, winter
 driver,” said deputy editor Joe DeMatio.                    WARRANTY:                         11,771 mi: $35.71          S34 all-season tires,     tires) $0.13 ($0.41
 Or, as New York bureau chief Jamie                          3-yr/36,000-mile                  19,681 mi: $54.37          $111.51                   including depreciation)
 Kitman concluded more emphatically:                                                           WARRANTY REPAIRS:          RECALLS:
 “This is the practical small car that                       5-yr/60,000-mile
                                                                                               None                       None
 America needs—with seating for five,                                                           OUT-OF-POCKET:
                                                             3-yr/36,000-mile                                             FUEL CONSUMPTION:
 room for gear, and a sure-footed chassis                    roadside assistance               11,756 mi: Purchase,       EPA city/hwy/combined
 that entertains without abusing the                                                           mount, and balance         21/29/24 mpg
                                                             5-yr/unlimited-mile               four Continental
 passengers. After spending time with it,                    corrosion                                                    Observed 26 mpg
 I no longer felt like I wanted to wipe the                                                    winter tires, $526.50
 smile o its face.”            — Joe Lorio

100    Automobile | November 2010

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    Batteries                              Accessories

Go to to find a store near you.
 What Matters to You?
Today, America needs fresh leadership to lead us as a
nation out of this economic crisis. Leadership must
come not only from our political leaders but also
from the average citizen. The exporting of American
jobs is a trend that must be stopped and reversed.
When I walk into my local hardware store, I typically
find 85% of the goods for sale are manufactured
7,000 miles away. Recognizable American brands
have been forced by shortsighted management and
buyers at large national chains to build factories
                                                         Foundation of
overseas just to save a lousy $.50 on a tape measure.
To these ruthless buyers, it is all about the money.
Rarely are product quality, the political system,
human rights, animal rights and environmental costs
                                                           Our New
to the planet considered, not to mention the cost to
our society of exporting not only jobs, but an
entire factory!
At MacNeil Automotive, we are doing our part
for the American economy and for our 300 million
fellow citizens and neighbors. My philosophy is that
if my neighbor doesn’t have a job, sooner or later I
won’t have a job either. For example, we used to
have our All-Weather Floor Mats manufactured in
England by a company that used antiquated,
inefficient equipment. They made a decent floor
mat for us, but we thought we could build a better
floor mat for our customers using modern American
technology, American raw materials and skilled
American workers. So in 2007 we transferred all of
our floor mat manufacturing back to the United
States. Today, we build the best fitting, highest
quality automotive floor mats in the world, right
here in America.

Our machine shop is equipped with 17 CNC
machining centers including four 4 axis mills and
one 5 axis mill that produce between 30 to 50 injec-
tion and thermoforming molds per month. We have
one shift of highly skilled American Journeymen         Site of MacNeil Automotive
toolmakers and apprentices, but our machines run
24 hours a day, 7 days a week. There is not a more      Manufacturing Facility Expansion
efficient tool and mold making operation in the         Bolingbrook, IL
world - and guess what, it’s right here in America.

©2010 by MacNeil IP LLC

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                      Furthermore, all of our CNC mills are manufactured
                      in Oxnard, CA by Haas. Our 1,000 ton injection
                      molding machines are made in Bolton, Ontario
                      of American and Canadian components. Our
                      thermoforming machinery is made in Carol Stream,
                      IL. The raw steel and aluminum billets which make
                      up our tooling are sourced from American steel and
                      aluminum mills such as Vista Metals in Fontana, CA.
                      The raw materials that make up our All-Weather
                      Floor Mats, FloorLiners, Cargo Liners and Mud
                      Flaps are manufactured in Bellevue OH, Arlington
                      TX, Wichita KS and Jasper TN. Our forklifts are
                      made in Columbus IN and Greene NY. Our
                      warehouse racking is manufactured in Tatamy PA.

                      At MacNeil Automotive, we are also very aware
                      of sustainability and our responsibility to the
                      environment. We are proactive in controlling waste
                      and recycling all of the unused raw materials from
                      the manufacture of our tooling and products includ-
                      ing: aluminum, steel, rubber, TPO, TPE, paper and

                      As you can see, we are as dedicated to designing,
                      developing and manufacturing the finest automotive
                      accessories for our consumer and OEM clients as we
                      are passionate about supporting the American econo-
                      my, preserving the American industrial infrastructure,
                      and keeping the “money” in our family, a family of
                      300 million people from all over America.

                      Life is simple; be good to your fellow man, be kind
                      to animals and the environment, and place building a
                      quality product, supporting your country and your
                      fellow American worker before profit. And, one last
                      thing - let’s all do our best to balance family time
                      with work time as our children are the future of


                      David MacNeil

                                              Specialists in Original Equipment and
                                              Aftermarket Automotive Accessories
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an additional PlateFrame™. WE GUARANTEE YOUR SATISFACTION. If you are not satisfied with your order, call to return your unused product within 30 days for a complete refund, less shipping & packaging. Prices subject to change without notice.

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Side Window Deflectors                                                                                                MudFlap
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                                                                                                                        Canadian Customers;
2435 Wisconsin Street • Downers Grove, IL 60515 • 630-769-1500 • fax 630-769-0300                                   ©2010 MacNeil Automotive Products Limited
  Three for the (o )road
  We take three all-wheel-drive

  long-termers out to play in the mud.
                ROSSOVERS HAVE BECOME SO commonplace as suburban
              accessories these days that it’s easy to forget that they do have o -road
              capabilities. Or should. With that in mind, we gave our Four Seasons Acura
              ZDX, Audi Q5, and Subaru Outback a break from their grocery runs and
              slung them through an o -road-vehicle route in northern Michigan. Our
  intent was not to conduct a torture test in which the winner would be the one that
  didn’t need to be winched out, but rather to have an all-wheel-drive adventure that any
  crossover owner should be able to make without risking life and tailpipe. That said, we
  weren’t sure at the outset of our journey if all three vehicles—on stock tires inflated to
  normal pressures—would come through with fenders and dignity intact.

106   Automobile | November 2010

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                                                                              four seasons logbook: fleet update

                                       THE SPECS
                                       Acura ZDX SH-AWD
                                       Price: $56,855
                                       Engine: 3.7L V-6,
                                        300 hp, 270 lb-ft
                                       Ground clearance: 7.9 in
                                       Wheelbase: 108.3 in
                                       Approach: 20°
                                       Departure: 23°
                                       Breakover: 17°
                                       Normal torque split,
                                        f/r: 60/40%
                                       Max torque split,
                                        f/r: 90/10 to 30/70%

                                       Audi Q5
                                       Price: $45,225
                                       Engine: 3.2L V-6,
                                        270 hp, 243 lb-ft
                                       Ground clearance: 7.9 in
                                       Wheelbase: 110.5 in
                                       Approach: 25°
                                       Departure: 25°
                                       Breakover: 18°
                                       Normal torque split,
                                        f/r: 40/60%
                                       Max torque split,
                                        f/r: 65/35 to 15/85%

                                       Subaru Outback 3.6R
                                       Price: $35,541
                                       Engine: 3.6L flat-6,
                                        256 hp, 247 lb-ft
                                       Ground clearance: 8.7 in
                                       Wheelbase: 107.9 in
                                       Approach: 19°
                                       Departure: 22°
                                       Breakover: 20°
                                       Normal torque split,
                                        f/r: 45/55%
                                       Max torque split,
                                        f/r: n/a

    The ride started simply enough, with a slow climb up a           puddles, you idiot.” It was the low-slung Acura, though, that
narrow trail. Senior web editor Phil Floraday, the o -road expert    made us the most nervous. Enough water sloshed into its engine
of the group, wryly advised us to use “as little power as possible   bay to momentarily cut power. It fought through and emerged
but as much as is necessary.” Easier said than done, especially in   with no assistance, but the air-conditioning blew hot air for the
the Outback, which has a di cult-to-modulate throttle.               rest of the day.
    The first true challenge arrived about fifteen minutes in,             The ZDX would regain a measure of confidence during our
when the three crossovers met a murky puddle. After Floraday         next obstacle—deep sand. Blessed with sophisticated torque-
deemed it fordable, the three vehicles waded through one by          vectoring all-wheel drive and defeatable traction control, it
one. No problem for the Q5, which kept its mouth above the           practically danced through the soft terrain, kicking up a rooster
water. The Outback wasn’t quite as comfortable. At the deepest       tail of sand in its wake. After the sand was churned and loosened,
point, water splashed up onto its hood, and the boxer engine         the Q5 and the Outback had more trouble, mostly because the
sputtered briefly before the car chugged its way out of the muck.     electronic nannies insisted on intervening even when we tried to
Clearly unhappy, the Subie belched some vile-smelling steam          disable them, cutting momentum and the wheel spin needed to
through its grille and flicked on a check-engine light that we can    keep the treads clean.
only assume means, “Don’t drive me through any more deep                 Our final hurdle was the most threatening—a steep slope

PHOTOGRAPHY BY A. J. MUELLER                                                                     November 2010 |   107
  techtonics: all-wheel drive

  Acura ZDX                                 Audi Q5                                    Subaru Outback
  Acura uses two clutches in the rear       Audi’s Quattro all-wheel drive is          So-called Symmetrical All-Wheel
  differential to manage the front-to-      based on a torque-sensing center           Drive isn’t necessarily symmetrical, as
  rear torque bias. Each clutch,            differential, with the bias controlled     Subaru now has four all-wheel-drive
  controlled by an electromagnetic coil,    by two sets of planetary gears and         systems, and only one has a base
  is responsible for sending torque to      several friction discs. The system’s       condition with a 50/50 split. Our
  one of the rear wheels. With an           weakness is the open differentials on      Outback’s arrangement typically
  electronically controlled system, the     the front and rear axles. To prevent       sends 55 percent of torque to the rear
  vehicle has to detect slip and actuate    the Q5 from spinning its wheels            wheels. Torque is divvied up by a
  the clutches before torque is rerouted.   helplessly, Audi doesn’t allow stability   compound planetary gearset; when
  It’s a slower response than Audi’s        control to be switched off. Instead, an    slip is detected, an electronically
  purely mechanical system, but with        “off-road” mode that lowers the            controlled clutch increases or reduces
  modern sensors and control systems,       intervention threshold is engaged.         the friction between the two ring
  you won’t exactly catch the Acura         To keep the Q5 moving forward if a         gears to change the front-to-rear
  napping. Plus, the ZDX can vary torque    wheel has no grip, the system applies      distribution. A viscous limited-slip rear
  between the left and right rear wheels    the brake on that wheel to direct          differential reacts to differences in
  better than any other vehicle here.       torque to the opposite side.               wheel speed. The front axle uses an
         ELECTROMAGNETICALLY                                                           open differential.        — Eric Tingwall
         CLUTCH                             QUATTRO CENTER DIFFERENTIAL

                                                          TO FRONT

                                                INPUT FROM           OUTPUT TO REAR     SUBARU 5-SPEED AUTOMATIC
                                                TRANSMISSION                            WITH CENTER DIFFERENTIAL
        ACURA SH-AWD

                                                 ■   For more Four Seasons fleet updates, go to

108   Automobile | November 2010
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Notes: 10,011 miles
“I was blown away by the ZDX’s
prowess on the obstacles we
tackled. It’s capable of far more than
any sane owner would actually
attempt to do with it.”
— senior web editor Phil Floraday
covered in the same deep, soft sand and pitted with ruts and            All of this may sound excessive, but our trio of crossovers did
drop-o s large enough to thoroughly trap any of the three           everything we asked of them, and none required more than a
vehicles. We were growing weary of the squealing pebble caught      thorough cleaning before reporting back for daily duty (the Q5’s
under its front brake caliper, but the Q5 was still going strong,   pebble popped out, the Outback’s check-engine light cleared, and
making it up the hill on the first try. The Subaru seemed to be      the Acura’s air-conditioning returned, all on their own accord).
doing fine as well until a slight steering error by our least        We also have greater appreciation for how and why these vehicles
experienced o -roader—me—sent it into one of the drop-o s.          di er from more carlike o erings. We better understand why
(Note: when your spotters cry, “No! No! Stop!” heed their           someone might pick a high-riding Q5 over an A4 Avant. The
advice.) With some careful reversing and a push from road test      Subaru’s soft ride, a constant complaint among editors, was a
coordinator Mike Ofiara, the Outback was freed. A second             godsend for the way it damped the constant crashing of the rough
assault—with a new driver—made the route look easy. The ZDX         trail. And the Acura . . . well, it still doesn’t make all that much
made it up on its first attempt, but after we reran the climb and    sense to us, but it performed bravely for being so clearly out of its
marred the trail, the Acura struggled the most. The heaviest of     element. It also might look a bit better when covered in mud.
the group at nearly 4500 pounds—about a half ton more than the      Most important, we can now confirm that any one of these
Outback—it needed a running start and a firm foot on the throttle    vehicles is capable of soft-road heroics with no modifications—
to conquer the sandy step at the top.                               but do try to stay out of deep puddles.                — David Zenlea

                                                                                                November 2010 |   109
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                                                       collectible classic

Audi 90 Quattro 20V                                                                                              1990–1991
Room for five. Cylinders, that is.

               nce upon a time, when the German car companies                                      located to the side of the engine. Besides,
               had only just begun one-upping each other with                                      everybody loves a good six, but a great
               continually increasing horsepower numbers, Audi’s                                   five would play directly into the hearts
80/90-series was the 97-pound weakling of the small-sedan                                          of Audi’s rally fans.
crowd. Its bu est competitors, the 158-hp Mercedes-Benz                                                Sadly, those fanatical fans turned out
190E 2.6 and the 168-hp BMW 325i, boasted in-line sixes that                                       to be few and far between on American
made mincemeat of even the most powerful Audi 90—that is,                                          soil. Audi wasn’t able to tell us just how
until 1990, when the Audi 90 Quattro 20V showed up to                                              many 90 Quattro 20Vs it sold here, but
challenge the big boys.                                                                            the number might not have even broken
     Ten extra valves pumped up the power output from 130 to                                       the four-figure mark. Finding one today
164 hp, dropping the four-ringed contender right into the thick of    Despite its 162,000          is di cult—and locating a relatively
the fight—and the 20V had something its rivals didn’t: four valves     miles, this 20V has          unmodified example for photographs
per cylinder and a tachometer that didn’t turn red until after it     remained clean and           proved to be quite a challenge. Luckily,
reached 7000 rpm.                                                     mostly stock outside,        once we climbed inside twenty-year-old
                                                                      with the exception of
     Of course, the Benz and Bimmer engine blocks had one thing       tinted turn signals in the
                                                                                                   Janne Rapakko’s pearl white metallic
the Audi was missing: a sixth cylinder. Thumping under the hood       front and black badges       20V, we remembered why we’d spent so
of the 90 was a five-cylinder—the divisive engine layout that          in the rear.                 much time looking for one.
seems to incite either love or disgust among critics. Some deride
it as a lose/lose proposition that o ers neither the smoothness of
an in-line six nor the fuel economy of a four-cylinder. Others,
upon hearing its gnarly, haunting exhaust note, are helplessly
transported to a rally stage where a Group B Audi Quattro might
pass a throng of frenzied spectators, creating thick clouds of dust
as it claws for traction in full opposite lock.
     European bureau chief Georg Kacher clearly wasn’t feeling the
rally-legend Michèle Mouton vibe when, in his October 1988
review of the Audi 90 Quattro 20V, he posed the question, “After
all their diligent work, might the folks in Ingolstadt have better
spent their time developing a smooth, torquey, potent in-line six?”
     Well, if they had, their work would have been in vain, because
a look under the hood of an Audi 90 confirms that a six would
never have fit. As it was, the five-cylinder engine was practically
wedged between the firewall and the grille. Space was so tight
that there wasn’t even room for a radiator up front—it had to be

PHOTOGRAPHY BY ANDREW YEADON                                                                              November 2010 |   111
                                                                                                               collectible classic

                                                                                                                           2.3L DOHC I-5,
                                                                                                                           164 hp, 157 lb-ft
                                                                                                                           5-speed manual
                                                                                                                           SUSPENSION, FRONT
                                                                                                                           Strut-type, coil springs
                                                                                                                           SUSPENSION, REAR
                                                                                                                           Strut-type, coil springs
                                                                                                                           BRAKES F/R
                                                                                                                           Vented discs/discs,
                                                                                                                           3180 lb

                                                                                                                           THE INFO
                                                                                                                           YEARS PRODUCED
                                               Right: The center stack/                                                    NUMBER PRODUCED
    The 90’s all-business cabin is pure                                                                                    Likely fewer than 1000
                                               console includes a button
Germano-functional luxury, with leather                                                                                    for the U.S. market
                                               to turn off the ABS, one
and wood and an automatic climate control      to lock the rear                                                            ORIGINAL PRICE
system sourced, oddly enough, from             differential, triple VDO                                                    $27,500 (1990)
                                                                                                                           VALUE TODAY
General Motors. The interior also contains     gauges, and climate
                                               controls from an old                                                        $1000–$3000
a trio of gauges made by VDO that were                                                                                     WHY BUY?
                                               Cadillac. What a combo.
common to the era’s autobahn missiles, but                                                                                 The 20V was a high-
closer inspection reveals two buttons that                                                                                 strung, all-wheel-drive,
you’ve never seen in a BMW or a                                            this as the driver’s car of the 80/90 lineup.   135-mph autobahn
                                                                                                                           stormer that derived
Mercedes: one to disengage the antilock                                    The 2.3-liter five-cylinder demands that         its coolness from
brakes and one to lock the rear di erential.                               you keep the tachometer needle aimed            Audi’s rally heritage.
Holy hairpin, Batman—what are those                                        high, and its heavy flywheel requires a big      Sadly, that didn’t
doing here?                                                                stomp of your right Piloti to blip revs         matter to luxury-car
                                                                                                                           buyers, making this a
    It’s safe to say that the 90 20V was                                   between gears. There’s a sti spot in the
                                                                                                                           very rare car indeed.
conceived at a time when Audi was                                          accelerator pedal’s travel that tells you       The 90 Quattro 20V’s
struggling to find its identity—the brand                                   when you’ve begun to open the secondary         powertrain was also
was still buzzing from its domination of                                   throttle butterfly—and that’s when the           installed in the slightly
the World Rally Championship, but it was                                   real music starts.                              more common 1990–
                                                                                                                           91 Coupe Quattro,
also trying to make inroads into the                                           In a television interview, Michèle          which is heavier and
luxury-car market. Of this existential                                     Mouton once said that if she had one            more expensive.
struggle, there is no better example than                                  emotion about rallying, “of course, it’s the
the 90 Quattro 20V.                                                        noise of the Quattro. I mean, nobody can
    Four-wheel drive wasn’t yet en vogue                                   forget the noise. Even today, I think we
with American luxury buyers, so it’s not                                   miss this kind of noise.”
surprising that the original owners of this                                    We, the rally fans, most certainly do.
20V aren’t typical American luxury-car                                     But Kacher was right—luxury-car buyers
buyers—they’re Rapakko’s Finnish parents.                                  clearly prefer smooth, torquey, low-
Finns, you’ll note, are a people obsessed                                  revving six-cylinder engines. The 90
with rally driving—and Rapakko volunteers                                  Quattro 20V survived only two years, and
that he spends a lot of                                                    when a high-output version of the 90
time playing on mountain                                                   returned, it did so with a wheezing,
roads in his 20V. “I’m                                                     twelve-valve, six-cylinder engine. A V-6,
Finnish,” he says. “That’s                                                 in fact, was chosen because its short
what we do.”                                                               length meant it could easily fit where no
    The 20V engine was                                                     in-line six could.
paired only with                                                               But in Audi’s book of heritage and
all-wheel drive, a sport                                                   history, there’s room enough for only one
suspension, and a                                                          hot 90 sedan—the one with five cylinders,
five-speed manual                                                           twenty valves, and an ABS kill switch.
transmission, confirming                                                                            — Jason Cammisa

112   Automobile | November 2010

                                         True PDF release: storemags & fantamag
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  Monterey 2010
  Monterey, California
  August 12–15, 2010

  By Dave Kinney

         he events surrounding the Pebble
        Beach Concours d’Elegance never seem
        to stop expanding. The headlines tell us
       that the economy is stagnant, but you                      FEATURE CAR
      certainly wouldn’t have known that if                     1953 FORD CRESTLINE SUNLINER SOLD AT $25,970
     you were on the Monterey Peninsula                         SN B3LC114709. Sungate ivory with black top over yellow and black vinyl.
  during the second week of August. On top of                   110-hp, 239-cubic-inch V-8; automatic transmission. Well-done paint, but the
  the historic races, new-car introductions,                    chrome has issues. Some fit problems, but the top is good. Has a continental-style
  dinners, parties, and, of course, the                         faux spare-tire hump on the trunk lid, a period-correct accessory. The interior
  number-one concours in North America,                         has correct materials and looks good. A driver that would need a lot to redo.
  there were also five major auctions to attract                 This appeared to be both an honest and a steadfast example, well used
  your attention. This year’s auction results                   but well loved at the same time. Way too nice to even think of restoring;
  were substantially higher than last year’s                    forget the flaws and drive the wheels o it. With summertime fun that
  depressed levels. The final numbers for the                    can stretch to three seasons, this car was worth the high bid.
  weekend were a hair short of $175 million.
      British-based auction house Bonhams
  reported sales of $18.6 million. Its event,
  held as a one-day sale in previous years, was
  expanded and held over two consecutive
  days this time around. Gooding & Company
  chimed in with sales just shy of $65 million.
  Its venue, up the hill from the Pebble Beach
  lawn, made the Sunday night of its two-day                    1984 ROLLS-ROYCE SILVER SPUR              1986 CHEVROLET CORVETTE
  event the place to be after a day at the                      SOLD AT $24,380                           CONVERTIBLE SOLD AT $21,200
  concours. Mecum’s total was $16.7 million,                    SN SCAZN42AOECX87. Georgian               SN 1G1YY6787G5906811. Red with
  done without the help of a single                             silver with gray vinyl top over gray      white top over red leather. 5.7-liter
  multimillion-dollar sale (last year’s                         leather. 6.8-liter V-8; automatic.        V-8; four-speed manual. Dealer-
  $7-million-plus Shelby Cobra Daytona was                      20,857 miles. Very clean, low-            owned, claimed 493 original miles.
  quite a boost to Mecum’s overall 2009 tally).                 mileage example with no visible           The paint is all factory-applied and as
  RM Auctions had the weekend’s highest                         repaint or repairs. The Everflex top       good as new. The top shows some dirt
  total, with sales of $67 million. This year, the              is as-new. Only light wear on the         but will brighten with a good cleaning.
  host hotel, the Portola Hotel & Spa in                        driver’s seat and a touch on the          Wear visible on the driver’s seat;
  downtown Monterey, was virtually                              passenger seat. Excellent wood, dash,     perhaps this car sat in a place where
  rebranded as the RM Inn; there was no                         and carpets.                              people got in and out of it.
  confusion about whose event was happening                     To an American buyer’s eyes,              We wouldn’t question the miles
  inside. Bringing up the rear both                             the blackwall tires don’t help the        based only on seat wear, as cars
  alphabetically and monetarily, Russo and                      looks but do give the Rolls a crisp       occasionally get more interior
  Steele reported a bit more than $8 million                    appearance. This car isn’t exactly        “test drives” than actual ones.
  for its Monterey event, which continued                       brand-new, but it is lightly used         Pretty much a time-capsule car,
  with an unusual all-reserve format.                           and appears to have been looked           but that time capsule goes back
      The group totals were up, and, more                       after well. You could spend more          only twenty-four years. A great
  important, each individual auction house                      on a new Toyota, but then no one          buy for the long-term investor.
  exceeded last year’s figures. In some cases, it                would think you just won the              However, it will quickly become
  took an extra day of sales to get there, but                  lottery. This was a fair price.           just another used car if driven.
  for now, the top end of the collector-car
  market remains strong.

114   Automobile | November 2010

                                          True PDF release: storemags & fantamag
                                                 storemags & fantamag - magazines for all

SOLD AT $17,490
SN C453263150. Silver over white
vinyl. 360-hp, 413-cubic-inch V-8;
automatic. High-quality repaint
on what appears to be a straight
body; some chips from road use.
Good brightwork. Great shut lines
and gaps. Original-style interior is
lightly worn but still nice.
A slice of midcentury Chrysler
engineering, well done and with                             FEATURE CAR
lots of options. Still, this car also                     1973 CITROËN SM SOLD AT $50,600
represents quite conservative                             SN AC7300SD0707. Gold over dark tan leather. 190-hp, 2965-cc V-6; five-speed manual. 28,325 miles.
styling in a nonconvertible                               Very good paint. Excellent panel fit. Good but not great chrome with some light scratches. Excellent glass.
form—not the most eye-                                    The U.S. side-marker lights have been removed, and European-style swiveling headlamps have been added
catching or smile-producing                               to this U.S.-delivery car. Leather shows some wear and age.
formula. Half the price of what                           One of the few nice examples remaining, as most Citroën SMs seen at auction recently have been
you might expect to pay for the                           reprehensible and have struggled to bring $10,000 bids. Those days are close to being over, but these
same thing in a convertible.                              complicated French/Italian hybrids aren’t easy for mere mortals to understand, much less work on.
                                                          If your idea of fun is French hydraulics combined with Italian mechanicals, you’re a brave person.
SOLD AT $41,340
SN C455588. Burgundy over
burgundy leather and tan cloth.
114-hp, 251-cubic-inch straight
six; three-speed manual. In need
of extensive recommissioning.
Shiny paint has some flaws. Pitted,
scratched chrome. Wood appears
original and, if restored, would need      1957 PACKARD CLIPPER COUNTRY              1933 ALFA ROMEO 8C 2300                   1995 McLAREN F1
lots of help. Worn, stained seats.         SEDAN SOLD AT $57,750                     MONZA SOLD AT $6,710,000                  SOLD AT $3,575,000
Restorations can be expensive              SN 57L3011. Light purple and white        SN 2311218. Burgundy over black           SN 062. Silver over black and gray.
on any car; throw in massive               over light purple vinyl and mauve         leather. 192-hp, 2866-cc straight         627-hp, 6.1-liter V-12; six-speed
wooden body sections and                   cloth. 275-hp, 289-cubic-inch V-8;        eight; four-speed manual.                 manual. Three-seater. Less than
watch those figures go ballistic.           automatic transmission. Excellent         Ex-Scuderia Balestrero; 1947 Italian      3500 miles. A two-owner, California-
Although this is likely to be one          condition throughout. Show-quality        sports car championship winner.           registered car. Unmarked paint. All
of the least-expensive woodies             paint. All trim is complete and           Coachwork by Brianza. A factory-built     trim and glass is excellent. No signs
sold at auction this year, don’t           excellent. First-class fit and finish.      third-series car. Gear-driven Roots-      of age or use wear, no fading. Inside
mistake it for a best buy—it’s             Interior has been done to the same        type supercharger sold with the car’s     has all-original equipment, with no
not. If someone wanted this as             level of care, with excellent seats,      original 2336-cc engine block.            out-of-place bits.
a fun cruiser and nothing more,            dash, and gauges.                         Big-dollar collectors are looking         Rumor had it that this car had
they did fine. But don’t even               Expensive? You bet. But as the            for a number of things in their           met its reserve before the auction
think of starting a restoration            man says, “Find another one               automotive investments. One is a          started and there were bids
unless you are a) very wealthy             this nice.” For some reason,              well-known and unbroken chain             su cient enough to sell it even
or b) a ship’s carpenter.                  Packards from the final years of           of ownership history, another             before the auctioneer approached
                                           the company have been showing             is event eligibility. This car fits        the podium. McLaren F1s are
                                           up on the auction circuit with            both categories; its history is           hot again; perhaps the news that
                                           great regularity. This Studebaker         known, and the new owner is               production will start soon on
                                           in drag is ready for its next show,       just about guaranteed entry into          a new series of cars has driven
                                           and it makes quite a statement in         every historic race or significant         interest. Well sold for now, but this
                                           these colors.                             concours he wishes to attend.             could be a new benchmark price.

                                                                                                                       November 2010 |       115

 SOLD AT $187,000
 SN 1301GT. Burgundy with silver
 top over black leather. 240-hp,
 2953-cc V-12; four-speed manual.
 A barn find—paint and chrome
 show both use and age wear.
 Complete, but everything will need a
 thorough cleaning and/or repair and
 replacement.                                       FEATURE CAR
 The barn-find phenomenon                          1961 PORSCHE 356B SUPER COUPE SOLD AT $46,800
 continues. At one time, the only                 SN 120386. Red over black leather. 88-hp, 1582-cc flat four; four-speed manual. A ’62 model titled as a ’61.
 interested people would have                     High-quality paint with only a few flaws. Excellent chrome and trim. Excellent interior is only lightly worn. Clean
 been those seeking to restore such               and well presented.
 a car. Now the pool of potential                 Part of the Michael Amalfitano collection and a very appealing, if by no means perfect, example. Not
 buyers includes folks who’d like to              just a 356B but also a Super coupe with a sunroof, which some people consider the best configuration
 show the car in one of the many                  possible. Count us among those who thought this car looked ready to take a cross-country trip. A
 preservation-class events at                     minor bargain in today’s market.
 various concours. Sold for a price
 where you can still find a decent
 example with good paint and
 chrome and no apparent needs.
 Warning for those of you at home:
 don’t try to understand this.

 SN 63R053755. Deep maroon over               1951 LEA-FRANCIS                          1953 JAGUAR XK120                        1959 CADILLAC SERIES 62
 gray cloth. 325-hp, 390-cubic-inch           FOURTEEN ESTATE                           ROADSTER                                 CONVERTIBLE
 V-8; automatic. About 35,000 miles.          SOLD AT $22,230                           SOLD AT $39,195                          SOLD AT $105,300
 A few light scratches and one or two         SN 8582. Burgundy with black              SN S674081. Red over tan                 SN 59F104226. Light tan with tan
 chips in the well-done paint. Very           top over tan leather. 65-hp,              leather. 3442-cc in-line six;            top over dark tan leather. 325-hp,
 good chrome. Very clean interior             1767-cc in-line four; four-speed          automatic. Very tired older paint        390-cubic-inch V-8; automatic.
 includes all proper Cadillac parts.          manual. Older paint exhibits quite        with quite a few runs, hits, and         55,770 miles. No air-conditioning.
 It might look like a limo, but               a few signs of poor prep work.            errors; some mismatched colors           Good paint. Most chrome is well
 it’s actually a stretched four-              Some pits and a few dings in the          on repainted panels. Trim runs the       above “good enough” but is far
 door sedan. The di erence? For               brightwork. The wood appears              gamut from poor to very good.            from show quality. Interior is worn
 starters, this sedan carries no              original with matching grain,             Older leather still has life left;       and was refinished at some point.
 division window. Typical uses for            except for some places                    decent dash.                             A driver-quality car.
 the stretched sedan included high-           in the back with putty filler and          Why so cheap? Two reasons:               1959 Cadillacs were once the
 end airport transfers and perhaps            touch-up painting.                        First is the automatic                   darlings of the collector-car
 corporate or funeral-home use.               This car, from a company                  transmission, which no one               set; no garage was complete
 This example looks to have lived a           you’ve never heard of, has a              expects in a 1950s sports                without their larger-than-life
 pampered life so far. Well bought            serious case of the cutes. More           car. The most important                  fins. Many collectors have
 if you have a big family or a small          fun to imagine as a small-town            concern here, though, is                 since moved on, and they
 blues band.                                  driver than to think about                condition—this car has needs             discovered that they can fit
                                              restoring. But keep in mind               from bumper to bumper. Still, if         two decent-size collector cars
                                              that the Fourteen in the model            this XK checks out and can be            where one ’59 Caddy used to
                                              designation is the car’s taxable          driven without costing a small           park. Pricey for its condition,
                                              horsepower. Worth more in its             fortune, it’s Jag fun for half           but everyone should own one
                                              native England.                           price or less.                           of these at some time.

116   Automobile | November 2010

                                            True PDF release: storemags & fantamag
                                                storemags & fantamag - magazines for all

SOLD AT $46,800
SN 135AS0000698. Red with tan
top over tan leather. 158-hp, 1987-cc
V-6; five-speed manual. 82,823
miles. Very good paint but some
orange peel near the windshield.
Chrome shows some age, but most
small pieces are excellent. Nice
interior in places—poor wood but
very nice seats and door panels.
Never o cially imported into                               FEATURE CAR
the United States, the Fiat                             2002 LINCOLN CONTINENTAL CONCEPT SOLD AT $56,100
Dino came in both coupe and                             SN N/A. Light blue over white leather. 414-hp, 6.0-liter V-12; six-speed automatic. Suicide doors. A Lincoln
spider (convertible) versions. A                        show car that can’t be titled or driven on public roads. This car doesn’t run, and the electronics have been
Fiat with a Ferrari-engineered                          disabled. The side windows are glass, but the windshield is made of light plastic. Rides on Continental-brand
V-6, Dinos have proven to be                            tires; someone at Ford with a sense of humor ordered the word “Lincoln” embossed on the tire sidewalls—
popular collector cars. If no                           right in front of the “Continental” logo. Four bucket seats with full console and tray tables in the rear.
serious problems lurk within this                       A rolling shell of a similar car, lot #126, sold for $15,400. Absolutely a Lincoln collector’s delight . . . 
example, it was well bought.                            but after you get it home, just what do you propose to do with it? Part of a large collection of Ford
                                                        Motor Company concept cars sold to benefit the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation and the
1967 JAGUAR E-TYPE                                      Children’s Center in Detroit, this was a great way for Ford to do good and clean out the concept-car
SERIES 1 CONVERTIBLE                                    closet. In the past, many concept cars have been destroyed to avoid potential liability issues.
SOLD AT $49,140
SN 1E14777. Red with black top
over black leather. 265-hp, 4.2-liter
in-line six; four-speed manual.
45,078 miles. An older restoration
that appears to have been used since
and is now in “driver” condition.
Good paint has some flaws; good
chrome; window felt is pulling out in
                                          1950 FORD ITALMECCANICA IT160              1948 TUCKER 48                           1953 STUDEBAKER
places. The interior, although clean
                                          COUPE SOLD AT $143,000                     SOLD AT $1,127,500                       COMMANDER PICKUP
and correct, is aged and worn. Great
                                          SN 496252024. Metallic red/copper          SN 1045. Navy blue over blue cloth.      SOLD AT $52,250
period-correct Becker AM/FM radio.
                                          over red vinyl and ivory cloth. Flathead   166-hp, 334-cubic-inch flat six; four-    SN 8351059. Mint green over light
Late Series 1 E-types are now
                                          V-8; three-speed column-shifted            speed preselector manual. 609 miles.     green and white leather. 200-plus-hp,
generally referred to as
                                          manual. Older paint might be from the      A few scars and dings in the paint.      259-cubic-inch V-8; three-speed
Series 1.5 examples. Occasionally,
                                          1970s and has some issues, including       Big chrome pieces are all excellent,     manual with overdrive. A coupe that
when condition absolutely meets
                                          scratches and dings. Dry gaskets,          but some small bits have needs. Good     has been converted to a pickup.
price, you get a textbook example
                                          pitted chrome, but complete. Period        glass and shut lines, but the doors      High quality paint and chrome,
of a car that sells exactly at the
                                          interior with great gauges and dash.       need aligning. The interior shows well   great fit and finish. The full custom
number it should. This is a spot-
                                          O ered at no reserve, the catalog          and appears correct, but there are       interior is also well done and in very
on, market-correct price.
                                          estimate of $60,000–$100,000               dirt stains on the front seats and the   good condition.
                                          seemed low. The bidders agreed,            door panels.                             The so-called Kart Hauler was
                                          as this car brought $43,000 over           This car makes a grand entrance          first shown at the 1959 Oakland
                                          its high estimate. Handsome and            into the $1 million club, even with      Roadster Show. It was displayed
                                          with a very 1950s Italian look, this       some obvious needs. More money           at Monterey with a go-kart in its
                                          Ford-engined, Italian-designed             will have to be spent to bring it up     shallow bed. It was the buyer’s
                                          and -built car is an early example         to snu . Don’t expect to find many        lucky day, since this Studey was
                                          of someone’s desire for easy               Tuckers below the million-dollar         purchased for much less than it
                                          serviceability in an exotic package.       threshold soon.                          would have cost to restore.

                                                                                                                       November 2010 |        117

                   FEATURE CAR
                 2005 FORD GT
                 SOLD AT $155,100
                 SN 1FAFP90S15Y401910. Silver
                 with black stripes over black leather.
                 550-hp, 5.4-liter supercharged V-8;
                 six-speed manual. McIntosh AM/FM/CD
                 stereo. BBS forged-aluminum wheels.
                 No flaws in the paint or trim. The
                 interior looks new as well.
                 Very few cars end their depreciation
                 cycle just when it has started. Ford
                 GTs have proven to be the exception
                 to the rule; they really haven’t
                 gone down in value since their
                 introduction, although it’s true that
                 some owners paid a premium over
                 list. New, in-the-wrapper Ford GTs
                 are getting increasingly di cult to
                 find. Just five years out, it’s clear
                 that Ford created a vehicle destined
                 to become a classic.

     1937 FORD TUDOR DELUXE                   1980 FERRARI 308GTBi                      1959 PORSCHE 356A COUPE                1961 MERCEDES-BENZ 190SL
     SOLD AT $35,200                          SOLD AT $38,500                           SOLD AT $44,000                        SOLD AT $31,900
     SN 18-4164853. Black over gray           SN ZFFAA01A1A0031673. Red                 SN 106707. Red over saddle leather.    SN A1210401001103. White over
     cloth. 221-cubic-inch V-8; three-        over black leather. 2927-cc V-8;          Modified flat four; four-speed           black leather. 1897-cc in-line four;
     speed manual. Sale includes a            five-speed manual. 31,996 miles.           manual. Very good quality paint;       four-speed manual. Quite a few chips
     two-year-old tandem-axle trailer.        Paint has plenty of high-quality          chrome has some pitting. Lots          in the paint, especially at the leading
     Excellent restoration appears            shine. Excellent trim. Fresh Michelin     of modifications to the engine          edge of the hood. Some waviness
     recent. The paint and chrome, as         tires on unscuffed wheels. Recently       and mechanicals, as this car was       in the body panels. Respectable
     well as all trim, are first-rate. Fresh   serviced. The very good interior is all   used for racing in the 1980s.          chrome. Top appears new.
     gaskets, excellent glass. Converted      original; only the driver’s seat shows    The interior retains many original     Delaminated windshield glass. Clean
     to twelve volts. Offenhauser cylinder    any wear.                                 elements but also sports quite a few   interior, good door panels, very good
     heads. Inside is every bit as nice as    Sadly, many 308GTBs fell into             modifications.                          seats and dash. Leaking coolant
     outside—very well-turned-out, great      the hands of owners who could             The 356-series Porsches are easily     under the car is not a good sign.
     fit and quality.                          not, or would not, pay for their          adaptable to many di erent             There’s evidence of a lot of
     Closer to a gift than a sale,            upkeep. There are plenty of 308s          competitive events. This car had       money having been spent here,
     this Ford Tudor was among the            that aren’t good buys at $25,000.         seen some track time in its past.      but it seems to have been done
     best bargains of the week.               On the contrary, this car is worth        If the new owner intends to keep       piecemeal instead of with a
     Think of it as a $65,000                 every penny of its $38,500 sale           that tradition alive, this was a       comprehensive restoration plan.
     restoration that the new owner           price. As an obviously well-              good platform to start with. If he     Cheap in today’s market, but
     didn’t have to pay for. The icing        cared-for example, this is one            has plans to restore it to stock,      how much more will be invested
     on the cake was the trailer that         thirty-year-old Ferrari that could        not so good. A decent buy for a        before das Benz is in apple-
     came for free.                           actually appreciate from here.            narrow market.                         strudel order?

 118   Automobile | November 2010

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                                                         120   Automobile | November 2010

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                                           November 2010 |   121
upshift                              vile gossip
                                                                                        by JEAN

 The automotive weekend of the year.

            S THRILLING AS the vintage
           races always are at Mazda Raceway
          Laguna Seca in mid-August, I’m
         glad I wasn’t there to watch Stirling
         Moss’s crash. It wasn’t as bad as it
             could have been, but after
        plunging three flights down his
 home’s elevator shaft last March, Sir
 Stirling, 80, had been pushing the
 boundaries of rehab to be ready to race his
 recently acquired 1961 Porsche RS61 during
 the big weekend. He seemed no worse for
 the wear when we caught up at Mercedes-
 Benz’s celebrity-laden Sunday party at the
 Pebble Beach concours. There was so much
 action on the Monterey Peninsula that, by
 Sunday, we were ready for that party.
     We start the weekend on Thursday            Half of those bags that       sporting a black leather jacket she whipped up from the Connolly
 with Mazda, which—for the tenth year in         went into the Mazda 2         hides she used to reupholster the Bugatti’s seats back in 1979.
 a row—leads a road trip to the golden           belong to Mr. Jennings, I         I’ve callously swapped the Mazda 2 for a stunning blue and
                                                 swear. Old friend Ellie
 peninsula. This year, we take Mazda 2s.         Haga in a jacket made of
                                                                               stainless Rolls-Royce Phantom Drophead Coupé that imbues me
 Ours easily gobbles up the ridiculous           leftover hides from her       and the girlfriends I stu into it with magnetism of mythical
 amount of luggage my husband and I have         Bugatti Type 35’s seat. The   proportion. With the top down, we are instantly more beautiful,
 overpacked. The little buzzbomb also            girls and the Drophead:       thinner, younger, richer, and infinitely more fascinating to all we
                                                 Sue Spender, Patty Bryant,
 holds its own on the freeway and twisty                                       pass. People in Carmel step from Ferraris and curbs with camera
                                                 Erica Amestoy, author (in
 two-lanes heading west from U.S. 101.           hat), and Karen Shocknek.     phones as we waft by. Two bucks for the valet to mind the chariot
     Friday begins with a Rolls-Royce            1932 Alfa Romeo Tipo B        no longer seems su cient.
 breakfast at Sir Michael Kadoorie’s Quail       “Don Lee Special,” the first       Over the hill, Lilli Bertone is the uno cial contessa of the
 Lodge (he also owns the Peninsula Hotel         single-seater in grand prix   packed Concorso Italiano. Mike Robinson, Bertone chief designer,
                                                 racing. Legends Denise
 Group), then a stroll through The Quail, a      McCluggage and Hurley
                                                                               has been on the Continent for some three decades and serves as
 very exclusive car/food/wine show on the        Haywood meet at the           translator with his charming, vaguely Euro-accented English.
 grounds. Most of the luxury marques are         Concours d’Elegance. 1939         Saturday evening is cooking school with Mazda at Mary Pagan’s
 here with mini-showrooms to catch the           Indian Scout team racers,     Culinary Center of Monterey. The cozy upstairs room is packed
                                                 part of Pebble’s large bike
 wandering dollars of the wealthy. For the                                     with journalists and their spouses, crackling with anticipation. For
                                                 display. Yes, Smokey
 third straight year, Michael Fux takes          Robinson. I can die now.      the food and fun? No, for the hotly anticipated appearance of
 delivery of a bespoke Rolls—this year a                                       Hollyweird’s nicest actor/heartthrob, Patrick Dempsey. He arrives,
 luminous white-over-white, leather-lined                                      he hugs and kisses, he vamps it up on home videos with the wives,
 Ghost. It is rumored to be at least the                                       he eats, he drinks, and then he rushes o to the Russo and Steele
 fourth car he’s picked up this weekend,                                       auction (see page 114) to help pump up the bidding on his
 including a Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG and                                         championship-winning Mustang race car. The journalists are left
 two Ferraris, a 458 Italia and a California.                                  to ponder entertaining each other. The bar is suddenly crowded.
                                                                                                                                                      PHOTOS BY JEAN JENNINGS

     A squadron of old Bugattis roars in and                                       The epicenter of the Concours d’Elegance is the Mercedes-
 there is Ellie Haga, widow of Camaro                                          Benz balcony at the Lodge at Pebble Beach, which hangs over the
 designer Hank Haga, in the 1924 Bugatti                                       reviewing stand. Actors, racing drivers, and the usual press
 Type 35 prototype she and Hank bought                                         buzzards swill champagne as the day closes, on best behavior lest
 forty-four years ago. She always did all the                                  their mercurial host with the most, PR boss Geo Day, toss them
 welding repairs and has continued, with                                       out (where the quality of the bubbly drops precipitously).
 her son, to drive and race the car. Ellie is                                      Thomas Jane (Hung) wore shoes this year. So did I. AM

122   Automobile | November 2010

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