April 2007 WCC _08-34_

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                                                                                                                                        A Publication of Cornell Cooperative Extension - Warren County
    _______________________________________                                                                  In This Issue:
    Zip Code________________________________                                                                 •   Where Does Maple Flavor
                                                                                                                 Come From?
                                                                                                                 Selecting Perennials: Three
                                                                                                             •   The Wondrous Skunk                       GARDEN & FLOWER SHOW
                                                                                                                                                                            April 27 - 29
THIS IS THE LAST ISSUE OF THE WARREN COUNTY                                                                  •   Ground Ivy and
To renew your subscription clip the form below and send to                                                       Dandelions……………pg.6
Cornell Cooperative Extension of Warren County.
                                                                                                             •   Consumer Product Safety                          Location: Lake George Forum
                                                                                                                                                                 Hours: Friday: 4 p.m. - 8 p.m.
Cornell                                          Warren County Connection                  STANDARD          •   Failing to Maintain Home
                                                                                                                                                                        Saturday: 10 a.m. - 7 p.m.
Cooperative                                                                              U.S. Postage Paid       Costs Homeowners Their
Extension                                            “Information for Everyday Living”   Warrensburg, N.Y.       Investment…………                                  Sunday: 10 a.m. - 5 p.m.
of Warren County                                                                          Permit No. #10
                                                                                                             •   Questions and Answers
                                                                                                                 About Asbestos……              A spectacular setting for an impressive array of full
                                                                                                                                                              blooming landscape displays, gardening
                                                                                                             •   When Your Child Is                     lectures, floral arrangements, horticulture exhibits,
                                                                                                                                                           and a large-scale garden marketplace. National
                                                                                                             •   Boosting Parent’s Self-                 gardening celebrities Roger Swain and Paul Tukey
                                                                                                                 Confidence………….pg.12                  will appear as keynote speakers for the debut of the
                                                                                                             •   Parents Can Help Prevent              Adirondack Garden & Flower Show. These two TV
                                                                                                                 Childhood Obesity…             personalities currently co-host the widely acclaimed
                                                                                                             •   Preventing Childhood                         HGTV series, “People, Places, & Plants.”
                                                                                                                                                           Admission: $6.00, children 15 and under FREE
                                                                                                             •   Tips for Parents……
                                                                                                                                                                  when accompanied by an adult.
                                                                                                             •   Get Moving!            Present your Price Chopper Advantage Card
                                                                                                                                                                         and Save $1.00!
                                                                                                             From the Eat Smart
                                                                                                             New York Page……
                                                                                                                 Cut Down of Fat -
                                                                                                                 Not On Taste
Cornell Cooperative Extension of Warren County                 Cornell Cooperative Extension                                                                          With a financial budget, the essentials are items like rent and
                                                                                                                                                                      food. The extras are things like movies and vacations. In a
           377 Schroon River Road
           Warrensburg, NY 12885
                                                                         Calendar                                                                                     calorie budget, the “essentials” are the minimum calories re-
   Phone (518) 623-3291 or (518) 668-4881                                                                                                                             quired to meet your nutrient needs. By selecting the lowest
                                                                        April 2007                                                                                    fat and no-sugar-added forms of foods in each food group you
             Fax: (518) 668-4912
Visit Our Web Site:
                                                      Exploring Credit & Debt - April 4 at the Cornell Cooperative
                                                                                                                                                                      would make the best nutrient “buys.” Depending on the                                         Cut Down on Fat –
                                                                                                                                                                      foods you choose, you may be able to spend more calories
William M. Schwerd
      ● Interim Executive Director
                                                      Extension Education Center in Warrensburg.                                                                      than the amount required to meet your nutrient needs. These                                     Not on Taste
Ann E. Kokosa                                                                                                                                                         calories are the “extra” that can be used on luxuries like solid
                                                      Taking Energy-Efficient Lighting To the Next Level - April 5                                                    fats, added sugars, and alcohol, or on more food from any                         Protect your family's heart health by serving
      ● Assistant Executive Director, Cornell
                                                      at the Cornell Cooperative Extension Education Center in                                                        food group. They are your “discretionary calories.”
        Cooperative Extension
                                                      Warrensburg.                                                                                                                                                                                           foods low in fat and saturated fat.
      ● Director, Family & Consumer Sciences
Laurel R. Gailor                                      Exploring Credit & Debt - April 4 at the Cornell Cooperative
                                                                                                                                                                      Get Moving!                                                                       Buy lower fat foods
     ● Assistant Executive Director, Cornell                                                                                                                          •    Set a good example. Be active and
                                                      Extension Education Center in Warrensburg.                                                                                                                                                           No fat (skim) or 1% fat milk.
        Cooperative Extension                                                                                                                                              get your family to join you. Have
     ● Director, Natural Resources, Cornell                                                                                                                                                                                                                Low fat or fat free cheeses, sour cream, salad
                                                      4-H Shooting Sports Program (Kick-off Meeting) - April 12 at                                                         fun together. Play with the kids or                                             dressing, and mayonnaise.
        Cooperative Extension                                                                                                                                              pets. Go for a walk, tumble in the
                                                      the Cornell Cooperative Extension Education Center in                                                                                                                                                Fish and chicken or turkey without the skin. Lean
LuAnn Phillips                                                                                                                                                             leaves or play catch.
    ● Extension Community Educator, Cornell
                                                      Warrensburg.                                                                                                                                                                                         cuts of meat instead of fatty meats.
                                                                                                                                                                      •    Take the President’s Challenge as a
      Cooperative Extension                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Fruits, vegetables, and grains.
                                                      4-H Horse Day - April 15 at Pucker Ridge Farm in Warrensburg.                                                        family. Track your individual ac-
                                                                                                                                                                           tivities and earn awards for active
Kimberly Sopczyk, Nutrition Program Educator
                                                                                                                                                                           lifestyles at                                                                Cook with less fat
Jill Littrell, Nutrition Program Educator             Successful Aging: Lifelong Strategies for Health & Wellness                                                                                                                                          Bake broil or boil instead of frying.
Roxanne Westcott, Parent Educator                     Program - April 19 at the Cornell Cooperative Extension Educa-                                             
                                                                                                                                                                      •    Establish a routine. Set aside time                                             Use a nonstick pan with cooking oil spray.
Cynthia Davis, Finance Administrator                  tion Center in Warrensburg.
Linda Webb, Office Manager                                                                                                                                                 each day as activity time – walk, jog, skate, cycle or swim.                    Use only a little bit of vegetable oil or margarine
Corrina Parnapy, 4-H Program Assistant                                                                                                                                •    Adults need at least 30 minutes of physical activity                            instead of lard, shortening or butter.
Amy Sabattis, Public Relations/Publications Manager                                                                                                                        most days of the week; children 60 minutes everyday                             Cook beans and rice without lard, bacon, or other
                                                         ADIRONDACK GARDEN & FLOWER
Michele Baker, Administrative Assistant                                                                                                                                    or most days.                                                                   fatty meats. Season the beans with green pepper,
Mary Alice Cole, Administrative Assistant                      SHOW April 27 - 29                                                                                                                                                                          onion, garlic, oregano, or cilantro.
                                                                                                                                                                      •    Have an activity party. Make the next birthday party
Christine Dittus, Administrative Assistant                   STOP BY CORNELL COOPERATIVE                                                                                   centered on physical activity. Try backyard Olympics,
Susan Wilson, Administrative Assistant
Bruce Nelson, Maintenance
                                                                   EXTENSION’S BOOTH!                                                                                      or relay races. Have a bowling or skating party.                             Throw the fat away
                                                        A spectacular setting for an impressive array of full blooming                                                •    Set up a home gym. Use household items, such as                                 Cut the fat off beef and pork before you cook.
Board of Directors                                      landscape displays, gardening lectures, floral arrangements, horti-                                                canned foods as weight. Stairs can substitute for stair-                        Remove the skin from the chicken and turkey before
Elaine Sobel, President                                 culture exhibits, and a large-scale garden marketplace. National                                                   stepping machines.                                                              you eat.
Barbara Mitchell, Vice President                        gardening celebrities Roger Swain and Paul Tukey will appear as                                               •    Move it! Instead of sitting through TV commercials,                             Drain the fat from meats after you cook.
Daniel West, Treasurer                                  keynote speakers for the debut of the Adirondack Garden &                                                          get up and move. When you talk on the phone, lift                               Cool soups and gravies and skim the fat off with a
Laura Moore, Secretary                                                                                                                                                     weights or walk around. Remember to limit TV                                    spoon before you reheat them.
                                                        Flower Show. These two TV personalities currently co-host the
Walter Eichler
                                                        widely acclaimed HGTV series, “People, Places, & Plants.”                                                          watching and computer time.
Candace Kelly                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Resource: Cut Down on Fat-Not on Taste! National Institutes of Health.
Dan Mannix                                              Hours: Friday: 4 p.m.-8 p.m., Saturday: 10 a.m.-7 p.m., Sun-                                                  •    Give activity gifts. Give gifts that encourage physical                      National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and Office of Research on
Janel Martinez                                          day: 10 a.m.-5 p.m.                                                                                                activity – active games or sporting equipment.                               Minority Health.
Julie Pearl
                                                                                                                                                                      Source: Dietitians and nutritionists who are advocates of size acceptance,
Brother James Posluszny                                                                                                                                               coordinated by J.P. Ikeda, MARD, Nutrition Education Specialist, Univer-
Gloria Ragonetti
                                                                                             May 2007                                                                 sity of California, Berkeley and the Fit and Fabulous curriculum developed
Allan Scrafford
Harold Shippey                                        Parents Apart - May 2 & 9, Queensbury location. Registration
                                                                                                                                                                      by Cornell Cooperative Extension of Schoharie County, New York;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            QUICK TIP:
Kenyon Simpson                                        required. Call Cornell Cooperative for more information.
Irv West                                                                                                                                                              It's not only children who grow. Parents do too. As                                     Look for foods low in
Extension Service Committee
                                                                                                                                                                      much as we watch to see what our children do with                                   saturated fats, trans fats, and
                                                                                                                                                                      their lives, they are watching us to see what we do
Frank Thomas, Chairperson
Kevin Geraghty
                                                      "Cornell Cooperative Extension actively supports equal educational and employment opportunities. No
                                                       person shall be denied admission to any educational program or activity, or be denied employment on            with ours. I can't tell my children to reach for the                                  cholesterol to help reduce
Daniel Girard
                                                         the basis of any legally prohibited discrimination involving, but not limited to, such factors as race,
                                                         color, religion, political beliefs, national or ethnic origin, gender, sexual orientation, age, marital or   sun. All I can do is reach for it, myself.                                             the risk of heart disease.
Eugene Merlino                                         family status, veteran status, or disability. Cornell Cooperative Extension is committed to the mainte-
                                                       nance of affirmative action programs that will assure the continuation of such equality of opportunity."                                        ~Joyce Maynard
Joseph M. Sheehan                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           • Use the nutrition facts label to help
                                                      The Cornell Cooperative Extension educational system enables people to improve their lives and                  Don't worry that children never listen to you; worry                                  choose food. 5% daily value or less is
                                                          communities through partnerships that put experience and research knowledge to work.
                                                                                                                                                                      that they are always watching you.                                                       low and 20% or more is high.
                                                          “The information given herein is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is                                                 ~Robert Fulghum
                                                                 intended and no endorsement by Cornell Cooperative Extension is implied.”
In addition, the report also calls on the food, beverage, and           Adopting a healthy lifestyle in today’s atmosphere of eco-                Where Does Maple Flavor                                              ars, which are present in greater amounts later in the sap
entertainment industries to voluntarily develop and imple-              nomic and time constraints can often make healthful eating                                                                                     season, are more likely to produce these flavors. Syrup color
ment guidelines for advertising and marketing directed at               and increases physical activity a challenging goal for many                    Come From?                                                      is derived from these compounds. In another important
children and youth. Congress should give the Federal Trade              families. Parents must be committed to making responsible                  By: Brian F. Chabot, Professor                                      chemical change, the reactive sugars, especially glucose,
Commission the authority to monitor compliance with the                 food and activity choices for their families. The few simple                Department of Ecology and                                          combine with nitrogen compounds (especially amino acids)
guidelines and establish external review boards to prohibit ads         ideas that follow can help parents support a healthy eating                   Evolutionary Biology                                             to produce distinctive flavor compounds, such as maple,
that fail to comply. Restaurants should continue to expand              pattern for their families.                                                    Cornell University                                              chocolate, coffee, floral and nutty flavors. Vanilla, which is
their offerings of nutritious foods and beverages, and should                                                                                                                                                          present in many maple syrups, probably develops during
provide calorie content and other nutrition information.                  •   Set a good example for children by eating fruit every-          New York maple syrup must meet exacting standards for                    this stage of processing. These flavor compounds require
                                                                              day with meals or as snacks.                                    purity. The only ingredient allowed is maple sap that has                both heat and time to develop so the amount of heat and
Parents must play their part as well, by providing healthy                •   Watch out for juice! One serving a day is recom-                been concentrated to have a minimum of 66% sugar. Syr-                   time spent boiling are ways that producers can affect flavor.
foods in the home and encouraging physical activity by limit-                 mended, with the rest of the fruit serving coming               ups are classified according to their color with the darker
ing their children’s recreational TV, videogame, and com-                     from whole fruit. Whole fruit is more filling and has           syrups having stronger flavors. Maple syrups have a complex              Maple syrup is a natural product. But as is the case for many
puter time to less than two hours a day, among other means.                   more fiber. Do make sure juice is 100% fruit juice,             set of flavor components some of which come from concen-                 of the products we enjoy, such as coffee, tea, chocolate, and
                                                                              as opposed to fruit drinks or fruit punch.                      tration and some from chemical reactions during the heat-                wines, the actions of skilled producers are essential to bring
Community organizations and state and local governments                   •   Set a good example for children by eating whole                 ing and evaporation process. The most common flavors are                 out the complex flavor chemistry. It is worth taking the
can make a difference by implementing programs that pro-                      grains with meals or as snacks.                                 maple, sugars (white sugar, brown sugar, molasses, etc), va-             time to sample different syrups from different producers and
mote nutrition and regular physical activity and by support-              •   Teach older children to read the ingredient list on             nilla, and empyreumatic (such as caramel, chocolate, cof-                at different times of year to learn to appreciate the flavor
ing the establishment or revision of zoning ordinances and                    cereals or snack food packages and choose those with            fee). Less common are woody, herbaceous, fruity and floral               richness and complexity of pure maple syrup.
comprehensive plans to include or enhance sidewalks, bike                     whole grains at the top of the list.                            flavors. All of these flavors come from the way the trees are
paths, parks and playgrounds, and other recreational facilities.          •   Choose fat-free or low-fat milk, yogurt, and cheese.            grown and the syrup is produced and make each syrup a
                                                                              If you choose milk or yogurt that is not fat-free, or           unique flavor experience.
For more on the report, “Preventing Childhood Obesity:                        cheese that is not low-fat, the fat in the product
Health in the Balance” including links to fact sheets and                                                                                                                                                                           MAPLE RICE PUDDING
                                                                              counts as part of the discretionary calorie allowance.          The flavors in maple syrup come from three sources: the tree
their press release announcing the committees recommenda-                 •   For those who are lactose intolerant, lactose-free and          and its environment, the way the sap is handled, and the way it
tions visit IOM website at                                        lower-lactose products are available. These include             is processed. The tree produces the sucrose, which is the main
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2 1/2 cups boiled rice
Source: Cornell University Division of Nutritional Sciences                   hard cheeses and yogurt. Also, enzyme preparations              ingredient in maple syrup. Maple sap is mostly water with only                1/2 teaspoon salt
                                                                              can be added to milk to lower the lactose content.              2% sucrose. In addition to sucrose, there are minerals taken up               2 1/2 cups milk
       Tips for Parents                                                   •   Calcium-fortified foods and beverages such as soy               by the tree from the soil. Maples take up a lot of calcium, but               1/2 teaspoon nutmeg
                                                                              beverages or orange juice may provide calcium, but              the unique mineral composition of different soils will have
    The following tenets* are a good
                                                                              may not provide the other nutrients found in milk               some impact on flavor profile. There also are tiny amounts of                 3 eggs
            place to start…                                                                                                                   organic compounds produced by the tree: proteins, amino ac-                   1/2 cup raisins
                                                                              and milk products.
•     Human beings come in a vari-
                                                                          •   Chocolate fat free milk is a great way to get kids and          ids, amines, organic acids, and phenolic compounds. These                     1 cup maple sugar
                                                                              grown-ups to drink their milk at lunchtime and other            vary in quantity between trees, locations, and time of year.
      ety of sizes and shapes. We                                                                                                             These organic compounds are not strongly flavored themselves,
                                                                              times). Chocolate syrup is fat free so when it is                                                                                             Beat eggs and maple sugar well, add
      celebrate this diversity as a                                                                                                           but can contribute to a flavor fingerprint when they are con-
                                                                              added to 1% or fat free milk; a healthy treat is made.
      positive characteristic of the
                                                                              Heat it up and add a marshmallow for a bit of com-              centrated or chemically combined with sugar.                                  other ingredients. May be baked in
      human race.                                                                                                                                                                                                           oven as custard or cooked in a double
                                                                              fort on a cold night.
•     There is no ideal body size,
                                                                          •   Set a good example for children by eating vegetables            Natural bacteria and yeast consume some of the sucrose in sap                 boiler.
      shape, or weight that every                                                                                                             in a fermentation process and are essential to the flavors present
                                                                              with meals and as snacks.
      individual should strive to                                                                                                             in maple syrup and sugar. They convert some of the sucrose                    Source: Cornell Sugar Maple & Extension Program website
                                                                          •   Let children decide on the dinner vegetables or what                                                                                
      achieve.                                                                                                                                into glucose and fructose, sugars that are more chemically reac-
                                                                              goes into salads.
•     Every body is a good body, whatever its size or shape.                                                                                  tive than is sucrose. They also add their own chemical byprod-
                                                                          •   Most meat and poultry choices should be lean or low-
•     Self-esteem and body image are strongly linked. Helping                                                                                 ucts to the sap. The activity of microbes is directly dependent
                                                                              fat. Fish, nuts, and seeds contain healthy oils, so choose
      people feel good about their bodies and about who they                                                                                  on temperature, so the reactive sugars and other products are
                                                                              these foods frequently instead of meat or poultry.
      are, can help motivate and maintain healthy behaviors.                                                                                  low early in the sap season when temperatures are cold, but
•     Appearance stereotyping is inherently unfair to the indi-                                                                               increase at higher temperatures later in the season.
                                                                        What About Overall Calories?
      vidual because it is based on superficial factors which  likens discretionary calories to money. You
      the individual has little or no control over.                     need a certain number of calories to keep your body func-             Removing water from the sap makes maple syrup and sugar.
•     We respect the bodies of others even though they might            tioning and provide energy for physical activities. Think of          Some producers use reverse osmosis to squeeze some water
      be quite different from our own.                                  the calories you need for energy like money you have to               out of sap through a membrane under high pressure. This is
•     Each person is responsible for taking care of his/her             spend. Each person has a total calorie “budget.” This                 more energy efficient than boiling, which is the main con-
      body.                                                             budget can be divided into “essentials” and “extras.”                 centration process in all sugaring operations. The heating
•     Good health is not defined by body size; it is a state of                                                                               during boiling is essential to producing the most important
      physical, mental, and social well-being.                                                                                                flavors in maple syrup. Some of the sugars are changed
•     People of all sizes and shapes can reduce their risk of                                                                                 through oxidation to produce different sugar flavors (white
                                                                                                                     (Continued on page 15)   to brown sugars, caramel, molasses, etc). The reactive sug-
      poor health by adopting a healthy lifestyle.
                                                                   14                                                                                                                                              3
  Selecting Perennials:                                               of perennial. Is it any good to long for Ligularias, Astilbes, or   Parents Can Help                                                       available at home and by encouraging family meal times.
                                                                      Thalictrums when I can’t supply irrigation during a drought?                                                                               Studies show that the more families eat together, the more
  Three Considerations                                                A good bit of willpower is needed to stay away from water-          Prevent Childhood                                                      likely older children and adolescents will consume fruits,
  By: David Chinery Extension                                         loving beauties when shopping at the garden center. Cer-                 Obesity                                                           vegetables, grains, and calcium-rich foods.
  Educator, Rensselaer County                                         tainly matching the water needs of the plant to what can be
                                                                      supplied by fickle rainfall and limited wells is a better propo-    Children establish their eat-                                          Sweetened Beverages: Much remains to be learned about
I saw a marvelous tee shirt on a gardener a few years ago. The        sition than saving bath water, praying to the clouds, and curs-     ing and exercise habits in                                             the association between childhood obesity and the con-
slogan read, “Been there, killed that.” It reminded me of             ing The Weather Channel. Beautiful gardens can be created           early childhood. Parents re-                                           sumption of sweetened beverages, such as soft drinks and
the three-step grieving process that gardeners go through             under the premise of xeriscaping, which relies on utilizing         flect their attitudes and values about food in the way they            flavored drinks that do not contain 100 percent fruit juice.
when a plant dies. The first step is annoyance: (“I paid good         drought-tolerant or low water-use plants. This doesn’t mean         feed the family and themselves. Simply put, they are role              These beverages do not provide essential nutrients needed
money for that stupid thing, and then it has the nerve to             growing desert plants (although the hardy in Zone 5 Opuntia         models and policy-setters!                                             by growing children, but do increase their calorie intake. By
croak.”). Quickly comes the second step denial: (“Maybe, if           cactus is intriguing), but using such stand-bys as Purple                                                                                  14 years of age, 32 percent of adolescent girls and 52 per-
I water/prune/spray/fertilize/hover over it, it will come             Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea), Coreopsis, Sedums, Globe           Fortunately, a healthy home environment can promote                    cent of boys in the United States are consuming three or
back.”). Finally comes the third step, moving on: (“I really          Thistle (Echinops sp.), many ornamental grasses, and dozens         healthy habits and alter unhealthy habits. Parents and care-           more eight-ounce serving of sweetened soft drinks daily, and
ought to plant something there that wants to grow there.”).           of others. Through plant lists, from each other, and simple         givers have a profound influence on children by promoting              one study reported that infants as young as seven months
It is on this third step that we grow as gardeners the most.          observation, we can learn what plants will survive a drought        certain values and attitudes, by rewarding or reinforcing              old are drinking sweetened sodas. Because of concerns
                                                                      in our climate. Perhaps growing mostly drought-tolerant             specific behaviors, and by serving as role models. Parents             about excessive consumption of sweetened beverages in
We are always tempted to buy more, newer, and flashier                plants, but then having those needing more moisture in one          are the policy makers for the home. They make daily deci-              place of more nutrient-rich or lower-calorie alternatives,
perennials, when what we really need to be doing is sitting           area (preferably near the rain barrel), is a goal worth pursuing    sions on recreational opportunities, food available at home,           children should be encouraged to avoid high-calorie, nutri-
still and looking at the garden more often. One of the big-           and a good compromise.                                              and children’s allowances; they determine the setting for              ent-poor beverages.
gest areas for concern is sunlight. Do you have a full day,                                                                               foods eaten in the home; and they implement countless
half day, or almost no sun in your garden? When I bought              Selecting perennials becomes more fun once the limitations          other rules and policies that influence how much various               Physical Activity: Although there is a general sense that
my house, I thought the garden in the back would be in                of the site are considered. Having something in bloom for           members of the family engage in healthful eating and physi-            many children are less physically active than in past genera-
glorious sunshine all day. I later realized that even in late         the longest period possible is an interesting challenge. One        cal activity. While this is good news, economic and time               tions, data is still being collected to show the specific trends
June, it gets good morning sun, but by 2:30 in the after-             year I made a simple bloom chart. It was just a grid on paper,      constraints, as well as the stresses and demands of daily liv-         that have occurred. Even so, parents should be supportive
noon a large area is cast in shade. Luckily, I get shade in the       with a list of my plants down the first left column and dates       ing, often make healthful eating and increased physical ac-            of their children’s athletic and other physical activity inter-
afternoon, when the day is hottest and the plants need a              across the top row. I dutifully scribed an “X” in the appropri-     tivity challenging on a daily basis for many families.                 ests and enhance opportunities for them to play outside and
break. A garden with morning shade and intensely hot af-              ate box for the plant observed in bloom each week from April                                                                               engage in both recreational activities as well as incorporating
ternoon sun would be a more challenging site. I therefore             to October. It was fascinating to see what stayed in bloom          Infancy: Research suggest that breastfeeding helps protect             an active lifestyle into daily routines (e.g., walking or biking
had to re-think my planting scheme, and I’m now moving                longest, and to note that the largest number of species were in     infants from becoming obese children, although there are               to the grocery store).
shade-lovers like hosta, European ginger (Asarum eu-                  bloom during the third week of July.                                many other factors that may impact the role of breastfeeding in        Source: Adapted from Preventing Childhood Obesity: Health in the Balance 2005
ropaeum), and Japanese painted fern (Athyrium goerin-                                                                                     reducing the risk of obesity. Infants have a preference sweet
                                                                      Source: GroNews, March 2000
gianum) into the shadiest side of the garden while trans-                                                                                 and salty tastes and concern has been expressed early introduc-
planting the sun-lovers elsewhere.                                                                                                        tion of sweetened beverages and high fat/sweet foods to infants                Preventing Childhood Obesity
                                                                                                                                          may be important contributors to childhood obesity.
                                                                         Kickoff for Warren County
And shade is not just shade. In addition to the moring vs.                                                                                                                                                       Reversing the rapid rise in obesity among American children
afternoon shade issue, there is the high, dappled shade of                                                                                Toddlers and Young Children: If children are given nu-                 and youth will require a multi-pronged approach by
pruned-up trees, and the deep shade of buildings or coni-
fers. As a true neophyte, I used to think that shady areas              4-H Shooting Sports Program                                       merous opportunities to try new foods without being forced
                                                                                                                                          to eat them, many of these foods, even if initially rejected,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 schools, families, communities, industry, and government
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 that would be as comprehensive and ambitious as national
were inherently damp. This may have been perpetuated by
the horticultural press, which constantly publishes pictures
                                                                                 Scheduled                                                will become part of their diet. Both parents and childcare             anti-smoking efforts, according to the Institute of Medicine
                                                                                                                                          and preschool settings can effectively encourage children to           of the National Academies. While no single intervention or
                                                                                          April 12, 2007
of shade gardens of almost tropical lushness.                                                                                             develop a healthy and varied diet through non-coercive per-            group acting alone can stop the epidemic of childhood obe-
                                                                                                                                          sistence. Parents and other caregivers also can teach chil-            sity, the steps recommended by the committee all aim to
The bare-naked truth is that shade is often dry. Not only                                                                                 dren to eat reasonable amounts by controlling portion sizes            increase and improve opportunities for children to engage in
do the overhead trees suck moisture from the ground, but                                        7:00pm                                    and encouraging children to stop eating when they feel full.           physical activity and eat a healthy diet.
also the tree canopy itself deflects rainwater. The lush shade                                                                            While young children seem naturally able to choose appro-
                                                                      Cornell Cooperative Extension Education Center,
garden ironically needs to be watered. The horticultural                                                                                  priate portion sizes and to eat only until they are no longer          Among specific steps recommended by their report is a call for
gods have given dry shade gardeners who can’t or refuse to                377 Schroon River Road, Warrensburg                             hungry, by the age of 5, research reveals that they become             schools to implement nutritional standards for all foods and
water a tremendous challenge, since the plant list for these                                                                              more responsive to external cues and are more prone to eat             beverages served on school grounds, including those from
sites is small. However, Barrenwort (Epimedium sp.),                  Cornell Cooperative Extension will host a kickoff                   everything they are presented without responding to satiety            vending machines. The committee also recommended that
Green-and-gold (Chrysogonum virginianum), Lenten Rose                 meeting for a new 4-H Shooting Sports Program                       cues that signal that they are full.                                   schools expand opportunities for all students to engage in at
(Hellebourus orientailsi), and the indefatigable Big-root             on April 12. Interested adults who are willing to                                                                                          least 30 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity each
geranium (Geranium macrorrhizum) are all excellent peren-                                                                                 Older Children and Youth: As they develop, children                    day.
nials that admirably tolerate dry shade.                              participate as volunteer instructors and current                    begin to make their own choices at school and in other
                                                                      4-H Club leaders are encouraged to attend to                        away-from-home settings. They also increasingly influence
The past summers of drought have taught many of us to pay             learn more about this exciting 4-H program.                         family food purchases. Parents can promote healthful food                                                                    (Continued on page 14)
more heed to the inherent water requirements of each species                                                                              selections during this time by making nutritious foods
                                                                  4                                                                                                                                         13
           When Your Child Is Afraid                                             Boosting Parent’s Self-Confidence                                         The Wondrous Skunk Cabbage                                      length of 3 feet. Each leaf has a long stalk and is oblong in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           shape. The leaf stalks do not have any woody fibers, consist-
                                                                                                                                                       By: Pat Macomber, Horticultural Program Assistant
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ing primarily of air and water intermixed with soft plant fi-
All of us have experienced fear. And,                                        At one time or another, almost all                                                       Clinton County
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           bers. As the plant matures, the deciduous trees which occupy
as caring parents, we want to protect                                        parents question their self-confidence.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           or border the skunk cabbage habitat begin to leaf out. As this
our children from fearful situations.                                                                                                                For most of us, our knowledge of Skunk Cabbage is proba-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           process unfolds overhead, the skunk cabbage leaves are begin-
                                                                             Parents want to be able to act deci-                                    bly limited to the fact that its name indicates its somewhat
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ning to undergo their own decay process, which is not like
But we cannot always protect our                                             sively and confidently but the influ-                                   rank odor. If you’ve not trekked about in mucky ground in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           the usual senescing process we associate with most plants.
children, nor can we keep them from                                          ence of neighbors, friends and relatives                                very late winter or early
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Consider a perennial or woody plant whose leaves begin to
being afraid. We can, however, reduce children’s fears by:                   and what they will think can be upset-                                  spring, you may have never
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           dry up and then fall to the ground where fungi will begin the
• Helping them express their fears;                                          ting.                                                                   seen this plant. Skunk cab-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           decomposition process. As a skunk cabbage plant ages, the
• Distinguish real from imaginary dangers, and                                                                                                       bage has some really interest-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           leaves begin to develop small holes in them, the leaf stalks will
• Become increasingly dependent and confident about                          Here’s an idea that may help.                                           ing and unique adaptations
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           droop and plant parts will blacken and become slimy. All that
    handling frightening situations they encounter as they                                                                                           beginning with its ability to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           remains will be a black smudge.
    mature.                                                                  Most decisions revolve around two categories - needs and                start into growth when snow
                                                                             wants - and it is important to determine which is which.                and thin ice sheets may be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           The pollination process produces a black
Hear are some ideas that will help you help your child deal                                                                                          present in the wet areas it
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           fruit, about the size of a flattened tennis
with fear:                                                                   Needs must be responded to in the interests of children’s               inhabits.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ball. It can disintegrate, rot or be a tasty
• Talk with your child about the frightening situation                       development.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           morsel for rodents who start eating from
    and listen carefully and respectfully to what he says. Let                                                                                       Skunk cabbage has a fairly wide range from Quebec and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           the top of the fruit. As the fruit is eaten,
    him know that he can talk with you about anything -                      Wants may be considered but they may also be rejected in                Nova Scotia south to North Carolina and west to Iowa and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           the hard seeds are released. If all condi-
    even sensitive subjects. Avoid creating an atmosphere                    the interest of health, safety or family priorities.                    Minnesota. This is a plant that needs soil high in organic
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           tions are right, a new skunk cabbage will
    in which he feels guilty or ashamed if he brings up a                                                                                            matter content and constant soil moisture. As the days grow
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           develop wherever a seed is deposited.
    touchy subject.                                                          So, while children need good food, they may want only ice               longer, perhaps mid to late March, a structure of hood-like
• Allow your child plenty of time to talk over fears.                        cream.                                                                  leaves, which enclose the flowers, begins to push through the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Another interesting fact of skunk cabbage life is that this is
    Don’t push her into a scary situation. Forcing her to                                                                                            snow/ice, which may surround the plant. How can this be?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           another one of those plants that have what are called
    stay in a dark room, for example, will only intensify her                Parents who feel obliged to satisfy all of their child’s wants
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ‘contractile roots’. These are roots, which shorten and
    fear of the dark.                                                        may discover they are harboring a little tyrant.                        The skunk cabbage roots store really large amounts of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           gradually pull the plant’s crown further below the soil sur-
• Accept your child’s fears, feelings, and reactions. Don’t                                                                                          starch. As the flower emerges, it oxidizes the stored starches
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           face. Trillums also have contractile roots. One theory sug-
    deny what your child fears; these fears are very real to                 Many parents are afraid of losing their child’s love if they            and heat is produced. This heat production has been studied
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           gests that by submerging below the surface, the plant is less
    her. Ridiculing or shaming her will make her hide her                    deny them all they want - children do often become frus-                and it has been found that the flower temperatures could be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           likely to be eaten by wandering animals.
    feelings from you.                                                       trated and sometimes angry when their wishes are denied.                anywhere from 36 to 63 degrees higher than the ambient
• Tell your child the truth about frightening events.                                                                                                temperature which may hover around the freezing mark.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Plants continue to amaze me - those which survive the rig-
    “Yes, it may hurt when you get a shot. So it’s okay to                   Yet it is impossible to satisfy children 100 percent without
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ors of my own garden as well as all those which inhabit the
    yell and make faces, but you still need to hold still.”                  parents becoming irritated and indignant.                               Skunk cabbage belongs to the Arum family,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           surrounding natural areas. So - if you should happen to be
                                                                                                                                                     which also includes a most familiar wild-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           mucking about in a soggy site this April, perhaps you will
Don’t deceive your child about stressful or frightening                      A compromise is, first, to recognize the difference between             flower, Jack-in-the Pulpit. The outermost
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           come across one of these quite interesting plants.
events. Providing information about the hospital (or death                   needs and wants.                                                        structure in most of these Arums is called a
or divorce) isn’t harmful to a child; deceiving him is.                                                                                              spathe. The spathe usually surrounds a rod-
                                                                             Then, if you can feel secure in your love for your child, you           like structure (spadix), which has on it the
•    Involve your child in decision-making and problem                       can accept the consequences of your decisions - without                 flowers. These skunk cabbage flowers contain                           FEEL FREE TO CALL UPON…
                                                                             fearing your child’s rejection or criticism from relatives,             both male and female flowers. The spathe is                                     The Master Gardener Office of
     solving about frightening situations. This will enhance
                                                                             friends or neighbors.                                                   usually dark colored which allows it to absorb                         Cornell Cooperative Extension - Warren County
     his feelings of power and competence. Ask, “What do
                                                                                                                                                     heat from the sun as well as to help insulate
     you think would help a child who is afraid?”                            Source: Growing Together Newsletter, Cornell Cooperative Extension of   the all-important spadix.                                                The Master Gardener Program is part of Cornell
•    Provide books with stories about other children experi-                 Washington County
     encing fear. And let your child use art and puppet play                                                                                                                                                                   Cooperative Extension of Warren County. The
                                                                                                                                                     The heat generated by the flower produces strong odors- the             office is staffed by dedicated and trained volunteers.
     to rehearse solutions to frightening situations.
                                                                                                                                                     skunky or rotten meat smell. But it is these unpleasant (to              They are more than happy to help answer all your
•    Suggest ways your child can cope with fears: “Some                                                                                              us) odors, which attract a number of insects, which are use-
     people who are afraid of the dark carry a flashlight or                                                                                                                                                                home grounds, garden, and ‘pest problem’ questions.
                                                                                                                                                     ful as pollinators. Carrion flies, honey bees, gnats and other
     use a nightlight. What would help you feel better?”                                                                                             small flies have been observed inside the spathe or else                          518-623-3291 or 668-4881
                                                                                                                                                     crawling around on the spadix itself but only when the am-
Don’t limit your child’s options for adaptive behaviors by                                                                                           bient temperature is above freezing. A small species of spider
emphasizing the negatives, by saying, for example: “Don’t                                                                                            apparently uses the flower’s warmth for mating and hatch-
cry!” “Don’t act like a baby!” Instead suggest what the child                                                                                        ing of its young.
can do.

Source: Growing Together Newsletter, Cornell Cooperative Extension of
                                                                                                                                                     Only until flowering is finished do the leaves begin to further
Washington County                                                                                                                                    push and elongate. When fully expanded, leaves can reach a
                                                                        12                                                                                                                                             5
Ground Ivy and Dandelions                                            In lawns, ground ivy is a different sort of beast. I'm not kid-           Questions and                                                           private residence be packaged in a specific manner and dis-
                                                                     ding when I suggest that people just get used to it. It's quite                                                                                   posed of in an approved hazardous waste landfill.
By: Amy Ivy, Extension Educator                                      resistant to most herbicides and even if you succeeded in                 Answers About
Two weeds that generate a lot of calls at our office are
                                                                     killing off a section, it's only a matter of time before it                 Asbestos                                                              Q: How can I find out if the floor tile in my home con-
                                                                     comes back.                                                                                                                                       tains asbestos? If it does, what can I do about it?
ground ivy and dandelions.
                                                                                                                                          To protect yourself and your                                                 A: The only way to find out if the floor tile contains asbestos
                                                                     At the risk of getting myself run out of town, I suggest you         family from asbestos, find out                                               is to take a small sample to a certified lab for analysis. Contact
                                                                     try taking a different view of ground ivy – it makes a great         whether you're at risk. Here are                                             your state environmental agency for a list of certified labs and
Everyone knows dandelions with their bright yellow flowers
                                                                     ground cover. It survives any growing condition, drought,            some common questions and answers.                                           for regulations on removal, containment and disposal. They
in mid May and fluffy seed heads that scatter the seed far
                                                                     low fertility, even grubs don't touch it. Is a 'lawn' of ground                                                                                   are the same as for other materials in the home (above).
and wide. The key to bat-
                                                                     ivy really such a bad thing? It actually looks better than           Q: What is asbestos and why should I be concerned
tling dandelions is to realize
                                                                     many of the drought and grub ravaged lawns that frustrated           about it?                                                                    Q: I have to install a new furnace in my home. The old
they have a long taproot,
                                                                     homeowners spend a lot of money on.                                  A: An excellent thermal and electrical insulator, asbestos has               furnace pipes are covered with asbestos, and if they are
much like a carrot, so to
                                                                                                                                          been widely used in buildings for more than 50 years. Nev-                   cut through will become damaged. The furnace com-
effectively weed out a dan-
                                                                     If you really want a lush, green lawn try reducing the area          ertheless, asbestos is now known to cause asbestosis, lung                   pany will not work on them. What can be done?
delion you have to get as
                                                                     that you want to be perfect and focus your energies there.           cancer, and mesothelioma. Other cancers, primarily of the                    A: Call your state environmental agency for a possible asbes-
much of the root as possi-
                                                                     Maybe it's the section in front of your house, or along your         digestive tract, also have been associated with exposure to                  tos contractor to do the job.
ble. Dandelions are peren-
                                                                     front walk. You'll be more successful tackling a manageable          asbestos. Moreover, these asbestos-related diseases have a
nial, meaning the same
                                                                     sized section than if you try to take on your whole yard.            long latency period, which means symptoms may not ap-                        Q: If I have a pile of vermiculite in my yard or a bag of
plant will re-grow year after
                                                                     Ground ivy is a very successful competitor, even against             pear until 20 to 40 years after exposure.                                    it in my house, what should I do with it?
year. They are also prolific seed producers. If you don't
                                                                     humans!                                                                                                                                           A: The only way to find out if the vermiculite contains as-
mow the dandelions in your lawn while they're in flower,
                                                                                                                                          Probably the largest single source of asbestos in the indoor air             bestos is to take a small sample to a certified lab for analysis.
they'll go to seed and multiply themselves very effectively.
                                                                     Non-toxic Control Options                                            we breathe is insulation. No "safe" exposure threshold for                   If piles or bags of vermiculite are disturbed, it could cause
                                                                     The best non-toxic weed control option for home gardens is           asbestos has been established, but the risk of disease generally             tiny asbestos particles to become airborne. Airborne asbestos
In your flower or vegetable garden, dandelions are easiest to
                                                                     hand-pulling and mulch. In lawns, hand-pulling may be an             increases with the length and amount of exposure. Manufac-                   can be breathed in causing lung damage. If it is not in the
deal with after a soaking rain. The long taproot gives way
                                                                     option when they first start to appear and are in small              ture and use of asbestos is now prohibited in the U.S.                       air, it is not dangerous to your lungs. EPA recommends lim-
much more readily when the ground is moist than when it's
                                                                     enough numbers. Here are some other suggestions:                                                                                                  iting your exposure to any dust from the vermiculite, in-
dry and hard. The long, slender dandelion lifting tool makes
                                                                                                                                          Q: I am looking at a home to buy. It has asbestos siding.                    cluding remodeling.
quick work of weeding a garden.
                                                                     •   Set your mower to cut at 3 inches high – this definitely         What needs to be done?
                                                                         discourages dandelions but doesn't have as much of an            A: 1.) If the siding is in good condition -- not broken or crum-             Q:Where can I get more information about asbestos?
In your lawn, the easiest way to discourage dandelions from
                                                                         effect on ground ivy                                             bling -- it may be painted over or covered with other material.              A: Contact your local Extension Office, your area Environ-
taking over is to set your mower to cut your grass at 3
                                                                     •   Don't let the weeds go to seed. Cut them off while still         2.) It is more hazardous to remove it than to contain it.                    mental Protection Agency office or your state department of
inches tall. This will make a lush, dense turf that covers the
                                                                         in flower.                                                       3.) If it is deteriorated -- broken and crumbling -- and it has              health. The time to take action is now.
ground, leaving no bare spots for dandelion seeds to take
hold. Cutting your grass short definitely leads to more dan-         •   Handpulling after a soaking rain is much easier than             to be removed, a certified asbestos contractor should be                     Source: “”
                                                                         when the soil is dry.                                            hired to do the job. The waste has to be handled according
                                                                     •   Offer to pay a nickel for every dandelion with root              to requirements and disposed of in an approved hazardous                      Home is the one place in all this world where hearts are
                                                                         pulled up, young hands can make short work of this               waste landfill. Your state environmental agency can give you
Ground Ivy
                                                                                                                                          information on handling and disposal.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        sure of each other. It is the place of confidence. It is the
Ground ivy, also called creeping Charley, is here to stay.               job.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        place where we tear off that mask of guarded and suspi-
This is a very successful weed                                       •   There are some products, made from soap, acetic acid
                                                                                                                                          Q: I have a "popcorn" ceiling in my home. Does it con-                        cious coldness which the world forces us to wear in self-
that resists or recovers from                                            or pelargonic acid that may burn off the tops of the
                                                                         plants, but they don't hurt the roots and the weeds will         tain asbestos? If so, what needs to be done?                                  defense, and where we pour out the unreserved communi-
most of our efforts to control it.                                                                                                                                                                                      cations of full and confiding hearts. It is the spot where
                                                                         eventually re-grow.                                              A: To find out, dampen a small area with a spray bottle of
It is also a perennial but unlike                                                                                                                                                                                       expressions of tenderness gush out without any sensation
                                                                                                                                          water, take a very small sample, put it in a zip lock plastic
dandelions with tap roots,
ground ivy spreads along the                                         Chemical Control                                                     bag or a film cannister and take it to a state certified asbestos             of awkwardness and without any dread of ridicule.
                                                                     I strongly urge homeowners to consider all their options             lab for analysis. Call your state environmental agency to get                                             ~Frederick W. Robertson
surface of the ground, rooting
                                                                     before resorting to using weed killers (herbicides) on their         a list of certified labs.
from its stems as it goes. It tends
to form a dense mat of leaves                                        lawns, especially if you have pets or small children. But if
                                                                     you do decide to treat, spend a few minutes researching              If the material contains asbestos, you can leave it alone if it is in
that other plants cannot com-                                                                                                             good condition -- not broken and crumbling. You can paint
pete with. In mid to late May it                                     your options so you are using the most effective product at
                                                                     the appropriate time. Read the entire label of the product,          over it to contain and stabilize the material. It is more hazard-
is covered with rather attractive, purple flowers.                                                                                        ous to remove the material than to leave it alone or contain it.
                                                                     measure it carefully and do the math to make sure you're
In a garden, it's not that hard to stay ahead of ground ivy          putting on the right amount. Too little and you'll have to
                                                                     re-treat, too much and you're not killing any more weeds             There are no federal regulations covering removal of asbes-
with regular hand weeding. Don't bother rototilling this                                                                                  tos from a private residence; however, your state may have
plant, each piece can root and you'll end up with even more          but risking run-off and exposure.
                                                                                                                                          regulations which you would be required to follow if you
plants. Use your hands or a shovel to lift up and loosen the                                                                              chose to remove material containing asbestos from your
mat, then shake the soil from the roots.                                                                          (Continued on page 7)   home. Contact your state environmental agency. Federal
                                                                 6                                                                        regulations do require that any material removed from a                 11
     Failing to Maintain Home Costs                               The condition of the window glazing, frame, drip caps and             Herbicide Options                                                         seeding may be impossible for up to 6 weeks depending
                                                                  flashing should be noted along with the caulked and sealed            2,4-D                                                                     on what it's mixed with, so make sure you're getting
      Homeowners Their Investment                                 areas. Debris inside the window sill should be removed and the        2,4-D is an herbicide that kills broadleaved plants                       what you want by reading the label!
By: Lorene Bartos, Extension Educator, University                 surfaces cleaned. Open any weep holes blocked by sealant, dirt        (including dandelions and ground ivy) but not grass plants.
   of Nebraska Extension in Lancaster County                      or paint. If weather stripping is used, reapply it. Check foam        Proper timing with this product is essential for good con-            In 2005 a wide variety of products were made available that
                                                                  weather stripping for resiliency and plastic stripping for brittle-   trol.                                                                 contain glyphosate mixed with other herbicides. Many have
Your home is one of the biggest investments you will make.        ness and cracks. Make sure weather stripping is securely held in                                                                            the word 'RoundUp' in their name, so you need to read the
One of the easiest ways to lose the existing investment and       place. Screens with holes or tears should be repaired.                The ideal time to use this product on these 2 weeds is:               label carefully (have you heard that suggestion elsewhere in
equity of a home is failing to maintain it. Moisture and lack                                                                                                                                                 this article? Good!)
of maintenance are the biggest detriments to ensuring quality     Pay special attention to window wells. The bottom drainage            •   In May when the weeds are in flower
housing holds its value.                                          area should be free of debris and water able to drain out of          •   and/or in September                                               Some examples of newer products containing mixtures:
                                                                  the well. Note any possible areas for water leakage into the          •   Do not use 2,4-D on days when the temperature is over
                                                                  home. Repair sealants and caulks between the siding and the                                                                                 •   Roundup Concentrate Plus contains 18% glyphosate
Spend time this spring inspecting the                                                                                                       80 degrees or you may harm other plants in the area.                  and 0.73% diquat. Diquat kills the top of the plant
home and making necessary repairs to                              drip caps, the frames around the window and beneath the
                                                                  window sills at the siding.                                                                                                                     quickly, glyphosate kills the roots more slowly
ensure the investment will last and its                                                                                                 2,4-D is often mixed with other herbicides such as dicamba,           •   Ortho Basic Solutions Weed and Grass Killer contains
value will continue to grow. If lack of                                                                                                 MCPP and triclopyr. But you only need 2,4-D for ground
                                                                  Inspect the condition of exterior stairs and railings. Shake the                                                                                18.0% glyphosate
time or ability to do an inspection is                                                                                                  ivy or dandelions; there is no need to apply those other her-
                                                                  railings to check their stability and inspect the fastenings.                                                                               •   Roundup Ready To Use Extended Control contains
the problem, contact a qualified hous-                                                                                                  bicides to control these 2 weeds. The most important factor
                                                                  Check wooden steps for support and strength and for rot and                                                                                     1.0% glyphosate and 0.03% dithiopyr – you can't re-
ing inspector or engineer with experi-                                                                                                  is the timing of your application, as mentioned above.
                                                                  insect infestation. Deteriorated stairs should be repaired or                                                                                   seed for 6-8 weeks after using this product.
ence in housing inspections.
                                                                  replaced. Stair treads should be level and not hold water.                                                                                  •   Ortho Season Long Grass and Weed Killer contains
                                                                                                                                        The trade name changes with the manufacturer and what
Even though we had a mild winter,                                                                                                                                                                                 0.25% glyphosate and 0.25% oxyflurofen. A combina-
                                                                                                                                        other herbicides are mixed in, so the best method is to read
spring weather is here and homes should be inspected inside       Decks, porches and balconies are more likely to be exposed                                                                                      tion of non-selective glyphosate and pre-emergence con-
                                                                                                                                        the label where it lists 'active ingredients' and make sure
and out for damage created by winter weather and normal           to the elements than other parts of the building and are                                                                                        trol of grasses only, not of broad-leafed weeds like dan-
                                                                                                                                        2,4-D is listed first. It is also included in some of the 'weed
wear. Pay particular attention to moisture damage and areas       more susceptible to deterioration. Check for signs of loose                                                                                     delions.
                                                                                                                                        and feed' products, read the active ingredients section of the
where moisture may collect. Any inspection should be con-         or deteriorating components. Make sure the structural con-            label to be sure of what you are buying. Some 'weed & feed'           These are just some examples of various products available
ducted using safe procedures and secure ladders.                  nections to the building are secure and protected against rot         products control broadleaves like dandelions while others             at retail stores. No endorsement of any product or company
                                                                  and corrosion. Examine the area near the door sill for any            control annual grasses like crabgrass. The same product does          by Cornell Cooperative Extension is expressed or implied.
Inspect the exterior foundation for signs of cracks that need     signs of water infiltration. The pitch of roof and deck               not control both kinds of weeds.
caulking and sealant and for signs of heaving. Soil around        should be away from the house.                                                                                                              PESTICIDE DISCLAIMER: Every effort has been made
the foundation should slope about 1-inch for very 10 inches                                                                             Round-Up™                                                             to provide correct, complete and up-to-date pesticide rec-
away from the foundation for about 10 to 12 feet. Soil near       Garage doors should be checked for rot and water damage,              Round-Up ™ and Kleen-Up™ are                                          ommendations. Nevertheless, changes in pesticide regula-
the foundation should be about 12 inches or more away             cracking and splitting, rust and any other deterioration.             some of the brand names for the active                                tions occur constantly, human errors are still possible. The
from the lowest level of siding.                                  Door bottom weatherstripping may need to be replaced.                 ingredient glyphosate. Because there are                              recommendations are not a substitute for pesticide labeling.
                                                                  Exterior doors to the home should fit and operate well. In-           so many brand names of products that                                  Please read the label before applying any pesticide.
Downspouts and gutters may be clogged and misshapen from          spect the condition of the frame and sills for rot and finish         contain glyphosate, either alone or
winter damage. Check the security of their attachments and        deterioration. They should be protected by a drip cap and             mixed with other herbicides, it's impor-
straps. Downspouts should be a minimum of 7 square inches         flashing above and a drip cap at the threshold. Repair any            tant to read the active ingredient section                            On every stem, on every leaf,... and at the
for small roofs and porches, and should extend at least 6 to      loose hinges, mounts, handles and locks. New weather strip-           of the label to be sure you're getting                                root of everything that grew, was a profes-
12 feet away from the foundation. A minimum of one down-          ping and caulking may be needed. Clean the saddle or                  what you want.                                                        sional specialist in the shape of grub,
spout per every 40 linear feet of gutter is needed.               threshold of the doors and channels of sliding doors.
                                                                                                                                                                                                              caterpillar, aphids, or other expert, whose
                                                                                                                                        Glyphosate is a non-selective herbicide, which means it kills         business it was to devour that particular part.
Note any deterioration under eaves or soffit surfaces for         A thorough inspection of the siding is important to detect            any green plant it touches. Rather than trying to spot-treat
signs of mildew and rot. The condition of the drip cap and        any loose siding, and peeling, blistering and checking in                                                                                                             ~Oliver Wendell Holmes
                                                                                                                                        individual weeds with glyphosate, the best way to use it on a
fascia at the roof edges also should be noted. Areas where a      paint. Wood elements should be checked for fungal and                 weedy lawn is when you want to start all over, called renova-
roof drains onto another roof should always direct the water      insect infestation at exposed horizontal surfaces and corner          tion. This rather drastic approach is recommended when
to a gutter and not onto the roofing material.                    joints. Areas with any signs of mildew or mold on the exte-           your lawn is 50% weeds or more.
                                                                  rior cladding should be carefully inspected. It may be a sign
Roof inspections can be done with binoculars while remain-        of interior wall moisture problems.                                   •   Apply glyphosate to the weedy area (use a product that
ing safely on the ground. Note any missing roofing material                                                                                 contains only glyphosate)
or loose or bulging shingles. Closely examine the caulking        Check for loose, bent, cracked or broken pieces of alumi-             •   Wait 7-10 days for the root system to die
and sealants around the roof utility penetrations such as         num and vinyl siding. Check stucco for cracks, crumbling              •   Till up the area, rake off the dead grass and re-seed
vents and chimneys. If skylights are present, check them          sections and water infiltration. Note any mortar deteriora-
                                                                                                                                        •   Glyphosate alone leaves no residue that will keep new
very closely. Inspect the condition of the chimney for loose      tion and spalling on brick and stone areas. Houses that have
                                                                                                                                            plants or seeds from growing, you can re-plant into an
brick or materials, cracks and potential blockages. Note any      been reclad over older surfaces should be inspected to note
                                                                                                                                            area that has been treated with glyphosate with no prob-
trees or limbs too close to the chimney or roof. Carefully        any possible material deterioration underneath the cladding.
examine the sealants and caulks used at any place where two
                                                                                                                                        •   If glyphosate is mixed with something else, then re-
different materials meet and at flashing areas.              10   Take time, now, to check and repair your home.                                                                                          7
                                                                                                                                       Currey & Company Recalls Lamps Due to Fire Hazard                     Toddler Pants Sets Sold Exclusively at Meijer Stores
                                                                                                                                       Currey & Company, of Atlanta, Ga., is voluntarily recalling           Recalled for Choking Hazard G & W Industries Inc., of
                                                                                                                                       about 2,600 Thomasville Table and Floor Lamps. The light              New York, N.Y., is voluntarily recalling about 1,800 Tod-
                                                                                                                                       socket has a defect, which poses electrical shock and fire            dler Pants Sets. The zipper pull on the jacket can detach,
                                                                                                                                       hazards.                                                              posing a choking hazard to young children.

Mirraco Recalls Bicycles Due to Wheel Fork Failure                   Safety Alert: CFM U.S. Corp. Multi-Purpose Gas Light-             Fisher-Price Recalls “Laugh and Learn” Bunny Toys                     HSN LP Recalls Bella Cucina “Zip Cookers” Due to
Hazard Mirraco LLC, of Carlsbad, Calif., is voluntarily              ers Sold at Wal-Mart Lack Safety Warning Labels CFM               Due to Choking Hazard Fisher-                                         Burn Hazard HSN LP (previously referred to as the Home
recalling about 11,000 Mirraco Bicycles. The front wheel             U.S. Corp., of Huntington, Ind., is issuing a Public Safety       Price, of East Aurora, N.Y., is volun-                                Shopping Network), of St. Petersburg, Fla., is voluntarily
forks on these bicycles could have been welded improperly.           Notice involving about 1.8 million Multi-Purpose Gas              tarily recalling about 500,000 (an                                    recalling about 8,300 Bella Cucina Brand “Zip Cooker”
This poses a risk that the weld could fail, and the rider            Lighters. The lighters do not have a label in English con-        additional 700,000 were sold world-                                   Low Pressure Cookers. Hot food under pressure can be ex-
could lose control and fall.                                         taining precautionary information concerning the proper           wide) “Laugh and Learn” Learning                                      pelled from the cooker causing burn injuries.
                                                                     use and operation. Failure to follow the instructions in the      Bunny Toys. The pink pompom nose
Sportcraft Recalls Inflatable Bounce Houses Due to                   warning label could result in injury.                             can detach, posing a choking hazard                                   Children’s Bracelets Recalled by DM Merchandising
Impact Injury Hazard Sport-                                                                                                            to young children.                                                    Due to Lead Poisoning Hazard DM Merchandising Inc.,
craft Ltd., of Mt. Olive, N.J., is                                   Gel Candles Recalled By M & A Global Technologies                                                                                       of Elmhurst, Ill., is voluntarily recalling about 86,400 Chil-
voluntarily recalling about                                          Due to Fire Hazard M & A Global Technologies Inc., do-            Zoeller Pump Co. Recalls Septic Pumps Due to Shock                    dren’s “Ultra Gear” Bracelets. The recalled jewelry contains
2,600 Bounce Houses. The fan                                         ing business as Spa at Home, of Tallahassee, Fla., is volun-      Hazard Zoeller Pump Co., of Louisville, Ky., is voluntarily           high levels of lead. Lead is toxic if ingested by young chil-
and the plastic housing sur-                                         tarily recalling about 1,700 Gel Candles. The candles can         recalling about 2,300 Zoeller Brand Septic Pumps with a               dren and can cause adverse health effects.
rounding the fan can break                                           have excessive flame height, posing a fire and burn hazard to     20-foot black cord with a plug. The plug on the pumps
apart during use of the inflat-                                      consumers.                                                        could have a grounding problem that could pose an electri-            Children’s Rings Recalled by Shalom International Due
able bounce house, posing a risk                                                                                                       cal shock hazard to consumers.                                        to Lead Poisoning Hazard Shalom International Corp., of
of impact injury to consumers.                                       Best Buy Co. Inc. Recalls Remote Controls Used With                                                                                     New York, N.Y., is voluntarily recalling about 280,000
                                                                     Insignia DVD Players Due to Burn Hazard Best Buy Co.              Basix U.S.A. Recalls Children’s Hooded Sweatshirts and                Children’s “Rachael Rose Kidz” Rings. The recalled jewelry
Children’s Rings Sold at Big Lots! Stores Recalled By                Inc., of Richfield, Minn., is voluntarily recalling about         Windbreakers with Drawstrings Due to Strangulation                    contains high levels of lead. Lead is toxic if ingested by
Lari Jewelry Company Due to Lead Poisoning Hazard                    10,000 Remote Controls Sold With Insignia 100W DVD                Hazard Vacation Clothing, doing business as Basix U.S.A., of          young children and can cause adverse health effects.
Lari Jewelry Co., of New Orleans, La., is voluntarily recall-        Compact Shelf System. If the batteries are placed backwards       Lauderdale Lakes, Fla., is voluntarily recalling about 20,000
ing about 115,000 “Claudia Jublot” Children’s Rings sold             in the remote control with the positive and negative sides        Children’s Hooded Sweatshirts and Windbreakers with Draw-             Conair Recalls Curling Irons for Shock and Electrocu-
at Big Lots! Stores. The recalled jewelry contains high levels       improperly switched, overheating can result and present a         strings. The garments have a drawstring through the hood,             tion Hazards Conair Corp., of Stamford, Conn., is volun-
of lead. Lead is toxic if ingested by young children and can         burn hazard.                                                      posing a strangulation hazard to children. In February 1996,          tarily recalling about 322,000 Curling Irons. The handle of
cause adverse health effects.                                                                                                          CPSC issued guidelines to help prevent children from stran-           the curling iron can come apart exposing its line cord, pos-
                                                                     Tap Machine Inc. Recalls Sake Warmers Due to Burn                 gling or getting entangled on the neck and waist by drawstrings       ing a shock or electrocution hazard to consumers.
Children’s Jewelry Sold Exclu-                                       Hazard Tap Machine Inc., of New Rochelle, N.Y., is vol-           in upper garments, such as jackets and sweatshirts.
sively at Kmart Recalled by                                          untarily recalling about 2,000 Sake Warmers. These sake                                                                                 LL Bean Recalls Infant Booties Due to Choking Hazard
Crimzon Rose Accessories Due to                                      warmers can unexpectedly spray hot sake on consumers dur-         Samara Brothers Recalls Boys’ Jackets Due to Lead Poison-             L.L. Bean, of Freeport, Maine,
Lead Poisoning Hazard Crimzon                                        ing use, posing a risk of serious burns.                          ing Hazard Samara Brothers LLC, of New York, N.Y., is vol-            is voluntarily recalling about
Rose Accessories, of North Provi-                                                                                                      untarily recalling about 8,000 Heavyweight Outerwear Jackets.         4,400 Faux-Shearling Infant
dence, R.I., is voluntarily recalling                                Tankless Water Heaters Recalled for Repair Due to Car-            The snap closures on the outerwear jackets contain excessive          Booties. A small metal zipper
about 6,000 Children’s “Kidsite”                                     bon Monoxide Poisoning Hazard The Water Heating                   amounts of lead, which poses a lead poisoning hazard.                 tab on the infant booties can
Necklace and Earring Sets sold exclu-                                Division of Rheem Sales Company Inc., of Montgomery,                                                                                    detach posing a choking hazard
sively at Kmart. The recalled jewelry                                Ala. and Paloma Industries Inc., of Oxnard, Calif., are vol-      Battery Packs for Toy Vehicles Recalled by JAKKS Pa-                  to young children.
contains high levels of lead. Lead is                                untarily recalling about 42,200 Power Vent tankless water         cific Due to Fire Hazard JAKKS Pacific Inc., of Malibu,
toxic if ingested by young children                                  heaters. Components inside the water heater may shift dur-        Calif., is voluntarily recalling about 245,000 Battery Packs
and can cause adverse health effects.                                ing transit, causing an air filter door switch to operate im-     for Toy Vehicles. The lithium-ion polymer batteries used to
                                                                     properly. If the switch fails and the air filter door is out of   charge the toy vehicles can ignite while charging, posing a
                                                                     place, the water heater could continue to operate and dust        fire hazard.
                                                                     and lint could build up, posing a carbon monoxide poison-
                                                                     ing hazard.                                                       Atmel Corp. Recalls to Upgrade Software in Microcon-
                                                                                                                                       trollers of Honeywell® Digital Cellular Communicators
                                                                     CPSC Corrects Record on Vinyl Lunchboxes Recent                   Atmel Corp., of San Jose, Calif. and the security business of
                                                                     news reports and postings on special interest group Web           Honeywell International, located in Syosset, N.Y., are vol-
                                                                     sites have provided information that incorrectly interprets       untarily recalling about 4,000 Atmel Microcontrollers used
                                                                     the findings of the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commis-          in Honeywell Digital Cellular Communicators. The micro-
                                                                     sion (CPSC) in testing vinyl lunchboxes. In 2005, CPSC            controller in the communicator can enter an unrecoverable
                                                                     staff scientists tested 60 soft, vinyl lunchboxes. The staff      lock-up state due to a programming issue. The lock-up
                                                                     tested the inside and outside surfaces of lunchboxes and          could result in a service interruption, and fail to transmit an
                                                                     found no instances of hazardous levels.                           alarm signal in the event of a fire or property invasion.
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