the New Economic
1789 1790 1796
1791 1792 1794
Constitution Ratified First Census Washington’s
Bill of Rights adopted Washington Whiskey’s Rebellion
-Our constitution was -First recording of the Farewell Address
-The first 10 reelected -The rebellion was started
ratified. population and -Washington warned
amendments of the -Washington was by people who refused to
-Set up the foundations demographics. politicians about the
constitution. elected for his second pay taxes on whiskey.
for the government we -Set up demographics dangers of the 2
-Aimed to protect the term. Washington used excessive
have today. so that politicians party system and
rights of the people so -Established military force on them.
would know what race foreign alliances.
that in the future the international -First time military force
to appeal to. -Set the tradition of
government couldn’t neutrality for his term was used to squander a
a two term
take them away. of office. rebellion.
1789 1791 1792
Washington Elected Samuel Slater Starts Federalist, 1794
First president Textile Factory Democratic- Jay’s Treaty Signed
-General of the Am. -Start of the American Republican parties -Jay averted war with
Revolutionary War is Industrial Revolution. formed England with the treaty.
elected president. -Started the American -Hamilton created the Made a lot of Americans 1797
-Established a succession Industrial Revolution Federalist party. angry at him, and the John Adams Become 2nd
of presidents, rather than which led to other Jefferson created federalist party. President
monarchs. inventions. Democratic- -One of the reasons the -Only Federalist president.
Republican party. federalists lost popularity. -Unpopular, barely won in
-Established the two his election. Made the
party system. federalist party suffer.
First Bank of US
1789 -Proposed by Alexander 1793
Judiciary Act of 1789 Hamilton to alleviate Washington’s Neutrality Proclamation 1797
-Established the number the pains of having -Established Washington’s policy on foreign XYZ Affair Causes
of supreme court justices affairs. Trouble
multiple banks spread
(5) and the supreme -Kept the US out of European affairs for -US gets angry at France
out. Was a political
court. football. Washington’s presidency only. because the US did not
-Established what is close follow France’s customs. A
-Set up economic
to our modern Judicial lot of Americans want a war
stability for the time
system. with France, Federalist
period it lasted. 1793 government doesn’t.
Eli Whitney Invents Cotton Gin -Caused poor relationships
-Made the process of harvesting with France.
and using cotton much easier.
-Labor intensive, so it created a
need for more slaves.
Alien and Sedition 1800 1804
Acts Ratified Jefferson elected 3rd Marbury v. Madison Impeachment of Justice 1810
-Laws aimed to President Chase Macon’s Bill # 2 discussed
prevent new -Democratic- -Only supreme court justice -The US would cease trade with
established that the
immigrants from Republican. Took the to be impeached. whoever (England or France)
midnight judges did
voting in the Southern vote. -Preserved separation of would stop impressing their
not have the legal
upcoming election. -Made the Louisiana powers between the branches soldiers.
rights to their offices 1808
-Made Jefferson write Purchase, doubling the because the law that of gov’t. -Ended Am. Neutrality.
the Va and Kentucky size of the United Slave Trade outlawed in
creates the jobs was
Resolutions. States. U.S.
unconstitutional. -The slave trade ended.
-Established Judicial -Not that much of an
Lewis and Clark impact. Slaves in the
Expedition United States came
-Lewis and Clark were paid mostly from
1798 1800 1810
to find a way to the Pacific. reproduction.
Va. And Kentucky Convention of 1800 Fletcher v. Peck
-Established the ability for -Peck’s contract couldn’t be
Resolution written -Took the Us out of
westward migration. invalidated.
-Written because of the Franco American
the Alien and Sedition Alliance. -First Case in which S.C.
1803 overruled a state’s law.
Acts. Gave states -Set up relations with Louisiana Purchase
rights that only the France for the -Purchased by 1807
National gov’t has. Louisiana Purchase. Thomas Jefferson for Embargo Act enforced
-Led to some states 15 million dollars. -Killed American exports. Was meant to be
claiming that they had -Doubled the size of “punishment” for England for the
the right to cede the United States. Chesapeake affair.
during the Civil War. 1800 1809
-More internal manufacturing.
2nd Great Awaking Non- Intercourse Act
begins -Reopened trade to all
-The 2nd great religious nations except France
1798 revival in American and England.
Undeclared war with History 1807 -Led to the War of 1812.
France begins -Temperance Chesapeake Affair
-Caused because of movement. More -British impressment. US got mad.
Jay’s Treaty/XYZ religious -Tension rose between England
affair. and the US as a result.
-Navy was created,
expanded our navy,
marines were created.
Fulton’s First Steamboat
-Created the first steamboat.
-Faster transportation. Need for a canal. Could now go
both up and down the Mississippi.
US Declares War on Britain Battle of New
-U.S declares War on Britain, Orleans 1820
even though peace could have -Final Major battle Missouri Compromise
been met had they waited a off the war of 1812. -No slavery was allowed
2nd Bank of US
month or two. US wins. north of 36 30
-Federalists even more -Shows US’s naval -Postponed the civil war
-Charter renewed while
unpopular. power. Federalist was still in
-Bank takes the blame for
the panic of 1819.
Panic of 1819
1811 1814 -Banks failing as a
Battle of Tippecanoe British burn Washington DC result of a cyclical
-Led by William Henry -Washington D.C. is burned to the ground in economy.
Harrison. the War of 1812 1823
1816 -Recession every 10 Monroe Doctrine
-Made Harrison a war -Caused the government to make all the years following this.
hero. Tariff of 1816 announced
buildings in the greek/roman style with
- 20-25% tax on imports -Non colonization,
marble. Inspired star spangled banner.
-First Tarrif aimed at protecting non intervention. Us
American trade. could not actually
enforce, made by
1814 of “freedom” in Latin
Treaty of Ghent American lands.
-Armistice to end the War of 1812. McCulloch v. Maryland
Cumberland Road -Ended the War of 1812. Hurt the 1816 Dartmouth v Woodward
Started Federalist Party. James Monroe elected in 1816 -Can’t tax the BUS, royal
-One of the very first -President of the Era of Good charter still stands.
federal roads. Feelings. -Increased power of the fed
-Made transportation -Panic of 1819. End of 1 party gov’t.
more effective. rule for his term.
-Secret convention due to Federalist 1817
Discontent with the War of 1812. Erie Canal Begins
-Killed the Federalist Party -Private Canal. Irish workers
worked on it. Connected
major cities together.
gave Irish immigrants jobs.
1824 American Temperance Mormon Church
JQ Adams Society formed formed 1833
“corrupt bargain” -Alcohol reform -John Smith founded. American Anti-
Panic of 1837
election -Helped the temperance Mormons voted in Slavery Society
1836 -Western land
-Adams beats movement, and other social blocks. Formed
Bank of US expired speculation caused it.
Jackson due to Clay issues. -Oppressed and forced -Wanted an immediate
-Charter expires, -Every 10 years after
as speaker of the to move west. end to slavery in the
Jackson refuses to this is another recession
reinstate. due to the cyclical
-Caused Jackson to -Created a political
-Led to the Whig economy.
get angry and party that didn’t do
much party and Jackson
campaign 4 years in
throwing money into
advance. 1828 pet banks.
Tariff of Abominations
1824 -45% tax on goods. A political 1838
Russo-Am. Treaty trap laid by Jackson. Trail of Tears
-Treaty between -Hurt south, helped north. began
Russia and the US -Many Indians
1832 Specie Circular Issued
because of Russia’s were killed as a
Bank wars begin -Required payment for public land
outposts on the pacific result of westward
-Battle between Clay and Jackson. in hard money.
Clay wants the BUS reinstated, -Helped cause the panic of 1837
-Helped US’s dream -Westward
Jackson vetoes the bill and anything
of Manifest Destiny. Andrew Jackson elected with Clay’s name on it. Jackson wins
-Won solely due to his image. due to his extension of the power of
were just pushed
-Started Log Cabin politics, dirty the presidency.
politics. -Clay’s political trap backfired and Republic of Texas announced
Jackson won the election of 1832. -Texas secedes from Mexico and is
Creation of pet banks. its own republic.
-Later led to the annexation of
So. Carolina Exposition Texas.
-John C. Calhoun. Angry about Jackson winning, so he
tries to stir up rebellion by getting SC to nullify the Tariff So. Carolina Nullification
of Abominations. Crisis
-Led to Nullification Crisis of 1828. -SC nullifies Tariff of
abominations and threatens to Van Burren elected
secede. -Van Buren was elected.
-Leads to tariff of 1833. -Blamed for shortcomings in Jackson’s
1840 1845 Seneca Falls Convention 1850
Wm. Henry Potato famine in Ireland -Women’s rights convention. Compromise of 1850
Harrison elected -Potatoe crop famine. -First major women’s rights -Again pushing back the civil
-Hero of tippacanoe. -Mass migration of the movement.
Elected because of 1843 Irish to large American
Mormon -Attempted to be a
that. Clipper Ship Era. cities.
Migration to Utah compromise, but the North
-Died in office. -Fast small ships used
-Brigham Young never actually went through
prior to the ironclads with the fugitive slave act.
-Introduction of ironclads brought the
mormons to Utah
changed naval warfare. 1848
because no one else
wanted it. Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo
-Established Utah -US beats Mexico, Mexico gives
1841 1845 up 50% of it’s land. US pays
Tyler assumes Fredrick Douglass as home of the
1843 mormons. Mexico 15 million dollars.
presidency Auto Biography -Largest US land acquisition.
-First vice president Dorothea Dix worked for -Through his 1850
to become president the rights of insane. autobiography, many Fugitive slave Law
because Van Buren -Went around to mental people were exposed to -If an escaped slave was
got shot. hospitals researching and the cruelty of slavery. found in the north, it had to
-Pushed for the showing the public what -Presented slavery as a be returned to the south.
annexation of Texas they were like. moral, rather than 1849 -No big impact. The north
-Led to the improvement of economic issue. California Gold ignored this for the most
mental hospitals. rush part.
gold. Indians get
kicked out of
1842 Texas annexed Mexican War 1850
-Large influx of
-Texas as a state -Troops were placed on
Commonwealth v. Hunt people make Cali. Fillmore assumed
-Brought up the the Rio Grande.
-Unions are not illegal. eligible for presidency
compromise of 1850 Mexicans attack them,
-Started up more unions statehood. -Assumed the
US attacks Mexico.
because of their legality. presidency after Taylor
-Resulted in the Treaty
-Was never elected
of Guadelupe Hidalgo. president, and never
1849 got the nomination for
Know-Nothing Party anything after his term.
-Nativist attitude. Anti
Maine passed first 1856 Lincoln-Douglas debates
law prohibiting Bleeding Kansas -Series of debates between
liquor (1856-1860) Lincoln and Stephen 1860
1853 -People killing other people Lincoln elected
-Prohibited liquor. Douglass.
-Leads to the 21st because of the Kansas Nebraska -The debates increased -Minority president. A non radical
-Purchase of a portion of land to republican.
amendment in a Act. Anarchy. Lincoln’s popularity.
finalize border issues with -Rose tensions between the -Wanted to keep the Union in tact,
Mexico. north and south. ended up fighting in a civil war.
-Finalized border issues with
Harriet Beecher Stowe
-Wrote Uncle Tom’s
-Made the horrors of Dred Scott Decision
Perry opened trade with -Slaves, were property, and therefore could not sue, So. Carolina secedes from Union
slavery known to more -First state to secede from the Union.
Japan nor become citizens. US could not ban slavery.
people in the North. -Led to other states seceding, and the Civil
-Created trade with Japan. -Was later overruled, but it helped raise tensions
-Led to the economic growth of for the civil war. War.
both the US and Japan.
1854 Brown’s raid on Harpers
Kansas-Nebraska Act Ferry 1861
-Attempted to use popular sovereignty to -John Brown killed people 7 states secede from the Union
declare if the state would be a slave or free because he was a radical -The 7 states form the
state. wanting to free slaves. confederacy, with Jefferson
-Caused bleeding Kansas and many other -Again, this rose tensions Davis as the leader.
problems for states who had almost no between the North and South. -Led to the civil war.