US History Timeline 1789-1861

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US History Timeline 1789-1861 Powered By Docstoc
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 Building            Political
 the New             Economic
  Nation             Social
1789-1861            War




          1789                         1790                                                                                                                    1796
                                                                  1791                     1792                                    1794
  Constitution Ratified            First Census                                                                                                          Washington’s
                                                        Bill of Rights adopted        Washington                          Whiskey’s Rebellion
-Our constitution was        -First recording of the                                                                                                   Farewell Address
                                                       -The first 10                    reelected                     -The rebellion was started
ratified.                    population and                                                                                                           -Washington warned
                                                       amendments of the         -Washington was                      by people who refused to
-Set up the foundations      demographics.                                                                                                            politicians about the
                                                       constitution.             elected for his second               pay taxes on whiskey.
for the government we        -Set up demographics                                                                                                     dangers of the 2
                                                       -Aimed to protect the     term.                                Washington used excessive
have today.                  so that politicians                                                                                                      party system and
                                                       rights of the people so   -Established                         military force on them.
                             would know what race                                                                                                     foreign alliances.
                                                       that in the future the    international                        -First time military force
                             to appeal to.                                                                                                            -Set the tradition of
                                                       government couldn’t       neutrality for his term              was used to squander a
                                                                                                                                                      a two term
                                                       take them away.           of office.                           rebellion.
                                                                                                                                                      presidency.


          1789                                                    1791                     1792
  Washington Elected                                    Samuel Slater Starts            Federalist,                                 1794
     First president                                       Textile Factory             Democratic-                         Jay’s Treaty Signed
-General of the Am.                                    -Start of the American      Republican parties                  -Jay averted war with
Revolutionary War is                                   Industrial Revolution.             formed                       England with the treaty.
elected president.                                     -Started the American      -Hamilton created the                Made a lot of Americans                      1797
-Established a succession                              Industrial Revolution      Federalist party.                    angry at him, and the             John Adams Become 2nd
of presidents, rather than                             which led to other         Jefferson created                    federalist party.                         President
monarchs.                                              inventions.                Democratic-                          -One of the reasons the          -Only Federalist president.
                                                                                  Republican party.                    federalists lost popularity.     -Unpopular, barely won in
                                                                                  -Established the two                                                  his election. Made the
                                                                                  party system.                                                         federalist party suffer.

                                                                  1791
                                                          First Bank of US
                                                                Created
           1789                                        -Proposed by Alexander                                  1793
  Judiciary Act of 1789                                Hamilton to alleviate                  Washington’s Neutrality Proclamation                                 1797
-Established the number                                the pains of having                -Established Washington’s policy on foreign                       XYZ Affair Causes
of supreme court justices                                                                 affairs.                                                               Trouble
                                                       multiple banks spread
(5) and the supreme                                                                       -Kept the US out of European affairs for                     -US gets angry at France
                                                       out. Was a political
court.                                                 football.                          Washington’s presidency only.                                because the US did not
-Established what is close                                                                                                                             follow France’s customs. A
                                                       -Set up economic
to our modern Judicial                                                                                                                                 lot of Americans want a war
                                                       stability for the time
system.                                                                                                                                                with France, Federalist
                                                       period it lasted.                                         1793                                  government doesn’t.
                                                                                                   Eli Whitney Invents Cotton Gin                      -Caused poor relationships
                                                                                                  -Made the process of harvesting                      with France.
                                                                                                  and using cotton much easier.
                                                                                                  -Labor intensive, so it created a
                                                                                                  need for more slaves.
         1798
  Alien and Sedition               1800                                                    1804
                                                              1803
     Acts Ratified        Jefferson elected 3rd      Marbury v. Madison           Impeachment of Justice                                                             1810
-Laws aimed to                  President                                                 Chase                                                            Macon’s Bill # 2 discussed
                                                    -Supreme Court
prevent new              -Democratic-                                          -Only supreme court justice                                              -The US would cease trade with
                                                    established that the
immigrants from          Republican. Took the                                  to be impeached.                                                         whoever (England or France)
                                                    midnight judges did
voting in the            Southern vote.                                        -Preserved separation of                                                 would stop impressing their
                                                    not have the legal
upcoming election.       -Made the Louisiana                                   powers between the branches                                              soldiers.
                                                    rights to their offices                                                      1808
-Made Jefferson write    Purchase, doubling the     because the law that       of gov’t.                                                                -Ended Am. Neutrality.
the Va and Kentucky      size of the United                                                                           Slave Trade outlawed in
                                                    creates the jobs was
Resolutions.             States.                                                                                                 U.S.
                                                    unconstitutional.                                                 -The slave trade ended.
                                                    -Established Judicial                                             -Not that much of an
                                                    Review.                               1804
                                                                                     Lewis and Clark                  impact. Slaves in the
                                                                                        Expedition                    United States came
                                                                              -Lewis and Clark were paid              mostly from
          1798                    1800                                                                                                                                 1810
                                                                              to find a way to the Pacific.           reproduction.
  Va. And Kentucky        Convention of 1800                                                                                                                     Fletcher v. Peck
                                                                              -Established the ability for                                                -Peck’s contract couldn’t be
  Resolution written     -Took the Us out of
                                                                              westward migration.                                                         invalidated.
-Written because of      the Franco American
the Alien and Sedition   Alliance.                                                                                                                        -First Case in which S.C.
                                                             1803                                                                                         overruled a state’s law.
Acts. Gave states        -Set up relations with      Louisiana Purchase
rights that only the     France for the             -Purchased by                                       1807
National gov’t has.      Louisiana Purchase.        Thomas Jefferson for                       Embargo Act enforced
-Led to some states                                 15 million dollars.              -Killed American exports. Was meant to be
claiming that they had                              -Doubled the size of             “punishment” for England for the
the right to cede                                   the United States.               Chesapeake affair.
during the Civil War.              1800                                                                                                          1809
                                                                                     -More internal manufacturing.
                           2nd Great Awaking                                                                                            Non- Intercourse Act
                                  begins                                                                                               -Reopened trade to all
                         -The 2nd great religious                                                                                      nations except France
         1798            revival in American                                                                                           and England.
Undeclared war with      History                                                                          1807                         -Led to the War of 1812.
    France begins        -Temperance                                                               Chesapeake Affair
-Caused because of       movement. More                                                    -British impressment. US got mad.
Jay’s Treaty/XYZ         religious                                                         -Tension rose between England
affair.                                                                                    and the US as a result.
-Navy was created,
expanded our navy,
marines were created.
                                                                                                       1807
                                                                                            Fulton’s First Steamboat
                                                                              -Created the first steamboat.
                                                                              -Faster transportation. Need for a canal. Could now go
                                                                              both up and down the Mississippi.
                                 1812                                          1815
                    US Declares War on Britain                            Battle of New
                    -U.S declares War on Britain,                            Orleans                                                                                         1820
                    even though peace could have                      -Final Major battle                                                                          Missouri Compromise
                                                                                                                1816
                    been met had they waited a                        off the war of 1812.                                                                       -No slavery was allowed
                                                                                                          2nd Bank of US
                    month or two.                                     US wins.                                                                                   north of 36 30
                                                                                                             Chartered
                    -Federalists even more                            -Shows US’s naval                                                                          -Postponed the civil war
                                                                                                     -Charter renewed while
                    unpopular.                                        power.                         Federalist was still in
                                                                                                     office.
                                                                                                     -Bank takes the blame for
                                                                                                     the panic of 1819.
                                                                                                                                                    1819
                                                                                                                                              Panic of 1819
          1811                                              1814                                                                         -Banks failing as a
 Battle of Tippecanoe                         British burn Washington DC                                                                 result of a cyclical
-Led by William Henry                  -Washington D.C. is burned to the ground in                                                       economy.
Harrison.                              the War of 1812                                                                                                                                 1823
                                                                                                               1816                      -Recession every 10                    Monroe Doctrine
-Made Harrison a war                   -Caused the government to make all the                                                            years following this.
hero.                                                                                                    Tariff of 1816                                                             announced
                                       buildings in the greek/roman style with
                                                                                               - 20-25% tax on imports                                                        -Non colonization,
                                       marble. Inspired star spangled banner.
                                                                                               -First Tarrif aimed at protecting                                              non intervention. Us
                                                                                               American trade.                                                                could not actually
                                                                                                                                                                              enforce, made by
                                                                                                                                                                              JQA.
                                                                                                                                                                              -Nationalism, spread
                                                              1814                                                                                                            of “freedom” in Latin
                                                       Treaty of Ghent                                                                                                        American lands.
                                            -Armistice to end the War of 1812.                                                           McCulloch v. Maryland
  Cumberland Road                           -Ended the War of 1812. Hurt the                                1816                         Dartmouth v Woodward
        Started                             Federalist Party.                                James Monroe elected in 1816              -Can’t tax the BUS, royal
-One of the very first                                                                       -President of the Era of Good             charter still stands.
federal roads.                                                                               Feelings.                                 -Increased power of the fed
-Made transportation                                                                         -Panic of 1819. End of 1 party            gov’t.
more effective.                                                                              rule for his term.


                                                              1814
                                                     Hartford Convention
                                         -Secret convention due to Federalist                                                         1817
                                         Discontent with the War of 1812.                                                     Erie Canal Begins
                                         -Killed the Federalist Party                                                   -Private Canal. Irish workers
                                                                                                                        worked on it. Connected
                                                                                                                        major cities together.
                                                                                                                        -Increased transportation,
                                                                                                                        gave Irish immigrants jobs.
                                        1826                                                 1830
        1824                   American Temperance                                     Mormon Church
     JQ Adams                      Society formed                                           formed                          1833
                                                                                                                                                                                             1837
“corrupt bargain”          -Alcohol reform                                          -John Smith founded.              American Anti-
                                                                                                                                                                                        Panic of 1837
      election             -Helped the temperance                                   Mormons voted in                  Slavery Society
                                                                                                                                                            1836                  -Western land
-Adams beats               movement, and other social                               blocks.                               Formed
                                                                                                                                                    Bank of US expired            speculation caused it.
Jackson due to Clay        issues.                                                  -Oppressed and forced         -Wanted an immediate
                                                                                                                                                   -Charter expires,              -Every 10 years after
as speaker of the                                                                   to move west.                 end to slavery in the
                                                                                                                                                   Jackson refuses to             this is another recession
house.                                                                                                            US
                                                                                                                                                   reinstate.                     due to the cyclical
-Caused Jackson to                                                                                                -Created a political
                                                                                                                                                   -Led to the Whig               economy.
get angry and                                                                                                     party that didn’t do
                                                                                                                  much                             party and Jackson
campaign 4 years in
                                                                                                                                                   throwing money into
advance.                                                 1828                                                                                      pet banks.
                                               Tariff of Abominations
         1824                              -45% tax on goods. A political                                                                                                                   1838
  Russo-Am. Treaty                         trap laid by Jackson.                                                                                                                       Trail of Tears
-Treaty between                            -Hurt south, helped north.                                                                                                                      began
Russia and the US                                                                                                                                                                   -Many Indians
                                                                                                               1832                               Specie Circular Issued
because of Russia’s                                                                                                                                                                 were killed as a
                                                                                                        Bank wars begin                     -Required payment for public land
outposts on the pacific                                                                                                                                                             result of westward
                                                                                             -Battle between Clay and Jackson.              in hard money.
coast.                                                                                                                                                                              expansion.
                                                                                             Clay wants the BUS reinstated,                 -Helped cause the panic of 1837
-Helped US’s dream                                                                                                                                                                  -Westward
                                                                                             Jackson vetoes the bill and anything
                                                                                                                                                                                    expansion could
of Manifest Destiny.                           Andrew Jackson elected                        with Clay’s name on it. Jackson wins
                                                                                                                                                                                    happen. Indians
                                          -Won solely due to his image.                      due to his extension of the power of
                                                                                                                                                                                    were just pushed
                                          -Started Log Cabin politics, dirty                 the presidency.
                                                                                                                                                                                    more west.
                                          politics.                                          -Clay’s political trap backfired and            Republic of Texas announced
                                                                                             Jackson won the election of 1832.            -Texas secedes from Mexico and is
                                                                                             Creation of pet banks.                       its own republic.
                                                                                                                                          -Later led to the annexation of
                                             So. Carolina Exposition                                                                      Texas.
                          -John C. Calhoun. Angry about Jackson winning, so he
                          tries to stir up rebellion by getting SC to nullify the Tariff           So. Carolina Nullification
                          of Abominations.                                                                     Crisis
                          -Led to Nullification Crisis of 1828.                                 -SC nullifies Tariff of
                                                                                                abominations and threatens to                      Van Burren elected
                                                                                                secede.                                   -Van Buren was elected.
                                                                                                -Leads to tariff of 1833.                 -Blamed for shortcomings in Jackson’s
                                                                                                                                          term.
                                                                                                                                   1848
        1840                                                                1845                                        Seneca Falls Convention                         1850
      Wm. Henry                                                 Potato famine in Ireland                             -Women’s rights convention.                Compromise of 1850
  Harrison elected                                              -Potatoe crop famine.                                -First major women’s rights            -Again pushing back the civil
-Hero of tippacanoe.                                            -Mass migration of the                               movement.
                                                                                                    1846                                                    war.
Elected because of                             1843             Irish to large American
                                                                                                 Mormon                                                     -Attempted to be a
that.                                   Clipper Ship Era.       cities.
                                                                                             Migration to Utah                                              compromise, but the North
-Died in office.                   -Fast small ships used
                                                                                            -Brigham Young                                                  never actually went through
                                   prior to the ironclads                                                                                                   with the fugitive slave act.
                                   -Introduction of ironclads                               brought the
                                                                                            mormons to Utah
                                   changed naval warfare.                                                                          1848
                                                                                            because no one else
                                                                                            wanted it.                Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo
                                                                                            -Established Utah        -US beats Mexico, Mexico gives
                1841                                                       1845                                      up 50% of it’s land. US pays
           Tyler assumes                                           Fredrick Douglass        as home of the
                                               1843                                         mormons.                 Mexico 15 million dollars.
            presidency                                              Auto Biography                                   -Largest US land acquisition.
       -First vice president        Dorothea Dix worked for     -Through his                                                                                           1850
       to become president            the rights of insane.     autobiography, many                                                                             Fugitive slave Law
       because Van Buren           -Went around to mental       people were exposed to                                                                     -If an escaped slave was
       got shot.                   hospitals researching and    the cruelty of slavery.                                                                    found in the north, it had to
       -Pushed for the             showing the public what      -Presented slavery as a                                                                    be returned to the south.
       annexation of Texas         they were like.              moral, rather than                                                         1849            -No big impact. The north
                                   -Led to the improvement of   economic issue.                                                      California Gold       ignored this for the most
                                   mental hospitals.                                                                                       rush            part.
                                                                                                                                   -Someone found
                                                                                                                                   gold. Indians get
                                                                                                                                   kicked out of
                                                                          1845                      1846
                                                                                                                                   California.
                        1842                                        Texas annexed               Mexican War                                                           1850
                                                                                                                                   -Large influx of
                                                                -Texas as a state          -Troops were placed on
              Commonwealth v. Hunt                                                                                                 people make Cali.          Fillmore assumed
                                                                -Brought up the            the Rio Grande.
            -Unions are not illegal.                                                                                               eligible for                   presidency
                                                                compromise of 1850         Mexicans attack them,
            -Started up more unions                                                                                                statehood.               -Assumed the
                                                                                           US attacks Mexico.
            because of their legality.                                                                                                                      presidency after Taylor
                                                                                           Mexico loses.
                                                                                                                                                            was killed.
                                                                                           -Resulted in the Treaty
                                                                                                                                                            -Was never elected
                                                                                           of Guadelupe Hidalgo.                                            president, and never
                                                                                                                                          1849              got the nomination for
                                                                                                                                 Know-Nothing Party         anything after his term.
                                                                                                                                        Formed
                                                                                                                                -Nativist attitude. Anti
                                                                                                                                immigration.
                                                                                                                                -Succeeded by:
                                                                                                                                Republican Party
         1851                                                                                                                1858
 Maine passed first                                                                     1856                      Lincoln-Douglas debates
   law prohibiting                                                               Bleeding Kansas                 -Series of debates between
        liquor                                                                      (1856-1860)                  Lincoln and Stephen                                           1860
                                              1853                        -People killing other people                                                                   Lincoln elected
-Prohibited liquor.                                                                                              Douglass.
                                        Gadsen Purchase
-Leads to the 21st                                                        because of the Kansas Nebraska         -The debates increased                         -Minority president. A non radical
                                -Purchase of a portion of land to                                                                                               republican.
amendment in a                                                            Act. Anarchy.                          Lincoln’s popularity.
                                finalize border issues with               -Rose tensions between the                                                            -Wanted to keep the Union in tact,
couple decades.
                                Mexico.                                   north and south.                                                                      ended up fighting in a civil war.
                                -Finalized border issues with
                                Mexico.


                1852
      Harriet Beecher Stowe
      -Wrote Uncle Tom’s
      cabin.                                                                                              1857
                                                 1854                                                                                                                     1860
      -Made the horrors of                                                                         Dred Scott Decision
                                      Perry opened trade with                      -Slaves, were property, and therefore could not sue,                   So. Carolina secedes from Union
      slavery known to more                                                                                                                         -First state to secede from the Union.
                                                Japan                              nor become citizens. US could not ban slavery.
      people in the North.                                                                                                                          -Led to other states seceding, and the Civil
                                   -Created trade with Japan.                      -Was later overruled, but it helped raise tensions
                                   -Led to the economic growth of                  for the civil war.                                               War.
                                   both the US and Japan.




                                                                                                                                        1859
                                                    1854                                                                     Brown’s raid on Harpers
                                          Kansas-Nebraska Act                                                                          Ferry                                   1861
                              -Attempted to use popular sovereignty to                                                     -John Brown killed people             7 states secede from the Union
                              declare if the state would be a slave or free                                                because he was a radical             -The 7 states form the
                              state.                                                                                       wanting to free slaves.              confederacy, with Jefferson
                              -Caused bleeding Kansas and many other                                                       -Again, this rose tensions           Davis as the leader.
                              problems for states who had almost no                                                        between the North and South.         -Led to the civil war.
                              slaves.

				
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