Key Building Political the New Economic Nation Social 1789-1861 War 1789 1790 1796 1791 1792 1794 Constitution Ratified First Census Washington’s Bill of Rights adopted Washington Whiskey’s Rebellion -Our constitution was -First recording of the Farewell Address -The first 10 reelected -The rebellion was started ratified. population and -Washington warned amendments of the -Washington was by people who refused to -Set up the foundations demographics. politicians about the constitution. elected for his second pay taxes on whiskey. for the government we -Set up demographics dangers of the 2 -Aimed to protect the term. Washington used excessive have today. so that politicians party system and rights of the people so -Established military force on them. would know what race foreign alliances. that in the future the international -First time military force to appeal to. -Set the tradition of government couldn’t neutrality for his term was used to squander a a two term take them away. of office. rebellion. presidency. 1789 1791 1792 Washington Elected Samuel Slater Starts Federalist, 1794 First president Textile Factory Democratic- Jay’s Treaty Signed -General of the Am. -Start of the American Republican parties -Jay averted war with Revolutionary War is Industrial Revolution. formed England with the treaty. elected president. -Started the American -Hamilton created the Made a lot of Americans 1797 -Established a succession Industrial Revolution Federalist party. angry at him, and the John Adams Become 2nd of presidents, rather than which led to other Jefferson created federalist party. President monarchs. inventions. Democratic- -One of the reasons the -Only Federalist president. Republican party. federalists lost popularity. -Unpopular, barely won in -Established the two his election. Made the party system. federalist party suffer. 1791 First Bank of US Created 1789 -Proposed by Alexander 1793 Judiciary Act of 1789 Hamilton to alleviate Washington’s Neutrality Proclamation 1797 -Established the number the pains of having -Established Washington’s policy on foreign XYZ Affair Causes of supreme court justices affairs. Trouble multiple banks spread (5) and the supreme -Kept the US out of European affairs for -US gets angry at France out. Was a political court. football. Washington’s presidency only. because the US did not -Established what is close follow France’s customs. A -Set up economic to our modern Judicial lot of Americans want a war stability for the time system. with France, Federalist period it lasted. 1793 government doesn’t. Eli Whitney Invents Cotton Gin -Caused poor relationships -Made the process of harvesting with France. and using cotton much easier. -Labor intensive, so it created a need for more slaves. 1798 Alien and Sedition 1800 1804 1803 Acts Ratified Jefferson elected 3rd Marbury v. Madison Impeachment of Justice 1810 -Laws aimed to President Chase Macon’s Bill # 2 discussed -Supreme Court prevent new -Democratic- -Only supreme court justice -The US would cease trade with established that the immigrants from Republican. Took the to be impeached. whoever (England or France) midnight judges did voting in the Southern vote. -Preserved separation of would stop impressing their not have the legal upcoming election. -Made the Louisiana powers between the branches soldiers. rights to their offices 1808 -Made Jefferson write Purchase, doubling the because the law that of gov’t. -Ended Am. Neutrality. the Va and Kentucky size of the United Slave Trade outlawed in creates the jobs was Resolutions. States. U.S. unconstitutional. -The slave trade ended. -Established Judicial -Not that much of an Review. 1804 Lewis and Clark impact. Slaves in the Expedition United States came -Lewis and Clark were paid mostly from 1798 1800 1810 to find a way to the Pacific. reproduction. Va. And Kentucky Convention of 1800 Fletcher v. Peck -Established the ability for -Peck’s contract couldn’t be Resolution written -Took the Us out of westward migration. invalidated. -Written because of the Franco American the Alien and Sedition Alliance. -First Case in which S.C. 1803 overruled a state’s law. Acts. Gave states -Set up relations with Louisiana Purchase rights that only the France for the -Purchased by 1807 National gov’t has. Louisiana Purchase. Thomas Jefferson for Embargo Act enforced -Led to some states 15 million dollars. -Killed American exports. Was meant to be claiming that they had -Doubled the size of “punishment” for England for the the right to cede the United States. Chesapeake affair. during the Civil War. 1800 1809 -More internal manufacturing. 2nd Great Awaking Non- Intercourse Act begins -Reopened trade to all -The 2nd great religious nations except France 1798 revival in American and England. Undeclared war with History 1807 -Led to the War of 1812. France begins -Temperance Chesapeake Affair -Caused because of movement. More -British impressment. US got mad. Jay’s Treaty/XYZ religious -Tension rose between England affair. and the US as a result. -Navy was created, expanded our navy, marines were created. 1807 Fulton’s First Steamboat -Created the first steamboat. -Faster transportation. Need for a canal. Could now go both up and down the Mississippi. 1812 1815 US Declares War on Britain Battle of New -U.S declares War on Britain, Orleans 1820 even though peace could have -Final Major battle Missouri Compromise 1816 been met had they waited a off the war of 1812. -No slavery was allowed 2nd Bank of US month or two. US wins. north of 36 30 Chartered -Federalists even more -Shows US’s naval -Postponed the civil war -Charter renewed while unpopular. power. Federalist was still in office. -Bank takes the blame for the panic of 1819. 1819 Panic of 1819 1811 1814 -Banks failing as a Battle of Tippecanoe British burn Washington DC result of a cyclical -Led by William Henry -Washington D.C. is burned to the ground in economy. Harrison. the War of 1812 1823 1816 -Recession every 10 Monroe Doctrine -Made Harrison a war -Caused the government to make all the years following this. hero. Tariff of 1816 announced buildings in the greek/roman style with - 20-25% tax on imports -Non colonization, marble. Inspired star spangled banner. -First Tarrif aimed at protecting non intervention. Us American trade. could not actually enforce, made by JQA. -Nationalism, spread 1814 of “freedom” in Latin Treaty of Ghent American lands. -Armistice to end the War of 1812. McCulloch v. Maryland Cumberland Road -Ended the War of 1812. Hurt the 1816 Dartmouth v Woodward Started Federalist Party. James Monroe elected in 1816 -Can’t tax the BUS, royal -One of the very first -President of the Era of Good charter still stands. federal roads. Feelings. -Increased power of the fed -Made transportation -Panic of 1819. End of 1 party gov’t. more effective. rule for his term. 1814 Hartford Convention -Secret convention due to Federalist 1817 Discontent with the War of 1812. Erie Canal Begins -Killed the Federalist Party -Private Canal. Irish workers worked on it. Connected major cities together. -Increased transportation, gave Irish immigrants jobs. 1826 1830 1824 American Temperance Mormon Church JQ Adams Society formed formed 1833 1837 “corrupt bargain” -Alcohol reform -John Smith founded. American Anti- Panic of 1837 election -Helped the temperance Mormons voted in Slavery Society 1836 -Western land -Adams beats movement, and other social blocks. Formed Bank of US expired speculation caused it. Jackson due to Clay issues. -Oppressed and forced -Wanted an immediate -Charter expires, -Every 10 years after as speaker of the to move west. end to slavery in the Jackson refuses to this is another recession house. US reinstate. due to the cyclical -Caused Jackson to -Created a political -Led to the Whig economy. get angry and party that didn’t do much party and Jackson campaign 4 years in throwing money into advance. 1828 pet banks. Tariff of Abominations 1824 -45% tax on goods. A political 1838 Russo-Am. Treaty trap laid by Jackson. Trail of Tears -Treaty between -Hurt south, helped north. began Russia and the US -Many Indians 1832 Specie Circular Issued because of Russia’s were killed as a Bank wars begin -Required payment for public land outposts on the pacific result of westward -Battle between Clay and Jackson. in hard money. coast. expansion. Clay wants the BUS reinstated, -Helped cause the panic of 1837 -Helped US’s dream -Westward Jackson vetoes the bill and anything expansion could of Manifest Destiny. Andrew Jackson elected with Clay’s name on it. Jackson wins happen. Indians -Won solely due to his image. due to his extension of the power of were just pushed -Started Log Cabin politics, dirty the presidency. more west. politics. -Clay’s political trap backfired and Republic of Texas announced Jackson won the election of 1832. -Texas secedes from Mexico and is Creation of pet banks. its own republic. -Later led to the annexation of So. Carolina Exposition Texas. -John C. Calhoun. Angry about Jackson winning, so he tries to stir up rebellion by getting SC to nullify the Tariff So. Carolina Nullification of Abominations. Crisis -Led to Nullification Crisis of 1828. -SC nullifies Tariff of abominations and threatens to Van Burren elected secede. -Van Buren was elected. -Leads to tariff of 1833. -Blamed for shortcomings in Jackson’s term. 1848 1840 1845 Seneca Falls Convention 1850 Wm. Henry Potato famine in Ireland -Women’s rights convention. Compromise of 1850 Harrison elected -Potatoe crop famine. -First major women’s rights -Again pushing back the civil -Hero of tippacanoe. -Mass migration of the movement. 1846 war. Elected because of 1843 Irish to large American Mormon -Attempted to be a that. Clipper Ship Era. cities. Migration to Utah compromise, but the North -Died in office. -Fast small ships used -Brigham Young never actually went through prior to the ironclads with the fugitive slave act. -Introduction of ironclads brought the mormons to Utah changed naval warfare. 1848 because no one else wanted it. Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo -Established Utah -US beats Mexico, Mexico gives 1841 1845 up 50% of it’s land. US pays Tyler assumes Fredrick Douglass as home of the 1843 mormons. Mexico 15 million dollars. presidency Auto Biography -Largest US land acquisition. -First vice president Dorothea Dix worked for -Through his 1850 to become president the rights of insane. autobiography, many Fugitive slave Law because Van Buren -Went around to mental people were exposed to -If an escaped slave was got shot. hospitals researching and the cruelty of slavery. found in the north, it had to -Pushed for the showing the public what -Presented slavery as a be returned to the south. annexation of Texas they were like. moral, rather than 1849 -No big impact. The north -Led to the improvement of economic issue. California Gold ignored this for the most mental hospitals. rush part. -Someone found gold. Indians get kicked out of 1845 1846 California. 1842 Texas annexed Mexican War 1850 -Large influx of -Texas as a state -Troops were placed on Commonwealth v. Hunt people make Cali. Fillmore assumed -Brought up the the Rio Grande. -Unions are not illegal. eligible for presidency compromise of 1850 Mexicans attack them, -Started up more unions statehood. -Assumed the US attacks Mexico. because of their legality. presidency after Taylor Mexico loses. was killed. -Resulted in the Treaty -Was never elected of Guadelupe Hidalgo. president, and never 1849 got the nomination for Know-Nothing Party anything after his term. Formed -Nativist attitude. Anti immigration. -Succeeded by: Republican Party 1851 1858 Maine passed first 1856 Lincoln-Douglas debates law prohibiting Bleeding Kansas -Series of debates between liquor (1856-1860) Lincoln and Stephen 1860 1853 -People killing other people Lincoln elected -Prohibited liquor. Douglass. Gadsen Purchase -Leads to the 21st because of the Kansas Nebraska -The debates increased -Minority president. A non radical -Purchase of a portion of land to republican. amendment in a Act. Anarchy. Lincoln’s popularity. finalize border issues with -Rose tensions between the -Wanted to keep the Union in tact, couple decades. Mexico. north and south. ended up fighting in a civil war. -Finalized border issues with Mexico. 1852 Harriet Beecher Stowe -Wrote Uncle Tom’s cabin. 1857 1854 1860 -Made the horrors of Dred Scott Decision Perry opened trade with -Slaves, were property, and therefore could not sue, So. Carolina secedes from Union slavery known to more -First state to secede from the Union. Japan nor become citizens. US could not ban slavery. people in the North. -Led to other states seceding, and the Civil -Created trade with Japan. -Was later overruled, but it helped raise tensions -Led to the economic growth of for the civil war. War. both the US and Japan. 1859 1854 Brown’s raid on Harpers Kansas-Nebraska Act Ferry 1861 -Attempted to use popular sovereignty to -John Brown killed people 7 states secede from the Union declare if the state would be a slave or free because he was a radical -The 7 states form the state. wanting to free slaves. confederacy, with Jefferson -Caused bleeding Kansas and many other -Again, this rose tensions Davis as the leader. problems for states who had almost no between the North and South. -Led to the civil war. slaves.
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