three elements of health by fasterstronger

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									Chapter 1 notes

Chapter 1-Lesson 1

Take charge of your health:
-What makes someone healthy?
 +physical activity
 +gets along well with others
 +feels good about himself or herself

Health is the combination of physical, mentally/emotional, & social well-being.

Health is dynamic, or subject to constant change.

Health Continuum- spans the complete spectrum of health from chronic disease and
premature death to a high level of health.
-changes can occur suddenly or so gradual that you are not aware of them.
.
Wellness is an overall state of well-being, or total health. It comes from making decisions
and practicing behaviors that are based on sound health knowledge and healthful
attitudes.

Your health triangle:
-physical health
-mental/emotional
-social


Physical Health: how well your body functions:
-Having enough energy to perform your daily activities, deal with everyday stresses, and
avoid injury.

Lifestyle factors are habits that affect people’s overall health, happiness, and longevity,
or how long they live.

Lifestyle Factors
-start each day with a healthy breakfast
-manage stress
-maintain a positive relationship
-abstain from sexual activity before marriage
-practice safe behaviors to prevent injuries
-get 8-10 hours of sleep each night
-eat nutritious meals & drink 8 cups of water each day
-engage in 30-60 minutes of physical activities every day
-avoid the use of tobacco, alcohol, & other drugs
-bathe daily, and floss & brush your teeth everyday.
Prevention- practicing health and safety habits to remain free of disease and injury.

Health education- is the providing of accurate health information to help people make
healthy choices. The goal of health education is to show people the relationship of
healthful living to their quality of life.

 Healthy People 2010 are a nationwide health promotion and disease prevention plan
designed to serve as a guide for improving the health of all people in the United States.

Two main goals for the future for the Healthy People 2010 are:
-increase quality and years of healthy life for all Americans
-remove health differences that result from factors such as gender, race, education,
disability, and location.

Ways that individuals, families, and communities can improve the health of individuals
and thus contribute to the health of the nation.

-Individuals can take an active role in their own health.
  +setting personal goals for maintaining a healthy body.
  +learn to access reliable health care information and services and to promote the health
of others.
-Families can share the attitudes and beliefs that result in healthful behaviors.
  +parents and guardians play an important role in meeting the nation’s health goals
when they teach their children the values and skills necessary to maintain good health.



-Communities can provide health services and offer behavior-changing classes such as
tobacco-cessation programs.
  +they can take steps to ensure a safe environment
Health literacy- refers to a person’s capacity to learn about and understand basis health
information and services and use these resources to promote his or her health and
wellness.

Chapter 1- Lesson 2

Three elements of health:
-physical
-mental/emotional
-social

Seven tips for good physical health:
-getting adequate sleep and rest
-eating nutritious meals
-drinking enough water
-being physically active on a regular basis
-using strategies when applying the decision-making process regarding healthy habits
-paying attention what you put into your body
-avoiding harmful substances such as tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs

Three parts of mental/emotional health:
-your feelings about yourself
-how well you meet the demands of daily life
-your ability to process information

 People who are mentally and emotionally healthy:
-enjoy challenges that help them grow
-accept responsibility for their actions
-have a sense of control over their lives
-can express their emotions in appropriate ways
-usually can deal with life’s stresses and frustrations
-have a positive outlook
-make thoughtful and responsible decisions

Mental/emotional health includes spiritual health, a deep-seated sense of meaning and
purpose in life.

Social Health: (getting along with others)
-important to our overall health & wellness as having a fit body & mind.




Three aspects of social health:
-the way you get along with others
-your ability to make and keep friends and to work and play in cooperative ways.
-seeking and lending support when necessary

Four important influences on your health?
-heredity
-environment
-culture
-lifestyle factors
Heredity- refers to all the traits that were biologically passed on to you from your
parents.
Physical traits:
-eye color
-hair color
-height

Three ways in which heredity influences your general level of health:
-specific genes may put you at risk for certain illnesses
-other genes may strengthen your resistance to disease
-ethnic and cultural diversity both enrich and challenge healthy living

Social network:
-family
-friends
-teachers
-members of the community

Spiritual health involves having a feeling of purpose & sense of values
-Being spiritually healthy does not necessarily mean you belong to a religious group

Keeping a Balance:
-when health triangle is balanced, you have a high degree of wellness

The Health Continuum
-your health and wellness are always changing

What are some events or actions that could positively or negatively change a
person’s health?
-illness & injury have negative effects on total health
-physical activity & healthful foods have positive effects on total health




Health Continuum Scale

Premature loss of health & improved health&            high level of
Death    wellness improved    wellness                    health
             health

½ of all American adults live with a chronic disease, an ongoing condition or illness such
as heart disease, obesity, & cancer.

The leading risk factors for many chronic diseases are:
-smoking
-lack of exercise
-poor nutrition
-being overweight
-lack of health screenings

What Influences Your Health
-heredity
-environment-physical and social
-attitude
-behavior
-media
-technology

Physical environment includes the safety of your neighborhood, air pollution, and
environmental smoke.

Environment is the sum of your surroundings, including your family, your
neighborhood, your school, your job, and your life experiences.

Physical Environment:
-neighborhood & school safety
-air and water quality
-availability of parks, recreational facilities & libraries
-access to medical care

Social Environment
-people around you
-family
-friends
-peers

Culture refers to the collective beliefs, customs, and behaviors of a group.



Four parts of cultural environment:
-attitude
-behavior
-media
-technology

Attitude – the way you view situations, can have a big effect on your health.
-greatly affects the choices you make
-people who tend to see a positive in a situation are more likely to have better health then
those who only see negative
-in order to practice good health, you must see some benefit to you

How behavior affects your health:
-affects not only your physical health but also your mental/emotional and social health
-learning how to resolve conflicts peacefully can have a positive influence on your
relationships with others.

Factor- an element that contributes to a particular result.
Media & Technology
-media varies methods for communicating information

Technology:
-radio
-television
-internet
-newspapers
-magazines

Positive and negative effects of technology on health:
-not all health messages and sources are reliable.
-technology has replaced many of the physical activities that were a part of daily life
-people drive or ride instead of walking

Understanding your influences:
-you can take control of your health by understanding the factors that influence it.

Chapter 1- Lesson 3

Health Risks & Your Behavior

Risk behaviors are actions that can potentially threaten your health or the health of
others.



Two steps you can in becoming responsible for your health:
-understand the role of individual responsibility regarding personal risk behaviors
-learning how to make responsible decisions

Recognizing Risk Behaviors:
-Centers for Disease Control & Prevention have identified 6 risk behaviors that account
for most of the deaths & disabilities among young people under the age of 24.
  +tobacco use
  +unhealthy dietary behaviors
  +inadequate physical activities
  +alcohol & other drug use
  +sexual behaviors that may cause HIV infection
  +behaviors that contribute to unintentional injuries & violence

Risks & Consequences
-cumulative risks- are related risks that increase

Risks can accumulate overtime:
-1 cigarette will not cause death, but repeated over years can cause death.
-1 high fat meal or getting sunburn will not be harmful, repeated can lead to negative
consequences

Cumulative risks may result from combinations of risk factors, for example, driving
faster than the posted speed limit is a risk factor that can have deadly results. Another is
not wearing a safety belt when you drive or ride in a car. Driving in bad weather is a third
risk factor. The combination of these three factors greatly magnifies the potential for
harm.

Abstinence- is avoiding harmful behaviors, including the use of tobacco, alcohol, and
other drugs and sexual activity before marriage.

Abstinence from high-risk behaviors is one of the most important health decisions you
can make:
-Abstinence from sexual activity protects teens against many negative consequences
  +will not be faced with the difficult decisions associated with unplanned pregnancy
  +don’t have to worry about sexually transmitted diseases
  +will not have to take on the many responsibilities of caring for a child
  +free of the emotional problems
  +making a choice that is always legal

Serious consequences of using tobacco, alcohol, or other drugs
-the physical and psychological effects are well documented; these substances can cause
addiction and can seriously harm the body.



-social health- often isolates a person from family and friends
-legal consequences-illegal for anyone under 21 to purchase, possess, or consume
alcohol
  +people under the age of 18 cannot purchase tobacco
  +the purchase and use of other drugs are illegal for all people, no matter what their age

Discussion:
Why is keeping people healthy a good investment?
-America spends $19 trillion each year on health care or $6,250 per person
What is one way that taking health class will help you make more healthful decisions?
(answers will vary)
What is one way that society would change if people took better care of their health?
(answers will vary)

Health education includes providing accurate health information & teaching health skills
to help people make healthy decisions.

Nation’s Health Goals
-Federal government has established national health goals and objectives.
-Healthy people is a nationwide health promotion & disease prevention designed to serve
as a guide for the improving the health of all people in the United States
-Plan is revised every 10 years
-Objectives for the year 2010 one of the goals is to reduce the overweight or obese in
2003-2004

Goals of Healthy People
-increase the quality & length of a healthy life for all Americans, & remove differences in
health outcomes that result from factors such as gender, race, education, disability, and
location. These differences in health outcomes among groups are called health
disparities.

Being Health Literate:
-knows how to find & use reliable health information
-Individuals ho can find and use reliable health information
-Individuals who can make sound health decisions must:
  +know where to find health information
  +decide if the information is correct
  +assess the risks & benefits of treatment
  +figure out how much medicine to take
  +understand test results

Health literacy refers to a person’s capacity to learn about & understand basic
information and services, and to use these resources to promote one’s health & wellness.

Qualities of a health- literate individual includes being:
-a critical thinker and problem solver
  +develop evaluation criteria for health information before making decisions
-a responsible, productive citizen
  +promotes the health of the community
-a self-directed learner-someone who searches for health-related decisions
-effective communicator – a person who is able to express health knowledge in a variety
of ways.

What do you think of when you hear the word surgery?

Are there potential risks for sending a patient home after surgery?

Do you think the benefits outweigh the risks?

What is telerobotics- long line of technological break through that have changed
medicine
-pacemakers
-artificial hearts
-laser surgery
-ultrasound
-MRI

								
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