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South Africa energy report by Enerdata

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HIGHLIGHTS IN SOUTH AFRICA South Africa suffers of a capacity shortage in the power sector. The recent approval by the World Bank of a $3.75bn loan to support its energy plan and an increase of power tariffs will enable Eskom to finance new power projects. Africa’s total energy production slightly fell by around 2%. Again hydrocarbons producing countries of which Algeria and Nigeria were more largely impacted. WHAT YOU WILL FIND IN THIS REPORT The South Africa energy market report is a reliable source for understanding the key issues and dynamics shaping the South African energy industry. With timely, up-to-date energy industry data and demand forecasts, this report will help you identify and exploit challenges and opportunities in the South African energy sector. The report details the sub-sectors of the energy industry (Crude Oil, refined oil products, Natural Gas, Coal, Electricity and Renewable) in South Africa. In this report you will find: -Multi-energy approach: oil, oil products, gas & LNG, power, coal, renewable -Recent energy and climate change policy development, and an assessment of its impact -Key companies operating in each sub-segment of the South African energy industry, and assessment of the competitive landscape. -Up-to-date insight on market structures, regulatory developments, and asset developments -Supply & demand overview and trends, with a detailed breakdown by energy and by sector -Historical data and trends relating to production, consumption, imports, exports and reserves for each industry sub-segment -Energy projects under development in the country -Key drivers of change and future issues for each energy type MAIN REASONS TO BUY THIS REPORT -Have a logical framework to monitor market developments and emerging trends -Assess how national regulations impact the South African energy industry -Gain a clear view of the development of renewable energies in the energy market -Obtain up-to-date, insightf

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									South Africa energy

Latest update: May 2010

Table of Contents

LIST OF GRAPHS & TABLES                                                   2

INTRODUCTION                                                              3

INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY                                            4

ENERGY COMPANIES                                                          6

ENERGY SUPPLY                                                             8

ENERGY PRICES                                                            11

CONSUMPTION                                                              13

ISSUES AND PROSPECTS                                                     19

GRAPHS & DATA TABLES                                                     22

South Africa Energy Report – Copyright© Enerdata – All rights reserved        1

List of Graphs
Graph   1: CO2-energy Emissions (MtCO2)                                   5
Graph   2: Installed Electric Capacity by Source (2009, %)                8
Graph   3: Gross Power Production by Source (TWh)                         8
Graph   4: Power Generation by Source (2009, %)                           9
Graph   5: Gasoline & Diesel Prices (US$/l)                              11
Graph   6: Electricity Prices for Industry and Households (US$/kWh)      12
Graph   7: Gas Prices for Industry (US$/kWh GCV)                         12
Graph   8: Consumption trends by Energy Source (Mtoe)                    13
Graph   9: Total Consumption Market Share by Energy (2009, %)            14
Graph   10: Final Consumption Market Share by Sector (2009, %)           14
Graph   11: Oil Products Consumption (Mt)                                15
Graph   12: Oil Consumption Breakdown by Sector (2009, %)                15
Graph   13: Electricity Consumption (TWh)                                16
Graph   14: Electricity Consumption Breakdown by Sector (2009, %)        16
Graph   15: Natural Gas Consumption (Gm3)                                17
Graph   16: Gas Consumption Breakdown by Sector (2009, %)                17
Graph   17: Coal Consumption (Mt)                                        18
Graph   18: Coal Consumption Breakdown by Sector (2009, %)               18

List of Tables

Table 1: Economic indicators
           Population, GDP growth
           Imports & exports
           Inflation rate, exchange rate
           Energy security indicators
           Energy efficiency indicators
           CO2 emissions

Table 2: Supply indicators
           Oil & Gas proven reserves
           Electric & refining capacity detailed by source
           Production by energy source
           Power production by technology (5 technologies)
           External trade by energy source

Table 3: Demand indicators
          Consumption / inhabitant
          Consumption trends
          Total consumption by energy source
          Final consumption by energy source and by sector
          Electricity consumption by sector

Table 4: Energy Balance
           Total energy balance
           Detailed energy balance by energy source

South Africa Energy Report – Copyright© Enerdata – All rights reserved        2

Table 1 : Economic Indicators
                                                                          1990   2007        2008        2009
Population                                                 Millions      35.2    47.9       48.7         49.3
GDP growth rate                                            %/year        -0.32    5.1         3.1        -2.2
GDP/capita                                                  US $         3182    5772       5475        5714
Inflation Rate                                             %/year        14.3     6.1         9.8         7.2
Exchange rate                                                lc/$         2.6    7.05       8.26         8.20
                                                                                    Sources : World Bank , IMF

ENERGY SECURITY                                                           1990   2007        2008        2009
Energy independence rate                                      %           100     100        100          100
Share of oil imported(+) exported(-)                          %           100      94         94           87

ENERGY EFFICIENCY                                                         1990   2007        2008        2009
Total consumption/GDP *                                    koe/$05       0.34    0.31       0.30         0.31
Total consumption/GDP *                                   2005=100        104    95.5       94.9         96.4
Transport and distribution rate of losses                     %           7.5    10.5         9.7        11.6
Efficiency of thermal power plants                            %          37.7    38.0       35.4  
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