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United States energy report

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HIGHLIGHTS IN THE UNITED STATES The total energy consumption has decreased in 2009, and the USA has been overcome by China as the largest energy consumer. CO2 emissions have also decreased. The development of non-conventional gas resources is going fast and has dramatically reduced the need for LNG imports. As a result of the financial and economic crisis North America’s consumptions fell by 4, 5%. Compared to the European Union the US primary production reduced to a lesser extend (0, 5%). Its trade deficit was reduced by 12%, respectively due to substantial cuts in energy imports. WHAT YOU WILL FIND IN THIS REPORT The United States energy market report is a reliable source for understanding the key issues and dynamics shaping the American energy industry. With timely, up-to-date energy industry data and demand forecasts, this report will help you identify and exploit challenges and opportunities in the American energy sector. The report details the sub-sectors of the energy industry (Crude Oil, refined oil products, Natural Gas, Coal, Electricity and Renewable) in the United States. In this report you will find: -Multi-energy approach: oil, oil products, gas & LNG, power, coal, renewable -Recent energy and climate change policy development, and an assessment of its impact -Key companies active in the American energy industry, along the value chain of each sub-segment -Up-to-date insight on market structures, regulatory developments, and asset developments -Supply & demand overview and trends, with a detailed breakdown by energy and by sector -Historical data and trends relating to production, consumption, imports, exports and reserves for each industry sub-segment -Projects under development in the country, including power plants, refineries, LNG terminals, gas pipelines -Analysis of the likely evolution of the market and key industry drivers MAIN REASONS TO BUY THIS REPORT -Obtain up-to-date, insightful and standardised informat

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									United States energy
report

Latest update: October 2010




Table of Contents

LIST OF GRAPHS & TABLES                                                    2

GENERAL OVERVIEW                                                           3

INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY                                             4

ENERGY COMPANIES                                                           8

ENERGY SUPPLY                                                             10

ENERGY PRICES                                                             14

ENERGY CONSUMPTION                                                        16

ISSUES AND PROSPECTS                                                      22

DATA TABLES                                                               27




United States Energy Report – Copyright© Enerdata – All rights reserved        1
www.enerdata.net
LIST OF GRAPHS & TABLES

List of Graphs

Graph 1: CO2-energy Emissions (MtCO2)                                     7
Graph 2: Installed Electric Capacity by Source (2009, %)                  10
Graph 3: Gross Power Production by Source (TWh)                           11
Graph 4: Power Generation by Technology (2009, %)                         11
Graph 5: Gasoline and Diesel Prices (US$/l)                               14
Graph 6: Electricity Prices for Industry and Households (USc/kWh)         14
Graph 7: Gas Prices for Industry and Households (USc/kWh GCV)             15
Graph 8: Consumption Trends by energy sources (Mtoe)                      16
Graph 9: Total Consumption Market Share by energy (2009, %)               16
Graph 10: Final Consumption Market Share by Sector (2009, %)              17
Graph 11: Oil Products Consumption (Mt)                                   18
Graph 12: Oil Consumption Breakdown by Sector (2009, %)                   18
Graph 13: Electricity Consumption (TWh)                                   19
Graph 14: Electricity Consumption Breakdown by Sector (2009, %)           19
Graph 15: Natural Gas Consumption (bcm)                                   20
Graph 16: Gas Consumption Breakdown by Sector (2009, %)                   20
Graph 17: Coal Consumption (Mt)                                           21
Graph 18: Coal Consumption Breakdown by Sector (2009, %)                  21


List of Tables


Table 1: Economic indicators
          Population, GNP growth
          Imports & exports
          Inflation rate, exchange rate
          Energy security indicators
          Energy efficiency indicators
          CO2 emissions

Table 2: Supply indicators
          Oil & Gas proven reserves
          Electric & refining capacity detailed by source
          Production by energy source
          Power production by technology (5 technologies)
          External trade by energy source

Table 3: Demand indicators
         Consumption / inhabitant
         Consumption trends
         Total consumption by energy source
         Final consumption by energy source and by sector
         Electricity consumption by sector

Table 4: Energy Balance
          Total energy balance
          Detailed energy balance by energy source




United States Energy Report – Copyright© Enerdata – All rights reserved    2
www.enerdata.net
GENERAL OVERVIEW




Table 1 : Economic Indicators
                                                                            1990     2007        2008         2009
Population                                               Millions           253     305.2      308.0         310.9
GDP growth rate                                           %/year             1.9      2.0        1.1          -2.4
GDP/capita                                                US $            22741    45052      46116         45533
Inflation Rate                                            %/year             5.4      2.9        3.8          -0.3
Exchange rate                                              lc/$              1.0     1.00       1.00          1.00
                                                                                        Sources : World Bank , IMF


ENERGY SECURITY                                                             1990     2007        2008         2009
Energy independence rate                                    %                86       71          75           78
Share of oil imported(+) exported(-)                        %                46       67          65           61

ENERGY EFFICIENCY                                                           1990     2007        2008         2009
Total consumption/GDP *                                  koe/$05          0.240    0.180       0.174        0.169
Total consumption/GDP *                                 2005=100            128     96.0        92.8         90.4
Transport and distribution rate of losses                   %              12.0       7.1         6.6          6.7
Efficiency of thermal power plants                          %              35.8     37.6        38.7         39.0

CO2 EMISSIONS                                                               1990     2007        2008         2009
CO2 emissions/GDP *                                       kg/$05          0.603    0.442       0.427        0.409
CO2 emissions/capita                                    tCO2/cap.          19.0     18
								
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