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Senegal energy report

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HIGHLIGHTS IN SENEGAL The Senegalese Government plans to raise the generating capacity to 1000 MW, through different projects (a 250 MW coal power plant under construction, project of a 125 MW wind farm in Taiba Ndiaye and 270 MW hydro capacities planned on the River Senegal). Africa’s total energy production slightly fell by around 2%. Again hydrocarbons producing countries of which Algeria and Nigeria were more largely impacted. Furthermore the net exporting region Africa experienced a cut of 6% in its trade surplus. WHAT YOU WILL FIND IN THIS REPORT The Senegal energy market report is a reliable source for understanding the key issues and dynamics shaping the Senegalese energy industry. With timely, up-to-date energy industry data and demand forecasts, this report will help you identify and exploit challenges and opportunities in the Senegalese energy sector. The report details the sub-sectors of the energy industry (Crude Oil, refined oil products, Natural Gas, Coal, Electricity and Renewable) in Senegal. In this report you will find: -Overview of energy industry sub-segments: oil, gas, coal, power, renewable -Evolution of the regulatory environment and institutions as regards energy and climate change policies -Key companies active in the Senegalese energy industry, along the value chain of each sub-segment -Up-to-date insight on market structures, regulatory developments, and asset developments -Supply & demand overview and trends, with a detailed breakdown by energy and by sector -Historical data and trends relating to production, consumption, imports, exports and reserves for each industry sub-segment -Energy projects under development in the country -Key drivers of change and future issues for each energy type MAIN REASONS TO BUY THIS REPORT -Identify growth segments and opportunities in the industry -Work with data-driven market research -Obtain up-to-date, insightful and standardised information by country -Assess ho

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									Senegal energy report
Latest update: July 2010

Table of Contents

LIST OF GRAPHS & TABLES                                             2

INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY                                      3

ENERGY COMPANIES                                                    4

ENERGY SUPPLY                                                       5

ENERGY PRICES                                                       6

ENERGY CONSUMPTION                                                  6

ISSUES AND PROSPECTS                                                7

GRAPHS & DATA TABLES                                                8

Senegal Energy Report – Copyright© Enerdata – All rights reserved       1

List of Graphs

Graph   1:   Installed Electric Capacity by Source (2008, %)
Graph   2:   Power Generation by Source (2008, %)
Graph   3:   Consumption trends by Energy Source (Mtoe)
Graph   4:   Total Consumption Market Share by Energy (2008, %)
Graph   5:   Final Consumption Market Share by Sector (2008, %)
Graph   6:   Primary Consumption since 1970

List of Tables

Table 1: Economic indicators
Population, GDP growth
             Imports & exports
             Inflation rate, exchange rate

Table 2: Supply indicators
              Oil & Gas proven reserves
              Electric & refining capacity detailed by source
              Production by energy source
              Power production by source
              External trade by energy

Table 3: Demand indicators
             Consumption / inhabitant
             Consumption trends
             Total consumption by energy
             Final consumption by energy and by sector
             Electricity consumption by sector
             Energy security indicators
             Energy efficiency indicators
             CO2 emissions

Table 4: Energy Balance
             Total energy balance
             Detailed energy balance by energy

Senegal Energy Report – Copyright© Enerdata – All rights reserved   2
INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY                                             and     finance        rural   electrification.       ASER‟s
                                                                    programme         is    based      on     the    setting     in
POLICY                                                              concession of the national territory to private
                                                                    operators who will ensure the electrification
The    Ministry       of    Energy          prepares      and       of those territories and the operation of the
implements the country‟s energy policy and                          facilities.
supervises the public energy companies.
                                                                    A vast rural electrification programme was
The production and marketing of wood are                            launched in May 2003 with the objective of
the   responsibility       of   the     Department         of       increasing rural electrification to 60% by
Environment and Nature Conservation. The                            2020.
Ministry of Economy and Finances plays an
important       part       in     the       financing      of       The      River           Senegal              Development

investments and the amendments of the                               Organisation (OMVS) is responsible for the

pricing system.                                                     development of hydroelectric capacities. It
                                                                    brings together four bordering countries:

Until 1998, the energy sector was controlled                        Mali, Mauritania, Guinea and Senegal. The

by a single organisation, the National Energy                       Gambia River is being developed by another

Commission (CNE). Since the liberalisation of                       multinational organisation, OMVG.

the sector, it has been controlled by two
organisations operating under the supervision                       In 1998 the National Assembly adopted two

of the     Ministry of Energy: the                National          laws on the electricity sector: the law on the

Committee        of     Hydrocarbons            and       the       opening up of the capital of Senelec to

Electricity Sector Regulatory Commission.                           private investors (January 1998) and the
                                                                    framework      law       on     the     electricity     sector

The priorities of the energy policy are set out                     (March 1998, amended in 2002).

in the Energy Redeployment of Senegal plan
(LPDSE) 2008, which succeeds the RENES                              According      to        the     law      regarding         the

1981 plan. They regard the development of                           privatisation of Senelec, the State will hold

national       energy      sources         (biofuels      and       no more than 41% of the company‟s shares,

renewable         energies            in       particular),         the employees 10%, and at least 33.3% of

diversification and security of energy supply,                      the remaining 49% will be sold to a private

the    rehabilitation       and    modernisation           of       operator.      Senelec‟s           privatisation           was

energy      infrastructures           the     access       of       launched again in 2008; there have already

households to modern energies, in particular                        been two attempts (in 1999 and 2001), but

in rural areas, the improvement of energy                           both failed.

efficiency, the increase of electrification rate,
the restructuring of the electricity sector (in                     In keeping with the framework law on the

particular the privatisation of Senelec) and                        electricity sector, the production, distribution,

finally the sustainable exploitation of forestry                    and sale of electricity are to be opened up to

resources.                                                          competition       gradually.           According      to    the
                                                                    amendments, Senelec is now entitled to

Electricity                                                         continue to invest in production, although in

The CRSE is in charge of regulating the                             competition with independent operators (the

production,      transport      and        distribution    of       initial law forecasted that all new power

electricity.                                                        plants    would         be     built     by     independent
                                                                    producers, thus preventing                    Senelec      from
                                                                    increasing its production capacity). Senelec
The    Rural      Electrification            Agency        of
Senegal (ASER) was created to promote

Senegal Energy Report – Copyright© Enerdata – All rights reserved                                                                3
currently has the monopoly on distribution                          transport and distribution activities by the
through its existing distribution networks.                         end of 2010. Indeed, two attempts have
                                                                    been made to privatise the company, but
Oil                                                                 both failed. Initially, in April 1999, the State
In 1998 a law for the liberalisation of imports                     sold 34% of the company‟s capital to a
and the refining of oil products was passed.                        consortium made up of Hydro-Quebec and
                                                                    Elyo.     However,    in     September       2000   the
The      National       Hydrocarbon            Committee            Government requested the cancellation of the
(CNH) sets the oil prices and manages the                           contract because of continuous power cuts. It
demand           for   exploration       and    production          then launched a call for tenders for the sale
licences. It is likely to be replaced by a                          of 51% of the capital in 2001, which failed.
regulatory         agency     from       the   downstream           The Vivendi-Environment group, which won
hydrocarbons sector (Aurah).                                        the call for tenders, did not have enough
                                                                    funds to finance the capital cost. AES, which
Efficiency                                                          classified second, refused to increase its
Rapid     deforestation            has   led   Senegal         to   offer.
implement a policy aimed at reducing the
consumption of wood and charcoal. To that                           Several other operators are active in the
end, several measures have been taken:                              sector:
incentives for
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