Paraguay energy report by Enerdata

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HIGHLIGHTS IN PARAGUAY After years of negotiations, Paraguay and Brazil have come to a new agreement concerning the sale of Paraguay’s excess power from the Itaipu dam to Brazil, with terms that are more beneficial to Paraguay. A partnership with Paraguay is envisioned to study gas pipeline projects from Bolivia. Latin America’s total energy production slightly fell by around 2%. Again hydrocarbons producing countries of which Venezuela and Mexico were more largely impacted. Furthermore the net exporting region Latin America experienced a cut of -4% in its trade surplus. WHAT YOU WILL FIND IN THIS REPORT The Paraguay energy market report is a reliable source for understanding the key issues and dynamics shaping the Paraguayan energy industry. With timely, up-to-date energy industry data and demand forecasts, this report will help you identify and exploit challenges and opportunities in the Paraguayan energy sector. The report details the sub-sectors of the energy industry (Crude Oil, refined oil products, Natural Gas, Coal, Electricity and Renewable) in Paraguay. In this report you will find: -Multi-energy approach: oil, oil products, gas & LNG, power, coal, renewable -Recent energy and climate change policy development, and an assessment of its impact -Key companies operating in each sub-segment of the Paraguayan energy industry, and assessment of the competitive landscape. -Up-to-date insight on market structures, regulatory developments, and asset developments -Market dynamics and trends, detailed by energy and by sector -Analysis supported by a large number of time series on production, consumption, imports, exports and reserves for each industry sub-segment -Projects under development in the country, including power plants, refineries, LNG terminals, gas pipelines -Analysis of the likely evolution of the market and key industry drivers MAIN REASONS TO BUY THIS REPORT -Obtain up-to-date, insightful and standardised information b

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									Paraguay energy
report


Latest update: April 2010




Table of Contents

LIST OF GRAPHS & TABLES                                              2

INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY                                       3

ENERGY COMPANIES                                                     3

ENERGY SUPPLY                                                        3

ENERGY PRICES                                                        4

ENERGY CONSUMPTION                                                   4

ISSUES AND PROSPECTS                                                 5

GRAPHS & DATA TABLES                                                 7




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LIST OF GRAPHS & TABLES

List of Graphs

Graph   1:   Installed Electric Capacity by Source (2008, %)
Graph   2:   Power Generation by Source (2008, %)
Graph   3:   Consumption trends by Energy Source (Mtoe)
Graph   4:   Total Consumption Market Share by Energy (2008, %)
Graph   5:   Final Consumption Market Share by Sector (2008, %)
Graph   6:   Primary Consumption since 1970



List of Tables

Table 1: Economic indicators
              Population, GDP growth
              Imports & exports
              Inflation rate, exchange rate


Table 2: Supply indicators
               Oil & Gas proven reserves
               Electric & refining capacity detailed by source
               Production by energy source
               Power production by source
               External trade by energy


Table 3: Demand indicators
              Consumption / inhabitant
              Consumption trends
              Total consumption by energy
              Final consumption by energy and by sector
              Electricity consumption by sector
              Energy security indicators
              Energy efficiency indicators
              CO2 emissions


Table 4: Energy Balance
              Total energy balance
              Detailed energy balance by energy




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INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY                                          ENERGY COMPANIES
POLICY
                                                                 Electricity
                                                                 The production, transport and distribution of
The energy sector is under the supervision of
                                                                 electricity   are    the   responsibility   of   an
the     Ministry      of     Public     Works       and
                                                                 autonomous            public      entity,        the
Communication           (MOPC),           and      more
                                                                 Administración Nacional De Electricidad
particularly the Secretariat of Mines and
                                                                 (ANDE).
Energy.

                                                                 Entidad Binacional Itaipú is the mixed
Since the fall of the dictatorship in 1989, the
                                                                 Brazilian/Paraguayan company that manages
political   liberalisation      process     has    been
                                                                 the hydroelectric plant of Itaipu.
accompanied        by      an    economic         reform
programme. The regulations regarding the
                                                                 Entidad Binacional Yacyretá (EBY) is the
opening up of the market have been modified
                                                                 mixed Argentinean/Paraguayan company that
to attract investors. They include the total
                                                                 manages the hydroelectric plant of Yacyreta.
opening of the country to foreign investors,
the free flow of capital and privatisations.
                                                                 Since the end of ANDE’s monopoly in 1995,
Through that policy the Government hopes to
                                                                 certain private electricity projects have been
stimulate oil exploration.
                                                                 implemented, but the majority continue to be
                                                                 local and are not interconnected.
Paraguay is part of the Common Market
comprising Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and
                                                                 Oil
Uruguay (MERCOSUR). Many interconnection
                                                                 Certain foreign companies, including Shell,
projects have been put in place between the
                                                                 Texaco, Maxus Energy and Philips Petroleum,
Member States as part of a comprehensive
                                                                 are involved in oil exploration in Paraguay. At
energy sector integration programme.
                                                                 the end of 2004, the Government granted 12
                                                                 exploration/production concessions to foreign
Electricity
                                                                 companies.
An amendment of the institutional framework
of the electricity sector should bring flow of
                                                                 The    national      oil   company,    Petroleos
capital and foreign firms into the country.
                                                                 Paraguayos          (Petropar),    operates      the
Likewise, it should lead to the weakening of
                                                                 country’s only refinery.
monopolies and, in particular, of ANDE, which
since 1995 has been the national electricity
utility. That objective would be achieved by
imposing      baseline     costs      for   electricity,         ENERGY SUPPLY
appointing a regulatory authority for the
electricity sector and creating funds for rural                  Resources
electrification projects.                                        Although poorly endowed with hydrocarbon
                                                                 resources, Paraguay is a country with a large
Oil                                                              hydroelectric         potential     (economically
In spite of pressure from the IMF, the oil                       exploitable resources estimated at 68 TWh)
sector has not been liberalised and Petropar                     that is already well developed both on a
has a monopoly on oil.                                           national level and in collaboration with the
                                                                 other countries of the MERCOSUR.




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Electricity
                                                                 ENERGY PRICES
The electricity produced is mainly of hydraulic
origin (99.9%) and the country has an
                                                                 Electricity
installed capacity of 8.1 GW for a production
                                                                 Electricity tariffs are not subject to tax. Since
of 56 TWh (2008).
                                                                 1995 (end of the monopoly) electricity prices
                                                                 have been based on fixed costs. They are
The large hydroelectric complex of Itaipu on
                                                                 US$7.2 cents/kWh for the residential sector
the river Parana, operated jointly by Brazil
                                                                 and US$4.8 cents/kWh for industry (2008).

								
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