VIEWS: 109 PAGES: 10 CATEGORY: Energy POSTED ON: 10/20/2010
HIGHLIGHTS IN PARAGUAY After years of negotiations, Paraguay and Brazil have come to a new agreement concerning the sale of Paraguay’s excess power from the Itaipu dam to Brazil, with terms that are more beneficial to Paraguay. A partnership with Paraguay is envisioned to study gas pipeline projects from Bolivia. Latin America’s total energy production slightly fell by around 2%. Again hydrocarbons producing countries of which Venezuela and Mexico were more largely impacted. Furthermore the net exporting region Latin America experienced a cut of -4% in its trade surplus. WHAT YOU WILL FIND IN THIS REPORT The Paraguay energy market report is a reliable source for understanding the key issues and dynamics shaping the Paraguayan energy industry. With timely, up-to-date energy industry data and demand forecasts, this report will help you identify and exploit challenges and opportunities in the Paraguayan energy sector. The report details the sub-sectors of the energy industry (Crude Oil, refined oil products, Natural Gas, Coal, Electricity and Renewable) in Paraguay. In this report you will find: -Multi-energy approach: oil, oil products, gas & LNG, power, coal, renewable -Recent energy and climate change policy development, and an assessment of its impact -Key companies operating in each sub-segment of the Paraguayan energy industry, and assessment of the competitive landscape. -Up-to-date insight on market structures, regulatory developments, and asset developments -Market dynamics and trends, detailed by energy and by sector -Analysis supported by a large number of time series on production, consumption, imports, exports and reserves for each industry sub-segment -Projects under development in the country, including power plants, refineries, LNG terminals, gas pipelines -Analysis of the likely evolution of the market and key industry drivers MAIN REASONS TO BUY THIS REPORT -Obtain up-to-date, insightful and standardised information b
Paraguay energy report Latest update: April 2010 Table of Contents LIST OF GRAPHS & TABLES 2 INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY 3 ENERGY COMPANIES 3 ENERGY SUPPLY 3 ENERGY PRICES 4 ENERGY CONSUMPTION 4 ISSUES AND PROSPECTS 5 GRAPHS & DATA TABLES 7 Paraguay Energy Report – Copyright© Enerdata – All rights reserved 1 www.enerdata.net LIST OF GRAPHS & TABLES List of Graphs Graph 1: Installed Electric Capacity by Source (2008, %) Graph 2: Power Generation by Source (2008, %) Graph 3: Consumption trends by Energy Source (Mtoe) Graph 4: Total Consumption Market Share by Energy (2008, %) Graph 5: Final Consumption Market Share by Sector (2008, %) Graph 6: Primary Consumption since 1970 List of Tables Table 1: Economic indicators Population, GDP growth Imports & exports Inflation rate, exchange rate Table 2: Supply indicators Oil & Gas proven reserves Electric & refining capacity detailed by source Production by energy source Power production by source External trade by energy Table 3: Demand indicators Consumption / inhabitant Consumption trends Total consumption by energy Final consumption by energy and by sector Electricity consumption by sector Energy security indicators Energy efficiency indicators CO2 emissions Table 4: Energy Balance Total energy balance Detailed energy balance by energy Paraguay Energy Report – Copyright© Enerdata – All rights reserved 2 www.enerdata.net INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY ENERGY COMPANIES POLICY Electricity The production, transport and distribution of The energy sector is under the supervision of electricity are the responsibility of an the Ministry of Public Works and autonomous public entity, the Communication (MOPC), and more Administración Nacional De Electricidad particularly the Secretariat of Mines and (ANDE). Energy. Entidad Binacional Itaipú is the mixed Since the fall of the dictatorship in 1989, the Brazilian/Paraguayan company that manages political liberalisation process has been the hydroelectric plant of Itaipu. accompanied by an economic reform programme. The regulations regarding the Entidad Binacional Yacyretá (EBY) is the opening up of the market have been modified mixed Argentinean/Paraguayan company that to attract investors. They include the total manages the hydroelectric plant of Yacyreta. opening of the country to foreign investors, the free flow of capital and privatisations. Since the end of ANDE’s monopoly in 1995, Through that policy the Government hopes to certain private electricity projects have been stimulate oil exploration. implemented, but the majority continue to be local and are not interconnected. Paraguay is part of the Common Market comprising Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Oil Uruguay (MERCOSUR). Many interconnection Certain foreign companies, including Shell, projects have been put in place between the Texaco, Maxus Energy and Philips Petroleum, Member States as part of a comprehensive are involved in oil exploration in Paraguay. At energy sector integration programme. the end of 2004, the Government granted 12 exploration/production concessions to foreign Electricity companies. An amendment of the institutional framework of the electricity sector should bring flow of The national oil company, Petroleos capital and foreign firms into the country. Paraguayos (Petropar), operates the Likewise, it should lead to the weakening of country’s only refinery. monopolies and, in particular, of ANDE, which since 1995 has been the national electricity utility. That objective would be achieved by imposing baseline costs for electricity, ENERGY SUPPLY appointing a regulatory authority for the electricity sector and creating funds for rural Resources electrification projects. Although poorly endowed with hydrocarbon resources, Paraguay is a country with a large Oil hydroelectric potential (economically In spite of pressure from the IMF, the oil exploitable resources estimated at 68 TWh) sector has not been liberalised and Petropar that is already well developed both on a has a monopoly on oil. national level and in collaboration with the other countries of the MERCOSUR. Paraguay Energy Report – Copyright© Enerdata – All rights reserved 3 www.enerdata.net Electricity ENERGY PRICES The electricity produced is mainly of hydraulic origin (99.9%) and the country has an Electricity installed capacity of 8.1 GW for a production Electricity tariffs are not subject to tax. Since of 56 TWh (2008). 1995 (end of the monopoly) electricity prices have been based on fixed costs. They are The large hydroelectric complex of Itaipu on US$7.2 cents/kWh for the residential sector the river Parana, operated jointly by Brazil and US$4.8 cents/kWh for industry (2008).
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