Libya energy report by Enerdata


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									Libya energy report
Latest update: February 2010

Table of Contents

LIST OF GRAPHS & TABLES                                           2

INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY                                    3

ENERGY COMPANIES                                                  3

ENERGY SUPPLY                                                     3

ENERGY CONSUMPTION                                                4

ISSUES AND PROSPECTS                                              4

GRAPHS & DATA TABLES                                              6

Libya Energy Report – Copyright© Enerdata – All rights reserved       1

List of Graphs

Graph   1:   Installed Electric Capacity by Source (2008, %)
Graph   2:   Power Generation by Source (2008, %)
Graph   3:   Consumption trends by Energy Source (Mtoe)
Graph   4:   Total Consumption Market Share by Energy (2008, %)
Graph   5:   Final Consumption Market Share by Sector (2008, %)
Graph   6:   Primary Consumption since 1970

List of Tables

Table 1: Economic indicators
             Population, GDP growth
             Imports & exports
             Inflation rate, exchange rate

Table 2: Supply indicators
              Oil & Gas proven reserves
              Electric & refining capacity detailed by source
              Production by energy source
              Power production by source
              External trade by energy

Table 3: Demand indicators
             Consumption / inhabitant
             Consumption trends
             Total consumption by energy
             Final consumption by energy and by sector
             Electricity consumption by sector
             Energy security indicators
             Energy efficiency indicators
             CO2 emissions

Table 4: Energy Balance
             Total energy balance
             Detailed energy balance by energy

Libya Energy Report – Copyright© Enerdata – All rights reserved   2
INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY                                           by    geopolitical      opposition        to        foreign
                                                                  investments. The largest of those companies
POLICY                                                            are Repsol YPF, ENI, OMV and Total.

Libya is a member of OPEC, the Organisation                       Gas
of Petroleum Exporting Countries, and is the                      Gas production is dominated by NOC. The
African country with the largest proven oil                       exports are mainly carried out through joint
reserves.                                                         ventures.

The    energy      sector     is    managed     by     two        Western Libyan Gas Project is a joint
different   entities. The          General People’s               venture (50% NOC and 50% ENI) that
Committee for Electricity, Water and Gas                          exports     natural    gas     to   Italy      via     the
is in charge of the electricity sector, and the                   Greenstream gas pipe.
Ministry of Energy is responsible for the oil
and gas sectors.                                                  Another joint venture, the Arab Company
                                                                  for Oil and Gas Pipelines (ACOG), was
The Ministry of Energy was dissolved between                      created by NOC and ENI with the objective of
2000 and 2004, and during that period the                         connecting the reserves of Egypt and Libya to
sector was controlled by the National Oil                         Italy. The aim is to transport Egyptian natural
Company.         Since      its    rehabilitation,     the        gas   to    Libya    (for   electricity   generation,
Ministry has managed the production and                           desalinisation or exports), and Libyan oil to
exploration rights through Exploration and                        Egypt (for refining and consumption).
Production Sharing Agreements (EPSAs). The
downstream investments are subject to the                         Shell currently controls the Marsa El-Brega
1997 law on foreign investments.                                  LNG plant.

ENERGY COMPANIES                                                  ENERGY SUPPLY

Electricity                                                       Resources
General Electricity Company of Libya is                           The proven crude oil reserves are estimated
the public national electricity company. It                       at 6 Gt. The gas reserves are estimated at
ensures the generation, transmission and                          1500 Gm3.
distribution of electricity.
Oil                                                               The total installed capacity is 6.6 GW (end of
The oil sector is dominated by the public                         2008). GECOL has 30 power plants, most of
company       National        Oil    Company.          This       which run on stream units or gas turbines.
company has many entities which represent
more      than     half     of     the     country’s    oil       The rural regions are covered by diesel
production. The largest of those entities are                     generators.
Waha Oil Company (WOC), which is the
country’s largest producer, Arabian Gulf Oil                      The   Libyan    electricity     network        is    inter-
Company (Agoco), Zueitina Oil                  Company            connected with the Egyptian and Tunisian
(ZOC), Sirte Oil Company (SOC) and Tamoil.                        networks.

Foreign     companies        are    also    involved     in       Oil
exploration and production, but are affected                      Oil production has strongly increased since
                                                                  2000 (+30%). The large majority of the

Libya Energy Report – Copyright© Enerdata – All rights reserved                                                            3
crude oil is exported (approximately 80%),                        20%, gas with 19% and, finally, biomass with
mainly to Europe (38% Italy, 19% Germany,                         1%.
8% Spain, etc.). The production exceeds the                       Transport represents the largest share of
OPEC quota (88 Mt in 2008 instead of 76 Mt).                      final consumption (35%), followed by the
                                                                  residential-tertiary sector (26%), non-energy
The refining capacity amounts to about 378                        uses (23%) and industry (16%).
000 bl/day and is mainly located in two large
refineries: Ras Lanuf (220 000 bl/day) and
Zawiya (120 000 bl/day).
                                                                  ISSUES AND PROSPECTS
Gas production has strongly progressed since
                                                                  The demand is increasing thanks to the
2000, from 6 Gm3 to 17 Gm3, following the
                                                                  electricity subsidy policy (approximately one-
commissioning of the Greenstream gas pipe,
                                                                  third of the market price). The Government
which connects Libya (Mellitah) to Italy (Gela
                                                                  also anticipates a rise in the demand linked
in Sicily). This 520 km-long gas pipe has a
                                                                  to a future increase of the oil production
capacity of 8 Gm3/year.
                                                                  capacity. It aims to invest $11bn to raise its
                                                                  installed elect
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