Lebanon energy report

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					Lebanon energy report

Latest update: October 2010




Table of Contents

LIST OF GRAPHS & TABLES                                             2

INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY                                      3

ENERGY COMPANIES                                                    4

ENERGY SUPPLY                                                       4

ENERGY PRICES                                                       5

CONSUMPTION                                                         6

ISSUES AND PROSPECTS                                                6

GRAPHS & DATA TABLES                                                7




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LIST OF GRAPHS & TABLES

List of Graphs


Graph   1:   Installed Electric Capacity by Source (2008, %)
Graph   2:   Power Generation by Source (2008, %)
Graph   3:   Consumption trends by Energy Source (Mtoe)
Graph   4:   Total Consumption Market Share by Energy (2008, %)
Graph   5:   Final Consumption Market Share by Sector (2008, %)
Graph   6:   Primary Consumption since 1970



List of Tables


Table 1: Economic indicators
             Population, GDP growth
             Imports & exports
             Inflation rate, exchange rate


Table 2: Supply indicators
              Oil & Gas proven reserves
              Electric & refining capacity detailed by source
              Production by energy source
              Power production by source
              External trade by energy


Table 3: Demand indicators
             Consumption / inhabitant
             Consumption trends
             Total consumption by energy
             Final consumption by energy and by sector
             Electricity consumption by sector
             Energy security indicators
             Energy efficiency indicators
             CO2 emissions


Table 4: Energy Balance
             Total energy balance
             Detailed energy balance by energy




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INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY                                             In September 2002 the Lebanese Parliament
                                                                    adopted a law for the reorganisation and
POLICY                                                              privatisation     of     the        electricity      sector,
                                                                    involving the State’s gradual disengagement
The     Ministry          of    Water       and      Energy         from EDL. The two main activities carried out
supervises the electricity sector and, since                        by EDL (the production and distribution of
2000, also coordinates the oil sector.                              electricity)     could         be       sold        through
                                                                    international tenders; the transport network
The     Council           of     Development              and       would remain in the hands of the State.
Reconstruction (CDR) was created in 1991
to    coordinate      the      reconstruction        of   the       Efficiency, renewables
country, and in particular the international                        An     energy     efficiency         programme           was
assistance. The CDR coordinated the "Horizon                        launched in 2002 and involved the creation of
2000"      reconstruction           plan,     which       was       a body, the LCCP (Lebanese Center for
implemented in March 1993 with a budget of                          Energy     Conservation),           which   received         a
US$11.5bn over 10 years (1994-2007), and                            budget of US$4.4 million over 5 years from
which regards energy.             The projects carried              the GEF. This programme is expected to end
out in the electricity sector cost a total of                       in December 2010.
US$1.4bn and consisted of the increase in
production capacities, the extension of the                         UNDP, in cooperation with the Ministry of
transport network and the replacement of                            Energy & Water and the Lebanese Center for
outdated facilities. The CDR is now a planning                      Energy Conservation (LCEC), launched the
agency and coordinates the development of                           National    Campaign       for       Energy       Efficiency
major projects, particularly in the electricity                     Lamps in November 2008.
sector. The CDR is also involved in financing
projects. It receives funding from bilateral or                     The Lebanese Association for Energy Saving
multilateral financing institutions in the form                     & for Environment (ALMEE) is an association
of soft loans, commercial loans and grants to                       that     promotes      energy          efficiency        and
fund projects.                                                      renewable energy.


At the same time as the country was being                           The Government set up a national road map
rebuilt,   it   put       forward     a     five-year     plan      to reach 12% of renewable energy by the
concerning its public debt, plans for the                           year 2020.
introduction of new taxes to balance the
budget,      and      a    privatisation        programme           The Government’s planned budget for 2010
(telecommunications,             electricity,       transport       amounts to $9m, $7m of which will be used
and water). To date the development of the                          to promote 3 M CFL and $1m to support
privatisation programme has been limited to                         loans for solar water heaters. The country
the preparation of sectoral laws which have                         plans to speed up the development of water
been submitted to Parliament.                                       heaters. The equipment level is still low: 26
                                                                    m2/1000        inhabitants       compared           to   615
Electricity                                                         m2/1000 inhabitants for Cyprus.
There are four main objectives behind the
reorganisation of the energy sector: security                       There are no feed-in tariffs for electricity
of    supply,      the     use    and       promotion       of      production      from     renewables.           An    energy
renewables,        the         promotion       of     energy        conservation law has been drafted and is
efficiency         and          the       quality         and       pending approval by the Parliament.
competitiveness of energy services.




Lebanon Energy Report – Copyright© Enerdata – All rights reserved                                                            3
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Energy efficiency labels and Minimum Energy                            Dubai.     Since    July    1992    Total      has    fully
Performance Standards (MEPS) have been                                 controlled Total-Lebanon.
prepared and should be approved in 2010 for
3 appliances: solar water heaters, CFL and
refrigerators. Standards for air conditioning
                                                                       ENERGY SUPPLY
and electric heaters are currently at the
planning stage.
                                                                       Resources
                                                                       The country does not have fossil resources; it
                                                                       has     hydroelectric      resources   and      biomass
ENERGY COMPANIES
                                                                       resources that are still badly used. Lebanon
                                                                       has a substantial solar potential (more than 3
Electricity                                                            000 hours/year).
Electricity       of     Lebanon            (EDL)         is    the
national electricity company, which operates                           Electricity
autonomously. Because of its enormous debt                             The count
				
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Description: HIGHLIGHTS IN LEBANON Lebanon plans a production capacity of 4,000 MW of electricity by 2014 and state-owned Electricité du Liban (EdL) would be revamped. The Middle East experienced a substantial cut in its primary production. However, despite its surplus reduced by 10% the Middle East remained the world’s largest net exporter of energy. WHAT YOU WILL FIND IN THIS REPORT The Lebanon energy market report is a reliable source for understanding the key issues and dynamics shaping the Lebanese energy industry. With timely, up-to-date energy industry data and demand forecasts, this report will help you identify and exploit challenges and opportunities in the Lebanese energy sector. The report details the sub-sectors of the energy industry (Crude Oil, refined oil products, Natural Gas, Coal, Electricity and Renewable) in Lebanon. In this report you will find: -Overview of energy industry sub-segments: oil, gas, coal, power, renewable -Evolution of the regulatory environment and institutions as regards energy and climate change policies -Key companies active in the Lebanese energy industry, along the value chain of each sub-segment -Up-to-date insight on market structures, regulatory developments, and asset developments -Market dynamics and trends, detailed by energy and by sector -Analysis supported by a large number of time series on production, consumption, imports, exports and reserves for each industry sub-segment -Projects under development in the country, including power plants, refineries, LNG terminals, gas pipelines -Analysis of the likely evolution of the market and key industry drivers MAIN REASONS TO BUY THIS REPORT -Identify key companies activities and strategy in the Lebanese market -Work with data-driven market research -Follow market dynamics and future industry trends -Assess how national regulations impact the Lebanese energy industry -Gain a clear view of the development of renewable energies in the energy marke
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