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Estonia energy report

VIEWS: 75 PAGES: 25

HIGHLIGHTS IN ESTONIA The decommissioning of about 900 MW at Narva thermal power plant by 2016 makes power interconnections a priority for Estonia. The country plans to integrate the Nordic power market by 2013. Two power lines projects are ongoing: one with Finland expected by 2014 and a second with Latvia. These actions are occurring as Europe is facing the consequences of the economic and financial crisis. Europe’s consumptions shrank by 5% and primary production faced a noticeable drop as well. The trade deficit was reduced by 8%, respectively due to substantial cuts in energy imports. WHAT YOU WILL FIND IN THIS REPORT The Estonia energy market report is a reliable source for understanding the key issues and dynamics shaping the Estonian energy industry. With timely, up-to-date energy industry data and demand forecasts, this report will help you identify and exploit challenges and opportunities in the Estonian energy sector. The report details the sub-sectors of the energy industry (Crude Oil, refined oil products, Natural Gas, Coal, Electricity and Renewable) in Estonia. In this report you will find: Overview of energy industry sub-segments: oil, gas, coal, power, renewable Recent energy and climate change policy development, and an assessment of its impact Key companies active in the Estonian energy industry, along the value chain of each sub-segment Up-to-date insight on market structures, regulatory developments, and asset developments Market dynamics and trends, detailed by energy and by sector Historical data and trends relating to production, consumption, imports, exports and reserves for each industry sub-segment Projects under development in the country, including power plants, refineries, LNG terminals, gas pipelines Key drivers of change and future issues for each energy type MAIN REASONS TO BUY THIS REPORT Obtain up-to-date, insightful and standardised information by country Work with data-driven market research H

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									Estonia energy
report
Latest update: March 2010




Table of Contents


LIST OF GRAPHS & TABLES                                             2

GENERAL OVERVIEW                                                    3

INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICIES                                    4

ENERGY SUPPLY                                                       9

ENERGY PRICES                                                       13

CONSUMPTION                                                         15

ISSUES AND PROSPECTS                                                21

DATA TABLES                                                         23




Estonia Energy Report – Copyright© Enerdata – All rights reserved        1
www.enerdata.net
LIST OF GRAPHS & TABLES


List of Graphs


Graph 1: CO2-energy Emissions (MtCO2)                                6
Graph 2: Installed Electricity Capacity by Source (2008,%)           9
Graph 3: Gross Power Production by Source (TWh)                     10
Graph 4: Power Generation by Source (2008,%)                        10
Graph 5: Gasoline & Diesel Prices (€/l)                             13
Graph 6: Electricity Prices for Industry and Households (€c/kWh)    13
Graph 7: Gas Prices for Industry and Households (€/kWh GCV)         14
Graph 8: Consumption Trends by Energy Sources (Mtoe)                15
Graph 9: Total Consumption Market Share by Energy (2008,%)          15
Graph 10: Final Consumption Market Share by Sector (2008,%)         16
Graph 11: Oil Products Consumption (Mt)                             17
Graph 12: Oil Consumption Breakdown by Sector (2008, %)             17
Graph 13: Electricity Consumption (TWh)                             18
Graph 14: Electricity Consumption Breakdown by Sector (2008, %)     18
Graph 15: Natural Gas Consumption (Gm3)                             19
Graph 16: Gas Consumption Breakdown by Sector (2008, %)             19
Graph 17: Coal Consumption (Mt)                                     20
Graph 18: Coal Consumption Breakdown by Sector (2008, %)            20


List of Tables

Table 1: Economic indicators
           Population, GNP growth
           Imports & exports
           Inflation rate, exchange rate
           Energy security indicators
           Energy efficiency indicators
           CO2 emissions

Table 2: Supply indicators
          Oil & Gas proven reserves
          Electric & refining capacity detailed by source
          Production by energy source
          Power production by technology (5 technologies)
          External trade by energy source

Table 3: Demand indicators
          Consumption / inhabitant
          Consumption trends
          Total consumption by energy source
          Final consumption by energy source and by sector
          Electricity consumption by sector

Table 4: Energy Balance
           Total energy balance
           Detailed energy balance by energy source



Estonia Energy Report – Copyright© Enerdata – All rights reserved        2
www.enerdata.net
GENERAL OVERVIEW




Table 1 : Economic Indicators
                                                                    1990    2006        2007           2008
Population                                              Millions     1.6     1.3         1.3           1.3
GDP growth rate                                         %/year      -7.1    11.4         6.3           -3.6
GDP/capita                                               US $       n.a.   12225     15145        17527
Exports                                                Billions $   n.a.       9        n.a.           n.a.
Imports                                                Billions $   n.a.      13        n.a.           n.a.
Inflation Rate                                          %/year      n.a.     4.4         6.6        10.4
Exchange rate                                             lc/$      n.a.   12.47      11.43        10.54
                                                                               Sources : World Bank , IMF


ENERGY SECURITY                                                     1990    2006        2007           2008
Energy independence rate                                  %          53       75         79             78
Share of oil imported(+) exported(-)                      %         100      100        100            100
Energy imports(+) exports(-) balance                    M US $      n.a.     623        n.a.           n.a.
Energy imports(+) exports(-) balance/GDP                  %         n.a.     3.8        n.a.           n.a.

ENERGY EFFICIENCY                                                   1990    2006        2007           2008
Total consumption/GDP *                                koe/$05      0.59    0.20       0.21         0.21
Total consumption/GDP *                               2005=100      254     87.1       91.4         91.0
Transport and distribution rate of losses                 %         15.6    15.9       19.2         15.5
Efficiency of thermal power plants                        %         29.4    32.8       33.5         31.4

CO2 EMISSIONS                                                       1990    2006        2
								
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