R.D. Congo energy report by Enerdata


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Republic of Congo
energy report

Latest update: September 2010

Table of Contents

LIST OF GRAPHS & TABLES                                                   2

INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY                                            3

ENERGY COMPANIES                                                          3

ENERGY SUPPLY                                                             3

ENERGY CONSUMPTION                                                        4

ISSUES AND PROSPECTS                                                      4

GRAPHS & DATA TABLES                                                      6

D.R. of Congo Energy Report – Copyright© Enerdata – All rights reserved       1

List of Graphs

Graph   1:   Installed Electric Capacity by Source (2008, %)
Graph   2:   Power Generation by Source (2008, %)
Graph   3:   Consumption trends by Energy Source (Mtoe)
Graph   4:   Total Consumption Market Share by Energy (2008, %)
Graph   5:   Final Consumption Market Share by Sector (2008, %)
Graph   6:   Primary Consumption since 1970

List of Tables

Table 1: Economic indicators
             Population, GDP growth
             Imports & exports
             Inflation rate, exchange rate

Table 2: Supply indicators
              Oil & Gas proven reserves
              Electric & refining capacity detailed by source
              Production by energy source
              Power production by source
              External trade by energy

Table 3: Demand indicators
             Consumption / inhabitant
             Consumption trends
             Total consumption by energy
             Final consumption by energy and by sector
             Electricity consumption by sector
             Energy security indicators
             Energy efficiency indicators
             CO2 emissions

Table 4: Energy Balance
             Total energy balance
             Detailed energy balance by energy

D.R. of Congo Energy Report – Copyright© Enerdata – All rights reserved   2
INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY                                           Electricity
                                                                  The National Electricity Company (SNEL)
POLICY                                                            holds     the     monopoly       on        the    production,
                                                                  transport and distribution of electricity. The
The Ministry of Energy controls the entire                        financial and technical situation of SNEL is
sector and ensures the supervision of the                         critical. It is owed many unpaid bills, more
public energy companies; in particular for the                    than half of which from the State and
power sector. The former Ministry of Mines,                       administrations. Moreover, the rates charged
Hydrocarbons and Energy was split in 2007                         to customers do not cover the exploitation
when the new government was formed. The                           costs. On a technical level, its equipment is
Ministry of Hydrocarbon is in charge of oil                       old     and     insufficient.    In    June        2008     the
and gas issues. The issues regarding the                          decision was taken to reorganise SNEL in
forest fall within the competence of the                          view of its privatisation.
Ministry of Environment, Nature Conservation
and Tourism.                                                      SINELAC,         the   Great      Lakes          International
                                                                  Electricity Company, a multinational company
The    energy     policy     is   focussed    on    the           (Burundi, Rwanda, DRC) created to develop
electricity sector.                                               the hydroelectricity potential of the area of
                                                                  the Great Lakes, operates the dam of Ruzizi


                                                                  ENERGY SUPPLY
In the oil sector there are several mixed or
private     firms      in     which     international             Resources
companies are involved. Two firms share the                       The     country’s      main      energy          resource    is
exploration-production activities: Gulf Oil                       hydroelectricity, with a potential of 100 000
Company (Chevron, Unocal, Teikoku) for the                        MW (13% of the world’s potential), located
offshore activities (80% of the production)                       on the Congo River and its affluents, with
and     Sorepco,       of     the     Research     and            more than 40% of that potential situated on
Exploitation Company of Congo (Shell, Total,                      the site of Inga. Moreover, the country has
State), for the continental area.                                 coal (88 Mt), oil (25 Mt), natural gas (1 bcm)
                                                                  and uranium (1.8 Mt) reserves.
The import and distribution of oil products
are       ensured       by        Congolaise         of           Electricity
Hydrocarbons (Cohydro ex PétroCongo) and                          Only 3% of the hydroelectric potential is
3 mixed companies that together form the                          developed (2 611 MW, 1 775 MW of which for
Professional Group of Oil Product Distributors                    Inga). The Inga site is made up of 2 power
(GPDPP): Cobil (ex Mobil Oil); X-Congo-oil,                       plants: Inga 1 (350 MW divided into 6
50% of which has since 2007 been owned by                         groups) and Inga 2 (1425 MW with 8
Sapro, and the other 50% of which is owned                        groups).      Nearly     100%         of    the     electricity
by Cohydro; and Sonangol, a subsidiary of                         production comes from hydroelectricity. It is
the Angolan company Sonangol, in which the                        around 9 TWh. The country’s supply strongly
State holds 10% of the shares. Congo-Sep                          depends on the water level of the Congo
(Cohydro 36.6%, Aristea 36.6%, Shell 13%,                         River. Power outages increase in years with
Cobil 7.6% and SCP 6%) is the main oil                            low     rainfall.    Even       during      normal      years
product storage and transport company.                            outages are frequent in Kinshasa: the capital
                                                                  has an estimated demand of 600 MW and the

D.R. of Congo Energy Report – Copyright© Enerdata – All rights reserved                                                       3
contribution from Inga never exceeds 400
                                                                  ENERGY CONSUMPTION

                                                                  The energy consumption per capita is 0.30
The transport/distribution network is old and
                                                                  toe, including 110 kWh of electricity.
underdeveloped. The network is composed of
5500     km     worth    of   high        voltage   lines
                                                                  Traditional    energies          cover       approximately
distributed as follows:
                                                                  93% of the country’s energy needs. Although
- A 1740 km HV line connecting Inga to
                                                                  it has a large surplus of firewood, the eastern
Kalanga’s HV network, interconnected with
                                                                  part of the country, which is more populated,
that of Southern Africa (just 550 MW out of a
                                                                  is subject to fast deforestation, just like the
capacity of 1120 MW is available because of
                                                                  periphery of the cities.
the lack of maintenance)
- A South-Western network covering Congo-

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