HIGHLIGHTS IN THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO
The Democratic Republic of Congo withdrew from the Inga 3 project carried out by Westcor and signed an agreement with BHP Billiton to launch a new 2 500 MW project by 2018. The power produced would be supplied to BHP's proposed aluminum smelter.
Africa’s total energy production slightly fell by around 2%. Again hydrocarbons producing countries of which Algeria and Nigeria were more largely impacted. Furthermore the net exporting region Africa experienced a cut of 6% in its trade surplus.
WHAT YOU WILL FIND IN THIS REPORT
The Democratic Republic of Congo energy market report is a reliable source for understanding the key issues and dynamics shaping the Congolese energy industry. With timely, up-to-date energy industry data and demand forecasts, this report will help you identify and exploit challenges and opportunities in the Congolese energy sector. The report details the sub-sectors of the energy industry (Crude Oil, refined oil products, Natural Gas, Coal, Electricity and Renewable) in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
In this report you will find:
-Overview of energy industry sub-segments: oil, gas, coal, power, renewable
-Evolution of the regulatory environment and institutions as regards energy and climate change policies
-Key companies active in the Congolese energy industry, along the value chain of each sub-segment
-Up-to-date insight on market structures, regulatory developments, and asset developments
-Supply & demand overview and trends, with a detailed breakdown by energy and by sector
-Historical data and trends relating to production, consumption, imports, exports and reserves for each industry sub-segment
-Energy projects under development in the country
-Key drivers of change and future issues for each energy type
MAIN REASONS TO BUY THIS REPORT
-Identify growth segments and opportunities in the industry
-Work with data-driven market research
-Obtain up-to-date, insi
Democratic Republic of Congo energy report Latest update: September 2010 Table of Contents LIST OF GRAPHS & TABLES 2 INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY 3 ENERGY COMPANIES 3 ENERGY SUPPLY 3 ENERGY CONSUMPTION 4 ISSUES AND PROSPECTS 4 GRAPHS & DATA TABLES 6 D.R. of Congo Energy Report – Copyright© Enerdata – All rights reserved 1 www.enerdata.net LIST OF GRAPHS & TABLES List of Graphs Graph 1: Installed Electric Capacity by Source (2008, %) Graph 2: Power Generation by Source (2008, %) Graph 3: Consumption trends by Energy Source (Mtoe) Graph 4: Total Consumption Market Share by Energy (2008, %) Graph 5: Final Consumption Market Share by Sector (2008, %) Graph 6: Primary Consumption since 1970 List of Tables Table 1: Economic indicators Population, GDP growth Imports & exports Inflation rate, exchange rate Table 2: Supply indicators Oil & Gas proven reserves Electric & refining capacity detailed by source Production by energy source Power production by source External trade by energy Table 3: Demand indicators Consumption / inhabitant Consumption trends Total consumption by energy Final consumption by energy and by sector Electricity consumption by sector Energy security indicators Energy efficiency indicators CO2 emissions Table 4: Energy Balance Total energy balance Detailed energy balance by energy D.R. of Congo Energy Report – Copyright© Enerdata – All rights reserved 2 www.enerdata.net INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY Electricity The National Electricity Company (SNEL) POLICY holds the monopoly on the production, transport and distribution of electricity. The The Ministry of Energy controls the entire financial and technical situation of SNEL is sector and ensures the supervision of the critical. It is owed many unpaid bills, more public energy companies; in particular for the than half of which from the State and power sector. The former Ministry of Mines, administrations. Moreover, the rates charged Hydrocarbons and Energy was split in 2007 to customers do not cover the exploitation when the new government was formed. The costs. On a technical level, its equipment is Ministry of Hydrocarbon is in charge of oil old and insufficient. In June 2008 the and gas issues. The issues regarding the decision was taken to reorganise SNEL in forest fall within the competence of the view of its privatisation. Ministry of Environment, Nature Conservation and Tourism. SINELAC, the Great Lakes International Electricity Company, a multinational company The energy policy is focussed on the (Burundi, Rwanda, DRC) created to develop electricity sector. the hydroelectricity potential of the area of the Great Lakes, operates the dam of Ruzizi II. ENERGY COMPANIES Oil ENERGY SUPPLY In the oil sector there are several mixed or private firms in which international Resources companies are involved. Two firms share the The country’s main energy resource is exploration-production activities: Gulf Oil hydroelectricity, with a potential of 100 000 Company (Chevron, Unocal, Teikoku) for the MW (13% of the world’s potential), located offshore activities (80% of the production) on the Congo River and its affluents, with and Sorepco, of the Research and more than 40% of that potential situated on Exploitation Company of Congo (Shell, Total, the site of Inga. Moreover, the country has State), for the continental area. coal (88 Mt), oil (25 Mt), natural gas (1 bcm) and uranium (1.8 Mt) reserves. The import and distribution of oil products are ensured by Congolaise of Electricity Hydrocarbons (Cohydro ex PétroCongo) and Only 3% of the hydroelectric potential is 3 mixed companies that together form the developed (2 611 MW, 1 775 MW of which for Professional Group of Oil Product Distributors Inga). The Inga site is made up of 2 power (GPDPP): Cobil (ex Mobil Oil); X-Congo-oil, plants: Inga 1 (350 MW divided into 6 50% of which has since 2007 been owned by groups) and Inga 2 (1425 MW with 8 Sapro, and the other 50% of which is owned groups). Nearly 100% of the electricity by Cohydro; and Sonangol, a subsidiary of production comes from hydroelectricity. It is the Angolan company Sonangol, in which the around 9 TWh. The country’s supply strongly State holds 10% of the shares. Congo-Sep depends on the water level of the Congo (Cohydro 36.6%, Aristea 36.6%, Shell 13%, River. Power outages increase in years with Cobil 7.6% and SCP 6%) is the main oil low rainfall. Even during normal years product storage and transport company. outages are frequent in Kinshasa: the capital has an estimated demand of 600 MW and the D.R. of Congo Energy Report – Copyright© Enerdata – All rights reserved 3 www.enerdata.net contribution from Inga never exceeds 400 ENERGY CONSUMPTION MW. The energy consumption per capita is 0.30 The transport/distribution network is old and toe, including 110 kWh of electricity. underdeveloped. The network is composed of 5500 km worth of high voltage lines Traditional energies cover approximately distributed as follows: 93% of the country’s energy needs. Although - A 1740 km HV line connecting Inga to it has a large surplus of firewood, the eastern Kalanga’s HV network, interconnected with part of the country, which is more populated, that of Southern Africa (just 550 MW out of a is subject to fast deforestation, just like the capacity of 1120 MW is available because of periphery of the cities. the lack of maintenance) - A South-Western network covering Congo-
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