UAE energy report

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					United Arab Emirates
energy report

Latest update: August 2010

Table of Contents

LIST OF GRAPHS & TABLES                                                          2

INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY POLICY                                                   3

ENERGY COMPANIES                                                                 3

ENERGY SUPPLY                                                                    5

CONSUMPTION                                                                      6

ISSUES AND PROSPECTS                                                             6

GRAPHS & DATA TABLES                                                             9

United Arab Emirates Energy Report – Copyright© Enerdata – All rights reserved       1

List of Graphs

Graph   1:   Installed Electric Capacity by Source (2008, %)
Graph   2:   Power Generation by Source (2008, %)
Graph   3:   Consumption trends by Energy Source (Mtoe)
Graph   4:   Total Consumption Market Share by Energy (2008, %)
Graph   5:   Final Consumption Market Share by Sector (2008, %)
Graph   6:   Primary Consumption since 1970

List of Tables

Table 1: Economic indicators
             Population, GDP growth
             Imports & exports
             Inflation rate, exchange rate

Table 2: Supply indicators
              Oil & Gas proven reserves
              Electric & refining capacity detailed by source
              Production by energy source
              Power production by source
              External trade by energy

Table 3: Demand indicators
             Consumption / inhabitant
             Consumption trends
             Total consumption by energy
             Final consumption by energy and by sector
             Electricity consumption by sector
             Energy security indicators
             Energy efficiency indicators
             CO2 emissions

Table 4: Energy Balance
             Total energy balance
             Detailed energy balance by energy

United Arab Emirates Energy Report – Copyright© Enerdata – All rights reserved   2
INSTITUTIONS AND ENERGY                                           Each of the 7 emirates has sovereign control
                                                                  over its hydrocarbon resources, which are
POLICY                                                            managed by the emirates‟ own supervisory
                                                                  body. In this sector, the emirate of Abu Dhabi
The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a federal                       is the most important of the emirates: it
state made up of seven emirates: Abu Dhabi,                       ensures 87% of the total oil production and
Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm Al Quwain, Ras                         has 94% of the country‟s oil reserves and
Al Khaimah and Fujairah. The two most                             93% of its gas reserves. The oil and natural
important emirates are Abu Dhabi and Dubai.                       gas policy followed by Abu Dhabi is laid down
The role of the federal structures is, on the                     by the Supreme Petroleum Council, which
whole, limited to drafting the outlines of                        is chaired by Sheik Khalifa Bin Zayer, the
general policies, while the emirates have a                       Crown Prince.
great deal of latitude in the implementation
of those policies.                                                Dubai      created         the   Dubai          Mercantile
                                                                  Exchange,       on     which       oil    futures       are
The Ministry of Electricity and Water                             exchanged.
(MEW)         is    in   charge    of      the   country‟s
electricity policies. Its role is mainly limited                  In 2006 the Abu Dhabi Emirate created an
to the coordination between the various                           investment fund, Masdar, dedicated to “clean
emirates. The most populated emirates, Abu                        technologies”:         solar       energy,         energy
Dhabi, Dubai and Sharjah, have their own                          efficiency, the capture and storage of CO2,
independent          electricity   system        which    is      hydrogen production, etc. In the coming
managed by a distinct entity: AWEA (Abu                           years, the Emirate intends to become a
Dhabi Water & Electricity Authority), DEWA                        major player in the sector on a world level.
(Dubai Electricity & Water Authority), and
SEWA          (Sharjah       Electricity     and    Water
Authority). The northern emirates (Ajman,                         ENERGY COMPANIES
Umm      Al        Quwain,   Ras    Al     Khaimah       and
Fujairah) form an independent network that
is brought together and managed by the
                                                                  The 4 least populated emirates (Ajman, Umm
FEWA. Moreover, a fifth authority, UWEC,
                                                                  Al Quwain, Ras Al Khaimah and Fujairah)
was created by the Government of Abu Dhabi
                                                                  receive their electricity from the MEW.
in order to ensure the financing of the Qidfa
power plant (Fujairah). However, in 2005
                                                                  Since    1997        Abu    Dhabi        has,    via    the
60% of the plant was purchased by ADWEA,
                                                                  Privatisation Committee for the Water and
and the rest should soon be privatised.
                                                                  Electricity Sector (PCWES), been engaged in
                                                                  a process for the privatisation of its power
The country has created in 2009, through the
                                                                  plants under the form of BOOT contracts
issue of a new law on the peaceful uses of
                                                                  (Build, Own, Operate, Transfer) attributed to
nuclear energy, the Federal Authority of
                                                                  certain joint-ventures, 40% of which are
Nuclear Regulation, which will be in charge
                                                                  owned by private companies and 60% by
of the control and safety of the nuclear
                                                                  ADWEA. There are five private power plants:
                                                                  Taweelah A2 (736 MW) managed by Emirates
                                                                  CMS       Power       Company            (CMS      Energy
The hydrocarbons sector comes under the
                                                                  Generation 40%); Taweelah A1 (1431 MW
responsibility of the Federal Ministry of Oil
                                                                  expanded        to     1600        MW      in      2009;)
and Mineral Resources. The Ministry‟s main
                                                                  commissioned at the beginning of 2003 by
role   is     to     represent     the     UAE     on     an
                                                                  the Gulf Total Tractebel Power Company
international level, in particular within OPEC.
                                                                  consortium      (Total      20%,    Tractebel          20%)

United Arab Emirates Energy Report – Copyright© Enerdata – All rights reserved                                              3
which     will       manage      the     plant     and     the    Company (ADNOC), which belongs to the
desalination unit for 20 years; Suweihat S1                       Government of Abu Dhabi. ADNOC is involved
(1500 MW), commissioned at the end of                             in all stages, from exploration to marketing.
2004 by Shuweihat CMS International Power                         Three companies ensure most of the oil
Company              (CMS       Energy           20%    
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Description: HIGHLIGHTS IN THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES The country has started an ambitious nuclear program. Four reactors (1400 MW each) will be built by a Korean consortium and should be operational between 2017 and 2020. Among other developing countries the Middle East experienced a substantial cut in its primary production. However, despite its surplus reduced by 10% the Middle East remained the world’s largest net exporter of energy. WHAT YOU WILL FIND IN THIS REPORT The United Arab Emirates energy market report is a reliable source for understanding the key issues and dynamics shaping the Emirati energy industry. With timely, up-to-date energy industry data and demand forecasts, this report will help you identify and exploit challenges and opportunities in the Emirati energy sector. The report details the sub-sectors of the energy industry (Crude Oil, refined oil products, Natural Gas, Coal, Electricity and Renewable) in the United Arab Emirates. In this report you will find: -Overview of energy industry sub-segments: oil, gas, coal, power, renewable -Evolution of the regulatory environment and institutions as regards energy and climate change policies -Key companies active in the Emirati energy industry, along the value chain of each sub-segment -Up-to-date insight on market structures, regulatory developments, and asset developments -Market dynamics and trends, detailed by energy and by sector -Analysis supported by a large number of time series on production, consumption, imports, exports and reserves for each industry sub-segment -Projects under development in the country, including power plants, refineries, LNG terminals, gas pipelines -Analysis of the likely evolution of the market and key industry drivers MAIN REASONS TO BUY THIS REPORT -Identify growth segments and opportunities in the industry -Work with data-driven market research -Obtain up-to-date, insightful and standardised information by country -Assess how national regula
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