Comparative Constitutional Law - DOC by wuyunyi

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									                           Comparative Constitutional Law
                                     Fall 2008
                                Professor Fischer

                                   READING LIST

Below are the reading assignments for this seminar course. The required book,
abbreviated “G”, is Jeffrey Goldsworthy, Interpreting Constitutions: A
Comparative Study (Oxford, 2007) (paperback edition). Many other required and
recommended reading materials will be provided throughout the semester as
handouts. Handouts will normally be distributed in class every Wednesday for the
following week’s classes. If you are not in class on Wednesday, you can pick up the
handout from the class mailbox on the fourth floor opposite the elevators.

Class meets from 2:10 to 3:25 p.m. in Room 312D.

Class 1 - Monday, August 18: Introduction to Comparative Constitutional Law
There is no reading assignment for the introductory class, but I strongly
recommend reading the introduction at G pp. 1-6. I also recommend reading the
transcript of the debate between Justices Scalia and Breyer at American University
(2005) at: http://www.freerepublic.com/focus/f-news/1352357/posts

                                  UNIT I: CANADA

Class 2 - Wednesday, August 20: Constitution Making: Canada

   A. REQUIRED READING G pp. 55-58 (up to “Supreme Court of Canada”), 74
   (from “Sources of Interpretation”)-79 (up to “Previous Decisions”); Handout;
   skim the following documents:
        Constitution Act 1867 at: http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/const/index.html
        Constitution Act 1982 at: http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/const/index.html
           [scroll down to it]
        Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (Part I of the Constitution Act
           1982) in http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/charter/index.html
   B. RECOMMENDED READING: Compare Canadian material with U.S.
       material at G pp. 8-10, 15--40 (up to “Precedent”); Handout
   C. WRITTEN EXERCISE: Please write out a brief Please prepare a short
   personal statement, which should be typed or word processed, maximum length 1
   page, which tells us a little about you so that I can get to know you better. I am
   particularly interested in why you are taking comparative constitutional law, what you
   hope to learn about it this semester, and whether you have any prior experience with
   comparative and/or constitutional law (as an author, through employment, etc.). This
   should have your name on it and is due in class on August 20.
Class 3 - Monday, August 25: The Supreme Court of Canada

   A. REQUIRED READING: G pp. 58-61 (up to “Problems of Interpretation”),
      73 (from “Interpretation of Judicial Independence”)-74, 79 (from “Previous
      Decisions”)-82 (up to “Modes of Interpretation”); skim the website of the
      Canadian Supreme Court at: http://www.scc-csc.gc.ca/Welcome/index_e.asp;
      Handout

   B. RECOMMENDED READING: Handout; compare Canadian material with
      U.S. material at G pp. 12-15, 40-54 and the website of the U.S. Supreme
      Court at: http://www.supremecourtus.gov/ D 89-92; see also John Roberts,
      Year End Report on the Federal Judiciary for 2007 at:
      http://www.uscourts.gov/ttb/2008-01/2007/index.html and Year End Report
      on the Federal Judiciary for 2006 at:
      http://64.233.169.104/search?q=cache:7HJ5Tp8UMaMJ:www.uscourts.gov/n
      ewsroom/yearend06.pdf+Supreme+Court+Roberts+year+end+report&hl=en
      &ct=clnk&cd=2&gl=us ; skim website of the Judicial Committee of the Privy
      Council at: http://www.privy-council.org.uk/OutPut/Page5.asp

Class 4 - Wednesday, August 27: Federalism and Separation of Powers in Canada

   A. REQUIRED READING: G pp. 60-69, 72-73 (up to “Interpretation of
      Judicial Independence”). reread pp. 57, 74 (from “Sources of
      Interpretation”)-77 (up to “Legislative History”), 84 from “Progressive
      Interpretation”)-88 (to “Purposive Interpretation”), 93 (from “Bilingual and
      Bicultural Countr”)-96 (up to “Crisis Management by the Court”); Handout
   B. RECOMMENDED READING: Handout; compare Canadian material with
      U.S. material at G pp. 10-12

Monday, Sept. 1: LABOR DAY HOLIDAY – No Class

Class 5 - Wednesday, Sept. 3: Crisis Management in the Canadian Constitutional
System

   A. REQUIRED READING: G pp. 90-93 (up to “Bilingual and Bilcultural
      Country”), 96-100 (up to “Conclusions on Interpretation”); Handout
   B. RECOMMENDED READING: Compare the Canadian material with the
      U.S. material at G pp. 38-40; Handout

Class 6 – Monday, Sept. 8: Constitutional Rights in Canada I: The Canadian Charter
of Rights

   A. REQUIRED READING: G pp. 58, 69-72, reread 72-74, 80-84, 87-90, 100-
      105; Handout
   B. RECOMMENDED READING: Handout; Remarks of the Right Honorable
      Beverly McLachlin, P.C., Protecting Constitutional Rights: A Comparative
      View of the U.S. and Canada (2004) at: http://www.scc-
      csc.gc.ca/aboutcourt/judges/speeches/ComparativeView_e.asp

Class 7 - Wednesday, Sept. 10: Constitutional Rights in Canada II: A Comparative
Look at the Doctrine of Proportionality and Constitutional Texts

   A. REQUIRED READING: Handout
   B. RECOMMENDED READING: Handout

                               UNIT II: GERMANY

Class 8 – Monday, Sept. 15: Constitution Making: Germany and the Grundgesetz
(Basic Law)

   A. REQUIRED READING: G pp. 161-172, 177 (section on “Problems of
      Interpretation” up to “Conception of the Constitution”), 190-193 (up to
      “Academic Writings”), 196 (from “Approaches to Interpretation ”)-199 (up
      to “Structural Interpretation”); skim the Grundgesetz at:
      http://www.iuscomp.org/gla/statutes/GG.htm; Handout
   B. RECOMMENDED READING: Review reading for Class 2; Handout

Class 9 - Wednesday, Sept. 17: German Bundesverfassungsgericht (Federal
Constitutional Court, hereafter “FCC”)

   A. REQUIRED READING: G pp. 172 (from “The Federal Constitutional
      Court”)-179, 192 (from “Judicial Precedents”) -196 (up to “Approaches to
      Interpretation”). 207 (from “The Civil Law Tradition”)-214; Handout
   B. RECOMMENDED READING: Handout; Anthony Sebok, How an
      Important German Constitutional Court Decision May Change the Nature of
      Law Practice in Germany, Findlaw (2007), at
      http://writ.news.findlaw.com/sebok/20070313.html

Class 10 - Monday, Sept. 22: Federalism and Separation of Powers in Germany

   A. REQUIRED READING: G pp. 186-189 (section on “Structures and
      relationships”), 199 (from “Structural Interpretation”)-201 (up to end of first
      paragraph), 206-207 (section on “Parliamentary Government”);
   B. RECOMMENDED READING: Handout

Class 11 – Wednesday, Sept. 24: Constitutional Rights in Germany I

   A. REQUIRED READING: G pp. 177 (from “Problems of Interpretation”)-186
      to “Structures and relationships”), 189 (from “Unwritten principles”)-190
      (up to “The Written Constitution”), 201 (from “Proportionality”)-204 (up to
      “Passive Virtues and dialogical techniques”); Handout
   B. RECOMMENDED READING: Handout
Class 12 - Monday, Sept. 29: Constitutional Rights in Germany II: A Comparative
Look at State Action/Horizontal Effect

   A. REQUIRED READING: Reread G p. 70 (final paragraph only); 184 (from
      “the horizontality of rights”)-186; Handout
   B. RECOMMENDED READING: Handout

Class 13 - Wednesday, Oct. 1: Constitutional Rights in Germany III: A Comparative
Look at Freedom of Religion in Schools

   A. REQUIRED READING: Handout
   B. RECOMMENDED READING: Handout

Class 14 - Monday, Oct. 6: Constitutional Rights in Germany IV: A Comparative
Look at Human Dignity, the Rights to Life, Liberty, and Privacy and Abortion

   A. REQUIRED READING: Handout
   B. RECOMMENDED READING: Handout

                                UNIT III: INDIA

Class 15 - Wednesday, Oct. 8: Constitution Making: India

   A. REQUIRED READING: G pp. 215-216, 221 (from “Amendment”)-222 (up
      to “Judicial Review”), 226 (from “Problems and Methods of
      Interpretation”)-229 (up to “The Legal Positivism of the Early Years”), 232
      (“External Aids to Interpretation”), 242-248; skim the Indian Constitution
      at: http://indiacode.nic.in/coiweb/welcome.html but make sure you read Arts.
      368 and 13(2) – you can access at:
      http://www.astro.virginia.edu/~sk4zw/india-const/const.html; Handout
   B. RECOMMENDED READING: Handout

Monday, Oct. 13: COLUMBUS DAY HOLIDAY – No Class

Class 16 - Tuesday, Oct. 14 (Administrative Monday): The Supreme Court of India

   A. REQUIRED READING: G pp. 222 (from “Judicial Review”)-226 (up to
      “Problems and Methods of Interpretation”), reread 232 “External Aids to
      Interpretation”), 256-265; skim the website of the Supreme Court of India at
      http://www.supremecourtofindia.nic.in/; Handout
   B. RECOMMENDED READING: Handout

Class 17 - Wednesday, Oct. 15: Federalism and Separation of Powers in India
   A. REQUIRED READING: G pp. 216 (from “Salient Features”)-218 (“Bill of
      rights”), 221 “Separation of Powers”), 232 (“Interpreting the Federal
      Distribution of Power”)-234 (up to “Resolving Conflicts”); skim the powers
      in art. 246, Sch. 7 of the Indian Constitution at:
      http://indiacode.nic.in/coiweb/welcome.html; Handout
   B. RECOMMENDED READING: Handout; Harihar Bhattacharyya,
      Federalism and Regionalism in India (2005) at: http://archiv.ub.uni-
      heidelberg.de/volltextserver/volltexte/2005/5500/pdf/hpsacp27.pdf ;
      http://www.legalservicesindia.com/articles/c1onst.htm; see Frequently Asked
      Questions on Kashmir at
      http://www.kamat.com/indica/conflict/kashmir.htm; see also India Together
      Chronology on Jammu & Kashmir at:
      http://www.indiatogether.org/peace/kashmir/intro.htm; skim Art. 370 in the
      Constitution of India (see above at A for link)

Class 18 - Monday, Oct. 20: Crisis Management in the Indian Constitutional System

   A. REQUIRED READING: G pp. 242-251 (up to “Post-emergency Judicial
      Activism”); 259 (from “The independence of the judiciary”)-263 (up to
      “Institutional and Cultural Factors”); Arts. 19, 352, 358, 359 in Indian
      Constitution at: http://www.astro.virginia.edu/~sk4zw/india-
      const/const.html; Handout
   B. RECOMMENDED READING: Handout

Class 19 - Wednesday, Oct. 22: Constitutional Rights in India I

   A. REQUIRED READING: G pp. 218 (from “Bill of Rights”)-221 (up to
       “Amendment”), 229 (from “The Legal Positivism of the Early Years”)-232
       (up to “External Aids to Interpretation”), 234-242 (up to “Towards
       Structuralist Interpretation: the Basic Structure Doctrine”), 251 (from
       “Post-emergency Judicial Activism”)-259 (up to “The independence of the
       judiciary”); Handout
   B. RECOMMENDED READING: Handout; see also
   http://www.globalrights.org/site/DocServer/AffirmativeAction_GlobalPerspectiv
   e.pdf?docID=2623

Class 20 - Monday, Oct. 27: Constitutional Rights in India II: A Comparative Look
at Equality Rights and Affirmative Action
    A. REQUIRED READING: Handout; read Arts. 14, 15(2), 15(4), 16(4), 29(2),
       46 in the Indian Constitution; read s. 15 in the Canadian Charter of Rights
       and Freedoms at:
       http://www.canlii.org/eliisa/highlight.do?text=canadian+charter+of+rights+a
       nd+freedoms&language=en&searchTitle=Search+all+CanLII+Databases&p
       ath=/en/ca/const/const1982.html; R. v. Kapp at:
       http://www.law.ualberta.ca/centres/ccs/Featured-Court-Rulings/Supreme-
       Court-Approves-Affirmative-Action-Program.php
   B. RECOMMENDED READING: Handout

                               UNIT IV: SOUTH AFRICA

Class 21 - Wednesday, Oct. 29: Constitution-Making: South Africa

   A. REQUIRED READING: G pp. 266-275 (up to “Regionalism and
      Cooperative Governance”), 281 (from “Amending Procedures”) to 282
      (“Constitutional Court”), 286 (from “Legislative History”)-287 (up to
      “Public Opinion and Constitutional Values”), 299 (from “Certification and
      the Problem of Future Constitutional Amendment”)-302 (up to “interpreting
      the Bill of Rights within the Frame of Dignity, Equality, and Freedom”).
      skim the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa at:
      http://www.info.gov.za/documents/constitution/index.htm; Handout
   B. RECOMMENDED READING: Take a look at the 1993 Interim
      Constitution at: http://www.info.gov.za/documents/constitution/93cons.htm
      Handout T pp. 280-285, D pp. 447-450,

Class 22 - Monday, Nov. 3: The Constitutional Court of South Africa

   A. REQUIRED READING: G pp. 282 (“Constitutional Court”)-284 (up to
      “Sources of Interpretation”), 289 (from “International and Comparative
      Sources”)-292 (“Modes of Interpretation”), 314 (“Influence on
      Interpretation”)-320; skim the website of the Constitutional Court of South
      Africa at: http://www.constitutionalcourt.org.za/site/home.htm; Handout
   B. RECOMMENDED READING: Handout

Class 23 - Wednesday, Nov. 5: Federalism and Separation of Powers in South Africa

   A. REQUIRED READING: G pp. 275 (from “Regionalism and Cooperative
      Governance”)-278 (up to “Rule of Law and the Bill of Rights”), 309 (from
      “Interpretation of Regional and Conc
   B. urrent Powers”)-314 (up to “Influences on Interpretation”); Handout
   C. RECOMMENDED READING: Handout

Class 24 - Monday, Nov. 10: Crisis Management in the South African Constitutional
System – The Truth and Reconciliation Commission

   A. REQUIRED READING: Handout
   B. RECOMMENDED READING: Handout

Class 25 - Wednesday, Nov. 12: Constitutional Rights in South Africa I

   A. REQUIRED READING: G pp. 278 (from “Rule of Law and the Bill of
      Rights”)-282 (up to “Constitutional Court”); Handout
   B. RECOMMENDED READING: Handout
Class 26 - Monday, Nov. 17: Constitutional Rights in South Africa II: A Comparative
Look at Human Dignity and the Right to Life, the Death Penalty and Life
Imprisonment

   A. REQUIRED READING: Handout
   B. RECOMMENDED READING Handout

Class 27 - Wednesday, Nov. 19: Constitutional Rights in South Africa III: A
Comparative Look at Social Welfare Rights
   A. REQUIRED READING: Handout
   B. RECOMMENDED READING: Handout

Class 28 - Monday, Nov. 24: Conclusions on What We Have Learned

   A. REQUIRED READING: Handout
   B. RECOMMENDED READING: Handout

Wednesday, Nov. 26 – THANKSGIVING RECESS - No Class
day, Nov. 26 – THANKSGIVING RECESS - No Class

								
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