EXCAVATIONS IN METS SEPASAR Final Report Grant RC Grantee

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					                         EXCAVATIONS IN METS SEPASAR. 2006
                                     Final Report
                                 Grant 2006-RC-003
                              Grantee: Larisa Yenganyan

In 1998 The Shirak Regional Museum organized an archeological expedition to the Northern
part of Shirak Marz to Mets Sepasar, which is 2081 m above sea level (map 1) and found
settlement ruins. On the surface there were found lots of pottery pieces that belong to Kur-
Araqs culture.

In 2004 the expedition of the Shirak Regional Museum (supervisior Larisa Eganian) discovered
the size, nature, layering and dating of the ancient monument.

In 2005 the archeological team of the Shirak Regional Museum (supervisior Larisa Eganian)
continued the excavations in Mets Sepasar. The project was funded by the Project Discovery.
The research showed that the monument found belongs to early bronze age monuments.
During the excavations there were found constructions belonging to early and middle bronze
age periods. Some parts of the constructions have distinct layers belonging to the above
mentioned 2 periods.
From the early bronze age layer we found many pieces of ceramics, tools made of stone, bones
and volcanic glass. The ceramic plates glued and recovered with the help of bitum are of great
importance.

In 2006 (July 12 - August 21) the archeological team of the Shirak Regional Museum
(supervisior Larisa Eganian) continued the excavations in Mets Sepasar. The continuation of
the project was funded by the Project Discovery. The main part of the project was to continue
the excavations of the northern and the western parts of the site. As a result we had a
rectangular (Image 1,2,3,4) excavation area (18.5 x 16 meters). Paralelly we removed some
excavated and charted constructions belonging to early middle ages.

On the northern part of the site there are no constructions. In this part, outside the walls of the
constructions excavated we found a terasse on the slope which is 1.2 meters below the
construction's level (photo 1). In the middle of the terasse there were found ruins of a wall,
presumably a jind of separator. An oven was excavated too, where we found ceramics, bones,
a stone made axe fragments... (photo 2).

Among the finds there are many oven support pieces, one of them has a wild goat shape and
the rest have a human shape.
The presence of the finds enumerated proves that this place was a yard and during the warm
seasons they settelers used ovens.

In the western part of the site we finished the excavation of the holly place which had been
partially excavated last year (photo 3).
The western wall of the holly place goes to south. The northern wall of the holly place which
consists of two rows of stones was excavated too. The inner row is well constructed with the
stones of the same size, meanwhile the outer row was constructed using stones of different size
and shape. On the floor of the holly place there were found 6 skulls of wolves sacrificed without
the lower parts of the jaws (definition by Hans Piter Uorthmans) (photo 4). Besides the skulls
there were found plate fragments polished in black with red material on them (3 B.C.)

Taking into consideration that there are no more walls on the western part we can state that the
settelment terminates with the holly place. There is another prove supporting our conclusion: in
2003 on the north-western part we have found a rubbish heap full of many pieces of pottery
fragments (photo 5).

We continued the excavation of the first room found last year. On the eastern and western parts
of the room there were found 2 small benches (photo 6).
By the northern ball there was found a small oven. The pottery found is mixed and mainly
belongs to 3 mill. B.C. The stones bordering the eastern part of the bench belong to a 3rd mill.
B.C. wall. On the western part of the room in 50 cm depth there was found a wall remains
excavated last year. On the floor in the center of the room there was found a vessel based on
huge stones(photo 7). The vessel's upper part was about on the same level as the floor. Under
the floor (3rd mill. B.C.) there were found some ceramic fragments. The floor was partially
removed. We found some fragments of vessels (3rd mill. B.C.), sheep bones which were
presumabely in the vessel, a volcanic glass thing with a very sharp ending. Under the floor in
the soil we found one fragmented and two unbroken things (vessels). One of them belonging to
the 3rd mill. B.C. is polished in black with red material is a fragmented vessel. The rest is 2
unbroken vessels (photo 8). One of the two unbroken vessels has a middle age characteristic
shape and pattern and the other one is patternless which belongs to middle bronze age (photo
9). The Mets Sepasar settlement belongs to 27-25 B.C. while the vessels found belong to 24-22
B.C. Presumably, after 25 B.C. when the settlement didn't exist any more, the same place
became a cemetery during middle bronze age. Otherwise the unbroken objects couldn't be
found under the early bronze age layer. Further excavations might give additional information
about this matter.
The southern bench's eastern part was partialy excavated too. There was a need to determine
whether the wall under the bench had a continuation or no as well as to discover why the
southern wall of the room was not complete.
From the uppermost layer there was found a basalt grain grider with a smooth surface like a
idol. It might be a grain grinder and later on became an idol. The grinfer was found together with
the fragments of the oven.
Under the 20 cm depth there was found another oven. We also found the continuation of the
western wall on the level of the 2-nd oven. The wall fell on the oven.

After removing the bench we found the 3rd mill. B.C. wall continuation which goes to south. The
construction seems to be either square or rectangular.
The finds (ovens, bases, idols, a grain grinder, bone-made tools, awls, needles, ceramics,
bronze-made objects...) discovered during the excavations of Mets Sepasar were moved to
Shirak Regional Museum which were later restored (photo 10-20).
The bone material was sent both to The Biology University of Armenia and to Germany, to
Tubingen University.
Flower powder found during the excavations from the early bronze age layer was sent to
Senckenberg Research Institute
Senckenberganlage 25, 60325 Frankfurt, Germany, Dr. Angela A. Bruch
The site excavated was charted and conserved as much as possible. The finds are at the
Shirak Regional Museum and are being recovered.
Approximately 20 finds found in Mets Sepasar are at the moment in France, displayed at the
exhibition "500000 Year History of Armenian Mountains".
The results of the excavations of Mets Sepasar held in 2006 are published in the "Research
Papers" IX 2006, page 62-74 scientific catalog - L. Eganian "Mets Sepasar 2006".

Supervisor,
Larisa Eganian
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  Map 1
                                                BUDJET
                                             Mets Sepasar 2006

1.General Expences

                              Description                     Quantity      Amount $ USA

1     Diggers, brushes, etc                                       25                     50
2     Photo subjects                                                                     50
3     Night expences                                                                     70
4     Food                                                                               80
      TOTAL                                                                              250


2.Transportation

                        Description                           Quantity          Amount $ USA

1 Petrol                                                   1 day - 20lit. 15$     35 days - 700lit. 525$
2 Technical support                                             2 cars                     100
3 TOTAL                                                                                    625

3.Salary

                   Description                  Quantity    Amount $ USA

                                                               1 day                   35 days
1 Project supervisor                               1             20                      700
2 Archeologist /and the 2-nd driver at the         1             15                      525
  same time/
3 driver                                           1            10                         350
4 workers                                          8         8x4= 32$                    1120
5 mapping specialist                               1                        contract - 115
6 restoration specialist                           1                        contract - 115
7 painter                                          1                        contract - 115
8 paleoozoologist                                  1                        contract - 115
    TOTAL                                                                               3980

TOTAL                              3980 $USA

				
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