Regional Policy and Information Society Programming for 2006 – by cnolynne

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									EUROPEAN COMMISSION
Regional Policy




    Regional Policy and
    Information Society
Programming for 2006 – 2013

                 Reiner Kneifel-Haverkamp
                Desk Officer, Unit H.1 Poland
           Directorate General for Regional Policy


                                          Poznań, 22 June 2006
    EUROPEAN COMMISSION
    Regional Policy


                       Contents

    • What is Regional Policy - in a nutshell?
    • Lisbon - Where Regional Policy and
      Information Society meet …
    • Benchmarking and evaluation in Regional
      Policy
    • Practical Conclusions for programming of
      OPs with ICT components



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    EUROPEAN COMMISSION
    Regional Policy


       Regional Policy – basic objectives 1

     Strengthen the economic and social
      cohesion of the enlarged Union in order to
      promote the harmonious, balanced and
      sustainable development of the Community.
     The action taken with the aid of the Funds,
      the European Investment Bank (EIB) and
      other existing financial instruments, shall be
      aimed at reducing the economic, social and
      territorial disparities.

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    EUROPEAN COMMISSION
    Regional Policy


       Regional Policy – basic objectives 2

       The action taken under the Funds shall
       incorporate, at national and regional level,
       the Community’s priorities in favour of
       sustainable development
     by strengthening growth, competitiveness
      and employment, social inclusion,
     as well as protecting and improving the
      quality of the environment.



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    EUROPEAN COMMISSION
    Regional Policy




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    EUROPEAN COMMISSION
    Regional Policy



           Cohesion policy in a nutshell
                        •€ 307.6 billion – for 2007-2013
     Three funds
     • Cohesion Fund
     • European Regional Development Fund
     • European Social Fund

     Three objectives
     • Convergence
     • Regional competitiveness and employment
     • Territorial Co-operation


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    EUROPEAN COMMISSION
    Regional Policy


             Cohesion policy and Lisbon
               already now an issue
                      Investments in 2000-2006
            •     +/- € 10.3 billion in R&D
            •     +/- € 7 billion on ICT
            •     of which:
                 – infrastructure + technology 45%
                 – services for citizens (e-health, e-
                   government, education)       35%
                 – services for enterprises (e-commerce,
                   training and networking) 20%
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    EUROPEAN COMMISSION
    Regional Policy


           Cohesion policy in a nutshell
    Principles

        • Concentration
        • Programming (strategic approach on
          European, national and regional level)
        • Decentralised management
        • Additionality
        • Partnership

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    EUROPEAN COMMISSION
    Regional Policy



           Cohesion policy and Lisbon
                   Increased focus on Lisbon priorities
             Cohesion Policy in Support of Growth and Jobs:
             Community Strategic Guidelines, 2007-2013


               –       Make Europe more attractive place to
                       invest and work
               –       Knowledge and innovation will be the
                       beating heart of European growth
               –       Policies to allow our businesses to create
                       more and better jobs
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     EUROPEAN COMMISSION
     Regional Policy


                       CSG: Three Priorities

     • improving the attractiveness of Member States,
       regions and cities by improving accessibility,
       ensuring adequate quality and level of services, and
       preserving their environmental potential;
     • encouraging innovation, entrepreneurship and the
       growth of the knowledge economy by research and
       innovation capacities, including new information and
       communication technologies; and
     • creating more and better jobs by attracting more
       people into employment or entrepreneurial activity,
       improving adaptability of workers and enterprises
       and increasing investment in human capital.

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     EUROPEAN COMMISSION
     Regional Policy


                       Cohesion policy and ICT
     In June 2005 the EC issued the Community Strategic Guidelines
     • ensuring uptake of ICTs by firms and households
       and promoting development through the balanced
       support for the supply and demand of ICT products
       and both public and private services, as well as
       through increased investment in human capital.
       These actions should increase productivity, promote
       an open and competitive digital economy and an
       inclusive society.
     • ensuring availability of ICT infrastructure where
       the market fails to provide it at an affordable cost
       and to an adequate level to support the required
       services, especially in remote and rural areas and in
       new Member States.
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     EUROPEAN COMMISSION
     Regional Policy


     Possible benefits of ICT dissemination
     • Major lever for improving both productivity levels and
       the competitiveness of regions;
     • Encourage the re-organisation of production
       methods and the emergence of new business and
       private services.
     • The efficient and effective delivery of public services
       - in particular e-government and e-health – has a
       significant potential for economic growth and for
       enabling new services.
     • Contribute to regional development by favouring the
       creation and growth of poles of excellence in ICT
       activities and developing connectivity and
       networking among enterprises and SMEs in
       particular.


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     EUROPEAN COMMISSION
     Regional Policy


       ICT dissemination – Policy measures
     • improving innovation support services for SMEs with
       the particular objective of boosting technology
       transfer between research institutions and
       enterprises.
     • develop skills needed in the knowledge economy
     • develop content through the delivery of applications
       and services such as e-government, e-business, e-
       learning, e-health (often less costly alternatives,
       particularly in remote and sparsely-populated areas)
     • Create infrastructure which is available and capable
       of supporting broadband services across the Union
       at an accessible cost.


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     EUROPEAN COMMISSION
     Regional Policy




      Major challenges in ICT policy
                  • Bridging the Broadband Gap
                  • Implementing successful policies
                  • Supporting the up take of ICT and
                    broadband by users and
                    businesses
                  • Developing more standardised
                    markets at EU level



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     EUROPEAN COMMISSION
     Regional Policy


                Bridging the Broadband gap

     • Operational savings based on rationalisation and
       use of modern technology with the expected growing
       use of wireless communications and access
       platforms (e.g. 3G, WIFI, WIMAX and satellite),
       deployment of fibre in LAN….
     • Managing radio spectrum with greater flexibility and
       the principles of 'service neutrality' and
       'technological neutrality'
     • Unlicensed spectrum' model adequate to the
       openness of the market to the small and micro
       entrepreneurs


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     EUROPEAN COMMISSION
     Regional Policy

                 Investment in ICT infrastructure
                          Basic Rules
      Take into account rapid technological
       development,
      Respect the principles of technological
       neutrality and open access,
      Comply with competition rules and with the
       implementation of the regulatory framework
       for electronic communications.




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     EUROPEAN COMMISSION
     Regional Policy


                Bridging the Broadband gap

     • Where there are genuine market failures, the
       EU Structural Funds play a vital role in
       stimulating investments in broadband
       infrastructure and services, boosting
       competitiveness and innovation and enabling
       all regions of Europe to participate fully in the
       knowledge economy"
      Commissioner Danuta Hübner, Commissioner
       responsible for Regional Policy – March
       2006

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     EUROPEAN COMMISSION
     Regional Policy


           Implementing successful policies

        Successful regional and national policies in
        promoting broadband penetration are those
        that
     • Promote the development of a network
       infrastructure
     • Promote services to consumers and
       businesses
     • Support IT education, training and use of
       broadband applications
     • Promote a competitive regulatory
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     EUROPEAN COMMISSION
     Regional Policy
        Supporting the up take of ICT and
       broadband by users and businesses

     • Structural Funds support the development of
       e-government, e-health applications, etc.
     • Regional policy supports the exchange of
       good practices among different regions and
       countries and supports networks
     • Structural Funds will provide improved
       access to finance for business development
       through the Joint European Resources for
       Micro to Medium Enterprises (“JEREMIE”)
       that can help to ICTs up take

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     EUROPEAN COMMISSION
     Regional Policy


           Earmarking – Information Society
     • Telephone infrastructures (including broadband
       networks)
     • Information and communication technologies
       (access, security, interoperability, risk-prevention,
       research, innovation, e-content, etc.)
     • Information and communication technologies (TEN-
       ICT)
     • Services and applications for the citizen (e-health, e-
       government, e-learning, e-inclusion, etc.)
     • Services and applications for SMEs (e-commerce,
       education and training, networking, etc.
     • Other measures for improving access to and
       efficient use of ICT by SMEs

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     EUROPEAN COMMISSION
     Regional Policy


          Programming of Structural Funds

       Operational programmes shall contain:
      SWOT analyses;
      Ex-ante evaluation;
      Information on the priority axes and their
       specific targets. Those targets shall be
       quantified using a limited number of
       indicators for output and results... The
       indicators shall make it possible to measure
       the progress in relation to the baseline
       situation and the effectiveness of the targets
       implementing the priority axis.
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     EUROPEAN COMMISSION
     Regional Policy

              Designing a high quality system of
                          indicators
     • Clear, focussed strategy;
     • Context indicators;
     • Baselines;
     • Ex-ante quantification (results oriented
       system, time series, benchmarks);
     • Core indicators
     • Innovation: special attention to process
       issues

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     EUROPEAN COMMISSION
     Regional Policy


       The programme and its environment


                                                                       Impacts
       Society      Needs
       Economy     problems
       Environ-     issues
       ment                                                      Outcomes/
                                                                  Results

      Programme
                         Objectives     Inputs            Outputs




      Evaluation
                       Relevance                    Efficiency

                                                 Effectiveness

                                         Utility
                                      Sustainability


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     EUROPEAN COMMISSION
     Regional Policy


                       Output, results, Impacts

                                  I m p a c ts                   G lo b a l
                         (lo n g e r-te rm e ffe c ts )        o b je ctiv es




                                R e s u lts
                               (d ire ct a n d                  S p e c ific
                           im m ed iate effe cts )             o b je ctiv es      P ro g ra m m e
                                                                                   O b je ctiv e s


                                   O u tp u ts
                           (g o o d s an d se rv ic es        O p e ra tio n a l
                                  p ro d u c e d )            o b je ctiv es




         I n p u ts      P ro g r a m m e o p e r a tio n s




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     EUROPEAN COMMISSION
     Regional Policy


                        Conclusion

     • The results from the UNDERSTAND project
       can contribute, jointly with other sources
       such as DG INFSO’s Information Society
       Benchmarking Report, to designing a
       manageable indicator system for regional
       (and national) Operational Programmes
     • Key challenge:
        Set key quantifiable targets and design
        pertinent indicators!


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