Cued Speech Yesterday _ Today by wulinqing

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									     Author: Pamela H. Beck
        ●Date submitted to deafed.net-3/28/06
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                                                 1
          Cued Speech:
     Yesterday & Today
Creation & Worldwide Adaptation

                    Pamela H. Beck




                                     2
                  The Inventor
                  R. Orin Cornett, Ph.D.,
                  1923 - 2002
Auditory Perception (diplacusis meter)
  Individuals often hear a single tone
   differently in each ear;
  Dr. Cornett invented a meter to measure
   the difference in pitch as perceived by
   the two ears
Physics, Communication theory (codes),
 Education Administration
                                         3
              The shock!
• U.S. Office of Education
   • Annual review of Gallaudet College for deaf
     students
   • Average deaf high school graduate read at
     the level of an 8 year old child
      • This is still true in the United States



                                               4
                   The Goal
• To find a reasonable, easy way to acquire a
  knowledge of spoken language as a base for
  reading.
  • Typical children know the spoken language well
    before they begin to read.
  • Everything, including reading, is taught via
    spoken language.


                                                     5
          The Goal continued…
• To find a system which enables the learning
  of phonemic language…
   • In a manner clear to the senses
   • Through conversational interaction
     between parents and child
   • Efficiently


                                                6
                The System
• “In a manner clear to the senses”
   • Accurate
      • Visually clear
         • Important to hard-of-hearing as
           well as deaf individuals
   • Phonemic synchronization
      • Matching information from the
        articulators with the hand and the
        voice
                                             7
        Sensory-integrated
• Receptive:
   •   Links audition - vision - kinesthetic
       • Listening - lip-reading - speech modeling
       • phonemic awareness
• Expressive:
   • Links motor - kinesthetic - listening
       • Like playing a musical instrument
       • Phonemic manipulation


                                                     8
  First Family:
 the Henegars
         1966
Leah was 24 months old
   Language growth after introducing language
    through Cued Speech
       First 6 months: from 0 - 143 words
       At 12 months: 307 additional words
       = 450 words in the first year

                                                 9
Learning Language at Home
• Children learn from their parents
   Interacting
   Observing




                                      10
 40 years later…
• Leah has a career in office management
• A mother of 3 children


                                       11
          The Expansion

• 1967: Introduced to 98 educators
• 2 from each state of the USA
• 33 introduced it to their schools




                                      12
       Expansion continues
*1968-69
• One traveling instructor
1969-70
• Two traveling instructors
• Guidebook for parents
• Manual for teachers

                              13
   60+ Adaptations to other
         Languages
1970
 • Spanish
 • Croatian-Serbian
 • Hindi
 • Swedish (revised
   1993,1995)
 • Telegu
                              14
      Some other adaptations

•   French 1971
•   Danish 1976
•   Dutch 1979
•   Hebrew 1976 (rev.1984)
•   Mandarin 1975 (rev. 1985)



                                15
 Finnish and Finnish-Swedish

1992
• June Dixon-Millar, Snellman, Cornett
• Guidelines for adapting Cued Speech to
  additional languages
  – Cued Speech Journal vol. 5. pages 19 - 29




                                            16
 Deaf children bilingual in two
  or more spoken languages

English/Arabic; /Mandarin; /Hindi
/ Hebrew; /German, etc.




                                    17
 Deaf Children Excelling —
      New Frontiers




• Inclusion in regular schools
• Inclusion in regular classrooms
                                    18
        Expanding visions

• Regular teachers using Cued Speech in
  direct instruction (e.g., Leah Henegar)
• Interpreting: parents pushed to
  introduce this
• Transliteration/Transphonation
  – (French: ―codeur‖)


                                        19
  Expanding applications
      1970-80’s +
• Speech articulation
• Speech fluency
  (stuttering)
• Mental retardation
• Learning disabilities
• Deaf-blind

                           20
         Areas of Research
•   Auditory Discrimination
•   Visual speech reception
•   Receptive/expressive language
•   Reading
•   Bilingualism
•   Cochlear implantation use

                                    21
 Cueing & Signing: Together
Cornett: 1975 The Balancing Act
• Circus performers on two horses
• Function in deaf community and hearing
  community
• Communication skills + social / cultural
  orientation needed for acceptance
• What is the priority?


                                             22
      Bilingualism Position
     Statement NCSA 1990
#1
• The language of the home = the
  language of the parents.
• Fluent models of vocabulary and syntax
• Hearing parents: spoken language
• Deaf parents: visible language

                                       23
        Bilingualism #2 …

• Substantial command of the
  phonological system of the language is
  needed before entering elementary
  school, as a base for reading & writing

• Emphasize the [Finnish] language
  through Cued Speech in pre-school
  years
                                        24
Bilingualism #3


       If speech is a goal…

       training in audition
       and speech
       production is
       required.


                              25
     Bilingualism #4 and #5

• Each language should be learned from
  persons who are good models of that
  language.
• Encourage continuing dialogue about
  bilingualism.



                                         26
Cued Speech provides

            •   Cued phonemes
            •   Cued listening
            •   Cued language
            •   Cued lip-reading
            •   Cued speech



                             27
cued language…cued Finnish

• Cued Speech = the system
• cued language = the visible product
• cued Finnish = the specific language




                                         28
Many cuers who are deaf say:

• Embrace diversity in communication
  – Communication can include or exclude
    people
  – Each mode of communication has its
    benefits
  – Knowing more than one mode is
    advantageous, like being multi-lingual


                                             29
            Hilary Franklin
• Deaf people need to take advantage of
  ALL resources
• An increasing number of deaf people
  are embracing diversity
  – Deaf parents of deaf children are having
    their children learn English through cueing
    at school
  – Bilingual (ASL and English): sign, cue,
    speak — and be literate!
                                              30
   2nd generation
       deaf cuers

• The young deaf cuers of the 1970’s and
  1980’s are now having children, some
  of whom are deaf
• Cueing with their children from birth
  – Some are multilingual: spoken languages
    plus signed language
                                              31
2nd generation deaf cuers
• Their grandparents are providing them
  with full access to spoken language, just
  like they did with their parents!




                                         32
        Centers in Europe
• France (Paris): ALPC
    • Belgium
    • Switzerland
    • Netherlands
• UK (Dartmouth, Devon): Cued Speech
  Association, UK



                                       33
Europe continued…

• Spain
  – Madrid: Colegio Tres Olivos
     • La Asociacion Entender y Hablar
  – Malaga: Modelo Oral Complementado
     (MOC)
  – Girona: Crenag Narcis Maso
     • Ce La Macana
                                         34
         Use in other countries
•   Poland
•   Malaysia
•   India
•   Canada
•   Portugal
•   South Africa
• Etc.
                                  35
             United States
• National Cued Speech Association (1982)
     www.cuedspeech.org

  – State and local associations
  – Centers for instruction and advocacy: California,
    Illinois, New York, Maine

• Cued Language Network of America
  – www.cuedlanguage.org (2002)

                                                        36
               Activities
• Camps:
  – Instruction
  – Implementation
  – Support
  – Networking
  – Fun



                            37
     Instructor Certification
• For those teaching
  Cued Speech to others

• Future: For educators
  using Cued Speech in
  classroom and clinical
  settings


                                38
   Transliterator Certification
• Two options currently: national and
  state level

• Educational Interpreter Proficiency
  Assessment (EIPA) for Cued Speech is
  being created with careful scientific
  validity

                                        39
              Advocacy
• Federal laws and regulations
• Collaborate with other organizations
  related to deafness
• Seek federal funds




                                         40
40th Anniversary Conference
• July 20 - 23, 2006
• Preceded by CueSign Camp in same
  location www.cuesigncamp.com
• Baltimore, Maryland area
• Conference, gala dinner,
• children’s program

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Happy Cueing!




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