2006 IPCC Guidelines Background and Objectives of the Revision by ANejman


WMO                                                        UNEP

             2006 IPCC Guidelines
         Background and Objectives of the Revision of the
                “Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines”

                          Simon Eggleston
                       Technical Support Unit for
        the IPCC National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme

This Talk:
  Background, objectives and scope
  Outline of the 2006 IPCC GLs
  Work programme
More Detailed Presentations:
  AFOLU Sector (Leandro Buendia)
  EFDB (Tanabe Kiyoto)

 The “revised” 96 GLs were based on data
  and knowledge from the beginning of the
   Successful but now 10 years old
 Two Good Practice Guideline reports to
  complement the 96GLs (2000 & 2003)
 We now have
   Experience in use of GLs and GPG
   New scientific and technical developments

 There is a need for a comprehensive update
  and revision
 This could contribute to the future
Planning for Revision

 TFB 8/TFB9/TFB10
   first steps towards the revision
   proposal for IPCC XX
 SBSTA 17
   invitation to IPCC to revise the 96GLs by 2006
   approved the plan for the revision
 Scoping meeting and TFB 11
   (both in Geneva in September 2003)
 TOR, TOC and Work Plan were approved
  by IPCC XXI (November 2003)

Revise existing guidelines based on:
  Existing GL and GPG reports
  IPCC Emission Factor Database
  Experience and feedback in using
   guidelines as well as experience from
   UNFCCC inventory reviews
  Improvements in scientific and technical
   knowledge since mid 1990s
General Approach

 96GLs and GPGs to be initially merged into one
 Recent advances in science as well as experience
  in use of the guidelines and results of the UNFCCC
  inventory reviews will be taken into account (such
  as; FCCC/SBSTA/2003/INF.10)
  A key principle will be to approach the revision
  with flexibility but to maintain the existing
  structure as much as possible to facilitate the
  job of inventory preparers (evolution not
   Scope of Gases
 Current coverage:
    CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs and SF6 (direct GHGs)
    NOx, CO and NMVOCs and SO2 (indirect GHG; precursors)

 The 2006 Guidelines will cover these.

 What About new gases?
   Developments since 1997/2000

 Vol. 1, IPCC 3rd Assessment Report (TAR)
    “new” gases (i.e. not in SAR, e.g. halo-ethers)
    improved scientific understanding of atmospheric chemistry,
     including lifetimes and GWPs of GHGs.

 Demands by Parties to the UNFCCC (e.g.

 Development of Guidelines by other organizations
Candidate new gases for inclusion

 new halogenated direct GHGs
   e.g. halo-ethers, NF3, SF5CF3,

 other indirect GHGs
   e.g. H2

 other precursors and substances
   e.g. NH3, aerosols
Criteria for inclusion of a new gas

 Scoping Meeting (Geneva, September 2003)
  agreed criteria for the inclusion of new gases:
    availability of a global warming potential
     in the TAR
    there are identified anthropogenic sources
    there is a basis for methodological development
    relative importance to the total emissions

 A need for development for New methods for
  ozone precursors is not anticipated as these are
  addressed under other agreements and

 Participants of the scoping meeting did not agree
  on whether or not to include the development of
  an annex on aerosol methodologies in the terms
  of reference of the 2006 IPCC Guidelines

 The item was forwarded for decision to the IPCC

 The IPCC Plenary decided, following a
  suggestion by the IPCC Chair, to convene an
  expert meeting before the next Panel meeting in
2006GLs - Aerosols

 Aerosols (black carbon, organic carbon and mineral
    Not included in current outline
    Expert meeting in 2004 to assess possible scope
     (inclusion or non-inclusion)
    IPCC XXII to decide on possible inclusion
2006GLs – New Sources

 New Sources will be included if the following criteria
  are true:
    Basis for methodological development including
     the ability to develop default emission factors
    It is feasible to obtain the necessary data to
     implement the method
    The source is significant within the sector.
  IPCC Emission Factor Database
  (EFDB) (more by Kiyoto…)

 Launched at COP8 – main objective to help
  inventory compilers, useful also for reviewers
  and other
 Main criteria robustness, applicability and
  traceability (documentation)
 Includes IPCC Default factors from 96GLs and
  GPG2000; defaults from GPG-LULUCF will be
  included 2004
 Population with new data – input to revision
Documentation – Default Data
  IPCC Source/Sink Category
  Fuel2 (applicable only in the
  Energy Sector):
  Gas3:                                                  CO2         CH4        N2O


  Uncertainty (as +/% or 2.5 and 97.5
  percentiles )4

  Applicability5 – fill in as necessary if
  data not generally applicable. Describe appropriate
  Technologies, Practices, Abatement Technologies,
  Region, and/or Regional Conditions

                                                        Measurement - Scientific Literature / Other
  Source of data (chose one)                            National Inventory Report / Calculated
                                                        Based on fuel quality / Expert Judgement


 There will be 5 volumes:
   Cross Cutting Issues
       General Good Practice, Inventory Quality and Reporting
   Energy
   Industrial Processes and Product Use (IPPU)
       Combining industrial process and solvent and produce use
   Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use (AFOLU)
       Combining Agriculture and LULUCF Sectors
   Waste
General Structure – Sectors

 Methodological Issues
    Choice of Method, including decision trees and
     definition of tiers.
    Choice of Emission Factor
    Choice of Activity Data
    Completeness
    Developing a Consistent Time Series
 Uncertainty Assessment
    Emission Factor Uncertainties
    Activity Data Uncertainties
 Quality Assurance/Quality Control, Completeness,
  Reporting and Documentation
 Reporting Tables and worksheets
Volume 1: Cross-Cutting Issues and
Reporting Tables

   Overview
   Approaches to Data Collection
   Uncertainties
   Methodological Choice and Identification of Key
   Time Series Consistency and Recalculation
   Quality Assurance/Quality Control and Verification
   Reporting Guidance, including Tables
Volume 2: Energy

 Overview and cross-cutting issues
 Reference Approach
 Stationary Combustion
 Mobile Combustion
 Fugitive emissions
The coverage of CO2 storage in will be coordinated with
progress on IPCC SR on CO2 capture and storage -the
activities will be integrated as appropriate into the methods
presented for source categories where it may occur.
Emissions from international aviation and maritime
transportation will take into consideration the relevant work
of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and
the International Maritime Organization (IMO).
 Volume 3: Industrial Processes and
 Product Use
   Overview and cross-cutting issues
   Chemical industry emissions
   Metal industry emissions
   Mineral industry emissions
   Non-energy product and feedstock use of fuels
   Ozone precursors from industrial processes
   Other industrial process emissions
   Solvent and other product use
   Emissions of Fluorinated Substitutes for Ozone Depleting
Cross-cutting issues (e.g. treatment of feedstocks)
with Energy and Waste Sectors – clear guidance on
how and where to report. Collaboration with other
agreements and initiatives, industry – avoid duplication
of work
 Volume 4: Agriculture, Forestry and
 Other Land Use (More by Leandro…)

 Overview and cross-cutting issues
 Consistent Representation of Lands
 Agriculture (incl. rice cultivation, non-CO2 gases,
 Forest lands
 Wetlands
      Flooded lands
 Settlements
 Other land
 Other - HWP (taking into consideration any decision of the COP
  on this matter)
Volume 5: Waste

  Overview and cross-cutting issues
  Solid Waste Disposal Sites
  Wastewater Handling and Human Sewage
  Waste Incineration

   Will cover emissions from open burning or
   waste in SWDS and alternative waste
   treatments technologies (like anaerobic
Work plan

 Selection of Authors early 2004 - Done
 Authors/Experts meetings between May 2004 – November
  2004 - First two already held

   Consolidation Meeting in January 2005 to prepare FOD
   First review of FOD in March-April 2005
   Meeting in June 2005 to prepare SOD
   Second review in September-October 2005
   Meeting to consider Government Comments Dec 2005
   Government consideration in March 2006

 Final report for the Panel in April 2006 with a view of
  presentation of the report at SBSTA 24
Progress so far

 Authors (CLA & LA) selected
 Two Meetings for Authors held.
   Volume 1: Cross Cutting, May, Oslo
   Volume 4: AFOLU, June, Mauritius
 Planning for remaining authors meetings
   IPPU, USA, July
   Energy, Tanzania, September
   Waste, Canada, November
Authors      (Coordinating Lead Authors and Lead Authors)

          Developed Developing       EIT
             16            7          2          1            26
Energy       31           11          5          3            50

IPPU         52           12          2          1            67

AFOLU        45           18          3          3            69

Waste        9            10          1                       20

Total       153           58          13         8           232

 Detailed contents for all volumes agreed
 Draft outline of Volume 1 completed and
  timetable to complete agreed
 Detailed contents and tasks to complete
  Volume 4 agreed

 General Guidance to Authors agreed and
 Guidance on cross-cutting issues agreed
  and issued
   Only sectorial specific info in sector volumes
 Cross volume issues identified e.g.
   Feedstock use of fuels (Energy & IPPU)
   Carbon Capture & Storage (Energy, IPPU &
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