Subordinate Clause _Annette Oliva

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Subordinate Clause _Annette Oliva Powered By Docstoc
					Oops! I think
you have the
wrong clause!
    What is the difference between
       a phrase and a clause?

• A phrase is a group of words, while a clause is
  a word group that contains a verb and its
  subject. A clause can be used as a sentence or
  as part of a sentence.
        Some Facts About Clauses:
  • EVERY clause has a subject and a predicate.

  SOME clauses will express complete thoughts
  (these are called independent, or main, clauses).

   SOME clauses will NOT express complete
   thoughts (these are called subordinate, or
   dependent, clauses).
When a sentence includes an independent clause and
                              complex
a subordinate clause, it is a __________ sentence.
     Subordinate clauses can function as nouns,
        adverbs, or adjectives in a sentence.

*Underline the subordinating clause in each sentence.
   _____________________
   Once the room is finished, we will buy new furniture for it.


                          _________________________
   Did you see the woman, whose entire family was killed, on the Biggest Loser?

   The book _________________ was about World War II.
            that I read yesterday

   Don’t forget to wipe your shoes_________________________
                                  before you step on the carpet.

   (Note: The clauses may be at the beginning, in the middle, or at the end of the sentence.)
                       Adjective Clauses

  The adjective clause modifies a noun or a pronoun.

Note the difference between the following:
    ADJECTIVE:        the blonde woman
    ADJECTIVE PHRASE: the woman with blonde hair
    ADJECTIVE CLAUSE: the woman who has blonde hair

    An adjective clause is usually introduced by a _________
                                                    relative
    _________.
     pronoun
               Common Relative Pronouns

           that               which               who
                   whom                         whose

• Underline the adjective clause in each sentence.


                             who had scored the most points.
 The prizes went to students __________________________________


 This is the system that works best for me.
                    ____________________________



The boy whose dog won received a ribbon.
        ___________________
          Occasionally adjective clauses can be
             introduced by when or where.
    • Examples: That is the box where I put all of my
      books. (it modifies “box”, a noun, so it is still
      an adjective clause).

   Do you remember the time when I lost my book?
   (modifies time)
BE CAREFUL—MANY TIMES WE LEAVE OFF THE RELATIVE PRONOUN WHEN WE SPEAK

Examples: (Can you tell what was left out?)
I haven’t seen the souvenirs she bought in Mexico.
                                          that
A boy I know is the drummer for the band we saw in concert.
      who
    Adverb clauses usually answer where, when,
    how, or why to the verb, or to what extent or
                _______________

    under what condition.

• Note the difference between the following:
   ADVERB:               He fell down.
   ADVERB PHRASE: He fell down the hill.
   ADVERB CLAUSE: When he fell down, he hurt his knee.


   An adverb clause is a subordinate clause that
   modifies a verb, adjective, or an adverb.
Tell which word each clause modifies and how it modifies it.
   You may sit wherever you wish. (tells where you sit )

   When winter sets in, many animals hibernate.
   (tells when animals hibernate )

  Meg looks as though she has seen a ghost.
  (tells how Meg looks)

  Josh is happy because he has a new job.
  (tells why Josh is happy)

   Ty can run faster than Matt can. (tells how much faster)
                                                    to what extent
   If Cailyn is not sick, we will go to the fair.
   (tells under what conditions we will go )
Note: When a sentence begins with an adverb clause, it is followed
by a comma, but if the clause is at the end of the sentence, you do
not need a comma to separate it from the independent clause.
When the clause is in the middle of the sentence, you may or may
not need to set it off with commas (one before, and one after).



              Common Subordinating Conjunctions

 after               as though             since          when
 although            because               so that        whenever
 as                  before                than           where
 as if               how                   though         wherever
 as long as          if                    unless         whether
 as soon as          in order that         until          while
A noun clause is a subordinate clause that is
used as a noun.


Common Introductory Words for Noun Clauses

how     whatever         which         whom
that    when             who           whomever
what    whether          whoever       why
   *List the 5 different ways a noun clause can be used.

                                                     _subject
That she was only sixteen was a secret at the party. ________


                                      direct object
We suddenly remembered who she was. _______________


The judges gave whoever participated a ribbon. ____________
                                               indirect object

I was amazed by how tall the building was. _______________
                                            object of prep.

A stuffed animal was what Mary was trying to win.
____________________
 predicate nominative
   *Underline the subordinate clause and label it as an
   adjective, adverb, or noun clause.


Since none of us owned bikes, we decided to rent some. __________
 _______________________________                       adverb clause


        who rented us the bikes                   adjective clause
The man _________________________ was helpful. ____________________


                   when Garrett’s bike got a flat tire. adverb clause
We were in trouble ___________________________________ _______________


                   became the topic of a heated discussion.
How we would repair it
________________________
____________________
     noun clause
We decided to take the bike to whatever bike shop was nearest us.
                               ____________________________________
   noun clause
__________________



          that worried us
The thing ________________ was getting our money back for fixing it.
__________________
   adjective clause


When we returned our bikes,
______________________________ we   showed the man the receipt.
    adverb clause
 ___________________



                         we had spent to fix the tire.
He refunded us the money_____________________________
   adjective clause (the
____________________ word “that” was left off)

				
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