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Women's Rights.ppt - PowerPoint

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									  Freedom of Speech            Freedom from Fear

             Freedom to Vote
                               Freedom from Torture

Freedom of Choice
                               Freedom from enslavement

         Freedom of Religion
- All humans are born free and equal in dignity and rights
- Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry
and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution.
Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses.
- Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others.
- Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work
and to protection against unemployment.
- Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work.
- Everyone who works has the right to just and favourable remuneration ensuring for himself and his family an
existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection.
- Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free; at least in the
elementary and fundamental stages Elementary education shall be compulsory.
Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher
education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.
- Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the
community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its
- Abuse violence and discrimination
against women are widely tolerated and

- The issues with women’s rights are still
being ignored and remain as a ‘social

- Many governments turn a blind eye
towards the increasing problems with
the discrimination and violence against

- Abused victims of rape, unfair
treatments in the workplace,
domestic violence etc., have got
no one to turn to
- Women are attacked in areas of armed conflict e.g.
DR Congo and Rwanda. Many are infected with
HIV/AIDS as a result
- In Pakistan, men are beating women at alarming
rates – yet government officials refuse to interfere
and punish batterers
- In Thailand, Burma and Nigeria, women are
constantly being sold and trafficked into
prostitution where governments are not doing
enough to protect the rights of women
- In Ukraine and Mexico, women are often denied
employment simply because they are women

- In the US, students attack girls who are
homosexuals, bisexuals or transgender

-In Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco and Saudi Arabia,
women are rendered as being unequal in front
of the law.
- Women are not allowed to study at
universities and can be arrested for not wearing
the correct clothing in countries such as Iran.
          Before                           During                          After

*Women carried out               *Taliban took over in the      *Taliban was overthrown in
businesses transactions          1990’s                         2001

* Education for women and        *Restricted and violated       *Over one million girls are
their right to vote was          women’s right on education,    attending school
introduced to the constitution   work and freedom of
in 1964                          movement                       *Access to health care
                                 *Strict dress code
*Job positions held by
women:                           *Imposed harsh penalties on    *Afghan government and
- 70% teachers                   women for breaking such        NGO has set up programs to
- 50% civil servants             rules. E.g.: public lashings   improve women’s status and
- 40% doctors                                                   public participations.
                                 *Restricted access to health
                                 care services
*Girls’ drop-out rates of school is still high
*Little or no progress at school

*Increase of female teachers is essential, as families would not let
daughters to attend school with male teachers

*Freedom of movement is still a restriction

*Exchange of young women to repay debts still continues

*Early marriage – 57% married before age of 16.

*Widespread intimidation and general security threatens women’s
right to vote freely
- The UN and its organizations, a main one being Women Watch, has
taken a special long term interest in Afghanistan to improve human
rights and bring peace to the country.

- Its concern increased during 1996 when the Taliban took control of Kabul

- Since then, the UN has established a Human Rights Commission in Afghanistan which has created a
committee to eliminate discrimination of woman and treat them as equals to men as well as establishing
principles in the country reflecting the universal human rights.

- It has been part of the adoption of resolution 1325, made by the Security Council, on women, peace and
security on 31st October 2000.

- It has also focused on the issues of education, media and culture; health; human rights and the
Constitution; and refugees and internally displaced women.
- They were also urged to recognize the role that women
should have in the future Government of Afghanistan as
well as in the preparing the Loya Jirga (grand assembly).

 - The women arranged to have schools reopened for
 all children on 21 March 2002 and have resumed
 the positions of their old jobs

   The current priorities of the UN system

   - to stabilize the country and assist in the
   creation of a transitional government;
   - to create conditions that allow for the
   delivery of humanitarian assistance;
   - to develop a plan for the reconstruction and
   recovery of the country;
   - to support the return of refugees and
   internally displaced persons.
 Ariel Suen

Sonal Chugani

Jennifer Feng

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