Weak…….? How Will I Be
Your healthcare professional will:
• Ask about your medical history and symptoms you may be having
If you think you
Perform a physical exam
Test a sample of your blood
The main blood test used to diagnose anemia is the Complete Blood
Count (CBC). The CBC will measure:
may be suffering • Hemoglobin (Hb): This is the part of the red blood cell which
contains iron and carries oxygen.
Men Non-Pregnant Women
Normal Hemoglobin 14 to 17.4 g/dL 12.3 to 15.3 g/dL
speak to your
Normal Hematocrit 40 to 52% 35 to 47%
• Hematocrit (Hct): A percentage of red blood cells within a sam-
healthcare ple of blood.
Two other common tests that are used to diagnose iron deficiency
anemia are serum ferritin and transferrin saturation.
provider about • Serum ferritin: measures how much iron is being stored in your It?
• Transferrin saturation: Measures the amount of iron in the
body that is available for immediate use.
I f you think you may have iron deficiency anemia, take this
brochure and discuss it with your healthcare provider. There are
many treatment options available to treat anemia and iron defi-
ciency anemia. Ask your doctor about what treatments are available
The Truth about
and are best for you.
The Truth About Iron
One Luitpold Drive
P.O. Box 9001 Anemia
Shirley, NY 11967
ANB2340 Iss 1/2008 www.americanregent.com
Iron Deficiency Anemia What Causes
“Could I be Anemic?”
Iron Deficiency Anemia?
Answer as many questions as you can, and be
ron deficiency is the most common cause • A Diet low in iron
sure to share the results with your physician.
of anemia. It is a serious health issue and
• Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)
yet it often goes undiagnosed and
untreated. Iron deficiency anemia occurs when • The inability to absorb iron– caused by intestinal 1. Do you feel tired or fatigued?
disorders such as Crohn’s disease, or celiac Always Often Sometimes Never
there is too little iron in your body to make
disease or gastric bypass surgery
healthy red blood cells. 2. Do you feel weak?
• A loss of blood—either acute (surgery or trauma)
Iron is an essential part of hemoglobin. or chronic (ulcer, a bleeding tumor, uterine Always Often Sometimes Never
Hemoglobin is what allows your red blood cells fibroids, colon polyp, colorectal cancer, or
3. Does your skin look pale?
gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding from regular use of
to carry oxygen from your lungs to your brain aspirin) Always Often Sometimes Never
and other vital organs and tissues. When your
• An increased need for iron—ESA (erythropoietin 4. Do you get short of breath?
body has all the iron it needs, it stores the stimulating agent) use, pregnancy Always Often Sometimes Never
extra iron for future use.
We lose a small amount of iron each day. If we 5. Do you get dizzy?
When you have iron deficiency anemia, your cannot make up these small loses through our diet—
Always Often Sometimes Never
either because our diet is too low in iron or because
red blood cells are small and pale due to a lack
we cannot absorb iron due to a disease state—we 6. Is it difficult to concentrate?
of iron. Your body does not have enough iron may become iron deficient.
Always Often Sometimes Never
available for the production of red blood cells.
Iron deficiency may also be caused by blood loss or
It may also not have enough iron in storage. an increased need for iron. If iron deficiency is not 7. Have you experienced a rapid heartbeat?
corrected, iron deficiency anemia may develop. Always Often Sometimes Never
If you think you may be anemic, it is important Iron deficiency anemia is the most severe form of
to speak to your healthcare professional. iron deficiency, as not enough iron is available at 8. Do you have food cravings for non-
There are treatments available to help correct the bone marrow or in storage to produce healthy nutritive substances such as ice?
red blood cells. Always Often Sometimes Never
and manage iron deficiency anemia and help
you feel better! Signs and Symptoms 9. Do you have numbness or coldness in
• Often, however, there are no signs or symptoms, your hands or feet?
but some of the more common are: Always Often Sometimes Never
Please take a few short minutes to
• Pale, weak, fatigued or lack of energy 10. Are you Irritable?
answer the “Could I be Anemic?”
• Unusual shortness of breath Always Often Sometimes Never
questionnaire to find out if you have or
• Fast heartbeat 11. Do you feel sad or depressed?
might be at risk for developing iron
• Colder hands and feet than usual Always Often Sometimes Never
• Unusual food cravings (pica)