Anemia Brochure by website1981

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									Weak…….?                                                                        How Will I Be
           Tired…...?                                                                  Diagnosed?
                                        Your healthcare professional will:

                                        •   Ask about your medical history and symptoms you may be having
                                                                                                               Iron Deficiency
          If you think you

                                            Perform a physical exam

                                            Test a sample of your blood
                                                                                                                    Are You
                                        The main blood test used to diagnose anemia is the Complete Blood
                                        Count (CBC). The CBC will measure:

      may be suffering                  •   Hemoglobin (Hb): This is the part of the red blood cell which
                                            contains iron and carries oxygen.
           from anemia,
                                                                          Men           Non-Pregnant Women

                                                                                                                     of the
                                            Normal Hemoglobin        14 to 17.4 g/dL       12.3 to 15.3 g/dL

           speak to your
                                            Normal Hematocrit          40 to 52%              35 to 47%

                                        •   Hematocrit (Hct): A percentage of red blood cells within a sam-

             healthcare                     ple of blood.

                                        Two other common tests that are used to diagnose iron deficiency
                                                                                                                   who have
                                        anemia are serum ferritin and transferrin saturation.

          provider about                •   Serum ferritin: measures how much iron is being stored in your            It?

                                        •   Transferrin saturation: Measures the amount of iron in the
                                            body that is available for immediate use.
                                        I   f you think you may have iron deficiency anemia, take this

                                            brochure and discuss it with your healthcare provider. There are
                                            many treatment options available to treat anemia and iron defi-
                                        ciency anemia. Ask your doctor about what treatments are available
                                                                                                                The Truth about
                                        and are best for you.
                                                                                                                Iron Deficiency
                                                                                                                    The Truth About Iron
                                                                                                                    Deficiency Anemia
                                        One Luitpold Drive
                                        P.O. Box 9001                                                               Anemia
                                        Shirley, NY 11967
                                        Phone: 1.800.645.1706
ANB2340                    Iss 1/2008
Iron Deficiency Anemia                                 What Causes
                                                                                                                  “Could I be Anemic?”
                                                       Iron Deficiency Anemia?

                                                                                                            Answer as many questions as you can, and be
    ron deficiency is the most common cause        •   A Diet low in iron
                                                                                                            sure to share the results with your physician.
    of anemia. It is a serious health issue and
                                                   •   Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)
    yet it often goes undiagnosed and
untreated. Iron deficiency anemia occurs when      •   The inability to absorb iron– caused by intestinal   1. Do you feel tired or fatigued?
                                                       disorders such as Crohn’s disease, or celiac                Always     Often    Sometimes        Never
there is too little iron in your body to make
                                                       disease or gastric bypass surgery
healthy red blood cells.                                                                                    2. Do you feel weak?
                                                   •   A loss of blood—either acute (surgery or trauma)
Iron is an essential part of hemoglobin.               or chronic (ulcer, a bleeding tumor, uterine                Always    Often       Sometimes      Never
Hemoglobin is what allows your red blood cells         fibroids, colon polyp, colorectal cancer, or
                                                                                                            3. Does your skin look pale?
                                                       gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding from regular use of
to carry oxygen from your lungs to your brain          aspirin)                                                    Always    Often   Sometimes          Never
and other vital organs and tissues. When your
                                                   •   An increased need for iron—ESA (erythropoietin       4. Do you get short of breath?
body has all the iron it needs, it stores the          stimulating agent) use, pregnancy                           Always    Often    Sometimes         Never
extra iron for future use.
                                                   We lose a small amount of iron each day. If we           5. Do you get dizzy?
When you have iron deficiency anemia, your         cannot make up these small loses through our diet—
                                                                                                                   Always    Often       Sometimes      Never
                                                   either because our diet is too low in iron or because
red blood cells are small and pale due to a lack
                                                   we cannot absorb iron due to a disease state—we          6. Is it difficult to concentrate?
of iron. Your body does not have enough iron       may become iron deficient.
                                                                                                                     Always     Often   Sometimes       Never
available for the production of red blood cells.
                                                   Iron deficiency may also be caused by blood loss or
It may also not have enough iron in storage.       an increased need for iron. If iron deficiency is not    7. Have you experienced a rapid heartbeat?
                                                   corrected, iron deficiency anemia may develop.                  Always   Often   Sometimes    Never
If you think you may be anemic, it is important    Iron deficiency anemia is the most severe form of
to speak to your healthcare professional.          iron deficiency, as not enough iron is available at      8. Do you have food cravings for non-
There are treatments available to help correct     the bone marrow or in storage to produce healthy            nutritive substances such as ice?
                                                   red blood cells.                                                Always    Often    Sometimes   Never
and manage iron deficiency anemia and help
you feel better!                                   Signs and Symptoms                                       9. Do you have numbness or coldness in
                                                   •   Often, however, there are no signs or symptoms,         your hands or feet?
                                                       but some of the more common are:                            Always    Often Sometimes     Never
  Please take a few short minutes to
                                                          •   Pale, weak, fatigued or lack of energy        10. Are you Irritable?
   answer the “Could I be Anemic?”
                                                          •   Unusual shortness of breath                           Always    Often      Sometimes      Never
questionnaire to find out if you have or
                                                          •   Fast heartbeat                                11. Do you feel sad or depressed?
 might be at risk for developing iron
                                                          •   Colder hands and feet than usual                      Always    Often    Sometimes        Never
          deficiency anemia.
                                                          •   Unusual food cravings (pica)

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